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Vol. 1, No. 1 



NOVEMBER 15, 1935 



Five Cents 



NEW SHANGHAI CRISIS 




BULLETS END WAR LORD'S CAREER 

IHLT "I'll kill you to remember my father" And with these 

"ALt words a comely Chinese maid emptied her pistol at 
Marshall Sun Chuan-Fang, well known retired War 
Lord of China. 

The fifty-year-old Marshal had barely entered the 
beautiful, historic Tientsin Buddhist Temple when 
neatly dressed Sze Shee arose from her position of 
prayer to shoot the surprised War Lord. She then 
*Y1|I calmly surrendered herself to the police. Eye-witnesses 
I 1 1 believed that she could have escaped after the shoot- 
ing had she wanted to, for nearly everyone near the 
scene was running away in all directions, and the po- 
lice did not arrive until several minutes after the shooting. 

Sze Shee is the daughter of the late General Sze Chung-pin, 
said to have been executed a few years ago by order of the 
dead Marshal. General Sze Chung-pin was one of several 
northern generals who opposed the non-parliamentary tactics 
of the Marshal. 

Marshal Sun was once a powerful factor in the internal 
strife of China nearly a decade ago. A former Governor of 
Chekiang, he became Military Governor of Fukien and finally, 
War Lord of nearly all of the southern half of China. The 
only group that opposed him in the southern region at that 
time was the Kwangtung Government. These Cantonese rivals 
had no respect for a northern dictator and resisted all his 
overtures for consolidation. In 1926 he started a gigantic con- 
certed attack on Kwangtung, but this invasion came to an 
inglorious end when his subordinates deserted him. 
Retired from active military life, he is said to have amassed 
a huge fortune in the form of foreign stacks and bonds and 
gold certificates. Reports are current that he is very friendly to 
the Japanese and that they are depending on him to lead in an 
"independent" movement in northern China this coming 
Spring. 

Reports also stated that the real motive of the shooting was 
because of his pro-Japanese attitude, and that Sze Shee was 
chosen to do the shooting in order to prevent any Japanese 

complication. Friends of the Marshal denied these reports, 
stating that the Marshal had led a simple life of comparative 
poverty since retirement. 



By TSU PAN 

The City of Shanghai is again in a state of turmoil 
as Japanese troops rush into Chapei, native Chinese 
quarters, to seek revenge for an alleged murder of a 
Japanese marine by Chinese. 

The Mayor of Shanghai, General Wu Teh-chen, 
was warned that unless thorough investigation of the 
case yields satisfactory results, the Japanese authorities 
will take "free action". In answer to the protest, Gen- 
eral Tsai Chin Chun, Chief of the Bureau of Public 
Safety in Shanghai, assured the Japanese of his fullest 
cooperation in tracking down the assailant. 

The Japanese alleged that the killing was premedi- 
tated, based upon a report that large numbers of plain- 
clothed Chinese soldiers are concentrating in the 
Shanghai demilitarized zone lately. Neutral observers, 
however, tend to doubt the truth of such a statement. 

There has been no motive attributed to the Chinese 
government which would cause their murdering an 
ordinary Japanese marine. Furthermore, empty cart- 
ridges discovered near the scene of the murder proved 
to be of Japanese make. It is therefore believed by 
many that the murder was committed by a fellow coun- 
tryman of the dead man, and not by a Chinese. 

The incident resembles very much that of the 
Kuramoto case in 1934. Kuramoto was the vice consul 
of the Japanese consulate general in Nanking. His 
sudden' disappearance led the Japanese authorities to 
believe that he was killed by Chinese soldiers. Severe 
protests were lodged against the Nanking government, 
and guns from Japanese battleships on the Yangtze 
River were trained on the Chinese capital. When the 
exchange of diplomatic verbiage was brought to a close, 
Kuramoto was found alive in a stone cave in the Purple 
Mountain near Nanking. Domestic troubles had so de- 
ranged this Japanese diplomat's mentality that he had 
elected to seclude himself from world affairs by going 
into the mountains, perhaps to starve to death. Kindly 
Chinese farmers had cared for him meanwhile. 

The recent attempted assassination of Premier 
Wang Ching-wei and the announcement of a new mone- 
tary policy by the Nanking government have created 

(Continued on Page 2) 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 




Japan 



CHAO-CHIN HUANG 
Chinese Consul General 



November 13, 1935. 

Mr. Thomas Chinn, 
The Chinese Digest, 
868 Washington Street, 
San Francisco, California. 

Dear Mr. Chinn: 

I hasten to congratulate you 
upon the birth of your publication, 
the CHINESE DIGEST. It has 
long been felt that a publication 
in the English language by Chinese 
residents here will serve many use- 
ful purposes. It brings a better 
understanding among the Chinese 
and American people and it also 
serves as a means to fortify the 
knowledge of the Chinese younger 
generation with information about 
their mother country. Your pub- 
lication appears in good time, and 
I do not hesitate to endorse your 
pursuit. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours, 
C. C HUANG, 
CHAO-CHIN HUANG, 
Consul-General of China. 
CCH:L 



He who knows others is clever, but 
he who knows himself is enlightened. 
— Lao-Tzu. 



All indications are that Japan is being 
groomed to support another army inva- 
sion into China in the near future. The 
press is suppressed until the time is ripe. 
The Japanese are formula-minded and 
their method of procedure in the imper- 
ialism game seems to follow along this 
line: 

1. Selection of a suitable time for in- 
vading China, when Europe and 
America are busy with other im- 
portant matters. 

2. Charging China with mis- rule or 
insincerity, thereby stirring up 
anti-Japanese feeling in China. 

3. Arranging a suitable pretext, such 
as the shooting or disappearance 
of a Japanese soldier in civilian 
garb. 

4. Imposition of drastic demands on 
China, and the invasion of China 
whether or not these demands are 
fulfilled. 

5. Creation of a neutral zone, follow- 
ed by independent movement and 
the setting up of puppet rule. 

International observers are of the opin- 
ion that Japan has progressed to the 
third step and is awaiting for the inevit- 
able invasion. The only two alternatives 
would be Chinas advanced kowtow or 
concerted action on the part of the rest 
of the world. 



Macao Base for 
China Clipper 

The China Clipper will not land in 
China proper exactly, but in one of 
China's former beauty spots, notorious 
Macao. This is not because the Chinese 
do not desire to have the Clipper land in 
Canton, but because hints from Japan 
are that if the Clipper is permitted to 
land in Canton, Japanese butterflies will 
hereafter have the right to land in any 
part of China they desire. 

• • 

CHINESE ALUMNI MEETS 

An informal luncheon was held last 
Friday at the Far East Cafe by a number 
of workers to hear Dr. Robert Sibley pro- 
pose the organizing of a Chinese Chapter 
for the California Alumni Association. 
Such a chapter will be of immense value 
to the Chinese students, said Mr. Sibley. 
A third of the membership fee will be re- 
turned to the chapter to aid in improv- 
ing the Chinese students' club house, or 
for other local needs. 




MAYOR ANGELO J. ROSSI 



San Francisco, California 
November, 14, 1935 

Thomas Chinn, Editor, 
The CHINESE DIGEST, 
868 Washington St., 
San Francisco, Calif. 

My Dear Mr. Chinn: 

Permit me to extend felicita- 
tions on the occasion of the issuance 
of the first number of the CHI- 
NESE DIGEST and wish for both 
it and you a long, prosperous and 
successful career. 

Sincerely, 

Angelo J. Rossi. 



NEW SHANGHAI CRISIS 

(Continued from Page 1 ) 
useasiness in Japanese political circles. 
While the world's attention is centered on 
African affairs, Japan has evidenriy 
thought it an opportune time to oring 
new pressure on China. A report from 
Tokyo stated that Vice-Admiral Hvnku- 
taka had ordered the gunboat At.ilc.i to 
proceed immediately to Shanghai to re- 
inforce the Japanese land forces already 
there. In the meantime, Chinese in 
large numbers have deserted the Chapei 
secton and rushed to the bordering Inter- 
national Settlement for safety. 

Good-will subdues its opposite, 
water fire. — Mencius. 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



FAR EAST 



Newshawk Attempts Life 
of Chinese Premier 

An attempt on the life of Wang 
Ching Wei, Premier of China, was un- 
successful as the would-be assassin fired 
three bullets into his body on Nov. 1. 
Three other government officials were 
wounded. 

A group of newshawks and camera- 
men were gathered in front of the Kuo- 
mintang Headquarters, Nanking, appar- 
ently waiting for news from the prelim- 
inary meeting of the Central Executive 
Committee which was then in session. 
Wang, unaware of his fate, emerged with 
many other important government 
officials from the front door of the 
headquarters after the session where Sun 
Feng Ming, a reporter for a local paper, 
Chen Kwong Pao, produced a pistol from 
his camera box and shot them. Three 
bullets took effect, on Wang, one in the 
cheek, one in the waist and one in the 
back. Tseng Chung Ming, vice-minister 
of railways, Kan Nai Kwong, vice-min- 
ister of the interior, and Chang Chi, 
vice president of the Judicial Yuan were 
standing close to Wang and were also 
wounded. 

Chang Hsueh Liang a Hero 

Chang Hsueh Liang, governor of the 
three eastern provinces at the time of the 
Japanese invasion, played a heroic part 
on that day. It was due to his alertness 
the would-be assassin was disarmed; he 
kicked the gun from his hand. Another 
conspirator approached Chang with a 
dagger but was knocked out by Chang's 
guard. 

The assassin and eleven suspects were 
arrested. Martial law was immediately 
declared in the metropolitan area. 

It was learned that the motive behind 
the plot was due to dissension against 
Wang's yielding attitude toward Japan. 

The bullets were removed from 
Wang's body in the Central Hospital in 
Nanking and it is reported that Wang's 
life is not in danger. 

• • 

SILVER TO 
GOVERNMENT 

Acting Premier and Finance Minister 
Dr. H. H. Kung demanded of all Chi- 
nese to turn in their silver to the gov- 
i ernment bank for paper money, thereby 
j controlling the white metal. This is 
necessitated by the Roosevelt administra- 
tion jacking up the price of silver in the 
belief that it will enable China to buy 
more from the United States. Not only 
did it have the opposite effect, but it re- 
sulted in greater hardship on the part of 
the Chinese. 



China Off Silver 
Standard 



By Tsu Pan 

A drastic monetary reform was insti- 
tuted by the National Government of 
China on November 3. A decree was 
issued whereby all silver in China is to be 
nationalized and the holders are required 
to change the metal for legal tender 
notes. The program includes the follow- 
ing four points: (1) nationalization of 
silver, (2) restriction of bank note issues 
to three government owned banks, (3) 
stabilizing the Chinese dollar at the 
present rate of exchange, and (4) 
legalizing payment of debts in terms of 
silver by bank notes. 

The three government owned banks 
mentioned are the Central Bank of 
China, the Bank of China, and the 
Bank of Communications. During the 
last few months, the Central Bank of 
China has gradually bought out the 
bank note issues of several smaller banks 
intending to consolidate reserves, thus 
paving the way for monetary control. 
Stabilize Dollar 

For the purpose of stabilizing the 
Chinese dollar, the Chinese government 
banks have accumulated large sums of 
money in foreign financial centers and 
will buy and sell foreign exchanges in 
unlimited quantities. 

The nationalization of silver signifies 
the abandonment of the silver standard. 
The sudden announcement of the policy 
has commanded world-wide attention, 
both politically and financially. Well 
informed quarters explained the Chinese 
move as being precipitated by the 
American silver buying policy. Ever 
since the passage of the silver purchase 
act in the United States Senate in June, 
1934, large quantities of silver flowed 
from China into the United States. As 
the drain of metal put a deflationary 
effect n China, the Chinese govern- 
ment sought prevention on October, 
1934 by putting an embargo on the 
export of silver coin and bullion. 
Make Big Loan 

Of late, negotiations were started be- 
tween Sir Frederick Leith-Ross, repre- 
senting the British government and Dr. 
H. H. Kung, Chinese Minister of 
Finance, for the purpose of arranging 
a loan of 10,000,000, sterling, from 
Great Britain to China for political 
rehabilitation. While no official a- 
nnouncement was made regarding the 
result of negotiations, the Chinese 
government adopted the new monetary 
measure. 

In Japan, militarists and statesmen 



APPREHENSION OVER 
PRO-JAPANESE ATTITUDE 

The shooting of Premier Wang Ching- 
wei, China's handsome and radical 
minded politician, revealed deep seated 
apprehension over the pro-Japanese at- 
titude of the Kuomintang on the part of 
a large section of China. This group, 
somewhat voiceless, is of the opinion that 
the Shanghai industrialists and Pekin- 
Tientsin bankers, as well as Kuomintang 
officials, are desirous of having peace 
with Japan at all price, and that conces- 
sion after concession is being made to 
Japan's ever increasing thirst for slices of 
China. 

• • 

viewed the Chinese move with appre- 
hension. It was believed that China had 
borrowed funds from Great Britain, 
thus depriving Japan of a prior offer to 
render the Chinese government financial 
assistance. A meeting was held in the 
offices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
where delegates from the Ministry of 
Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
and the Yokohama Specie Bank gathered 
to discuss the Chinese monetary sit- 
uation. It is reported that Japan may 
seek to intervene against possible new 
developments for "the purpose of main- 
taining peace in the Far East". 

In Washington, both the Treasury and 
the State Departments professed to be 
ignorant of Chinese plans and to have no 
information other than press reports. 
Whether New Dealers will again boost 
the price of silver is not known. 
Wheeler Quoted 

Senator Wheeler of Montana, accom- 
panying Vice-President Garner on the 
trip to the Philippines, was quoted as 
saying in Hongkong that there is no 
conflict between the U. S. silver buying 
policy and Chinese nationalization of 
silver. He fears, however, that the Chi- 
nese government may not be able to 
stabilize foreign exchange as planned, 
on account of the heavy fluctuations in 
the gold price of silver. 

T. V. Soong, "wizard of finance" 
from Harvard and Governor of the 
Central Bank of China, however, pre- 
dicted that the new monetary policy 
would be helpful. The four-point decree, 
he said, will increase public confidence, 
help business, stimulate the inflow of 
foreign capital and increase domestic 
prices. China's silver reserve, he added, 
provides more than 100 per cent cover- 
age of bank note issues, and the govern- 
ment banks are strong enough to sta- 
bilize exchange by open market oper- 
ations. 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



Are You There, 
San Francisco? 

San Francisco will be within telephon- 
ic reach of any major city in China in 
the early part of next summer, according 
to an exclusive dispatch received by the 
Chinese Digest. 

The ministry of communications in 
China has obtained satisfactory results 
in experiments made with European and 
American radio stations by using a 
phone-transmitter through its Interna- 
tional Radio Station at Shanghai. 

Mr. Zee Loo, business manager of the 
International Radio Station at Shang- 
hai, has completed arrangements in the 
purchasing of necessary equipment from 
a London firm, and as soon as the in- 
stallation work is completed in the early 
part of next summer, the China-Ameri- 
can service will be open to the public. 

Messages from American cities are to 
be radioed to the main station in Shang- 
hai and then relayed to various cities in 
China by the trunk and local telephone 
lines. 

• • 

Wah Ying Club, 844 Clay Street, held 
a special meeting last month, and form- 
ally adopted a constitution. In the 
absence of President Andrew Sue, 
Daniel Yee, general manager, presided 
over the meeting. 

• • 

Many friends will wish to congrat- 
ulate Stanley and Arthur Chin Bing, the 
popular brothers who left San Francisco 
for New Orleans several years ago. Stan 
graduated with honors from Louisiana 
State University while kid brother Art 
starred on the basketball varsity. 

• • 

Howard Lee, former local athlete and 
brother of Teddv Lee, the amateur tap 
dancer, is now living in New York city, 
moving there from Baltimore. Reports 
are l ; nkin<t Howard with Cup'd, and the 
s?me renort has it, wedding bells may 
ring any time in the near future. 

• • 

BEAU G^STE 

On Thank-Diving Day the Shangtai 
will c'ose its doors to the ?en°r^l public 
for th° exoress purpose of fe°dinir three 
h'TcWd of Chinatown's tight-belted bat- 
tal-'on. 

Bo"'^os <-his "b°au geste" th° Sh'ngtai 
will pl'o rriwn c~'"-e for a hannv Thanks- 
p-ivViT mi fi^tv fnmi'ios in the sh^pe of 
r T!-i~'->l--~i".-'<-',o- ba-k°ts. 

!<• \i f't'n'tp'l that if rh" t'irk°vs 



COLORFUL SETTING FOR 
CHINESE BAZAAR 

What promises to be the Chinese com- 
munity's most colorful and picturesque 
fund-raising campaign this year will take 
place shortly when the Catholic Chinese 
Center holds its second annual bazaar in 
its own building. The bazaar will be held 
for three evenings beginning November 
14 and concluding on Saturday, Novem- 
ber 16. 

The Rev. George W. P. Johnson, 
C. S. P., director of the Center, has an- 
nounced that this forthcoming bazaar 
will be more picturesque in atmosphere 
and more ambitious in its scope than the 
one held last year. Last year, he said, only 
the auditorium was used, but this year the 
two spacious boys' and girls' clubrooms 
will be commandered into service in ad- 
dition to the auditorium. A place for 
dancing has also been arranged on the 
third floor, which houses the classrooms. 
The dance room will open into an open- 
air court and the entire space will be 
sumptuously decorated to give it a true 
Chinese setting, the director explained. 
Chinese Booths 

The booths will be located in the audi- 
torium and the clubrooms and in these 
all manner of fancy goods, rare objects, 
Chinese curios, novelties, food, tobacco, 
and sweets will be offered. 

"There will be special booths for men, 
women, and children", Father Johnson 
continued, "and there will be games for 
young and old". 

The booths will be fashioned in the 
manner of Chinese pagodas and artistical- 
ly decorated. The surroundings will also 
reflect the Chinese settings of the booths 
by the use of Chinese draperies, pictures, 
and other decorations. 

A Chinese Hope Chest, filled with 
hand-made lace work, linen, a silk com- 
forter and a blanket is being offered as a 
prize. The proceeds of the bazaar will be 
used to refurnish the clubrooms and for 
needed repairs in the Center. 



itilirH 



<-n he 1~M 



id the 



would "-poll the name Hee Sam. 




SOCIAL NEEDS 

"One of the greatest immediate social 
needs of Chinatown is a day nursery ade- 
quately equipped and staffed to take care 
of the community's pre-school children 
while their mothers are at work. A large 
proportion of these children are with 
their mothers in factories while they work, 
which is detrimental to their health, and 
a number of them are kept at homes and 
looked after by their older brothers or 
sisters. Facing such a situation a large 
day nursery is a necessity". 

Dr. Johnson Speaks 

The discussion of this social need was 
voiced by the Rev. George Johnson, di- 
rector of the Catholic Chinese Social 
Center, familiarly known as the Chinese 
Mission, when he spoke before the entire 
Chinese staff of the State Relief Adminis- 
tration on November 4. Mrs. Genevieve 
Nichols, supervisor of District Six, where 
the Chinese relief staff has its offices, was 
also present. The occasion was the weekly 
meeting of the Chinese staff and the Rev. 
Father Johnson was invited to tell some- 
thing of the social welfare work of the 
Catholic Chinese Center. 

"Chinatown's low percentage of crime 
is remarkable", Father Johnson said, 
"when considering the fact that normal 
family life and home environment among 
the young is still so scarce. Housing con- 
ditions are bad in the community — as 
most Chinese know — and this fact is re- 
sponsible for much juvenile delinquency. 
Good housing could be brought about 
through education and gradual change" 

Father Johnson expressed his knowl- 
edge of the social needs of the commun- 
ity at the conclusion of the talk in which 
he described the religious, educational 
and social welfare functions and activities 
of the Center of which he has been di- 
rector since 1932. Although he has 
worked among the Chinese here for three 
years he showed thorough and under- 
standing knowledge of the Chinese and 
of the social set-up and the needs of the 
community. 

Schools Active 

In the course of his talk the director 
revealed that 425 pupils attend the Eng- 
lish school and 350 pupils go to the 
Ch-'nese classes which arc conducted in 
connection with the Center. A Social 
Service Bureau which made 15,000 oils 
last yeir and gave aid to Chinese totaling 
45.000 esses was disclosed. 

A dental clinic and a cafctcrii where 
hot noon-dav lunches arc served consti- 
tute other imOOftant works. Fimllw th# 
d ; rccror sa ; d that the cost of upkeep .ivr 
age about $15,000 I vc.ir 






November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 5 



CHINATOWNIA 



Oakland Organizes 
Chinese Center 

The Oakland Chinese Center was 
recently formed by a group of prominent 
professional and business men. Led by 
Dr. F. Y. Lee, the organization has 
grown to such a large extent that in less 
than two months, eighty-five charter 
members have been enrolled. 

The purpose of the Center is concen- 
trated on presenting an educational and 
social program for every member of the 
Chinese community of 4000. 

Another aim of the Center is toward 
the unsolved problems of the youth of 
the community. The Center hopes to 
equip the younger generation to face 
the problems of today. 

Following is the list of officers: 

President _ Dr. F. Y. Lee 

1st Vice-Pres Dr. Jacob J. Yee 

2nd Vice-Pres. Dr. Chas. G. Lee 

English Sec. Harry S. Jue, 

Chnese Sec. Henri D. Wu 

Financial Sec. Harry Cheang 

Treasurer + Albert P. Jow 

Auditor Paul F. Fung 

Sergeant-At-Arms Edwin Y. Fung 

Chairmen of the various committees 
are: 

Advisory ., Joe Shoong 

Financial Arthur T. Wong 

Educational Dr. Lester C. Lee 

Membership Edward Hing 

Publicity Henry Lum 

Recreational Gay S. Wye 

Civic Relations Samuel W. Chu 

Entertainment Henry Luck 

Social Service Dr. Raymond Ng 

• • 

TAAM ORDAINED 

From Los Angeles it has been reported 
that T. T. Taam, former active church 
worker of San Francisco and recent 
graduate of the Pacific School of Re- 
ligion, was ordained on Sunday, Nov. 
10, at the Chinese Congregational 
Church of Los Angeles at 734 E. Ninth 
Place. Rev. and Mrs. Taam, (the former 
Martha Leong, daughter of Rev. and 
Mrs. B. Y. Leong of the Congregational 
Church of San Francisco) with their 
young son, Martin, moved from Oak- 
land to Los Angeles, last August. 

• • 

FOR CHINESE AIR FORCE 

Harry H. Woo, graduate of a San 
Diego aviation school, sailed for China 
aboard the Dollar liner Coolidge, on 
November 1st. His final destination is 
Canton, where he hopes to serve with the 
government air forces. 



Headwork 

The fast thinking and quick action of 
a Chinese cook saved four lives when a 
fire broke out one early morning last 
week in his employer's residence at 2640 
Baker St., San Francisco. 

Henry Wong, the Chinese cook, em- 
ployed in the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. 
L. Osborne, was aroused from his sleep 
by the smell of smoke. Trying to wake 
up his employers he found his path 
blocked by flames. He rushed back to 
his room, found some giant firecrackers, 
and set them off. The exploding fire- 
crackers woke up Mr. and Mrs. Osborne, 
who fled out of the house with their two 
children, James, 14, and Elizabeth, 16. 

The fire swept through another build- 
ing adjacent to the Osborne's home and 
routed three other families. Two fire- 
men were injured, and fire damage was 
estimated at #30,000. 



TREASURE HUNT 

Seventy boys were found combing the 
Salada Beach last Saturday with picks 
and shovels. They were not gold diggers. 
They were after "tags", and the one who 
recovered the most tags from the beach 
received as a prize, a practice telegraph 
set. The boys were members of Boy 
Scout Troop Three. They motored 
down the peninsula under the guidance 
of Silas Chinn, assisted by John Kan, 
Albert Young, and a score of older boys 
from Division C. It was one of their 
monthly outings. Every fourth meeting 
must be held out of doors, rain or shine. 
Last month, these same boys went to 
China Shrimp Camp for their outing, 
arriving just in time to help put out a 
dangerous gasoline fire in one of the 
launches. 

• • 

CHINESE GOLFER 

Thomas T. Leong, former track and 
basketball performer, is an enthusiastic 
golfer, one of a few local Chinese who is 
really interested in this particular sport. 

• • 



Refreshments — 

The Shangtai 

LUNCH TWENTY-FIVE CENTS 
DINNER THIRTY-FIVE CENTS 

Ice Cream 
672 Jackson St. CHina 1215 



OAKLAND CHINESE CENTER 

All members of the Chinese commu- 
nities of every locality are invited to the 
social gathering to be given by the Oak- 
land Chinese Center on Saturday, Nov- 
ember 23, at 8:00 P. M. Moving pictures, 
bridge, Mah Jong, dancing (music by 
the Cathayans), and gate prizes, totaling 
50, constitute the free entertainment for 
the evening. Stanford and U. C. alumni 
are on the entertainment committee. 
• • 

DIDN'T DENY 

George Leong, affectionately known as 
"Tiny" to his many friends, sailed for 
China on November 1 aboard the Dollar 
liner Coolidge. "Tiny" was one of the 
best football linesmen Commerce ever 
turned out. 

"I'll miss all my friends", Tiny ob- 
served, "but I am looking forward to 
seeing everybody again in a year or so' . 
He smiled and issued no denial when 
questioned if he intended to marry in 
China. 



CHINATOWN PROGRESSIVE 
ASSOCIATION ORGANIZED 

With an initial enrollment of one 
hundred members of the hoard of direct- 
ors of the Chinatown Progressive Asso- 
ciation met to devise plans for enlarging 
their membership. According to the presi- 
dent of the association, H. W. Key, 
prominent business leader, the aim of the 
association is to improve the economic 
foundation of the younger Chinese in 
America. This, in turn, has its begin- 
ning in improvement in local housing, 
sanitation, public education, and cultiva- 
tion of proper outlook. 
• • 

RACE IN THREE HEATS 

Canada may have its quintuplets, but 
China has its great heat. In a recent 
article in the newspapers, mention was 
made of a 43-year-old mother bearing 
triplets in Peiping. She was probably 
sore put for names. With typical Chinese 
ingenuity she named them for the three 
hottest periods of the year, Ta Fu (Great 
Heat;) Erh Fu (Second Heat); and 
San Fu (Thrd Heat). 



Sales 



Service 



FORD 

BEN CHEY 

REPAIR SHOP 

725 Pacific St. GAr. 4592 



Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



SOCIOLOGY 



Chinese Art Exhibit 

More than fifty prize water-color, 
charcoal, and ink drawings by students 
of the China National Art Institute at 
Hangchow were recently exhibited in 
Chinatown. The exhibition, sponsored 
by the Latham Foundation for the 
Promotion of Humane Education, was 
presented in the girls' clubroom of the 
Catholic Chinese Social Center, 902 
Stockton Street. 

Periodically the Latham Foundation 
conducts a poster contest among school 
pupils as a means of educating young 
people to be kind to animals. Not long 
ago such a contest was conducted among 
the students of the Hangchow art 
school, located not far from Shanghai. 
The result evoked much admiration 
from adults who have viewed the posters. 
Most of the pictures represented a 
man, feeding, caressing, or aiding their 
dumb friends. A greater proportion of 
the posters were executed in western 
fashion but those that showed real 
talent were done with the ancient Chi- 
nese brush and were typically Chinese. 

Recently the Latham Foundation 
sponsored a poster contest in this city to 
encourage art talent as well as the pro- 
motion of humane education. Two 
students of St. Mary's Chinese School 
won honorable mention in the contest. 
Many Americans as well as Chinese 
viewed the posters during the exhibition, 
which lasted four days. 
• • 

WANTED 

Men who are willing to build a future 
for themselves. Apply to the Chinese 
Digest. 



Quality Clothes For 
Men and Young Men 



£JlMMft 




Tf\CT\7/h%p 



Camel's Hair and 
Worumbo Coats 
Reasonably Priced 

742 Grant Avenue 



CLASS FOR CHINESE WOMEN 

By Ethel Lum 

A class in Chinese language has been 
organized for Chinese girls and women 
at the Chinese Y. W. C. A. The hours 
of instruction are scheduled for Monday 
and Thursday, 5:00 to 9:00 P. M. In- 
structions will be given in the "thousand 
characters", letter writing, newspaper 
reading, and old Chinese prose. There 
is no limitation as to age, but it is be- 
lieved that the class will be of great 
benefit to working girls from 16 to 25, 
also to mothers or older women. 

Individual instruction in informal 
fashion is available. A small fee of 
twenty-five cents is charged each pupil. 
Mrs. Jane Kwong Lee, secretary at the 
Y. W. C. A. and instructor of the 
course, reports that fifteen students have 
enrolled. With increased attendance, 
it is hoped that the class will develop 
into a social as well as educational 
project. 

• • 

CHINESE BIBLE CLASS 

An invitation is extended to people of 
all denominations to attend the San 
Francisco Chinese Bible Class, recently 
organized. The class is held in the Pres- 
byterian Mission Home, 920 Sacramento 
St., every Saturday evening, at 7:30. 
The leaders are Miss Alice Lan and Miss 
Betty Hu, Bethel evangelists from 
Shanghai, China. Classes will be taught 
in English and interpreted into Chinese. 



SPECIAL 
OFFER 

EIGHT MONTHS' 

SUBSCRIPTION 

TO THE 

CHINESE DIGEST 

FOR 
ONE DOLLAR 

Offer Good for Limited Time Only 

REGULAR RATES 

Five Cents the Copy 

One Dollar Twenty-five Cents 

For Six Months 

Two Dollars the Year 



FIRECRACKERS 

Where, Oh! Where 

November 8, 1935. 
Editor Chinese Digest: 

Time was when we would walk into 
one of our community's grocery stores 
and find dried duck giblets hanging di- 
rectly overhead, sawdust under our feet 
and fresh meat without protection from 
a customer who might inspect it just a 
little bit too close for sanitation's sake. 
Oh, how we bemoaned the uncleanliness 
and backwardness of our grocers. 

Today, we walk along Grant Avenue 
and almost every grocery store fairly 
beams with well kept tile fronts. Within 
we find glass and chromium enclosures 
for meat, large glass jars for our spices 
and delicacies, and the latest "space- 
savers" all over the store. 

But NOW we bemoan the fact that 
Chinatown is indeed taking on a Western 
aspect. Where, oh where can we show 
our Eastern and tourist friends the 
"stores that were"? 

Do we know what we want? I don't! 
D. L. CHINN, 



A MESSAGE TO 
CHINATOWN MERCHANTS 

Chinatown is an integral part of 
San Francisco. Yet, to the people 
outside of Chinatown we are some- 
thing apart from the city around 
us. Chinatown is more than a 
name, Chinatown is a legend. 
Chinatown is a bit of Old Cathay 
in a foreign setting. 
_ To some, Chinatown holds all 
the glamour, the mysticism, the 
exotic lure of the Far East. 

They who come will want to re- 
member Chinatown. They will 
want to BUY . . . 

Souvenirs, 

Art goods. 

Some reminder of CHINA- 
TOWN. 

Very few American tourists can 
read Chinese. 

Very few American tourists can't 
read English. 

The CHINESE DIGEST is 
printed in English. 

THEREFORE— 

You have something to sell to 
someone. 

Someone wants to buy that 
something you have to sell. 

The CHINESE DIGEST will 
be read by that somebody. 

LET THE CHINESE DIGEST 
SELL THAT SOMETHING TO 
THAT SOMEONE FOR YOU. 

THE CHINESE DIGEST. 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



HUNDRED NAMES 



CHAN-FONG MARRIAGE 

Mr. Charles Chan, of San Francisco, 
and Miss Sadie Fong, daughter of a 
prominent Stockton business man, were 
married Friday, November 1, the cere- 
mony being held at Grace Cathedral, 
San Francisco. 

Chan, who works for the Gumling 
Importers and Exporters, is a former 
athlete and was an outstanding football 
player of Commerce High a few years 
ago, playing end. 

• • 



DOWNTOWN MERCHANTS 

"Young Chinatown" buys over 
90 percent of its clothes and over 
85 percent of its furniture outside 
of Chinatown, in downtown San 
Francisco. 

"Young Chinatown" shops dis- 
criminatingly among the better ad- 
vertised stores. 

"Young Chinatown" is style- 
conscious. 

"Young Chinatown" is quality- 
conscious. 

"Young Chinatown" is price- 
conscious. 

"Young Chinatown" is ADVER- 
TISEMENT-CONSCIOUS. 

Although a bilingual people, the 
younger Chinese have a decided 
preference for the English lan- 
guage. 

They think in English. 

Their conversation for the great- 
er part is conducted in English. 

They may be reached only 
through an English - language 
paper. 

The Chinese Digest is an Eng- 
lish-language paper. 

The Chinese Digest is the only 
English - language paper in Am- 
erica. 

It is, in addition, a Chinese 
paper in that its contents are of 
interest mainly to the Chinese. 

It has the sponsorship of every 
Chinese club and every progressive 
Chinese organization. 

The Chinese Digest is designed 
to affect contact between the Chi- 
nese consumer who is interested in 
what the downtown stores have to 
sell, and the downtown stores 
which are interested in selling to 
the Chinese consumer. 

THE CHINESE DIGEST IS 
DESIGNED FOR YOU. . . . 
THE CHINESE DIGEST. 



CHAO-C H I N HUANG 

CHINESE CONSUL GENERAL AT SAN FRANCISCO 
A Biographical Sketch 



Cha Chin Huang 

Chao-Chin Huang was born in 1899 
in Nan An District, Fukien Province, 
China. He received his college educa- 
tion at the Waseda University, Tokio, 
graduating in Political Economy in 1923. 
He then pursued post-graduate study at 
the University of Illinois, where he re- 
ceived his M.A. degree in Political 
Science in 1926. 

In January, 1928, Mr. Huan was ap- 
pointed a Section, Member of Overseas ConV6n€u in Nanking 



the communists in that province. He as- 
sumed office as the Chinese Consul-Gen- 
eral at San Francisco, California, on 
May 28, 1935. 

Mr. Huang is the author of several 
publications on "Overseas Chinese De- 
velopment", "Formosa Under Japan's 
Control", and "Japan's Economic Crisis". 
• • 

Central Executive Committee 



Bureau of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs. In June of the same year, Mr. 
Huang was appointed by the overseas 
bureau at Amoy as its representative 
while concurrently serving as secretary 
to the Bureau of Foreign Affairs in that 
city. In October, 1928, he was promoted 
to the post of Chief of Investigation Sec- 
tion in the overseas bureau of the Min- 
istry of Foreign Affairs. 

In 1929 Mr. Huang was appointed 
chief of the Planning Section of the 
Overseas Ccxmmission of the National 
Government, and was specially delegated 
to tour the Federated Malay States, 
Dutch East Indies, Indo-China, and 
Philippine Islands for the Welfare As- 
sociation for Chinese abroad. 

In 1930 Mr. Hunag was appointed to 
the Division for Asiatic Affairs for the 
Foreign Ministry. In 1931 he was made 
Acting Secretary of Ministry. In Jan- 
uary, 1932, Mr. Huang was chief of 
First Section of the Department for 
Asiatic Affairs. In April of the same 
year, Mr. Huang attended the National 
Emergency Conference at Loyang on be- 
half of His Excellency, Lo Wen-kan, 
minister of foreign affairs. 

Mr. Huang was chief of fourth section 
in the Department of Intelligence and 
Publicity at the time of his appointment 
to the post of Consul-General to San 
Francisco, California, on March 30, 
1935. A few months before his depar- 
ture for San Francisco, Mr. Huang, as 
official representative of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, personally conducted 
the International Journalists Group on an 
extensive tour of Kiangsi Province to 
make thorough observation and investi- 
gation of the destruction left behind by 
the Chinese communists, and the recon- 
struction set afoot by the Chinese Gov- 
ernment after its successful drive against 



The belated meeting of the Sixth 
Central Executive Committee of Kuomin- 
tang was convened in Nanking on 
November 1. 

Among the notables at the capital 
were General Feng Yu-hsiang, the 
"Christian General" and one time 
Commander of the Northwestern Revo- 
lutionary Army, General Yen Hsi-Shan, 
formerly Governor of Shansi Province, 
General Chiang Kai-Shek, the pillar of 
Kuomintang Party and other important 
members of the Central Executive 
Committee, for the purpose of mapping 
out national policies of both domestic 
and diplomatic affairs. 

General Tso Pin Reports 

General Chiang Tso-pin, China's 
Ambassador to Japan, had rushed to 
Nanking from Tokio to report on the 
recent political and diplomatic trends 
in Japan. Also, the Nanking Govern- 
ment had sent Tai Chi-tao, President of 
the Examination Yuan and Ma Chao- 
chun, mayor of Nanking, to exchange 
opinions with leaders of the South- 
eastern Provinces whose ideas regarding 
national affairs had hereto differed from 
that of Nanking. It is believed that any 
difficulties between Nanking and Canton 
will soon be straightened out. 

According to the constitution of the 
Kuomintang, the members of the Cen- 
tral Executive Committee are elected by 
the national congress of Kuomintang to 
conduct the business of the party. When 
the committee is not in plenary session, 
a standing committee is elected by mem- 
bers to handle the administrative affairs 
and to carry out the policies outlined 
by the session. The session of the Cen- 
tral Executive Committee was a most 
important meeting, one that determined 
grave matters in Chinese national 
policies. 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

A Weekly News Magazine for American Chinese 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, ?2.00; Per copy 5c 

Not responsible for contributions 
unaccompanied by return postage 

STAFF 

CHING WAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY Associate Editor 

FRED GEORGE WOO Sports 

CLARA CHAN Fashions 

ETHEL LUM Sociology 

ROBERT G. POON Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising Manager 



Why the Digest? 

"•• The Chinese Digest is not just a hobby or a busi- 
ness — it is all that with a full-sized battle thrown in. We 
are fighting on five fronts. 

KILLING A CELESTIAL: There are no people 
in America more misunderstood than the Chinese. 
From the time of "Sand-lot Kearny" to the present, the 
Chinese is pictured as a sleepy Celestial enveloped in 
mists of opium fumes or a halo of Oriental phil- 
osophy, but never as a human being. The pulp maga- 
zines and Hollywood have served to keep this illusion 
alive. The "Chinese Digest" is fighting to kill this 
Celestial bogey and substitute a normal being who drives 
automobiles, shops for the latest gadgets, and speaks 
good English. 

THE TRUTH IS OUR BATTLE CRY: During 
the invasion of Manchuria, "Made in Japan" wires were 
filling the American dailies about "bandits", "mis- 
rule", and "Asiatic Monroe Doctrine". The Chinese 
here know better. They KNOW that the "news" is 
the result of skilful tampering by such paid propa- 
gandists as "Ratty Rea". Young China wanted to help 
and contributed its earnings freely. But alas, almost 
all the "publicity" at that time was printed in Chinese! 
Furious speeches were made — but almost all in China- 
town! The "Chinese Digest" is prepared to give the 
truth on the Far East, fearlessly and directly. We be- 
lieve that the truth is all that China needs — and the 
world wants. 

BRIDGING THE PACIFIC. Without Chinese 
heritage, Young China here is nothing. With it he 
is a representative of the oldest civilization on earth. 
Young China here wants to know more about Chinese 
a*-t and literature, history and philosophy. They believe 
they can best enrichen American life by contributing 
these cultural factors here. The old provincial idea 
about forgetting the best is gone. Enlightened Ameri- 
canism demands that we keep alive the culture of the 
old world. "The Chinese Digest" is determined to 
present the best in the way of classic Chinese art and 
culture. More than that, the "Chinese Digest" aims 
to stir up an intense interest in the Chinese language 
=»«d literature. We believe, with the late B. Laufer, 
that the lea* - "'*^ of Chip-se language is easier than the 
'-amine of French or German. We enlist your aid 
ro ioin in the fleht to brine scientific teaching methods 
into the Chinese evening schools. 



Firetraps Must Co! 

There are about a dozen firetraps which should be 
removed from Chinatown forever. Sore spots to visitors, 
they are also danger spots to health-loving San 
Franciscans. 

Some of the larger of these firetraps house as many 
as five hundred beings, yet these same structures have 
but two exits. A few of these buildings have hallways 
about two feet in width. In case of fire, pity all but the 
few who are first to reach the hallways. 

There are buildings where the floors sag until they 
are no longer level. Needless to say, these are not 
Class A steel and concrete affairs, but "rush jobs," com- 
pleted shortly after the fire of 1906. 

These buildings are a menace to health and happi- 
ness. Some of the rooms are without windows, others 
are without means of ventilation. Practically all of 
them are inadequately lighted. Some of the hallways 
are so dark a visitor cannot possibly find his way without 
lighting a match. Nearly all the rooms are small, and 
some are made still smaller by means of flimsy wooden 
partitions. 

These buildings, put up by outside landlords for 
the benefit of outsiders, are in the way. They occupy 
valuable spots in Chinatown, which can be better 
utilized for modern sunshine structures. Firetraps 
must go. 

INTER-TRENCH COMMUNICATION. Chinese 
in Boston or Portland have natural ties and common 
interests. Adverse legislation in one is adverse to all. 
Most of the smaller Chinatowns hardly number more 
than a hundred souls, and these kinsmen of ours live 
•n isolation and loneliness. They are anxious to know 
what is going on elsewhere Conventions of Chinese 
students or merchants have great sociological conse- 
quence, depending on the attendance, often resulting 
in changes of address or business, or even resulting in 
marriages. As fast as wire and telephone will permit 
us we are' establishing contacts all over America to 
serve our readers and make news available to all. 

THE WAR ON NEGLECT: Young China Needs 
Jobs. The progress of anv group of people depends 
primarily on its economic foundation. Give a racially 
sound people like the Chinese a fair sociological en- 
vironment and that is all that is needed to get along. 
At present Chinatowns everywhere are filled to the 
bursting point with well trained young men and women 
eager to find a chance to make their way in the world. 
These young people certainly deserve a chance for 
they are descendants of pioneers who reached Cali- 
fornia before ninety percent of the present population 
of California crossed the plains. They and their fore- 
fathers have contributed much to the buildine of the 
West. The "Chinese Digest" aims to give publicity to 
corporations and firms which employ Chinese. By 
intelligent shopping on the part of our readers we hope 
to create more openings for our young men and women. 

Yes, the "Chinese Digest" is fighting on five fronts. 
Clubs, lodges, and associations are joining us in the 
fray. We want to enlist you. 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 9 



CULTURE 



-By CHING WAH LEE- 



Chinese Bronze 

Most historians are aware that the 
Chinese are a race of antique collectors 
and that they have been ardent connois- 
seurs since the beginning of ancient his- 
tory. Few are aware, however, that evi- 
dences are accumulating which show that 
they were collectors even in dim, neolithic 
times. 

Long before the end of the New Stone 
Age they were already preserving battle 
axes, daggers, and tools of flint, jade, and 
stone, as well as of pottery of a yet older 
period. 

The Stone Age was followed by the 
Bronze Age, and superior tools and 
wepons of bronze were soon replacing the 
stone implements. But these stone tools 
were not discarded. They were recently 
collected and raised to the position of 
ceremonial objects — which is to say that 
they were no longer treasured for their 
original functional value, but as objects 
of arts and antiques. Bronze at that time 
was the metal, and probably alongside 
with cowery shells, has the same value 
that gold has with us today. We see sur- 
vival of bronze as units of value in the 
pennies of the Republic. 

Bronze Not Discarded 

The coming of iron in turn replaced 
bronze with the hardier metal. But again 
the bronzes used by the earlier people 
were not discarded, but were raised to the 
position of ceremonial objects. Indeed, 
they were held in such high esteem that 
on one celebrated occasion the name of a 
whole province was changed with the dis- 
covery of a tri-pot in that region. De- 
feated states were made to yield their 
sacred bronzes to the victorious states as 
indemnities. We see a parallel to this 
in recent times when China, through the 
Versaille Treaty, asked of Germany to 
restore to her the bonze astronomical in- 
stuments stolen from the Peking Imperial 
Observatory during the Boxer Rebellion. 

Bronzes Classified 

Bronzes are classified by the Chinese 
as ancient, intermediate, and modern. 
Those of the San Tai Period (Hsia, 
Shang, and Chou Dynasty; 2205 B. C- 
256 B.C.) or earlier, and those of the 
Chin Han Period (256 B.C-220 A.D.) 
are considered pure antiques. Those of 
the T'ang Dynasty (069 A.W.-906 A.D.) 
and those of the Sung Dynasty (906 A.D. 
•1205 A.D.) are considered as late repro- 
ductions, while those of the Ming Dynas- 
ty (1368 A.D. 1643 A.D.) and Ch'ing 
Dynasty (1644 A.D. 1796 A.D.) are mod- 
erns." Forgeries are known to have been 
made before the Christian Era, though 



they would pass muster by the most criti- 
cal connoisseurs today. In Japan they are 
producing clever imitations by shellack- 
ing finely ground patina to new metal. 
This may be detected by boiling or 
scraping. 

As may be expected the old bronzes 
are hoary with age. Those which have 
been handled with loving care by caress- 
ing hands for centuries after centuries 
have acquired a highly polished lustre 
which is beautiful beyond description. 
Those which were exhumed more recent- 
ly are rugged and often highly pitted. 
Both types display a pleasing patina 
ranging from an unearthly turquoise 
blue to malachite green (which the Chi- 
nese call kuo p'i lu, or melon rind green) 
with passages of apple brown or mottling 
of powdery emerald blue. These colora- 
tions depend to a great extent on the tex- 
ture, age, and composition of the bronze 
as well as on the condition of burial and 
subsequent handling. A few have inlays 
of black pigment or of silver and gold, 
but besides its form and surface decora- 
tion the chief attractions may be said 
to be its "tarnishes". 

Erroneously Termed 

iBronzes are collectively termed "ting 
lu" (tri-pots and vessels), "chung ting" 
(bells and tri-pots) or "chien shih" 
(metal and stones), the latter term being 
applied chiefly to bronzes and stones hav- 
ing archaic inscriptions. Sometimes they 
are erroneously called Hsuan Lu (vessels 
of the Hsuan Te Period because superior 
wares were made during the reign of the 
Emperor Hsuan Te, but as this worthy 
reigned during the Ming Dynasty, be- 
tween 1426 A.D. and 1435 A.D., this 
term had best be reserved for Ming 
Dynasty reproductions and incense urns. 

Many objects were fashioned of bronze 
during the early periods, from stoves to 
yoke bells, and from basins to daggers. 
But there are scores of ceremonial ob- 
jects which are regarded as classics. Like 
the loving cups of today they vary in size 
from those a few inches tall to monsters 
weighing nearly a thousand pounds. A 
list of these objects would include the 
following: 

Bronze Classics Listed 

1. The Ting is a sturdily built cauld- 
ron having three legs and two handles 
for removing the cooker from the fire. 

2. The Li is similar to the Ting ex- 
cept that the three legs are hollow and 
communicate with the body of the vessel. 

3. The Hsien is a "double boiler" com- 
posed of a li surmounded by a tight fit- 
ting or hinged pot, the bottom of which 



may be perforated, although sometime 
the two are made in one piece. 

4. The Tu is a covered bucket with 
swinging or chained bale, and having a 
cover and a bulbous elliptical body. 

5. The Lei is the same as the above ex- 
cept that it has no handle and is round 
and squat. 

6. The Hu is a round-bellied jar gen- 
erally with a cover. 

7. The tsun is a cylinder-like beaker 
with concave side, and spreading mouth 
and bell shaped foot. 

8. The ku is a taller and more slender 
form of tsun. 

9. The Yi is a wide mouthed cup with 
from two to four handles, and has a hol- 
low base. 

10. The tui is similar to the Yi, but is 
larger and more elaborate, and was used 
for serving of fruit rather than a cup. 
The tui of the Huai egion has three legs 
and a cover, often surrounded by three 
birds or animals in the round. 

11. The Yi is a "gravy boat" shaped 
cup with an animal form for body and 
having four short legs. 

12. The chiao is a three-legged cup 
with a band circulating the body, and 
having a small side handle issuing from 
the head of an ox or a t'ao T'ieh, and 
having two top knots. 

13. The chio or chueh is a chiao hav- 
ing thinner walls and a prolonged curl- 
ing lip, balanced on the opposite side 
with a prolonged protuberance. 

14. The fu is an oblong trough with 
four legs to hold sacramental cereals. 

15. The tou is a round "egg cup," hav- 
ing a domed lid, and with high spreading 
base. 

16. The Ho is a pot with spout, han- 
dle, and a lid, which is generally chained 
to the body, generally with three legs. 

17. The tun is similar to the tou, but 
is larger, squatter, and has a short base. 

Bronzes Still Found 

Bronzes are still being uncovered in 
China, a magnificent set of eleven pieces 
being exhumed as late as 1901. Marvel- 
lous Shang bronzes were recovered last 
year. Bronzes are making their way to 
Japan, Europe, and America, gracing 
the museums and homes of millionaires. 
Whether in the East or in the West they 
command fabulous prices, some of the 
better pieces having an evaluation of 
from $500,000 to $100,000 each. 

Originally these classic vessels were 
used for the storage, preparation and 
serving of food or wine, but during the 
San Tai period they were already raised 
to the position of ceremonial objects- 
(Continued to Page 15) 



L 



Page 10 



CHINESE DICEST 



November 15, 1935 



TEA AN D LANTERNS 



CATHAY INITIATION 

A parade through the streets of 
Chinatown followed by a dinner for its 
members marked the initiation cere- 
monies of the Cathay Club on Oct.31. 

Among those initiated were Goodman 
Choy, Edmund Jann, Winston Wong, 
Thomas Horn, Frank Chung, Henry 
Wong, George Gum, Robert W. Jung 
and Fred Lee. 

The entertainment committee arrang- 
ing the affair consisted of Andrew Sue, 
Wah Yee, William Lo and Norman 
Chinn. The parade started at the club 
rooms, 837 Stockton Street, and ended 
at the Far East Cafe where dinner was 
served. 

• • 

On Oct. 26, the Congregational 
Young Peoples Group, with Mrs. 
Thomas Chinn as president and Thomas 
Leong, secretary-treasurer, held its mon- 
thly social gathering at the new home 
of Mrs. and Mrs. Ira C. Lee. A most 
delectable roast pork enchilada was 
served by Miss Alice P. Fong. 

• • 

Y. W. C A. FELLOWSHIP SOCIAL 
In observance of their worldwide 
fellowship, the members and friends of 
the Young Women's Christian Associ- 
ation will be entertained at supper at the 
Chinese Y. W. C. A. on Thursday, 
November 14. The guest speaker will be 
Mrs. Frederic Paist, president of the 
national board of the Y. W. C. A. 

• • 
COMMUNITY NIGHT PROGRAM 

Consul General Wong and Mrs. Wong 
will be honored guests at Community 
Night which is being sponsored by the 
Chinese Y. W. C. A. on Saturday, 
November 16. The program will include 
a welcome to the Consul General, a 
Fashion Show, dancing and musical 
numbers. Cards and music by the 
Cathayans will follow the program. 



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NEW 

CENTURY 

BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Makers of 

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Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 

Since 1900 

EIGHT-TWENTY PACIFIC ST. 
San Francisco 



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"'"""""" ' 



Oakland Chinese 

For the purpose of bringing its mem- 
bers and the members' families into 
closer friendship and contact, the Oak- 
land Chinese Center held a social 
gathering recently at the International 
Institute, 121 E. 11th street, Oakland. 
Approximately 175 persons attended. 

Dr. F. Y. Lee spoke on the necessity 
of close cooperation in the Chinese 
communities, and stressed the impor- 
tance of the moral support of women 
and the formation in the near future of 
a women's auxiliary of the Chinese 
Center. 

Dr. J. J. Lee gave a resume of the his- 
tory of the Oakland Chinese Center, 
while Dr. C. G. Lee thanked all present 
for their support. 

The outstanding laugh of the evening 
was provided by Henry Lum. With his 
rendition of Chinese songs, the youthful 
Mr. Lum "rolled them in the aisles". 

Mrs. Pardee Lowe, wife of the former 
track star, rendered several piano solos 
and gave her interpretation of Chinese 
folk songs. Harry Dong also sang two 
musical selections. 

Rounding out the evening in fine style, 
motion pictures were shown, bridge and 
Mah Jong were played, and refreshments 
served. 

• • 

ARTISTS GIVE BANQUET 

A banquet was held by the officers of 
the Chinese Art Association last Wed- 
nesday to greet their American artist 
friends and advisors, as well as to plan 
for a coming exhibit in one of the large 
museums of San Francisco. This exhibit 
will display oil paintings, pen and ink 
sketches, etchings, sculptures, and carv- 
ings. The exhibit will be supplemented by 
a large collection of historic Chinese art 
objects and antiques. 

• • 

HALLOWE'EN SOCIAL 

A Hallowe'en social was given by the 
Juniors of the Court Our Lady of China 
(Chinese branch of the Catholic Daugh- 
ters of America) on fhe evening of Nov. 
1, and was attended by more than twenty 
of the members. The social was held in 
the girls' clubroom at the Catholic Chi- 
nese Center. Games were played under 
the direction of Mrs. Wm. Stafford, a 
senior member of the Court, which pro- 
voked much fun and hilarity. Over 
twenty members of the various boys' clubs 
in the Center wrre guests at this social. 
Refreshments were served. 



Hallowe'en Social 

In preparation for the Business and 
Industrial Girls' Mid-winter Conference 
to be held in Sacramento early next year, 
the Nine Six Five Club entertained at a 
benefit Hallowe'en Card Party at the 
Chinese Y. W. C. A. on Tuesday even- 
ing, October 29. The Hallowe'en motif 
was carried out in decorations and 
refreshments. In charge of arrangements 
were Miss Delma Mark, the president 
of the club, Mrs. Ella Chan, and Miss 
May Louie. 

• • 

PENTHOUSE PARTY 

A Penthouse Party was given by the 
Chinese Tennis Association last Sunday, 
November 10, at the Hotel Cecil Pent- 
house, 545 Post Street. The party lasted 
from 12 noon to 6 P. M. ,wth 65 mem- 
bers of the "Chitena" attending. 

Miss Josephine Chang acted as host- 
ess, and did so admirably, as the success 
of it proved. Mah Jong, whist, tin gow 
and bridge games were played. Dancing 
was also enjoyed by all present. 

The bridge tournament was won by 
Hayne Hall and Martin Lau, and were 
awarded prizes donated by the Jing Loy 
Co. and Hall's Sport Shop. The raffle 
was won by Willie Gee. 

Tea and refreshments were served. 

Afterward many members continued the 

party at the Far East Cafe at dinner. 

• • 

BARN DANCE 

Delta Phi Sigma, Chinese fraternity at 
the University of California,, has a barn 
dance scheduled for Thanksgiving Eve, 
November 27, at the Native Sons' Audi- 
torium. The dance will be given in 
rustic setting of the conventional har- 
vest time. Overalls, jeans, straw hats, 
gingham dresses, sunbonnets, and a pi 
of straw behind the ears will be la mod 
du moment. 






nn m nmTi'iTinn Hn n i tiiiii n T uin iii n i i iiiiniii i ii iMH ii i i m i n iTiiiTiiniiiiTintiTn 

Compliments of 

NATIONAL 

DOLLAR 

STORES 



Nation-Wide 
Institution 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



FAS 



IONS 



Vive La Belle Chinois 

By CLARA CHAN 

San Francisco's recent Century of 
Commerce celebration provided a back- 
ground for Chinese fashions that has 
rarely been equaled and a spectacle in 
which a score of beautiful Chinese girls 
acquitted themselves with great credit 
both to themselves and the Chinese peo- 
ple as a whole. 

I refer to International Night, Oct- 
ober 15, when a Chinese Fashion Show 
was produced on the temporary stage in 
Portsmouth Square. The famous old 
Square was the setting for a four night's 
gala reproduction of scenes and enter- 
tainment reminiscent of early days in the 
Bay City, at which tens of thousands 
from all Northern California gathered. 

The streets about the Square were 
jammed with humanity. All traffic was 
detoured and street cars were held up or 
re-routed, so dense was the crowd of 
spectators. Brilliant lighting added to 



"""""" iiliimyi 



iniiiim 



THE JADE 

Beauty Shop 

Permanents and Finger 
Waving a Specialty 

850 JACKSON STREET 
Telephone CHina 2233 



the effectiveness of the setting. 

Chinese Mannequins 

To the music of a modern dance band 
playing in the cadence of the Orient the 
Chinese mannequins made their appear- 
ance, each attired in the lovely colors 
and combinations of colors that have, 
since the beginning of time, distin- 
guished Chinese women's apparel as 
dignified, modest, and beautiful. There 
were gowns from many periods, from 
the dynastic down to the smart, fetching 
creations of today. 

Like a figure from the old dynastic 
period, Mrs. Earl Louie modelled a 
ceremonial robe for the bride of old 
Cathay. Her white satin blouse, reaching 
almost to her knee, was worn over an 
accordian pleated skirt of blue brocade. 
The skirt, like the blouse, was straight 
and full in cut, so typical of clothes worn 
in China a century back. An interesting 
feature of this skirt is the hand tucked 
pleats, each pleat tacked in place by hid- 
den stitches. Extended from the sleeves 
were deep bands of multi-color em- 
broidery to cover the hands of the 
modest bride. A pompomed headdress, 
resembling an elaborate tiara, demurely 
covered the forehead. 

Bridal Costume 

Another bridal costume in subdued 
hues of red and green, was worn by 
Miss Virginia Wong. To add to the his- 
toric picture of her ensemble, Miss 
Wong wore a pair of Chinese wedding 
slippers. These slippers are made much 
like embroidered slippers we see in the 



shops of Chinatown, but for the ex- 
ception of a block of wood placed at the 
very center of each sole. The wearer bal- 
ancng precariously upon each step she 
took, offered not a clumsy, but a quaint 
and charming picture. 

Chinese fashions, unlike Occidental 
fashions, change slowly. In the first years 
of the new Republic, the change was de- 
finitely towards simplicity. Lines became 
more fitted, sleeves shorter, and heavy 
embroidered trimmings were used less. 
Trousers took place of skirts, and became 
popular among the young and soph- 
isticated. Mrs. Thomas Chinn's ensemble 
of trousers and fitted short blouse, was 
of Chinese red satin. The blouse, made 
like a vest, had white satin sleeves of 
elbow length and quite wide. The begin- 
ning of the popular demand for sequins 
was indicated in this ensemble which had 
a gold sequin band of two inches in width 
as trimming. 

(Continued to Page 15) 

mill I l lll l l lllll l I I IIII I I I III III I II M lll l l M ll l l l l ll»l ! ll li n i!i :i lll il i m iii n iiiiiii : 5; 

Jessie's Beauty Shop 

Open From Nine to Six 

Sundays and Evenings by 
Appointment 

1122 Powell St. CHina 1622 

Bring This Ad and Receive a 
Finger Wave for Thirty-five Cents 




Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



AMUSEMENTS 



M.-G.-M. To Screen 
Good Earth 

The sensational story of Wang Lung 
emeiging from his status of a starving 
farmer to that of an affluent Mandarin 
will be screened by Metro-Goldwyn- 
Mayer Studio, according to a dispatch 
from Hollywood. 

The prize novel by Pearl Buck has 
been scenarioed into a Thalberg pro- 
duction and is expected to be released in 
March, 1936. The cast will include Paul 
Muni, the sensation of "Scar Face" as 
Wang Lung, and Louise Rainier, a new 
star hailed from Vienna, as his mate. The 
director is Victor Flemming. 

It is learned that the M.-G.-M. Studio 
has previously spent over a million doll- 
ars in China in photographing the actual 
scenes in China. 

Due to the objections from the public- 
ity department of the Central Kuomin- 
tang headquarters in Nanking, the pro- 
duction of the picture has been delayed. 
At present the publicity department has 
appointed General T. H. Tu to go to 
Hollywood to supervise the making of 
the picture so that nothing derogatory to 
China will appear in the picture. 



EDUCATIONAL FILMS 

The Chinese Y. M. C. A. has been con- 
ducting an Educational Motion Picture 
Program continuously since the latter 
part of 1933. To start with, the pictures 
were shown only once a week, but the at- 
tendance became so large that it was nec- 
essary to have two classes, one for adults 
and one for children. Later, even this 
became inadequate to serve the large num- 
bers: therefore two evenings were set 
aside, Thursday and Friday, from 8 to 9 
p. m. for children, 9 to 10 for adults. 

The average attendance is 1200 per 
week. For special pictures or programs, 
or for sound pictures, the attendance 
reaches 2000 for the four performances. 

Science, travel, health, disease preven- 
tion, industrial progress, current events, 
comedies and special pictures for China 
(news, war, drama) are the subjects 
shown. Last week pictures of the leading 
football teams of this year were shown. 

This program meets a definite educa- 
tional and recreational need, and serves 
the Chinese people in a useful way. The 
continued attendance is an indication of 
the widespread interest. At first the men 
who attended were mostly unemployed old 
men, but now business men, men of all 
ages, girls, and women are interested. 



You Haven't Seen 

CHINATOWN 



Unless You've Been to 

THE 

MANDARIN 

THEATRE 

The Only 

CHINESE 

OPERA 

IN 

AMERICA 



TEN - TWENTY - ONE 

GRANT AVENUE 
San Francisco 



"HERE WE ARE, MAE" 

We read where Mae West has been 
unable to secure the services of Chinese 
musicians who play real Chinese instru- 
ments, for her new picture, "Klondike 
Lou", and was forced to hire twelve 
unique Chinese who were able to do some- 
thing with the "pay-pa" and "yut-kum". 
Perhaps she does not know that there 
is a Nam Chung Musical Society in San 
Francisco. These men were recently in 
San Diego for California Day and they 
may be termed genuine Chinese music- 
ians. They also played for the Century of 
Commerce fete. 

• • 

WHEELER HALL (Berkeley) 

"Night Over Taos." A play about 
the early invasion of New Mexico by 
Americans. Something you will re- 
member. 
PINE STREET PLAYERS 

"Monkey House." Dealing with 
artists along the east fringe of China- 
town. This will be amusing to those 
Chinese who "go slumming" there 
occasionally. 



SCREEN REVIEW 

WARFIELD 

"In Old Kentucky," starring Will 
Rogers. The story of a humorous 
philosophic horse trainer of the Old 
South; worth seeing, bring children. 

PARAMOUNT 

"O'Shaugnessy's Boy," with Wallace 
Beery and Jackie Cooper. Lots of fun, 
but leave the adults at some night club 
before going. 

UNITED ARTIST 

"Red Salute," with Barbara Stan- 
wyck and Robert Young. Dashing love 
along the Mexican border. No chance 
to yawn in this crazy story. 

GOLDEN GATE 

"It's In The Air," with Jack Benny 
and Una Merkel. A screen presenta- 
tion of a musical comedy. 

ST. FRANCIS 

"Dr. Socrates," starring Paul Muni. 
Medical students will like this heroic 
fight. 

ORPHEUM 

"Remember Last Night," with Edward 
Arnold. If you like murder, go by all 
means. 

FOX 

"Ship Cafe" and "Wanderer of the 
Wasteland." Idea for those who read 10 
cent magazines. 

GEARY 

"A Midsummer Night's Dream." 
Max Reinhardt's version of Shake- 
speare's musical comedy; novel treat- 
ment and judicious alteration. Very 
entertaining. 

• • 

STAGE REVIEW 

CURRAN 

"Bitter Sweet." One of a few good 
operetas that crossed the plains. Worth 
hearing. 

COLUMBIA 

"Common Flesh." Rather common, 
but the meat is well done. Ideal for 
the tired business executives. 

PRESIDENT 

"The Gossipy Sex." For the sippy 
and the gossipy, this play will prove 
amusing. 

OPERA HOUSE 

"Operatunities." You mingle with the 
stars after the show, or at least you drink ' 
a cup of tea. 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



Cage Tossers 



By Fred George Woo 

Endeavoring to revive enthusiasm for bas- 
ketball among the young Chinese, Wah Ying 
Club is sponsoring its first annual Bay Re- 
gion Chinese Basketball Championship 
Tournament to commence in December, 
on a round-robin basis. 

Formerly a most popular sport, basketball 
has been on the wane during recent years, 
due partly to the depression. 

"A major tournament, fairly conducted, 
will restore intense interest in this branch of 
sport," declared James Jung, chairman of the 
Wah Ying Athletic Committee. 

Invitations have been sent out by Daniel 
Yee, general chairman, to various local, 
Oakland, Berkeley, San Jose, San Mateo, Palo 
Alto, and other Bay Region Chinese clubs to 
participate. Competition will be stiff, accord- 
ing to Andrew Sue, president of Wah Ying. 
Several other officials ventured an opinion 
that this tournament will be an outstanding 
sport event of the Chinese. 

Silver Trophy 

The sponsor is donating a large silver 
three-year perpetual trophy for the winning 
team, as well as gold medals to its players. 
Silver medals will be awarded to members 
of the runner-up team. At the close of league 
play, all-star teams will be selected, with 
those named receiving ribbons in recogni- 
tion of their outstanding play. 

All league contests will be played at the 
! French Court, 625 Pine Street, San Fran- 
cisco. The opening game is slated for Sunday 
afternoon, December 15. 

Entries will close November 15. Complete 
information and entry blanks are obtainable 
at Wah Ying Club, 844 Clay Street, 'phone 
CHina 0844. 



WAKU REORGANIZING 

Reports from across the bay have it 
that the Waku Club is reorganizing a 
basketball team this year to enter the 
Wah Ying Cage League. We hear that 
it will be a powerful team, to consist of 
several veteran performers and a few 
up-and-coming youngsters. 

CHINESE GIRL TENNIS STAR 

One of the tennis sensations on the 
English courts this year was Gem 
Hoaking, a fifteen-year old Chinese girl. 
£uled too young to compete for the 
Junior Wimbledon championships re- 
:ently in London, she was given an 
impire's post in the title matches as a 
:onsolation. 



ROUGH HOUSE TACTICS 

Chi-Fornian Club's basketball team has, 
so far this season, engaged in two games. 
In their opener, they invaded the lair 
of the San Francisco Boy Club hoopsters. 
With four minutes to play in the last 
quarter, the tilt was declared "no con- 
test" by the referee, when the home team, 
according to the official, resorted to foot- 
ball and wrestling tactics. Half-time 
score favored the Chinese, 17-8. 

Last week the Chi-Fornians lost to the 
Evening High School of Commerce un- 
limiteds by a tally of 60-47, at the Com- 
merce gym. However, the Chi-Fornian 
players hope to improve their team and 
defensive work by the time the Chinese 
League comes along. 

Following is a list of the players on the 
squad: Herbert Louie, Athletic manager; 
Victor Wong, Richard Wong, Jack Lee, 
Ted Lee, James Hall, Fred Woo, Jack 
Look, and Francis Mark. 



Sport Shorts 



Frank Chin, a Chinese boy who resides 
in Salinas and attends the Union High 
School there, is a good football player. 
It is unfortunate, for Frank at least, 
that Salinas turns out championship 
teams year after year. Frank would have 
been a shining star on most any other 
prep team. 

• • 

Speaking of Salinas, do you know 
that Edward "Lefty" Chan lives there? 

Ed, a few years ago, was one of the 
best Chinese pitchers in baseball and 
who played on the Francisco and Poly 
nines. 

• • 

We hear that the Chinese All-High 
Basketball League may start their season 
sometime late in November. Teams from 
Poly, Commerce, Lowell, Mission, and 
Galileo will comprise the league. It is 
rumored that S. F. J. C and S. F. State 
desire to join in the prep league also. 

• • 

Earl Wong, who plavs on the Chinese 
Scout Varsity Basketball Team, also plays 
on the Univerrity of California freshman 
five. Earl is a forward. 

• • 

Jack Look, who starred for the San 
Rafael High basketball and tennis varsit- 
ies a few years ago, has a swell nickname. 
For some unknown reason, friends call 
him "Runt". 



Arthur Hee's Shangtai basketball 
team will again have for its players this 
coming season Charlie Hing, of All-City 
fame from Polytechnic High School, 
and Gerald Leong, former Commerce 
Varsity forward. Joe Chew, an ex- 
Sequoia High star, will be manager. 

• • 

There is an unconfirmed story that 
Albert Quong Lee, former gridiron stal- 
wart and man-about-town these days, 
stood at a street corner on a chilly night 
for two hours, waiting for his lady fair 
to show up. 

P. S. She did not. 

• • 

One of the most promising basket- 
ball players among the youngsters is 
Henry Kan, who plays forward on the 
Troop Three Scout team, coached by 
Don Lee, former Commerce star. Hank 
is following in the footsteps of his 
brother, Bill, who was an outstanding 
point-getter a few years ago. 

• • 

Most people do not know that a Chi- 
nese boy plays on the San Francisco 
State football eleven. Scan the roster 
and you will come across the name of 
Ed Yee, alternate regular end. Although 
not an Ail-American candidate by any 
means, he is, nevertheless, a valuable man 
on the squad. Ed hails from an East Bay 
high school. 

Rumors have been afloat for some time 
that an attempt is being made to organ- 
ize a Chinese football team this year. So 
far, nothing definite has been reported. 

• • 

A "touch tackle" football league, 
with several games already played, was 
organized by the Chinese Playground, 
according to Oliver Chang, director. 
Games are played on Sundays, under the 
supervision of Fred Mar. 

• • 

REFEREES SELECTED 

Two popular referees have been se- 
lected to officiate at all contests of the 
Wah Ying Bay Region Chinese Basket- 
ball Championship Tournament. They 
are Leland Stanford and Al Deasy, 
according to an announcement by Gen- 
eral Manager Daniel Yee. 

A statement was also issued that 
special official basketball programs will 
be printed and distributed free through- 
out the season as souvenirs. The spon- 
sors w'sh to call all clubs' attention to 
the fact that entries for the league close 
on Friday, November 15. 



m i rt 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



BOOKS 



By William Hoy 



My Country and 
My People 

by Lin Yutang. 382 p. illus. New York, 
Reynal & Hitchcock. A John Day Book. 
Price: #3.00. 

Self-criticism is a virtue which few 
racial groups in this hectic race-conscious 
world ever practice. In a country with 
an immemorable and glorious civiliza- 
tion and culture such as China self- 
criticism is doubly difficult, and the rea- 
son is not far to seek. China's civiliza- 
tion is old and it has taken her many 
centuries to reach her present state of 
unhappy senility; but she still lives, and 
in that very fact is to be discovered the 
reason for her stubborn pride and in- 
ability for self -criticism.— to acknow- 
ledge not only her past greatness but, 
what is most important for her continued 
existence as a nation, to know and face 
her present weaknesses, faults, and rea- 
sons for her backwardness. 

China Alone Survives 

In the course of her long civilization 
China has witnessed the rise and dissolu- 
tions of nations within her hearing dis- 
tance. She alone has survived, and be- 
cause she is still living she has assumed 
that she has discovered the right rules 
of living and conduct, for how else could 
she have existed so long? Ergo, there is 
nothing wrong with her and self-criti- 
cism was needless. Apply this same mea- 
suring stick to individuals, Chinese or 
otherwise, and the result would be the 
same. 

For obvious reasons the ability to 
grasp and to interpret the virtues and 
the faults of one's people, not using 
psychological, analytical methods, but 
the simple formula of "human values", 
is also difficult to achieve. When one has 
combined this quality with the ability to 
"search inwardly and examine one's 
wisdom", in the words of Mencius, one 
has achieved a feat not without signifi- 
cance to posterity. 

Pearl Buck's Opinion 

Such an intellectual quality is present 
in Dr. Lin Yu-tang, whose book Pearl S. 
Buck describes in her Foreward as„_. 
"truthful and not ashamed of the truth: 
it is written proudly and humorously 
and wirh beauty, seriously and with 
gaiety, appreciative and understanding 
of both old and new. It is, I think, the 
most profound, the most complete, the 
most important book yet written about 
China". 

Any one who has read the Rev. Arthur 
Smith's "Chinese Characteristics", writ- 
ten at the end of the last century, will, 
after perusal of Dr. Lin's work, appre- 



ciate the true quality of the latter's book. 
In the former, an American missionary 
attempted to analyse in the light of 
Christian ethics and what little psychol- 
ogical formula which was then in exist- 
ence, the moral, intellectual, physical 
and political genius of the Chinese. The 
result was a greatly exaggerated work of 
character exposition. Moreover, the 
book's literary quality was conspicouous 
for its dryness and on the whole showed 
the writer's appalling ignorance of Chi- 
nese culture. 

H. L. Mencken of China 

In Dr. Lin's work, however, we have 
the product of a man whose scholarship 
and intellectual progressiveness, both in 
foreign countries as well as in his native 
land, is unquestioned. He is known as 
one of the country's two ablest critics _ 
an H. L. Mencken of China. He is liter- 
ary, humorous, philosophical, at times 
cynical, but always interesting. When he 
choses to write in English he is a thoro- 
going journalist. 

"My Country and My People" con- 
sists of nine chapters, a Prologue and an 
Epilogue, and is divided into two parts. 
Chapter I describes the people as a race 
and its cultural solidity. He defines the 
differences existing between the southern 
and northern peoples in their physique, 
temperament and habits; the inter-mix- 
ture of the various tribes; the cultural 
and ethnological significance of the 
cycles of peace and wars stretching over 
a period of two thousand years. Whereas 
the active physical qualities of the race 
were prevented from degenerating by the 
periodic infusion of new blood from the 
North, China's cultural stability was 
primarily the outcome of the absence of 
established classes. 

Chinese Character Discussed 

Chapter II discusses the Chinese 
character, and here Dr. Lin's philo- 
sophical humor and cynicism comes into 
play. He lists fifteen Chinese character- 
istics and proceeds to examine their vir- 
tues and their faults. Among the people's 
good characteristics he put down sanity, 
simplicity, love of nature, fecundity, 
industry, frugality, love of family life, 
humor, conservatism, and sensuality. 
Among the other characteristics which 
he considered more as vices than virtues 
are patience, indifference, old roguery, 
pacifism, and contentment. All these 
traits of character he grouped into one 
word: mellowness, which is a quality of 
mind possible only to an old nation and 
which means "the supremecy of the mind 
over emotions, and an overwhelming 
assurance that the human mind, through 



jo pue jjas s^auo .jo SurpuEjsjapun sji 
one's fellowmen, is able to adjust itself 
to the most unfavorable circumstances 
and triumph over them". 

The Chinese Mind 

The next chapter deals with the Chi- 
nese mind and here the author defends 
the Chinese people's lack of science and 
their curious system of logic, or rather 
lack of it. Most writers on China, 
whether native or foreign, never cease to 
throw brick-bats at the Chinese people's 
lack of an analytical mind. Dr. Lin says, 
however, that "the Chinese mind de- 
lights only in moral platitudes", and 
that "the scientific method, besides being 
analytical, always involves an amount of 
stupid drudgery, while the Chinese be- 
lieve in flashes of common sense and 
insight. No Chinese could possibly be 
stupid enough to write a dissertation on 
ice-cream, and after a series of careful 
observations, announce the staggering 
conclusion that the prrimary functions 
of sugar in the manufacture of ice-cream 
is to sweeten it; or that, in "A study of 
the bacterial content of cotton under- 
shirts, the number of bacteria tends to 
increase with the length of time gar- 
ments are worn." 

China's Womanhood 
The chapter following discusses 
Ideals of Lifeand embraced Chinese 
humanism, Confucius' Doctrine of the 
Golden Mean, Taoism, and Buddhism. 
Here again the author's flashes of humor 
enliven an otherwise serious topic-humor 
which is part and parcel of the writer's 
philosophy and not just an attempt to be 
facetious. 

Part two is given over to the examin- 
ation of China's womanhood, its social 
and political life, its literature and its 
artistic life and, finally, the Chinese way 
of living. The longest chapter of part 
two is devoted deservedly to literature. In 
this and the following chapter on the 
artistic life the author shows his pro- 
found understanding, and not merely an 
accumulated knowledge, of Chinese cul- 
ture. This portion of the book is all too 
short. 

It is in the chapters on China's social 
and political life and in the epilogue 
that Dr. Lin applies the searchlight of 
self-criticism in an effort to understand 
the country's present state of chaos by 
examining the country's past history and 
culture, searching for a possible cause. 
The cause of China's present chaos he 
found to be a Female Triad called Face, 
Fate, and Favor. China has alwavs been 
governed by a system of morals, but thil 1 
(Continued to Page 15) 



November 15, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 15 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



Fashions 

(Continued from Page 11) 
Trend Toward Long Dress 

The long dress was first adopted by 
fashion leaders in Shanghai, the Paris of 
China. The change in the beginning was 
restrained and simple in cut. Several 
beautiful creations of this period re- 
ceived the hearty plaudits of the crowd. 
Miss Elaine Chinn's gown of deep blue 
satin embroidered with fine silver cord 
in large Chrysanthemum patterns, was 
worn with a pair of pink satin trousers 
embroidered in gold cord in the same 
floral pattern. 

Miss Helen Jow's stunning white satin 
trimmed with silver sequins and Miss 
Mae Chinn's blue gown studded with 
large, loose red sequins, were two out- 
standing models of the early "long 
gown" period. From the high collar to 
the ankle-tipped hem, these dresses were 
unbroken in line, hence the appropiate 
term "long gown". Semi-fitted, with 
modest slits on the sides, and with sleeves 
in width of five to six inches, elbow 
length, this style of long dresses re- 
mained popular for many years. 
Cut More Daring 

Today, the leading dress makers in 
Shanghai and HongKong have retained 
the long gown mode. The cut, however, 
has become more daring, and the silhou- 
ette with a Western caption - "stream- 
line". High slits reach to the knee, in 
some, above the knee. Extremely form 
fitting, these gowns are most becoming to 
the slenderness of the Chinese women. 
Collars, traditional in Chinese dresses 
of all ages, are three or four inches in 
height. Sleeves, undergoing an astound- 
ing change, have given way from the 
wide flowing type to the very short nar- 
row ones. Also, the ingenious treatment 
of old embroidery on new fabrics, and 
the use of sequins of the loose type are 
to be noted. 

Miss Constance King featured a gown 
of the modern period in red satin with 
daring high slits. 

Miss Helen Fong's crepe gown, lovely 
with its embroidered yoke and collar, was 
of the new Renaissance green. The em- 
broidery of the old Mandarin work was 
was repeated as trimming on the hem 
and the two side slits. 

Miss Lorraine Chinn's white satin 
wrap with large gold sequin leaves 
loosely studded, proved an intertsing ver- 
sion of the American evening wraps. It 
retained the high collar, but cut knee 
length, opened in front instead of the 
usual side fastening of Chinese clothes. 
Casual in line, long sleeves, brilliant with 



Chinese Silk Trade 
Booms 

Chinese export of silk showed a marked 
increase during recent months as a 
result of the Italy-Ethiopia imbroglio. 
The fear of a blockade of the Mediter- 
ranean sea route has diverted buyers of 
silk materials toward the Far East. 
Italian silk and rayon have been formi- 
dable competitors with Chinese silk, and 
now war time economy and transport- 
ation difficulties have curtailed Italian 
supply and helped to increase Chinese 
export. 

According to statistics compiled by 
the ministry of finance in China, silk at 
the present occupies only an unimport- 
ant place among the commodities of 
export from China. It was formerly the 
most important item in the export list 
but has long been relegated to an 
insignificant place on account of foreign 
competition. With the African situation 
at its height, Chinese silk export is ex- 
pected to boom for a while. 



loose sequins, the wrap is adaptabe for 
both American and Chinese fashion. 
Chinese Stage Beauty 

Miss Li Ta Ming, popular singer at 
the Club Cairo, wore the only stage crea- 
tion. Although her gown was modern, of 
white crepe with large rose pattern em- 
broidery, her short wrap was of the 
Chinese stage. Intricate in cut and de- 
sign, with a profusion of silver as well as 
silk thread and even fur embroidery, the 
dramatic effect was heightened by arti- 
ficial Chinese flowers worn in the air. 

To the strains of "Chinese Lullaby" 
and "Chinatown," sung by the golden 
voiced Miss Li, the splendid display of 
dazzling gowns ended all too soon. 



Chinese Bronze 

(Continued from Page 9) 
libation and offering of sacramental 
food. Newer bronzes were made at that 
time and these have acquired functions: 
celebration of victories, expression of 
penitence and prayer, awards for merito- 
rious service, confirmation of appoint- 
ment, birthday memorials, insignia of 
kingly authority, etc. 

Have Few Equals 

As to artistry and technique, Herrlee 
Glessner Creel claimed that they have 
had few equals and no superior, in all 
the world before or since their own days. 

"The casting of these bronzes, in the 



Books 

(Continued from Page 14) 
system can no longer accomplish its pur- 
poses; in fact, it never did. "The plain, 
inexorable political and historical truth 
is that when you treat officials like 
gentlemen, as we have been doing in 
China, one-tenth of them will be gentle- 
men and nine-tenths of them will be 
crooks. What China needs is neither 
benevolence, nor righteousness, nor 
honor, but simple justice, or the courage 
to shoot those officials who are neither 
benevolent, righteous, nor honorable". 
A harsh attitude, to be sure, and the 
words were possibly written when the 
author was in a pessimistic and cynical 
mood, but, nevertheless, there is pro- 
found truth in this dictum. 

Envisions a Savior 
And the author closes his book with a 
sense of frustration but yet not of hope- 
lessness. He envisions a Savior, a Great 
Executioner who, brandishing the sword 
of Justice, will do away with the govern- 
ment by morals and substitutes a gov- 
ernment by justice. From whence will 
come that Savior he does not profess to 
know. 

Lin Yutang is editor of the Analects 
Fortnightly (Chinese) of Shanghai and 
contributing editor to the China Critic 
(English) of the same city. He is a grad- 
uate of Harvard and Leipzig universities. 
Two of the chapters in his book 
appeared not long ago in the pages of 
Harper's and Asia. With several excep- 
tions the rest of the book were re-written 
from articles which appeared several 
years ago in the China Critic. 
• • 

most difficult and intricate forms, causes 
connoisseurs to gasp; for the most ex- 
pert craftsmen living today cannot bet- 
ter it with all the resources of modern 
science at their command", Mr. Creel 
has said. 

In comparison with the much vaunted 
work of the Renaissance craftsmen 
another expert said, "These Shang tings 
make the casting of Benvenuto Cellini 
look like child's play". 

Many books were written by the Chi- 
nese on this subject, some dating back to 
ancient times. "Hsi Ch'ing Ku Chien" 
(Mirror of Imperial Antiques) in 42 
volumes in Chien Lung's time is very 
scholarly, as is also "T'ao Chai Chi Chin 
Lu" (Records of T'ao Chai Bronzes) b" 
Viceroy Tuan Fang whose pen name is 
T'ao Chai. Western writers are repre- 
sented by John C. Ferguson, "Outlines 
of Chinese Art" and Dagney Carter, 
"China Magnificent". 




Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 15, 1935 



CHINATOWN TOUR 
Auspices of the Chinese Trade and Travel Ass'n 

Special for a limited time only — Tour of Chinatown and a 
Special Pass to the Chinese Opera for only thirty-five cents. 
Chinese Trade and Travel Bureau. Telephone CHina 2400 



SPECIAL TO READERS OF 
THE "CHINESE DIGEST" 

To acquaint our Chinese friends 
with the artistic, educational, and 
patriotic aims of the "Celebrity 
Chinatown Tour", we offer this 
unusual Goodwill Tour to readers 
of the "Chinese Digest": a $1.50 
Celebrity Chinatown Tour, to- 
gether with reservation at the Chi- 
nese Theatre, and with lectures or 
demonstrations at the temple, pri- 
vate art collection, artist club, and 
many other places of interest, for 
only 35 cents. We assure you that 
no matter how long you have lived 
in Chinatown you will be delighted 
and surprised with what is in store 
for you. 

CHINESE TRADE & TRAVEL 

ASSOCIATION 

9 Ming Court 

Off 868 Washington St. 




GOODWILL 

CHINATOWN 

TOUR 

COUPON 

Void After 1935 

Clip this coupon and phone 
CHina 2400 a day in advance for 
reservation. Subject to our regula- 
tions and to any minor changes, 
this coupon is good for $1.15 on 
the Tour when presented with 35 
cents in cash. Tour starts daily at 
8 p. m. 



OVERSTOCK SALE 

Reduced prices on full lines of Chinese Brocades, Pongees, Pajamas, 
Mandarin Robes and Skirts, Slippers, embroideries, and Necklaces: 

Embroidered Slippers, reduced to $1.25 

Pure Silk Hand Tailored Pajama Set, reduced to— .$12.50 
Mandarin Skirts, from #2.00 to $11.50 

Below cost on Antiques and Objects of Art: Jade and Ivory Carvings, 
Rose Quartz Figurines, Sung Dynasty Porcelains, Old Bronzes: 

Carved Ivory Figure, reduced to $1250.00 

Porcelain Statue, Goddess of Mercy, reduced to __ $8.00 
Antique Canton Bowl — Ideal Christmas gift $7.50 

TAI CHONC COMPANY 

743 JACKSON STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CAL 




Digest 



oa weekly mfcucsmow 



^ M£WS - SPO&TS - SOCIAL - COMWCNT 







Vol. 1. No. 2 



NOVEMBER 22, 1935 



Cents 



flJM NORTH CHINA IN DANGER! 




By Tsu Pan 

Japan is sharpening her knife to slice off another 
portion of territory from China this week. Information 
from Japanese sources reveal that between November 
20 and 23, a new government will be set up in North 
China based on the principle of Sino-Japanese co-oper- 
ation and independent of the Nanking government. 

The new government will include the provinces 
of Hopei, Shantung, Shansi, Chahar, and Suiyuan, 
with a population of approximately 95,000,000, and a 
territory as large as one-third of the size of the United 
States. The state is to be called "Huapeh Lianshen 
Tzuchih Chengchuan" or "The North China United 
Provinces Autonomous Regime." 

Chinese Generals Involved 

General Sung Chehyuan, commander of garrisons 
of the Tientsin-Pieping area is to be made the chair- 
man of the autonomous council. Japanese advisors are 
to be appointed to every political post, as in the puppet 
state "Manchukuo." Other Chinese military leaders 
involved in the plan are said to include General Shan 
Chen, governor of Hopei; General Han Fu Chu, gov- 
ernor of Shantung; General Hsiao Chenying, governor 
of Chahar; Ching Teshuen, mayor of Peiping; Chen 
Ke, mayor of Tientsin, and Ying Yuken, commissioner 
of political affairs in the North China demilitarized 
zone. 

Japan Planned Early 

The Japanese authorities admitted that the plan 
was approved by Japanese military leaders in a con- 
ference held in Tokio immediately after the autumn 
military maneuvers on the Island of Kyushu. In case 
China should offer any resistance to this movement, the 
Japanese Kwangtung Army and troops from "Man- 
chukuo" will take drastic action, it is reported. Five 
divisions of troops will be sent in to Hopei and six 
divisions into Shantung. North China will then, the 
Japanese threatened, be formally annexed to Man- 
chukuo" and the puppet emperor will be planted on 
the ancient throne in Peiping. 

Eight trains of Japanese troops have already 
arrived at Shanhaikuan, strategic gateway of the Great 
Wall, and more are pouring down from Manchuria. 
Means of communication along the Peiping-Liaoning 
railway were carefully guarded by Japanese soldiers. 



Military tanks, armored cars, trench mortars, and am- 
munition piled up at Shanhaikuan railway station. 
Ten thousand Japanese were concentrated at Chinchow 
as reserves. A Japanese cruiser also appeared at Taku 
Bar. 

General Chiang-Kai-shek Busy 

In Nanking, General Chiang Kai-shek is equally 
occupied in the movement of his troops, according to 
a Tokio report. He had mobilized 300,000 soldiers in 
Shantung and Honan to watch the activities of Gen- 
eral Han Fu Chu. Another group of his crack troops 
were said to be concentrating at Hsuchow. Reports 
indicate that General Chiang had also moved his troops 
from Kiangsi, Hupeh, Hunan and Kweichow to North 
China. Twenty divisions were stationed near the Yellow 
River regions. It is generally believed that a show- 
down will occur in the next few days. 

Attempt to Force China's Hand 

It is not difficult to see that the Japanese scheme 
had long been planned. Shortly after the military 
leaders conferred in Tokio regarding the China situa- 
tion, a member of the Japanese Chief of Staff and a 
member of the Japanese foreign office were sent to 
China to convene Japanese military and diplomatic 
officers at Dairen, Tientsin and Shanghai. At the 
Dairen conference, which many of the important Jap- 
anese officers of the Kwangtung Army attended, it 
was decided that China should be pressed to set up 
North China as a special area for Sino-Japanese co- 
operation, that China would be called on to suppress 
all anti-Japanese activities, and that if China should 
fail to do so, an independent North China state would 
be established. Nanking was accused of using a 
"double-faced" policy toward Japan. It professed, 
the Japanese charged, to co-operate with Japan and 
at the same time anti-Japanese activities were allowed 
to be carried on among the people. 
Chinese Generals Deny 

Ying Yuken is the first one who openly voiced the 
"independent movement." In a recent circular tele- 
gram to the military leaders in North China, Ying 
pleaded the establishment of the new regime. Cham- 
bers of commerce and bankers' associations in North 
China were also reported to be in support of the plan. 
(Continued to Page 2) 



t^ 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



Foils Assassin 





WANG CHING WEI 

Wang Ching Wei, premier of China 
whose life was attempted Nov. 1 in front 
of the Kuomintang headquarters in 
Nanking, is improving, according to 
late dispatches from China. 

A native of Chekiang, Wang Ching 
Wei was born in Canton, Kwangtung, in 
1885. 

At the early age of 16, he became in- 
terested in political science and sociology. 
Leaving his native land for Japan he 
entered the Tokyo Law College and 
graduated. While in Tokyo he joined 
Tung Ming Hui. His ability as a leader 
resulted in his being elected chairman of 
the executive council. At the same time 
he was editor of Ming Pao, Tung Ming 
Hui's organ, which was advocating "a 
Republic for China". 

He participated in several uprisings 
of the revolutionary forces in Kwangtung 
and Kwangsi. He attempted to assisi- 
nate the Prince Regent, father of Em- 
peror Hsuan Tung. Failing in this at- 
tempt, Wang was arrested and condemned 
to life imprisonment, but the outbreak 
of the 1911 Revolution brought about 
his release. 

After the establishment of the Repub- 
lic he went to France for further studies. 
At various times he was southern dele- 
gate to the internal peace conference at 
Shanghai, 1911; president of the Kwang- 
tung Provincial Educational Association, 
1920; member of southern government 



No Inflation in China 

By Tsu Pan 

China is not going on a paper stan- 
dard nor is she planning to inflate her 
currency, according to a late dispatch 
released by the local Chinese Consulate 
General by order of the Ministry of For- 
eign Affairs, Nanking, China. 

The chief purpose of the recent mone- 
tary decree is to prevent the flight of 
capital and to consolidate silver reserves 
in China, the dispatch continued. Begin- 
ning November 4, the bank notes of the 
Central Bank of China, the Bank of 
China, and the Bank of Communications 
will be the only legal tender used. Other 
bank note issues will be redeemed in a 
short time. All debts contracted in terms 
of silver dollars shall be paid accordingly 
with legal tender notes. Holders of silver 
coins and bullion must voluntarily hand 
them to the government in exchange for 
currency. A severe penalty will be in- 
flicted for illegal hoarding. 
To Safeguard Silver 

Information from other sources re- 
veals that a Bureau of Reserves has been 
established in Tientsin, Peiping, Han- 
kow and Canton for the purpose of col- 
lecting and safeguarding silver stocks. A 
responsible spokesman from the Na- 
tional Government is quoted as saying 
that there is no foundation in a recent 
rumor that financial groups in North 
China objected to the government plan. 
He also denied that China had con- 
tracted a loan from the British Govern- 
ment. 

• • 

DAVIS CUP STAR 
ENTERS TULANE 

Guy Cheng, a member of China's 1935 
tennis team, registered recently at Tulane 
University as a special student in arts 
and sciences. 



at Canton, 1921; and high advisor to 
Dr. Sun Yat Sen in 1924. 

After staying in Europe for a year, 
Wang returned to China in 1927 to as- 
sume the chairmanship of the Central 
Executive Council of the Kuomintang, 
of which committee he had been a mem- 
ber since 1924. 

At the present time he is president of 
the executive yuan, premier of the cab- 
inet, and Minister of Foreign Affairs. 

An exceedingly handsome man and 
of an occasional radical frame of mind, 
he readily attracted the youth of Chna 
in the political merry-go-round. 



NORTH CHINA IN DANGER 

(Continued from Page 1) 

While General Han Fu Chu was in 
daily conference with General Tada, 
commander of the Japanese array in 
North China, he denied knowledge of 
the movement. He further issued orders 
to suppress such rumors in his province. 
General Sung Chehyuan also reported 
ignorance of the whole affair to the 
Nanking officials. To many local observ- 
ers, it sounds incredible that Sung could 
be involved in the scheme, as he was at 
one time the most outstanding anti-Jap- 
anese militarist in North China. His 
famous "big sword" army fought many 
frivolous battles with the Japanese, and 
he was only lately ousted from his post as 
the governor of Chahar because of his 
anti-Japanese attitude. 

The proposed Japanese invasion of 
North China caused considerable concern 
in Washington. It meant the rapidly 
closing up of the open door in China, 
which the United States government has 
endeavored to keep open since the end 
of the last century. In case open hos- 
tilities should start, the Japanese actions 
would once again violate the stipulations 
of the Nine Powers Treaty of 1922, and 
the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact. As 
both of these treaties were initiated by 
the United States, she would be incumbent 
to find means to justify her position as 
the sponsor of the treaties, and as a de- 
fender of world peace, experts point out. 
Furthermore, the recent enactment of 
the neutrality law has made it manda- 
tory that the president should embargo 
trade with warring nations. Should this 
be carried out, the United States would 
lose a tremendous amount of business in 
the Orient. 

At Geneva, statesmen faced a similar 
dilemma. Just as delegates of 52 nations 
began to bear down on Italy for the 
Ethopian invasion the Sino-Japanese con- 
flict appeared on the horizon. In case 
of war, China is bound to invoke the 
League covenants and world opinion, 
it is believed, will force the League to 
take action. The League has already 
been blamed for its stand in the Japanese 
invasion in Manchuria four years ago. 
Would the League impose a stronger sanc- 
tion against Japan? If so, can it pre- 
vent Japan from carrying out its alleged 
long premeditated plans to take North 
China? These are questions which the 
world will ask in the near future. 
• • 

A son was born on November 6 to the 
wife of Mr. James C. Hoang, 750 Grant 
Avenue, Sin Francisco, Calif 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



FAR EAST 



What Price Freedom For the Philippines? 



A political event took place in the Far 
East last week the importance of which 
was overshadowed and almost totally ob- 
scured by more important events in 
Ethiopia and North China. 

The event was the induction into office, 
on November 15, of Manuel Quezon as 
first president of the Philippines, signal- 
izing the inauguration of the Philippine 
Commonwealth. The United States flag 
still flies over the 7,083 islands which 
comprise the domain of the Filipinos, but 
for the first time in its history a native 
Filipino president will occupy the seat of 
government in the Spanish-built Malac- 
anan Palace, from wheh place 14,000,000 
subjects will be governed. 

This partial fulfilment of Philippine 
independence is the life-long ambition of 
the tenacious and energetic 57-year-old 
soldier, lawyer, and politician, Manuel 
Quezon, who, for more than 20 years, 
waged a life and death fight in his native 
land and in Washington for the freedom 
of his people. His ambition for com- 
plete independence for the Philippines 
will be realized when on July 4, 1946, 
the islands will become a full fledged 
autonomous state. 

Effect Remains to Be Seen 

How the Far Eastern political scene will 
be affected by this new Philippine regime 
remains to be seen. Some astute politi- 
cal observers, impressed by Japan's pres- 
ent course of empire building, feared that 
eventually the Philippines will go the 
way of China's Manchuria, when United 
States political and military support is 
withdrawn ten years hence. Although 
Japan, through her official spokesman, 
has time and again within the last ten 
years stated that she has no designs on 
her southern neighbor, these same ob- 
servers point to the fact that Japan made 
similar promises to respect the territorial 
integrity of China, and yet at this very 
moment she is preparing an "independ- 
ent" North China state which will, in all 
likelihood decimate five more provinces 
from China. 

It is also pointed out that in recent 
years Japanese immigration to the Philip- 



pines has been on the increase, that they 
have been colonizing on the various 
islands, have built rubber plantations, 
constructed factories, established trade 
centers, and that Japanese made goods 
have flooded the Philippine market, to hte 
detriment of American trade. 

Whatever the real intention of imper- 
ialistic Japan, Quezon has already made 
appropriate military precautions, for he 
does not intend that the islands will be- 
come an Asiatic Balkans in 1946. On his 
last trip to Washington President Quezon 
negotiated for the services of the then 
U. S. Army Chief of Staff* General 
Douglas MacArthur, and offered him the 
job of evolving a formidable defense 
system for the islands. Last September, 
General MacArthur left for Manila as 
the Commonwealth's Military Adviser. 
What Will Status Be? 

For China the new regime in the Phil- 
ippines brought forth these questions: 
What will be the status and treatment ac- 
corded the 45,000 Chinese in the islands 
under Quezon? Will they be given the 
same freedom they now enjoy, or will 
their activities, chiefly economic, be sev- 
erely restricted? 

In the past, under Spanish rule, 
periodic persecutions and massacre of 
Chinese traders were conducted both as 
a matter of political necessity as well as 
attempting to stop them from carrying so 
much wealth of the islands into their own 
country. Both the Spaniards and the 
natives hated and feared the Chinese 
because of their commercial astuteness. 
Yet they were conscious of the fact that 
without Chinese trade and industry the 
Philippines could not exist. 

In 1571 Spaniards and Chinese met 
for the first time, but the Chinese had 
traded with the Philippines a thousand 
years before. From that time until the 
decline of Spanish rule in the seventeenth 
century whatever economic prosperity 
the islands had was due entirely to the 
remarkable business enterprise of the 
Chinese, a fact to which all impartial his- 
torians of the Philippines readily agreed. 
Ubiquitous Chinese 

Of the 2,441 islands of the 7,083 in the 
archapelago bearing identifications, only 
462 have surfaces of a square mile or 



more. And throughout all these habitable 
islands, wherever there are opportunities 
for trade and barter with the natives, 
there goes the ubiquitous Chinese merch- 
ant, bearing gaudy jewelry, agricultural 
implements, preserved food, headgears 
and footwear, silk, cotton goods and every 
commodity which the natives need. 

Although the native men have 
always hated the Chinese more or less, 
mainly because of the latter's business 
superiority, the native women have been 
marrying them for hundreds of years, 
because Chinese make good husbands. 
Anthropologists have discovered that the 
descendants of the unions between Chi- 
nese and the various Filipino tribes, 
chiefly the Malays, showed more energy 
than the natives, and are superior in abil- 
ity and force of character. They are taller 
in stature, sturdily built, intelligent, and 
possess all the commercial shrewdness of 
the Chinese. Much of the retail trade 
and banking business is in the hands of 
these half-bloods in the islands today. 
Chinese Still Prevail 

Present-day domestic commerce is still 
largely in the hands of the Chinese. They 
are the large importers and wholesalers, 
keepers of small stores, owners of inter- 
island steamers, and practically control 
the trade of such large provinces as 
Nueva Ecija, Ilocano provinces, Cagayan 
Valley. By outright buying, barter, and 
extension of credit, they obtain abaca, 
copra, sugar, tobacco and other produce 
from the growers and sell them to im- 
port houses. In this form of commerce 
they face small competition from the 
natives because of the latter's lack of 
business initiative. They demand large 
profits, and are not content with accumu- 
lating small savings by the simple process 
of being thrifty. 

In other provinces the Chinese become 
prosperous carpenters, tailors, shoe- 
makers, furniture dealers, cooks, contract- 
ors, shipbuilders, and even blacksmiths. 

The retention of the present commer- 
cial freedom of the Chinese in the Philip- 
pines will guarantee the future economic 
prosperity of that country, and all signs 
point to its continuance, for besides be- 
ing a shrewd politician, President Manuel 
Quezon is also a keen business man. 



Chinese Police Force Re-organized 



A Chinese national police force, pat- 
terned after Berkeley's world-famed po- 
lice department, was announced last 
week, by the Chinese press. 



Chinese University of California grad- 
uates are in charge of organization. An 
all-Chinese force, which will be equipped 
with teletype facilities, radio and radio 



cars, and a finger print department, con- 
ducted by recognized authorities, will be 
established at once. 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



POO-POO 

By Bob Poon 



"POP" SURPRISED 

A novel surprise birthday party was 
given to Mr. Earl "Pop" Louie on No- 
vember 18 at his home, 950 Clay Street. 
The novel feature was that the entire 
group was surprised. None knew that it 
was to be a birthday party, including 
"Pop" Louie and his wife. 

The evening was spent playing bridge, 
mah jongg, and Chinese dominoes. Sand- 
wiches and chocolate were served after 
"Pop" cut his birthday cake. Among 
those present were: Mr. and Mrs. Earl 
Louie, Mrs. Thomas Chinn, Mrs. Hattie 
Dong Hall Misses Emma Louie, Margie 
Koe, Emma Dong; Messrs. Eddie Chan, 
Kern Loo, Allen Soon, Edward Leon, and 
the host of the evening, Robert G. Poon. 

• • 

It is claimed that a certain pretty 
young lady quit a job because she had to 
walk all day. What would the same girl 
do if she had to walk home from a ride? 
We wonder. 

• • 

Last Monday I witnessed a hectic 
bridge game in Janie Koes' apartment. 
Mr. Hoyle would have turned over in 
his grave. The players were North, Miss 
Ya Ching; South, Colday Leong; East, 
Howard Low; West, Edward Leong. East 
and West had the bid six diamonds dou- 
bled by South. West after being volun- 
tarily coached by kibitzer Janie Koe, 
who, by the way, had seen Easts hand. 
Not to be outdone, the opponents spoke 
rather freely of their holdings, too. P. S. 
They were set one and everybody was 
practically rolling on the floor after the 
game. 

• • 

At a party someone asked, "What is 
it that most men like a salami sandwich?" 
To which, this prompt reply: "I guess 
because it is spicy" (or have you another 
reason?) . 

• • 
JACK ENG USES NOODLE 

This fellow Jack Eng sure used his 
noodle when he drove all the way from 
San Francisco to Augusta, Georgia, to 
marry his sweetheart, Miss Mable Lum 
formerly a San Francisco resident. Mr. 
Eng is the owner of the Canton Noodle 
factory. 

Last Friday Mr. Eng gave a house- 
warming party at the new apartment. A 
large number of his friends attended. 



MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN 

The annual membership campaign for 
1935 was officially launched on Nov. 15, 
at a tea given by G. B. Lau, president of 
the Chinese Y. M. C. A. Consul General 
Huang and General Tu Ting Hsiu gave 
encouraging and inspiring talks. An- 
nouncement of the plans for the cam- 
paign was given by T. Y. Tang, exeu- 
tive secretary. The meeting was attended 
by leading business men and members 
of the board of management of the Y. 
M. C. A., who are all on the campaign 
committee. 

A campaign rally was held at the great 
China theatre on Nov. 16. The program 
was presided over by G. B. Lau, and 
speeches were made by Consul General 
Huang, honorary chairman of the cam- 
paign General Tu Ting Hsiu, chairman 
of the campaign, and T. Y. Tang, execu- 
tive secretary. 

The entertainment included vocal 
solos by Miss Li Ti Ming and William 
Law; a colorful girls ' yeong cum 
octette", sword, big knife, and spear 
shadow exhibition, harmonica music, 
tumbling, and boxing and wrestling 
matches. One of the most entertaining 
feature was "Man Mountain Stanford 
Fong", who puffed himself up to double 
his normal size. 

Henry S. Tom, activities director at 
the Y. M. C. A. is available for further 
information in regard to Y. M. C. A. 
activities. 

• • 

Friends of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Mew 
were entertained in their new home on 
Johns Street Thursday evening, Novem- 
ber 14. They spent the evening playing 
bridge and ma jongg. Present were Mrs. 
Mew's mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Ng, 
Mr. and Mrs. Earl Louie, Mr. Kern Loo. 
and Miss Daisy K. Wong. 

• • 

Isn't it strange that May Wong, who 
never played bridge before, began play- 
ing soon after she won two decks of 
cards playing cards at the "965" Hallow- 
e'en Card party? Could it be that the 
free cards influenced her to start? Or is 
it because, "If my boy friend can play, it 
must be a simple game?" 

mi,.iijiiinmuuui,ni.,iu,iuiiu,ii.ninniuinu.iuiini..iinMiii.ui,.i.uiiiiiii i uiU ! 

LAWRENCE MAH 
• Insurance 

315 Montgomery St. 
San Francisco . California 

niMMimrimmm.mi.i.m.ni.TiiMm.r.mnrmm.iumi nrm.tumtiiitminiTiin 



MOTHERS PROMOTE 
BAZAAR 

A welfare bazaar for the needy chil- 
dren of the Washington School in Ber- 
keley was held November 14. 

Five Chinese mothers were responsible 
for the success of the bazaar. They not 
only assisted in selling but also financed 
it. The mothers are Mrs. On L. Lee, 
Mrs. Raymond Jee, Mrs. Young Jee, Mrs. 
Fong, and Mrs. Henry Poye. 

• • 

OAKLAND DANCE A SUCCESS 

With an attendance of more than 300 
people, the Tenth Annual Dance of the 
Young Chinese Athletic Club was a huge 
success. The dance was held at the Hotel 
Oakland. Much of the credit for a well- 
planned dance is due Joe Lee, chairman. 

• • 

ALBERT LEE MING DIES 

Albert Lee Ming passed away last Sat- 
urday night. November 16, at the San 
Francisco Hospital. His death was at- 
tributed to double pneumonia. 

Lee, who was 3 1 years of age, attended 
the University of Kansas. He was a 
charter member as well as one of the 
original founders of the local Wah Ying 
Club, of which he was secretary up to the 
time of his death. 

He is survived by his father, a sister 
in China, a widow, and three children. 

• • 

OPENS BEAUTY SHOP 
IN HONOLULU 

Amy Sue Leong. who returned to 
Honolulu after graduating from a beauty 
culture school in San Francisco, has 
opened a beauty shop there. She went 
into partnership with Mrs. Bertha Char, 
who also came to San Francisco to take 
up cosmetology. The shop is located in 
Mrs. Char's home in Honolulu. 

• • 

The senior boys of the Chung Mei 
Home of El Cerrito, attended a Hal- 
lowe'en masquerade party, given by the 
Ming Quong Home girls. The prize 
for the best masquerade was won bv 
Jack Wong for his almost perfect imi- 
tation of Emperor Haile Helassie of 
Ethiopia. 

It is of significant interest that the 
polo team of the Chinese Thirty-second 
Army has been invited to the Philippines 
to play a series with the U. S. Armv 
poloists and the Manila Polo Club in 
February. The Chinese team is coached 
by Mr. T. F. Neppo, a Russian. General 
Shang Chew is in command of the Thirtv- 
second Army team 






November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



CHINATOWNIA 



Entertains 
ornians 



Califi 



Portland, Oregon., Nov. 22 — Mrs. 
Stanley Chin was hostess last Tuesday 
flight at a charming house party ex- 
tended to General Tu, Max Siegel, 
Chingwah Lee, and Paul Muni, the actor, 
when they sojourned in Portland looking 
for talent for M-G-M's coming super- 
spectacle, "Good Earth." 

Mrs. Chin displayed some rare old 
woodcut prints depicting the life of 
Confucius. Last year Mrs. Chin escorted 
a party of ten leading American women 
of Portland to visit the Orient. She is 
planning another trip in the near future 
and this time she will devote attention to 
the collecing of antiques and objects of 



Portland Personals 

Miss Eva Moe and her violin is now a 
full fledged assistant to Mrs. Stanley 
Chin in the Girl Reserves Club as well 
as a leading spirit in the glee club and 
choir activity. 

• • 

Miss Frances Lee, who sailed for China 
a year ago returned on the President Mc- 
Kinley on the 13th of this month. She 
was greeted at the pier by many friends. 
Miss Lee will resume her studies this 
Spring. 

• • 

Of the 14 Chinese students now study- 
ing in the State of Oregon, nine are in 
the Portland Agricultural College. 

• • 

Mr. Charles Luck, Portland's popular 
sportsman and social worker, is operating 
a prosperous pet fish shop. The display 
has aroused favorable comment among 
fanciers in Washington and Oregon. 

• • 

Portland Scouts 
Becoming Leaders 

Portland, Ore., Nov. 22 — Portland's 
Chinese Boy Scout Troop, organized six 
months ago, is composed entirely of high 
school boys. Although they have passed 
the scouting age they are doggedly learn- 
ing the various lessons and passing 
their second class tests with the idea of 
becoming equipped to train younger 
boys. 

"As a leader training unit this troop 
is already making its influence felt in 
Chinatown. They insist on true sports- 
menship in athletics, scholarship in edu- 
cation, and citizenship in their activity, 
said an American Scout official. 



Modern Chinese Girls 
Are Natural Leaders 

The young women of present-day 
China are remarkable for their high qual- 
ity of leadership, and this leadership is 
nowhere more evident than in the 
Y. W. C. A. branches in the country, 
which are rapidly becoming all-Chinese 
in their personnel. 

Such was the interesting portion of a 
talk delivered by Mrs. Frederic M. Paist, 
President of the National Board of the 
Y. W. C. A., to more than 160 people at 
a membership supper given by the Chi- 
nese Y. W. C. A. on November 14. This 
supper was arranged as the observance 
by the local association of World Fellow- 
ship Week, and was attended by mem- 
bers from many nationality groups, in- 
cluding Italians,, Japanese, Negroes, Rus- 
sians, and Germans. 

"We never seem to exhaust the possi- 
bility of variety in a Y. W. C. A. mem- 
bership," said Mrs. Paist. In the course 
of her talk she also spoke on the ever- 
widening circle of the Y. W. C. A. 
movement, and of the significance of 
membership in such an organization. 

The supper was served by members of 
the Girls' Reserves, and entertainment 
consisted of community singing and a 
dance drama by the Business and Indus- 
try Section. 

• • 

Likes Digest 

Dr. Edgar Lee, well known business 
leader of Portland, Oregon, is a great 
admirer of the Chinese Digest. 

"The Chinese Digest presents all the 
important Chinese news in an under- 
standing, interesting manner. We have 
decided to make the Chinese Digest the 
official medium on which our members 
of the Wah Kaing Club will conduct their 
weekly current event forum. 

"The Chinese Digest fulfils an import- 
ant social need from a Chinese view- 
point. We will be informed of what's 
going on among our fellowmen in Amer- 
ica. Thru the Chinese Digest we can even 
plan athletic meets, social functions, 
and inter-state conventions." 

Dr. Edgar Lee is remembered as one 
of six bold Oregonians who invaded Cali- 
fornia two years ago on a goodwill tennis 
tour. His drug store is the "social center" 
of Portland's famous Chinatown. 

Jessie's Beauty Shop 

1122 Powell St. CHina 1622 



FIRECRACKERS 

Dear Editor: 

Do you know that the Chinese in San 
Francisco have one of the biggest attrac- 
tions in this colorful city? San Fran- 
cisco's Chinatown is known throughout 
the world as testified by the fact that a 
great number of world travelers come to 
"look-see" in our section of the city. In 
a conversation with one of the boys who 
works for a tourist bureau, I found that 
he has taken many people from other 
countries, such as India Canada, Aus- 
tralia, France, Italy, Germany, England, 
and Denmark through our Chinatown. 

It is a sad thing that many of our na- 
tive born Chinese know so little of their 
own Chinatown. How many of them 
have visited a Chinese temple and know 
the facts about the religious symbolisms 
as practiced there; the telephone office is 
another show place where visitors are at- 
tracted, and yet few Chinese know of its 
history. 

We who live here should take more 
interest in our home products, as there is 
more or less of a gold mine in Chinatown, 
for if there wasn't no Japanese would 
locate his store in Chinatown. 

Very often a Chinese is accosted in 
these street by a tourist and asked about 
the location of certain business houses, 
and usually they are treated with com- 
plete indifference. The very least they 
can do is to direct them to a Chinese 
store that they may have the benefit of 
the lucrative business that the tourist may 
bring. And chances are, that tourist 
would rather buy Chinese merchandise. 

What we need is more interest in what 
is going on in our section of the city a 
retention of the quaintness of our stores 
and a knowledge, willingness and readi- 
ness to courteously direct visitors. 

Bau Wau. 

BERKELEY A. C. 
ENTERTAINS 

Playing host to approximately fifty 
persons the Berkeley Chinese Athletic 
Club held a card party at the Chinese 
Congregational Church, 1919 Addison 
Street, Berkeley, Friday evening, Novem- 
ber 15. There were three tables playing 
Ma Jongg, two domino tables, and nine 
tables of bridge. A box of candy was 
the prize for the best player at each 
table. In the absence of the President, 
Homer Lee, Vice President Wing Get Jue 
welcomed the guests. The chairman of 
the evening was Hong Lee. 






Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



HOW CHINA COT IT'S NAME 



By Dr. Henry H. Hart 



The Greeks have never called their 
country Greece, the Germans have 
never called their country Germany, and 
the Chinese have never called their coun- 
try China. 

The Chinese have had many names 
for their great country. One of them was 
"T'ien Hsia," meaning "under heaven." 
Another was "Seu Hai Wei," or 'within 
the four seas.' The present official name 
is 'Chung Wah Min Kuo,'," "the Middle 
Flowery People's Country." 

The commonest name of all is "Chung 
Kuo," the "Middle Kingdom," because 
the Chinese, like the ancient Romans, 
believed for many centuries that their 
country was the center of the world, the 
only civilized country surrounded by na- 
tions of ignorant barbarians. How then 
did this country get the name we apply 
to it, and to the porcelain and dinner- 
ware which are so indispensable to us 
in our everyday life? 

Third Century B. C. 

In the third century before the Chris- 
tian era there was a little, insignificant 
state far out on the edge of the Chinese 
Empire, and a neighbor of the Mongol 
and Tartar tribes of the deserts of Cen- 
tral Asia. It was called the State of 
Ch'in. 

The imperial dynasty of Chou was 
weak and decrepit and was unable to 
hold its great feudal lords in effective 
control. Its power was getting less and 
less every year, and the feudal lords were 
becoming more and more independent 
and unruly, until at last each ruled his 
territory like an independent king. When 
they were not quarreling with each other 
they were at outs with the impotent Im- 
perial government. The wily Ch'in rulers 
saw their chance to do some profitable 
fishing in those troubled waters. 

Ancient Brain Trust 

Of mixed Tartar and Chinese blood, 
they were not held back by tradition, as 
were the other states of Chow. Instead 
of giving power to inefficient nobles they 
called the best brains from all over China 
to serve them. From their constant wars 
with the Tartar tribes they had' built up 
a strong and mighty army, able to meet 
any other in the field. The rulers of 
the other six states of the empire saw 
their danger, and tried to unite, but it 
was too late. 

The last weak emperor of the house 
of Chou called on the six states to 
aid him in controlling the arrogant 
Ch'ins. Moving swiftly the Ch'ins 



Dr. Henry H. Hart has long 
been devoted to studies in the field 
of Chinese art and culture. His ac- 
tivity has taken the form of wide 
reading in the languages, scholar- 
ly research in almost all fields of 
Oriental culture, and travel. After 
his early education, which included 
training in letters and in law at the 
University of California, which 
granted him the degree of Doctor 
of Jurisprudence, Dr. Hart went 
to China, where he studied under 
native instructors. Within the last 
fifteen years, he has repeatedly 
visited the Orient and so continued 
his work. His scholarly ability has 




DR. HENRY H. HART 

brought him recognition in the 
form of two decorations — Cheva- 
lier of the Order of the White 
Elephant, and Officer of the Order 
of the Dragon of Annam. He was 
recently appointed a University of 
California lecturer on the civiliza- 
tion of China. He is the author 
of "A Chinese Market," a book 
of translations of Chinese poems 
together with the original texts, 
issued both in San Francisco and 
in Peking; translations of Chinese 
poems, in various magazines; and 
magazine articles on Oriental 
subjects. 



swooped down on the capital, seized the 
emperor and declared their leader, Prince 
Ch'eng, emperor. He was then a boy of 
13 and was controlled by a regent, but 
at the age of 2, he gathered into his 
own hands the reins of power, and be- 
came absolute ruler of one of the great- 
est empires the world has ever seen. 

One after another he subdued his 
rivals, and after them the border tribes 
which were constantly threatening the 
northern frontiers. 



Great Wall of China 

To make his victory certain, and to 
secure peace for his people, Ch'eng built 
the mightiest structure ever erected by 
the hand of man — the Great Wall of 
China. 

If an inhabitant of Mars were to come 
down to earth, the first handiwork of 
man to meet his eye would be this great 
wall. From twenty to thirty feet high, 
wide enough ot drive three automobiles 
abreast on the top, grounded in massive 
granite, it winds its way for over 1,500 
miles from Shan riai Kuan on the Gulf 
of Pei Chi Li along the northern boun- 
daries of the empire to the borders of 
Tibet. With its twists and turns over 
the highest mountains and through the 
deep valleys, leaping of streams and des- 
erts, it lies like a writhing dragon guard- 
ing his native land from the attacks of 
the outer barbarians. 

Million Prisoners Labor 

Counting its branches and extensions, 
it is over 10,500 miles long, with 40-foot 
watch towers, two bowshots apart and 
outer towers at its weakest points. Twenty 
years were spent in its construction, 
and over a million men contributed 
their utmost efforts. Criminals and rebels 
were sentenced to work on the wall. The 
emperor's own son was exiled there for 
remonstrating to his father for his 
cruelty. Countless laborers died from ex- 
haustion, exposure and severe treatment. 
Their bodies were thrown for burial into 
the wall itself, so that some Chinese his- 
torians have spoken of it as "the longest 
cemetery in the world."' When it was 
finished, the pyramids of Egypt were 
pigmies in comparison. Though it was 
not proof against cannon or attack in 
great force, it served for hundreds of 
years as an effective barrier to the at- 
tacks of marauding tribes and bandits, 
and was kept in good repair as late as the 
time of Christopher Columbus. 
270 Palaces 

When he had finished this work the 
emperor decreed that the ruler of such 
an empire as his should have a name 
worthy of his country, so he took as his 
name "Ch'in Shih Huang Ti." The first 
word is "Ch'in," the mme of his native 
state. "Shih" means first, as he declared 
that he was the "first" real emperor in 
history. "Huang Ti" means "excellent,"' 
"august" or "autocrat." He took this I 
name from that of the old legendary and I 
sacred rulers of the Chinese. He built I 
palaces all over the empire, 270 being I 
erected in his capital alone. One of them 
(Continued to Page 15) 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



W I N C S TO C H I N A 

Story of the Development of the Greatest Aviation Project, the Crossing 
of the Pacific By Aeroplane and the Linking of China with the United States 



High above the age-old trade routes that 
historic, fast-sailing "Yankee Clippers" 
of a century ago blazed to the teeming 
markets on the China Seas, giant flying 
clipper ships of a new generation will 
soon be roaring through an aerial chan- 
nel between the New World and the Old 
to signalize man's amazing conquest of 
an ocean — the dream of aviation since 
the Wright brothers. 

From San Francisco Bay 9000 miles 
to the muddy yellow waters of the Canton 
River that swirls about the world ports 
of far-off Southern China, aerial pioneers 
have completed the last span in an in- 
credible aerial bridge. Soon now the big 
four-engined 25-ton Pan American Clip- 
pers will be shuttling back and forth with 
clock-like regularity, changing, as they 
fly, the time-concept of the world, shrink- 
ing the vast Pacific to a seventh of its 
normal size. 

Overnight to Hawaii. Four days to 
Manila. Mail, passengers, and express 
will be landed in China in less time than 
it would take them to cross the United 
States by rail only a decade ago. 

What this will mean to the future 
course of American trade, American 
travel habits, the closer understanding 
among peoples half the world away from 
each other, anyone can conjecture. What 
few people do know, however, is the 
story of the sheer pioneering, the tre- 
mendous expenditure of effort and re- 
sources required to make this new trade 
route possible. Already the public seems 
ready to accept this revolutionary change 
as casually as it does electric refrigeration, 
air conditioning, radio or any of the 
other wonders of our incredible age. 
A Pioneering Saga 

Yet the story of the four years of de- 
velopment behind this bold pioneering is 
as thrilling as that of the building of the 
first trans-continental railway that ended 
forever the isolation of our own East 
and West. 

Early in 1931 three men met in an 
office high up in a New York skyscraper 
to block out the general plan of the pro- 
ject. Those who knew them would have 
said they measured up to their task. One 
was Juan Trippe, youthful president of 
Pan American Airways, which even then 
was operating more than 25,000 miles of 
important aerial trade routes between the 
Americas. Another was Andre Priester, 
the line's brilliant chief engineer. The 
third was Col. Charles A. Lindbergh. 

This much they knew at the outset, and 



By WILLIAM VAN DUSEN 

This is the day. Today America wilt 
swing into action an airway to the 
Orient — a nine thousand mile aerial 
trade route across the vast Pacfic Ocean 
that bids fair to affect the course of 
world affairs by changing, from 
twenty-eight days to sixty brief flying 
hours, the interval between the West- 
ern World and the far-off Orient; that 
will give American commerce a high 
road to the billion dollar markets of 
the teeming East, and make neighbors 
of peoples half the world apart. 

This is the first of five articles which 
tell, for the first time, of the remark- 
able organization and planning behind 
this ocean-bridging airway; of its pio- 
neering; the ships and men that are to 
be geared to the task; what the service 
is to be, and some of the effects of this 
new. dynamic link between the hemis- 
pheres. 

it inspired the whole train of their plan- 
ning: If they could not devise means of 
building an American airline to Asia, 
America's bid for a share of the ten bil- 
lion dollar trade of the Orient would 
soon face a hopeless obstacle. For even 
then four long airplane lines had been 
started from Europe, reaching out across 
country after country, all racing toward 
the Far East. Soon European trade 
would be flowing to Eastern Asia in half 
the three weeks interval it takes to travel 
from our West Coast to China by the best 
steamer service. 

Spread out before the three planners 
as though to emphasize the formidability 
of their project, was a huge map of the 
Pacific. They talked long hours of gen- 
eral features, then broke up to meet again 
and again through succeeding weeks. 

Soon the great chart had been covered 
with a spider web of lines tracing pro- 
posed routes by this or that chain of 
island stepping-stones. Finally it became 
obvious that the best route between Cali- 
fornia and the coast of China lay by 
way of a series of island stations, all of 
them by some queer chance of imperial 
destiny possessions of the United States — 
Hawaii, Midway, Wake, Guam. 

Task Challenged Imagination 

But what a challenge that 9,000-mile 
route presented, even after it had been 
broken into a half dozen stages ! 

The first of them, 2400 miles between 



San Francisco and Hawaii, would be the 
longest — longer than any open-water 
stretch on any ocean trade route. And 
in 1931 no seaplane had yet been built 
that could fly that far with even a safe 
fuel reserve, let alone a commercial load. 

To build the string of island bases 
would be another colossal task in itself. 
Midway for example, was merely a cable 
station; Wake, an uninhabited coral atoll 
a thousand miles from its nearest neigh- 
bor. 

No methods of navigation were then 
available for aircraft use which would 
give the absolute precision needed for 
commercial operation over trackless 
stretches of ocean. 

Finally, no pilots had ever been trained 
to the high levels of the skill that con- 
stant trans-oceanic flying would require. 
No ground organization existed prepared 
to back them from such widely scattered 
bases. 

Planes, bases, navigation systems, or- 
ganization, each one meant a major un- 
dertaking. How the first three tasks were 
carried to successful terminations is told 
in accompanying articles. Enough alone 
to engage our interest in this one is the 
long campaign of training Pan American 
set up for its personnel. 

Working Laboratory Set Up 

Early in those preliminary discussions 
of four years ago, Priester answered for 
the men and organization when they 
would be needed. And he did so con- 
fidently because he knew to the last detail 
every phase of what American pilots and 
technicians had already accomplished in 
Latin America. 

In three years he had seen the Pan 
American System grow from a short air 
mail route between Key West and Havana 
into a complex network that ran from 
Texas down the mountainous backbone 
of Central and South America to Chile, 
then eastward across the Andes to the 
Argentine; that connected Cuba with 
Eastern South America by way of the 
Caribbean islands and with Panama by 
way of Yucatan; that ran from Panama 
across the northern coast of South Am- 
erica, thence down the Atlantic seaboard 
of Brazil and Uruguay. 

Each one of those lines had presented 
severe and unprecedented problems of 
airport construction, of organization, of 
flight technique, of maintenance. The 
land plane routes in the west lay through 
primitive, rugged country. The line had 
had to perfect a system of supply for its 
(Continued to Page 14) 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, #2.00; Per copy, 5c 

Not responsible for contributions 
unaccompanied by return postage 

STAPF 

CHING WAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY Associate Editor 

FRED GEORGE WOO Sports 

CLARA CHAN Fashions 

ETHEL LUM Sociology 

ROBERT G. POON Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising 



Exploit Chinatown? 

A group of Eastern capitalists are contemplating 
the erection of a "Little China" in one corner of China- 
town to catch the unwary 1938 exposition visitor. This 
group would put a fence around one corner of China- 
town, perhaps somewhere near the old Barbary Coast, 
and thus cash in on an historic landmark which has 
taken the Chinese more than three generations to build. 

The Japanese have already taken the southern 
half of Chinatown — our best bazaar section — and we 
are reminded what harm is being done our bazaars 
when cheap imitations and flimsy curios flood Grant 
Avenue. It remains now for these Easterners to take 
the northern half and the Chinese goose would be well 
barbequed. 

Long Fingered Mandarins 

We must make haste to inform our city officials 
that we do not contemplate having outsiders represent 
us. These easterner adventurers cannot adequately 
portray our customs, habits, and culture. Their one 
aim would be to extract money from tourists at our 
expense. At best they will arrive at a Hollywood 
version of long-fingered Mandarins chasing sing-song 
girls across a chop suey joint. We are tired of comedies. 

We look forward to the time when our own 
generation will sponsor some projects for the coming 
San Francisco Exposition which will be remunerative 
to the originators and educational to the public. Such 
endeavors would also give employment to the Chinese 
and incentive for other projects to follow. 

Meanwhile we must post up a warning sign: Keep 
Chinatown Chinese. All San Francisco is behind us 
in this desire. It remains for us to roll up our sleeves. 

Toi Shan 

In Toi-Shan District, Kwangtung Province, which 
can safely be said that almost one-third of the Chinese 
in America claim as their ancestral hearth, a census 
was recently conducted by the provincial government. 
At its completion it was revealed that more than one 
million people inhabit that one Section. Overseas 
Chinese from the British Straits Settlement, the Dutch 
and British East Indies, the Philippines, Australia, and 
from the United States and Canada, who have returned 
there in recent years, due to the world-wide economic 
depression, constitute, together with their descendants, 
a significant proportion of the population. And their 
economic power and political influence are proportion- 
ately greater than their number. 



Hospital Centennial 

The humanitarian work of a young American 
Protestant minister who was credited with being the 
first medical missionary to China was recalled recently 
when the Opthalmic Hospital in Canton celebrated the 
one hundredth year of its founding. 

Dr. Peter Parker, the founder of this hospital, 
served China and his own country well, for he lived at 
a time when America was just discovering the possi- 
bilities of the China trade. His career revealed a truly 
useful life: Born in Framingham, Mass., he graduated 
from Yale Medical and Divinity Schools in 1834, and 
was ordained a Presbyterian minister the same year 
in Philadelphia. At that time the work of missionaries 
in China was severely restricted by Imperial orders, but 
nevertheless young Dr. Parker sailed for Canton. 
There, because of religious persecution of foreign mis- 
sionaries, he was forced to flee to Singapore, where he 
learned the Chinese language and conducted a small 
dispensary. In 1835 he went back to Canton, and, aided 
by British and American merchants, opened a dispen- 
sary which later became the Ophthalmic Hospital. 
Later, Dr. Parker served as secretary to Caleb Cushing 
in negotiating the first treaty between the United States 
and China, and subsequently became American Com- 
missioner and Minister. He died in 1888 in his eighty- 
fourth year, but the work which he started and which 
is his chief claim to distinction, is still being carried on 
at the Ophthalmic Hospital in Canton. 

Dragon Dance 

A fortnight ago the Boston Tuberculosis Associa- 
tion conducted a typically Chinese program to raise 
funds for the maintenance of its free clinic in that city's 
Chinatown. A dragon dance was given throughout the 
streets of the Chinese community, and each store and 
home that the dragon passed contributed a sum to 
'appease the dragon's hunger". Fifteen girls bearing 
flower baskets followed the dragon in its meahderings 
in the city streets, and obtained more money from spec- 
tators by selling flowers; while in the clinic tea and 
Chinese pastries were served to visitors. 

This captivating idea could well be duplicated in 
San Francisco's Chinatown by the local branch of the 
California Tuberculosis Association to raise funds in 
helping to provide examinations and treatments to 
Chinese tubercular and near-tubercular persons. At 
present facilities are still lacking for this purpose despite 
the existence of the Chinese Hospital and the Public 
Health Center in Chinatown. 

The Chinatown clinic maintained by the Boston 
Tuberculosis Association provides examinations and 
treatments for an average of more than 400 persons 
annually. 

Overseas Chinese Schools 

The Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission of the 
Chinese National Government recently made an appro- 
priation of $200,000 to aid in the education of young 
nationals in all parts of the world, and also concur- 
rently to conduct a new census of the number of Chi- 
nese language schools outside China and the number 
of pupils therein. 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 9 



BOOKS 



By William Hoy 



f The Sino-Japanese Controversy 
and the League of Nations.' 

By Westel W. Willoughby, Baltimore: 
Johns Hopkins Press. 

The Counsel to the Chinese Embassy 
at Washington, until recently Professor 
of Political Science at Johns Hopkins 
University, has collected and arranged 
all the existing pertinent and important 
documents relating to the Manchurian 
affair. Although the League finally be- 
came powerless in curbing Japans' inva- 
sion into Chinese territory, the facts pres- 
ented in this book condemns Japan in 
no uncertain terms. It also revealed 
that China had based her hope on the 
League to settle this imbroglio, but was 
rewarded with a helpless gesture and 
given to understand that she herself must 
utilize her own resources to thresh out 
this problem with her aggressive, militar- 
istic neighbor. Valuable is the author's 
concluding reflections giving his own in- 
terpretations of the events leading up to 
and after September 18, 1931, and his 
analysis of League jurisprudence and the 
League's effectiveness as the international 
guardian of the political rights of all 
nations. 

• • 

Chinese Jade 

by Frank Davis. Tewin, Wood, Welwyn, 
Herts. London. 

A thoroughly valuable and informa- 
tive book discussing the nature and Chi- 
nese love of jade. The author traces the 
history of jade from the Chou dyn- 
asty (1122-255 B. C.) through the "clas- 
sical age of Jade" of the Han and Sung 
periods down to the reign of the Emper- 
or Chi'en Lung of the Manchu dynasty 
(1736-96). It is well illustrated with 
many plates. Except for the portions 
where the author veered off too far with 
his personal opinions, which were a lit- 
tle too far-fetched, this book should ap- 
peal to all lovers and collectors of Chi- 
nese Jade. 

• • 

The Chinese Festive Board 

by Corinne Lamb. Peiping: The French 
Bookstore. Chinese, $6. 

The author, after living 20 years in 
China and during that time becoming a 
connoisseur of Chinese cooking, gives the 
recipes of 50 Celestial dishes which she 
considers the best from the standpoint 
both of taste and digestion. The book is 
illustrated and has instructions on the 
dexterous art of manipulating chop-sticks 
and on the method of drinking Chinese 
wine. This last may sound a little odd 
to Westerners, until it is explained that 

Xm ■ 



wine drinking is a cultivated art with the 
Chinese. 

Chinese and English Modern 
Military Dictionary: 

5,500 Army, Navy, Air Technical Terms. 
Compiled by Capt. J. V. Davidson-Hous- 
ton and Lt. R. V. Dewar-Durie. Illus- 
trated appendices of Naval and Military 
Badges of Rank. Issued under the Pat- 
ronage of H. E. Marshal Chang Hseuh 
Liang. Peiping: French Bookstore. 

A much needed Chinese-English and 
English-Chinese compilation of modern 
military terms which has confused the 
average newspaper reader for many 
years. Especially valuable to journalists 
and writers dealing with events in China 
and things Chinese. 

• • 

Gateway to Oldest Asia 

By William Hoy 

For those who find their greatest 
pleasure in the reading of descriptions 
and stories of travel and explorations in 
remote and unfamiliar places of the 
Orient they will find an interesting and 
well-written article in the November 
issue of "Travel." 

"Gateway to Oldest Asia" is the title, 
and it is written, or rather typewritten, 
by Edgar Snow. Mr. Snow is a seasoned 
newspaperman who has a flair for digging 
out interesting and dramatic things to 
write about. Formerly on the staff of the 
"Shanghai China Weekly Review," he 
is now a roving journalist. 
Yunnanfu 
"Gateway to Oldest Asia" describes a 
journey to one of China's least known 
provinces, Yunnanfu. This most south- 
westerly province of China is interest- 
ing for many good reasons. For one 
thing, Great Britain and France are 
each trying to gain as much control over 
the southwest portions of this province as 
it is politically expedient to do. The 
Chinese Government is quite aware of 
these two nations' imperialistic designs, 
but Nanking is having enough on its 
hands attempting to consolidate the in- 
terior provinces, preventing on the one 
hand the spread of present communist 
uprisings, and on the other the mercen- 
ary Japanese. 

Yunnan is one of the richest provinces 
in mineral wealth, which is a primary 
factor inspiring British and French secret 
acquisition of its territory. It has an 
abundance of copper and tin, and lesser 
minerals. 

Unexplored Territory 
Because the province is almost entirely 



"Secrets of Chinatown" 

As recently as 1934 it was reported in 
a local American daily that two Iowa 
school teachers, embarking on a China- 
town tour, demanded recommendations 
'from the manager of the Chinatown 
Trade and Travel Bureau before doing 
so. 

"We've heard about those slave girls," 
they were reported to have said. "We 
don't want to be kidnaped and made 
sing-song girls." (See feature article en- 
titled "Welcome, Stranger!" in San 
Francisco News, October 10, 1934). 

This is a typical example of many dis- 
torted notions about Chinatown which 
is still prevalent among well-meaning 
Americans whose knowledge of the Chi- 
nese is gained through hair-raising fic- 
tion of the Fu-Manchu variety, through 
occasional reports of wrong doings and 
tong troubles in newspapers which are 
always magnified out of all proportion 
to their importance and news-worthiness; 
and last but not least, through the depic- 
tion on the cinema screen of the "heathen 
(Continued to Page 12) 

mountainous — the off-shoots of the 
mighty Himalayas are partly responsible 
for this — most of the southwestern ter- 
ritory is inaccessible, and therefore some 
parts of the province are as yet unex- 
plored. This fact alone makes Yunnan 
a magnet for hardy explorers. 

Since the division of Szechwan sev- 
eral years ago, Yunnan now becomes the 
largest province in China, and, with the 
exception of Kansu, also the least popu- 
lated, having only 58 inhabitants per 
square mile. 

Furthermore, only half the population 
of the province are Chinese; the remain- 
der is made up of more than 200 tribes 
or divisions of aboriginals, chief of 
which are the Miao, Lolo, Chungchia, 
with a sprinkling of Tibetan and Bur- 
mese elements. And the purest Mandarin 
dialect outside of Peiping is spoken by 
the Chinese in Yunnan — a remarkable 
fact. 

Elephants 
One last interesting fact: Yunnan is 
the only province in China which has 
elephants. 

All the above description of Yunnan's 
interesting factors are not culled from 
Mr. Snow's article. In "Gateway to Old- 
est Asia" he gives you a first hand look 
at the province and shows you many 
more interesting and worthwhile glimpses 
of "the land south of the clouds" — literal 
interpretation of the two characters 
which make up the wotd Yun-nan. 



Page 10 



CHINESE DIC EST 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DURING DEPRESSION 



By Ethel Lum 

Since March of 1931, when the first 
Chinese family applied for unemploy- 
ment relief, the number of Chinese in 
San Francisco receiving assistance from 
the State Relief Administration has 
grown to approximately 2300, almost 
one-sixth of the entire Chinese popula- 
tion of San Francisco. This relief load 
consists of approximately 350 families, 
25 unmarried women, and 500 unmar- 
ried men. 

The relief originally took the form of 
groceries sent from a local Chinese food 
store to the families, a basket once a week 
for the large families, once in two weeks 
for the smaller families. The amount 
and type of food was carefully arranged 
and selected to offer the most nutritional 
values. In addition, milk was delivered 
daily. To permit a free selection of food, 
a system of weekly orders or vouchers 
was attempted in October, 1933. The 
food orders were called for and taken to 
the various stores to be filled as wished. 
Cash Relief Now 
Cash relief, introduced in San Fran- 
cisco in February, 1934, is now the sole 
form of assistance. A weekly check is 
sent to each family or single individual, 
the amount of which provides for ex- 
penditures for food, rent, utilities, and 
clothing, budgeted on the number of per- 
sons in the household. In addition, sur- 
plus food commodities and surplus cloth- 
ing are periodically distributed. Provi- 
sion for medical care is centralized in a 
Central Medical Bureau, to which agency 
all requests for medical assistance are re- 
ferred, and where minor ailments are 
treated. More serious or specialized 
cases are referred to other private or pub- 
lic clinics in the city. 

The Chinese social service staff num- 
bers eleven workers, seven women and 
four men. The case aides (visitors) have 
at least one contact a month with each 
case, generally a visit in the home. Not 
only do the workers assist in the dispens- 
ing of financial assistance, but they also 
attempt to aid their clients to adjust to 
their environment, physically, mentally 
and emotionally. Because of language 
difficulties and differences in habits and 
customs, the Chinese on relief have always 
received special consideration, and have 
been treated fairly and justly. They receive 
identically the same allowance for food as 
do the white families; whereas in several 
counties in California, Chinese and other 
racial groups, Filipino, Mexican, etc., are 
accorded a lower food budget, a difference 
of from 10 to 20 per cent, on the belief 



that these racial groups have less expen- 
sive diets. 

Relief Classified 

A recent study of the occupational his- 
tory of the heads of families revealed that 
the greater part of these family men were 
formerly employed as cooks and business 
men. Among the single men, a more un- 
stable group of workers, a majority of 
them were previously engaged as seasonal 
workers, laundrymen, and cooks. The 
following list will give a comparative 
study of the occupations of both types 
of men and occupations: 

Farm or seasonal workers, single men, 
25.5 per cent; family men 8.8 per cent. 
Laundry workers, single, 21.3 per cent; 
family, 3.4 per cent. Cooks, family and 
hotel, 15.2 per cent; family, 20.4 per cent. 
Kitchen helpers and waiters, single, 14.1 
per cent; family, 8.3 per cent. Semi-skilled 
workers: garment makers, printers, broom- 
makers, tinsmiths, single, 9.4 per cent; 
family, 16.8 per cent. Housemen, janitors, 
gardeners, single, 5.7 per cent; family, 
9 per cent. Clerks, office aides, salesmen, 
single, 5.7 per cent; family, 17.1 per cent. 
Business operators, single, 2.1 per cent; 
family, 12.3 per cent. Professionals: 
teachers, laboratory technicians, single, 
1 per cent; family, 3.9 per cent. 

Improper Housing 

Aside from unemployment, the most 
serious problem confronted in this relief 
population is that of improper housing, 
with its injurious implications with regard 
to health. The stuation is complicated by 
the high rentals in Chinatown and by the 
lack of buildings in the vicinity of the com- 
munity into which the families can move. 
A recent investigation of housing condi- 
tions among 119 relief families showed 
that these families, with 622 individuals, 
live in only 268 rooms, or an average of 
2.2 persons to a room. This figure of 2.2 
does not begin to describe the inadequacy 
of the situation, since many of the rooms 
reported were merely cubicles or partitions 
not sufficiently large to comply with U. S. 
housing standards. The fact that out of 
1 19 families only 40 have private kitchens, 
and only 25 have private bathing facilities 
gives a better picture of the congested 
conditions. Considerable work has been 
done by the Chinese social service workers 
in encouraging and promoting better 
living conditions, and when one com- 
pares present conditions with those of 
ten years ago, one is struck by the no- 
ticeable difference. 

Health Standards Raised 

In general health habits, there has 
been a definite raise in standards. More 



contacts and greater acquaintance with 
the clinics hve lessened the distrust nd 
disdain of Western methods of medicine. 
The sick and bedridden are more willing 
to enter the public hospitals, no longer 
with fear of "not leaving them alive." 
The amount of milk now consumed by 
families on relief far surpasses the quan- 
tity previously consumed. One of the 
most gratifying responses to clinic care 
is the confidence shown by the Chinese 
mothers in the prenatal clinics. Over 
90 per cent of all child births and ma- 
ternity cases within relief families are 
taken care of by the prenatal clinics of 
the San Francisco Hospital in conjunc- 
tion with the Chinese branch of the 
board of health. Many of the mothers 
are even willing to have their babies de- 
livered in the hospital, there to remain 
the customary period of ten days. 

Moral Effect of Relief 
The question of whether public relief 
has had any moral effect upon the Chi- 
nese people may be answered in many 
different ways. There is discernable, 
however, a definite change of mental at- 
titude toward dependence upon public 
support. The Chinese as a race have 
always prided themselves for their inde- 
pendence and self-respect. They "dig 
their own wells, plow their own fields, 
and earn their own food and drink." The 
government does not owe them a living: 
it merely offers protection for them to 
labor in peace. As a result of the con- 
tinued acceptance of relief, there has de- 
veloped in the Chinese a changed attitude 
toward the entire situation. The first few 
families who found it necessary to accept 
relief were looked down upon as accept- 
ing "charity." Gradually, as the economic 
depression become more widespread and 
more people were compelled to seek pub- 
lic assistance, there came the recognition 
that it is the duty of the "public govern- 
ment," the great "wong gar," to provide 
for every one's needs. This recognition 
of a new "inalienable right," the right of 
an individual to indefinite support at 
public expense, is something foreign to 
the Chinese mind. 



Sal 



es 



Service 



FORD 



BEN CHEY 
REPAIR SHOP 

725 Pacific St. GAr. 4592 



November 22, 1935 



CHINE S E D I C EST 



Page 11 



FASHIONS 



Y. W. C. A. Fashion 
Show Brilliant 

Briltiant in new styles of Western 
dress and colorful with the hues of cere- 
monial gowns of past Chinese dynasties 
some of San Francisco Chinatown's pret- 
tiest girls passed in review in a fashion 
pageant before a vast throng at the Chi- 
nese Y. W. C. A. last Saturday night. 

It was Community Night. The spacious 
auditorium was packed with eager audit- 
ors. Young China was vociferous in its 
approval of the modern Western habili- 
ments of Fashion and the older people 
were graciously tolerant but visibly and 
smilingly pleased with the representation 
of silks, brocades and embroidery of the 
graceful garments of the old regime. 
Both groups were impressed by the 
wearers of the gowns for a more attrac- 
tive coterie of youthful Oriental beauty 
is rarely seen. 

Sequins Popular 

Although no just comparison could 
ever be made between Chinese fashion 
and fashion originated in Paris and 
Hollywood, yet a close similarity between 
the two was discernible. Among the latest 
gowns that were modeled the popular use 
of sequins was obvious. To the Chinese 
dressmakers, sequins were utilized more 
as a means for creative design and pat- 
tern to give individuality to the otherwise 
plain long dresses of today, but to coutour- 
iers of the West, brilliant and glamorous 
effects are achieved. 

With the increasing demand for dresses 
for the cocktail hour, Miss Grace Chew 
presented an excellent model of the cock- 
tail gown. It was in vermillion red, with 
cleverly cut sleeves that formed part of 
the neckline and the fullness of which 
was gathered at the wrist in a tight band. 
A skull cap, cocktail hats being indispens- 
able this season, made entirely of gold 
sequins was worn at a perky angle. 

Black Wool and Lamb 
Miss Constance King, looking very 
chic in a smart outfit of black wool, ex- 
cited the envy of all the ladies present. 
Persian lamb trimmed the front of the 
short jacket and little stand up collar, 
while silk braids, fashioned in leaf- 
shaped frogs, served as fastenings. The 
hat of the same black wool, was also 
trimmed with Persian lamb. Shoes, 
gloves and bag of black suede completed 
this outfit, which justly should be de- 
creed one of the smartest of this season's 
new styles. 

To the beautiful young lady from the 
Hawaiian Islands, Miss Alice Lum, a 
bouquet is due for giving us an idea of 



By CLARA CHAN 

Big Game Styles 

With the end of the football season in 
sight, climaxed by the "big game," this 
weekend will no doubt be the gayest of 
all the year. Already the younger people 
have planned weeks ahead to celebrate. 

Among the girls there has been much 
discussion as to "what shall I wear at the 
Big Game dance." 

Many of us often leave our decisions 
to the last minute, but it is well to bear 
in mind if you are rushing about town 
looking for grand pickups, that the 
evening mode this winter calls for much 
draping, fullness concentrated at the 
back, low cut decollette, panels floating 
off behind to add to the grace and lithe- 
ness of the figure, in short, gowns por- 
traying the Grecian influence are con- 
sidered ideal. In selecting the fabric of 
your gown, be it metallic silk or lame, 
supple satin or the new velvet, color 
plays an important role. Dead white and 
black, sapphire blue, wine rust, renna- 
issance green, and of course violet are 
are all fashionable. Jewels of massive set, 
butterfly clips of rhinestone, and flowers 
of gold cloth or lame will be worn. 
• • 

ADD ANOTHER COLOR 

For those who are nimble with their 
needles, there are mateleasse, sheer wool, 
and satin crepe in a whole gamut of 
purples, one of the leading colors of mid- 
winter. Ranging from blue violet to am- 
aranth (red purple), surely one of these 
heavenly shades will be becoming to you 
and you and you. 

what should be worn on a sea trip to the 
islands. Lovely in soft rose beige, the 
mousseline de soie gown had a flattering 
neckline created by two huge flounces. 
Clever Sisters 

Two clever sisters, Misses Marie and 
Gladys Tom, modeled their own original 
creations. Miss Gladys wore a sport en- 
semble of black and red checked wool, 
while Miss Marie was attired in a black 
chiffon velvet formal gown with gold 
sequin yoke. 

Last week the Chinese models were de- 
scribed in detail, but Miss Charlotte Jung's 
long white dress is worthy of mention; 
blues from a peacock pattern around the 
neck line and hem with medium sized 
pearls outlining the design and adding 
elegance to the gown. 

Last, but not least, credit should be 
given Miss Alice Fong, who so graciously 
and successfully worked towards bringing 
us this second and equally splendid fash- 
ion show. 



A DASH OR A SPARKLE 
TURNS OLD DRESSES NEW 

Sales of rhinestone clips, bracelets, 
and necklaces are about town — so-o if 
you are not wearing a new formal to the 
Big Game dance, why not alter the 
effect of "that same old thing" by add- 
ing jeweled clips, jeweled buttons or 
jeweled collars. It is considered chic to 
have a touch of flashing jewel; no 
matter if the stone is a fake, just so long 
as it is bright, you will be in style. 

• • 

IF YOU FEEL LOW 

Nothing refreshes one's spirit as a new 
hat. There are perky hats of velour and 
felt soft as silk that come in the jeweled 
renaissance shades with fur trimmed to 
match your pocketbook, but then many 
local shops have reasonable charges to 
make up these hats to suit your whim 
and personality. 

XMAS TREE TRIMMING 
FOR A DRESS 

Despite all the cry for metallic and 
sparkling fabrics, there is a novel fabric 
for the evening mode. Made entirely of 
cellophane, the delightful translucency 
and unusual softness of this fabric belies 
the impractibility one would expect of 
cellophane for dress material. 

• • 

A special lecture on children's diet 
has been arranged for Chinese mothers 
Saturday evening, Nov. 23, at 7:30 P. M. 
at the Chinese Y. W. C. A., 965 Clay 
St. Miss Cartenter, experienced specialist 
in nutritional dietrics will be the speaker, 
and Mrs. Jane Kwong Lee, secretary, 
will interpret the talk into Chinese. 

• • 

TO MAKE CHINESE 
GARDEN SPOT 

The Chinatown committee of the 
Down Town Association, headed by Mr. 
William G. Merchant, ardhitect, are 
completing plans for the transformation 
of Old Saint Mary's Park on California 
Street near Grant Avenue, San Fran- 
cisco, into a Chinese Garden. 

Mr. John McLaren, superintendent of 
Golden Gate Park, has been gathering 
data from HongKong, Shanghai, and 
Canton. The Down Town Association is 
attempting to preserve the Chinese 
atmosphere of San Francisco's famous 
Chinatown, to keep the glory and tradi- 
tions of Old Cathay alive. 






Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



SECRETS OF CHINATOWN 

(Continued from Page 9) 
Chinese" as a sinister malefactor without 
nerve, scruples or human feelings. 
Hooey About Chinese 

Only in the last few years, when novels 
like "The Good Earth" and "Mother," 
which depict the Chinese as real human 
beings with many virtues which Western- 
ers might profit by emulating has the 
average American come to accept these 
people as a fellow neighbor. The idea 
that Chinatown is the abode of myster- 
ious Chinese, where horrible crimes are 
hatched, where so-called "hatchet men" 
kill each other at the slightest provoca- 
tion, a place in which vices are indulged 
in by Chinese as well as white people 
who were so fortunate as to be lured into 
its dens of iniquity, where every almond- 
eyed girl who peeps out from a tenement 
house window at the passing throng is a 
sing-song girl — such distorted concep- 
tions still prevail. These ideas would be 
laughable if the were not accepted so 
pathetically as true. 

Here and There, the Truth 

When an American writer, therefore, 
who has some personal acquaintance with 
the Chinese and has "explored" the 
Chinatowns of New York and San Fran- 
cisco, writes something of what he has 
really seen and heard "on the spot," as 
it were, our gratitude and deepest appre- 
ciation goes out to such a writer for we 
recognize that another stride has been 
taken to dispel untruthful notions of the 
Chinese in America. 

'The real Chinatown is not seen 
through the eyes of Hollywood or under 
the guidance of fictional characters like 
Dr. Fu Manchu. Nor can it be viewed 
from the sightseeing bus." These few 
words constitute the introduction to a 
30-page booklet written by the Rev. John 
M. Martin, M.M., and recently published 
by the Catholic Foreign Mission Society 
of America at New York, of which the 
Rev. Father Martin is a member. En- 
titled "Secrets of Chinatown," the book- 
let was primarily written for a Catholic 
auditnce, but is really interesting and in- 
formative for everyone who has as yet 
no bowing acquaintance with the Chinese 
and their colorful communities in the 
United States, especially the Chinatown 
in San Francisco. 

On the cover of the booklet is illus- 
trated in red the pagoda-like structure 
which is the Chinatown telephone ex- 
change in San Francisco. 

Sightseers See "Plants" 

The writer takes the reader behind the 
scenes and shows him first what the aver- 
age tourist sees in the Chinatown of New 
York, the Chinatown of fabricated opium 
dens and joss house which are "planted" 



Chine se Olympics Attract Thou sands 

National Athletic Meet Held in Shanghai 

By Tsu Pan 

Occidentals who consider the racial characteristics of the Chinese people weak 
and effiminate would surely have been surprised if they had visited the Sixth Annual 
National Athletic Meet, held recently in Shanghai. For in this event, an army of 
3,000 boys and girls from various parts of China participated, fighting and com- 
peting, putting forth every ounce of their energy in a battle for athletic supremacy. 

Thirty-eight provincial groups sent representatives, chosen from elimination 
meets. Of these, the most distant team came from Mongolia and traveled many 
months in camel caravans before they reached the nearest railroad line. From equally 
remote districts came teams from Tibet and Chinese Turkestan. Adding color to 
the occasion were three teams from overseas. 

Ah Boon-haw, wealthy palm merchant of Singapore, led a squad of 150 athletes. 
C. C. Lim, Chinese millionaire of Manila, brought a crack basketball team to bid 
for national honors. A third overseas team came from Java. 

The meet was held October 10 to 20 in the newly built stadium near the Kiang- 
wan Civic Center, Shanghai. The stadium was built at a cost of one million dollars 
and is rated the largest and the most up-to-date in the Far East. Everyday 70,000 
sport fans filled the stadium to capacity, leaving many late comers outside. 

The meet included the following events: (a) For boys, track and field, pantathlon 
and decathlon, swimming, soccer, basketball, baseball, tennis, volleyball and Chinese 
boxing; (b) for girls, track and field, swimming, basketball, baseball, tennis, volley- 
ball and Chinese boxing, and (c) for exhibition, diving, weight lifting, wrestling. 
and polo. 

The following is a list of important events and winners for boys:: 1. 100 meter 
dash won by Liu Chang Chung (Liaoning), 10.8 seconds. 2. 200 meter dash won 
by Fu Chin Chen (Malayan Chinese), 22.9 seconds. 3. 800 meter run won by 
Chia Lian Jen (Shanghai), 2 minutes 3.1 seconds. 4. 108 meter high hurdle won 
by Lin Shao Chao (Shanghai), time 16.2 seconds. 5. 400 meter low hurdle won by 
Sun Huan Pei (Shanghai), time 59.5 seconds. 6. Broad jump won by Yeh Shui An 
(Malayan Chinese), record 6.96 meters. 7. High jump won by Chiu Shae (Shang- 
hai) record 1.77 meters. 8. Discus throw won by Kuo Cheh (Liaoning), 37.61 
meters. 9. Javalin throw won by Pan Yin Sing (Peiping), 50.28 meters. 

For girls: 1. 50 meter dash won by Lee Sun (Shanghai), 6.9 seconds. 2. 100 
meter dash won by Lee Sun (Shanghai), 13.2 seconds. 3. 80 meter low hurdle won 
by Chien Hsin Su (Shanghai), 24.5 seconds. 4. Discus throw won by Chen Wing 
Tong (Shanghai), 30.1 meters. 5. Shot put won by Chen Wing Tong (Shanghai), 
10.1 meters. 6. Broad jump won by Teng Ying Chao (Malayan Chinese), 5.1 
meters. 7. High jump won by Kiang Shue Fung (Fukien), 1.4 meters. 
(One meter equal to 39.37 inches) 

Final results for boys: 

Second Place Third Place Fourth Place 

Liaoning Peiping 



Event First Place 

Track and Field Shanghai 
Pantathlon and 



Decathlon 

Soccer 

Basketball 

Tennis 

Volley Ball 

Swimming 



Liaoning 

Hongkong 

Hopei 

Shanghai 

Shanghai 

Kwangtung 



Shanghai Kwangtung 

Malayan Chinese Kwangtung 
Nanking Shanghai 



Nanking 

Peiping 

Shaneh.ii 



Chinese Boxing Honan 

Final results for girls: 



Java Chinese 
Honekong 
Hongkong 
Peiping 



Peiping 
Malayan Chinese Szechuan 
Peiping Hopci 

Malayan Chinese Kwangsi 



Shanghai 



Event 

Track & Field 

Basketball 

Tennis 

Volley Ball 

Baseball 

Swimming 

Chinese Boxing 



First Place 

Shanghai 

Shanghai 

Shansi 

Shanghai 

Shantung 

Kwangtung 

Hunan 



Second Place Third Place 

Malayan Chinese Kwangtung 



Kwangtung 

Shanghai 

Kwangtung 

Hopei 

Hongkong 

Honan 



Fukien 

Nanking 

Hunan 

Kwangtung 

Kw.ingsi 

Shanghai 



Shantung 

Fourth Place 

Fukien 

Ki.ingsu 

Szechuan 

Peiping 

Shanehai 

Nanking 

Tsinfrtao 



to give a thrill to the sightseer. 

The reader is given a glimpse into 
real Chinese homes — homes where "one 
meets the gentle shut-in wives, who wear 
trousers and pull their glossy hair 
straight back into a knot," and to the 
"bachelor quarters" inhabited by "our 



yellow brothers" which almost alw.n s 
"consist of entire floors honeycombed 
with tiny cubicles opening into a labyrinth 
of corridors." 

The coming of the Chinese to Amcr- 
u i. the cl.iv.es of Chinese admitted, what 
(Continued to Page 14) 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



By Fred George Woo ■ 



CHINESE SCOUTS TO HAVE 
POWERFUL TEAM 

The Chinese Troop Three Scouts will 
be represented by a basketball team as 
powerful as, if not more so, than the one 
last year, which went through a stiff 
schedule with but one defeat marring its 
record. They lost their first contest of the 
season, before they were in form. 

Thereafter, they swept through their 
opposition. In a barnstorming tour of 
Southern California they scored four 
victories in as many games played. The 
Scout "Varsity" walloped two Japanese 
and a Chinese team at Los Angeles as 
well as a Bakersfield Chinese team, aver- 
aging fifty points per game for the four 
contests. 

Don Lee, former Commerce High 
"Varsity" star, is coach and manager. 
Don is working his charges hard lately to 
whip them into top condition. 
Veterans Vie 

Veterans from last season will form 
the nucleus of this year's "varsity." 
Frank Wong, star forward; Frank Lee, 
Earl Wong, Herbert Tom, Philip Chinn, 
and Bing Chin are expected to carry the 
brunt of the offensive attack. For defense, 
the Scouts have such dependable players 
as Stephen Leong, Theodore Leong, 
Taft Jung, and Arthur Yim. 

Besides these veterans, the Scou: team 
also has several promising prospects 
available. They are Henry Kan, l dead- 
eye hoop shot; Silas Chinn, Edward Le- 
ong, Ted Moy, Albert Young, and Fran- 
cis Chin. There are no regulars yet, 
Coach Lee declared, and each player will 
have to battle hard for his position. 
To Enter Tournament 

The Scouts are expected to be entered 
in the forthcoming Wah Ying Basket- 
ball Tournament, the Coach stated. They 
will be one of the main aspirants for 
championship honors. 

Don Lee's hoopsters have an intersec- 
tional "big game" tentatively scheduled 
with the strong Lowa Chinese Club of 
Los Angeles for the night of December 
22, at the French Court, San Francisco. 
Local fans are looking forward to this 
tilt with interest. Following this contest, 
the Southern California Chinese cagers 
may arrange engagements with a local 
Japanese All-Star aggregation and the 
Berkeley Chinese basketeers. 
• • 

The Chinese Boys of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, are re-organizing a basketball team 
this year, according to reliable sources. 
Watch for a story on this in a near- 
future issue. 



Tennis Review 

Tennis, a sport considered a silly game 
a few short years ago by many young 
Chinese, is one of their most popular 
games today. Enthusiasm grew by leaps 
and bounds, to such an extent, in fact; 
that several ardent racket wielders put 
their heads together and held a confer- 
ence. 

As a result, the Chinese Tennis Asso- 
ciation of San Francisco was formed. 
The C. T. A. is better known by the 
name of Chitena. It is one of the largest 
athletic organizations among Chinese in 
America, having a total membership of 
approximately one hundred and fifty 
boys and girls, as well as men and women. 

Dr. Theodore C. Lee, dentist, is presi- 
dent of the tennis organization. Lee Him 
is vice-president, Hattie Hall, secretary- 
treasurer, and Hayne Hall, manager. 
The C. T. A. is at present negotiating for 
an affiliation with the United States 
Lawn Tennis Association, according to 
Manager Hall. 

Many Upsets 

Men players have not been ranked re- 
cently, due to the fact many unexpected 
upsets had occurred in the flight 
matches. Players in the front rank in- 
clude Andrew Tseng, John Tseng, Vin- 
cent Chinn, Walter Wong, Wahso Chan, 
and Thomas Leong. 

The first six girl players at the 
present writing rank as follows: Erline 
Lowe, Mary Chan, Jennie Chew, Lucille 
Jung, Waite Ng, and Betty Won. 

There are three honorary members 
in the Chitena. They are Guy Cheng, 
Kho Sin Kie, and Lewis Carson. The 
former two were China's recent Davis 
Cup players, with Carson as their 

manager. 

• • 
COMING SWIMMER 

One of the best Chinese swimmers of 
his age is Willie Ong, 17, who was a sen- 
sation in the recent Chinese Y. M. C. A. 
swimming meet. Willie is being urged by 
his friends to enter the 1936 Olympic 
tryouts to gain experience for the 1940 

Olympics. 

• • 
ONG WAH 

Richard Ong (his Chinese name is 
Ong Wah in case you have forgotten) 
is now connected with the National Dol- 
lar Store in Los Angeles. A few years 
ago Richard was one of the best forwards 
in basketball in San Francisco's China- 
town. 



SHANGTAI CAGERS 

Potentially the strongest basketball 
team among Chinese in the Bay Region 
— that's what the hoop fans think of the 
Shangtai team this year. 

Last season, and, incidently their first, 
the Shangtai players showed flashes of 
being a top-notch team, but dogged 
throughout the season by bad breaks, 
they wound up with only a fair record, 
winning about half of their tilts, and 
victorious in but one contest in the Y. M. 
H. I. League. 

Their best form was shown in out-of- 
town games against the Walnut Creek 
and Napa clubs. They hope to be in ex- 
ceptional form throughout the entire 
coming season, and they bid fair to be. 

Joe Chew, former Peninsula athlete, 
coaches the Shangtais and has for his 
team several sterling performers, notably 
Charlie Hing, ex-Poly star; Gerald Le- 
ong, erstwhile Commerce player; and 
Fred Gok, Galileo mainstay of two years 
ago. 

Besides these boys, Coach Chew also 
has Fred Hing, Thomas Tong, Frank 
Yam, Lee Po, Ted Chin, Walter Lee, 
Fred Wong, George Lee, and Wilson 
Lowe. They are all fast, husky, and ex- 
perienced cagers. 

The Shangtai squad is already entered 
in the forthcoming Wah Ying Basket- 
ball Tournament, according to manager 
Arthur Hee. His players are raring to go, 
having been practicing for the last three 
weeks. Manager Hee stated that no sche- 
dule has been made for the team yet. 
• • 

CHUNG MEI CHALLENGES 

The Chung Mei Home has organized 
a 100-pound football team that is 
making the entire Home football con- 
scious. The team is powerful, and fea- 
tures a coordinated and smooth-running 
attack. 

Four contests have been played so far 
this season and their eleven has yet to 
taste defeat. In their opening game, the 
Chung Mei won from Joe Higgins' team 
of Richmond, 20 to 13. Other victories 
are over the San Pablo Y. M. C. A. by a 
score of 33-20; Chinese Crusaders of 
Oakland, 20-2; and the Richmond Y. 
M. C. A. 7-0. 

One more tilt remains on the schedule, 
which will be played on November 27. 
No games have been played with San 
Francisco teams and the Chung Mei is 
issuing a challenge to play any local 
eleven averaging 100 pounds. 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 22, 1935 



WINGS TO CHINA 

(Continued from Page 7) 
scattered bases that relied for all save 
the heaviest shipments on transportation 
by its own planes. It had to face weather 
conditions featured by long rains, fre- 
quent fog, occasional hurricanes. New 
problems of airplane maintenance caused 
by the hot moist climate had forced the 
development of the most painstaking sys- 
tems of inspection and servicing. At the 
outset they had had to establish their own 
system of radio communication, their 
own weather observatories and forecast- 
ing services, and set up the highest stan- 
dards of personnel selection. 

Clipper Ships Designed 
The Caribbean and South American 
coastal divisions had posted tasks even 
more directly comparable to the Pacific 
project. At first Pan American had used 
tri-motored landplanes on its over-water 
work, then amphibians, finally it succeed- 
ed in stimulating the American aircraft 
industry into producing suitable flying- 
boats for the task. 

That in itself was a new departure in 
airline operations, for up to that time no 
extensive flying-boat routes had ever been 
attempted by a commercial company. 
Maintenance problems were even more 
severe than in the mountains due to the 
presence of sea water. A whole new 
technique of landing, loading, and take- 
off had to be worked out for long chains 
of harbors — some of them crowded, un- 
policed — others broad, unsheltered. 

The Caribbean, too, with its incessant, 
severe static, had forced new radio de- 
velopments far beyond those in use on 
air lines elsewhere in the world. 

Already by 1931 these engineers had 
all their major problems of maintenance 
and operation well in hand. The line 
had operated countless thousands of 
miles without a single flying-boat acci- 
dent (a record that it still maintains) . 
Their percentage of schedule mainten- 
ance was over 99 per cent. Trippe might 
have been tempted to let such an organi- 
zation rest on its laurels. 

Ocean Flying Crews 
Instead, he set up a new and exhaustive 
training program. With Priester, he and 
Lindbergh worked out an ideal concep- 
tion of a crew to man a trans-oceanic 
flying-boat — Captain, Co-pilot, Navigat- 
or, Radio Officer, Flight Engineer. And 
they wanted these men interchangeable 
in case of an emergency. Imagine a radio 
operator capable of commanding the en- 
gine room of an ocean liner; an engineer 
who could navigate a steamer through 
the worst of weather; an ocean captain 
capable of sending and receiving wireless 
messages. 

To produce such men, the system set 



up courses at divisional headquarters for 
all its personnel. Pilots, no matter how 
extensive their experience, went through 
systematic instruction in blind flying and 
were given experience on a wide selection 
of airplane types. All flying personnel 
took lessons in meteorology, navigation, 
radio. 

New pilots were passed through long 
Braining periods in engine shop work. 
For years after joining the line they 
served as assistant pilots, as junior of- 
ficers, as clerks in charge of every detail 
of clearing the cargoes and caring for 
passengers, as radio operators, weather 
men, mechanics. 

Most Pan American fliers know at least 
one language in. addition to English. All 
of them have been indoctrinated into the 
basic principles of international law as 
it affects air transport. 

Soon the system opened a flying-beat 
route from Miami directly southwest to 
Barranquilla over 1250 miles of the Car- 
ibbean. That gave an "ocean laboratory" 
to train crews in out-of-sight-of-land navi- 
gation. The first of the 17-ton Sikorsky- 
type "Clipper Ships" was soon available 
and the practice work became even more 
direct, with the full complement of of- 
ficers as Priester and Lindbergh had con- 
ceived it. Crews took noon sights of the 
sun to figure their position, they checked 
them with radio bearings from shore sta- 
tions, they practiced navigation by dead 
reckoning, using drift sights on the 
ocean surface. 

First Trans-Ocean Clipper Ships 
Last year three 19-ton Sikorskys be- 
came available. Two of them went im- 
mediately into service on the eastern 
trade route to far-off Brazil and Argen- 
tina. But one of them was turned into 
a laboratory plane for the final phases 
of training for the Pacific project. Great 
fuel tanks filled its cabin compartments. 
Chart rooms were installed and special 
hatches for navigation. 

Crews picked from the system's entire 
personnel assembled at Miami to fly the 
great craft through endless tests and 
exercises. 

This spring everything was ready for 
actual training over the long skyway to- 
ward Asia. 

Crack mechanics were sent to the Ala- 
meda base on San Francisco Bay, and to 
Hawaii. Others went with the airport 
building expedition to Midway, Wake, 
Guam and Manila. With them went 
radio crews, clerks, base managers, each 
with distinguished years of service be- 
hind him. 

Blazing the Trail By Air 
Then step by step the actual explora- 
tion of the route, the last rehearsals of 
each man in his long studied duties 



began. 

A flight to Hawaii and return in April. 
A flight to Midway and return in June. 
To Wake and back in August. Finally, 
the "Clipper" made a round trip to 
Guam, some 13,000 miles from the Cali- 
fornia coast. Never an incident to mar 
the impression of effortless precision. 
Most of the flights have actually been pur- 
posely headed into as severe weather con- 
ditions as could be found along the route 
to give as stiff a test as possible. For hours 
upon hours the crew practiced flying by 
instruments alone as curtains over cock- 
pit windows shut out all view of the ocean 
beneath them. 

A plan of crew rotation was carefully 
followed. Captain Musick commanded 
the first two flights, then Captain Sulli- 
van, who had served under him as first 
officer, took over, varying his roster of 
under officers from flight to flight. By 
the opening of scheduled operations five 
full crews will be ready to man the great 
2 5 -ton Martin Clippers now ready for 
service. 

Ready — yes, and fully so. A few hours 
out of Honolulu on the first actual Pa- 
cific flight, Sullivan turned to Musick, 
with a grin. "Old stuff, this," he said. 
"We've flown this route so many times in 
training I've recognized every cloud 
we've seen since leaving 'Frisco." 

Another chapter, the second, of this inter- 
esting history-making development of trans- 
Pacific aviation will appear in the next issue 
of the CHINESE DIGEST. 



SECRETS OF CHINATOWN 

(Continued from Page 12) 
districts of populous Kwangtung prov- 
ince they come from ? and what they do 
mostly when they get here, take up sev- 
eral interesting paragraphs. Then fol- 
lows some inside tips on how to go about 
getting real Chinese food. 

Chinese Love of Learning 

The next chapter tells the Chinese 
people's love of learning and how the 
Chinese throughout this country con- 
duct night schools for their American- 
born children so that they might learn 
of the glories of the sons of T'ang. Sev- 
eral pages are also devoted to the Chi- 
nese students in America who have come 
here from their native land for higher 
education and training in the sciences. 
The latest assembled figures of these 
students and their distribution in various 
colleges and universities are given. 

The last chapter makes some observa- 
tion regarding religion and the Chinese. 
It describes various Christian work done 
jn behalf of the Chinese. 

The writer of this interesting brochure. 
Father Martin, is personally acquainted 
(Continued to Page 16) 



November 22, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 15 



CHINA MAIL 

Ships arriving from China: 
President Grant (Seattle) No- 
vember 26; President Jefferson 
(Seattle) December 10; President 
Pierce (San Francisco) December 
10; President Coolidge (San Fran- 
cisco) December 18; President 
Jackson (Seattle) December 24; 
President Wilson (San Francisco) 
January 7. 

Ships sailing for China: 
President Hayes (San Francisco) 
November 22; President McKinley 
(Seattle) November 23; President 
Hoover (San Francisco) Novem- 
ber 29; President Johnson (San 
Francisco) December 6; President 
Lincoln (San Francisco) December 
13; President Monroe (San Fran- 
cisco) December 20; President 
Coolidge (San Francisco) Decem- 
ber 27. 



How ^Z^l^r e SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 

had over 700 rooms, as he was so super- 
stitious that he would never sleep in the 
same room twice. 

But his people began to be restless 
under his tyranny, his heavy taxation, 
and his forced labor. Moreover, there 
were many, particularly the Confucian 
scholars who were out of office, who ob- 
jected to his using a divine title. They 
talked of the good old times of the feudal 
lords. They would refer to the books of 
Confucius, point out to the people the 
way in which their ruler was violating all 
the laws and regulations of conduct laid 
down by their master. In countless ways 
they stirred the people to discontent and 
revolt. 

Ancient Literature Destroyed 
Finally, after consulting with his chief 
ministers, the emperor decided on severe 
measures. He decreed that all the books 
in the empire should be burned, saving 
only books on fortune-telling, medicine 
and agriculture. He declared moreover 
that scholars refusing to turn in their 
books should be buried alive or sent to 
the Great Wall, Which was of course, a 
death sentence. Any person discussing 
the forbidden books were executed forth- 
with. 

He was foolish enough to believe that 

in this way his people would forget their 

past, cease turning back to their golden 

age, and march forward under his guid- 
ance. He could not understand that 

burning heaps of books will not destroy 

national traditions and cultural ideas. 

He could not understand that books are 

but the written expression of men's 

dreams and ideals, and that the more a 

tyrant seeks to crush and destroy them, 

the more thickly and the more sturdy 

these ideas spring up and grow again. 

But he persisted and for years perse- 
cuted, exiled or executed the scholars and 

other patriots who were faithful to their 

ideals and ideas. 

Extends China Trade 
Meanwhile his fame had spread far 

and wide. Under his strong rule the 

trade routes across Asia were made safe. 

To Persia and Asia Minor, and through 

them to Greece and Rome and Egypt 

great caravans of camels carried bales of 

silk and spices from the Middle Kingdom 

to the lands of the setting sun. Silken gar- 
ments became common in Europe, and 

this great empire of the East began to 

emerge from the mists of the unknown. 
And when they asked "whence come 

these marvelous fabrics, these fabulous 

products of a worm " the answer came 
''from the land of "Ch'in." The Greeks 

softened the word to Thinae, and the 



Romans called the people and the land 
Sinas. When the word came to France 
hundreds of years later it became Chine, 
and in English China, by which name 
we call both the land of Ch'in and the 
porcelains which originally came from it. 

When the emperor's time came to die, 
he was buried in the greatest tomb ever 
created for a Chinese monarch. 

A hill 150 feet high and 1,000 feet 
across at its base was built of earth; every 
basketful passed from hand to hand six- 
teen miles from the banks of a river, 
where the earth was dug. 

In the center was built a wondrous 
chamber on bronze foundation. The floor 
was a great map of China, with rivers 
of quicksilver. Overhead was a bronze 
dome showing the heavens, the sun, the 
moon, and the constellations. With the 
emperor were buried his wives, favorite 
horse and slaves without number, and 
great candles, designed to burn for years, 
were lighted. 

Name Lives On 

When all was finished, a great stone 
was dropped into place, blocking the 
tunnel and imprisoning the workmen 
who knew the secret of the structure. Out- 
side the doors automatic weapons were 
placed to shoot arrows at marauders seek- 
ing to gain an entrance. Then the hill 
was smoothed over and trees and grass 
were planted to obliterate all traces of 
man's handiwork. 

In spite of all this care and pomp and 
circumstance, within twenty years the 



CHINESE GOVERNMENT 
EXPERIMENTS WITH TUNG OIL 

Tung Oil has been one of the most 
important articles of export from China 
for many years. Being an essential in- 
gredient in the making of paint and 
many chemical products, its usefulness 
has netted China millions of dollars 
every year. Most of the tung oil is pro- 
duced in the province of Szechuan in 
which more than 50 districts are engaged 
in plantation work, making a total an- 
nual production of over 500,000 piculs 
(a picul equalling 133.3 pounds). 

The provincial government of Sze- 
chuan is now making a new effort to 
improve tung oil production. Each 
producing district is assigned specific 
experimental work in planting and the 
process of extracting oil from the seeds. 
In Wanhsien district, for instance, five 
experimental plantations are established 
to cultivate tung trees with new methods. 
In Yunyang and Peiling districts planters 
are instructed to extract oil by a new pro- 
cess which will substantially reduce the 
costs and improve the quality. It is ex- 
pected these improvements will lead to 
larger export in the next few years. 
• • 



CHINESE EXCHANGE 


Hong Kong 


Shanghai 


Nov. 14 35.55 


30.45 


Nov. 16 36.95 


30.40 


Nov. 18 36.35 


30.35 


Nov. 19 35.80 


30.35 


Nov. 20 35.85 


30.30 


Information furnished 


through 


courtesy of Bank of 


America, 


Oriental Branch. 





iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniliiiiiiiiiiiMii)iiiniMiiiiiiriiiMM ■ i-| iimiiiii niiiiiiii nmn 

Refreshments — 

The Shangtai 

LUNCH TWENTY-FIVE CENTS 
DINNER THIRTY-FIVE CENTS 

Ice Cream 
672 Jackson St. CHina 1215 



iiiiiiiiiimnn Mimiiniii illinium 



tomb of the emperor had been looted, 
his body cast out on a rubbish heap and 
his dynasty destroyed. 

Gone was the might and power of the 
Ch'ins, but his name and that of his 
dynasty live on, and wi'll live on as long 
as China is known to the world of men. 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIC EST 



November 22, 1935 



Clip This Coupon 

For eight months of priceless information . . . Interesting 
news and personalities . . . Selected short subjects . . . 

Send It With A Dollar 

TO THE 

CHINESE DIGEST 

868 Washington St. . . . San Francisco 
. . California . . 



Ming Quong Home 
Observes Anniversary 

The Ming Quong Home in Oakland 
celebrated its twenty years' of service to 
the Chinese people in a two-day pro- 
gram on November 9 and 10. Friends, 
Chinese and American, came from over 
the United States to participate in the 
celebration. Prominent among them 
were Miss Katherine Gladfelter, Assistant 
Secretary of the Presbyterian Board of 
National Missions, New York City; Dr. 
Philip F. Payne, Superintendent of 
Oriental work on the Pacific Coast, 
Presbyterian Board of National Missions, 
and Dr. Charles R. Shepherd, Superin- 
tendent of Chung Mei Home, El Cerrito. 
Chinese girls from 5 to 18 years of age, 
homeless or unable to live at home, are 
provided boarding care at the home. 
These children attend the Oakland pub- 
lic schools, and in addition receive in-' 
struction in the Chinese language and eti- 
quette from resident Chinese teachers. 
When the girls are ready for self support, 
the home endeavors to find positions for 
them and continues to supervise them. 
Maintains Cottages 
The founding of the home resulted 
from the discovery that the state orphan- 
ages were reluctant to accept Chinese 
children. Most Chinese have too large 
families of their own to wish to adopt 
additional members or to offer a foster 
home for these girl waifs. The Presby- 
terian Board of National Missions under- 
took to provide for these unfortunate 
girls in conducting the program at Ming 
Quong. 

"We seek to co-operate with all mis- 
sionary and social agencies working 
among the Chinese people. No distinc- 
tion is made as to denomination or creed 
in ministering to the needs of these under- 
privileged few," said Miss Ethel V. 



Higgins, director of the home since its 
founding. 

"Our girls are guided and trained ac- 
cording to the principles and teachings 
of Christ in order to fit them for future 
life for service to others," coninued Miss 
Higgins. 

Graduates from the home include 
nurses, doctors, teachers, and women in 
business life, working both among the 
Chinese in America and the Chinese in 
their own homeland. 

Operated for Under-Privileged 
Founded in 1915 as a separate unit 
from the Chinese Presbyterian Home in 
San Francisco, the Ming Quong Home 
is located at 3671 McClellan Street, Oak- 
land. According to its policy the home 
is operated for orphans, half-orphans, 
and underprivileged girls from two 
to 18 years. Typical of all such institu- 
tions, attendance at Sunday religious 
services is compulsory for all its 
charges, and regular instruction in the 
reading and writing of the Chinese lan- 
guage is given. For their American edu- 
cation the girls attend the regular public 
school near the home. 

Management of the home is in the 
hands of eight commissioned resident 
workers, two volunteer and two employed 
outside workers. Four of the workers 
are Chinese. 

The home takes care of the education, 
health, and domestic and religious 
training of an average of 70 girls an- 
nually. Of the 65 girls boarded there 
in 1934, thirteen were full orphans with- 
out homes or relatives; eight were half- 
orphans whose remaining parents could 
not provide for them; five were from 
homes broken by legal separation of par- 
ents; two were behavior problem children 
taken care of at parents' requests; two 
were boarded for health care; one was an 
illegitimate child; one an abandoned 



SECRETS OF CHINATOWN 

(Continued from Page 14) 
with many Chinese throughout the vari- 
ous Chinatowns in America, as he has 
visited practically all of them that are 
worth seeing — the Chinatown of New 
York, scenes of so many stories by 
Achmed Abdullah; of Boston, where the 
younger Chinese generation is so taken 
up with aviation; of Chicago and New 
Orleans, where chop suey establishments 
abound to lure the tourists with a taste 
for Oriental cooking, and, lastly, the 
transplanted "Little China" in San Fran- 
cisco, scene of many romantic stories by- 
Charles Caldwell Dobie, and stories of 
sleuthing and adventure by Lemual de 
Bra and Hugh Wiley. 

Knew Chinese Intimately 
And Father Martin was delighted with 
all these places. Stationed for several years 
at his society's headquarters, he made 
frequent visits to New York's Chinatown 
and thus come to know many of its in- 
habitants intimately and taken into their 
confidences. Transferred to San Fran- 
cisco several years later it did not take 
him much time to acquaint himself with 
the young and old of this community, 
from the tiny tots sitting on their door- 
steps who stare at him curiously as he 
passes by, to the old and venerable 
merchants to whom he would exchange 
many kowtows and engage in "small 
talks." Frequently he would ask several 
of his young Chinese friends to dine 
with him in a Chinese restaurant, and 
always he would order his favorite dish 
— moo goo gai pan. 

It was thus that "Secrets of Chinatown" 
came to be written. It does not aim to be 
profound, for it covers no specific sub- 
ject. It does not delve into the history 
of the Chinese in America, nor does it 
tell one how the Chinese earn their daily 
bread. The booklet merely aims to give 
the interested reader some preliminary 
pointers necessary for an understanding 
of these Orientals, and manages to give 
one a bowing acquaintance with them. 
And it has done this admirably and sym- 
pathetically and with full understanding 
of the Confucian saying that, "Within 
the four seas, all are brethren." 

The cost of this booklet is only five 
cents, and may be obtained directly from 
the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of 
America at Marvknoll, New York. 

waif; and one was there becnuse her 
mother was employed away from home. 

Of its financial support, 60 per cent 
comes from the Board of National Mis- 
sions of the Presbyterian Church 31 per 
cent from the state, country, and soci.il 
welfare agencies, and only ■ sennt per 
cent is contributed by the Chinese. 




DIGEST 



^ «e\VS ► SPORTS - SOCIAL - COMMENT 




O^ WEEKLY PttftUCftTlOW - - - - SfrM gatWClSCO.CfrUf OftWftc) 



Vol. 1, No. 3 



November 29, 1935 



Five Cents 



flj M "NEW STATE" IN NORTH CHINA 




By Tsu Pan 

Last week the world was amazed by the report that 
Japan had threatened to establish an autonomous state 
in the five provinces of North China. 

It was equally amazing that the plan was suddenly 

halted when three Chinese military leaders allegedly 

involved in the plan finally excused themselves from 

the important occasion of the declaration of autonomy. 

Orders Chinese Generals 

A few days ago, Maj. Gen. Kenjo Doihara, Jap- 
anese chief of military intelligence in North China, 
told the Chinese generals, it was reported, to form the 
separatist state, or else, his eleven divisions of troops 
outside of the Great Wall would take drastic action. 
Discussion had entered the final stage and Nov. 20 was 
set to be the date for the autonomous proclamation. 

At the appointed moment, however, General 
Doihara found that the three most important Chinese 
generals did not appear. 

Generals Send Regrets 



eral Doihara and North China military leaders, Akiri 
Ariyoshi, Japanese Ambassador to China, also entered 
into conversation with General Chiang Kai-shek. 
Chiang is said to have told Ariyoshi 'in the event of 
unexpected developments the central government would 
take appropriate measures,' according to a Shanghai 
dispatch. It was intimated that the League of Nations 
had set an inviolable precedent of sanction in the 
Ethiopian crisis, and both China and Japan believed 
that the League could not once again, as it did in the 
case of Manchuria, ignore any possible war in North 
China. 

Japanese General Not Authorized 

In the meantime, a Peiping dispatch stated that 
the Chinese government had been informed by the 
Japanese government that its military officers had been 
told to abstain from Chinese politics, and that General 
Doihara was not authorized to speak for Japan. It 



seemed to some observers at this juncture that Tokio 
General Sung Cheh-yuan, commander of the had realized fhat vigorous se p ara tist movement is in- 
Tientsin Peiping garrison and supposedly chief desig- advisabIe> because of the international complication, 
nate of the new state, had been called to the bedside However> the mi l itary f action in Nortll Ch i na> was not 
of his sick mother. General Shangh Chen, Governor convinced of this situation> anc l t b e plan of a pro- 
of Hopei, had contracted a galloping cold. And Gen- j apanese new state in North Cn i na was not abandoned 
eral Han Fu-Chu, Governor of Shantung, had been {n spke q{ fhe temporary de i av . 
detained by important business in the capital of his 
own province. 

Party Called Off 

The regrets from these ingratious guests irritated 

host Doihara and the party was reluctantly called off. 

What had caused the sudden change in the situation 

was not known. General Hsiao Chen-ying, Governor 



New Anti-Communist State 

While the plan of a new state of five provinces in 
North China was frustrated, General Doihara's idea 
achieved materialization in the form of an autonomous 
state of smaller proportions. On November 24, Ying 
Yu-keng, commissioner of political affairs in the North 



of Chahar, was quoted as saying that the delay was China demilitarized zone, proclamed the establishment 

of the "East Hopei Anti-Communist Autonomous 
Council." In Yin's proclamation, this new government 
would control twenty-five districts in Hopei province 



due to a peremptory order from General Chiang Kai- 
shek, generalissimo of the Chinese army and the real 
head of the government. 

General Tells Ambassador 
While negotiations were carried on between Gen- 



which were demilitarized under the Tangku Agreement 
(Continued on Page 2) 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 



"NEW STATE" IN NORTH CHINA 

(Continued from Page 1) 
signed in 1933 between China and Jap- 
an. The government site is to be estab- 
lished at Tungchow, thirty miles from 
Peiping. Yin pledged his recognition of 
the sovereignty of Nanking, but would 
not allow it to interfere in its local 
affairs. 

The executive control is to be vested 
in a committee of nine of which Yin is 
the head. The "council" would take over 
revenues from railways, mines, tele- 
graphs and posts, and a special court 
would be set up to try civil and criminal 
cases within its jurisdiction. The govern- 
ment will have administrative educa- 
tion, industry, and secretariat depart- 
ments. Yin will personally supervise 
foreign and military affairs. 

The reason that prompted this new 
regime, according to Yin is to fight the 
communist menace, and to oppose Nan- 
king government's monetary policy. Yin 
assailed the Kuomintang and declared 
that cooperation of North China, Japan, 
and "Manchukuo" is essential to the 
well-being of northern people. 

A storm of protests sprang up after 
Yin announced the inauguration of his 
new government. Educational leaders in 
Peiping issued a strong manifesto char- 
ging Yin as the nation's thief. It urged 
the central government to use the 
energies of the entire nation to maintain 
the territorial and administrative inte- 
grity of China. This document was 
signed by Dr. Hu Shih, China's fore- 
most thinker, and by the presidents of 
Yenching and Tsinghua Universities. 
Others asserted that the whole autonomy 
plan is a plot instigated by Japanese 
agents in the employ of Japanese ex- 
pansionists. 

Some Chinese observers saw the 
scheme of putting in the hands of the 
Japanese government, a new pro-Jap- 
anese state in North China whether 
Japan likes it or not. If China uses 
military force to oppose the rebels, Jap- 
an shall, under the Tanku Agreement, 
be obliged to use similar means to 
combat them. Other observers thought 
the measure was intended to bring pres- 
sure on the Nanking government so that 
a positive pro-Japanese attitude will be 
adopted. 

While Yin was expounding his theory 
of a new state at Tungchow, his follow- 
ers in Tientsin wrought havoc to the 
populace. Armed with wooden clubs, the 
self-styled autonomous army seized sev- 
eral public offices of the Tientsin muni- 
ciple government. Hand bills ere passed 
urging people to join the autonomous 



movement. Finally the local police over- 
powered them and chased them outside 
of the Tientsin native city. 

Looting and Rioting 

The dispatch said that the mob started 
from the Japanese section of the city 
and was led by a Japanese. Another re- 
port added that they marched to the 
Japanese Consulate for payment of their 
service. Upon refusal, they began loot- 
ing and rioting. 

Yin Dismissed 

In Nanking, General Chiang Kai-shek 
did not hesitate to show his hand in 
facing the threat. Yin was immediately 
dismissed from his post commissioned 
by the Nanking government and was 
wanted for punishment. 

"An insane man," General Chiang 
called Yin. 

General Sung Cheh-yuan, being ru- 
mored as the would-be chief of the five 
province state, was appointed by Chiang 
as the "pacification commissioner for 
the provinces of hopei and Charhar." 
This is interpreted to be the strategy by 
which Chiang sought to get Sung into 
his alignment. 

Yin Flees 

Under the terms of the Tangku 
Agreement, China is prohibited from 
sending troops into the demilitarized 
area, henceforth Yin is beyond the reach 
of General Chiang's power. However a 
late report from Tungchow stated that 
Yin had already fled to the northern 
part of the demilitarized zone in the 
fear that the Nanking army may force- 
fully enter that area to arrest him. Thus 
the latest autonomous government in 
Tungchow had apparently collapsed. 

• • 

C. N. A. C. TO OPEN CHENGTU- 
TIBET AIRLINE 

An American firm recently received 
an order by the C. N. A. C. for new 
planes in preparation for the inaugura- 
tion of the proposed new line between 
Szechwan and Tibet, is reported. 

As the topography of the proposed 
route is mountainous and the climate in 
the plateaus abnormal, the first step will 
be to open the service between Chengtu 
and Yaan, according to the plan of the 
C. N. A. C. If first trials prove satis- 
factory, the line will be extended to Lu- 
ting, and then to Kangting and Patang. 

After the service between Chengtu 
and Kangting has been successfully 
established, the line will then be ex- 
tended from Patang, on the Szechwan 
border, to Lhassa via Chengtu, thus 
completing the Chengtu-Lhassa line, the 
plan reveals. 



Harvard Acclaims 
Chinese High I. Q. 

According to a Harvard University 
psychologist's report, Chinese film play- 
ers have a high and remarkable I.Q. 
Keye Luke, who plays in the Charlie 
Chan mystery stories, is a highbrow juve- 
nile who reads Chaucer and has draw- 
ings in the British Museum on exhibit- 
Soo Young, acting wth Mae West, is a 
Columbia graduate, a philosophy student 
and the rigisseuse in Mei Lan Fang's per- 
formance. Anna May Wong has been 
acting in Europe in French, German, 
and English and in the burry dialect of 
Lauder. 

• • 

Roos Brothers 
Support Digest 



November 22, 1935 

Mr. Thomas Chinn, Editor, 
Chinese Digest, 
863 Washington Sl, 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Chinn: 

The writer has before him the 
first issue of your publication the 
Chinese Digest, and wants to take 
this opportunity of congratulating 
you upon the birth of such a 
worthy publication. 

We feel that your publication 
will fill a long felt want, as it 
gives ourselves and others in the 
business world, an opportunity to 
convey our message in the 'English 
language, to our many friends in 
the Chinese section of our city. 

We have instructed Mr. Harry 
Mew, the manager of our Chinese 
department, to use your publica- 
tion as much as he possibly can, 
and we wish you every success in 
this most laudable undertaking. 
Sincerely yours, 

ROOS BROS. INC. 

(Signed,) N. L. Bourgeault, 

Manager. 



NORTHWEST FAIR HELD 

To give the coastal populace a chance 
to acquaint themselves with the abun- 
dant naturel resources of the Northwest, 
its geographical, geological and topo- 
graphical characteristics, an itinerant ex- 
hibition of the cultural traits and lead- 
ing products of that vast borderland of 
China will be held in Nanking this 
month. 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



Feast of the Dragon 

Nightly rehearsals are taking place in 
preparation for a play to be given by 
the St. Mary's Footlite Club, at the Cath- 
olic Chinese Social Center on Sunday 
evening, December 8. 

"Feast of the Dragon" is the name of 
the Chinese play, to be given in English. 
It purports to be a fairy tale of queens 
and princesses who struggle for earthly 
powers, but who were caught in a web of 
their own making. In the cast are more 
than twenty enthusiastic and hard-work- 
ing boys and girls of the Footlite Club. 

Prominent members of the cast will in- 
clude the Yee sisters and Miss Poon — 
three talented girls who drew much ad- 
miration when they took part not long 
ago in the San Francisco Century of 
Commerce Chinatown program — Miss 
Virginia Yew, and Miss Rosemary Tang. 

Miss Edith Chan is the director of 
this dramatic troupe. She stated that 
the proceeds from this coming play will 
go toward the Chinese Catholic Center's 
Christmas charity funds. Tickets for the 
play are 25 cents each, and may be ob- 
tained by calling or telephoning the 
Center. 

• • 

WINTER ACTIVITIES AT 
THE Y. W. C. A. 

Now that the days are getting shorter 
and the hint of winter is in the air, play- 
ing out-of-doors is not so pleasant as it 
was during the summer and early au- 
tumn. For this reason, the Y. W. C. A. 
is inviting the children of the community 
to come to its building at 965 Clay St. 
any weekday afternoon between 2:30 and 
5:30. There's fun in store for them in 
the form of games and story-telling for 
the very little boys and girls; story-act- 
ing, sewing, games, and handicraft for 
the older ones. 

There is no charge, and it is not nec- 
essary to be a member of the Y. W. C. A. 

• • 

Y. W. C. A. RECOGNITION SERVICE 
Almost any Friday evening now you 
will hear little bursts of music from the 
Chinese Y. W. C. A. The three Girl 
Reserve clubs are diligently rehearsing 
the songs which will be their contribu- 
tion to the city-wide Recognition Service 
which will be held Sunday, December 15, 
in the Garden Room of the Residence 
Club, 940 Powell Street. 

Girl Reserves are the teen age mem- 
bers of the Y. W. C. A. , and the annual 
Recognition Service is their way of wel- 
coming formally into their club groups 
the girls who have joined throughout 
the year. 



Chinese Art Exhibit 

For the first time in the history of 
local art, Chinatown will be represented 
in San Francisco by a special exhibit of 
local talents. This display will include oil, 
pen and ink, and sketches of both the 
modern and the traditional schools. The 
exhibit will be held at the De Young 
Museum from December 10 to January 
9. On the twenty-second of December a 
special talk will be given by principal 
Hong, a collector of note of the Nam 
Kue Academy. 

The exhibitors include: Miss Stella 
Wong, Mrs. Eva F. Chan, S. C. Lee, 
Wahso Chan, Longsum Chan, Suey B. 
Wong, David Chun ; Hon Chew Hee, 
H. W. Key, Sui Chan, Hu Gee Sun, Lin 
Sum, and Dr. Lau Chun Lum. 



WHEN YOU BUY 
DAIRY PRODUCTS 



You can feel the texture of cloth; 
you can weigh a measure of grain; 
but you cannot test the purity and 
wholesomeness of dairy products 
with any of the senses. That is why 
the name of California's leading 
dairy products company — Golden 
State — means so much on milk, 
butter, ice cream and other dairy 
foods. It is a name which stands 
for quality, for integrity in every 
product bearing this famous name. 
You can always depend upon 
Golden State brand for highest 
quality. 

GOLDEN STATE 

DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Henry Lum, Chinese Representative 

San Francisco - Oakland - Sockton - 

Sacramento - Palo Alto - San Jose - 

Richmond - Vallejo - Fresno - Merced 

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Insurance 

315 Montgomery St. 
San Francisco . California 



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Y. M. C. A. CAMPAIGN 
EXTENDED 

Although more than 100 new mem- 
bers had been signed up and almost 
#1300 subscribed, the Y. M. C. A. an- 
nual membership campaign, originally 
scheduled to end on November 22, was 
extended to November 27, because the 
quota had not been reached. T. Y. Tang, 
executive secretaray of the "Y," declared 
that six teams were working enthusiastic- 
ally and that the quota would be filled 
by November 27. Two of the teams have 
already reached their quota, it was 
learVied. These two teams were cap- 
tained by Ng Doon Foon and B. S. Fong. 
• • 

Oakland Center 
Benefit Dance 

While "Big Game" celebration dances 
were going on in more places than one 
among the Chinese in San Francisco on 
the evening of November 23, the recent- 
ly organized Oakland Chinese Center 
also conducted a dance and social in its 
respective community, at which more 
than 600 people attended. The affair was 
held at the Danish Hall, 164 Eleventh 
Street, and the program consisted of mo- 
tion pictures (for the benefit of young- 
sters), bridge, mah jong, and dancing. 
More than 40 gate prizes were awarded 
to holders of lucky numbers, and the 
affair was considered a complete success 
by the committees in charge of the pro- 
gram. 

Sportsmanship Here! 
Cards - Bears Dine 

For the first time in "Big Game" his- 
tory the Stanford Chinese Students' Club, 
led by Won Loy Chan, president, spon- 
sored a benefit dance on the evening of 
the Big Game at Trianon Hall in San 
Francisco. Alumni members and stu- 
dents of both universities, together with 
their friends, met and enjoyed an even- 
ing of social games and entertainment, 
which served to renew pleasant memories 
of old college days. 

Before the game all California stu- 
dents and Alumni members were invited 
to a buffet luncheon at the Stanford 
Chinese Students club house. 

MARY CHIN ENTERTAINS 

Mary Chin, who works for the 365 
Club, was hostess at a party at her home, 
60 John Street, last Sunday night. Many 
of her friends attended. The occasion 
marked a birthday anniversary. 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



CATHAY POST ENTERTAINS 

The Cathay Post and Auxiliary enter- 
tained the Twin Peaks Post and Auxil- 
iary last Monday in a membership drive 
sponsored by the visiting chapter. Nearly 
two hundred visitors were taken through 
Chinatown on a special sightseeing trip 
under the auspices of the Chinese Trade 
and Travel Association, with Mr. Ernest 
Lum and Ben Wan giving lectures on 
Chinese religion and philosophy. This 
was followed by a trip to the Chinese 
theater, where members of the Cathay 
Post attempted to explain the mysteries 
of the age old drama of sword fights and 
gestures. Speeches were made by Com- 
mander Cunningham of the visiting 
post, Commander Jean K. Wong, who 
planned the occasion, and Mrs. Grace 
Lee of the Cathay Auxiliary. 

• • 
SMITH TO ADDRESS 
FELLOWSHIP MEETING 

Alden Smith, former president of the 
Associated Students of the University of 
California, who recently returned from 
a tour in Europe, will speak to the Chi- 
nese Union Fellowship meeting Sunday 
evening, Dec. 1, at the Chinese Baptist 
Church. Mr. Smith was a delegate to the 
International Students Convention at 
Geneva, Switzerland, and a member of 
the Oxford Group Movement that tra- 
veled thru-out the Continent. A supper 
will be held at six o'clock preceding his 
talk. Special musical numbers will be 
offered for the evening's program. 

• • 
BERGERS HAS CHINESE 
REPRESENTATIVE 

Mr. Tong Five, former sales repre- 
sentative of Hastings, is now with 
Bergers, well-known clothiers of this city. 
Mr. Tong, best known as the former art 
expert of Sing Fat Company, is now de- 
voting his time to introducing the latest 
in men's wear to Chinatown. "This win- 
ter's clothes will be sober in color but 
will have a snap faintly suggestive of 
the military. Berger's Fashion Park 
clothes are especially suited to Chinese 
build, giving a taller and more slender 
athletic effect to sturdy bodies," said Mr. 
Tong Five with his characteristic smile. 

Dead persons may be sent through 
the mails in the near future. The popu- 
lation of Canton, capital of Kwangtung 
province, China, was recently granted 
the unusual privilege of sending bones 
of the dead by parcel post. 



Richmond Elks Hold 
Chinese Night 

Richmond, Calif. Nov. 19, 1935— A 
concert by the Cathay band, an instru- 
mental trio from St. Mary's Catholic 
Chinese Center, and a solo by a pretty 
Chinese maid, singing popular American 
songs, together with an address by Victor 
Kwong of the Chinese Consulate Gen- 
eral's office were features at the Rich- 
mond Lodge, B. P. O. E. on the evening 
of Nov. 19. 

The program opened with an intro- 
duction of the Cathay Band by Mr. A. 
C. Lang, acting master of ceremonies, 
who also spoke briefly upon China and 
her problems at the present time. 

Following the opening march and 
overture, Miss Frances Chun, prettily 
attired in a Chinese gown, sang two pop- 
ular songs, accompanied by David Sum 
at the piano. Then came the Misses 
Catherine Chu, Anna Chu, and Helen 
Jow in an instrumental trio of two Chi- 
nese zithers and a Chinese viola (Woo 
Kum). The trio was prettily clad in 
Chinese silken gowns and furnished a 
real Chinese atmosphere for the occa 
sion. 

Mr. Kwong delivered a highly enlight- 
ening talk on China, on her past, her 
present and her future policies in inter- 
national affairs. He spoke of China's 
impassiveness in her recent crisis and the 
causes, and of its plans for drastic re- 
form in the near future. He also drew a 
picture of modern transportation which 
would bring the Orient to America with- 
in a period of four days by transpacific 
airplanes. He believed this would streng- 
then the bond of friendship existing be- 
tween America and the Republic in the 
Far East. The program concluded with a 
finale by the Cathay band. 



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NEW 
CENTURY 
BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Manufacturers of 

Orange Crush 

Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 

820 Pacific St. DOuglas 0547 

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STUDENTS ORGANIZE 

A group of Chinese students from 
Stanford University, San Jose State 
College, and San Mateo Junior College 
assembled last week in the Stanford Chi- 
nese Students' Club house and formed 
the Peninsula Chinese Students' Christ- 
ian Association. The purpose of the asso- 
ciation is to unite the Chinese students 
and young people of the peninsula to 
further the cultural relationship between 
Americans and Chinese; and to coop- 
erate with the C. S. C. A. in North Am- 
erica in propagating its activities. 

The officers are Chairman Charles 
Chao, Vice Chairman James Yee, Secre- 
tary and Treasurer Dorothy Fong, and 
Editor Will Lee. 

The first social gathering of the 
Association will be a weenie roast on 
Nov. 29 at 9 P. M. at Johnson Chan's 
ranch in Redwood City. Frances Jung is 
the chairman of the committee in charge 
of the affair. 

All Chinese are invited to attend. The 
proceeds will go toward a fund for send- 
ing a C. S. C. A. - W. D. representative 
to the Students' Volunteer Movement. 

• • 

BUSY DANCER 

Paul Jew, well-known tap dancer from 
Palo Alto, is "doing his stuff" at Los 
Angeles on the stage. He expects to tour 
the eastern states and Canada shortly. 

• • 

WAH YING ELECTS OFFICERS 

Results of the Wah Ying Club election 
were announced recently, with the foll- 
owing results: President, Andrew Sue; 
Secretary, Fred Chin; Treasurer, Arthur 
Hee; Social Chairman, Herbert Lee; 
Financial Chairman, Samuel Choy; Pro- 
motion Manager. Daniel Yee; and 
House Manager. Harry Tong. 

• • 

DAUGHTER BORN 

A daughter was born to the wife of 
Pun Wing Quan. 825 Sacramento St . 
on Nov. 13. 

• • 
SON BORN 

A son was born to the wife of 
Harry Joe Chuck, 1123 Stockton St., 
on Nov. 15. 

• • 

The stork paid the Choys a visit on 
November 15 .ind left with the mother. 
Mrs. Robert Choy, a baby boy. Both 
baby and mother are doing well. 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 5 



CHINATOWNI 



SONS OF AH LOUIE VISIT CITY 

Howard "Toby" and George "Prince," 
sons of Ah Louis, who conducts an 
Oriental art store in San Luis Obispo, 
visited San Francisco for several days. 

"Prince" was with the Roger Wolfe 
Kahn Orchestra of New York, playing 
an electric steel guitar, and is also an 
artist of Brunswick and Victor record 
fame. He has played at New York's 
Radio City, Rainbow Room, and the 
Miami Biltmore Country Club at Coral 
Gables, Florida. 

George drove out from New York 
City with his wife, and picked up his 
brother "Toby," well-known athlete, at 
San Luis Obispo for a brief visit in our 
fair city. Ah Louis, and his four sons 
(the other two are Walter and Fred) are 
well-known in San Francisco. 

Scout Troops Are 
Friendly Rivals 

A strong and vigorous spirit of 
friendly rivalry exists between the 
community's two Boy Scout organi- 
zations, Troops 3 and 34. Recently these 
troops were very much in the limelight 
due to civic activities in which China- 
town plays an important part. Some of 
the activities recalled are the celebration 
of the "double ten" — China's national 
independence day, the goodwill tour of 
a delegation of Scouts from China, the 
Century of Commerce fete, and, more 
recently, the send-off accorded the China 
Clipper on November 22 when the Pan- 
American Airways inaugurated its San 
Francisco-Manila line. 

On each and every occasion both 
troops marshalled all its man-power and 
tried to out-do each other in making a 
good showing. Troop Three envied 
Troop 34 because the latter has a larger 
troop, and Troop 34 envied the former 
because they knew more about scouting, 
being an older organization. 

Chingwah Lee, whose good work 
among Chinatown's boys is well-known, 
is Scoutmaster of Troop 3, and has been 
shortly after the troop's inception more 
than twenty years ago. His troop is made 
up predominantly of American-born 
youngsters. 

The Scoutmaster of Troop 34 is 
Mr. Frank Drady, who learned his 
scouting more than a decade ago. This 
troop is concurrently a member organi- 
zation of the C. Y. O. (Catholic Youth 
Organization) as it was established by 
the Catholic Chinese Social Center two 
months ago. Harry Gee is Assistant 
Scoutmaster of Troop 34, which at pre- 
sent has over 35 members. About half of 
the members are boys born in China. 



Star Dancer Here 

On a dance floor 

lights are dimmed, 

softened by colors of many hues, 

an orchestra fills the air 

with rhythmic melodies 

Suddenly she appears, 

a Chinese girl, 

gowned in black, 

in lovely contrast 

to her fair ivory skin. 

She is poised 

for a moment, 

like a bird 

before flight 

then, as if lured 

by the irresistible music, 

she dances 

gracefully, 

lightly she pirouettes 

across the floor, 

lovely, beautiful, exotic 

under the magic of subdued lights 

and enchanting music. 

As her dance ends, 

tremendous applause greets her. 

She bows, 

smiling, happy. 

Then she is gone. 

Presenting to you one of the current 
sensations of cafe entertainment, Miss 
Jadin Wong, who is appearing at the 
New Shanghai Cafe on Grant Avenue. 

Miss Jadin Wong, nee Ann Wong, 
was born in Marysville twenty years ago, 
reared and educated in Stockton grad- 
uating from high school there. Last year 
she went on the stage, singing and dan- 
cing her way to fame before audiences in 
Chicago, Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle, 
Vancouver, and San Francisco. She was 
acclaimed wherever she appeared. 

During her training period with the 
Fanchon and Marco school she was 
praised by Paul Gerson who said that 
she was one of the greatest potential 
stars of her race for the screen. Miss 
Wong is leaving early in December for 
Los Angeles, where she hopes to repeat 
her success there. 



FIRECRACKERS 



The 

GOLDEN STAR RADIO 
COMPANY 

RCA . PHILCO . WESTONE 

LOWEST REPAIR PRICES 

CONSISTENT WITH 

QUALITY WORK 

TIME PAYMENTS 

846 Clay St. CHina 2322 

San Francisco, California 



This column is conducted for 
the benefit of our readers, under 
which they may submit suggestions 
and comments on any and all 
topics pertaining to the Chinese 
people or brought forth in this 
newsmagazine. 

Contributions must be accom- 
panied by sender's name and ad- 
dress. No originals returned. 



Dear Editor: 

San Francisco once had a popular 
slogan, "Keep Your City Clean." 

The condition of the streets within 
Chinatown is deplorable. Discarded fur- 
niture, pieces of lumber, and other un- 
mentionables, not to say anything about 
papers, big and small, are not infre- 
quently thrown out into side streets and 
blind alleys, left there to be picked up by- 
some needy soul, or until the Chinatown 
squad orders them removed. 

If each one of us, who understands 
the importance of community co-oper- 
ation, would explain to our family and 
neighbors the necessity of clean streets 
and healthy surroundings, I am sure we 
can improve the appearance of China- 
town considerably. 

The city is doing its share in having 
the streets swept at regular intervals. 
Why don't we do our share by keeping 
it clean? 

J. Wong 
November 23. 

Welcomes Digest 



November 18, 1935 
Chinese Digest, 
Thomas Chinn, Editor, 
868 Washington Street., 
San Francisco, California. 

Dear Mr. Chinn: 

The Chinese Chamber of 
Commerce wish to extend hearty 
congratulations on the issuance 
of the CHINESE DIGEST. 

Without a doubt the paper 
serves a purpose sorely needed 
amongst the Chinese in America. 

It is with great pleasure, there- 
fore, that we wholeheartedly 
endorse your publication, and 
wish it every success. 

Sincerely yours, 

G. B. Lau, President, 
Chinese Chamber of Commerce. 



r^ 



Page 6 



CHINESE DICEST 



November 29, 1935 



WINGS TO CHINA 



Story of the 
of the Pacific 



America has swung into action an air- 
way to the Orient — a 9,000-mile aerial 
trtiilc route across the vast Pacific Ocean 
that bids fair to affect the course of world 
affairs by changing, from twenty-eight days 
to sixty brief flying hours, the interval be- 
tween the Western World and the far-off 
Orient; that will give American commerce 
a high road to the billion-dollar markets 
of the teeming East, and make neighbors 
of peoples half the world apart. 

This is the second article which tells, 
for the first time, of the remarable organi- 
zation and planning behind this ocean- 
bridgmg airway: of its pioneering; the 
ships and men that arc to be geared to the 
task,; what the service is to be, and some 
of the effects of this new, dynamic link 
between the hemispheres. 



By WILLIAM VAN DUSEN 

Early in October, after three years of 
carefully guarded construction and test- 
ing, the first of the great Martin flying- 
boats, built to the specifications of Col- 
onel Charles A. Lindbergh, Pan-Ameri- 
can's Technical Adviser, and their engi- 
neers, and designed for trans-ocean serv- 
ice, was trundled out of her great han- 
gar at the Baltimore plant of the Glenn 
L. Martin Company for her first public 
preview. To be named the "China Clip- 
per," 

As she lay moored, awaiting her first 
passenger flight across that same Chesa- 
peake Bay from which the first "Yankee 
Clippers" led to the China Seas just a 
century before, 30 excited passengers 
trooped aboard. A crew of five and a 
group of the airline's officials brought 
the total to 43. Soon Captain Edwin 
Musick had lifted the ship off the water 
for an hour's flight to Washington and 
return. 

Inside the ship's three cabins and 
large lounge room the passengers sat in 
broad arm chairs or walked curiously 
about, trying out the two berths set up 
just as they will be on the overnight 
flights beween Hawaii and San Francisco, 
peering up into the control compart- 
ment at myriad instruments, testing the 
Pullman-car quiet that the cabins re- 
tained in spite of the roar of four great 
800-horsepower motors. 
Heritage of Historic Clippers 

A century previously, visitors to the 
first of the Clipper sailing ships must 
have gotten much the same thrilling im- 
pression of extreme beauty of construc- 
tion. They, too, must have clambered 
about from stem to stern, unwilling to 
miss a single detail. 

For these suDer-modern flying-boats 
and the sailing ships which long ago won 



Development of the Great Aviation 
By Aeroplane and the Linking of China 

supremacy for our commerce on seven 
seas, have a great deal more in common 
than the mere name of "Clipper." 

The beauty of both is a beauty of hull 
line and great surfaces designed from 
airflow principles. The function of both 
is to achieve the highest speeds over 
world-scale distances of any transport 
methods. The destiny of the sailing clip- 
pers was to give American industry a pre- 
eminent position in trade with the Orient. 
The flying clippers promise no less an 
achievement. 
Revolutionary Airplanes Demanded 

Four years ago Pan American's speci- 
fications for such flying-boats as the 
Martin and Sikorsky Clippers made air- 
plane designers gasp. In 1931 no flying- 
boat had ever covered the 2,400 miles of 
ocean between California and Hawaii. 
Only one had ever come near it. And 
it had drifted, fuel exhausted, for four 
days before making land on one of the 
tiny islands of the group. In 1931 land- 
planes on the airlines within the United 
States cruised at speeds of from 120 to 
130 miles an hour. 

Yet Pan American officials announced 
that the ships they wanted for trans- 
oceanic service must be able to carry 
enough fuel for 3,000 miles even against 
a headwind, and in addition a large 
enough load of mail, passengers and ex- 
press to allow reasonable rates to yield 
enough income to pay expenses. 

More startling yet, the Pan American 
specifications called for cruising speeds 
of over 150 m.p.h. and absolute sea- 
worthiness. 
"Couldn't Be Done" 

Five out of six airplane manufactur- 
ers queried on the project of building 
such aircraft called the task impossible. 
But Igor Sikorsky, who had been build- 
ing larger and larger planes for the 
company's Latin-American routes, agreed 
to tackle a 19-ton flying-boat which 
would be of immediate use in the Brazil- 
ian Division and fulfill all of the trans- 
oceanic conditions. By the summer of 
1932 he had accepted a contract to build 
three such ships at his Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut factory, at a price of #1.000,- 
000. Seven more have been ordered 
since. 

And Glenn Martin, who had built 
scores of great airplanes for the United 
State* undertook to build three 25^- 
ton ships to meet all the company's speci- 
cations for a contract price of #1,200,- 
000. 

Both Sikorsky and Martin knew they 
had taken on the most difficult problems 



Project, the Crossing 
with the United States 

they had faced in 20 years' experience. 

But they also knew they would have 
engines more powerful per unit weight 
than any previous flying-boat designers 
had had available and more efficient 
propellers. And many of the materials 
they would use were stronger and lighter, 
too, than those that had gone into earlier 
planes. All these things would help. 
Intense Research Aided 

Long exhaustive wind tunnel tests 
were carried out to find which shapes 
and dimensions and relationships of hull 
and wing and controls would give the 
proper lifting force with the least resist- 
ance to forward motion. Other models 
were tested in water channel laboratories 
to determine the best bottom hull con- 
tours for seaworthiness and ease of take- 
off. 

Specialists in structural design began 
countless computations. Experts had once 
been convinced that large airplanes 
were characteristically inefficient load 
carriers, that the larger the empty weight 
of a plane the smaller the proportion of 
that weight could it carry in fuel and 
commercial load. Some of the land 
planes used by the trans-oceanic fliers 
of the late twenties had carried as much 
useful weight as they had weighed them- 
selves. No big ship could ever do this, 
said the experts, and proved it by 
geometry. 

But what the experts had overlooked 
was the possibility of turning size from a 
liability to an asset through making 
every part of the structure carry some 
part of the load. 

A small plane, for example, can carry 
only the most local of loads in its fabric 
covering. Designers of large planes were 
learning to make the covering of metal 
and then reinforce that metal skin to 
take a large part of the loads that form- 
erly required heavy spars and bracing 
tubes. 
Full Scale "Blue Prints" Made 

Martin engineers had gone a long w.iv 
towards this "efficiency of large struc- 
tures" in some of their recent designs for 
Army bombers. Sikorsky had approach- 
ed it in some of his medium-s-zed bo.itv 
In these "Clippers" both designers sim- 
ply had to achieve the triumph of keep- 
ing heir structural weight to half the 
gross load the plane could lift. 

At both factories, too, great full-scale 
reproductions were made of the c.ibin 
interiors. Not onlv to study the dic- 
tion of control cables, wiring, plumbing, 
structural members and the like, but also 
(Continued on Page 14) 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 7 



HUNDRED NAMES 



CHIANG SPEAKS ON CHINA'S NEW FOREIGN POLICY 



CHIANG SPEAKS ON CHINA 

"Spiritual regeneration and material 
reconstruction" are the two things upon 
which China may hope to strive for 
independence and equality among na- 
tions, according to Chiang Kai-shek, 
generalissimo of the Chinese army and 
pillar of the Chinese National Govern- 
ment in a speech at the fifth national 
congress of the Kuomintang recently 
held at Nanking. The success or failure 
of China's future, he added, hinged on 
the balanced progress of these two needs. 

On the question of foreign relations, 
Chiang was quoted as saying: 

"There is no perpetual friendship nor 
everlasting enmity among nations." 
Statesmen Must Weigh Needs 

Statesmen in forming foreign policy 
according to the general, must therefore 
consider the interest of the people as a 
whole and weigh the relative urgency as 
well as expediency of the various require- 
ments. Moreover, a nation seeking salva- 
tion must apply diligently to the task 
and do its utmost to help its nationals, 
he added. 

"Revolutionary process is still going 
on in China and we in the heat of the 
conflict between the old and the new 
order of things, and in the midst of 
criticisms and obstacles, must not forget 
the fundamental work of building a 
strong national foundation. 

"We must also learn to adjust our- 
selves to the quickly changing condi- 
tions in our relations with other nations 
and act speedily as occasion may re- 
quire. However, the object of our ince- 
ssant striving is nothing more than our 
existence as a nation and coexistence 
with other countries in the family of 
nations. 

Should Practice Forbearance 

"Finally," General Chiang said, "from 
the three points mentioned above we 
may draw the conclusion that if inter- 
national developments do not menace 
our national existence or block the way 
of our national regeneration, we should 
in view of the interest of the whole 
nation, practice forbearance in facing 
issues not of fundamental nature. At 
the same time, we should seek harmon- 
ious international relations provided 
there is no violation to our sovereignty. 
We should seek econmoic cooperation 
based upon the principal of equality and 
reciprocity. Otherwise, we should abide 
by the decision of the Party and of the 
nation to reach an absolute determin- 



GEN. CHIANG KAI-SHEK 



BRIEF BIOGRAPHY SKETCH 



Short, interesting biographical 
sketches or antecdotes about Chi- 
nese currently in the eyes of the 
world will be found regularly 
under the above heading in the 
Chinese Digest 



General Chiang-Kai-Shek, Chairman of 
the National Government, Commander 
of the National Military, Naval, and air 
forces, and President of the Executive 
Yuan, was born in 1888 at Feng-hwa, 
Chekiang province. 

In 1907, when he was 19 years of age, 
he went to Japan for a course in military 
science at the Tokyo Military Academy. 
He remained in Japan for four years. 

When the first revolution broke out in 
1911, Chiang returned to China and was 
appointed a commander in the 83rd 
brigade at Shanghai. His forces partici- 
pated in the capture of Shanghai from 
the Imperial forces. Although only a 
youth, Chiang's ability as a military 
leader was recognized on this occasion. 

In 1920 he gave up military activities 
and became an exchange broker in 
Shanghai for a few months, but in 1923 
he went to Canton and was appointed 
principal of the Whampoa Cadet School, 
where he won his first outstanding mili- 
tary distinction in connection with the 
suppression of the revolt of the Canton 
Volunteers. Late in 1924 he command- 
ed a force in several successful expedi- 

ation. As far as I am concerned, I will 
not evade my responsibility. We shall 
not forsake peace until there is no hope 
for peace. We shall not talk lightly of 
sacrifice until we are driven to the last 
extremity which makes sacrifice inevi- 
table. 

Life of Nation, Infinite 
"Sacrifice of an individual is insigni- 
ficant but sacrifice of a nation is a 
mighty thing, for the life of an indivi- 
dual is finite while life of a nation is 
infinite. Granted a limit to conditions 
for peace and a determination to make 
the supreme sacrifice we should exert 
our best efforts to preserve peace with 
determination to make the final sacrifice 
in order to consolidate and regenerate 
our nation. This, I believe, is the basic 
policy of our Party for salvation and 
upbuilding of our nation." 
• • 



tions along the East River. Following 
this, he again won laurels by helping to 
defeat Kwangsi and Yunnanese forces, 
which had rebelled agains Dr. Sun Yat- 
Sen. 

In 1925 he stormed and captured the 
supposedly impregnable fort at Weichow, 
and then cleaned up the Swatow and 
Chaochow districts of rebels. In July, 
1926, he was appointed to the command 
of the Northern Expedition to the 
Yangtze River, an expedition which was 
eminently successful in advancing 

through Hunan province and ultimately 
capturing Hankow, which was then con- 
trolled by General Wu Pei-fu. General 
political genus was displayed in this cam- 
paign through his utilization of the 
power of political propaganda in win- 
ning the masses of people to the support 
of the Nationalist Revolution and under- 
mining the power of the old time mili- 
tarists who had ruled this section on the 
basis of feudalistic control of territory. 

Following the occupation of the Wu- 
Han district, General Chiang directed his 
attention to the Lower Yantze district, 
which was held by another Northern 
militarist, Sun Chuang-fang, recently 
assassinated. Sun's forces were defeated 
in Kiangsi and Fukien and finally driven 
out of Chekiang. In 1927, his Fengtien 
allies were also defeated and Shanghai 
occupied. 

Shortly afterwards, Communists insti- 
gated an attack on foreign consular of- 
ficials and missionaries. General Chiang 
came to the conclusion that the Nation- 
alist Government must divorce itself 
from the Communists. The Soviet Rus- 
sian advisors were denounced. Steps were 
taken for the establishment of a sepa- 
rate government at Nanking. In the 
summer of 1927 he retired for a period, 
but returned and was called to the direc- 
tion of affairs at Nanking. 

In December, 1927, General Chiang 
was married to Miss Meiling Soong, 
younger sister of Madame H. H. Kung, 
T. V. Soong and Madame Sun Yat-sen. 

In 1928 General Chiang was elected 
Chairman of the National Government 
at Nanking. In 1929 and 1930 he re- 
sumed active command of Government 
troops in suppressing rebel troops of 
Kwangsi, headed by Yen Hsi-shan and 
Feng Yu-hsiang and assisted by the Left 
Wing leader of the Kuomintang, Wang 
Ching-wei. 



IT*} 



■^ 



V 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, $2.00; Per copy, 5c 

Not responsible for contributions 
unaccompanied by return postage 

STAFF 

CHING WAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY Associate Editor 

FRED GEORGE WOO Sports 

CLARA CHAN Fashions 

ETHEL LUM ■- Sociology 

ROBERT G. POON __ Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising 



Airlines in China 

While the Pan-American Airways is inaugurating 
the epoch-making 9,000-mile flight from San Francisco 
to Manila, commercial airlines in China are likewise 
making plans for the extension of two skyways now 
already operating in the country. 

In North China the Chinese National Aviation 
Corporation, a government controlled enterprise sup- 
ervised by the Pan-American, is proposing the resump- 
tion of regular airplane service between Shanghai and 
Chengtu, the capital of Szechwan Province, far to the 
northwest. Mail and passenger service between Shang- 
hai and Chungking, the latter city only several hun- 
dred miles from Chengtu, has been in operation for 
several years. When the Shangtai-Chengtu line is 
resumed it will not be long before extension to Lhassa, 
capital of Tibet, will be considered. When that has 
come to pass the immensity of the country will not seem 
so formidable to those whose task it is to govern it. 

In Canton the Southwest Aviation Company is 
contemplating the extension of its present Canton- 
Lungchow-Kwangsi mail and passenger line to Hanoi, 
capital of French Indo-China. Already the Kwangtung 
provincial government is negotiating with Air France 
regarding this service, and a definite decision is to be 
reached within three months. Air France has operated 
a Hanoi-to-Paris line for some time. 

In proposing the Canton-Lungchow-Hanoi airline 
the Kwangtung authorities may meet with the protest 
of Japan because such a line means a commercial agree- 
ment between China and a foreign country, and Japan 
has not been given the same opportunity thus far to 
negotiate any agreement whereby she may open a Japan- 
China service. 

Mass Marriages 

From Toi-Shan also comes news of the first 
mass marriages to be performed in that district when 
three young couples were united in wedlock in the dis- 
trict government assembly hall, witnessed by several 
officials and the families of the brides and grooms and 
their friends. 

Patterned after the social custom now being prac- 
ticed in Germany, Italy, and Russia, mass marriages 
were inaugurated by the Chinese National Government 
some months ago in an effort to do away with the 
extravagant expense incidental to the age-old marriage 
customs and ceremonies of the country. It was also 
thought that this change in social custom would en- 



Underdogs as Scapegoats 

"A lean dog shames its master'' — Chinese proverb. 

The Sunday Oregonian, a very representative paper 
of the City of Portland (Oregon), broke out this week 
with a full page article depicting lottery as a perennial 
Chinese racket, too skillfully operated ever to be suc- 
cessfully suppressed by the police and city officials. Let 
us loog at the facts. 

Oregon was once populated by a hardy stock of 
true American pioneers. Side by side with them were 
some 15,000 Chinese who contributed much to the build- 
ing of the state — logging, operating saw mills, farming, 
and road building. There were no conflicts between 
the two groups of pioneers, but a feeling of admiration 
for each other existed. 

At the turn of the century, a heavy influx of Mid- 
dle West and Eastern laborers, farm hands, and immi- 
grants, hit Oregon. Unions were organized, and their 
agitators soon dominated politics, with Portland as 
headquarters. Conditions were so intolerable that even 
some of the hardy pioneers "took to the wilds" for their 
freedom. 

The Chinese were, of course, caught in this melee 
*^d they suffered heavily. They were kept out of 
forest and field work. They were kept out of unions 
and all lines of unionized industries. They were kept 
out of public works, civil service, and professions. Their 
number dropped from 15,000 in 1900 to 2,000 in 1935. 

The remaining 2,000 did not leave Oregon because 
~ r their deep attachment to the great state which they 
have learned to love. As one of them said, 'Put me 
in Canton, or even in Los Angeles, and I would feel 
I'ke a foreigner. I cannot be happy without the air per- 
fumed by tall trees and water which has baptized 
mountains." More than two-thirds of them are Amer- 
ican born, and they are American in feeling, in educa- 
tion, and in habit. 

It was because all lines of endeavor were closed 
to them that the weaker of the unemployed turned to 
lotterv as their means of livelihood. Contrary to gen- 
eral belief, lottery selling is hard work. It means 
rebuffs, sneers, frequent arrests, and hours of tiresome 
hoofing and stair climbing after dimes and nickels. 
Nine out of ten would gladly junk lottery peddling 
in favor of a good decent job. 

Even ambitious politicians have turned to attack 
lotterv as f me?ns of attaining higher office. The reason 
is clear. It is because lottery is the mildest, and least 
entrenched form of vices in Portland. Of course, lot- 
terv must go. But let these politicians include the 
•^aior rackets in their house cleanings. Let them exDose 
~u„ r( ,j Ijght activities. Let them clean up the gambling 
tables behind nool 'oonn and beer parlors. Above all, 
' u en-i find jobs for the underdogs. 

courage the young to marry while they are young, and 
without having to save or borrow money in order to 
put on a great showing when they marry. It was 
thought also that the superstitious customs of yes- 
teryears, such as the choosing of a lucky day for the 
marriage by the consultation of astrologers and for- 
tune-tellers, and the incessant and endless libations 
offered to the departed souls of the family ancestors 
to insure the happiness and fecundity of the unions, 
would be done away with. 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 9 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



WILLIAM HOY 



The Magazine Reader 

In Room 416 in the Library of the 
University of California at Berkeley, is 
to be found a collection of Chinese books 
which is said to be surpassed only by the 
collections in the Library of Congress 
and the Newberry Library of Chicago, 
and stands on a par with the Chinese 
libraries of Columbia and Harvard Uni- 
versities. It contains Chinese works from 
private collections "which can no longer 
be duplicated even in China," an en- 
tire set of the Chinese Imperial Encyclo- 
pedia of 316 books — the greatest refer- 
ence work in Chinese, larger than the 
Encyclopedia Brittanica — an officially 
compiled history of the Manchu Dynasty, 
bilingual dictionaries, and numerous 
other works invaluable to scholars and 
students interested in China and things 
Chinese. The entire collection number 
25,000 volumes. 
Gives Library 

A description of the founding and 
growth of this Chinese Library is given 
"California Monthly." 
"California Monthly. 

This library began when Dr. Kiang 
Kang-hu the eminent scholar and so- 
cialist, presented his entire private library 
to the university in 1916. His collection 
comprised 1,600 works in 13,600 vol- 
umes. In that year Dr. Kiang became 
a member of the faculty of the Depart- 
ment of Oriental Languages. This collec- 
tion was what remained of a library of 
more than 50,000 volumes, which had 
taken Dr. Kiang's family many genera- 
tions to acquire. 

Another large private collection was 
willed to the library by Dr. John Fryer, 
Agassiz Professor of Oriental Languages 
and Literature at the University from 
1896 to 1914. Included in this particu- 
lar collection is the "Chinese Imperial 
Encyclopedia," an unsurpassable refer- 
ence work completed about 1730 under 
the Emperor K'anf Hsi. This Encyclo- 
pedia is divided into six main sections: 
heaven, earth man, arts and sciences, 
philosophy and political science. 

Dr. Fryer, a Britisher, was one time 
supervisor of a translation bureau of the 
Imperial Chinese Government during 
the Manchu regime. He has translated 
many occidental scientific works into 
Chinese. 

From Professor Edward Thomas Will- 
iams the University acquired another 
large collection of Chinese books, which 
at present is kept in Room 420. Dr. 
Williams was one time chief of the Di- 
vision of Far Eastern Affairs of the 
U. S. Government. 



Lowell Thomas, explorer, author, 
radio news broadcaster, and comment- 
ator, has written the little known but 
extraordinary story of "The First Chi- 
nese Explorer" in the November issue 
of Asia. 

Romance, Adventure, Drama 

It is the story of the travels of intrepid 
Chang K'ien, who lived in the reign of 
the emperor Wu Ti in the Han Dynasty. 
The travels of this explorer from Chang- 
an (modern Sian, in Shensi) is full of 
romance, adventure, and dramatic ele- 
ments as author Thomas has written it. 

China in 140 B. C. was anxious to 
expand its silk trade with distant coun- 
tries, but to the south, west, and north- 
west she was surrounded by unfriendly 
tribes of robbers and semi-barbarians. In 
the west, especially, she faced the power- 
ful and cruel Huns. To seek a trade 
route to the west it was necessary to 
cross the country of the Huns, and for 
this task a man of intrepid daring, saga- 
city, and resourcefulness was needed. 
Chang K'ien, a yeoman in the Imperial 
Household, was chosen. His task was to 
make an alliance with the Yue-chi tribe 
far to the west "somewhere in Asia." 
Appointed as first Chinese ambassador 
to the King of Yue-chi, he was given a 
retinue of 100 men and started on his 
journey in 138 B. C. 

Adventure, Hardship, Danger 

The journey across the mountainous 
region of north China, through the cold 
Mongolian and Siberian frontiers, across 

Endowment 

The Chinese library has also benefitted 
from an endowment given by General 
Horace W. Carpentier. His endowment 
of more than #100,000 was left for the 
purchase of books "relating to the five 
great areas of Oriental civilization." 

The article went on to describe the 
efforts to make this great collection con- 
veniently available for the use of stu- 
dents, scholars and scientists who wish to 
delve into the early Oriental history of 
pharmacy and agriculture. Pearl Ng, a 
graduate of the University of Librarian- 
ship is a member of the staff. Her serv- 
ice is invaluable in cataloging and index- 
inf? the collection. 

"In preservng and augmenting the 
finest Chinese collection in the West, the 
University is performing a public service 
of very considerable value. As the de- 
velopment of trade in the Pacific area 
becomes of constantly more vital con- 
cern to California, this admirable Chi- 
nese library . . . must inevitably become 
more and more a valuable feature of the 
University," the author concluded. 



some of the highest ranges in Central 
Asia, was full of adventure, hardship, 
and unknown danger. The big adventure 
came when Chang K'ien and his men 
were waylaid and caught by the Huns. 
He was brought before Lou Shang, chief 
of the Huns, who committed him to be 
imprisoned. Most of Chang K'ien's men 
had been killed in their first encounter 
with the Huns, and the remaining ones 
were also put under guard. 

Lived Among Huns 

Romance entered when, as Chang 
K'ien was being led away to imprison- 
ment "a pair of luminous black eyes 
looks with more than interest on the 
handsome young Chinese envoy. And 
even an envoy of the great Emperor Wu 
Ti may be excused if he returns the 
glance." For ten years Chang K'ien lived 
among the Huns, and during that time 
married a princess of the tribe, "she 
with the luminous black eyes," and she 
bore him a son. 

When he made his escape, his princess- 
wife and son went with him, and also 
T'ang-i-Fu, a crack bowman who was 
the only one left of Chang K'ien's men. 
Remembered Mission 

The Chinese explorer had not forgot- 
ten his mission, so across more mount- 
ains and deserts he went until the four 
of them reached that region later known 
as Ferghana, in the year 128 B.C. 

Through all the regions he had passed 
Chang K'ien had noted the customs and 
life of the various peoples, their re- 
sources, their agriculture and degree of 
civilization. The travels of this explorer 
added tremendous knowledge to the geo- 
graphy of his time. 

Finally Chang K'ien reached his des- 
tination, the court of the King of Yue- 
chi. To the Chinese the region was then 
known as Ta-hia. In later centuries, it 
became part of Bokhara and Samarkand. 

Later, the Chinese envoy went further 
west to Bactria, and here he gahered 
more informaion of oher countries such 
as Chaldea, Syria, and India. He also 
heard reports of a nation far to the west, 
which was daily growing in power. This 
was the great Roman Empire, destined 
to become a big customer for China's 
silk. 

Goes Farther West 

After spending a whole year in the 
Yue-chi country, Chang K'ien started 
home, choosing a slightly different way, 
"partly for the sake of surveying an 
alternative route across Central Asia, 
partly to avoid the territory of the 
Hiung-nu (Huns)." 

(Continued on Page 14) 



Page 10 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 



COM MUNITY WELFARE 



ETHEL LUM 



Evangelistic Services 
Rendered Inmates 

For more than seven years Chinese 
inmates of San Quentin have gained 
spiritual peace and comfort from the 
evangelistic services rendered by Chinese 
ministers from the local churches. This 
program, inaugurated and sponsored 
jointly by the Chinese Y. M. C. A. and 
Chinese Christian Union Church of 
San Francisco, includes the preaching of 
the gospel in the institution, and the 
maintaining of contacts and relaying of 
messages between the prisoners and 
their families. 

On the second Sunday of each month, 
a group service at 8:15 A. M. convenes 
all the Chinese prisoners to listen to a 
spiritual message brought to them in 
their own tongue. Again, on the third 
Friday of the month, from 9:30 A. M. 
to 3 P. M., they have the privilege of 
individual consultations with the visiting 
minister. Occasionally, on Chinese New 
Year, Christmas, and other holidays, the 
Chinese community participates by con- 
tributing money or gifts. 

Rev. Tse Kei Yuen of the Chinese 
Presbyterian Church has directed this 
program and has pledged himself to this 
work from the very beginning, assisted 
by Rev. Leong Bing Yee of the Chinese 
Congregational Church, and Rev. Chan 
Sing Kai, formerly of the Chinese 
Methodist Church. Their efforts 
have been well rewarded by the eager 
welcome always extended to them at each 
visit. Several hundred hearts have been 
touched, and since the first baptism, 
which took place in the prison Oct. 17, 
1933, 26 Chinese have been converted to 
the christian faith. The gospel messages 
are now a source of guidance and con- 
solation to the 81 Chinese at the prison 
where almost 6000 convicts are confined. 

One can offer no better testimony of 
what such a program has meant to these 
prisoners than to quote from the many 
letters written to Rev. Tse. "I was once 
lost," one wrote, "but I thank the Lord 
that he sent you to find me." "My cal- 
amity has become my joy, for I have 
found my salvation this day," still an- 
other wrote. Many of them, strengthened 
by their faith, learned to face the death 
penalty with calmness and utter lack of 
fear. "They have been so moved to repen- 
tance," stated Rev. Tse, "that if given 
another chance, thev will, I am certain, 
lead better and different lives." 



Chinese Hospital 
Campaign On 

A total of 78 Chinese were given 
hospitalization and medical treatments 
and 185 other persons were treated and 
examined at the clinic of the Chinese 
Hospital, during the ten months ending 
Oct. 31, according to a report just re- 
leased by Ginn P. Louie, superintendent 
of the hospital. 

Of the total sick persons given aid, 
most of them were only part-pay pa- 
tients and some were given free treat- 
ments throughout their stay. Those 
treated at the clinic were charity pa- 
tients. A total of 736 examinations were 
so given, an average of 4 treatments per 
patient. 

During the ten month period covered 
by the report more than 100 persons, 
mostly children, were vaccinated and 
given dental attention. Six aged Chinese 







were referred for care to the Laguna 
Honda Home, and 1 1 were recom- 
mended to the San Francisco County 
Hospital. A special work done by the 
Hospital this year was that the children 
of 14 families on State or County relief 
were given examinations. 

The total financial maintence of the 
hospital during the ten months cited by 
the report was #9,495.52. As an agency 
of the Community Chest, the Chinese 
Hospital receives around $6000 a year 
from that source. For the remaining 
funds necessary for its support, a large 
part comes from the hospital's $ 100,000 
Endowment Fund, from occasional con- 
tributions from Chinese and American 
philanthropists, and from fees received 
from patients. 

• • 

A son was born on Nov. 16 to the wife 
of Quong C. Siu, 1125 Grant Ave. San 
Francisco, Calif. 



Chinese Scouts Gain 

The Scout movement in Chinatown re- 
ceived a great stimulant when a represen- 
tative troop of 15 Chinese Boy Scouts 
from China visited San Francisco recent- 
ly. They were sent by the Chinese Na- 
tional Government to participate in the 
World Boy Scout Jamboree at Washing- 
ton, D. C. When this event was sudden- 
ly called off because of an epidemic of 
infantile paralysis, these Scouts were 
authorized to go on a "good will" tour 
of the United States. They were warmly 
and enthusiastically welcomed by all 
groups and societies in the Chinese Com- 
munity. Their stay in San Francisco 
lasted about two weeks, ending Septem- 
ber 20. 

Immediately following their visit, 
Troop 3, then the only troop of Chinese 
Scouts in San Francisco, reported an in- 
crease of 45 in its membership. The St. 
Mary's Catholic Chinese Troop 34 was 
in the process of formation. The interest 
in scouting engendered by the remark- 
able display of talents shown by these 
boys from the Motherland hastened the 
growth of this troop, which was formally 
installed into the Boy Scout organization 
on September 20, with a membership of 
35. Chinese Girls' Scout Troop 14, or- 
ganized in 1932 at the Chinese Presby- 
terian Church, now has a membership 
of 21. 

Although two of these troops were 
chartered under the sponsorship, either 
directly or indirectly, of churches in the 
Chinese Community, membership in 
them is open to all, with no restrictions 
as to denomination or creed. 

The recreational and educational op- 
portunities offered to Chinese youth 
are not only helpful in character guid- 
ance and citizenship training but are 
also instrumental in decreasing the per- 
cent of delinquency problems among the 
adolescent. Since Chinatown, both old 
and young, has had a "taste" of the 
achievements scouting can accomplish, 
there is every indication that several 
other troops, for boys and girls, will 
soon be organized in the community. 
Eventually there may evolve a strong fcd- 
pr?tion of Chinese Scouts in America. 



Buy Your Next Pair of Shoes 
at the 

COMFORT SHOE 
STORE 

754 Grant Ave. CHina 2288 

San Francisco, California 



November 29, 1935 



CHI NESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



FAS 



IONS 



CLARA CHAN 



Seen and Heard 
On Big Game Night 

By Oy Lin Wong 

"It seems that New York is completely 
out of competition as far as pretty girls 
are concerned," was a remark overheard 
from a well known visitor from New 
York. A more brilliant profusion of 
color and style has seldom been witnessed 
at any one gathering. Such was the case 
of the Big Game dance held under the 
auspices of the Stanford Chinese Stu- 
dent club at Trianon Ballroom. 
Beautiful Gowns 
Talking to Miss Clara Chan, I re- 
marked about the very distinguished 
wife of our Honorable Chinese Consul 
General Huang. Combining the tradi- 
tional dress of China with the occi- 
dental short jacket, Mrs. Huang created 
a very lovely picture in pink satin. 

Another Chinese gown worn by Mrs. 
Leland Kimlau was of pale blue. I think 
that I had better become very confiden- 
tial and tell all of our charming young 
ladies that white net over pastel shades 
should be very popular as was effected 
in this particular dress. 

Miss Betty Won's dress was of peri- 
winkle blue crepe. Low V neck in front 
two slits from either shoulder to the 
waistline in back, and a braided silver 
stand up collar caught by two large cry- 
stal buttons in front. This silver braid 
was also carried out in the belt. 

Of course, I had to take time out to 
dance myself, but with one half turn 
around the floor, I noticed such a lovely 
black dress that I had to stop dancing. 
Black Taffeta and Rhinestones 
Virginia Quan was the very charming 
young lady who wore black taffeta with 
adornment rhinestone clips at front of 
the neck. Pleated ruffles made the halter 
collar and the shoulder line was carried 
to form a half bodice in the back. These 
ruffles were also used as peplum below 
the waist line and the skirt was extremely 
full. Gardenias were worn diagonally in 
back of her hair. 

My dance was again interrupted by 
Dr. Helen Tong Chinn, who seemed to 
lave the faculty of losing one or both 
jf her rhinestone earrings all evening. 
)r. Chinn's gown was of white silk, with 
a profusion of embroidered flowers at 
the bottom of the skirt. The top of the 
dress was very simple in line, with a cape 
collar of white lapin with inserts of 
Chinese embroideries. Her gay person- 
ality added zest to the whole affair. 
New York Visitor 
Speaking of overhearing things, I 
must mention our charming visitor 

— *^» — m - •=■ 



from New York, Mrs. George (Prince) 
Wong. Her gown was of black crepe, 
square neck, long sleeves slit from the 
shoulder to a tight cuff at the wrist, very 
tailored and simple in line, with a black 
corded belt. Her only adornment was a 
corsage of gardenias worn straight across 
the front neckline. 

Not only was San Francisco repre- 
sented at this Big Game dance but Oak- 
land had its representation of lovely girls. 
Miss Ada Chan wore a gown of rose 
crepe, the neckline in front to the waist 
line in back was of lace interwoven with 
gold thread. Rhinestone clips on a 
square neckline, and a fitted skirt com- 
pleted the costume. 




Virginia Quan 

Coming back to San Francisco again, 
I noticed Mrs. Hayne Hall in stunning 
white crepe. Princess neckline with 
rhinestone straps, and a fitted semi-full 
skirt made this one of the attractive 
gowns of the evening. 

Just a hint, girls; we hear that the 
princess skirt will be very popular this 
season. A profusion of sequins, both for 
cape collars and jackets will also be very 
correct. Fur capes are also coming into 
their own again, being used not only 
for evening wraps but also for shawl 
length collars. 



Head First Into Winter 

Hats are the first and last words in a 
fashion story. They can be a private 
danger or a public menace. Men are 
acutely aware of this. And no wonder! 
Just as it takes a first rate fashion artist 
to know how to draw a hat "rightly" on 
an imaginary head, so it takes a very 
"fashion-sensitive" woman to know how 
to wear a hat to her best advantage. 

For the tall woman — your hat is go- 
ing to bow its head this winter and rush 
recklessly out in front of you; the brim 
will thrust itself aggressively into the 
wind and shoot forward like a nosedive. 
Extreme? Oh-oooo — swallow your cau- 
tiousness, try one on! You are the ones 
who can get away with gay flowers, 
large bows and smart feathers that are 
"the thing" on velvets, fur felts and 
fabrics this winter. 

Oh, you lucky medium-sized woman 
who possesses a perfect face! How the 
girl with a mighty nose, furrowed fore- 
head, or the one with sallow skin would 
envy you in an "off the face," knowing 
perfectly well she can never get away 
with one. 

For those with very buxom cheeks, 
don't try on pill boxes or tambourines, 
and for the haggard looking, a decora- 
tive bonnet will never do. 

Shorter women — avoid large brims 
and elaborate trimmings. Little hats such 
as turbans, small brims, and the ever 
popular velvet berets which are so much 
in demand this winter are more be- 
coming. 

And the millinery parade 

marches on! 

Li'en Fa 
• • 

Miss Bess Bye 
Tips Best Buy 

Of special interest to young Chinese 
housewives who seek the best of fresh food, 
is the chat of Miss Bess Bye over Radio 
KFRC each morning at 8:40. 

Miss Bye gives a survey of the best in 
the way of fresh fruit and vegetable ar- 
rivals at the commission district. 

Early in the wee hours of the morning 
this energetic lady may be found combing 
the district and taking down notes of good 
buys. 

Best of all, each morning she offers sug- 
gestions for menus based on her findings. 
Recipes may be had by writing to her, 
care of the radio. 

This program is sponsored by the 
Homestead Baking Company and has won 
the approval of wide awake home builders. 



Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



Reflections On 
Chinese Art 



One of the most amazing situations 
which confront an art lover is the com- 
parative indifference of the American 
Chinese to that great heritage for which 
China has long been noted thru the cen- 
turies — classic fine arts. 

Visiting all the lodges, family associ- 
ations, and club headquarters in China- 
town, one is surprised to find that none 
of the altar tables contain objects of art 
which date back to even the last epoch of 
Chinese art — the Ch'ien Lung Period. 
Instead, these altar tables are frequently 
clustered with cheap Canton pottery, 
fruits, antiquated (but not antique) 
jewel trees, and likely as not, European 
nick nacks. 

It is true that these organization head- 
quarters do contain fine examples of con- 
temporary Chinese art: gorgeous em- 
broidered panels running into thousands 
of dollars, elaborately carved teak wood 
furniture, rich Tientsin rugs, and best 
of all, the carved and gilded altar pieces, 
some of them of museum caliber. 

But one is grieved to find that in this 
same room would be a Market Street ash 
tray, a chesterfield set, and a huge mirror 
with a bar room border. Such is the pen- 
alty for having an efficient rice dealer or 
a perfect speechmaker at the head of 
any association. 

Apologists might point out that chest- 
erfields are necessary for comfort, that 
expensive objects might be stolen by 
tourists, that the non-permanent nature 
of their stay in America does not justify 
undue expenditure on expensive art ob- 
jects. One only has to visit the suite of 
the Chinese Consulate, or the waiting 
room of Dr. Margaret Chung to realize 
that it is possible to combine practicabil- 
ity and comfort in a purely Chinese 
setting. 

Genuine Objects Scarce 
Another disappointment awaits the art 
lover when he makes a round of the Chi- 
nese bazaars. Shelves of reproductions. 
Shelves of modern productions. And 
then in the back rooms or in a forgotten 
case, a piece of genuine art object or two. 
But the majority of these shopkeepers 
cannot tell you what they have. Three 
out of five stores carrying flambe rouges 
have them labeled oxbloods. A real Ming 
blue and white was sold for a song but a 
clever reproduction was given a stiff fig- 
ure. A T'ang figure was labeled a Ming 
—belittling the object by a thousand 
years. 

There are but two stores carrying 



flambe, famille roses, and celadons; 
there is but one store having Ming Blanc 
de chine; there is but one store carrying 
more than one piece of the following: 
k'o szu, mirror blacks, ting yao, T'ang 
potteries, early bronzes, and classic jade 
carvings. 

There are no Chinese stores in China- 
town carrying any of the following re- 
presentative porcelains: golden brown 
chien, Sung transmutation chun, K'ang 
Hsi famille verte, tea dust, ox blood, 
peach blow, san ts'ai, Han metallic green 
pottery, or Ming polychrome. 

There are no bazaars in Chinatown 
carrying anywhere near a full line of 
such classic objects as the following: 
antique or classic jade carvings, cere- 
monial bronzes, stone or marble sculp- 
tured figures, k'o szu or Chinese tap- 
estries, pre-tang pottery. Yet these are 
typical things which one would expect 
from a Chinese bazaar. 

Depression Partly Responsible 
The depression, of course, has been re- 
sponsible for much of the poverty of art 
objects in these bazaars. Yet no depress- 
ion can explain the gross mislabeling of 
the few that these bazaars do carry. This 
in turn is not the fault of the bazaar 
owners. There is no public demand for 
these things - — - and no bazaar has enough 
capital, surplus energy, and foresight to 
create this demand. 

As a matter of fact, Westerners, much 
as they admire Chinese things, being in- 
fluenced by our noble domestics, are no- 
toriously weak in their appreciation of 
Chinese art. They are in the same status 
as the Europeans were three hundred 
years ago. To them Chinese art is still 
symbolized by fantastic carvings and 
grotesque artifacts which the Chinese 
made for export to "primitive" countries. 
The Westerners are aware that Chinese 
art is graceful in line, subdue and subtle 
in feeling, vigorous with creativeness, 
and having forms which are satisfying 
to the intellect. Modern Europeans and 
Easterners have come to appreciate these 
qualities and their knowledge on Chinese 
art would put us to shame. 

On the entire Pacific Coast, the Fuller 
collection in the Seattle Museum is the 
only exhibit having a representative 
collection of Chinese art. The museums 
of San Francisco are exceedingly weak, 
as are those of Los Angeles, Portland, 
and San Diego. It is not the fault of the 
directors, for they were the first to regret 
that indifference on the part of our weal- 
thy citizens made it impossible for them 
to build up a collection. When we con- 
(Continued on Page 14) 



The Story of Ceramic Art 

Article 1. How to Identify Pottery 

Confucius said that we must begin all 
studies with the "rectification of terms.' 
The general term applied to all kinds of 
fictile kiln products, whether pottery, 
porcelain, or porcellaneous stoneware, is 
ceramics. The word pottery is sometimes 
used as an all embracing term, but its 
inadequacy is obvious. The Chinese term 
is yao (kiln, and hence by extension, 
products of the kiln). 

Pottery is the name given to the earl- 
iest form of fired clay products. Other 
names are earthenware, terra cotta, boc- 
caro and faciene. Pottery making, to- 
gether with the use of the bow and ar- 
row, and the domestication of plants and 
animals, are the three achievements which 
separate the Palaeolithic or Stone Age 
from the Neolithic or New Stone Age. 
(In fact, if by Neolithic, anthropolog- 
ists could be induced to consider "stone 
pottery" rather than "polished stone" as 
the new stone, a great advance would be 
made in "rectification of terms"). Pot- 
tery making, however, is not yet a uni- 
versal culture, and such people as the 
Australians, the Eskimos, and the South 
American Yahan Indians, have no knowl- 
edge of pottery making. The Chinese 
term for pottery is wa (ancient term for 
kiln, and hence by extension, for any 
kiln products of a primitive nature) . 

If we examine such typical pottery as 
fire bricks, tiles terra cotta flower pots, 
and the cheaper dishes and kitchen uten- 
sils, we find a stony substance whose body 
is typically reddish brown or buff in 
color, but which may also be nearly 
white, pinkish white, yellowish brown, 
chocolate brown, gray, or even black. It 
is opaque, and unless glazed, the coarser 
wares are not necessarily impervious to 
water. It may be scratched with steel. 

A famous Chinese pottery center is in 
Yi-hsing hsien (hsien district) of Chang- 
chou fu (fu, country or prefecture) in 
the province of Kiangsu. Founded about 
400 years ago during Ming time, it is 
still actively producing great quantities 
of wares in the form of flower pots, brush 
holders, pillows, and especially, tea pots 
— for the Chinese consider Yi-hsing tea 
pots to be superior to all others for brew- 
ing tea. These Yi-hsing wares arc 
called boccaro by the early Portuguese, 
after some South American Indian pot- 
tery. Yi-hsing wares encircled the world 
two or three centuries ago and influenced 
European potters to an immense degree, 
being copied bv Bottler in Gorm.inv. and 
Elders, of Staffordshire, in England. 

(Next week, how to identify porcelain 
and porcellaneous stoneware). 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



Fred George Woo 



FIVE TEAMS ENTERED IN 
BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIPS 

Five teams, all from San Francisco, 
are entered in the coming Wah Ying 
Bay Region Chinese Basketball Champ- 
ionship Tournament, Daniel Yee, pro- 
motion manager of the Wah Ying Club 
announced yesterday. 

The teams are: Shangtai, Scout 
Seniors, Nulite, Scout Juniors, and the 
Chi-Fornians. 

Failure of East Bay and other cities 
to enter teams in the league was conspic- 
uous. It Wis a great disappointment to 
the sponsor, according to officials. How- 
ever, the Wah Ying Club states that the 
tournament will be localized and it will 
be an annual sport event. It is hoped 
that, if this year's league is a success, the 
other out-of-town clubs will give a little 
more attention and response next year. 
All contests will be played on Sunday 
afternoons, commencing Dec. 15. First 
game is slated for 1 P. M. at the French 
Court, San Francisco. 
• • 

PORTLAND GIRLS HAVE 
BASKETBALL TEAM 

Portland has a Chinese girls' basket- 
ball team. Under the coaching of Helen 
Dunshee, the feminine hoopsters are 
making a strong bid for basketball 
honors in Portland. 

The team is comprised of the follow- 
ing lassies: Leah Hing, manager, Sue 
Wong, Mabel Lee, Rosie Wong, Lalun 
Chin, Eva Moe, and Jennie Lew. 

It would be of immense interest if the 
Portlandites could arrange to come to 
San Francisco for a series of contests 
with the local girls' clubs. 
• • 

SCOUTS HAVE TWO TEAMS 

The Troop Three Scouts will be rep- 
resented by a Junior basketball team in 
the Wah Ying Tournament, besides a 
Senior squad. It is expected that the 
Juniors, although not as strong as the 
Seniors, will give a tough battle to any 
team in the league. 

The Junior Scouts are being coached 
and managed by Henry Kan, one of the 
stars of the Senior team. He has, under 
his charge, several youngsters who give 
promise of developing into stellar cagers, 
among them being Phillip Chinn, Teddy 
Moy, Al Young, Arthur Yim, and Peter 
Chong. 

Ten other boys compose the remainder 
of the team. They are Fred Wong, John 
Leong, Harry Chew, Lawrence Joe, 
Roger Lee, Herbert Lee, Art Lim, 
Charles Low, William Lee, and Martin 
Joe. 



VALLEJO DEVELOPS 
BRILLIANT PLAYERS 

The prepsters' football season is prac- 
tically over, but the grid fans up in 
Vallejo are still talking about two brill- 
iant Vallejo High players, Leslie Fong 
and Woodrow Louie, quarterback and 
end, respectively. 

Louie is one of the greatest ends in 
Vallejo High's history, according to the 
Vallejo TIMES HERALD, and the 
Santa Rosa PRESS DEMOCRAT. Fong 
is a smart backfield man diminutive but 
powerful. 

Besides football, both Louie and Fong 
have played two years on the Apache 
varsity basketball team, while Fong 
played on the school nine as catcher. 

• • 
CHINESE SPORTSMEN'S CLUB 

One of the most active of Chinese 
clubs is the Sportsmen's Club. The aim 
of the club is to promote sportsmanship 
in the true ethical sense of the word 
among the Chinese population. Many 
members of the club pursue their favor- 
ite sport over week-ends. 

Officers are: President, Albert Chan; 
Vice-President, Dr. D. K. Chang; Trea- 
surer, Dr. K. C. Wong; and Secretary, 
Clarence Chan. Club membership is not 
limited to Chinese. The members' roster 
includes many American men and wo- 
men. 

• • 

MICROPHONE FOR CAGERS 

Daniel Yee, general manager of the 
Wah Ying Club at 844 Clay St., has an- 
nounced that during league games of the 
Bay Region Chinese Basketball Tourna- 
ment, a microphone will be used to make 
play by play announcements. The public 
broadcast system is being installed by the 
Young Kee Radio Shop. 

This marks the first time that a mike 
will be used in basketball contests at the 
French Court, San Francisco. It will be 
a novelty as well as a convenience for 
the spectators. 

Doing their stuff at the mike will be 
David Kim Lau, Herbert Lee, and Ed- 
ward Mock. The official scorekeepers are 
Fred Chin and George Lim, with Harry 
Lum and Frank Hee as official time- 
keepers. 

The board of all-star selections is 
named as follows: James Jung, chair- 
man, George Ng, Harry Lum, Edward 
Mock, Frank Hee, Daniel Yee, George 
Lim, Herbert Lee, and David Kim Lau. 



Basketball Team 
In Baltimore 

The Chinese basketball players are re- 
organizing a team in Baltimore, Md., 
according to Teddy Lee, formerly one 
of their teammates and who now lives in 
San Francisco. The name of the club is 
Peiping A. C. They were formerly known 
as the Chinese Wonders. 

Peiping A. C. claims to have the only 
Chinese basketball team west of New 
York and east of the Rockies. Last year 
their efforts to form a squad was of no 
avail due to lack of time. However, this 
year the Peipings mean business. 

The Baltimore Chinese had a success- 
ful season in 1933, winning half of their 
games on the schedule against classy 
competition. Coached by James Wong, 
they met several strong teams and made 
a creditable showing. One of their 
victims was the Jackson Jewish Club, 
which had won twenty-two contests in a 
row before bowing to the Peiping team. 

Members of the squad are: James 
Wong, William Lee, Herbert Lew, Hock- 
wee Doy, Leonard Wong, and Henry 
Horn. An effort is being made to secure 
more players, especially a good forward 
to replace Howard Lee, who had moved 
to New York. 



Nanwah and 
Chi-Fornian Tilt 

Negotiations have been completed be- 
tween two local Chinese casaba teams 
for a game on Sunday night, December 
8, at the French Court. The two teams 
are the Nanwah Athletic Club and the 
Chi-Fornian Club. 

Hoop fans are watching this contest 
with more than passing interest. The Chi- 
Fornian team is one of the "dark horses'' 
entered in the Wah Ying League, and the 
other league entrants would naturally 
welcome an opportunity to see how strong 
it is. 

Sport enthusiasts would also like to 
see this year's Nanwah team in action. 
During the past eight years, the Nan- 
wahs have been several times champions 
and runners-up in P. A. A. competition. 
Although not entered in the coming 
tournament, Nanwah is reputed to have 
a splendid squad, capitalizing in fast and 
heads-up plays. 

A preliminary fray will be played be- 
tween the weight teams representing the 
Nanwahs and the Salesian Boys' Club. 



m — 



Page 14 



CHINESE DICEST 



November 29, 1935 



WINGS TO CHINA 

(Continued from Page 6) 
to work out the best arrangements of 
seats and the best color schemes for deco- 
rations both recognized as important in 
long all-day flights. 

Finally, construction could start. Slow- 
ly element by element the great ships 
took shape. Months later, in the late 
spring of 1934, the first of the Sikorskys, 
the "Brazilian Clipper," was launched. 
The first of the larger, heavier Martins, 
the "China Clipper," followed in Decem- 
ber of the same year. 
Hold Prized World Records 

And what triumphs they have gather- 
ed. Both emerged from long exhaustive 
flight tests with the proudest of records. 
The "Brazilian Clipper" was finally 
licensed to carry 99.8 per cent of its dead 
weight, the "China Clipper" 102.1 per 
cent. The "Brazilian Clipper" reached 
a top speed of 192 miles per hour, a 
cruising speed of 158 miles per hour. 
The "China Clipper" matches those with 
figures of 181 and 157 miles per hour. 

In formal tests last summer the "'Brazil- 
ian Clipper" broke eleven official inter- 
national records for large seaplane per- 
formance. In tests of the "China Clip- 
per" in the Caribbean during its training 
period it exceeded performances which 
would set no less than 14 new marks. 

Already one of the Sikorskys, the 
"Pan American Clipper," has flown far 
into mid-Pacific on trips turning back 
at progressively distant bases of the new 
skyway — Hawaii, Midway, Wake, Guam. 
No pioneering of equal significance in 
history has ever been accomplished with 
scheduled precision, or with such ample 
margins of safety. 
"China Clippers" to Sail Again 

Soon now the "China Clipper" and 
her sister ships will be taking over the 
Pacific service and the "Pan American 
Clipper" will return to routine duties 
on the Brazilian Division. For the bigger 
ships will carry larger margins of pay- 
load. From San Francisco to Hawaii, 
for example, they will be able to carry 
18 passengers in berths, a ton of mail, 
another ton of express and fuel not only 
for the 2,400-mile flight but for an addi- 
tional 800 miles of extra flying besides. 
On the daylight flights on the western 
stages, a great many more passengers 
and pounds of cargo can be carried. 

Great beautiful things, these Martin 
boats that usher in a new conception of 
travel across the world's t ra ckless oceans. 
They stand not so much at the end of a 
long line of super-refinement as at the 
first step of an endless new development- 
Already, before these three have enteral 
scheduled service Pan American engin- 
eers are counseling designers pointing 
toward "Clipper" ships to be built along 



FIRST CHINESE EXPLORER 

(Continued from Page 9) 
Despite this precaution, he was cap- 
tured again by the Huns, and remained 
in captivity for more than a year, but 
once again escaped with his wife, child 
and his archer. And thirteen years after 
he left his native land, he appeared once 
more in the Court of Wu Ti. 
Huns Defeated 
Chang K'ien's return with the story of 
his travels and the knowledge which he 
had gained was "a spark to kindle the 
activity of China." Military expeditions 
were dispatched to the west to conquer 
tribe after tribe so that, in 119 B. C, 
even the Huns were finally defeated. 
Thereafter, lesser envoys were sent to 
Ferghana and neighboring countries to 
spread the civilization of China and to 
open trade and communication with 
other peoples. 

Chinese Influence Spread 
By military conquests and diplomatic 
means Wu Ti spread the influence of 
China throughout Central Asia. The 
first silk route to Europe was established, 
together with a line of "frontier outposts 

which later protected the trade 

routes of the Roman Empire. Shortly 
after the end of the second century B. C. 
China's silk was selling on the banks of 
the Tiber for its weight in gold." 

Thus runs the great story of Chang 
K'ien as told by Lowell Thomas, and he 
tells it fully, dramatically, and the read- 
er is carried away by the brilliance of his 
racy and colorful narration. Incident- 
ally, "The First Chinese Explorer" is 
the first story of a collection which makes 
up author Thomas' latest book, "The 
Untold Story of Exploration," just pub- 
lished by Dodd, Mead and Co., N. Y., 
price $3.00. Read the book by all means, 
if you enjoy stories of explorations and 
travels into remote frontiers of the world. 
• • 



the same lines and that will be twice the 
size. Already new engines of greater 
size and better fuel economies, new ma- 
terials, new advancements in aero-dy- 
namics, give guarantees, not promises, 
that even their present concepts are but 
a step or two toward a future that chal- 
lenges the imagination. 

NEW SHANGHAI CAFE 
DANCING EVERY EVENING 

No Minimum Charge 

No Cover Charge 

453 GRANT AVE. . . CHina 0789 

San Francijco, California 



REFLECTIONS ON CHINESE ART 

(Continued from Page 12) 
sider that a single famille noir vase cost 
around $50,000, we can realize their 
difficulty. Much of the mislabeling in the 
Western museums are again not the 
fault of the curators. The rich donators 
have insisted on putting their "judg- 
ment" on the gift. 

Teach Younger Generation 

As to remedy, the first important 
move would be to teach Chinese art in 
the evening schools. We may not have 
enough teachers who are specialists on 
this complicated subject, but a general 
outline covering the field would at least 
be a beginning. Meanwhile outside ex- 
perts might be invited to give a talk be- 
fore important gatherings. 

The younger generation would be 
going a long way in stimulating an 
interest in this subject by presenting 
Chinese art objects as awards for their 
numerous contests. Instead of presenting 
the usual silver plated mug (which in- 
creases in ugliness with the years) to a 
winner, a Ming vase or a Ch'ien Lung 
bronze might be given. A metal plate 
tacked to the base of such a gift would 
identify the giver and the winner, as well 
as indicating the ocassion. The initial 
cost would be the same, but it is no 
secret that Chinese art objects are 
steadily increasing in market value. In 
time Chinatown will be famous for its 
large number of private collectors. 
• • 



/S&iFWt r \ 




The Grayline has introduced 
more than 10,000 tourists to 
Chinatown. In cooperation with 
the Chinese Trade and Travel 
Association these tourists are 
always directed to the best cafes 
and representative bazaars. 




Parlor Cars for picnics and Conventions 
Limousines for all occasions 

THE GRAYLINE, INC. 

Chingwah Lee, Director 

Chinatown Tour 

781 Market St. DOugl.is 04" 

San Francisco, California 



November 29, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 15 



PEIPING-HANKOW RAILROAD TO 
BE MADE CHINA'S "MODEL RAIL" 

A seven-year plan calling for the in- 
crease of railroad property, develop- 
ment of traffic and payment of debts has 
been formulated by the Peiping-Han- 
kow Railway Administration with the 
ultimate object of making the longest 
government line in China the "model 
railroad" of the country. 

The project, it is understood, has al- 
ready been approved by the Executive 
Yuan and will be started on immediately. 
The cost is estimated at #2,200,000. 

According to the scheme, 500,000 
sleepers and 5,500 tons of rails will be 
replaced within seven years. Aside from 
the bridges at Hsinlo and Fengchuen, 
which will be rebuilt presently, all other 
bridges on the line will be repaired by 
five stages: from Hankow to Hsinyang 
in the first stage, from Hsinyang to Yen- 
cheng in the second stage, from Yen- 
cheng to the south bank of the Yellow 
River in the third stage, from the north 
bank of the Yellow River to Shihchia- 
chwang in the fourth stage, and from 
Shihchiachwang to Peiping in the fifth 
stage. 

A new iron bridge will be built across 
the Yellow River to replace the present 
one, which is in a precarious condition. 
The design for the new bridge has al- 
ready been worked out by bridge ex- 
perts and the estimated construction 
con is $7, 500, 000. 

To facilitate transportation on the 
line, 20 new locomotives will be pur- 
chased abroad. Meanwhile, the equip- 
ment of the railway workshops will be 
increased. Large quantities of repair 
"T'teriaU. new motors, boilers and sun- 
dry machines will be bought. 
• • 

International Camp 
Conference in China 

From China comes George Gee's re- 
port on the Fourth Pacific Area Inter- 
national Camp-conference at Camp 
Swallow Island, Tsingtao. The eight 
days of the conference were spent in dis- 
cussions of the various school, home and 
national problems of the day. Seventy- 
nine boys, representing nine nations, 
were present at the conference. 

George Gee, better known as Gee 
Teung, is a former San Franciscan and 
member of Troop 3, one of Chinatowns 
units of the Boy Scouts of America. At 
present he is a resident of Canton. 
George was one of China's representa- 
tives at the International Conference, 
which was conducted under the auspices 
of the World's Committee of Young 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



SHIPS ARRIVALS 

Among the first class passengers arri- 
ving from the Orient last week aboard 
the S. S. Hoover was Mr. Sewai Wong, 
who is one of the principal stockholders 
of "Wing Lee Wai", liquor distillers in 
China. 

Other passengers included Miss Foo 
Sui ; Mr. Chiao Tsu-kwang, Mr. Chin 
Chang Chien, and Mr. Hue Gan Foo. 

Enroute from China to Paris, France, 
via San Francisco was Mr. Huang Kuo 
Su, naval investigator for the Chinese 
government. 

• • 

YUNNAN-BURMA HIGHWAY 
TO BE BUILT 

Tentative plans for the construction 
of a motor-road linking Yunnan with 
Burma are being discussed between 
Tseng Yang-fu and high provincial 
authorites. 

Mr. Tseng is the Chekiang Reconstruc- 
tion Commissioner and special highway 
superintendent for Hunan, Hupeh, Sze- 
chwan and Kweichow, and had been 
supervising highway construction work 
in Yunnan. 

It is learned that a survey corps will 
shortly be organized to select a suitable 
route for the projected Yunnan-Burma 
highway. Construction funds for the 
highway, it was planned, will be appro- 
priated by the Central Government. 



NANCHANG-YUSHAN LINE 
TO BE COMPLETED SOON 

The Nanchang-Yushan section of the 
Chekiang-Kiangsi Railway will be com- 
pleted soon with the north station at 
Nanchang being under process of con- 
struction. Traffic on the new line will 
be opened at the end of the year. 

The second section, Nanchang to 
Pinghsiang, on the Hunan border, will 
complete its survey in two months. 

The section of the Kiangsi-Fukien 
line from Shangjao to Foochow has 
been surveyed. As soon as funds are 
available, the construction of the road- 
bed will start. 



CHINA MAIL 

Ships arriving from China: 

President Jefferson (Seattle) Dec. 
10; President Pierce (San Francisco) 
Dec. 10; President Coolidge (San 
Francisco) Dec. 18; President Jack- 
son (Seattle) Dec. 24; President Wil- 
son (San Francisco) Jan. 7. 

Ships leaving for China: 

President Johnson (San Fran- 
cisco) Dec. 6; President Lincoln 
(San Francisco) Dec. 13; President 
Monroe (San Francisco) Dec. 20; 
President Coolidge (San Francisco) 
Dec. 27. 



THE THOUGHTFUL GIFT 

Are you wondering what you will give HIM, HER or THEM 
for Christmas? Then, may we suggest a gift which will not only 
give the recipient a wealth of enjoyable reading, but also serve as 
a weekly reminder of YOU throughout the year? 

It will be educational, stimulating, and chock full of every- 
day news of interest, 

The CHINESE DIGEST is THE Thoughtful Gift. 

THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Enclosed please find the sum of (dollars) for 

which send your special gift offer for eight months' sub- 
scription to 

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With the first issue of each gift offer the CHINESE DIGEST will enclose a 
Christmas card with the name of the sender. This offer expires December 20. 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



November 29, 1935 




ROOS 



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Five Cents 



NORTH CHINA IN DEADLOCK 



By Tsu Pan 




The North China situation seemed to be 
at a deadlock last week. 

Aggressive attitude on the part of the 
Japanese army in North China was manifested 
as more trainloads of Japanese soldiers poured 
in from Manchuria. In Tientsin the Japanese 
are building a huge airdrome, and after com- 
pletion, 50 airplanes will arrive for maneuvers, 
it is reported. Army patrol, armored cars, 
T^il and tanks come out from their barracks every 
I II day, parading in the city to show the impres- 
siveness of the Mikado's might to the native 
population. Two Japanese navy fleets weighed anchors 
at Tangku, gateway to the port of Tientsin. Japanese 
troops also occupied important railway junctions along 
the Peiping-Tientsin railway line, to prevent Chinese 
troops from any northern movement. The Japanese also 
guarded the post office, exercising strict censorship of 
mail. The Tientsin-Peiping area was, therefore, vir- 
tually in the control of the Japanese army. 
Chinese Protest 
In Nanking, the Chinese foreign office bombarded 
the Japanese Embassy with a storm of protests. It 
openly indicted the Japanese army with "conniving" 
the separatist movement in North China. Such move- 
ment generated by disgruntled Chinese elements in con- 
nivance with the Japanese troops was contrary to popu- 
lar desire and to Sino-Japanese amity. Notes of this 
nature were sent to the Jc.^ne-,? Embassy three times 
in two days, the last one being sent when Japanese 
soldiers took Fengtai, a railway station east of Peiping. 
At the same time, the Japanese foreign office also ad- 
dressed identical notes to all embassies and legations 
in China denouncing the autonomous regime set up by 
Yin Yu-keng in the North China demilitarized zone. 
Japanese Unconcerned 
The Japanese diplomats were apparently not much 
concerned with these protests. They asserted that the 
movement for autonomy in North China was entirely 
a spontaneous Chinese movement. It is "preposter- 
ous," they say, that the Japanese army could be in con- 
nivance with the local people. 

General Chiang Kai-shek had sent Dr. C. T. Wang, 
China's foremost veteran diplomat, to Japan to discuss 
the North China situation with Japanese Minister or 
Foreign Affairs Hirota. In an interview, Minister 



Hirota told Dr. Wang that Japan wishes to deal with 
China on three fundamental principles, namely: first, 
cooperation between China, Japan and "Manchukuo"; 
second, suppressing communist and anti-Japanese 
movements in entire China; and third, reconsideration 
of the silver policy by the Nanking government. The 
same desires were reiterated by Japanese Ambassador 
Ariyoshi to General Chiang Kai-shek at Nanking. 

Conference Summoned 

Subsequent to these conversations, General Chiang 
Kai-shek appointed General Ho Yin-ching, minister 
of war, to leave for Peiping. He is to summon the North 
China military leaders to a conference to decide on 
new policies. Well informed circles intimated that in 
order to maintain China's sovereignty over North 
China, General Chiang must, under the circumstances, 
make some concessions to the Japanese. The possible 
outcome, it was predicted, may be in the form of a 
reorganization of the North China government, to 
delegate the central government's authority on mone- 
tary issues to each province, and have them make suit- 
able arrangements with Nanking regarding China's 
silver policy. 

• • 

YIN YU-KENG ASSASSINATED 

From China comes the report of the assassination of 
Yin Yu-keng, head of the "Council of Nine", govern- 
ing body of the recently proclaimed autonomous State 
of North Hopei. It had been the contention of knowing 
observers that the new autonomous state was not the 
result of popular approval of the citizens of the pro- 
vinces affected — rather, it was the result of a Japanese 
expansionist movement that partially succeeded. 

Yin Yu-keng, who up to the time had been Com- 
missioner of Political Affairs in the North China Demil- 
itarized Zone, found himself caught in his own schem- 
ing, states the report. 

Protests sprang from every source, notably from 
such leaders as Dr. Hu Shih, often-times called China's 
foremost thinker. Yin was besieged in his residence in 
Tungchow by an angry mob demanding, among other 
things, that they be given tax relief. Yin resorted to 
disguise to escape this hazardous situation, only to 
lose his life soon after. 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



FAR EAST 



Model Prisons in China 

One of the features that distinguish 
prison reforms in China is the construc- 
tion of model prisons throughout the 
country. Many of these modern jails in 
the cities are high, spacious buildings in 
which rooming and management of the 
prisoners are along scientific lines. From 
the beginning of their confinement to 
the time of their release, the prisoners 
are well taken care of, and given the 
necessary training for the maintenance 
of their future livelihood. They are 
taught to read, write and do mathema- 
tical work. They are taught spinning, 
type-setting, wood- work and many other 
kinds of handicraft. These prisons also 
contain infirmaries well equipped with 
medical provisions to look after the 
cleanliness and health of their inmates. 

The products of the prisoners from 
the various model prisons were recently 
put on exhibition in Nanking. The ex- 
cellent work favorably impressed the 
public with the efficient service of these 
prisons in transforming prisoners into 
useful citizens for the future. 

Four Year Plan 
for Kwangrung 

Canton, Kwangtung — Due to the 
great number of children throughout 
this province between the ages of 6 and 
16- who are without means of receiving 
an elementary education, the provincial 
Bureau of Education has recently laun- 
ched a four-year plan whereby, at the 
end of that period, enough schools will 
be built to accommodate these children. 

A recent tabulation of statistics ap- 
prised the Bureau that approximately 
1,500,000 children between the age of 
3 and 16 were in elementary schools, but 
that the number of children of the same 
ages who were not in schools or did not 
have any schools which they may at- 
tend, approached the staggering figure 
of 2,500,000. 

Faced with an educational problem 
which required long planning as well as 
adequate financing, the Bureau devised 
a four-year plan to build about 30,000 
school houses throughout the province. 

A large sum from the provincial trea- 
sury has been earmarked for this pur- 
pose. Many new school houses in rural 
districts have been built. Meanwhile, 
hundreds of extension classes have been 
created to absorb a small percentage of 
these children. 



FLOOD RELIEF 
IN CHINA 

'JLhe rising of the Yangtze River and 
the Xeilow Kiver has again put China in 
the throes of floods. The situation has 
seriously affected about 50 districts in 
several provinces, of which Hupeh and 
Shantung present the worst scenes of 
disaster. In the Yellow River Valley 
5,500,000 people were left homeless, 
and damage to property already runs 
into the hundreds of millions. The 
National Government promptly started 
relief and preventive measures to fight 
this huge flood menace. 

The cooperation of provincial author- 
ities and the National Flood Relief 
Commission has enabled large-scale 
work to be done in stopping breaches in 
dikes, strengthening embankments and 
transporting refugees out of the flooded 
areas. Temporary shelters are being built 
and supplies of food and clothing are 
being rushed to places where flood vic- 
tims are gathered. 

The public spirit of the people has 
risen to the occasion with the formation 
in Nanking and other cities of relief 
organizations. The Chinese boy and girl 
scouts, in particular, are busy soliciting 
contributions of winter clothes for the 
flood sufferers. 

• • 

AIR HEROES 
HONORED 

Chengtu, China — A memorable ser- 
vice in honor of all aviators who were 
killed in action within the last ten years 
in China's fight to eradicate the coun- 
try's communists, was held here recently. 
The service was held in a public park, 
conducted by officials of the government, 
and was attended by over 10,000 people. 

Although no official figures have been 
released regarding the number of avia- 
tors who have died for this cause, the 
number was estimated to be close to 
1,500. These air fighters played a heroic 
and decisive part in China's fight 
against communists, and those who wit- 
nessed the commemoration ceremonies 
here did not forget. 

Before the service, a dozen planes 
dropped circulars from the sky. 

• • 

Shensi has made much headway 
in highway construction during the 
oast five years. When the 8 trunk 
highways are completed, she will 
have a total of 2495 miles of roads. 



China Press 
Exhibit Planned 

Hankow, China — A press exhibit in 
which all the newspapers, magazines, 
children's educational publications, pic- 
torial as well as textual, and all allied 
printing matter now being published in 
the country, will be open to the public 
beginning Jan. 1, 1936. 

This educational exhibition was 
planned by several prominent members 
of the Kuomintang of this city with the 
intention of educating the people to 
read more by showing them the valuable 
knowledge to be obtained through the 
printed page. 

Discussions of journalism and the 
newspaper business in China today will 
form a part of the program of this com- 
ing press exhibit. 



Chinese Textile Exhibit to Open 

Imperial robes as worn by Emperors 
and Mandarins, as well as rare palace 
rugs and chair covers, k'o szu tapestries, 
brocades or damascus, and embroideries 
will be on exhibit at the San Francisco 
Museum of Art, from December 6 to 
January 15. 

This exhibit, the private collection of 
Mr. William Edward Colby, represents 
years of discriminating collecting of the 
finest Oriental textiles covering many- 
dynasties. Especially noteworthy will be 
the early k'o szu tapestry, the almost 
microscopic embroidery stitches, and the 
full laced, five clawed dragons first in 
vogue among the royalties during the 
Ming dynasty. The brocades bring to 
us the refined taste of the Sungs, whose 
subtle and graceful designs make all 
other Oriental patterns barbaric by com- 
parison. 



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December 6, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 3 



CINEMA COMPANY ORGANIZED 

A new local Chinese corporate busi- 
ness venture, the Kvvong Ngai Talking 
Picture Company, was recently estab- 
lished. Although several ventures in this 
field have failed in the past six or seven 
years, the new company seems un- 
daunted and are willing to invest a large 
amount into this business. 

The Kwong Ngai Company has al- 
ready employed several Chinese stage 
stars from the Mandarin Theatre, in- 
cluding others who show acting ability. 
The "shooting" of the company's first 
picture, tentatively entitled "Heart- 
aches" has begun. The lead in this pic- 
ture is being played by Miss Wei Gim 
Fong, one of the star actresses of the 
Mandarin Theatre. 

After taking many preliminary scenes 
in Chinatown, the troupe left for Holly- 
wood recently, where they hope to fin- 
ish filming the story. 

• • 

The Chinese Young People Union 
Fellowship combined their regular 
monthly meeting with a dinner and so- 
cial at the Chinese Baptist Church last 
Sunday, with Ira Lee as chairman. This 
combination proved highly successful, 
as there were over 70 who attended the 
dinner served by Lew Way, and many 
who came afterwards for the service. The 
speaker for the evening was Mr. Alden 
Smith, who gave an interesting chron- 
ological account of his trip to Europe, 
including the Oxford and Prague con- 
ventions. He stated that the Oxford 
movement is based on four absolutes: 
absolute honesty, absolute unselfishness, 
absolute purity, and absolute love. The 
social hour followed immediatelv after. 
Elmer Lee led the group in several games. 

• • 

Mr. Victor Kwong, secretary at the 
Chinese Consulate, addressed the Men's 
Club of the First Unitarian Church, at 
Geary and Franklin Streets, Thursday, 
December 5. His subject was, "Some 
Observations on Present-Day China." 

• • 

Patricia Gaye Lum was born at the 
Franklin Hospital on Nov. 23. Mother 
and daughter are both doing well. 

George C. Lum, Jr., the new dad, is 
wearing a larger sized hat these days. 





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Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



U. C. Professors 
to Lecture 

At a banquet held last week at Yuen 
Tung Low, the following were elected 
temporary committee officers with the 
idea of inviting a number of University 
of California professors to Chinatown 
for a series of lectures: Hayne Hall, 
president; Frances Moon, vice president; 
James R. Lee, secretary; and Daisy K. 
Wong, treasurer. 

The alumni are desirous of keeping in 
touch with campus activities, as well as 
to know the latest that is going on in the 
scientific, social, economic and political 
world. The series of addresses is to be 
planned especially for college graduates 
who are too busy to devote valuable time 
to research but who want to be in con- 
stant touch with the academic world. 

Among those present were Bob Mason 
and Bruce Thomas, representing Bob 
Sibley of the California Alumni Asso- 
ciation. 

• • 

CHINATOWN HAS AQUARIUM 

Chinatown has its own aquarium of 
tropical fish. A great many species were 
brought here from Honolulu, Singapore 
and other parts of the world. The name 
of the store, "Gee Gong", (Large Lake) 
is located at 838 Jackson St. Visitors 
are welcome at all times. 

• • 
ROBERT LOWE DIES 

Robert Lowe, a well known young man 
of this city, passed away last week 
at a Bakersfield sanitorium. His body 
was shipped back to this city for funeral 
services which was held last Monday, 
December 2. 

Robert was a graduate of Polytechnic 
High School, where he was an honor 
student. He also studied at Cal. Tech. 
Prior to his sickness, he was a designer 
at a well known clothing factory. 

• • 

Y. M. C. A. GOAL REACHED 
The Annual Membership Drive of the 
Chinese Y. M. C. A. went over the top 
last week, the drive being concluded on 
Wednesday. Final results are not yet 
available for publication, as reports are 
still being turned in. However, T. Y. 
Tang, executive secretary, reported that 
the drive is well over the quota of $1500. 

• • 

News from the various clubs and or- 
ganizations of interest to the public will 
be welcome. Address the Chinese Digest. 



Square and Circle 
Tenth Chest Raffle 

For the tenth successive year, the 
Square and Circle Club will hold its 
annual Hope Chest Raffle. The proceeds 
of this project go towards a revolving 
loan fund from which worthy girls may 
borrow for educational, health and 
other emergency purposes. 

The winning ticket for the carved 
camphor wood chest, filled to capacity 
with lovely hand-embroidered articles by 
members of the organization, will be 
drawn at a dance at the Chinese Y. W. 
C. A. on Dec. 7. The chest is now on 
display at Jing Loy Co. There will also 
be second and third prizes. 

YOUNG CHINA DANCES NOW 

If more concrete evidence is needed 
to show Chinatown's honorable elders 
and all those who are interested in its 
social changes, that its populace has 
gone 100 percent American in their 
ideas, fads, and habits, this latest mani- 
festation of its modernism will be of 
considerable interest: 

Four members of the "Pear Or- 
chard" — China's flowery phrase identi- 
fying artists of the drama — who are 
with the Mandarin Theatre troupe, have 
taken up American ballroom dancing. 
Under the direction of Miss Nellie 
Tong, the Misses Lee Yuk Lin and Siu 
Shue Moy, and the Messrs. Wong Ka 
Lung and Chin Shu Hip are learning 
the newest steps in waltz and fox trot. 

To these enthusiastic tyros of western 
dance it must afford a great deal of fun, 
and not a little relief, also, to be able to 
use their feet in a natural, graceful man- 
ner instead of the studied, robot move- 
ments of our ancient dances which 
Chinese actors and actresses have prac- 
ticed for many centuries. 

The new fancy for American dancing 
mav not infuse new life into the slowly 
ebbmg popularity of Chinese opera, but 
at least these performers of the Chinese 
stage are keeping in step with the times. 

While playing on the roof, little Bob- 
bv Wong, three year old son of Mrs. 
Grace Wong of Salinas, accidentally fell 
off the skylight 25 feet to the ground, 
severely injuring his arm. At the time of 
the accident, Bobby was staying with his 
aunt at 243 Joyce St., San Francisco. 
Immediately after she was notified, Mrs. 
Wong rushed here from Salinas. Bobby 
is under the care of Dr. C. M. Chow. 



P00-P00 

By Bob Poon 



Miss Grace Chew came to the Barn 
Dance dressed as a farmerette, braids, 
straw hat and all, in keeping with the 
theme. She was persuaded not to go 
home and change, as it did our hearts 
good to know that someone was in the 
spirit of the affair. Miss Chew is a new- 
comer to our fair city, otherwise, she 
would know that most of the people do 
not take the bother to be in costume, 
much to our regret. 

Quite a number of persons remarked 
that it was not necessary to dance. You 
merely hold your partner and the next 
thing you know, you are milling with 
the crowd. 

• • 

There were two persons at the barn 
dance that gave the folks a ripping 
good time. Mr. or should I say Miss 
Henry-etta Lum and myself. The differ- 
ence is that I lost my shirt whereas 
Henry-etta lost her dress. It could 
be said that we gave the clothing off our 
backs for the enjoyment of the folks. 
(P. S. Henry's costume was supposed to 
represent a Milk Maid. I don't know 
whether his job had anything to do with 
the decision of the costume) . 

There were only a few farmers at the 
dance; the others were mostly drug 
store cowboys. Always with an eye for 
business, Harry Mew told me they have 
a complete stock of shirts at his store. 

• • 

Thomas Dare, an enthusiastic tennis 
player, was a "hot" player Thursday 
afternoon. So "hot", in fact, that his 
coat caught on fire. One young fellow 
assisted Tommy in extinguishing the fire. 
He showed promise of being a good fire- 
man when he becomes of age. This lad, 
seeing the fire, rushed quickly to the 
fountain, took a big mouthful, ran back 
and played the stream on Dare's coat. 

• • 

In my hurry to go home I left my 
book near my locker. When I went back 
for it, I met Jack Young. He said that 
it was lucky that I had left my book 
near the locker and not on the counter. 
He explained that a friend had left his 
Chinese Digest on the counter, and when 
he remembered, came back looking for 
it. He found it. all right, but do vou 
know what happened? A zealous "Y" 
worker had stamped the "Y" all over 
his magazine ! 



December 6, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



CHINATOWNIA 



PORTLAND NEWS 

On Nov. 23, the Chungwah Girls' 
Basketball Team played, a benefit game 
■ against the Manley Acettes on the Y. M. 
C. A. floor. The veteran players on the 
Chungwah team rolled up a score of 
35 to 2 at the end of the last quarter. 
A capacity crowd witnessed this thrilling 
game, admiring both the Chungwah's 
team work and the fight in the opposing 
team in the face of overwhelming odds. 
This is the second benefit game 
played, and the proceeds go towards 
purchasing rice for the aged Chinese of 
the community. Last year the club was 
able to contribute one ton of rice. This 
year the Chinese Girls Club with the 
cooperation of the Chungwah team hope 
to equal the previous amount given. 

• • 

The Wah Kiang Club's basketball 
team is well under way getting into trim 
in defence of their title as champions of 
the House League of the Y. M. C. A. 
Last year the team, then known as the 
Chinese Eagles, fought hard to win the 
coveted placque. This year they are out 
to retain their title and win another 
placque. 

The club is now sponsoring a raffle 
in hopes of swelling the treasury where- 
by it may purchase new suits for the 
team. Raffle prizes are to be imported 
Chinese potteries and curios. 

• • 

The Inter-club Council of the Girl 
Reserves of Portland held its annual 
fall dance at the Laurelhurst Club on 
Nov. 29. Many of the younger Chinese 
attended this affair. Dorothy and James 
Moe showed their terpsichorean ability 
by capturing the prize dance. 

• • 

Jacqueline Wong, a student majoring 
in music at the U. of O., and Jack Wong 
from the U. of W. were home for the 
Thanksgiving holidays. Jack was a form- 
er student of the Lingnan University in 
Canton, but returned to the States for 
his degree. 

• • 

Henry Wu writes from Peiping, 
China, that he is enjoying it immensely 
back there. Henry, a graduate of Reed 
College is now studying at the Peiping 
Union Medical College. He is remem- 
bered as a high ranking tennis player 
of Reed College. 



Mei Wah 
Dance Success 



FIRECRACKERS 



Mei Wah Club transformed the Y. W. 
C A. gym into a farm house for their 
dance on Nov. 30. The decorations 
which were sketched by Wahso Chan 
composed of barnyard fowls and ani- 
mals. 

One of the high spots of the evening 
was the singing during intermissions by 
Ruby Annette Poo of Marysville. Best 
costumes of the evening were those of 
Esther Tom as a milkmaid, and Tony 
Chew as an old, near-sighted farmer. 

Winners of door prizes were: M. F. 
Wong, Edward Gee, Bill Chinn, Francis 
Louie, and William Won. 

Chairman for the evening was Vice 
President Peony D. Wong, Lily Leong 
was in charge of refreshments, and 
Mrs. Wahso Chan, decorations. 

• • 

ONE BY ONE CLUB GROWS 

An intensive seven-month period of 
personal evangelism resulted in the ad- 
dition of almost 40 new members to the 
One By One Club, the young people's 
group of the Chinese Presbyterian 
Ch'irch. 

In a social program at the church on 
Thanksgiving Eve, prizes were awarded 
the winners of the drive: Mrs. Benjamin 
Chung, Miss Flora Hubbard, Peter 
Tom. and Steohen Yee. Miss Bettv Hu, 
B°thel evangelist from Shanghai, China, 
gave a talk on winning people "one by 
one". Son^s, special musical numbers, 
and refreshments added to the enjoy- 
ment of tho'e present. 

• • 

Lee Quon, 35, of Tracy, California, 
was run over and killed on the Tracy 
hi^hwav a few davs ago bv an automo- 
bile, after State officers had warned him 
not to walk on the highwav. L»° fai'"n 
rr> \yoA thp warning, and walked direct'v 
into *k~ nafh of a" oncoming car in the 
fog. it w* rpnort°d. 

• • 
cxcdxjcisj POND ILL 

F-ionrl' ~ f c„.-,t,„.-, Po'->^ an- sorrv to 
f^o-r rhat t>» i« '" rh» San Fra.noisco Hos- 
r>it-fl! wi-U f.«««"trio«ia.. Thev hope that 



tomb's BAZAAR 

TOYS - NOTIONS - ICF CPFAM - 
CANDY - CONFECTIONS 

1100 Powell Street 
San Francisco - California 



This column is conducted for 
the benefit of our readers, under 
which they may submit suggestions 
and comments on any and all 
topics pertaining to the Chinese 
people or country. 



New Orleans, La. 
November 29, 1935 
Dear Editor: 

I have just finished reading my copy 
of the Chinese Digest. I wonder if you 
will accept a bouquet from the Land of 
Magnolias? I recently returned from a 
visit to the Golden Gate; while there I 
made the Lantern Tour, and at last 
found myself in San Francisco's China- 
town. I say "at last" because as a tot 
that was my cardinal ambition, but my 
good parents warned me in whispers that 
"The Chinese eat nice little girls". I was 
not discouraged. I vowed that I would 
run away, and secretly prayed to be ab- 
ducted like the heroines in fiction. A 
few months ago I found myself traveling 
to the Pacific Coast, and my ambition. 

.... I stood in the temples and mar- 
veled at the workmanship and the 
beauty, and the culture of a civilization 
much older than our own. 

I heard the voice of Confucius, and 
was touched by the greatness of a creed 
actually lived up to. And I felt the lure 
of the bazaars. I smiled, and found the 
smile returned. 

I grew to know the girls and boys, to 
entertain them, and be entertained by 
them. Nightly I strolled through China- 
town, and felt safer than I might have 
been at home. 

I witnessed the intellectual side, the 
moral and the domestic side, where 
young boys and girls play games, sing, 
dance, and make merry without having 
to resort to an automobile parked by the 
roadside! 

I found genuine sympathy and friend- 
ship, and I also learned that I had grown 
to admire and love the Chinese people. 
.... I take my hat off to it (China- 
town), mav the modern trend never de- 
strov what it personifies. 

The Chinese Digest is a splendid 
oapor. with a mission to perform. May 
it continue to grow like the humble 
acorn m =• rnio-htv oak. 

A* a si'hsot-.'Sof I w il[ deem it an honor 
;f „~., ->-- > ^m<> tn publish this little tri- 
(v — f -om far away "Dixie" in your 
columns. 

Alma L. Hascall. 



Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



WINGS TO CHINA 

Story of the Development of the Great Aviation Project, the Crossing 
of the Pacific By Aeroplane and the Linking of China with the United States 



America has swung into action an air- 
way to the Orient — a 9,000-mile aerial 
trade route across the vast Pacific Ocean 
that bids fair to affect the course of world 
affairs by changing, from twenty-eight days 
to sixty brief flying hours, the interval be- 
tween the Western World and the far-off 
Orient; that will give American commerce 
a high road to the billion-dollar markets 
of the teeming East, and make neighbors 
of peoples half the world apart. 

This is the third article which tells, 
for the first time, of the remarable organi- 
zation and planning behind this ocean- 
bridging airway; of its pioneering; the 
ships and men that are to be geared to the 
task; what the service is to be, and some 
of the effects of this new, dynamic link 
between the hemispheres. 



By WILLIAM VAN DUSEN 

In accompanying articles we have 
traced the four years of effort, the 
#4,000,000 of resources that have gone 
into the making of this great 9,000-mile 
bridge for American commerce and Am- 
erican travelers. 

Here let us summarize the descriptive 
features of the accomplished task. 

The first of the giant flying-boats used 
for the actual scheduled operations has 
completed the first successful mail-carry- 
ing flight to Manila. Two of its sister 
ships stand ready to follow soon in the 
wake of the first. 

Largest Planes Ever Built 
Great all-metal high-wing monoplanes, 
these three twentieth century "Clippers" 
are larger than any airplanes ever built 
in America. With a ton of mail or ex- 
press cargo they can cruise 4,000 miles 
non-stop at a speed of over 150 miles 
an hour. They can make the longest 
stage of the new trans-Pacific route, 
2,410 miles with 30 per cent of reserve 
fuel, several tons of cargo and 18 pas- 
sengers. On shorter hops their passen- 
ger lists can be increased. There is room 
in their cabin compartments and lounge 
rooms for 48 passengers to be seated 
comfortably, and such loads are practi- 
cal up to 1,200 miles. 

Five Ground Stations 
Ever since last July bases have been 
ready for the service all the way across 
the Pacific to Manila. Docking floats, 
fuelling equipment, shops, offices, elab- 
orate radio, living quarters — a set of five 
complete ground stations have been set 
up at a cost of more than $2,000,000. 
The eastern terminal is in Alameda, on 
San Francisco Bay. The second station 
in Pearl Harbor, on the Island of Oahu 



in the Hawaiian group. Then Midway 
Island islet, 1,380 miles to the westward 
but still in the Hawaiian group, makes 
the third. The fourth stop on tiny Wake 
Island, westward of the date line, 1,252 
miles from its nearest neighbor, Midway. 
Then Guam, 1,560 miles further; Manila, 
1,580 miles more, as a last break in the 
long journey before the China coast, 
700 miles further, is reached. 

At each base a permanent crew of 
manager, agent, radio men, mechanics, 
has been stationed since early summer. 
Hand-picked from the whole Pan Amer- 
ican organization, every one of these 
ground crew men upon whom so much 
depends has had years of thorough 
training behind him. Each crew, too, 
has held endless rehearsals of its rou- 
tines under Pacific conditions. The radio 
men have stood watch constantly since 
the erection of their sets some months 
ago. Weather observations go on hourly. 

On four great pioneering flights a 
19-ton flying boat, "Pan American Clip- 
per," has been used throughout the sum- 
mer to test bases and ground crews in 
actual aircraft handling and to give a 
final increment of training to flight 
crews. 

"Pan American Clipper" 

The "Pan American Clipper's" first 
flight went as far as Hawaii, then re- 
turned. The second reached Midway 
before the ship was headed back. The 
third reached Wake. The fourth, Guam. 

Steadily, without a single untoward 
incident to mar even one of its 40,000 
miles of Pacific test flights, the aerial 
pioneering has gone steadily forward 
with its exhaustive program. Nuclei for 
five crews have been trained aboard her. 
Its trips have confirmed a thousand cal- 
culations and estimates made by Pan 
American weather and radio experts, 
maintenance specialists, and have filled in 
great gaps in the types of data that can 
only be secured by direct test. With com- 
pletion of the Guam flight, there is no 
more experimental flavor left in the 
problem of flying an airline across this 
particular trans-Pacific route than there 
is in running a locomotive from New 
York to Boston. 

Planes, bases, training, are finished. So, 
too, is the fourth major element in this 
9,000-mile bridge — radio. Shore or ship 
radio that spanned almost any distance 
desired has, of course, been common- 
place for some years. But to develop 



light-weight, low-powered ultra-reliable 
equipment to cover the whole Pacific 
from an airplane has been one of the 
major tasks faced in this whole project. 
Radio Triumph 
Radios for straight communication 
were comparatively simple. Each of the 
big "Clipper" boats carries two sending 
sets, two receivers, a dual antenna sys- 
tem. Even when on the water, with en- 
gines still, batteries insure that all sets 
may be used for days on end to send 
position reports, get weather data, dis- 
patch instructions to and from almost 
any spot in the entire Pacific. In the 
air the range is even greater. From far 
beyond Wake, for example, the "Clip- 
per's" radio operator has kept in con- 
stant touch with Pan American's Miami 
station, a half a world away. 

The project's real radio triumph 
though, has been its extension of aircraft 
radio direction-finding devices to un- 
precedented ranges. 

The normal type of radio beacons 
serve well enough for overland lines. But 
their short ranges of a hundred miles or 
so make them obviously impossible for 
trans-oceanic use. Pan American early 
standardized on the international routes 
a telegraph-signal type, then extended it 
in power. On each of its flights the 
"Pan American Clipper" was able to keep 
a constant running-fix of its position to 
the fraction of a mile by radio bearings 
it could take on ocean vessels and a half 
dozen shore stations. It can then check 
those readings with bearings taken bv its 
base stations on its own signals. Gone 
forever is the great hazard that once 
faced fliers crossing great expanses of 
ocean. 

Gone, too, are the hazards that once 
existed when unexpected fog obscured 
objective harbors. A well-tried, perfect- 
ly proven procedure of using the radio 
direction-finders in conjunction with the 
plane's flying instruments enables the 
big ships to land smoothly and accurately 
in any of its base harbors. 

All summer long, piece after piece 
has been fitted into the picture. Base af- 
ter base has taken shape. Stage after 
mge has been flight-tested. The ground 
flying crews have topped off years of 
training in the Caribbean with actual 
proof flights over the Pacific The radio 
is ready and efficient beyond the most 
optimistic expectations. 

(Continued on Page 141 



December 6, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



HUNDRED NAMES 



POND-YEP WEDDING NEAR 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Pond an- 
nounced the forthcoming marriage of 
their daughter, Constance Jeanne, to 
Mr. John Yep. 

The wedding will take place on the 
seventh of December at the Temple Me- 
thodist Episcopal Church, 110 McAlli- 
ster St. A reception will be held at the 
Shanghai Low that evening. Mr. Yep is 
the owner of the California Shrimp Co. 
of this city. 

• • 

FOUR SEAS CLUB ANNIVERSARY 
In observance of the seventh anni- 
versary of its existence, the local Four 
Seas Club wll hold its annual dinner at 
the Far East Cafe on Dec. 18. Election 
of officers will also be held. 

Present officers are: William Wong, 
president; George Lau, secretary; Frank 
Hee, treasurer; and Lawrence Jung, 
general manager. 

• • 

A daughter was born on Nov. 19 to 
the wife of Chu Ju Siang, 2134 Eleventh 
Ave. Oakland. 

• • 

A daughter was born on Nov. 26 to 
the wife of Leong Fook Ock, 777 Sac- 
ramento St., San Francisco. 

• • 

A daughter was born on Nov. 23 to 
the wife of George Chuck Lum, 909 
Jackson St., San Francisco. 

• • 

A daughter was born to the wife of 
Ralph G. Fung, 387 Ninth St., Oakland, 
on Nov. 14. 

• • 

A son was born on Nov. 23 to the 
wife of Willie Leong, 1235 Washington 
St., San Francisco. 

• • 

A son was born on Nov. 23 to the 
wife of Chuck Nee Quong, 730 Jack- 
son St., San Francisco. 

• • 

BON VOYAGE TO MRS. CHAN 

Mrs. Clarence Chan, who will sail for 
Honolulu with her family, Tuesday, 
Dec. 10, was guest of honor at a bon 
voyage dinner, Wednesday, at the Far 
East Restaurant. 

After the dinner, there was bridge and 
mah jong at the home of Mrs. Loy Kwok 
on Washington Street. 

The hostesses of the evening were: 
Mesdames Loy Kwok, Ira Lee, James 
Mah, Norman Chinn, George Quock, 
Thomas Chinn, and the Misses Mabel 
Mar, Alice P. Fong, Emeline Fong, 
Daisy K. Wong, May Jung, and Helen 
Fong, Ruth Young, and Bertha Wong. 



BRIEF BIOGRAPHY SKETCH 
Short, interesting biographical 
sketches or antecdotes about Chi- 
nese currendy in the eyes of the 
world will be found regularly 
under the above heading in the 
Chinese Digest 



T. V. SOONC 

T. V. Soong, Chairman of National 
Economic Commission, born at Shang- 
hai in 1894; received his early education 
under private auspices and at St. John's 
University at Shanghai, following which 
he went to the United States and entered 
Harvard University in 1915 from which 
he received a degree from the school of 
administration. He then entered Colum- 
bia University where he took graduate 
work at the same time serving on the 
staff of several leading New York bank- 
ing houses. 

Upon returning to China, he joined 
the Han-Yeh-Ping Coal and Iron works 
at Hankow, as secretary. 

Later, he was appointed general man- 
ager of the International Trading Cor- 
poration. At the time of the organization 
of the Nationalist Government, he went 
to Canton and served as director of the 
Department of Commerce and organizer 
and general manager of the Chinese 
Central Government Bank. Several years 
later, he became Commissioner of Fin- 
ance for Kwangtung and in 1926 was 
appointed Minister of Finance of the 
Nationalist Government. In the spring 
of 1927, he retired from the Nationalist 
Government at Hankow and came to 
Shanghai. In the fall of that same year, 
he joined the Nanking Government as 
Minister of Finance, and concurrently 
was Vice President of the Executive 
Yuan. (The latter organ corresponding 
to the Cabinet of other governments.) 
He resigned from these posts and be- 
came Chairman of the National Econ- 
omic Commission in 1934. Considered 
one of the leading financiers of China, 
he is the brother of Madame Sun Yat- 
sen, Mme. Chiang Kai-shek, and Mme. 

H. H. Kung. 

• • 

CORRECTION 
In the last issue of the CHINESE 
Digest, an error was made regarding 
General Chiang Kai-shek's present po- 
sition in the National Government of 
China. He is now chairman of the 
Commission of Military affairs. He had 
previously resigned from the posts of 
chairman of the National Government 
and the Presidency of the Executive 
Yuan. 



Huang Chen Yu, a Manchurian far- 
mer, claims to be the smallest man in the 
Orient, being only two feet eight inches 
tall. He was married at the age of 8 and 
divorced at 15. When asked if he in- 
tended to marry again, Huang replied, 
"How can a man of my size command a 
wife's respect?" 



II m il I m i ii m i r u iiii I mm irn riTii riiiiri nun [inn] m i I tl l l l I lllll i 1 1 I TTT TrrrrrmTTT 

WHEN YOU BUY 
DAIRY PRODUCTS 



You can feel the texture of cloth; 
you can weigh a measure of grain; 
but you cannot test the purity and 
wholesomeness of dairy products 
with any of the senses. That is why 
the name of California's leading 
dairy products company — Golden 
State — means so much on milk, 
butter, ice cream and other dairy 
foods. It is a name which stands 
for quality, for integrity in every 
product bearing this famous name. 
You can always depend upon 
Golden State brand for highest 
quality. 

GOLDEN STATE 

DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Henry Lum, Chinese Representative 

San Francisco - Oakland - Stockton - 

Sacramento - Palo Alto - San Jose - 

Richmond - Vallejo - Fresno - Merced 

-- - ----- ^mLUilllll l ll H l m i uiiiiiiiiini MiiiiiH i nn i n i m i n i n iii n i i ii 



lUIIIIIIIIUIIIIillllUllUllll.llnlllhllHII 



NEW 

CENTURY 

BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Manufacturers of 

Orange Crush 

Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 



820 Pacific St. 



DOuglas 0547 



San Francisco, California 
i TminiiiminnmniiimimTiMTmnii"MiMti. ......„.„ 



„« 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, ?2.00; Per copy, 5c 

Not responsible for contributions 
unaccompanied by return postage 

STAFF 

CHING WAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY Associate Editor 

FRED GEORGE WOO Sports 

CLARA CHAN _ Fashions 

ETHEL LUM Community Welfare 

ROBERT G. POON Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising 



a 



SEVEN STEPS TO FAME" 



"Old Chinatown" is famous the world over as a 
beauty spot and an exotic center of Oriental intrigue 
and "ways that are dark." But at times we must admit 
it borders on being a plain ordinary slum, or worse 
still, another "Manchukuo." To make Chinatown a 
tourist magnet would mean much to the pocketbooks 
of the younger generation. The "Seven Steps to 
Fame" were first given by Chingwah Lee in September, 
1930, but we feel that it is worth printing: 

1. Inauguration of Public Pagentry: All outdoor 
fashion shows, festivals, and religious rites should be 
given at stated intervals so that transportation com- 
panies, tourist and convention bureaus, and newspapers 
can advertise them for us months in advance. Such 
festivals as "Autumn Moon Festival," "Feast of the 
Lantern," and the "Seven Maidens Festival" should 
be revived. The Lion Festival for the Hospital or the 
Community Chest, if planned in advance, should merit 
city support. 

2. Wearing of Chinese Garments. There is no 
garment in all the world more ugly than male European 
garments of the present era. Therefore it is our duty 
to be courageous enough not to hide the best and ape 
the worse. Of course it is impractical to wear them at 
all times, at present. But on important occasions and 
during indoor activities the wearing of Chinese gar- 
ments should be stimulated. Perhaps the awarding of 
prizes to the best costume would help. 

3. Creation of a Chinese Garden. At St. Mary's 
Square, imported flowers and shrubs from the Orient 
will lend an educational value to the place. The con- 
struction of a tall, be-jewelled golden pagoda will en- 
able visitors to see all of Chinatown as well as much of 
the bay and the financial and shopping district. A 
pavilion serving tea will enable the shoppers to rest and 
meet friends. A pond, rockeries and Stone Buddhas 
complete the picture. 

4. Converting Dirty Alleys Into Picturesque 
Lanes. Painting and shrubs first. Then flower boxes 
an all balconies, flower baskets dangling from windows. 
Flags and banners from house tops. Red lanterns 
and more red lanterns. Bamboo benches and huge 
pottery urns. 

5. Rigid Maintenance of a Building Code; super- 



HOSPITAL IN HOY-PING 
DISTRICT CONTEMPLATED 

For some years the Hoy-ping District Kwangtung 
province has maintained a small government dispen- 
sary to take care of its indigent sick as well as to intro- 
duce western medicine and standards of health, sani- 
tation, and prevention of disease among the popu- 
lation. 

Recently the director of this dispensary, Mr. Tsui, 
felt that this work should be enlarged to form the be- 
ginning of a hospital so that patients who came from 
distant villages for extensive medical treatments, may 
be given temporary hospitalization and that prenatal 
and obstetrical care should also be provided. The mate- 
rialization of such a plan means the establishment of a 
district people's hospital. 

Already one thousand Kwangtung dollars have 
been appropriated from the district government, and 
plans are being drawn for the enlargement of the dis- 
pensary. As several thousand dollars will be needed 
for this purpose, the various villages and towns have 
been asked to conduct financial campaigns to raise the 
needed funds. 

Thus, one phase of rural rehabilitation work is 
being carried out in the province. It is work of this 
kind, pursued while the country is in the midst of dis- 
order by communists, and of military and political 
aggressions by foreign nations, which is, slowly and 
imperceptively but surely, transforming the life of the 
people. 

vising the construction of houses and signs to con- 
form with the rest of Chinatown. And our street 
lamps should also be replaced by those of Chinese 
design. 

6. Changing of Street and Place Names to Con- 
form to Chinese Environment. For example: 

Wavery Place Yuan Yin Street 

Jason Court Lotus Lane 

Spofford Alley Buddha Court 

Becket Street Red Lantern Alley 

Cameron Alley Ming Court 

7. The Addition of Chinese Architectural Ele- 
ments on All Vacant Spaces and Blank Walls. A niche 
may easily house a stone or bronze statue, with, per- 
haps, an incense urn in front of it. A blank wall may 
be utilized as a bulletin board, where all lodges and 
associations are welcome to post their announcements 
as long as it is in Chinese or devoid of advertisements. 
The addition of a well-shaped fountain, an incense 
incinerator (suitable also for firecrackers during fes- 
tivals), or a large pottery urn for gold fish or plants 
•'-. orld corners or blind streets — such "little thing! 
would make Chinatown an attractive tourist spot again. 

All this can be done without "injuring" the standard 
of the younger generation. We are Chinese, and will 
always be. Our cultural life is something to look up to. 
a heritage not common in America. Let us turn to any 
other field of endeavor, and see how many of us can 
find employment outside of Chinatown. 

Therefore, let us keep and develop Chinatown into 
a distinctive town — again a world-famous town! 



December 6, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 9 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



"CHINA'S MILLIONS." By Anna 
Louise Strong. 457 pages. New York: 
Knight Publications. 118 East Twenty- 
eighth St. #2.50. 

Authoress Strong has revised this book 
and brought her accounts up to 1935. 
The book gives a graphic, first-hand de- 
scription of the momentous days of poli- 
tical China in 1927, when the Kuomin- 
tang came to the parting of the ways 
with the Soviet communists, a move 
which changed the course of the Chinese 
revolution. The author's account is vig- 
orous, alive, independent; but because 
she is an "intellectual-idealist" (as she de- 
scribes herself in her recent autobiog- 
raphy T Change Worlds') and a Marx- 
ist of the first water, her sympathy was 
very much with China's downtrodden 
masses who were made to suffer and to 
give their lives for a cause which they 
did not understand. 

In revising the book Authoress Strong 
has embodied much valuable informa- 
tion about Chinese Soviets, the Japanese 
military operations in Manchuria, and 
the changes the last eight years have 
brought about in the Kuomintang. 

Those who have read Vincent 
Sheean's "Personal History" and re- 
member the middle portion of it, in 
which he describes his emotional reac- 
tions during those violent days of 1927, 
should do well to read "China's Mil- 
lions" and note how differently two in- 
dividuals, both idealists, both good jour- 
nalists, react to the same events during 
a fateful period of a nation's rebirth. 



WILLIAM HOY 



"CHINA'S CHANGING CIVILIZA- 
TION." By Loo Lai-han. Pamphlet. 
New York: China Institute in America. 

Being a bibliography of books in the 
English language, dealing with contem- 
porary Chinese life. A good book-guide 
for those who wish to know the right 
books to read in order to gain a clear 
understanding of changing China and an 
insight into the processes of that change. 



"CHINA: A SHORT CULTURAL 
HISTORY." IBy C. P. Fitzgerald. 
Cresset Press: London. 

Another addition to the list of many 
other books dealing on practically the 
same subject matter. 

"A HISTORY OF CHINESE ART." 

By Arnold Silcock. Oxford University 
Press. 

Still another addition to other tomes 
dealing on this matter, which the West 



is slowly beginning to appreciate. 



"PEOPLE IN CHINA." 32 photo- 
graphic studies from life. By Ellen 
Thorbecke. Harrap: London. 

The wife of a former Netherland min- 
ister to China presents a quasi-scientific 
study of many Chinese types, such as 
the farmer, street vendor, fortune-teller, 
rickshaw puller. Under each picture is 
an explanatory note giving the necessary 
information for an understanding of the 
subject. These pictures were taken while 
the author was a resident of Peiping and 
Shanghai. Should be interesting for 
those who collect and treasure camera 
studies. The pictures were taken with a 
Rolleiflex camera. 

The Magazine Digest for December 
has a short medical description of the 
therapeutic value of Chinese use of the 
moth-cricket, which, in dried, crushed 
form, administered as a syrup, is sup- 
posedly a cure for tuberculosis. "How 
China Fights Tuberculosis," is the title 
of the article, reprinted from a French 
journal. 



The Reader's Digest for December re- 
prints a small portion from Lin Yu-tang's 
book, "My Country and My People," on 
the Chinese art of eating. Just a sam- 
ple of Dr. Lin's erudition, plus humor. 

Asia for December has "The 'Four 
G"ntlemen' of China", by Wang Chun- 
chu, a contemporary scholar-artist in the 
old tradition and author of a recent 
book on "The Evolution of Chinese 
Painting". 

Mr. Wang presents a superb descrip- 
tion and analysis of the technique in the 
painting of the wild plum, the orchid, 
the chrvsanthemum, and the bamboo — 
these bein<r the 'Four Gentlemen'. 
EAST- WEST AIR BRIDGE 

Suppose that some time in 1936 you 
would like to make a flying trip to 
China from the Pacific mainland, either 
for travel, education or business. Here 
is a graphic mental picture of what 
would happen: 

You board a "Clipper" in San Fran- 
cisco Bay one late afternoon. A little 
later, settled comfortably in a luxuri- 
ously furnished compartment, dinner is 
served you — a m"I eaten hi<?h above 
the clouds and under star-lit skies, while 
beneath vou is r he vast expanse of the 
b'"e Pacific. When you wake up the 
n»xt mornine after a night's rest in a 
lartrer-than-Pullman berth. you are 
greeted by a golden sun shining above 



the palms and roofs of Honolulu. It is 
early morning, and the fresh, fragrant 
air of the islands thrill your very being. 
Soon you are off again, "over a neck- 
lace of surf-ringed coral keys"; and land 
on Midway Island in the cool of the 
evening. There is an inn here, you eat 
your dinner and stop overnight. Next 
morning the "Clipper" is ready to take 
you to Wake Island, where you pass 
another night on land. Before another 
day has passed you land at Guam. 
Twenty-four hours later you are in the 
Far East — Manila. The following day 
you step ashore for luncheon in Macao, 
China. 

Thus will the development of aviation 
bridge the chasm of distance between 
the two largest nations bordering the 
Pacific. But — will this new method of 
travel be worth while commercially? The 
answer is contained in an article in the 
December Cosmopolitan, entitled "Now 
— To China By Air!" written by W. I. 
Van Dusen and Daniel Sayre. Excerpts: 
"What new economic processes will 
be created by this revolution in trans- 
portation? What will be the effect on 
financial transactions, credit, exchange? 
Three-day drafts in place of 30-day 
drafts ... 27 days of interest saved; . . . 
quicker exchange; capital kept at pro- 
ductive work. 

"What new channels will be open to 
American commerce? Heretofore there 
has been no 'express' shipping service for 
foreign trade. The five-ton tractor and 
the five-ounce tube of toothpaste took the 
same time in transit. Light-weight merch- 
andise . . . the bulk of our domestic 
sales products, were economically barred. 
Now, the railroads have allied with the 
airline within the United States to com- 
plete the links in this great trade route 
. . . and 20,000 offices of Railway Express 
Agency and the domestic airlines will 
act as depots for Oriental commerce, as 
they now do for our Latin-America 
trade. 

"With these wings for our commerce, 
American style goods will be displayed 
in Oriental shops the same day they 
appear on Fifth Avenue. Blue prints, 
samples, estimates, orders will speed be- 
tween the hemispheres by air mail." 

These are some of the commercial 
potentialities American business men will 
realize when the present San Francisco- 
Manila airline is extended to China next 
year. The Pacific area is about to face 
a new and dramatic era. For America, 
the course of empire is truly marching 
westward. 



f^ 



Page 10 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



COM MUNITY WELFARE 



ETHEL LUM 



A CHINESE COMMUNITY 
CENTER 

By Samuel D. Lee 

Is the Care of the Chinese 
Our Responsibility? 

The recent celebration of "A Cen- 
tury of Commerce" in San Francisco 
failed to bring out the important role 
played by the Chinese in the building 
of the Pacific Coast and, in particular, 
San Francisco. It is doubtless true that 
the contributions of the Chinese have 
not materially changed the Western 
scene nor have they left manifestations 
upon the cultural life of California. 
Nevertheless, how much of the West 
could have been developed in such 'a 
short span of time were it not for the 
part played by Chinese labor? 

Americans from the Atlantic seaboard 
settled the Pacific Coast in 1848 soon 
after the news of the gold strike. The 
early pioneers came to California in 
search of gold, and in no endeavor to 
find new markets for their labor. With 
their time occupied in the search of gold, 
who was to do the routine work of build- 
ing a community, the job of clearing 
the forests, road-building, and other 
manual duties as important as any other 
factor in the construction of the West? 
Chinese Labor in Demand 

Chinese were said to have migrated to 
this country in 1850. Before railroad 
building began in earnest, Chinese were 
employed in great numbers in the min- 
ing regions. The work of clearing 
forests, digging up tree stumps and other 
such jobs were available to them. They 
represented the only source of labor 
willing to consider such work. Their 
services were in such demand that there 
soon began a concerted movement to 
contract them to this country. Extortion- 
ate taxes made it impossible for them to 
enter the gold fields; employers were pen- 
alized for using Chinese in the mines 
by excessive head taxes. 

Chinese Lured Here 

When the Central Pacific Railroad of 
California began construction of its road 
in 1863, the shortage of labor was acute. 
Only the Chinese were willing to sac- 
rifice the comforts of the city for work 
in construction camps; the completing of 
the railroads with occidental help was 
impossible without expensive delay. The 
shortage of labor led to the contracting 
of Chinese to this country. Men were 
sent to China with fabulous tales of op- 
portunities in the newlv discovered "Gum 
Shan" (Golden Hill-America) . A return 



trip to China was promised those who 
came to America to assist in the building 
of a great empire. And why shouldn't 
these stories be circulated? Were not 
these agents paid $4 for every Chinese 
sent to America? 

Economic Necessity 

There were at that time no sinister 
thoughts regarding the position of these 
"celestials" in the building of the West. 
The peace-loving Chinese were not tres- 
passing the rights of the citizens of this 
country with their cheap labor; they were 
an economic necessity to the welfare of 
the West. They were welcomed not only 
because they added color to an already 
picturesque community, but because they 
were able to provide leisure time for the 
populace by performing the less desir- 
able tasks in the community. 

The contribution of the Chinese in 
speeding the development of the West is 
best illustrated by the construction of the 
railroad to Ogden, Utah. The Central 
Pacific was struggling for its existence; 
and its future was dependent upon the 
completion of the road to Ogden before 
the Union Pacific, an Eastern concern, 
reached that point from the east. Only 
the application of Chinese labor made 
the continuance of this Pacific Coast 
railroad concern possible. 

Empty Promises 

After the major construction of the 
roads was completed, Chinese laborers 
were dumped in San Francisco in spite 
of previous promises to send them back 
to their homes in China. They were not 
unemployed for long, because there was 
already a market for their services in the 
newly created industries in the cities. 
Book-makers, broom-makers, cigar-mak- 
ers, and munition works were having 
their difficulties finding workers. Were 
not the other racial groups more inter- 
ested in the possibilities of striking gold 
than day-to-day labor in the factories? 
Would not the development of San Fran- 
cisco as an industrial center be delayed 
if the only source of labor supply, the 
Chinese laborer, was not available? 

And what of the labor to till the soil? 
California was beginning to take form 
as an agricultural country; who was to do 
the work? Fortunately, there were still 
Chinese entering the country to supply 
this demand. By 1890 more than 75 per 
cent of the farm workers were Chinese? 

Cannery workers, especially fish-pack- 
ers, were difficult to supply; but then 
Chinese were always available to do the 
iobs which failed to appeal to others. 
The Chinese played such an important 



part in the development of the salmon 
packing industry and other "fisheries' 
that a mechanical device to prepare fish 
for canning was commonly called the 
"iron chink." 

Learn Cooking, Ironing 

The gay nineties was made possible 
chiefly through the application of Chi- 
nese labor. San Francisco, by this time, 
became aware of a gradual loss of cul- 
tural life, due to the lack of leisure time. 
Laundering, cooking, and housework, 
commonly done by hired women domes- 
tics on the Eastern seaboard, were not 
available on the Pacific Coast. The ratio 
of male to female showed a scarcity of 
women domestics. The Chinese again 
came to the rescue by quickly acquiring 
the art of cooking and ironing; two 
skills not common amongst an agricul- 
tural people. Their association with these 
occupations increased to such propor- 
tions that, soon after, the flat-iron be- 
came symbolic of the Chinese. 
Chinese Must Go 

By 1890 the gold cycle was completed; 
the mines began to peter out and men 
were forced into the cities with no visible 
means of sustenance. The unemployment 
problem was solved by accusations that 
cheap Chinese labor was wrecking the 
country. Unemployed "natives" were 
clamoring for jobs they once refused. 
"The Chinese must go' became a serious 
political issue. As in previous cases 
where Chinese labor satisfied the situa- 
tion, Chinese gradually withdrew from 
all fields of activities where they were 
not desired. The exodus back to China 
began: only those who were able to sup- 
ply the needs of the American families 
and the Chinese merchants remained in 
this country. The struggle for existence 
of the Chinese who adopted this coun- 
try began. By 1931 a few families were 
forced to appeal to public agencies for 
relief. Today, swept by the cyclonic wave 
of a five-year depression, more than 
2,000 people are dependent upon the 
public relief agency. 



Sales Service 

FORD 

BEN CHEY 

REPAIR SHOP 

725 Pacific St. GAr. 4592 

iii m i in i i i ii n in i i i i ii iii i.iii iiiiiiiiMiiuiiiiiiiiiiinrr nmnTTnTTm; 



December 6, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



FASHIONS 



CLARA CHAN 



Christmas Gift Suggestions For Milady 



This Christmas is going to be the 
merriest we will have had in years. 
What with the many shoppers down- 
town, (at last they have listened to the 
advice of store owners to shop early, and 
to the postmaster's plea to mail early), 
and new and exciting things on each 
and every counter in the downtown 
shops. I may safely predict that our 
Christmas stockings this year will be bul- 
ging with lots of nice things. 

This week, your fashion snooper, al- 
most receiving bruises and getting her 
eyes knocked out from elbows that 
seem to come from all directions, (rem- 
ember that I am by no means a tall per- 
son, but still full of Christmas enthu- 
siasm) lingered hours at each depart- 
ment and took full note of the many 
lovely things for gifts, and of what the 
wise shoppers are selecting for their 
friends. 

Have a Cocktail? 

For the friend who has done so much 
for us and whom we don't know how to 
repay: 

There is a handsome cocktail set- — yes, 
it is modernistic in design. Of the fam- 
ous Chase make, the chromium shaker 
has six cocktail cups of chromium to 
match. A good size tray belonging to 
the set, may be used separately. 

On display in a window of one of the 
local shops, is a very new lamp. Al- 
though there have been lamps and lamps 
of modernistic design, this one is truly 
different. The wood conical base is a 
foot in height, and painted a hard white. 
The clear parchment shade may be had 
in different colored borders. However, 
remember that this lamp should only go 
to a modernistic home. 

We may be either lazy or trying to 
save time, but, anyway, electric clocks 
have been devised to serve either pur- 
pose. They are very attractive in design, 
guaranteed to help you late getter up- 
pers, to leave for work on time. 

If your pocketbook permits, an im- 
ported fitted case would be a most wel- 
come gift. A smart black leather case, 
with a complete set of comb and brush 
and cosmetic bottles of chromium and 
onyx black, may be purchased in one of 
the leading apparel shops. Incidentally, 
fitted cases made right in this country, 
equal in quality and beauty, are also 
found in a local shop at a reasonable 
price. 



Sophisticated Lady 

For the young girl who are fads and 
fancies-conscious: 

Feathers for her hair. Feathers, quills 
made to resemble flowers or petals, or 
just frankly a fluffy bunch of feathers 
caught with a rhinestone clip will be a 
welcome gift for the winter season. Fan- 
tasti<ics eations of gold kid, cut and 
curhe thlooking like pure gold metal, 
and" o,ipe clusters of pearls also make 
attrainjve head-dresses. 

If your friend (like many of us) is 
the type who goes ga-ga over huge brace- 
lets, by all means, get her one. Wide 
bracelets, both in rhinestone, and metal 
are the newest things in jewelry. There is 
a perfectly stunning rhinestone set that 
I came across on my scouting tou r. A 
wide, flexible bracelet with a clear syn- 
thetic stone of green. Then, too, there's 
a ring and a pair of clips, similarly set, 
to match. Wide metallic bracelets of the 
Renaissance type with pins and clips to 
match are also available. 

Bags — aside from the standard, or 
rather good standbys, of leather and 
suede, there are seen some adorable vel- 
vet purses to match the velvet costume 
of this season. A wide selection of color, 
tricky design but nevertheless practical, 
and very, very reasonable. 

And then there are those delightful 
extravagant things that we never buy for 
ourselves, but would like to possess — for 
instance, perfume. Of course "Noel de 
Nuit" would be an appropriate fra- 
grance, but why be conventional, give 
something excitingly new in the line of 
parfums such as Lelong's "Gardenia" 
that goes with cocktails, dancing, and 
parties; or the new Spanish perfume 
which is really exotic as a Spanish 
senorita. 

'Twas the Night Before Xmas 

For milady: 

If you are considering gloves, remem- 
ber that they are coming in with wider 
flared cuffs. They are found in fabric, 
doeskin, or kid. For something new, 
there are the richly colored velveteen 
gauntlets, also woolen gloves, very smart 
for the tweed lady. Practical, and to 
brighten dark winter costumes, these are 
inexoensive as well as thoughtful gifts. 

While pre-Christmas sales of boudoir 
slippers are on, select several to put 
aside for friends or members of the fam- 
ily. (I am sure the ones we received last 
year are good and worn.) White kid 



WANT TO FLUTTER AT YOUR 
NEXT FORMAL? 

Winged Fashions 

Like night moths or rare butterflies 
are the next formals. 

Palest blue and blackest black are a 
rare and beautiful combination for fes- 
tive nights. Imagine a black chiffon 
gown — neckline mounting high to the 
base of your throat — with a wing-like 
cape in blue, sprinkled with shimmering 
embroidered butterflies arranged softly 
over your shoulders. 

Or a clear soft grey-blue formal of 
vaporous chiffon, richly contrasted with 
a finger-tip cape of wine red velvet, a 
wide border of fox, in the same subtle 
shades as the dress. 

Can't you picture them? 

Li'en Fa 



cavalier with flexible sole and wooden 
heels come trimmed with red, green, and 
blue fleece cuffs. Or perhaps those lux- 
urious looking lapin mules dyed in diff- 
erent pastel shades, and again, perhaps a 
cleopatra type of satin mule studded with 
varied colored stones would please mi- 
lady. The newest boudoir slippers, how- 
ever, come with square toes, made of 
corduroy and heavy brocade. Don't for- 
get that our own Chinese slippers are 
still great favorites. 

Sweaters nowadays look handknit. A 
good selection of color and styles is 
available in a leading shop well known 
for its sportwear. To add a personal 
touch to the gift, you may have her in- 
itials embroidered on the sweater for a 
small sum. 

Traditionally a good gift, handker- 
chiefs this year are a bit more exciting. 
Maybe we are becoming more practical, 
for, instead of the mere dab of linen 
which we are accustomed to using, the 
handkerchiefs are now made larger than 
standard size. Hand rolled edge, color- 
ful designs, and in some, boldly embroi- 
dered monograms, these handkerchiefs 
will prove more than a last minute gift. 

(Watch next week's issue for gift sug- 
gestions for the boy friend.) 



For further information regarding 
any of the above mentioned sugges- 
tions, please phone the Chinese 
Digest. 



— ; 



Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



THE STORY OF CERAMIC ART 



(II) HOW TO IDENTIFY PORCE- 
LAIN AND PORCELLANEOUS 
STONEWARE 

Porcelain differs from pottery in that 
it is characteristically white in color, is 
translucent to light, cannot be scratched 
by steel, is fine in texture, and when 
struck, gives a musical resonant sound. 
The Chinese name is tsu, a word having 
rock as its radical, and hence implying 
a more vitrified material than pottery. 
This word was in use shortly before the 
appearance of porcelain and at that 
time may have connoted a harder form 
of pottery such as stoneware, to distin- 
guish it from a softer form, such as 
terra cotta or earthenware. 

Anthropologists are in the habit of 
considering porcelain as pottery with the 
glaze incorporated into the body mater- 
ial. Or, to put it another way, we may 
say that it is pottery permeated with 
glass. It was achieved by the Chinese 
sometime between the Han and the 
T'ang Dynasty. It is composed of two 
main ingredients: a white clay (Kaolin) 
and a ground felspathic rock (petuntse), 
which, when fused, gives vitrification to 
the porcelain. A finer grade of petuntse, 
when mixed with lime, also furnishes 
the basis for the glaze. But many other 
ingredients often enter into the making 
of porcelain: ground quartz and stones, 
fine sand, a soapy rock (hua shih) 
coloring material, and even ground 
gems. 

True porcelain is frequently called 
"hard paste porcelain" to distinguish it 
from two types of "soft paste porce- 
lains." The European soft paste porce- 
lain is a less vitrified, lighter substance 
which borders on being a porcellaneous 
stoneware. The Chinese "soft paste", 
"soapy stone", or "steatitic" porcelain 
(all misnoners) is made by substituting 
hua shih in part or in whole for kaolin. 
The resulting ware has a fine grain and 
smooth textured surface, but lacks trans- 
lucency and tensile strength. It is just 
as hard as porcelain and is called hua 
shih porcelain. It is better suited for the 
making of small objects bearing fine 
painting on the surface. 

A famous center is Ching-te Chen in 
Kiangsi Province. It has been a pottery 
center since the time of the Hans, two 
thousand years ago and is still produ- 
cing porcelain today. Named Chang 
Nan Chen (Chen, a walled town) in 



I 



earlier times, it was changed to its pre- 
sent name after the Nien Hao of one of 
the emperors during the Sung Dynasty. 
During the Ming Dynasty, it produced 
nearly all the imperial wares made, and 
during the Ch'ing Dynasty, practically 
all the exports as well. Its output was 
eagerly sought after by wealtliv Eur- 
opeans during the early half the 
Ch'ing Dynasty, and many E° 'ean 
royal collectors had their pa lain 
rooms, some of which are preset d to 
this day. The Imperial Factory at Ching- 
te Chen, together with many of the mas- 
ters and their secrets, were destroyed dur- 
ing the T'ai Ping Rebellion in 1854, and 
to this day it has not recovered from the 
shock, although occasionally a limited 
variety of exceptionally fine porcelains 
are still produced. Thus, during the Pan- 
ama Pacific International Exposition of 
1915, the Ching-te Chen exhibit cap- 
tured the grand prize. 

There is another large class of cera- 
mics which is intermediate between 
pottery and porcelain. It is called 
stoneware, semi-porcelain, or porcellan- 
eous stoneware. Those which were pro- 
duced shortly before the achievement of 
porcelain are often called proto-porce- 
lain, but caution must be excercised so 
as not to apply this term to any wares 
after the appearance of porcelain in any 
one given culture area. 

Porcellaneous stoneware lacks the 
translucency of porcelain, and its color 
may be that of pottery rather than the 
pure white of porcelain. Its texture is 
typically a shade coarser than porcelain. 
However, it approaches porcelain in vi- 
trification, hardness, and resonancy. 
Where resonancy, and hence, vitrifica- 
tion is lacking, the term stoneware is 
appropriate. The Chinese do not 
attempt to draw sharp lines of demarka- 
tion about this group. The coarser ones, 
especially the stoneware";, are called fine 
pottery, the more vitrified wares, espe- 
cially those with a good resonance, are 
called porcp'^in or sand-bodied oorce- 
lain. as in r^e cas» of the hua shih. Or 
they apolv the general term yao to this 
group. 

Kwan^tung Province is famous for its 
numerous porcellaneous stoneware cen- 
ters. The products have close affinities to 
the wares of the Sung and the Ming 
Dynasty, but they never achieve the 
classic standards of earlier times. - 



CHINESE DISCOVERIES AND 
INVENTIONS 

(I) China Contributed the Finger 
Printing System 

Most "G-Men" will be surprised to 
know that the Chinese were the inven- 
tors of the finger printing system used 
today for identifying criminals. Not n 
only that, but they worked out the jx\ 
system for filing the prints by division '] 
into basic types — identically the samt-io 
in principle as the ones in use today. 

The system spread with the migration 
of the Chinese to the Straits Settlement, 
and Chinese merchants used the finger 
printing system in identifying Malays 
who cannot sign his name to bills of 
sale, pawn tickets, and other articles of 
transaction. 

It was in the Straits Settlement that 
the British police officers learned of the 
system and introduced it into Europe. 
For a while it was thought that these po- 
lice officers invented the system, filing 
and all. It was not until the late Dr. 
iBerthoId Laufer came out with his 
scholarly article tracing the evolution of 
the Chinese invention, that its origin 
was realized. 

(Next week: China Contributed the 
Seismograph) . 

• • 




The Grayline has introduced 
more than 10,000 tourists to China- 
town this year. In cooperation with 
the Chinese Trade and Travel 
Association these tourists are 
always directed to the best cafes 
and representative bazaars. 




Parlor Cars for picnics and Conventions 
Limousines for all occasions 

THE GRAYLINE, INC. 

Chingwah Lee, Director 

Chinatown Tour 

781 Market St. DOuglas 0477 

San Francisco, California 



December 6, 1935 



CHIN E S E DIGEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



Fred George Woo 




Chi-Fornians and 
Nanwah to Play 

The initial 'big game" of the present 
basketball season in Chinatown will take 
place this Sunday evening at the French 
Court, when the Nanwah and Chi- 
Fornian teams clash. 

Both teams are determined to win this 
game, and a hard-fought tilt is predicted, 
with the Nanwahs entering the contest a 
slight favorite. A probable starting line- 
up has been announced by the Nanwah 
coach, Albert Lee Kay. Fred Gok, Fred 
Wong, and George Lee are expected to 
bear the brunt of its attack. 

Chi-Fornian Club will rely on Vic 
Wong, Jack Look, and Hank Whoe to 
supply its offensive attack. The coach 
named Herbert Louie and Dave Chinn to 
start the game along with these three 
players. 

Probable line-ups: 
Nanwahs Chi-Fornians 

Fred Won? F Whoe 

J. Tom Wye - F V. Wong 

G. Lee C._ J. Look 

F. Gok - G H. Louie 

P. Mark . . G D. Chinn 

Remainder of squads are as follows: 
Nanwahs — T. Yepp, H. Chinn, S. Lee, 
W. Chan. Chi-Fornians — T. Lee, J. 
Hall, F. Mark, J. Lee, H. Tom, and P. 
Wong. 

A preliminary game will start at 7 
p. m. between the Nanwahs and Sales- 
ian '30s. Nanwah squad: T. Bow, J. 
Wong, A. Lee, C. Yip, A. S. Lee, M. 
Lee, F. Chan, F. Lowe, G. Chin, and 
Buow. Salesians: Puccinelli Culcogno, 
Luke, Bonfidio, Pompei, Bacigalupi, 
Zavagneo, and Calderoni. 

• • 

WAH YING DARK HORSE 

One of the dark horse reams in the 
coming Wah Ying Basketball League 
will be the Nulite Club. Fifteen husky 
players will represent their ream. Al- 
though several of the performers aro of 
an unknown quantity, the Nulite squad 
expects to give a good account of itself 
against the other league entries. 



NORTH BAY BASKETBALL GAMES 

San Rafael High School's basketball 
teams split a doubleheader with the 
North Bay Chinese Athletic Club last 
week at the high school gym. The Chi- 
nese heavyweights defeated the prep 
varsity by a score of 34-29, while the 
school 130-pound lads eked out a close 
16-10 victory over the Chinese light- 
weights. 

G. Leung and W. Gee with nine 
points each and F. Wong with eight 
were the mainsta/s for the winners. The 
rest of the squad was composed of 
Chong, Luk, T. Chin, and Paul Wong. 
For the losers, Sparrow, Rossi, Whipple, 
and Wilson played well. Half-time score 
favored the Chinese, 16-6. 

Both lightweight teams failed to show 
an offense, but displayed defenses as 
strong as a stonewall. The Chinese team 
is composed of the following boys: Hoy, 
Wong, Hall, Leon Hon, Dave Chinn, 
and Wing. 

• • 
SCOUT SENIORS WIN 

In a contest held last week, the Troop 
3 Scout Senior basketball team walloped 
the Park Athletic Club, at the Aptos 
school gym. The final score was some- 
thing like 50-12. The Chinese outplayed 
their opponents from start to finish, and 
the final tally might as well have been 
about 100-12. Silas Chinn stood out as 
the outstanding man for Don Lee's boys. 

• • 
COMMERCE WINS LEAGUE TITLE 

Commerce High School won the Chi- 
nese All-Hi Basketball League, which 
concluded last week, after two weeks of 
strenuous competition. The Bulldogs 
went through the schedule without a 
single defeat. Gold basketballs will be 
awarded to members of the title-winning 
team. 

The Commerce team was managed by 
Peter "Spud" Chong, and captained by 
Hin Chin. Its outstanding players were 
Daniel Leong, Fred Wong, and Captain 
Hin. Other players were Henry Whoe, 
Henry Mew, Howard Ho, William 
Chan, Charles Louie, and Harry Chew. 

Outstanding stars of the other schools 
were Stephen Leong and Charles Low of 
Galileo; Fred Wong of Poly; Faye Lowe 
of Mission; and Ulysses Moy and Henry 
Chew of Lowell. The league was handled 
by Herbert Lee of Lowell, Stephen Le- 
ong of Galileo, and "Spud" Chong and 
Hin Chin of Commerce. Negotiations 
have started for a game between the 
championship Commerce team and the 
San Francisco J. C. Chinese cagers. 



CHITENA ROLLER SKATES 

Something new in the line of frolick- 
ing fun will be attempted by the Chinese 
Tennis Association. The Chitena is 
sponsoring a roller skating party to be 
held Dec. 30, at the Dreamland ice rink, 
Sutter and Pierce Streets. 

Skating is really very exciting and 
thrilling. If you don't believe it, just be 
there and try on a pair of skates. They 
promise very few bumps on the knees 
(if you are careful). 

The skating party will last from eight 
in the evening till 11:30. 

• • 
SHANGTAI CAGERS WIN 

In their first practice of the season, 
the Shangtai cagers flashed a powerful 
offense to swamp the Seraps, 62-25, at 
the Chinese Y. M. C. A. court last Fri- 
day evening. 

For the winners, George Lee with 16 
points and Charles Hing with 14 digits 
were the stars in the offensive attack. 
Scanlon played a good game for the 
losers, getting twelve points. 

• • 

WAH YING LEAGUE SCHEDULE 
The season schedule for the Wah 
Ying Bay Region Chinese Basketball 
Championship Tournament was an- 
nounced yesterday by promotion man- 
ager Yee. Duration of the tournament is 
five weeks, with two contests each Sun- 
day commencing Dec. 15, in the after- 
noons. 

The schedule: 

DEC. 15: 
T. 3 Scout Seniors vs. Nulite. 
Shangtai vs. T. 3 Scout Juniors. 
Chi-Fornians, bye. 

DEC. 22: 
Chi-Fornians vs. Shangtai. 
T. 3 Scout Juniors vs. Nulite. 
T. 3 Scout Seniors, bye. 

DEC. 29: 
T. 3 Scout Seniors vs. Scout Juniors. 
Nulite vs. Chi-Fornians. 
Shangtai, bye. 

JAN. 5: 
Shangtai vs. Nulite. 
Chi-Fornians vs. T. 3 Scout Seniors. 
T. 3 Scout Juniors, bye. 
JAN. 12: 
T. 3 Scout Juniors vs. Chi-Fornians. 
Shangtai vs. T. 3 Scout Seniors. 
Nulite, bye. 

It is interesting to note that Shangtai 
and the Troop 3 Scout Seniors clash in 
the final game of the season. These two 
fras are the favorites, and it may be 
n'Mnmcd that this contest will decide 
the title-holder. 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



KWONG SIL 
LOUIE LECTURES 

The third of a series of five lectures on 
Chinese civilization will be given Mon- 
day, December 9, 8 p. m., at the Chinese 
Y. W. C. A. by Kwong Sil Louie, chair- 
man of the Ning Yung Benevolent As- 
sociation. The subject will be: The 
Chou Classics. 

Mr. Kwong is a 72-year-old scholar 
of the old tradition, and is the only 
Cantonese now living who holds the 
title of "tsin shih," equivalent to the de- 
gree of Doctor of Philosophy. Between 
the ages of 19 to 25, he passed through 
a series of examinations required under 
the Manchu regime of candidates to 
qualify for public office. At the age of 
25, he left his native village in Toi 
Shan District to engage in political serv- 
ice under the reign of Kwang Hsu. The 
establishment of the Chinese Republic 
in 1912 ended his 23 years of imperial 
service. He then retired to his home in 
Shanghai to delve further into the study 
of ancient classics, Chinese medicine, and 
Chinese religions. 

He arrived in the United States in 
January, 1935, to serve a year's term as 
chairman of the largest district bene- 
volent association in San Francisco. 

Deeply interested in the ancient re- 
ligion of Buddhism, he expounded many 
of its doctrines in his lectures. A conser- 
vative, he observes the people and events 
of present day China not without some 
amusement and disdain. "In olden days, 
according to the teaching of Confucius," 
he mused, "the death of a parent called 
for a three-year period of mourning, 
while today young people entertain their 
guests on the third day." 

Master of the Chinese classics, and ex- 
ponent of the old monarchial order, Mr. 
Kwong commands the respect of the 
auasi-Americanized Chinese in this city. 
Old and young alike attend his lectures 
with great enthusiasm and interest. 
Teachers and students find these talks a 
helpful supplement to their studies in 
the Chinese evening language schools. 
During the lecture hours, the auditorium 
is filled to capacity. 

• • 

On Nov. 27, a seven and a half 
pound bov was born to the wife of 
Thomas Tong, at the Chinese Hos- 
pital. 

• • 

The relation between Inner Mon- 
golia and China Proper has been 
more closely linked as a result of 
the recent establishment of a wire- 
less telegraphic network. 



WINGS TO CHINA 

(Continued from Page 6) 
Golden Passage to Orient 

A take-off in late afternoon from San 
Francisco Bay. A landing at Honolulu 
17 hours later in the early morning sun- 
shine. Then only four daylight flights 
to Manila. Easy flights these four, with 
nights spent on the tiny base islands now 
sprung into new world prominence. A 
final half-day flight from Manila into 
Macao, near Canton, on the China coast. 

Bi-weekly frequencies are planned for 
the first flights, with air mail only. Then 
weekly service with mail, passengers and 
express. As traffic builds, and it should 
build swiftly, schedules will build in 
speed and in frequency. 

Then Hawaii will be the 49th state in 
fact as well as claim — and the age-old 
dream of a new golden passage to the 
Orient achieved at last. 



Quality Clothes For 
Men and Young Men 

JJSJIMM* 
rc//me 



men/ /h«p 

Camel's Hair and 
Worumbo Coats 
Reasonably Priced 
742 Grant Avenue 

San Francisco CHina 1500 

"WE ARE OPEN SUNPAYS" 



THE END 



A CHINESE INTERIOR 




uecemoer o, lyso 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 15 



FINANCE COMMISSIONER SAILS 

Mr. Woo Doon, Commissioner of Fin- 
ance of Kwangtung Province, sailed for 
China on board the S. S. Hoover last 
Friday. Mr. Woo spent nine months in 
the United States, studying the economic 
condition in various sections of Amer- 
ica. 

• • 

CHANS LEAVE FOR HONOLULU 
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Chan will sail 
with their two children, Betty and Cal- 
vin, for Honolulu, on Tuesday, Dec. 10, 
aboard the liner, Malolo. 

• • 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



/ 




4 



CHINA MAIL 

Ships arriving from China: 

President Jefferson (Seattle) Dec. 
10; President Pierce (San Francisco) 
Dec. 10; President Coolidge (San 
Francisco) Dec. 18; President Jack- 
son (Seattle) Dec. 24; President Wil- 
son (San Francisco) Jan. 7. 

Ships leaving for China: 

President Johnson (San Fran- 
cisco) Dec. 6; President Lincoln 
(San Francisco) Dec. 13; President 
Monroe (San Francisco) Dec. 20; 
President Coolidge (San Francisco) 
Dec. 27. 



CHINA AIRLINE STARTED 

Shanghai, China — The long planned 
Shanghai-Chengtu mail and passenger 
airline of the China National Aviation 
Corporation is now in operation, run- 
ning a twice-a-week service schedule over 
this 3,500 mile airline. Service from the 
Shanghai airport is on Tuesdays and 
Fridays, and from Chengtu on Wednes- 
days and Saturdays. 

The planes flying this route make 
stops on such famous central cities as 
Nanking, Kiukiang, Hankow, Ichang, 
and Chungking before it comes to the 
capital of Szechwan. The distance be- 
tween Shanghai and Chengtu is covered 
in less than a day, whereas, by rail or 
water transportation it required several 
weeks. 



THE THOUGHTFUL GIFT 

Are you wondering what you will give HIM, HER or THEM 
for Christmas? Then, may we suggest a gift which will not only 
give the recipient a wealth of enjoyable reading, but also serve as 
a weekly reminder of YOU throughout the year? 

It will be educational, stimulating, and chock full of every- 
day news of interest, 

The CHINESE DIGEST is THE Thoughtful Gift. 

EIGHT MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 

THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Enclosed please find the sum of .__ (dollars) for 

which send your special gift offer for eight months' sub- 
scription to 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY STATE 

SENDER'S NAME 

ADDRESS _ 

CITY STATE 



NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY STATE 

SENDER'S NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY STATE 



With the first issue of each gift offer the CHINESE DIGEST will enclose a 
Christmas card with the name of the sender. This offer expires December 20. 



Chinese Tobacco 
Business Off 

The tobacco business in China has suf- 
fered a serious falling off. Both produc- 
tion and consumption of cigarettes and 
cigars have been reduced to the lowest 
level since 1927. 

The decline is attributed to the fol- 
lowing reasons: 

(1) Collapse of farm economy and 
reduced purchasing power of the public. 

(2) Keen competition among the fac- 
tories resulting in. lowering of retail 
prices and closing up of factories. 

(3) Severe foreign competition has ta- 
ken away a substantial part of the dom- 
estic markets. 

It is estimated that the total Chinese 
capital in the tobacco business aggre- 
gates #77,300,000, Chinese currency, 
while the total foreign capital in the 
same business amounts to approximately 
#200,000,000, Chinese currency. The to- 
tal production of Chinese factories 
amounted to some 440,000 chests during 
last year. Most of these are of lower 
grades. A greater number of the expen- 
sive cigarettes in the Chinese markets 
were imported. 

During the month of September, 
1935, China imported about one million 
Chinese dollars' worth of tobacco of 
which about 60 per cent were tobacco 
leaves, 20 per cent cigarettes, and 20 per 
cent cigars and other forms of tobacco. 
The United States supplied most of 
China's tobacco imports. 
• • 

BANKERS LEAVE FOR CHINA 
Among the prominent passengers who 
sailed aboard the S. S. Hoover last Fri- 
day were Mr. C. F. Yu and Mr. Chen. 
Mr. Yu is manager of the Sin Hua Trust 
and Savings Bank at Tientsin. Mr. 
Chen, formerly connected with the Bank 
of China, London Agency, spent three 
weeks in the United States studying the 
American banking situation, and will be 
associated with Mr. Yu in Tientsin. Mr. 
Chen is a former student of Columbia 
University, N. Y. U, and the University 
of Illinois. 

Another prominent passenger was 
Meng Chi, Editor of the "China 
Speech" and a contributing editor of the 
"China Institute of America". 
• • 

Hunan leads in the production of 
antimony in the world and produces the 
greatest amount of aluminum, zinc and 
manganese in the country. 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 6, 1935 



~«<$ri 



ROOS 




ROOS "STOVER" 

A Hot Number for every day in 
the year . . . Light as the song in 
your heart; warm as the . 

glow of a hearth ^^** 



RooaBfo* 




MARKET AT STOCKTON 




Digest 



-. MftWS - SPO&TS - SOCIAL - COMWCWT 

^ feusiW€Ss-(?»aos , omy-t.aefttt.7uce »Te,^vet 







Vol. 1, No. 5 



December 13, 1935 



Cents 



NEWS ABOUT CHINA 

U. S., BRITAIN WARN JAPAN 

By Tsu Pan 




The United States and Great Britain sim- 
ultaneously pointed accusing fingers at Japan 
last week for its intricate plot against China. 

In a formal statement "in regard to the 
'autonomous movement' in North China, Chi- 
nese and Japanese activities in relation there- 
to," Secretary of State Cordell Hull called the 
attention of the world to the fact that solemn 
pledges of nations must be respected. He did 
*YS| not mention the name of Japan but it was 
III easily discernible that Japan was being charged 
for treaty violation. He let the world know 
that unusual developments in China are rightfully and 
necessarily of concern, not only to the Chinese govern- 
ment, alone, but also to other powers who, by treaty, 
have rights and interests in China. 

Threat to Treaty Rights and Obligations 
"There is going on in and with regard to North 
China," Mr. Hull said, "a political struggle which is 
unusual in character and which may have far reaching 
effects. The persons mentioned in reports of it are 
many; opinions with regard to it vary; what may come 
of it no one could safely undertake to say; but, what- 
ever the origin, whoever the agents, be what they may 
the methods, the fact stands out that an effort is being 
made — and is being resisted — to bring about a substan- 
tial chancre in the political status and condition of sev- 
eral of China's northern provinces." 

And Hull made it clear that such political disturb- 
ances can not help but make difficult the enjoyment of 
treaty rights and fulfillment of treaty obligations. Since 
the United States is one of the powers who have vested 
interests in China, the American government is there- 
fore closely observing what is happening there.^ Hull 
specifically pointed out that this is a period of "world- 
wide unrest and economic instability," thus telling the 
world the United States is not so much preoccupied by 
the Ethiooian crisis as to be oblivious of its Asiatic in- 
terests. Hull requested the nations of the world to 
keep their faith and principles and pledges. 

Sir Hoare Denounces Japanese Action 
In the British House of Commons, Foreign Sec- 
retary Sir Samuel Hoare made an even more straight- 
s-ward statement in denouncing Japanese action. He 
flatly asserted his belief that Japanese influence was 



brought about to shape Chinese internal politics. "I 
can only regard it as unfortunate," Sir Samuel told the 
House, "that events should have taken place which, 
whatever actual truth of the matter may be, lend color 
to belief that Japanese influence is exerted to shape 
Chinese internal political developments and adminis- 
trative arrangements. Anything which tends to create 
this belief can only do harm to the prestige of Japan and 
hamper developments, which we all desire, of the 
friendliest mutual relations between Japan and her 
neighbors and friends." 

In Chinese circles, the statements from Hull and 
Hoare were received with high enthusiasm. It was 
hailed as a strong rebuke to Japan for its part in insti- 
gating the North China autonomous movement. 

But in Tokio, government officials grinned with 
nonchalance. One foreign office spokesman commented 
that Hull was trying to reiterate the principles of 
international law. He wished to know whether Hull's 
statement was merely a manifestation of his ideals or 
whether he was going to take concrete steps. As to 
the British statement, the same spokesman said that it 
is apparently a description of recent Ahglo-Chinese rela- 
tions, insinuating that the latter countries must have 
come to some kind of an economic alignment as the 
Japanese have suspected. 

Political Affairs Commission 
In China it is heralded that a plan has been de- 
vised by which the Japanese desire and Chinese pres- 
tige could both be maintained. According to the plan 
the Nanking government would issue a decree estab- 
lishing a political affairs commission for Hopei and 
Chahar Provinces. This commission is virtually auton- 
omous in every way except that it recognizes the sov- 
ereignty of Nanking. It will control foreign relations 
and collect revenues for salt monopoly and the cus- 
toms. General Sung Cheh-Yuan is to be chairman of 
this commission. However, another report stated that 
'~~->eral Sung is now retired in a mountain retreat near 
Peipincf on account of Japanese pressure. 

The establishment of the political affairs commis- 
sion meant a virtual compromise with the Japanese 
militarists' desire to create an autonomist state from 
the provinces of Hooei, Shan-tung, Shansi, Chahar, 
(Continued on Page 2) 



Page 2 



CHINESE DICEST 



December 13. 1935 



NEWS ABOUT CHINA 

(Continued from Page 1) 

and Suiyuan. It would also maintain 
Nanking's prestige in the nominal con- 
trol of the areas under dispute. Up to the 
minute of this writing, however, no re- 
port has been received to confirm the 
actual establishment of the commission. 
National Congress Election 
In Nanking, at the close of the Na- 
tional Congress of Kuomintang, a gen- 
eral election was held at which practi- 
cally all the important positions of the 
National Government had been changed. 
Aged Lin Sen was, however, re-elected 
chairman of the National Government. 
Hu Han-min, who had been separated 
from Nanking on account of a differ- 
ence in political opinion, was elected 
chairman of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee of the Kuomintang. Wang Ching 
Wei was elected chairman of the Cen- 
tral Political Council. Chiang Kai-shek 
assumed the post of vice-chairman. Gen- 
eral Chiang was also elected president 
of the Executive Yuan, which corre- 
sponds to the post of prime minister in 
other countries. The portfolio of min- 
ister of foreign affairs went to Chang 
Chung, a Japanese returned student and 
one time mayor of Shanghai. 
Highest Organ 
According to the constitution of Kuo- 
mintang, the highest organ of the Kuo- 
mintang is the National Congress, which 
is convened once every two years. 
This body elects the Central Executive 
Committee to represent the National 
Congress when it is not in session. Dir- 
ectly under the Central Executive Com- 
mittee is the Central Political Council 
whose duty it is to determine the funda- 
mental policies to be executed by the 
national government. The relation of 
the Kuomintang and the national Gov- 
ernment was not formally denned until 
October, 1928, when the period of pol- 
itical tutelage was supposedly begun, 
and the "Principles Underlying the Per- 
iod of Political Tutelage" was promul- 
gated. According to this principle, the 
National Congress of the Kuomintang 
acts for the Chinese people in the ex- 
ercise of their political rights during the 
period of political tutelage. 

When the National Congress is not in 
session the political rights are exercised 
by the Central Executive Committee. 
The administrative functions of the 
state is entrusted to the National Gov- 
ernment. The direction and control of 
the National Government in the admini- 
stration of important state affairs is 
given to the Central Political Council 
of the Central Executive Committee. In 



CHINA IN WORLD OLYMPICS 

It is definitely known that China shall 
take part in the Tenth World Olympic 
Games to be held in Berlin August 1, 
1936. The National Government of 
China ..has ..appropriated ..a .sum ..of 
#170,000 for that purpose. 
• • 

AN ATHLETIC COMPARISON 

In our Nov. 22 issue, results of the 
Sixth Chinese National Athletic Meet 
were published. It is interesting to note 
that most of the performances were 
above par on the average, from a Chi- 
nese viewpoint. The times and distances 
however, turned in by the Far East 
Chinese seemed to be slightly below that 
of the American-born Chinese. 

In the track events, the Eastern Chi- 
nese seem to excel. For the 100-meter 
dash, the time of 10.8 is exceptionally 
fast. 100 meters is equal to about 109 
yards, and if the race had been for 100 
yards, the time would have been about 
9.9. And that's not slow time. 

For the 200 meter race (about 218 
yards) the time of 22.9 is on a par with 
the times turned in by our Western boys. 
The time of 2:03.1 for the 800 meters 
(872 yards) is a good feat. 

In the field events, the Asiatic Chinese 
do not seem to be very proficient. 123 '4" 
is below average for the discus throw, but 
the distance of 164'7" for the javelin 
throw is good, as the American-born boys 
cannot surpass these marks. 

22'8" being the record of the Shang- 
tai meet, for the broad jump event, they 
would have a hard time competing with 
the local boys, who are capable of doing 
better than 23 feet. Even our 110-pound 
youngsters jump around 21 feet, and 
fometimes better than that. 

The record high jump mark of 5'8" 
is not so sensational, either. The winner 
of that event at Shanghai might pos- 
sibly capture a third or fourth place in 
the meets held by our boys in the Ameri- 
can cities. 



other words, during the period of poli- 
tical tutelage, the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang is to re- 
present the bulk of the nation and ex- 
ercise the political rights on their behalf, 
while the National Government under 
the direction and control of the Central 
Political Council is to exercise the ad- 
ministrative powers in carryng out the 
affairs of the State, The line of authority 
thus runs from the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang, through 
the Central Political Council, to the 
National Government. 



Shanghai's New 
Social Racket 

A new racket, a variation of the 
"party girl" idea prevalent in America, 
has sprung up and taken root in the 
Paris of the Orient for the social con- 
venience of the treaty port's Chinese 
flaming youth and tired business men. 
As a contribution to the city's night life 
many service bureaus have been set up, 
the only function of which is to furnish 
young dancing partners and party es- 
corts to those unattached gentlemen, 
young and old, whose money help to 
sustain the business of hundreds of ca- 
barets and ultra modern night clubs of 
Shanghai. 

Each of these bureaus has scores of 
dancing girls on call, and a gentleman 
coming to the bureau pays a flat fee of 
thirrty cents, selects the lady of his 
choice, and takes her out for a night's 
social spree which does not end until the 
dawn, for Shanghai is a city that never 
sleeps. How much the "party girl" 
charges for her services is a matter be- 
tween her and her particular escort. 

These "girl date" bureaus are spring- 
ing up one by one, and although the 
Chinese authorities frown upon this new 
evidence of what they consider moral 
laxity, very little is done about it. 
• • 

CHINESE GONE HOLLYWOOD 

Hundreds of Chinese are now working 
in motion pictures at several major 
studios. Paramount. Universal, R. K. O. 
and M. G. M. have been raiding the 
Chinatowns all along the Pacific Coast 
for Chinese talent. 

The picture"Klondike Lou", starring 
Mae West, has many Orientals in it. as 
has "Anything Goes", with Bing Crosby. 

On the "Mother Lode" sets at the 
R. K. O. lot. Orientals with their make- 
up resembling early day pioneers are 
used. A large number of Chinese are 
working on "Sutter's Gold". 

Two hundred Chinese are expected to 
be used in "Good Earth", the gigantic 
M. G. M. production of Pearl Buck's 
best seller, starring Paul Muni and 
Louise Rainer. a new star from Austria 
• • 

A son was born on Nov. 21 to the wife 
of Quon Chun. 701 Alice Street, Oak- 
land, Calif. 



LONGS BAZAAR 


TOYS - NOTIONS ICE CREAM 


CANDY CONFECTIONS 


1100 Powell Street 


San Francisco - California 



r - 



December 13. 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



CHINATOWNIA 



LAUNDRY ORDINANCE PASSED 

All Chinese laundries will operate 
from seven in the morning till seven at 
night henceforth, according to an an- 
nouncement made by the Chinese Laun- 
dry Association. Any concern found 
still open after seven P. M. will be sub- 
jected to a fine of $500.00 or six weeks 
imprisonment, it was ruled by the city. 



Hong Kong Restaurant 
Announces the Opening of 

HONG KONG 
TAVERN 



At 1125 Franklin St., Oakland 

"We Serve the Best Straight Liquors 
and Mixed Drinks in Town" 



—AT THE TAVERN— 
Tom Donlin Jack Burns 

"Open Day and Night" 

Featuring 

Chinese and American Dishes 



Restaurant 

1701-1703 
Seventh St. 



Restaurant 

1121-1123 
Franklin Street 



Tavern 

1125 Franklin St. 



S. F. J. C. Forms 
Student Club 

The newly-formed Chinese Students' 
Club of San Francisco Junior College 
held its first social at the International 
Institute recently. Mr. Edward Sandy, a 
member of the faculty who has been 
appointed advisor to the club, was host 
for the evening. Refreshments were 
served. Dancing, bridge, and entertain- 
ment were enjoyed by all. Dance music 
was furnished by the Chinatown Knights. 

Officers of the club are as follow*: 
president, Wallace Mark; vice-president, 
Gladys Chin; secretary, George Chinn; 
and treasurer, Stephen Pond. 

• • 
AGED MAN DIES 

Lee Lit, sixty years of age, passed 
away last week at the San Francisco 
Hospital. His death was attributed to 
double pneumonia. 

Lee complained of feeling ill in the 
evening, and was rushed to the hospital, 
where he died early the next morning. 

BIG GAME PICTURES TO 
BE SHOWN AT "Y" 

Motion pictures of the Stanford-Cali- 
fornia Big Game will be shown at the 
Chinese Y.M.C.A. December 19, from 8 
to 9 p. m. This program was arranged 
through the courtesy of Roos Bros, and 
Harry Mew. The public is invited. 

This full hour program includes 
showing of both the California and 
Stanford ba n ds before the game and be- 
tween halves. Bleacher and rooting sec- 
tion stunts will be shown, as well as the 
complete game from start to finish, with 
Mr. Greer, of Roos Bros., commenting 
on and explaining the plays. 

• • 



Tostal Telegraph 

BE DIFFERENT 

Send a Postal Telegram this Christmas and New Year. 
The Postal Telegraph Company offers you a new low rate 
Holiday Greetings Service to anywhere in the United States 
delivered on Christmas or New Years, on attractive blanks 
and envelopes by uniformed messengers. Your choice of 
many prepared messages for only 25c, or a message of your 
own composition, of 15 words or less, for 35c .. . with the cus- 
tomary address and signature free . . . Additional words in 
excess of the 15 words for only a few cents each . . . City mes- 
sages for only 20c. For further information see 
THOMAS LEONG, Manager 
Chinatown Branch Postal Telegraph Company 



EDUCATIONAL FILMS 
ATTRACT MANY 

The weekly motion picture programs 
at the Chinese Y. M. C. A. are still draw- 
ing the interest and attention of the com- 
munity. The program on December 5 
and 6 was particularly interesting, and 
was very well received. Tuberculosis: its 
symptoms, cure and prevention. This 
was the title and story of the motion 
pictures told in very interesting form, 
furnished by the San Francisco Tuber- 
culosis Association. 

The Y.M.C.A. lobby was a display of 
attractive and colorful posters on tuber- 
culosis prevention. Pamphlets were dis- 
tributed giving suggestions as to preven- 
tion of the dreaded disease and also its 
symptoms and cure. 

The motion pictures were very clearly 
interpreted in Chinese by Dr. Chin Y. 
Low, who also gave a talk on the symp- 
toms, prevention and cure of tubercu- 
losis. He pointed out that tuberculosis 
ranks as the third highest cause of death 
in the United States, and that Chinatown 
has the highest death rate of any section 
in the city. He attributed this to the 
poor living quarters in Chinatown- 

Dr. Low pointed out that the spread 
of the disease would be greatly controlled 
if everyone coughed into a handker- 
chief; if we did away with the old cus- 
tom of drinking tea from cups placed 
in a bowl, and the taking of soup directly 
from a center bowl at dinner. 

A great deal of interest was created by 
the talk, as evidenced by the many ques- 
tions the doctor answered to the satis- 
faction of the audience. 
• • 

Arthur N. Dick, well known among 
the Chinese of San Francisco, has re- 
cently affiliated himself with James W. 
McAllister, Inc. automobile distributors 
of this city. 

A banquet in Dick's honor was tended 
him by members of the McAllister or- 
ganization, held at the Ko Sing Cafe. 

Among the guests present were: 

Kern Loo, Wong Bok Chow, S. Y. 
Chow, B. Y. Yee, and H. Y. Sik. 



What is More Thoughtful 

Than a Photograph 

for Christmas 

Appointments Made by Telephone 

YEE WONG STUDIO 

57 Brenham Place CHina 1221 



, a 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



POO-POO 

By Bob Poon 



Some people wondered why it rained 
on Monday for such a little while. Well, 
the weather man took pity on some out- 
of-towners, who phoned home and said 
it rained in S. F. when it didn't. (I 
wonder who?) 

• • 

Have you noticed the brand new 
wrist watch that "Colday" is wearing? 
Well, it was a birthday present to him, 
the lucky bum. I guess I'll tell my 
friends when my birthday is due, too. 

• • 

Stepping out into high society (so to 
speak) our reporter, Bob, forsook his 
usual haunts and attended the EHSC 
Dance in the Terrace room of the Fair- 
mont Hotel on December 7. Those in 
his party were Misses Alyce J. Eng, 
Marian Lee, and Bill Young. 

• • 



The 

GOLDEN STAR RADIO 
COMPANY 

RCA . PHILCO . WESTONE 

LOWEST REPAIR PRICES 

CONSISTENT WITH 

QUALITY WORK 

TIME PAYMENTS 

846 Clay St. CHina 2322 

San Francisco, California 



MALKASON 

MOTOR COMPANY 

• 

OLDSMOBILE 

Mission Dealer 

See us before you buy 
your new Oldsmobile. 



"It will pay you well." 



2925 MISSION ST., NEAR 25TH 

San Francisco California 

VAlencia 7474 



Chinatown Progressive 
Association Meets 

On Dec. 15, a luncheon meeting will 
be given by members of the Chinatown 
Progressive Association to map out an 
effective campaign to improve condi- 
tions in Chinatown. 

H. W. Key, chairman, in an interview, 
made the following preliminary state- 
ment: "We want better housing condi- 
tions, cleaner streets, and adequate social 
service in Chinatown. This can only be 
achieved through political unity. We 
must make Chinatown vote conscious. 
We must teach the younger generation 
to vote intelligently. Already, the Cathay 
Post and the Native Sons Association 
are making great headway fn this direc- 
tion. What we need now is unity of 
purpose." The public is invited to attend 
the luncheon at Sun Hang Heong. 

• • 

WAKU AUXILIARY PLAN DANCE 
The Waku Auxiliary girls of the East 
Bay are busy planning their annual 
dance for Chinese New Year on the 
evening of January 25. 

It has been reported that they expect 
to make this affair a hi-light of the New 
Year season. 



RECORD ATTENDANCE FOR 
CHINESE FILM 

Grand View Film Company's talking 
and singing picture, "Patriot", was 
shown last Sunday at the Mandarin 
Theatre, before a record-breaking 
crowd, shattering all previous records for 
pictures produced in China. 

"Patriot" is made in the Cantonese 
dialect. This film is all Chinese in its 
production and the cast is all-Chinese. 
Photography work, scenario and screen 
adaptation were also done by Chinese. 

Joseph Sunn, a San Franciscan, was 
in charge of the filming of the picture. 
Chan Shek Hung, a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of California, was the sound ex- 
pert. Paul Fong, also a California grad- 
uate, who recently brought all the latest 
motion picture equipments from Holly- 
wood, was the electrical engineer on 
radio and sound effects. 
• • 

A note of progressiveness may be 
found in the show window of the Golden 
Star Radio Company. 

Catching the spirit of the season, 
Thomas Tong has gayly trimmed his 
window with electrical gift suggestions 
in a Christmas setting. 



Let Us Take Your Order Now for Special 

CHRISTMAS ICE CREAM and 
CHRISTMAS FRUIT CAKE 



FDHG 

FDUIITRin 




FDnG 

BRKtRU 



"Originators of Lichee Ice Cream" 

FONG FONG'S FANCY BOXED COOKIES 

IS THE PERFECT CHRISTMAS GIFT 

FREE DELIVERY 



824 GRANT AVENUE 
San Francisco - 



CHina 1010 
California 



December 13, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



Filming of 'Good Earth" 
to Start Soon 

After spending many weeks up and 
down the Pacific Coast searching for 
Chinese farmer types, Metro-Goldwyn- 
Mayer is about ready to begin the film- 
ing of Pearl Buck's peasant epic, "Good 
Earth". More than a month ago the film 
company dispatched several scouts to 
San Francisco, Sacramento, Portland, 
and Seattle — centers of large Chinese 
population — to find suitable types 
among men and women in these colonies 
to inject the proper atmosphere into the 
picture. The studio demanded Chinese 
who could speak English distinctly and 
correctly. The result of this search was 
not what had been expected, for al- 
though more than three hundred men 
and women in San Francisco, and about 
half that many in the other cities re- 
gistered their willingnpss to let them- 
selves appear on the screen, few were 
found who could meet the requirements. 
The net contingent after the final selec- 
tion was about a dozen who may be suit- 
able, among them several American- 
born Chinese girls and women. 

A fortnight ago those selected were 
sent to Hollywood and given screen tests 
as to their real possibilities. 

Meanwhile about 500 acres of land in 
Los Angeles have been converted into 
rice fields and grains have been planted 
to complete the effects of real rice-fields 
in China. 

The studio is still undecided as to who 
will take the part of Lotus. Who knows 
but that one of our Chinese girls may be 
given the part? 

Technicolor For 
Chinese Talkie 

The first talking picture in the Can- 
tonese dialect now being completed in 
Hollywood by the Kwong Ngai Talking 
Picture Company of San Francisco will 
make use of the technicolor process for 
its scenic highlights, officials of the com- 
pany recently announced. Although 
many Chinese talking picture produc- 
tions have been made in this country by 
Chinese companies now defunct, this is 
the first time technicolor has been intro- 
duced into the filming of an all-Chinese 
picture. 

American experts in the technicolor 
process, which is still a comparitively 
new cinema art even in Hollywood, have 
been employed for this purpose. The 
new local picture company hopes to 
make an elaborate picture in their initial 
production. The picture, with the ten- 
tative title of "Heartaches", is now being 



TEA AND LANTERNS 



POND-YEP WEDDING 

The wedding of Miss Constance 
Jeanne Pond to John Yep was solemn- 
ized at a lovely church wedding. 

The bride was gowned in white duch- 
ess satin with a long train. Orange 
blossoms were arranged to form a heart 
point in front, with yards of tulle to 
complete her veil. 

Miss Emily Lee, the maid of honor, 




wore delicate pink taffeta squared with 
silver thread, and silver slippers to match. 
The bride's mother wore a gold satin 
dress. 

The best man was Stewart W. Pond, 
brother of the bride. 

Fidelis Coterie 

The Fidelis Coterie held its regular 
meeting at a luncheon in the Gray Room 
of the Fairmont Hotel Wednesday, 
Dec. 4. After the meeting, the members 
played ma jong. There are 17 members 
and the organization is composed of 
matrons of the bay region. The president 
of the club is Mrs. Joe Shoong, and the 
hostess for the luncheon was Mrs. Kim- 
ball Ho. 

• • 

Mrs. Eugene Wong of Seattle, (the 
former Irene Chan of this city) is spend- 
ing the holidays with her mother. She 
is here with her little daughter, Shirley 
Jean. 



rapidly completed and is scheduled for 
an early showing, according to latest re- 
ports. 



CHANS CELEBRATE 
SECOND ANNIVERSARY 

On Dec. 3, Mr. and Mrs. Myron Chan 
celebrated their second anniversary at 
home. 

Among those present were: 

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Handley, Dr. and 
Mrs. D. K. Chang, Dr. and Mrs. A. B. 
Chinn, Messrs. and Mesdames Roy 
Middleton, Patrick Sun, James R. Lee, 
Jack Smith, Yee Wong, Dr. Alice Ah 
Tye, Miss Lillian Chew, and Messrs. 
Chen Pak Tang and Wong Gum. 
• • 

DONGS GIVE BUFFET 

On the evening of Dec. 7, Dr. and 
Mrs. Collin Dong gave a buffet, card 
and ma jong party at their home on 
Powell Street. Of particular interest were 
the many colored ma jong sets. 

Among those present were: 

Consul and Mrs. Huang, Dr. and Mrs. 
James Hall, Messrs. and Mesdames Pat- 
rick Sun, Kimball Ho, Francis Moon, 
Leland Kimlau, Charles Chan, Mrs. 
Hong Chinn, Miss Violet Yum, and 
Messrs. Charles Lowe, Ralph Lew, and 
L. David Lee. 

• • 

200 Attend Square 
and Circle Dance 

The tenth annual Hope Chest Dance 
of the Square and Circle Club, held Dec. 
7, was well attended. As an insignia, each 
member wore in her hair a circlet of 
fresh, golden flowers, carrying out the 
club colors of black and gold. 

The winning ticket for the Hope 
Chest was held by C. B. Lock of 911 
Grant Avenue, ticket number 0496, sold 
by Mae Chinn. 

Second prize, a pair of Chinese vases, 
went to Doyen Lowe, Lowe Apts., ticket 
number 1277, sold by Bertha Wong. 

Third prize, a large Chinese salad 
bowl, went to Mrs. Ong of 827 Kearny 
Street, ticket number 3745, sold by Mrs. 
Harry Mew. 

Miss Helen Fong is president of the 
organization. Miss Bertha Wong, service 
chairman, was in charge of the chest, 
and Mrs. Earl Louie, social chairman, 
took charge of arrangements for the 
dance. 

• • 

A daughter was born on Nov. 28 to 
the wife of Ching Loung, 961 Wa*h- 
ington Street, San Francisco, Calif. 



Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



ROMANCE OF SILK 



The Chinese related that once upon a 
time, about 5,000 years ago, in the 
Kingdom of Shu, there lived a maiden, 
whose name was Ts'an Nu. She had 
just reached the marriageable age, when 
one day bandits attacked her home and 
carried off her father. The family 
searched for a whole year for him, in 
vain. 

Finally, in despair, Ts'an Nu's mother 
promised her daughter in marriage to 
anyone who would bring back the father 
alive and well. Whereupon their horse 
suddenly broke out of his stable and 
ran away. A few days later he came 
home, bearing Ts'an Nu's father on his 
back safe and well. Though the horse 
neighed and kicked and stamped inces- 
santly and refused all food, the family 
laughed. "Surely," said the head of the 
house, "no one expects us to marry our 
daughter off to a horse." The horse 
thereupon became more violent than 
ever, and the father, in a rage, shot him 
dead with an arrow, skinned him and 
spread the hide on the ground to dry. 

Shortly after, as Ts'an Nu was passing 
the spot, the skin suddenly jumped up, 
wrapped itself around her, and both 
skin and girl vanished into the air. A 
few days later the skin was found at the 
foot of a mulberry tree, and there on a 
branch was Ts'an Nu, changed into a 
silkworm, nibbling the mulberry leaves 
and spinning herself a silken garment. A 
few nights later her distracted parents 
saw her in a vision riding through the 
clouds on the horse, surrounded by celes- 
tial serving maidens. She spoke to her 
father and mother and told them not to 
grieve, as she was happy in Paradise. 
Ma H'ou Niang 
So runs the Chinese fable of the first 
silkworm. Ever since that day Ts'an Nu 
has been worshipped throughout China 
as the goddess of the silk industry. Her 
image can be found in every town, 
wrapped in a horse's skin, and called 
Ma T'ou Niang — "The Lady with the 
Horse's Head." Worship of this great 
goddess has never ceased, and a special 
sacrifice is still offered on the third day 
r>f the third moon in every house where 
the worm is bred. 

Industry Originated in China 
According to the Chinese legend, the 
art of silk culture was introduced by 
Lei Tsu, consort of the Yellow Emperor, 
who ruled in 2698 B. C. She is also sup- 
posed to have taught the use of the 
loom to her people. 

There is no time in recorded Chinese 
history when the raising of silk worms 



By Dr. Henry H. Hart 

and the weaving of silk has not been 
carried on, and beyond question of a 
doubt the industry originated in China. 
It would be interesting to speculate on 
the years of observation of the life habits 
of the silk worm necessary to develop the 
processes of breeding the worm, and on 
the vast amount of experimenting in 
spinning, winding and dyeing the 
thread, and finally in weaving gorgeous 
fabrics for which the Sons of the Mid- 
dle Kingdom have been famous for un- 
told centuries. 

Derivation of "Silk" 
The word "silk" comes from China. 
The Chinese call it "ssu". The Mongols 
called it "sirkek", and the Western 
world took it over from the Mongols and 
Central Asia in the Greek form "seri- 
con", whence the Latin "serimum" and 
our own word "silk". In fact, the Romans 
called the Chinese "Seres' from the name 
of the fabric. Silk was well known in 
Rome, though for hundreds of years its 
origin and composition were not under- 
stood by them. Virgil tells us in one of 
his poems how the Chinese comb silk 
from the leaves of certain trees and 
weave it. The Roman authors are full of 
references to silk. Its use was forbidden 
by Tiberius because of the vast sums 
spent on it, and many historians claim 
that one of the chief causes of the fall 
of the Roman Empire was the constant 
draining of her wealth into the coffers of 
the Far East in exchange for its precious 
products. 

Invaluable Secret 
For centuries the Chinese jealously 
guarded the valuable secret of the silk 
worm. It was a crime punishable by 
death to take either the worms or their 
eggs out of the Empire. Legend tells us 
that about the year 300 a Chinese prin- 
cess first took them to her husband in 
Khotan, in Central Asia, in the lining of 
her bridal head-dress. 

Justinian, the Emperor of Byzantium, 
offered a reward to whomsoever should 
bring silk worms or their eggs alive to 
his capital. The prize was won by two 
Nestorian monks, who in the year 550. 
brought the eggs safefly to Constanti- 
nople, concealed in their bamboo pil- 
grims' staffs. The industry quickly took 
root in Asia Minor, and thence spread 
over Southern Europe, where it has been 
a source of trade, prosperity, and untold 
wealth for hundreds of years. 

The Chinese were, likewise, the first 
to introduce and use patterns in their 
woven silks. Most of the floral and con- 
ventional patterns in use in China to- 



day, and copied by the West from China, 
have been found in pieces of silk sur- 
viving from the Han period, 2,000 years 
ago. The Chinese have also known and 
used for centuries all the forms of silk 
that we of the West know and use to- 
day — gauze, rep, rib, twill, tapestry, vel- 
vet, and the rest. Satin is the Arabic 
word for a fabric brought by them from 
a city in China called by them Zeitun — 
most likely a city near Hangchow. 

Besides the silk of the worm which 
feeds on the mulberry, and which is bred 
with such care, the Chinese use the 
cocoon of a worm which lives on oak 
leaves, and which is found in large quan- 
tities in Manchuria and Northeastern 
China. The silk is often called Shantung 
or Chefoo silk, from the place of manu- 
facture. It is more often called tussore 
silk, or pongee. The word tussore is a 
corruption of the Chinese "tu ssu" — 
local silk — and "pongee" is the Chinese 
"pen chi", meaning "one's own loom" or 
"home woven". These words are used 
because much of the silk is a wild crop, 
and is often woven at home in small 
quantities. The oak-leaf diet of the 
worms gives pongee its characteristic 
pale brown color. 

Life of the Silk Worm 
The life history of the silk worm is 
fascinating. The adult moth has but a 
brief existence. The female, shortly 
after emerging from the cocoon, lays 
a large number of eggs, and then dies. 
These eggs, which are at first pink, then 
gray, are so light and tiny that 40,000 of 
them weigh only an ounce. Yet the worms 
hatched frrom these tiny eggs supply 
nearly half of the clothes worn by the 
Chinese people, and a large part of 
those worn by women throughout the 
rest of the world. 

The eggs are hatched with great care, 
the paper enfolding them often being 
carried by the women inside their cloth- 
ing to keep them warm. This hatching is 
done as soon as the mulberry trees begin 
to bud. The little worms are spread on 
sheets of paper, and are watched care- 
fully, being kept in just the right tem- 
perature, away from noise .ind bright 
light. The worms shed their skin four 
times before beginning to spin. When 
the time comes to spin the cocoon, the 
worms are put on twigs or bundles of 
straw prepared for this purpose. For five 
or six days the worm is busy building hi» 
egg-shaped cell in which to make the 
change from a worm to a moth. The 
cell is entirely of silk, the fibre of which 
(Continued on Page 14) 



December 13, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



HUNDRED NAMES 



BRIEF BIOGRAPHY SKETCH 
Short, interesting biographical 
sketches or antecdotes about Chi- 
nese currently in the eyes of the 
world will be found regularly 
under the above heading in the 
Chinese Digest 



H. H. KUNC 

Dr. H. H. Kung, popularly known, as 
Chauncey Kung, Minister of Industries, 
hails from Taiku, Shansi, and is a direct 
descendant of Confucius of the 75th gen- 
eration. He is a graduate of both Yale 
University (M. A. 1907) a n d Oberlin 
College (B. A. 1906), from the latter 
institution he received the degree LLD 
(1926). Dr. Kung participated in the 
first revolution in 1911, which overthrew 
the Manchu regime, being in command 
of the volunteers of Shansi. Upon the 
establishment of the Republic, he intro- 
duced many reforms into Shansi under 
the administration of General Yen Shih- 
shan, including the establishment of the 
Oberlin Shansi Memorial Schools at his 
own city and the construction of a sys- 
tem of motor roads in his province. 

Following the Washington Conference 
when Shantung was returned by Japan to 
China, he served as Chief of the Indus- 
trial Department of Shantung Rehabili- 
tation Commission. Upon the conclu- 
sion of this important commission, he 
was appointed Resident Director of the 
Sino-Russian Negotiations. When Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen set up his military govern- 
ment in Canton, Dr. Kung became 
Finance Commissioner of the Provincial 
Government of Kwangtung, holding con- 
currently the office of the Minister of 
Finance as well as the Minister of In- 
dustry of the Nationalist Government. 
He was also a member of the Political 
Council of Kwangtung. 

In 1927, when the Nationalist Govern- 
ment was formally inaugurated in Nan- 
king, he was made the first Minister of 
Industry, Commerce and Labor, which 
office he held up to December, 1930, 
when the Ministries of Industry, Com- 
merce and Labor and of Agriculture and 
Mining were amalgamated into the Min- 
istry of Industries and he was appointed 
Minister of the same. He is also hold- 
ing a number of concurrent offices, in- 
cluding membership of the political 
council of the Kuomintang, the Recon- 
struction Commission, the Financial Sup- 



$5,000 Cake 

There is a $5,000 cake on display at 
the Hong Kong Cafe in Oakland. That 
is the price someone is offering for this 
gigantic cake, made by George Wong, 
on display at 1125 Franklin Street, 
Oakland. 

Wong, born in Honolulu, has worked 
on a U. S. transport for five or six 
years. He is the first person to make 
lighted display cakes. 

The material used for this cake con- 
sists only of egg white and powdered 
sugar. The height of the cake is 62 
inches, the length 4 feet, depth 35 
inches, and weight, 450 pounds. Wong 
used 103 5 eggs, 400 pounds of powdered 
sugar, and 125 lights of 1\ watts each. 



Just a bird's-eye view of the cake 
would show: Five floors with balconies 
on each floor, 42 balcony flower pots, 90 
yards lace trimming, 13 tables, 17 chairs, 
6 lounges, 94 columns supporting build- 
ings, 9 doors, 2 lions at main entrance, 
a garden, a fish pond, 10 fire escapes, 1 
elevator in each wing of building, 168 
windows, 9 offices, every one equipped 
with pictures, stationery, and coat hang- 
ers; 13 telephones, 4 radios, 3 council 
rooms, 12 rooms in each building, and 8 
women and 3 1 men in the building, be- 
sides other small sundries. Six months' 
labor were spent in the making of this 
cake ! 

Don't you think it's worth $5,000? 




Mr. Lew, owner of Hong Kong Restaurant, Oakland, shown with his chef, 
George Wong, and man-sized cake made by latter. The cake is valued at $5000. 



ervisory Board, the Diplomatic Commis- 
sion of the Overseas Affairs Commission. 
Dr. Kung is related to Dr. Sun Yat- 
sen by marriage, having married into the 
same family, Madame Kung and Mad- 
ame Sun being sisters. He is also related 
to General Chiang Kai-shek, Madame 
Chang being the younger sister of Mad- 
ame Kung. Dr. and Madame Kung are 
the parents of four children, two boys 
and two girls. 



You Are Cordially Invited 
to Visit the 

India-China Trading Co. 

"Gifts from India and 
Old Cathay" 

G. R. CHANNON, Manager 
& 
& 445 Grant Avenue 

§ San Francisco, California 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

Telephone CHina 2400 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, $2.00; Per copy, 5c 
Foreign, $2.75 per year 
Not responsible for contributions 
unaccompanied by return postage 

STAFF 

CHING WAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY _ Associate Editor 

FRED GEORGE WOO Sports 

CLARA CHAN _ Fashions 

ETH EL LUM Community Welfare 

ROBERT G. POON Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising 



DEATH STALKS AT THIS INTERSECTION! 

Hardly a week passes without some accident or nar- 
row escape. We had another one last week. 

A little girl blithely walking to her Chinese school, 
started to cross Stockton and Washington Streets. 
A car started across the intersection. Too late she 
saw the car. Too late, the driver saw the little girl. 
She was taken to the Harbor Emergency Hospital. 
Although the injury was not serious, many accidents 
have occurred at that corner — it warrants the careful 
consideration of the traffic department in establishing 
a stop signal there, or at least a stop arterial sign. 

At that intersection is the main artery for little 
boys and girls from four institutions, Commodore 
Stockton Grammar School, Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and the Hip Wo Chinese School. 

San Francisco, little Chinese boys and girls to 
the number of 2,000 pass that intersection daily, to 
and from school. There is not one stop signal in China- 
town. That is a good place to start the first one. 

And let it be established immediately! The rainy 
season will soon be here, and that will double the 
hazard! 

Tubercular Death-Rate 

At the annual caucus of the New York Academy 
of Medicine a fortnight ago Dr. Arnold Rice Rich of 
Johns Hopkins reported that tuberculosis has dropped 
from first to seventh place as a cause of death in the 
United States, a fact attributed chiefly to public health 
education, preventive measures, improved hygiene in 
the homes, and sanatoriums for victims of the disease. 

Said Dr. Rich further: "Nevertheless, tuberculosis 
is still far and away the most common cause of death in 
that valuable age period between 15 and 40. The dis- 
ease that still kills more than thrice as many individuals 
as any other single cause of death during the most 
productive period of the life span can hardly be jubil- 
antly regarded as being nearly conquered." 

Dr. Rich also declared that during the span of 
40 years in which ordinary men and women produce 
children, tuberculosis kills more women than men, and 
concludes the sex has positive effects on tuberculosis 
germs. 

Death from pulmonary and other forms of tuber- 
culosis has always claimed the largest mortality rate 
among the Chinese in San Francisco. Out of 195 
deaths officially recorded among the Chinese here 49 
died from this disease, which claimed the largest cause 



MODERN PERSECUTION 

San Francisco has just passed a set of city laundry 
ordinances severely limiting the operation of the 
smaller laundries. The regulations demanded closing 
of all laundries after 7, required health inspection of 
even the delivery men, and provided for closing of all 
shops on Sundays and holidays. 

These measures were undoubtedly instigated by 
the big laundry corporations against the smaller laun- 
dries in general, but the Chinese were hit the hardest. 
If these regulations are enforced it will spell the doom 
of half the existing small laundries. The Chinese were 
the first to operate laundries in Western America. The 
"big operators" are late comers who now want all the 
territory into which they have muscled. 
Pace of Modern Machinery 

Admittedly there is a beneficial aspect to the regu- 
lations. The smaller laundries are notorious for the 
long, weary hours they impose on their workers, owners 
and employees alike. Fifteen hours over a tub or an 
iron at $45 a month is no boon, but that is the pace set 
by modern machinery on the poor manual laborers. It 
is a question of sweating or starving. The ordinances 
give leisure to one worker for every one it throws into 
discard. 

Save Our Laundries! 

It remains now for the Chinese operators to "go 
modern". Either by consolidation or engulfment large 
laundries might be evolved to tilt with the "big fellers'". 
The writing on the wall is that all small operators, be 
they bakers or candle makers, are giving way to "big 
business". Sons of rich laundry owners should turn 
from prospective doctors and dentists to laundry chem- 
ists, laundry engineers, or laundry executives, to save 
a valuable industry. Central plants should be estab- 
lished and the existing small shops turned into ollect- 
ing stations. The joker in the pack is that the "big 
fellers" have already taken steps to prohibit the sale of 
laundry machineries to the Chinese. Against this dis- 
criminatory practice the Chung Wah Association should 
assist and fight to the highest court in the land — the 
Court of Public Opinion. Fair-minded San Francisco 
does not tolerate legalized robbery in this city. — C.W.L. 
• • 

of death, seconded only by deaths from heart disease, 
which totaled 32 in 1934. Between 1930 and 1934 the 
total number of Chinese who died in this city was 1 198. 
Of this number 245 died from tuberculosis during that 
same period, a heavy percentage. Deaths from heart 
disease, which takes the heaviest toll among the entire 
population of San Francisco, killed only 163 Chinese 
from 1930 to 1934. 

It can be seen that whereas throughout the country 
the control of death from tuberculosis has greatly de- 
creased during the past decade and a half, as Dr. Rich 
has pointed out, this disease still claims the heaviest 
death-rate among Chinese here. The appalling death- 
rate from tuberculosis should be incentive to social and 
health welfare groups to sponsor an active and con- 
tinuous program of health education, preventive treat- 
ments, and other activities to decrease the mortality 
rate of the Chinese from this disease. 



December 13. 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 9 



THE HUMAN *>ne op THE NEWS 



— WILLIAM HOY 



THE PREACHER AND THE 
BOOTBLACKS 

Not very long ago a Chinese preacher 
of the Gospels, a staunch Methodist, 
and a resident of the world's fifth larg- 
• est city — Shanghai, had occasion to so- 
journ for a short time in the world's 
second largest city — New York. Like 
many another visitor from the Orient 
who has heard and read but not seen 
the marvelous and awesome achievements 
of Western civilization, this Chinese fol- 
lower of the man of Galilee admired and 
was fascinated by New York's skyscra- 
pers, its subway system, its aerial towers, 
its great shipping port, and its greater 
commercial and industrial enterprises. 
"Insignificant Activity" 
He also saw something else which 
many visitors who have come thousands 
of miles to this city, likewise see but sel- 
dom remember. For against the back- 
ground of mighty capitalism at work, 
this little activity noted by the preacher 
was so insignificant and trivial that it was 
almost laughable. What the Rev. Frank 
Yen saw was the extensive bootblack 
business which seemed so prosperous, be- 
cause the people in this city were always 
in too much of a hurry to brush their 
own shoes. 

The Rev. Yeh noted the efficiency and 
the commercial shrewdness of this boot- 
black business — their convenient loca- 
tions in the city's streets, most of them 
in little niches in the corner of a build- 
ing, some large enough to accomodate 
a dozen customers at a time.; their neat- 
ness and, above all, the courtesy of the 
menial bootblacks — -negroes, Italians, 
Greeks, and others, mostly of the immi- 
grant class. 

All this the minister from Shanghai 
jotted down in his memory, for his in- 
terest had been stirred by this shoe-pol- 
ishing business. He was thinking of his 
home-city, Shanghai, of the thousands 
of his people there who had no work to 
occupy their idle hands, and, particu- 
larly, of many hundreds of young boys, 
orphans, half-orphans, sole bread-win- 
ners of large families, who could not 
find manual tasks for their unskilled 
hands. And while thinking of this, in 
the mind of the Rev. Frank Yeh a plan 
was suddenly evolved. 

School for Bootblacks 
Last month, in the compound of the 
Moore Memorial Church in Shanghai, 
was held the first graduation exercises 
of the Chinese Christian School for 
Bootblacks, a school founded to help 
the unemployment situation in that great 
city. The graduates of this school had 



WHEN RUDYARD KIPLING 
SAW CHINATOWN 

On December 30, the seventieth birth- 
day of a living story-teller and poet, who 
is one of the great masters of nineteenth 
century English literature, will be re- 
membered by the whole world. Rudyard 
Kipling! Kipling, the Indian journalist 
who raised journalism into the ranks of 
literature; Kipling, the story-teller who 
sang praises of courage, discipline, loy- 
alty; who enshrined the virtues of brave 
men and of strong women, and Kipling, 
the poet who shouts the glory of Brittania 
and of martial valor. 

Little known, even by those who are 
familiar with Kipling, is the fact that, 
just a year or two before he burst upon 
English literature with his first book 
of stories, "Plain Tales From the Hills," 
he made a trip around the world (or as 
much around the world as transportation 
facilities would permit in those days) 
between the years 1887-1889, in the 
course of which he visited San Francisco. 
Chinatown When Kipling Saw It 

Young Kipling spent a week in this 
city, exploring the Barbary Coast, not- 
ing the city's social life, and recording 
his impressions for the benefit of the 
readers of the Allahabad "Pioneer." 
And one night he visited Chinatown — 
the Chinatown of San Francisco in 1888. 
a few crooked streets and alleys inhabit- 
ed by a citizenry who had felt the cruelty 
of persecution and had to hide them- 
selves in underground holes from sheer 
terror of their persecutors. 

Like Richard Halliburton, who seems 
to encounter the unusual and the ad- 
venturous wherever he goes. Kipling had 
his most exciting and nerve-wracking ex- 
perience in the midst of Chinatown. He 
wrote: ". . . . the Chinese quarter, . . . 
which is a ward of Canton set down in 
the most eligible business-quarter of the 
place. The Chinaman with his usual 

received full instructions on the art of 
shoe-shining and also training on the 
psychology of securing customers. To 
each graduate was given a stool, a foot- 
rest, a can of shoe polish, brushes, and 
several strips of cloth. 

Then they were sent out to the city 
streets to apply their training and to 
earn their livelihood in this brand new 
trade. And among those who witnessed 
this unique graduation of a unique 
school, there was no one who gave these 
bootblacks a more hearty send-off than 
the Rev. Frank Yeh, who originated the 
idea upon his return from America. 



skill has possessed himself of good fire- 
proof buildings .... I struck a house 
about four stories high .... and be- 
gan to burrow down; having heard that 
these tenements were constructed on the 
lines of icebergs — two-thirds below sight 
level. Downstairs I crawled past China- 
men in bunks, opium smokers .... 
till I reached the second cellar. 

Great is the wisdom of the Chinaman. 
In time of trouble that house could be 
razed to the ground by a mob, and yet 
hide all its inhabitants in brick-walled, 
wooden-beamed subterranean galleries, 
strengthened with iron-framed doors 
and gates. On the second underground 
floor a man .... took me downstairs to 
yet another cellar, where the air was as 
thick as butter .... 

In this place a poker club had assem- 
bled and was in full swing. Most of the 
men round the table were in semi-Euro- 
pean dress, their pig-tails curled under 
billy-cock hats. One of the company 
looked like a Mexican. They were a pic- 
turesque set .... and polite. We were 
all deep down under the earth .... and 
there was no sound The heat was almost 
unendurable. There was some dispute 
beteen the Mexican and the man on his 
left. The latter shifted his place to put 
the table between himself and his oppon- 
ent, and stretched a yellow hand towards 
the Mexican's winnings 

Excitement and Adventure 
"Mark how purely man is a creature 
of instinct. Rarely introduced to the pis- 
tol, I saw the Mexican half rise in his 
chair and at the same instant found my- 
self full length on the floor. None had 
told me this was the best attitude when 
bullets are abroad. I was there prone 
before I had time to think — dropping as 
the room was filled with an intolerable 
clamour, like the discharge of a cannon. 
There was no second shot, but a great 
silence in which I rose slowly to my 
knees. The Chinaman was gripping the 
table with both hands and staring .... 
The Mexican had gone, and a little 
whirl of smoke was floating near the 
roof. Still gripping the table, the China- 
man said: "Ah!" .... Then he coughed 
and fell .... and I saw that he had been 
shot in the stomach. 

". . . . the room was empty; .... in- 
tense fear swept over my soul. The man 
on the floor coughed a second time. I 
heard it as I fled. I found the doorway 
as, my legs trembling under me. I reached 
the protection of the clear cool night, the 
fog, and the rain." 

Chinatown on His Seventieth Birthday 
(Continued on Page 14) 



,-v 



Page 10 



CHINESE DICEST 



December 13, 1935 



COM MUNITY WELFARE 



ETHEL LUM 



Social Service 

Opportunities for higher education 
will be provided a number of needy Chi- 
nese girls by means of a fund maintained 
by the Square and Circle Club through 
its annual hope chest raffle. According 
to an announcement made by Miss 
Bertha Wong, chairman of the tenth an- 
nual raffle, which concluded December 7, 
the results were very satisfactory. 

An offspring of the Chinese Congre- 
gational Church Girls' Club, the Square 
and Circle Club has existed since June, 
1924. Enjoying a slow but steady growth, 
the organization now has 35 active 
members, besides six "cooperative" mem- 
bers, including married women, busi- 
ness and professional, high school and 
college girls. The club seeks to promote 
all-around knowledge and square dealing 
among its members, as symbolized in its 
name. 

Organized with the express purpose of 
rendering service to the Chinese com- 
munity, this group of young women now 
undertake a social program which in- 
cludes two projects a year. This spring 
project, a theatrical performance, affords 
the members an opportunity to give ex- 
pression to whatever artistic or histrionic 
talent they possess. The proceeds of this 
enterprise, carried on for eight years, 
build up a perpetual fund maintained 
solely for the purpose of supporting two 
orphans at the Chung Mei Home in El 
Cerrito, orphans who have no available 
means of support, either through friends, 
relatives, or public funds. 

The hope chest raffle constitutes the 
fall project. When first started, the 
members met each Friday evening at a 
sewing bee to make the lovely contents 
of the chest. Now, although a majority 
of the members are employed full time, 
many of the things are still made by 
them. A revolving loan fund, established 
through this means, has made it possible 
for many girls to continue their educa- 
tion. This Friendship Fund, as it is 
called, is administered through a board 
consisting of three club members and 
two women from the community. The de- 
mands upon this fund have fortunately 
been successfully met all these years. 

In addition to these two projects, other 
philanthropic work is performed by 
these ambitious young women: visits to 
Chinese children in tuberculosis hos- 
pitals, visits to old Chinese in the Laguna 
Honda Home, bringing to them toys, 
food and other gifts, and participation 
in all major solicitation campaigns. 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S BREAKFAST 

GROUP MEET EVERY SUNDAY 

The Young People's Interdenomina- 
tional Breakfast Group announces lec- 
tures to be given by Misses Alice Lan 
and Betty Hu, Bethel evangelists, Dec. 
15 and 22. They have traveled exten- 
sively in all parts of China and are here 
in America for a year. 

The Breakfast Group meets every 
Sunday morning at the Chinese Y. W. 
C. A. at nine o'clock. All young people 
are cordially invited to attend. 



VErffT r\ 




The Grayline has introduced 
more than 10,000 tourists to China- 
town this year. In cooperation with 
the Chinese Trade and Travel 
Association these tourists are 
always directed to the best cafes 
and representative bazaars. 



THf 
JjRAYLINE^ 



Parlor Cars for picnics and Conventions 
Limousines for all occasions 

THE GRAYLINE, INC. 

Chingwah Lee, Director 

Chinatown Tour 

781 Market St. DOuglas 0477 

San Francisco, California 



Much joy and good cheer do they shed 
wherever they go. 

The community has come to recognize 
the valuable service which this group is 
rendering. Although not a social agency, 
this club has nevertheless been indis- 
pensable in ministering to the social 
needs of Chinatown. "In order to avoid 
any duplication of service," stated Miss 
Alice Fong, one of the seven founders 
of the club, "we seek to coordinate our 
efforts with those of other groups or 
agencies. Our program of community 
service is a flexible one, adaptable to the 
exigencies of the times." 



GROUP WORK IN THE 
CHINESE Y. W. C. A. 

"Recognition of the Y.W.C.A. as a 
group work movement is gradually sup- 
planting the conception that it is mere- 
ly a character building agency. The 
complete and perfect development of the 
individual can best be insured through 
individual expression in socially desir- 
able group activities." 

Thus did Mrs. Bernice Foley, group 
worker of the Chinese Y.W.C.A., in- 
form the Chinese social service staff of 
the State Relief Administration when 
she spoke before them at their weekly 
staff meeting, December 9. 

Mrs. Foley went on to describe the vari- 
ous group activities carried on under the 
roof of the Chinese Y.W.C.A. The Girl 
Reserves Department serves the junior 
and high school girls from 12 to 18. It 
embraces one junior club (called the 
Junior High Club) and three senior 
clubs (the Busy Bees, Wan Yut, and 
Jolly Musketeers). The Business and In- 
dustrial Department supervises the work- 
ing girls ("965 Club"), ages 18 to 23. 
Activities for girls under 12 are provided 
through afternoon programs of games, 
crafts, singing (2:30 to 5:30 Monday to 
Friday), and Saturday recreation and 
crafts (12:30 to 2:30 p. m.). These lat- 
ter activities, together with a posture 
clinic for children, are conducted as part 
of the health education program. 

While the association is interested in 
all age groups, it makes a special effort 
to reach those in the age range of 1 2 to 
3 5. Mrs. Foley expressed the 'hope of 
building up a strong business girls' 
group: a larger younger girls' group, 
especially of early adolescent age; and a 
young wives' group. 

The "second - generation" Chinese 
girl, brought up and educated in Amer- 
ica, having lost most of the ancient cul- 
ture of their forefathers, and not v<i 
acquiring a firm hold of American cul- 
ture, presents to the social worker a puz- 
zling problem of adjustment. "We recog- 
nize the dangers in such a transitional 
period," admitted Mrs. Foley, "and our 
task is to assist these girls to interpret the 
difference which exists between the old 
and modern cultures, in order that thcv 
may satisfactorily orient themselves to 
this perplexing and conflicting situa- 
tion." 

• • 

A daughter was born on Nov. 18 to 
the wife of Lim Lee, 8 Spofford Street. 
San Francisco. Calif. 



December 13. 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



FASHIONS 



CLARA CHAN 



GIFT SUGGESTIONS FOR HIM 



With the help of the boys on the staff, 
and suggestions offered by buyers of the 
various men's shops, I have compiled a 
list of gifts which may aid you in your 
most difficult problem. However, it is 
necessary that you go down town and 
see for yourself the variety of gadgets 
available for men, and you will be sur- 
prised that men, too, are style conscious, 
and fads enthusiasts. 

The following suggestions are all prac- 
tical, useful, and ap*propriate gifts which 
you may give to the boy friend: 

Pipes can never be too many; any man 
who enjoys smoking one will tell you 
that he really has quite a collection. Pipes 
of imported briar is a good choice, but if 
you don't know which make to ask for, 
the famous Kaywoodies pipes of super 
grain quality will insure a good buy. 
Here are a few points which the Kay- 
woodie pipes stand for: it must be sound, 
solid and clear; it must smoke cooler 
than other pipes; it must be dry, and 
"drinkless"; so, don't you pick a pipe 
merely because it appears good looking 
to you. Ask the salesman about those 
points. 

And girls, remembering the fact that 
you are going to attend several formal 
functions this month, and if the dear 
boy is to break loose and buy a new 
tuxedo (maybe his first tux?) for this 
New Year's eve, how about helping him 
with the problem of links and studs? A 
smartly styled dress set, of links, studs, 
and vest buttons in smoked pearl, is 
really good looking. They also come in 
white pearl or onyx. 

Ties, like handkerchiefs, have more or 
less seemed like last minute gifts, but 
they are really swell gifts when well 
chosen. The younger lads like them a 
little brighter; the older boys are more 
conservative, they like solid colored ties 
or ties with small figures or with narrow 
stripes. A rich red or medium blue 
seem to b.' the most popular. (Thanks 
to the boys again.) Don't think for a 




minute that you can pick up a tie at a 
bargain sale like you do a dress, because 
a cheap tie is a "flop". I mean that, be- 
cause a good tie will always stand up and 
will hold its shape. Pure silk ties with 
the richness of English silk, hand sewn, 
lined, and wrinkle-proof, are qualities 
to look for in selecting this gift. 

If the boy friend is a collegiate chap, 
look around for a desk set for him. A 
desk pad, calendar, ink well, paper 
weight, letter opener, and even a lamp, 
completes the set illustrated. Desk pens 
for the young business men as well as 
for students are thoughtful gifts. These 
come in several makes and finish. Hand- 
some bases of metal, enamel finished, 
wood, or glass inlaid with laminated 
pearl to match the pen are available in 
many local shops. 




A gift sure to be welcomed by dad, 
brother, uncle or the boy friend, is 
gloves. The single button capeskin, cor- 
rect for informal wear, comes in tan and 
the predominating browns. Pigskin 
gloves are ideal for the sportsman, and 
especially for the person who drives a 
good deal. Sturdy, hand sewn, tailored, 
these pigskin gloves may be found lined 
with fur. Slate mocha gloves are also 
popular. They are softer and richer, 
and for more formal wear. 

Some of the fellows are planning a 
trip to Los Angeles for the Rose Bowl 
game, and a traveling bag or military 
brush and comb set would be a welcome 
gift this Christmas. The so-called week- 
end type of bag has a convenient zipper 
fastener. The bag is roomy and light: 



ideal for these fly-by-night trips. 

Along the line of leather gifts, there 
are wallets, and cigarette cases made of 
pigskin, and of alligator, which is very 
very handsome. One of the local shops 
is featuring wallets made from buffed 
pigskin, something new. 




Now if your husband "a-fishing" goes 
(poker game, to you), and that means 
he leaves you home alone too, too often, 
doesn't it? Then why not be a good 
sport and surprise him with a poker set? 
You can't break his habit for these 
"friendly games,'" anyway, and it will 
serve as a drawing card for him to have 
these weekly sessions at home. There is 
a nice set containing 300 unbreakable 
full size poker chips. Complete with two 
decks of regulation poker cards (this 
set fits nicely into a mahogany box). An 
even nicer set has monogrammed poker 
chips (no cheating in this gentlemen's 
(?) game). 

Our boys are dressing up quite a bit 
these days, aren't they? We are glad of 
it too, so let's encourage the lad by giv- 
ing him a good looking scarf. White 
monogrammed tuxedo scarfs are all 
right, but the every-day scarf of pure silk 
in dark shades, or those imported wool 
mufflers would be more welcome. 

A word for dad. Make your gift more 
impressive; in fact, fool him with your 
choice this year. Instead of giving him 
the expected gift of hose or tie, or hand- 
kerchief, how about a smoking jacket? 
No matter if he doesn't smoke, a well- 
(Continued on Page 14) 




Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



THE STORY OF CERAMIC ART 



(III) How to Judge the Body Material 
of Ceramic Wares 

It is by the examination of the body 
material or "biscuit" of ceramics — 
whether pottery or porcelain — that one 
may have an idea of the nature of the 
ware on hand, sometimes even to the 
celling of the period, the type, and even 
the site of the kiln or factory. 

Very few tools are needed by either 
beginner or expert in the study of por- 
celain other than a pair of discriminat- 
ing eyes, sensitive finger tips, and a mag- 
nifying glass. From time to time I have 
made good use of the following devices 
(but they are by no means indispens- 
able) : 

1. A soft scrub brush and a basin of 
such cleaning fluid as gasoline, ammonia, 
or soap and water. Frequently, a speci- 
men is covered with a layer of grime, 
lacquer, or soot and glue. This is often 
done by ignorant dealers who believe 
they can "age" a piece with a paint 
brush. 

2. A "probing mirror," made by fas- 
tening a small mirror, at an angle, to the 
end of a long stick. This is for studying 
the inside surface and lutings of large 
bottles, jars, and vases, and should be 
used in conjunction with: 

3. A small light and cord attachment, 
for lighting the inside of vessels under 
examination. A stronger light is useful 
for studying the translucency of porce- 
lain and for detecting flaw and poor tex- 
ture. 

4. A tray of surds, that is, broken bits 
of porcelain bearing samples of various 
glazes, enamels, and underglaze pig- 
ments. This is especially useful for com- 
paring shades of colors and degree of 
lustre. In this tray I have included to 
advantage a set of "matching teeth" as 
used by dentists. 

5. A wooden skewer, and a nail file 
are useful for testing hardness, as are 
carpenter's level, square, and calipers, 
useful for testing the trueness of pot- 
ting, thickness of body wall, and even- 
ness of the base. 

Unglazed Areas 
Most ceramics are covered with a thick 
glaze which conceals the nature of the 
body. But always, there are areas which 
are unglazed, and it is on these small un- 
glazed spots or rings that we must make 
our examination: the bottom or foot rim 
of vases, the top or mouth of certain 



Sung bowls, the inner surface of many 
jars, the base of most statues, and the 
faces, hands, and feet of most figurines 
which are left unglazed intentionally in 
order to receive gilding, lacquering, or 
a coating of pigment. Nicked or chipped 
edges of old pieces offer valuable 
exposures. 

Finally, as in the case of spoons and 
table objects, where the entire surface is 
apparently glazed, careful examination 
on the bottom will reveal a set of "spur 
marks" or points on which the spoons or 
other objects rest during the firing. In 
the firing process, scores of spoons are 
held in place on a long pottery rack. 
These spoons do not touch the rack di- 
rectly, but rest on "spurs" or bits of pot- 
tery clay, which are chipped off after 
the firing is completed. Frequently, bits 
of this pottery clay still adhere to the 
spoons, and hence the spur marks are 
really foreign substance and must not be 
confused with the body material itself. 
Beginners will bear in mind some such 
factors as the following in his examina- 
tion: 

Texture and Body Material 

1 . Texture is best determined by run- 
ning the tips of the fingers repeatedly 
over the biscuit. A smooth, even, vellum- 
like surface indicates a fine texture, and 
hnece a highly refined paste. 

2. A coarse, grainy texture should be 
examined with a magnifying glass to de- 
termine if the substance is homogeneous- 
ly composed. A homogeneous body ma- 
terial, which is, nevertheless, coarse or 
"spongy", indicates a porous condition. 

3. A heterogeneous body material 
would indicate the incorporation of sand 
or impurities in the body material, or it 
is the result of indifferent refining 
processes. 

4. The weight of the ware often gives 
clues to the body material. For example, 
hua shih porcelain is noted for its light- 
ness. A stoneware bottle is often heavier 
than a porcelain bottle. 

5. Hardness may best be determined 
by scratching: some Han wares and 
T'ang terra cottas may be scratched with 
a wooden skewer; pottery may be 
scratched with a knife, but not one's fin- 
ger nails; porcelain may be scratched by 
diamond, but not by steel. 

6. Vitrification, the ultimate in hard- 
ness, is determined by translucency, but 
also by its reflective quality and by its 
musical resonance. 



Chinese Discoveries 
and Inventions 

(II) A Chinese Invented the 
Seismograph 

During the Han dynasty or about two I 
thousand years ago, an unknown Chi- I. 
nese mechanic invented a machine or 
seismograph for recording the direction 
and intensity of earthquake ! This ingen- 
uous mechanism was called ti tsun ki. 
The principle behind the seismograph is 
identically the same as that in use today. 

The Chinese machine consisted of a 
weight suspended over a vertically placed 
rigid bamboo pole the bottom of which 
is attached to the earth in such a way 
that when the earth moves the bamboo 
moves with it. The weight above is kept 
in place by inertia. 

The bottom of the weight, which is 
slightly concave, is faced with a writing 
surface. The top end of the bamboo is 
tipped with a piece of chalk which just 
presses against the writing surface. Thus 
when the earth moves, the direction and 
length of the movements are faithfully 
recorded on the writing surface. 

This Chinese inventor made use of 
the Law of Inertia, which however, was 
not formulated till sixteen hundred years 
later by Sir Issac Newton. As there was 
no immediate practical value to such a 
machine the conclusion may be drawn 
that the Han dynasty Chinese took an 
interest in geology, or at least in seismo- 
logy. The modern seismograph, pro- 
bably independently invented, is very 
complicated, but functions along the 
same principles. 

(Next Week: The Chinese Were the 
First to Utilize Natural Gas.) 

7. The color of the body material is 
highly indicative of the type of ware on 
hand. Manv of the porcellaneous stone- 
ware have a grayish or a buff rather than 
a pure white color, characteristic of the 
finer porcelain. 

8. The surface of the body material 
may often acquire a totally different 
color as the result of the exposure of the 
ware to the heat of the kiln. Thus, most 
Sung porcelain display a brick red sur- 
face, perhaps because of the presence of 
iron in the paste. A nicked portion of 
this same ware may indicate a gray or 
white body material. 

9. The mouth and foot rims of later 
wares are often artificially colored with 
some ferrous compound before firing to 
give the edges a brownish effect. This is 

(Continued on Page 14) 



December 13. 1935 



CHI NESE DICEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



— Fred George Woo . 




Basketball 
Tournament Starts 

Two thrilling tussles will inaugurate 
the first annual Wah Ying Bay Re- 
gion Chinese Basketball Championship 
Tournament at French Court this Sun- 
day afternoon at 1 P. M. A capacity 
crowd is expected to be on hand to wit- 
ness the Nulite A. C. battle the strong 
Troop Three Senior five in the opening 
game and the Shangtai vs. Scout Juniors 
contest in the second. 

The Nulites, conceded a good chance 
to upset the championship hopes of the 
Scout Seniors, will enter the court de- 
termined to win. With their outstanding 
players, Louie, Gee, Jue, and Wong 
carrying the brunt of the attack, the Nu- 
lite team hope to be on the long end of 
the final score. 

Theoretically, the Scouts cannot lose, 
as they have such sterling cagers as 
Frank Wong, Earl Wong, Henry Kan, 
Herbert Tom, Silas Chinn, and several 
others in their line-up in the best of 
shape. It is expected that Coach Don Lee 
will"shoot the works" rather than take 
a chance on being an upset victim. This 
tilt promises to be very interesting. 

Coach Joe Chew's Shangtai team, an- 
other big title-contender, is a heavy fa- 
vorite to down the Scout Juniors in the 
main event. However, games are won 
only after the final whistle has been 
blown, and it would not be a big surprise 
to find the underdogs victorious. The 
Juniors will depend on Peter Chong, 
Ted Moy, Charles Low, and Al Young to 
out-play Shangtai's heavy guns, Charlie 
Hing, Fred Gok, Fred Wong, Gerald 
Leong, Lee Po, and George Lee. 



Chinese Girl Scouts, Troop 14, in 
their first appearance of the season, de- 
feated the Chung Wah School girls in a 
basketball game, 17-10, last Saturday 
night at the Chinese Presbyterian Church 
court. The Girl Scouts won this first 
g-me without any preliminary practice. 
So our other girls teams had better look 
afrer their laurels. 



Nulite Wins 

The Nulite A. C, in its first appear- 
ance of the season, handed the Paliclique 
Club a 28-21 beating last Friday at the 
Palo Alto High School gym. 

Mainstays for the victors were Jue 
Yuen with ten points and Howard Ho 
with eight. Herbert Louie and Gee Wah 
played a strong defensive game. 

For the Palo Alto Chinese team, John 
Chuck was high-point man with five 
digits. Won Loy Chan starred on defe- 
sive. 

A return game between the two clubs 
has been arranged for Dec. 27 at the 
Francisco gym, San Francisco, at 
8:15 P .M. 

• • 

PROMISING BOXER 

One of the participants in. last week's 
fourth annual Golden Gloves Boxing 
Tournament, held at the Dreamland 
Auditorium was a Chinese lad. He is 
Sammy Fooey, a flyweight, who hails 
from Red Bluff, California. 

In his first bout, Sammy kayoed a 
Fresno boxer with a two-fisted attack in 
the second round, to reach the quarter- 
finals. However, in the latter bout, he 
met a much more experienced fighter 
from the C.Y.O. and was beaten. 

Sammy looks like a good future pros- 
pect. If he continues to improve, and 
can stand the pace, he should go a long 
way in the boxing game. 

• • 

The fans observed at last Sunday's 
games that Arthur Yim and Thomas 
Tong handled their refereeing and um- 
piring jobs quite capably. So did Henry 
Chinn, who refereed the first contest. 

Quite a large number of the fair sex 
attended the games. If last Sunday's 
crowd is a fair example, we expect ban- 
ner attendances at later games. 

• • 

The Chung Mei Home 100-pound 
football team ended their season's sched- 
ule with a blaze of glory, when they ad- 
ministered a 31-6 defeat to the Berkeley 
Rotarians. to remain unbeaten and un- 
tied. Chung Mei scored by inter- 
cepted passes and capitalizing on lucky 
breaks. 

However, possibly the main reason 
why the boys piled up such a convincing 
score may have been that the girls of 
Ming Quong Home, who were in the 
rooting stands, inspired the boys to 
greater heights. 



Nanwah Wins 



Before a capacity crowd of several 
hundred spectators, the Nanwah A.C. 
handed the Chi-Fornians a sound trounc- 
ing by the final score of 28 — 9, at the 
French Court last Sunday evening. 

Lack of team work and failure of the 
"dead eyes" to find the loop were respon- 
sible for the Chi-Fornians' disastrous 
showing. Their big guns, Look, Tom, H. 
Whoe, and V. Wong, were completely 
silenced. 

Fred Wong and George Lee, with 10 
and 8 points, respectively, were the main- 
stays for the winning team. Fred Gok 
also turned in an impressive all-around 
game. 

In the preliminary, Nanwah also won 
— its 130 pounders defeating the Sale- 
sians 145s 38-31 in a thriller. It was 
a see-saw affair, with the lead changing 
hands several times during the contest. 

Bill Quon and Ja Wong starred for 
the winners. 

• • 

Chinese Sportsmen's News 

At the close of the current hunting 
season the Chinese Sportsmen's Club re- 
ported limits in ducks, pheasants, quail, 
and cottontails by the following mem- 
bers: Dr. D. K. Chang, Fred Chow, 
"Slim" Young, Sunny Medtoza, and 
Quon and Mack Soo Hoo. 

Celebrating this successful season, Dr. 
Chang gave a wild duck dinner last 
Thursday, December 5, for the club 
members. Sprigs and teal, cooked to 
the sportmen's taste, were served by Mrs. 
Chang. The club members took to Mrs. 
Chang's ducks the same way a duck takes 
to water. In fact, one member ate so 
much that he required Dr. Chang's serv- 
ices later in the evening. 

The entire club express their willing- 
ness to take all persons in hand who de- 
sire to learn the finer points of hunting 
and fishing. 

• • 

In a hard-fought fray, the Shangtai 
cagemen, minus several players in its 
lineup, went down to defeat last week 
before the Central Y. M. C. A. Unlim- 
iteds by a score of 35-31. 
• • 

Playing on the first string line-up in 
pre-season games of Lowell High School 
is George Lee, a forward. George is one 
of the mainstays of the Shangtai team. 



\ 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



STORY OF CERAMIC ART 

(Continued from Page 12) 

done in imitation of the reddish brown 
rims found on most Sung wares. But in 
the case of the K'ang Hsi blue and white 
platters, the brown is applied because it 
is said to have a toughening effect on the 
otherwise rather brittle edges with a ten- 
dency toward chipping. 

10. Some bodies, especially the un- 
glazed bottles of the T'ang Dynasty 
(617-906 A. D.) are made with "mar- 
bled pastes". That is to say, several diff- 
erent colored pastes are unevenly mixed 
together before potting, giving the fin- 
ished product a marbled or veined ap- 
pearance. This marbling of the paste 
reoccurred many times since the T'ang 
Dynasty, being especially popular dur- 
ing the Wan Li Period (1573-1619 A. 
D.) of the Ming Dynasty. 

11. The bodies of certain wares, 
especially Tz'u Chou ceramics, are often 
covered with a slip (that is, a covering 
of thin paste of clay) and fired before 
glazing. This slip may be white or col- 
ored, and is especially applied to change 
the color of an otherwise coarse, poorly 
colored pottery. Some porcelain receive 
a slip of hua shih to improve the texture 
of the surface. Slips are often detected 
at the base, for they invariably stop 
short of the base, even as the glazes fre- 
quently stop short of the slip. 

12. The nature of the body material 
may sometimes be hinted at thru the 
glaze, especially if the latter is thin and 
transparent. Eruptions, pin points, and 
air holes cannot be successfully covered 
with a thin glaze, and if a strong light 
be held on the other side of the ware 
under examination, porous pockets and 
impurities are often discernable. 

Copyrighted, 1935 Chingwah Lee 

• • 

RUDYARD KIPLING 

(Continued from Page 9) 

Certainly Rudyard Kipling went away 
with a decidedly distorted impression of 
Chinaton, which he may still remember 
to this day. Most assuredly he did not 
think much of the Chinese as a whole,, 
although when he traveled in North 
China he admired the country and its 
inhabitants. But then Kipling in 1888 
was a 23-year-old youngster and, for all 
his superficial worldliness, was probably 
ignorant of civic and social conditions of 
San Francisco at that time. 

How differently he would feel about 
Chinatown today if, on his seventieth 
birthday, he could see with his own eyes 
a colorful and peaceful community of 
19,000 people who are part and parcel 
of this great city. 



ROMANCE OF SILK 

(Continued from Page 6) 

is double, varying from 500 to 1300 
yards in length. The worm must be 
killed before he begins to break out of 
his cocoon. If he does break out the 
thread is spoiled for spinning. The 
worms are usually killed by throwing the 
cocoon into steam or boiling water. This 
kills the chrysalis, softens the gum and 
sets the fibre free. The ends of the 
thread are then caught up, usually six 
at a time, and reeled. Much of this work 
is done by women. The raw silk is reeled 
into gleaming white skeins, which are 
now ready for twisting, washing, dyeing 
and weaving. If the piece of goods to be 
woven is to be all of one color, the silk is 
dved after weaving, otherwise the thread 
is dyed first. 

Exquisiteness and Perfection 
The weaving is done on a horizontal 
loom, one man throwing the shuttle, the 
other drawing the headles, the part of 
the loom which controls the design. The 
most intricate designs are learned by 
heart by these men, who seldom use a 
drawing or a painting to aid them. Yet 
on these primitive looms are woven 
exquisite fabrics, from the finest gauze to 
the heaviest velvets, which have been 
the pride of China and the joy of col- 
lectors and art lovers the world over. 

Our European Jacquard looms are but 
adaptations of these ancient Chinese 
looms with machine attachments, and 
our Western designs are for the most 
part those which have delighted the sons 
and daughters of Han for countless 
generations. 

The Chinese have drawn on the min- 
eral and vegetable world for their won- 
drous colors, which have never been 
rivaled or equalled elsewhere. They have 
carried to perfection the ornamenting of 
their silks with self-figured designs and 
embroidery of every kind. They have in- 
vented thread of gold and silver paper, 
and every kind of stitch and knot. Into 
their fabrics they have woven and 
stitched flower and bird, beast and in- 
sect. In them they have told their leg- 
ends and myths. Into them they have 
poured the wealth of their race tradi- 
tions, and in exquisite imagery they have 
cunningly wrought their symbolic les- 
sons in religion and ethics. 

In silk, as in porcelain, the Chinese 
have proven themselves master work- 
men and supreme artists. Nothing is too 
delicate or too difficult for them to 
undertake. From the cocoon of the hum- 
ble silk worm the Chinese have developed 
and brought to the world a gift which 
for centuries has been and will continue 
to be a means of livelihood to tens of 




FASHIONS 

(Continued from Page 11) 
selected jacket, made of pure wool, or 
perhaps of heavy silk, would surprise 
him. You may be assured that he will 
wear it around the house these cold 
evenings. 

For the younger brother, I asked one 
the other day what he would like from 
his sister this Christmas, and he gave me 
this surprising answer: "I have no 
choice. I hint around for a tennis racket, 
or a radio or one of those new watch 
chains, but it's been a sweater every 
year."' So, big sister, if you still insist 
on a sweater for him, do get the young- 
ster (he's growing up, remember) one 
of those new and even fancy sweaters. A 
belted back, with a small checked design, 
and leather buttons, and be sure that it 
is noted for wearing quality. 

And now, my dear young ladies, if you 
find th=>t with the above mentioned sug- 
gestions, you still remain skeptical- 
minded, and find your problem is still un- 
solved, let me offer one last suggestion, 
and if he doesn't like it, he's no "fran" 
of yours. Wrap it innocent-like in the 
gayest of Xmas paper, tie it merrily with 
the brightest of ribbons, and warm his 
heart with a bottle of scotch, or rye, or 
sauterne. or cognac .... or what would 
you like? 




For further information regarding 
any of the above mentioned sugges- 
tions, please phone the Chinese 
Digest. 



millions, and a source of comfort and 
joy to tens of millions throughout the 
world. As long as men are civilized, as 
long as they love color and texture and 
sheer beauty, so long will the silks of 
China, old and new, be sought and 
treasured. 



December 13, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 15 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 






CHINA MAIL 

Ships arriving from China: 

President Coolidge (San Francisco) 
Dec. 18; President Jackson (Seattle) 
Dec. 24; President Wilson (San Fran- 
cisco) Jan. 7; President Hoover (San 
Francisco) Jan. 15; President Lincoln 
(San Francisco) Feb. 4; President Taft 
(San Francisco) Feb. 12; President 
Cleveland (San Francisco) Mar. 3. 
Ships leaving for China: 

President Cleveland (San Francisco) 
Dec. 13; President Monroe (San Fran- 
cisco) Dec. 20; President Coolidge (San 
Francisco) Dec. 27; President Van 
Buren (San Francisco) Jan. 3; Presi- 
dent Garfield (San Francisco) Jan. 17; 
President Hoover (San Francisco) Jan. 
24; President Polk (San Francisco) 
Jan. 31. 



Stanley Wong, a twenty-one year old 
Chinese who came to America eight 
years ago, will return to Canton, China, 
this Friday on board the S. S. Cleveland. 
Wong, a sophomore student at William 
Jewel's College in Missouri, has been 
studying chemistry. His father is a di- 
rector of the Board of Health at Canton. 
• • 

Jim Chinn, who has been in China for 
six years, returned on the President 
Pierce, which arrived Dec. 10. 



.uinnmn.iuu.unu 



NEW 
CENTURY 
BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Manufacturers of 

Orange Crush 

Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 



820 Pacific St. 



DOuglas 0547 



San Francisco, California 

rtmUMIIITMintMMIMTMI.MM.MIIHIimMMm tl.MIMM.tMH.M.IMHMlMtltlr 



THE THOUGHTFUL GIFT 

Are you wondering what you will give HIM, HER or THEM 
for Christmas? Then, may we suggest a gift which will not only 
give the recipient a wealth of enjoyable reading, but also serve as 
a weekly reminder of YOU throughout the year? 

It will be educational, stimulating, and chock full of every- 
day news of interest, 

The CHINESE DIGEST is THE Thoughtful Gift. 

EIGHT MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 

THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Enclosed please find the sum of (dollars) for 

which send your special gift offer for eight months' sub- 
scription to 



NAME - 

ADDRESS - 

CITY _ - STATE 

SENDERS NAME - 

ADDRESS -- 

CITY .-- -- STATE 



NAME - - 

ADDRESS - 

CITY STATE 

SENDERS NAME 

ADDRESS - - - 

CITY - STATE 



With the first issue of each gift offer the CHINESE DIGEST will enclose a 
Christmas card with the name of the sender. This offer exmres December 20. 



DIRECTORY OF CHINESE 
BAZAARS 



CITY OF HANKOW, 

406 Grant Avenue — 

Antiques, sillc, tea, ginger, gifts. 
ISUEY CHONG COMPANY, 
515 Grant Avenue — 

Slippers, pajamas, antiques. 
j CHINESE ART SHOP, 
444 Grant Avenue — 

Garments, jewelry, gifts. 
PEKING BAZAAR, 
458 Grant Avenue — 

Decorative art, furniture, gifts. II 
IKWONG TUNG BAZAAR 
528 Grant Avenue 

Curios, novelties, ornaments. 
1 CHINA MERCANTILE CO. 

543 Grant Avenue — 
Silk goods, souvenirs, curios. 

I CHINA TRADING COMPANY 
531 Grant Avenue — 

Porcelain, tableware, gifts. 
IJKWONG SANG COMPANY 
540 Grant Avenue — 

Art goods, prizes, pajamas. 
||GUMLING COMPANY, 

544 Grant Avenue — 
Robes, silk goods, decorations. 

jJFOOCHOW COMPANY, 
550 Grant Avenue — 

Curios, novelties, souvenirs. 
((TIENTSIN BAZAAR, 
564 Grant Avenue — 

Baskets, rattan and wickerworkJ 
| SING CHONG BAZAAR, 
601 Grant Avenue — 

Ceramics, cloissonne, silk, gifts. 
CANTON BAZAAR, 
616 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, chests, vases, bronzes. 
SHANGHAI BAZAAR, 
645 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaware, curios, novelties. 
WAH SANG LUNG, 
667 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, antiques, ivory goods. 
CHINA-WARE SHOP, 
700 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaware, curios, confections. 
W. YOUNG COMPANY, 
843 Grant Avenue — 
Brassware, rattanware. 
CHEW CHONG TAI, 
905 Grant Avenue — 

Silk hangings, robes, slippers. 
THE BOWL SHOP, 
953 Grant Avenue — 

Porcelain, slippers, curios, gifts. 
j TAI CHONG COMPANY, 
743 Jackson Street — 

Jewelry, art objects, embroidery. 



, 4 ~— ""^" 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 13, 1935 



BUY HIM THE 
KINDOFTifSHE 
WOULO PICK OUT 
R>R HIMSELF ! 




Cwudmaz 

NECKTIES 

1.00 1.50 2.50 3.50 



The ROOS Label adds value to the Gift 




URcKttBfo* 



SAN FRANCISCO • OAKLAND • HOLLYWOOD • BERKELEY 
FRESNO • SAN JOSE • PALO \LTO 




CU(N£S£ 

Digest 



->, we\VS - &PO&TS - SOCIAL - COMMCWT . 







Vol. 1, No. 6 



December 20, 1935 



Five Cents 



NEWS ABOUT CHINA 

JAPANESE BOMB CHINESE CITY 

By Tsu Pan 




HJ^ For the purpose of compromising with Jap- 
lT anese desires, the Nanking Government made 
it known last week that a "Hopei Chahar Poli- 
tical Council" will be established, (which no- 
minally is under the control of the Nanking 
Government,) and will exercise many func- 
tions of a state independently. While definite 
arrangements were being made for the inau- 
guration of the new regime, the Japanese 
-I*| I sponsored East Hopei autonomous state (Chi- 
) 'J nese Digest, Nov. 29) resorted to military 
force in an attempt to extend its influence at 
the port of Tangku. 

When the Chinese peace preservation corps under 
Shang Chen was vacating its barracks at Tangku, to be 
transfered southward, the "autonomous" troops took 
over the port in a coup d'etat. A short skirmish occurr- 
ed with a few killed on each side. The Japanese troops 
stood by while the "autonomists" took action. 

The Tangku seizure followed closely upon the arrest 
of a Chinese commissioner in the Tangku area by the 
Japanese military because of his alleged refusal to lease 
certain wharves to the Japanese army for military pur- 
poses. His refusal was based on opposition of the pre- 
sent occupants of the wharves. 

Strategic Tangku 
Tangku is a small town of 2500, strategically situated 
at the mouth of the Pei River. It is the gateway to 
Tientsin and Peiping and hence controls the import and 
export of North China. 

The "autonomists" had attempted to find an outlet 
to the sea. Tangku, with its geographic location and 
lucrative source of customs revenues, proved the ideal 
port for the "autonomists". General Sung Cheh-yuan 
newly appointed chairman of the "Hopei Chahar Poli- 
tical Council" ordered his troops to move toward the 
neighborhood of Tangku. While General Sung s atti- 
tude toward the East Hopei "autonomists was not 
clearly known, the Japanese had ordered reinforce- 
ments of military police from Tangshan, due to Sung s 
arrival, it was reported. 

A few davs before the conflict at Tangku a detach- 
ment of "Manchukuo" troops under the leadership or 
Lee Shu-sin* invaded the city of Kuyan ,n eastern 
Chahar Unable to check the tanks and airplanes which 
the invaders were said to have used, the local garrisons 



were forced to withdraw from the city. The area was 
reported to be in a virtual state of siege, with ever- 
increasing troops pouring in from "Manchukuo '. 
Japanese Planes Bomb Town 

However, after the Chinese had re-entered the city, 
two Japanese military planes flew overhead, dropping 
leaflets giving a twenty-four hour warning for the Chi- 
nese troops to evacuate. But in less than twelve hours, 
Japanese planes returned and bombed the city, killing 
many civilians. The Chinese troops evacuated as soon 
as the bombing started, but they returned during the 
night to hold the city, it was reported. 

In the meantime, at Kalgan, a detachment of Japan- 
ese soldiers suddenly arrived at the city, bewildering 
the native populace and soldiery. No conflict occurred. 
The Chinese, however, had reinforced its garrison to 
prepare for any eventuality. 

Special Significance 

Experienced observers believe that the arrival of Jap- 
anese soldiers at Kalgan has special significance in re- 
gard to Japanese Asiatic policies. By establishing con- 
trol at Kalgan, the Japanese opened the gateway to 
Inner Mongolia. With the cooperation of the "auton- 
omist" troops in East Hopei area, the Japanese have 
at present consolidated a line of offense all the way 
from the port of Tangku to Kalgan. In case of war, the 
Japanese can then move their troops quickly from the 
port of Tangku to Kalgan over the Tientsin-Peiping 
and Peiping-Suiyuan railways. 

Conference Called 

That the Japanese military in North China is in close 
cooperation with the "autonomist" army in Eastern 
Hopei is evidenced by the resolutions of a military 
conference recently held at Tientsin. The conference 
was called by Major General Hayao Tada, commander 
of the Japanese garrisons in North China, for an ex- 
change of views with Colonel Seiichi Kita who arrived 
from Tokio with "important instructions". It was learn- 
ed that the main resolutions reached at this conference 
was concerned with the expansion of the Japanese mili- 
tary force in North China "to meet the new conditions". 
It was also decided that hereafter, the Japanese mili- 
tary will cooperate with the autonomist regime in spite 
of any interference from Nanking. The Japanese army 
again vigorously denounced Nanking's "double-faced 
(Continued on Page 2) 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



JAPANESE BOMB CITY 

(Continued from Page 1) 

policy" (Chinese Digest, Nov. 22). 

In Peiping, Chinese students staged a 
big demonstration in an effort to organ- 
ize the nation for action. Students from 
universities, colleges and high schools 
totalling 7000 strong, marched through 
the streets of Peiping to demonstrate 
against Japanese aggression. Led by 
students from Yenching University, the 
group entered the Northwestern gate of 
the city and wormed its way through 
the main thoroughfares in freezing win- 
try weather. Anti-Japanese slogans were 
howled all the way. In manifests to the 
nation, the students wanted: 

1. To oppose the North China inde- 
pendence movement, 

2. To oppose Sino-Japanese negotia- 
tions in regard to the North China situa- 
tion, 

3. To demand the Government not 
to compromise with Japan, and 

4. To denounce the Eastern Hopei 
autonomous regime and to abolish the 
"Hopei Chahar Political Council" which 
is a semi-autonomous state set up by the 
Central Government in Nanking under 
Japanese influence. 

The students collided with the local 
police in front of the mayor's office. The 
police charged with swords, gun butts 
and fire hose. As a result, ten students 
were killed and many wounded. 

The killing in Peiping aroused the 
sympathy of students in Shanghai, Han- 
kow, Canton, Hangchow, and many 
other cities who quickly organized for 
the same movement. A nation-wide gen- 
eral strike was called in protest against 
the Japanese actions and the detach- 
ment o^ North China from the Central 
Government. In many places, boys 
walked out from classrooms to attend 
military drills while the girls organized 
themselves into first aid corps to prepare 
for eventualities. 

• • 

The main object of study is to unfold 
the aim; with one who loves words, but 
does not improve, I can do nothing. 

Confucius 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 
from the 

COMFORT SHOE 
STORE 

754 Grant Ave. CHina 2288 1$ 

San Francisco, California & 



NOTICE 

A number of persons have been 
identifying themselves as representa- 
tives of the CHINESE DIGEST. 

The public is cautioned to ask our 
representatives for their identification 
cards, issued to bona fide members of 
the staff. 

Identification cards are printed on 
brown cards, with four Chinese char- 
acters. If any other information is 
needed, kindly call CHina 2400. 



Art Exhibit in London 

What is considered as the greatest 
single collection of Chinese art treasures 
ever assembled for an international ex- 
hibition war. opened to the public recent- 
ly in the Royal Academy's Burlington 
House, London. The exhibition boasts of 
more than 25,000 Chinese art pieces 
gathered from collections in the United 
States, France, Germany, Holland, Swe- 
den, Japan, Turkey, England, Austria, 
Egypt) an d China. Her Majesty, the 
Queen of England, and Mrs. John D. 
Rockefeller, also lent their private Chi- 
nese collections. 

From China came 21,000 imperial art 
pieces, the accumulated treasures of thir- 
ty-five centuries, and which the Chinese 
themselves have never viewed at close 
range. They had been kept in dust-proof 
cases in the Palace Museum in Peiping. 
Two years ago, fearing the invasion of 
the Japanese into Peiping, the Nanking 
government had these treasures removed 
to Shanghai, where they were stored in 
bomb-proof and burglar-proof vaults. 

A year ago, England sent a commis- 
sion to China and Japan to secure from 
both governments the use of their Chi- 
nese art collections. Because the com- 
mission was headed by the Earl of Lyt- 
ton, the same man who in 1932 con- 
demned Japan's action in the invasion 
of Manchuria in his famous Lytton 
Commission Report to the League of 
Nations, Japan at first refused to send a 
single art object. However, she later con- 
sented to send a few. 

Last July, the collection from China 

.cfC^J^^rSi tS^JS^PSi iFC^JS^FS <ST 
You Are Cordially Invited to Visit the 

INDIA CHINA TRADING CO.'S STORE 

At 445 GRANT AVENUE 

San Francisco's Chinatown 

and Select Gifts from India. China and 

other Oriental Countries 

G. R. Channon. Manager 



Portland Consul 
Passes Away 

The resident Consul of Portland for 
the Republic of China, Moy Pak Hin, 
died at the age of 90 after months of 
lingering illness. He is survived by his 
widow, and many sons, daughters and 
grandchildren. Stanley Moy, a grandson, 
who is studying at the Stanford Univer- 
sity as a post-graduate student in aero- 
nautics, left for Portland on the day of 
his passing. 

Consul Moy rose to his famed position 
from the rank of a Labor Director for 
the railroads in the early eighties. At 
one time he directed more than a score 
of enterprises and was considered Port- 
land's richest Chinese merchant. 



arrived in England aboard one of Her 
Majesty's naval cruisers, Suffolk. The 
21,000 pieces, packed in 93 steel trunks, 
were set up in Burlington House by Chi- 
nese experts. A few of the most valuable 
objects seen at the exhibition were: 

A famous pre-Sung dynasty painting 
on porcelain, known as the "Blue of the 
Sky After Rain". Produced by imperial 
order, the rare tint achieved by this pic- 
ture has never been duplicated, and is 
said to be "as blue as the sky, as clear as 
a mirror, as thin as paper, and as reson- 
ant as a musical stone of jade". 

A bas-relief in stone called "Purple 
Swallow", borrowed from the University 
of Pennsylvania Museum. It shows a 
general of the T'ang dynasty drawing an 
arrow from the chest of his master's 
horse, "Purple Swallow". This bas-relief 
is one of six panels made for the tomb 
of the Empress Yang Kwei-fei. 

A 38-foot landscape scroll called "Ten 
Thousand Miles of the Yangtze", 1 3th 
century. 

Two paintings by the Emperor Chi'en 
Lung himself (1736-96). 

A portrait of Genghis Khan, and a 
Buddhist carving of the 6th century. 

The latest piece is a 17th century 
cloisonne enamel elephant from Queen 
Mary's collection. 



SEASONS GREETINGS 
BEN CHEY 

FORD 

Sales • Service 

REPAIR SHOP 
725 Pacific St. GAr. 4592 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 3 



CHINATOWNIA 



Art Lectures Given 

At an exhibition of the Chinese Art 
Association of America, held at the De 
Young Museum of Golden Gate Park, 
Professor Rinaldo Cueno, famed judge 
of fine arts, gave a short talk on "The 
Chinese-American Artist". Pointing out 
that the Chinese in America have a dis- 
tinctive contribution to make in the field 
of art, he stated that the Chinese historic 
painters are the world's greatest, along- 
side which the European painters are but 
amateurs. "The capacity of the Chinese 
artist to organize his material, his fine 
sense of color, of form, and of vibration 
enables him to produce masterpieces 
which appear like a world held in cap- 
tivity," said Professor Cueno. 

He pointed out how the modern Chi- 
nese-American painter is absolutely sin- 
cere, but is confused by attempting to 
imitate the American art style; he sees a 
great future for the many artists who 
were represented at the exhibit. The talk 
was followed by brief comment on the 
various paintings and water colors on 
display. 

The exhibit, which opened Dec. 10, 
will be open to the public daily from 
10 a. m. to 5 p. m. Next Sunday, Dec. 
22, at 3:00 p. m., Professor Kang S. 
Hong, principal of the Nom Kue 
Academy will lecture in Chinese on 
"Chinese Art". The leicture is open to 
the public, at the De Young Museum. 
• • 

A son was born on Dec. 8 to the wife 
of Robert Q. Choy, 120 Trenton Street, 
San Francisco. 

Hi m inrmmTTTnTlii I I II i"" " I III III I Mil I MM I limna 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 
from the 

£J!MM* 
re/ruic 



men/ /h«|i 

• 

ANNIVERSARY SALE 
Complete Line of 
Men's Furnishings 

A FREE WOOLEN BLANKET 

With the Purchase of Each 

Suit or Overcoat 



Provisions of New 
Laundry Ordinance 

The new laundry ordinance of San 
Francisco which went into effect this 
month, and which will particularly affect 
the Chinese laundries, carries the follow- 
ing specific provisions: 

( 1 ) On Sunday, New Year's Day, 
Memorial Day, Independence Day, La- 
bor Day, Washington's Birthday, Ad- 
mission Day, Thanksgiving Day, and 
Christmas Day, it is unlawful to open 
for business; 

Exceptions are on those holidays 
which fall on a Monday or Saturday; 

Hours on which business may be trans- 
acted are from 7 a. m. to 7 p. m. Before 
or after the hours specified it is unlawful 
to collect or to deliver laundry; 

(2) All trucks or cars used by laun- 
dries for collection and delivery must 
bear the company's name on both sides 
of the vehicle in 4-inch English letters; 

(3) Hotels and hospitals which oper- 
ate their own private laundries are ex- 
empt from the provisions of this ordin- 
ance; 

(4) Any persons or companies found 
guilty of violating the provision or pro- 
visions of this ordinance shall be fined 
not more than #500 or not more than 
six months' imprisonment. 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 



FILM COMPANY NEW NAME 

Last week Chinatown's new film con- 
cern, the Kwong Ngai Talking Picture 
Company, announced its American name 
as the Cathay Pictures, Ltd., with head- 
quarters at 1010 Washington St. Also 
announced was the fact that the shoot- 
ing of its first production, "Heartaches", 
featuring the stage actress, Wei Gim 
Fong, has been completed and that the 
new picture will be released shortly. 

• • 
CHINESE STUDENTS IN U. S. 

Recent statistics received from Nan- 
king placed the number of Chinese stu- 
dents now studying in the United States 
and Canada at 1,443. They also show 
that this number is enrolled in approxi- 
mately 200 colleges and universities. 

As in previous years, the largest pro- 
portion of these students is taking tech- 
nological and engineering courses, while 
a great number study business and poli- 
tical science. 

The number of Chinese students now 
studying in North America shows an in- 
crease over the 1933-1934 period, which 
was 1,101. During the 1934-1935 period 
the number was 1,500, but 251 of these 
were in the University of Hawaii, Hono- 
lulu. Therefore, the present number of 
Chinese students in continental United 
States and Canada is also an increase 
over the preceding period. 

• • 

SQUARE AND CIRCLE ELECTIONS 

At a recent election, the following 
were chosen as officers of the Square 
and Circle Club for Spring, 1936: 
President, Mrs. Ira Lee; vice-president, 
Miss Emeline Fong; recording secretary, 
Miss Renmi Jue; corresponding secre- 
tary, Miss Ruth Young; treasurer, Mrs. 
Norman Chinn; service chairman, Mrs. 
Loy Kwok; social chairman, Miss Bea- 
trice Lee. 



FROM 

The Shangtai 

A 672 Jackson Sf. CHina 1215 K 

%, & & A & & & & & A A A & 

CHINESE DIGEST & 

WISHES YOU & 

& A MERRY CHRISTMAS & 

%,**.* .*. A & A Hk & 4k 4k 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIC EST 



December 20, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



Sacramento Club Started Paging Charlie Chan 



Chinese students of Sacramento Jun- 
ior College have organized a club called 
the Sui Wah. Approximately twenty 
Chinese are enrolled at the J. C. this 
year, this being a record enrollment. 

The Sui Wah Club will hold a Christ- 
mas Raffle on Friday, Dec. 20, and three 
valuable prizes will be given away. The 
fund will be used for charity and edu- 
cational purposes for the Chinese com- 
munity of Sacramento. 

On Dec. 6, the club held a debate with 
the Filipino Club, which was a success 
as proved by the good attendance. The 
question was, "Resolved, That the Pre- 
sent Policy of Military Preparedness 
Should be Abandoned." The Filipino 
team took the negative side, while the 
Chinese team, composed of Shu Wong, 
Ginn Wong, and Ruth Fong, took the 
affirmative stand. 

• • 
HEALDS CHINESE STUDENTS 
GIVE EXHIBIT 

Under the sponsorship of the Chinese 
Associated Students of Heald's College, 
an electrical, mechanical, civil, auto, and 
business exhibit will be held on Dec. 28 
and 29 at 33 Spofford Alley. Admission 
is fifteen cents. 

Seven valuable door prizes will be 
given away. They are: first, a #112.50 
auto course scholarship; second, a 
$75.00 ignition course scholarship; third, 
a #25.00 radio; fourth, a Coty beauty 
set; fifth, a silk shirt; sixth, a Parker pen 
and pencil set; and seventh, a smoking 
stand. 

• • 



A mystery which is as perplexing as 
any real situation ever unraveled by 
Charlie Chan of the cinema world with 
alacrity and sublety faces his real life 
counterpart in Chinatown. 

Believing implicitly in his ability to 
explain all complications of an appar- 
ently insolvable nature, Miss Alice P. 
Fong, who directed the last fashion 
show for the Y. W. C. A. Community 
Night entertainment, is asking for his 
solution of the baffling mystery of the 
beautiful Chinese gown which did a dis- 
appearing act and as yet, has not been 
recovered. 

However, before Charlie Chan applies 
to Miss Fong for further particulars 
regarding the case, perhaps it might be 
well for the person or persons who know 
the whereabouts of the lovely garment 
to return it to her via the safe and silent 
deliveryman, the U. S. Parcel Post. 

• • 

OAKLAND SCOUT FROLIC 

Oakland Veteran Chinese Scouts of 
Troop 45 will hold its Annual Pre-New 
Year's Frolic on Friday Evening, Dec. 
27, at the Lincoln School Auditorium, 
Jackson at 11th St., Oakland. 

According to Dr. Raymond L. Ng, 
Scoutmaster of the troop, entertainment 
will consist of an one act play entitled 
"Scrooges", musical selections, Chinese 
motion pictures, and dancing. 

• • 

A son was born on Dec. 6 to the wife 
of Tsiu Jaw, 663 Clay Street, San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 



FIRECRACKERS 




WE MADE THESE FANCY ICE CREAMS ESPECIALLY FOR YOUR HOLIDAYS — 

TUTTI FRUTTI, ROCKY ROAD, BUTTERED PECAN, FRUIT CAKE ICE CREAM 

AND ALL OTHER FLAVORS — IN PINTS, QUARTS AND BULK 



FDnG 

Fourrrmn 




FDnG 

BRKERy 



"FOREMOST BAKERS OF FINEST CHINESE CAKES" 
The Perfect Christmas Gift — Fong Font's Boxed Fancy Cookies — We Deliver 

824 GRANT AVENUE CHina 1010 

San Francisco - - . California 



This column is conducted for 
the benefit of our readers, under 
which they may submit suggestions 
and comments on any and all 
topics pertaining to the Chinese 
people or country. 



Dear Editor: 

Please allow me to congratulate you 
and your able staff for the unprece- 
dented weekly, "Chinese Digest". A pub- 
lication more conductive to an awaken- 
ing from our pernicious apathy and 
wanton lethargy and one which carries 
an aim more challenging to a greater 
cooperative effort toward community 
and self improvement has never before 
been attempted in the life of our people 
in our more than four score years of 
existence in the United States. 

Where do we stand, where are we go- 
ing, and what should our objectives be 
in our relation to one another and to 
the larger community of which we are 
a small but nevertheless important part, 
are questions which not only deserve the 
study of our leaders but demand the 
wholehearted attention of the entire 
community. 

The "Digest" has set the pace for us 
to follow. It characterizes a change in 
outlook toward life in America between 
the old Chinese immigrant and the 
young native-born. It is also symbolic of 
the regenerative spirit of assertive youth 
throughout the world. Your courageous 
leadership, initiative, vision, and indus- 
try deserve more than mere praise. You 
deserve every support of our young 
people and our American well-wishers. 
'Not only read the Digest, but subscribe 
to it" should be the slogan of every 
intelligent and loyal young Chinese. 

May your worthy enterprise meet with 
ever increasing success. 

Very sincerely yours, 
Alice P. Fong. 

December 14. 

San Francisco, California. 





• 


• 




ALFRED B 


. CHONC 




INSURANCE 




Special 


Agent ' 




Kansat City Lift 


Insurance Co. i 


& Ph 


one SUtter 2995 ; 


Ret. PRoipect 81 IS j 




1 1 1 Suiter St., 


San Francisco 4 




«<>C^O'*V v V fc O'^N>0^^^*>s v ^>*-C ,, '0-V 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



CHICAGO NEWS 

Chicago, 111., Dec. 15 — The Young 
China's Auxiliary held a bazaar last 
night at the On Leong School to raise 
funds for a Christmas party for Chinese 
children. Officers of the club are as fol- 
lows: president, Helen Wong; vice-presi- 
dent, Mrs. Goo; secretary, Miss Moy; 
treasurer, Mrs. Stella Lau; donation 
chairman, Mrs. Goo. 

Chicago's Young Chinese Boys' Club 
recently gave a party in honor of the 
girls' club. There was dancing, games, 
and prizes were awarded the winners. 

• • 
"SAU YEB" PROUD FATHER 

A baby boy is brightening the house- 
hold of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lee, for- 
merly of San Francisco, who are now 
residing in Canton, China. 

We remember Charlie (Sau Yee) as 
one of San Francisco Chinatown's rank- 
ing tennis players a few years ago. Mrs. 
Lee is the former Lucille Jung. 

• • 
BPWORTH LEAGUE ELECTIONS 

New officers of the Chinese Epworth 
League are: president, Robert G. Poon; 
vice-president, Albert Park Li; second 
vice-president, Alyce E. Lee; third vice- 
presidents, Edwin L. Jew and Edna K. 
Choy; fourth vice-presidents, Lillian 
Owyang and Harold M. Y. Leau; trea- 
surer, Eric L. Owyang; Chinese secretary, 
Roy S. Tom; English secretary, May N. 
Owyang; and pianist, Pearl Chinn. 

• • 

"TAX FREE POTATOES" 
China may ship one and one-tenth 
bushels of potatoes into the United 
States this year without paying a tax 
under the control law, it was announced 
the other day by the AAA. This figure 
was reached by calculations. 

Officials, fixing quotas on the basis of 
average imports from 1929 to 1934, 
found that 1933 was the only year in 
which China's potatoes were shipped to 
this country, the amount a little more 
than seven bushels. By spreading this 
over the six years, China's average of 
one and one-tenth bushels was arrived at. 



Season's Greetings 
WUNG FAT CO. 

JEWELERS 
"GIFTS FOR ALL OCCASIONS 
EXPERT WATCH REPAIRING 
749 Jackson St. - 



San Francisco, 



CHina 0501 
California 



TEA AND LANTERNS 



Cathay Dance 



If you are planning to have a good 
time on New Year's Eve, Cathay Club, 
Inc. guarantees you a warm welcome 
at their dance to be held at the Trianon 
Ballroom at Sutter Street and Van Ness 
Avenue. 

Sponsored by the only musical club in 
this section, they promise you an evening 
of good music and entertainment with 
door prizes and gay souvenirs. A seven 
piece orchestra, the Chinatown Knights, 
will furnish the dance music, which will 
last from 9 p. m. to 2 a. m. 

Tickets may be purchased at the gate. 

• • 

Ma Jong Club Started 

As a way to raise funds for the sub- 
scription of magazines and newspapers 
for its reading room, the Chinese Catho- 
lic Young Men's Association began a 
series of monthly ma jong games last 
week at its headquarters in the Catholic 
Center. 

Each player is charged twenty-five 
cents admission, and two prizes are given 
at the end of the game to the player win- 
ning the most points and to the one 
winning the least. Mrs. Chan Wai and 
Thomas Dea won the most and the least 
points, respectively, at the first game. 

The next of the series will be played 
on Jan. 10, 1936, it has been announced. 

• • 
YOUNG CHINESE A. C TO 
GIVE ANNUAL CARD PARTY 

The Chinese of Oakland are looking 
forward to the annual card party given 
by the Young Chinese Athletic Club, 
which will be held on Dec. 28, at the 
Oakland C. A. C. A. Hall at 8:30 P. M. 
One of the features of the party will be 
a raffle, with a dazzling array of prizes 
to be given away. 

• • 

gj SEASON'S GREETINGS jg 



CANTON NOODLE FACTORY 

Jack C. Ng, Owner ig 



1135 Stockton Street 

rancisco, Cal 
CHina 0016 



M San Francisco, California y 
9 CHina 0016 Q 



Christmas at the Y. W. C. A. 

On Saturday, Dec. 21, Father Christ- 
mas will spend a glorious day at the 
Chinese Y. W. C. A., 965 Clay St. For 
the children of the community there will 
be an afternoon party at 12:30 with 
games, singing, and refreshments for all 
of the very young people who wish to 
come. That evening at 7:30, there will 
be a program for both young and old — 
a fantasy in English and a play in Chi- 
nese. Everyone is cordially invited to 
join in ushering in this joyous holiday. 



GALILEO DANCE 

Dancing to a nine piece orchestra at 
the Y. W. C. A. on Dec. 14, the Galileo 
Chinese Students Club officially ended 
their term. Approximately 300 persons 
were present. At intermission time 
awards were made to the winning Com- 
merce basketball team in the All-High 
League. 

The officers for the club were: presi- 
dent, George Chung; vice-president, 
Marie Lee; secretary, Rose Louie; trea- 
surer, Alfred Lee; girls athletic manager, 
May Lo; boys athletic manager, Stephen 
Leong. 

JUNG ANNIVERSARY 

The second wedding anniversary of 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Jung was cele- 
brated at a unique progressive banquet 
which started at the Johnny Rendezvous 
and ended with dessert and dancing at 
the Cairo Club. A special comedy, 'fll 
Duce, Him My Brother", was arranged 
for the party at the Cairo Club. 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 
from 

LAWRENCE MAH 
Insurance 



What is More Thoughtful 

Than a Photograph 

for Christinas 

Appointments Made by Telephone 

YEE WONG STUDIO 

57 Brenham Place CHina 1221 



/\ 



Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



THE STORY OF CERAMIC ART 



(IV) How Pottery Originated 
in Early Times 

The origin of pottery is shrouded in 
neolithic mystery. The earliest known 
pottery is a bit of shard found in Egypt 
dating to about 18-16000 B. C. From 
archeological finds and from the study 
of present day primitive potters we can 
secure valuable data which enables us to 
reconstruct in the rough the main steps 
in the evolution of this fascinating art. 

Before the invention of pottery primi- 
tive men made use of gourds, cocoanut 
shells, and carved dishes of wood and 
soapstone to hold their food and liquid. 
It is conceivable that the placing of a 
cocoanut shell on a newly made fireplace 
embankment of moist clay will leave an 
impression which when heated results in 
the production of a pottery bowl. 

Basketry was also used extensively by 
primitive men before the appearance of 
pottery. Large basketry jars were used 
to hold water and to store grain. Torn 
storage jars may be repaired by lumps of 
clay, and the entire surface may eventu- 
ally be smeared with clay as an added 
protection against the elements and 
rodents. The accidental burning of such 
a clay coated basketry would certainly 
result in a fired pottery of some sort. 
Mat Wrapped Variety 

At any rate, the earliest pottery shows 
a strong affinity to basketry. The earliest 
wares, in fact, are said to be of the mat 
wrapped variety — vessels made with the 
aid of mat wrappings. No such vessels 
have been found in China, but some 
three-legged neolithic vessels from Honan 
(Yangshao period, 3,000 B. C) have 
hatchings and cross hatchings which 
strongly suggest mat marks. Similar 
wares are still being made today by 
tribes along the Tibetian border. 

Chou Dynasty pottery is often deco- 
rated with a pattern of rope impression 
or finger nail markings which also re- 
motely suggest a mat pattern, but which 
is more closely related to the corrugated 
pottery of the Pueblo I Period Indians 
of the American Southwest (about two 
thousand years ago) . 

Coiled Method 

The next step appeared to be the pro- 
duction of pottery by the coiled method. 
This is done by first moulding from 
moist clay a thick saucer-like plate. Then 
more moist clays are rolled into "rope", 
and applied to the edge of this saucer 
with the fingers, pressure being used to 



make the moist clay adhere firmly 
(luting), and in this way the vessel is 
built to the desired shape and height. 
The surface is then smoothed off with 
a pebble or stick and the vessel allowed 
to dry thoroughly in the sun before fir- 
ing. The shape of these coiled pottery 
takes after that of its proto-types, the 
gourd and the basketry vessels. 

The next improvement- appeared to be 
the invention of the anvil and 
paddle for the smoothing of the coil 
marks. The paddle resembles the modern 
butter shaping paddles; the anvil resem- 
bles an upturned mushroom, the stem 
being the handle. They are of wood, 
stone, or pottery. The anvil is pressed 
against the inside wall of the pottery 
vessel while the corresponding outside 
surface is being smoothed with the 
paddle. Pottery so treated are easily 
identified because the surface of the in- 
side wall is pitted with anvil impressions. 
The anvil and paddle are probably Asi- 
atic in origin, being known in Asia and 
northern America, but unknown in Ne- 
gro Africa and the Middle and South 
Americas. 

It is well to mention here that from 
earliest times the clay used for pottery 
were tempered with ground rocks, fine 
sand, or crushed shards and sea shells. 
This tempering of the clay increases its 
tensile strength but produces a hetero- 
geneously coarse texture. To improve the 
smoothness of the surface, wares are oft- 
en covered with a slip or thin coating 
of clay which has been finely washed 
(levigated) to be freed of all for- 
eign matter and grit. 

Designs on Pottery 

Carving and stamping of designs on 
pottery occurred at an early date, as did 
the moulding of ornamentation. Shards 
of the Yin Dynasty (1401-1122 B. C) 
found near similarly carved bone imple- 
ments in a station in Honan suggest the 
transfer of carving from bone to pottery. 
Chou Dynasty corrugated pottery are 
frequently stamped near the top with a 
square or rectangular seal. Moulds, used 
for bronze casting during the Shang 
Dynasty, may have suggested itself to 
the moulding of pottery. Flowery mould- 
ed ornaments were used extensively on 
Han objects and tomb wares. Similar 
moulds were also used by Peruvians in 
pre-Columbia time. Sculptured figurines 
and statues were made extensively during 
(Continued on Page 12) 



Chinese Discoveries 
and Inventions 

(III) The Chinese Were the First to 
Utilize Natural Gas. 

Natural gas was in use in China dur- 
ing the Sung Dynasty, in the year 900 
A. D. or about a thousand years before 
it was in use in America. Other ancient 
people about that time had lit natural 
gas wells, but solely for religious pur- 
poses. It remained for the practical Sung 
men to use it for cooking. To obtain 
the gas, a large inverted funnel was 
placed over the gas well, and the cap- 
tured gas was conveyed long distances by 
means of hollowed-out bamboo tubes, 
joined together with lead couplings and 
pewter elbows. The burning tips are of 
iron, and is placed immediately under a 
wok, which is a sort of a combination 
frying pan and cauldron, suitable also 
for steaming and baking. 

In this connection, it is interesting to 
note that the Chinese were among the 
first to utilize coal. Marco Polo men- 
tioned it as "the burning black rocks". 
Metallurgists agree that the Chinese, like 
many other ancient people, had silver, 
gold, lead, copper, mercury, tin, and pak- 
tung about 5000 years ago, or earlier. 
Of bronze and iron they are less certain 
as to dates. 

Bronze was moulded into elaborate 
utensils and vessels during the Hsia and 
Shang Dynasty, 2205-1766 B. C, but 
these wares already displayed the cir* 
perdue process, a technique which could 
not possibly have evolved without the 
lapse of thousands of years of experi- 
ence with bronze. Hence, unless China 
inherited the entire complex from the 
outside, it is quite possible that that me- 
tal was in use more than 5000 years ago 

Anthropologists believe that iron was 
unknown to China until twenty-five 
hundred years ago — a very late date. 
However, the Shu King (Book of His- 
tory), as edited by Confucius (born 
551 B. C. ) mentioned iron weapons as 
being in use in the vc.ir 2200 B. C. The 
word iron (tit) could not have connoted 
(Continued on Page 14) 



SEASO N S GREETINGS 
HOWARD MACEE 

COUNSELLORATLAW 

Anglo Bank Rldg. 8*0 Mirkw St. 
EXbrook 0208 S»n Fr.inci.ro 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



HUNDRED NAMES 



Inside Facts About 
Fong Fong 

Chinatown at last has a real up-to-date 
soda fountain. 

This combination of a modern bakery 
and soda fountain is the result of years 
of careful planning. Five years ago, 
Philip Fong, general manager of the 
company, and his assistant, Johnny Kan, 
livened up a street corner that had been 
'dead' for years by talcing a dilapidated 
old store and converting it into an 
attractive bakery. This store was named 
Acme Bakery, and is still serving as a 
neighborhood store. 

Before going further, it may be inter- 
esting to know what sort of background 
these enterprising Chinese had. 

Philip and his cousin, Charlie Fong, 
had both been expert bakers and were 
associated with Foster's Cafeterias for 
over five years. Johnny had been 
merchandising groceries and was also in 
the wholesale produce and creamery 
business for eight years. 

The knowledge these men have of sci- 
entific baking and modern business 
methods made their first store a success, 
after which the partners put their heads 
together, investigated, inquired, shop- 
ped, planned, and as a result four years 
later, we see the opening of one of the 
finest little shops in San Francisco. 

Fong Fong boasts of having the finest 
and most expensive equipment ever in- 
stalled in a food store in Chinatown. 

An elaborate ice cream manufactur- 
ing plant in the front part of the store 
puts out fifty gallons of ice cream per 
hour, while an automatic doughnut ma- 
chine turns out twenty dozen doughnuts 
hourly. 

The bakeshop is equipped with long 
benches where several expert bakers make 
nothing but fine Chinese cakes and 
cookies. The crew also turn out Ameri- 
can cakes, rolls, and pastries. 

A huge ventilation system takes care 
of the air conditioning. Then there is 
the new oven which bakes wth indirect 
heat. A beautiful Chinese moon gate sep- 
arates the comfortable booths from the 
counter. An efficient personnel of 16 
man the store and bakeshop. 



Misses Lan and Hu, after a brief visit 
at Ming Quong Home in Oakland, will 
leave for Los Angeles, where they will 
hold evangelistic services for ten weeks. 



Herbs Taxed as Food 

Herb merchants in Chinatown were 
thrown into a wrathful furore recently 
when the customs authorities suddenly 
raised the tariff fifteen per cent higher 
on six of their most saleable commodities 
on the ground that they were not herbs, 
but edibles. 

These commodities are six species of 
herbs which are most popular with the 
average Chinese. In general, it is used 
as an antidote for excessive heat in the 
stomach resulting from eating too much 
fried food and food prepared with too 
much oil. These herbs are known as the 
"six tastes". 

As soon as news of this tariff raise 
flashed through Chinatown, the herb 
merchants immediately hired American 
lawyers, Chinese interpreters, invited re- 
presentatives from the Chinese Six Com- 
panies, and proceeded to the custom 
house to argue the fact that the "six 
tastes" are medicine and not edibles. 

The customs officials announced that 
they will study the matter and render 
their decision shortly. 



Photo Eye Introduced 

An example of the progress achieved 
by the younger generation of China- 
town may be found in the photo eye 
apparatus installed by Thomas Tong in 
his store. The photo eye, one of the latest 
scientific gadgets, is based on the 
light-sensitiveness of selenium. A light 
beam is focused on the extremely sensi- 
tive selenium cell, commonly known as 
a photo eye cell. When this light beam 
is broken by a body passing between the 
source of the light and the photo eye cell, 
an electrical contact is made which may 
flash a light, ring a bell, or perform 
any of the multiple tasks that electricity 
can perform. The apparatus now in use 
is designed by Thomas Tong for the pur- 
pose of detecting prospective customers 
in his store. Two sets of identical design 
have been built and sold to American 
customers, but as yet, the Golden Star 
Radio Company is the only store in 
Chinatown known to be thus equipped. 



High school clubs must be getting 
prosperous or something. Imagine hav- 
ing a NINE piece orchestra to play for 
them. No wonder there was a crowd 
there. 



BRIEF BIOGRAPHY SKETCH 

Short, interesting biographical 
sketches or antecdotes about Chi- 
nese currendy in the eyes of the 
world will be found regularly 
under the above heading in the 
Chinese Digest 



LIN SEN 

Lin Sen was born at Foochow, Fukien 
in 1864. The major portion of his edu- 
cation was received in China and Amer- 
ica, where he resided for many years 
in the State of California. Shortly after 
the Revolution of 1911, he returned to 
China and was elected senator of the 
first Parliament, 1912-23. He joined the 
Kuomintang while he was in America 
and was elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang in 
1924. After the 1926 Revolution, he was 
appointed a member of the Chekiang 
Division of the Central Political Council 
in 1927, from which position he re- 
signed shortly after to become a member 
of the Overseas Commission in Nanking. 
He was appointed member of the State 
Council of the National Government 
and Vice-President of the Legislative 
Yuan in 1928. 

Upon the resignation of Hu Han-min 
from the presidency of the Legislative 
Yuan in March, 1931, he became Presi- 
dent. Besides holding this position, he 
was also concurrently State Councillor 
and member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee of Kuomintang. 

• • 

PHOTO STUDIO OPENED 

Eddie Jung, former active Y. M. C. A. 
Boys Work Director and popular leader 
in Boys Night Activities, has opened a 
photographic studio at 944 Pacific Ave. 
He specializes in art and commercial 
photography, having spent more than 
eight years studying under various ex- 
perts. "Visitors are always welcome to 
visit my studio,'' says Jung. 

^▼▼'▼▼▼▼▼'^▼▼▼ ^ 

MAKE THIS AN 

"ELECTRICAL CHRISTMAS" 

The 

GOLDEN STAR RADIO 
COMPANY 

"See Our Windows 
for Gift Suggestions" 

TIME PAYMENTS 

846 Clay St. CHina 2322 

San Francisco, California 



y»ge 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



EDITORIAL 




A bit of China? 

No, but a bit of San Francisco's Chinatown that has 
still retained its Chinese atmosphere. 

A matter to be deplored is the way our community 
has "gone modern". 

Like the fable of the golden goose, we are trying to 
kill ours, in an artistic manner. For the sake of turning 
"modern", we are trying to throw away the main source 
of revenue for Chinatown's 19,000 inhabitants. 

One of the main reasons why visitors come to San 
Francisco is to visit Chinatown — see the temples, chop 
suey establishments, bazaars, Chinese theater, and the 
little fruit and candy stores, to bring little souvenirs 
home in memory of a "thrilling" Chinatown trip. 

But the average visitor no sooner comes here now but 
wonders, "did I come all the way from home just to 
see another Western community district? And one can 
hardly blame them if their interest in things Chinese 
ceases to be, thereafter. 

Where will our bazaars be within a few years, if no 
visitors come to Chinatown? 

Where will our fancy chop suey neon signs end up? 

Where will our temples be? AND, FINALLY, 



A LEAGUE OF MINOR NATIONS 

A League of Nations of some sort is a greatly to 
be desired bit of mechanism for world peace, and if the 
nations are ever to get out of the present head hunter's 
level, it will be because we have come to recognize a 
code based on universal justice, and have evolved a set 
of machinery to make possible its enforcement. 

But the League of the Big Powers have again failed 
the world. This time it is not China, but courageous 
Ethiopia. It is clear to even the most ardent supporter 
of the League that the "righteous indignation" of the 
League Assembly is depending entirely on how the 
Big Powers are effected. 

When Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931, the 
Powers were "grieved," but outside of that and a few 
other empty gestures, nothing was done to stop Japan 
from making further inroads into China. However, 
when Italy decided to invade Ethiopia the powers were 
really "horrified," because their position in the Medi- 
terranean was threatened. A strong Italy means a 
correspondingly weakened Britain in Egypt and a single- 
handed France. Hence all the furies toward sanctions 
and embargo and the enlistment of the moral support 
of the world. 

Now, with II Duce's dream destined to failure, it 
also appeared certain that the "Big Jaw" will turn on 
all of Europe to save his political neck. SO THE 
POWERS HAVE DECIDED TO GIVE ITALY A 
LARGE SLICE OF ETHIOPIA! 

It should be obvious to the weaker nations that 
they are in the same position as the cage of chickens at 
the meat market — gradual delivery to the banquet table 
via the kitchen door. What is needed now is a League 
of Minor Nations — a chain of fighting cooperatives 
which will by persistent boycotting, embargoes, sanc- 
tion, and even sheer disturbances force the "big 
fellers" into line. C. W. L. 

• • 

GOVERNMENT BY ASSASSINATION 

There have been several assassinations of pro-Japan- 
ese officials in China lately. In any other nation this 
is admittedly a bad sign. Especially is this true of a re- 
public where the people can remove officials through 
the polls. 

There is nevertheless a healthy aspect in this case for 
China. It shows that the patience of the people has 
been tested beyond endurance. It shows that the people 
are no longer content to let things drift, but want 
positive action. As Lin Yutang stated, what China 
needs most now is "Government by Execution". 

A vigilance committee to weed out indifferent and 
corrupt officials would be a blessing. "A sick man 
needeth strong medicine". 

Where can the younger generation turn to, to find 
any employment outside of Chinatown? 

These are vital questions that leave but two alterna- 
tives: pack up and take the next steamer back to China, 
and admit we are licked, or, REVAMP CHINA- 
TOWN. Make it worthwhile for visitors to come a long 
vavs to see it. Make them WANT to come; and when 
they come, let us have something to SHOW them! 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



Page 9 



WILLIAM HOY 



Hui Sien, Discoverer of 
North America 

Very few persons would expect to 
find, in the pages of a book which deals 
with the building of a great North 
American railway — the Canadian Pacific 
— a well documented record of what pur- 
ports to be the first discoverer of Amer- 
ica, who set foot upon its soil almost a 
thousand years before Columbus and five 
hundred years before Ericsson. 

Yet in "Steel of Empire," written by 
a historian and scholar, as well as a rail- 
road expert, John Murray Gibbon (Bobbs- 
Merril $3.50) and which is the story of 
Canada's transcontinental railway, be- 
ginning from the last half of the 18th 
century to the completion of that great 
transportation system, this is exactly 
what was found in its first chapter. 
Hui Sien 
After several years of research into 
all known English works on the subject 
of the discovery of North America, this 
Canadian authority declared in his book 
that "America was first discovered from 
abroad by a Chinese Buddhist priest 
named Hui Sien, who crossed the Pacific 
and landed somewhere around what is 
now Vancouver, in 499 A.D." 

According to Chinese history the year 
499 A.D. belongs to the time of the Chi 
(also Tsi) Dynasty, one of the nine 
short lived dynasties of the Epoch of 
South and North. It was barely 100 
years after the famous Chinese Buddhist 
monk, Fa Hsien's pilgrimage to India, 
and a few years previous to the opening 
of trade relations between China and 
India and Ceylon. 

Land of Fusang 
To prove that a Chinese was really the 
first discoverer of North America, the 
author of "Steel of Empire" presents the 
following documentary data: 

In a chapter of the history of the 
Liang Dynasty (502-556 A.D.) this ac- 
count is mentioned of Hui Sien's travel 
to a land called Fusang, which geogra- 
phers and Oriental scholars a thousand 
years later claimed to be the Chinese 
name for America as given by Hui 
Sien: "During the reign of the Tsi 
Dynasty, in the first year of the year- 
naming 'Everlasting Origin' (A. D. 499) 
came a Buddhist priest from this king- 
dom, who bore the cloister name of Hoei- 
schin (or Hui Sien, meaning Universal 
Compassion), to the present district of 
Hukuong; who narrated that Fusang is 
about 20,000 Chinese miles in an east- 



erly direction from Tahan (Alaska) and 
east of the middle kingdom." There 
follows the record of Hui Sien's experi- 
ences in this land, its inhabitants, re- 
sources, customs. His accounts of the 
customs and people of Fusang seem to 
resemble the Mayan or Inca civilizations 
in what is now Mexico and Central 
America. 

Thomas Jefferys — geographer to His 
Majesty, George III — published a map 
in 1761 to illustrate his translation of 
G. Muller's book on Russian exploration 
in the North Pacific, in which the en- 
trance of Vancouver Island and British 
Columbia, discovered in 1592 by Juan 
de Fuca, is marked as the "land which 
is supposed to be the Fusang of the 
Chinese geographers." 

In "Fusang, or the Discovery of Am. 
erica by Chinese Buddhist Priests in the 
5th Century," published by Charles God- 
frey Leland in 1875, which was a resume 
of the opinions of European scholars on 
the subject of Hui Sien, there was an 
English translation of Hui Sien's report 
to the Emperor of his travels. The Euro- 
pean scholars cited in this book identified 
Fusang with Mexico and the inhabitants 
as Aztecs, but could not succeed in prov- 
ing Hui Sien's account as other than a 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 

from 

HONG KONG 
TAVERN 



At 1125 Franklin St., Oakland 

"We Serve the Best Straight Liquors 
and Mixed Drinks in Town" 



-AT THE TAVERN- 



Tom Donlin Jack Burns 

"Open Day and Night" 

Featuring 

Chinese and American Dishes 



Restaurant 

1701-1703 
Seventh St. 



Restaurant 

1121-1123 
Franklin Street 



Tavern 
1125 Franklin St. 



myth. To prove the fact that Hui Sien's 
voyage could have been made without 
any great danger, Leland cited a report 
of a former member of the U. S. North 
Pacific Surveying Expedition, who indi- 
cated that by following the route by way 
of Japan and the Aleutian Islands "that 
the voyage from China to America can 
be made without being out of sight of 
land for more than a few hours at any 
one time." 

Tom Maclnnes' Claim 
Finally, Canadian Author Gibbon 
cited another Canadian author, Tom 
Maclnnes, who, in his book "Chinook 
Days," claimed "that Chinese had visited 
Nootka on the west coast of Vancouver 
Island a thousand years before Columbus 
discovered America". His authority for 
this was Samuel Couling, a celebrated 
Oriental scholar. Hui Sien, a Buddhist 
missionary, appears to have sailed across 
the Pacific in his junk, the Tia Shan, 
about the end of the 5th century, and 
wintered at Nootka, leaving three monks 
there to propagate the gospel of Buddha. 
Time seems to have obliterated this gos- 
pel, but Chinese cash of the Tsi dynasty 
were found by the crew of John Meares' 
brig, the Nootka, in 1786, and may have 
been relics of that ancient visitation. 

Author Maclnnes wrote: "I knew the 
sinalogue Samuel Couling very well, in- 
deed, and I know he was convinced of 
the truth of the records by Hui Sien, and 
he held it highly probable that he would 
have touched on the West Coast of Van- 
couver Island .... In Chapter 54 of 
the History of the Liang Dynasty, refer- 
ence is made to islands outlying from 
the land of Fusang, as one sails to it. 
Now, the coast of California and Wash- 
ington and Oregon, and most of Mexico, 
also, on the Pacific side, is almost naked 
of islands, while the coastal waters of 
the superior land of British Columbia 
are full of them, leading eventually via 
Alaska all the way across to Asia." 

The author of "Steel of Empire" has 
performed an interesting job of histori- 
cal research in an effort to give sufficient 
data to prove that a Chinese Buddhist 
monk was really the very first discoverer 
of America. That Hui Sien visited a 
land called Fusang seems to be more or 
less an established historical fact. But 
was Fusang the land which later came to 
be christened America? On this one 
point rests the Chinese monk's claim as 
America's discoverer. And on this point 
sinologists and Chinese scholars could 
well cooperate to bring about a solution. 



Page 10 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



COM MUNITY WELFARE 



ETHEL LUM 



A Resume of Social Service 

By Jane Kwong Lee 

We immigrant Chinese have estab- 
lished the reputation of being humble, 
industrious, and peace loving. We mind 
our own business and dislike being 
drawn into trouble with any Westerner. 
If others try aggressively to drive us out 
of our jobs, we quietly leave and try to 
dig out something elsewhere. This is 
both our virtue and our weakness. In 
this physical world, where aggressive- 
ness and self-defense are badly needed, 
we lose our battle for livelihood. 
Mere Existence 

In this depression, it is a sad destiny 
for the 2000 Chinese dependent upon 
the public relief agencies. We are thank- 
ful to the government for giving them 
the necessities of life. 

However, would the public like to 
know how we feel? Let me draw an illu- 
stration: There is a family with a father, 
mother, and five small children. The 
father was unemployed for several years 
before he obtained work relief. The 
family is expressively grateful, for they 
are no longer afraid of starvation. Out- 
wardly, the mother appears happy. Yet, 
when I talk with her further, I can sense 
the struggle within her. She cannot bear 
the thought of being on the relief roll. 
Her people in China think she is enjoy- 
ing life here in the "Golden Mountain". 
She dares not inform them about the 
family's sufferings and hardships. If she 
does, she would "lose face". Although 
the relief money is enough to feed and 
clothe the family, it is not sufficient to 
allow for better living quarters than the 
two rooms they now occupy, without a 
private kitchen or a private bath. She 
can afford no heat in the rooms even 
when the children are ill in bed. This 
family is on the bare existence line. As 
in many other cases, at first she felt hu- 
miliated about her surroundings. Later 
on, she got used to it. Now she regards 
relief as a matter-of-fact. 

Dangers of Present Conditions 

This presents a dangerous condition. 
We must help our own people. The gov- 
ernment can provide us with the bare 
necessities of life, but cannot give us the 
real thing which enables us to grow 
spiritually healthy and happy. What is 
this intangible "something"? We cannot 
see it with the crude material eye. It is 
the real core of life, without which, life 
is next to nothing. Furthermore, without 
it, we will create self-destruction. 



The third generation will not grow up 
satisfied with present conditions. With- 
out real and true appreciation of life 
and its appurtenances, these young 
people will follow either of these roads: 
first, they will become pessimistic, care- 
less, and hateful of life — the road of 
race-suicide; second, they will become 
resentful, radical, rebellious, and will re- 
sort to unlawful actions — the road to 
crime. 

Are we going to let the young people 
in relief families follow either of these 
two roads? Or are we going to help them 
avoid these dangers? If we think that 
these people should be trained to love 
and to struggle for a richer life, we 
should try to care for them in addition 
to giving them food, clothing, and 
shelter. 

Social Agencies at Work 

Where can we find a suitable place 
to train them? I dare say it is the Chinese 
Y. W. C. A. and other social agencies. 
The churches can help those religiously 
inclined. The Y. M. C. A. can work with 
boys and men. The relief visitors can 
comfort individuals with kind words. 
The Y. W. C. A. can help all groups. To 
be more exact, I would like to outline 
the program of work in the Y. W. C. A: 

I. Individual service: We are always 
ready to help those who come to ask us 
for personal help. Our employment de- 
partment is every day receiving calls, and 
we are constantly recommending persons 
to fill these positions. We offer our help 
as interpreters for those who visit clinics 
and who are unable to speak English. 

II. Group work: There are clubs and 
classes in which members receive instruc- 
tion and recreation. The Girl Reserve 
Clubs are for the high school students; 
the bridge, sewing, cooking, Chinese, and 
English classes for young people; the 
"965 Club" for girls and young women 
in industry and business. The children's 
group enjoy a good time in play, handi- 
craft, songs, and storytelling. In the near 
future we hope to work with other 
groups in satisfying their recreational 
needs — whether it be the "need" of the 
high school girl to learn tap dancing, 
«»r that of the college graduate who is 
interested in the world's more difficult 
problems. 

All these groups plan their own pro- 
grams within the bounds of the Y. W. 
C. A. purpose. They identify themselves 
with the Association by their willing 
(Continued on Page 14) 



Christmas at the Churches 

During this holiday season, the chur- 
ches of the community are busily pre- 
paring for their Christmas celebrations. 
The following interesting programs, to 
which members and friends are cordially 
invited, have been announced: 

CHINESE BAPTIST CHURCH, 

15 Waverly Place, Dec. 22, 7:00p. m. 

Special program for young people, 
sponsored by Sigma Lamda Society, in- 
cluding a Christmas pageant: "The 
Birth of a King". 



CHINESE CONGREGATIONAL 
CHURCH, 

21 Brenham Place, Dec. 22, 7:30 p. m. 

Carols, recitations, and several short 
plays by the children and young people 
of the Sunday School. 

CHINESE CUMBERLAND CHURCH, 

855 Jackson St. Dec. 24, 7:30 p. m. 

Songs, recitations, by all groups of 
the Sunday School, followed by a pag- 
eant: "Lord of All". 



CHINESE EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

966 Clay St. Dec. 26, 8:00 p. m. 

Christmas songs and dramatization* 
in Chinese and English, under the direc- 
tion of Miss Elizabeth Wu. 



CHINESE INDEPENDENT 
BAPTIST CHURCH. 

981 Washington St. Dec. 16, 
7:30 p. m. 

Charles Dickens "Christmas Carol" 
in Chinese, by members of the Sunday 
School and the Evening English School 
Also songs and recitations. 

CHINESE METHODIST CHURCH. 

720 Washington St Dec 11, 
7:00 p. m. 

Musical numbers and short recitations 
by different departments of Sunday 
School. 2-act play: "Ourselves and 
Others", given by girls of the Intermed- 
iate Department. 

CHINESE PRESBYTERIAN 
CHURCH, 

925 Stockton St. Dec. 20. 7:30 p m 

"Christmas Around the World" — a 

carol service. Musical cantata and other 

musical numbers by young people'' 

choir. 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



FASHIONS 



CLARA CHAN 



A Christmas 
Thought For You 

We have arrived at the season when, 
although our generosity oversteps our 
usual bounds of economy, yet an almost 
selfish, or shall I say self-centered feeling 
compels us to give ourselves "a break" 
for once. In other words, you cannot 
really deny yourself a treat in buying 
one of those new dresses that will give 
you that sparkle in your eye, nor can 
you resist the ravishing hues and new 
lines of the mid-season garbs. 

With Christmas in your mind, and the 
thought that you have absolutely decided 
on "splurging" on yourself, let me sug- 
gest that the dresses of the genre that is 
often described as the "don't dress" 
frocks, also called the dinner frock, 
should be an attractive if not important 
addition to your wardrobe. I have spe- 
cial reference to the increasingly popular 
double-duty costume, which dress design- 
ers have so ingeniously produced. To the 
girl with a limited allowance for clothes, 
this current feature of fashionable ap- 
parel should have a special interest as 
they are an economical asset. 
Double Duty Costume — 

This double-duty jacket costume, is of 
instep length, and if worn with the jack- 
et, will be most suitable for formal lun- 
cheons, bridge or ma jong parties; and, 
of course, for receiving guests who have 
come to say "Merry Christmas." The 
jacket is often found with dolman 
sleeves, either. in peplum or knee length. 
It may have huge elaborated frogs, or 
better still it may be heightened with a 
large ornamental rhinestone bucket, but- 
tons, or metal clips. With the removal of 
the jacket, the dress becomes appropriate 
for cocktails and informal dining. In 
some dresses of this type, an informal 
effect is achieved by a low back. Gener- 
ally, graceful sleeves, and intricate neck- 
lines are favored. A tucked yoke along 
the shoulder that folds over in front into 
big sleeves, or a high neckline with a 
single large clip, are interesting features. 
Some of the prettiest and most holi- 
day in spirit dresses come in one color 
with "eyecatching" attractive flashes 
of another color. Jewels are then worn 
which unite the two colors as closely as 
possible. Combination of colors, well 
chosen, creates a beautiful effect and 
makes the simple cut frocks distinguished 
looking. Although dresses of the mid- 
season are still showing the front full- 
ness, the short jacket costume have slim 
skirts, with the fullness at the bodice. 



Weekly Notes By 
the Fashion Scout 

The Military Trend — 

With the continuous march of the 
mode militaire, square toe and low heels 
are taken up by ultra smart women. 
These little snub-nosed flats not only add 
zest to our military suits and ensembles, 
but are extremely comfortable. They are 
found in suede, patent, and calf. 
Glamour for the Legs — 

With elegant shoes this season, and 
with the introduction of shorter skirts, 
stockings are coming in sheerer and are 
much more decorative this year. One of 
the local shops features some very sheer 
ones with clocks about an inch in width, 
in lovely new tones of deep tan. 
Let's Bundle Up — 

Though mittens and scarfs have al- 
ways reminded me of the snow regions, 
yet these bitingly cold days in our own 
city justifies your bundling up in heavy 
scarfs, and warm woolie mitts. Straight 
from the Highlands are scarfs of the 
softest Shetland wool, and in the plaids 
of famous clans. From the Norse lands 
are hand-knit affairs in gaudy patterns 
and colors. 
New Colors Acquire Chic — 

For street wear, and complementing 
dark costumes, are gloves in saffron-yel- 
low. They are especially smart with black, 
or, if you decide to get gloves to match 
your suit, there are lovely suede gloves 
in green, russet, gray, and navy. 
Fashionably Feminine — 

Utterly feminine blouses are made of 
silk chiffon and silk georgette. Fine tuck- 
ings and pleating on the bodice and 
sleeves, shirred at the neckline, or clever 
folding and draping of line, accented 
with a brilliant clip are the interesting 
details of these blouses. White is the 
smartest color. 



With the knee length jacket, the skirts 
may be graceful and front fullness is 
expressed by unpressed pleats and drapes. 
Crepes, Velvet and Satin — 

Fabrics that are used for these two-in- 
one costumes are crepes, velvet, and satin. 
The new crepe, or matelasse fabric pre- 
dominates. Of course, contrasting fab- 
rics may be used for the jacket and dress, 
and here is where metallic cloths, and 
velvets come in. Another impression 
may be achieved by colors; a new slate 
blue dress, with a metallic jacket; or 
black, which is always a favorite, with a 
rich green or red jacket. 



So You See — 

It's Christmas in the air ! 
Have you noticed what a galaxy of 
gifts our bazaars have displayed? 
Whether you have decided to do 
your Christmas shopping in China- 
town or not, may I suggest that you 
do your packages up in true Chinese 

style? really, they would be so 

attractively different. 

Let us start with the colorful fig 
ured papers. They come in every hue 
imaginable .... just alive with but- 
terflies, dragons, flowers and 

so inexpensive. But, if you want to be 
more conservative, why not try gold 
flecked red, green, or orange? For 
the very conservative, there are the 
solids in any color you may want. 

Instead of the usual green and red 
cords, let us use Chinese paper rib- 
bon or braids .... the silver and 
gold tinsels interwoven into them are 
delightfully gay .... and right on 
top, let us tack one of those pretty 
tassels .... little ones for small pack 
ages and big ones for large packages 
I have a weakness for seals, how 
about you? ... at any rate, one of 
our local bazaars has on display the 
most complete assortment of "stick 
ers" you ever saw. There are lovely 
butterflies in green — rose — blue — and 
orange .... there are cocks with 
real feathers. . . . and you can get 
our Chinese longevity character sou 
in all sizes, too. 

So you see — all you need do is 
"just go round the corner" and you 
have everything needed to dress up 
a package fit for a queen! 

Ying Weii 



For further information regarding 
any of the above mentioned sugges- 
tions, please phone the Chinese 
Digest. 



"ilium* """" ini i i ii iimi ii imi i i i iiiii i im i i i iimi ii Miuil BiiD 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 

THE JADE 

BEAUTY SHOP 

Wishes its Friends and Patrons a 

Merry Christmas and a Happy 

and Prosperous New Year 



luiinuimn in 



iiiiiiiiNiiminiiiiiiiiii 



*Jge 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20. 1935 



POO-POO 

By Bob Poon 



Imagine starting on a long voyage on 
Friday, the 13th! Well, that's what Miss 
Ya Ching Lee is doing. If you don't re- 
member her, she is the intrepid aviatrix 
who suddenly found herself unceremon- 
iously dumped by her plane. She is head- 
ing for China and home, which she left 
about two years ago. Her friends gave 
her an impromptu bon voyage parry 
and a cake on which was written "Bon 
Voyage Ya Ya". 

• • 

Just what is it that Richard (?) has 
that the rest of us haven't? He made the 
G. F. (N.B?) wait for him, and when he 
didn't show up, she went out looking 
for him. My, what a man ! 

• • 

Calling all men . . . calling all men . 
Look out for a certain "Y" secretary's 
wife whenever you spot her going down- 
town with her offspring. This warning 
was given out by one who was comman- 
deered into carrying said child all the 
way down town. To make matters worse, 
she suggested that he wait for her while 
she went shopping. (Don't mind me, 
this is only Poo Poo speaking.) 

• • 

While covering a story at the water- 
front, I saw a liner leaving S. F. A 
thought came to me as I saw everyone 
blowing kisses to his and her 'riends, 
that it would be fun if — 
Blowing kisses were like throwing for- 
ward passes in a football game, namely, 
that they could be intercepted, my, 
wouldn't some people have fun. 



STORY OF CERAMIC ART 

(Continued from Page 6) 
the Han Dynasty, but the handles on the 
earlier neolithic jars are probably hand 
modelled and luted in place. One cala- 
bash-shaped jar has a handle on the neck 
for carrying, and another on the belly 
of the jar for lifting in pouring. 

Some of the handles on these Yang 
Shao period jars are so small they were 
probably used for fastening with rattan 
or leather thongs. Han models of ox 
and cart are made separately — to be 
rigged together with leather straps and 
trappings. We have here early indication 
of the incorporation of non-ceramic 
parts to pottery. 

The Turnette 

The next step is the invention of the 
slow wheel (turnette), which com- 
pletely replaces the coil process and 
hence, the paddle and anvil as well. The 
turnette is a flat, circular rock having 
a post and pivot in the center, typically 
a foot and a half in diameter. A single 
spin will often set the wheel in motion 
for about three minutes. Such a simple 
wheel was used in Japan up to the pre- 
sent time. It was also used in India, 
though more often, the wheel was placed 
in a pit in the ground. In either case the 
potter squats on the ground as he works. 
Many nations claim the wheel as its in- 
vention. It was probably invented about 
six thousand years ago, having been in 
use in Egypt about 3500 B. C. It was in 
use in China during the Yang Shao Per- 
iod, shortly before 3,000 B. C. In study- 
ing primitive pottery one must determine 
whether the ware is mat-wrapped, hand- 
moulded, coil processed or wheeled. The 
wheeled ceramics are identified chiefly 
by its more perfect shape and the pre- 
sence of concentric rings encircling the 
body. Grooved rings invariably suggest 
potter's wheel. 



Tostal Telegraph 



. 



BE DIFFERENT 

Send a Postal Telegram this Christmas and New Year. 
The Postal Telegraph Company offers you a new low rate 
Holiday Greetings Service to anywhere in the United States 
delivered on Christmas or New Years, on attractive blanks 
and envelopes by uniformed messengers. Your choice of 
many prepared messages for only 25c, or a message of your 
own composition, of 15 words or less, for 35c .. . with the cus- 
tomary address and signature free . . . Additional words in 
excess of the 15 words for only a few cents each . . . City mes- 
sages for only 20c. For further information see 
THOMAS LEONG, Manager 
Chinatown Branch Postal Telegraph Company 



It may be said here that up to the 
time of the invention of the slow wheel, 
pottery was made by women, and is pro- 
bably a woman's invention. For some 
obscure reason pottery making is now 
in the hands of the male, and it was the 
men who introduced the wheel. The 
wheel brought about an economy in 
shape — for now chiefly rotunda-shaped 
wares are produced instead of the many 
modelled wares of former times — but 
insures a greater degree of accuracy and 
shortened production time. It is perhaps 
the first attempt at mass production, and 
like all industrial revolutions, there is 
an insurption of the opposite sex! 
Potter's Wheel 

The true potter's wheel follow- 
ed the turnette. It is merely the addition 
of a secondary wheel below the main 
wheel. A Han Dynasty wine jar inverted 
on top of a turnette practically produces 
a potter's wheel, with the base of the 
wine jar serving as the table. The im- 
proved wheel brought about greater sta- 
bility and also enabled the foot to oper- 
ate the lower wheel, thus freeing the 
hands completely. The potter stands as 
he operates. 

Glazes were found in use in Egypt 
about 5,000 B. C. (the pre-historic 
Badain Period) and in Mesopotamia 
about the same time (Anti-dtlluvtal 
Period). It did not appear in China till 
a very late period, the Han Dynasty. 
A thousand years after its appearance 
the glaze was made to stand on its own 
feet — as glass (in Egypt, about 4,000 
B. C. ) . Glass was introduced into China 
during the Han Dynasty, but recent ex- 
cavations brought about the surprising 
discovery that a very superior grade of 
glass was already in use in China more 
than a thousand years before its re-intro- 
duction. 

We see from the above sketch how all 
the important steps in the production 
of ceramics were evolved before the 
Christian Era. (Errata: In last week's 
article, the Chinese name for shard Ml 
spelled "surd" by mistake; it should be 
"sui" (shard). The equivalent of pot- 
sherd is "wa sui ") . 

(Next week: The Firing Process.) 

Copyrighted, Chingwah Le* 
• • 

The San Francisco Chinese Bible 
Class, under the leadership of Misses 
Alice Lan and Betty Hu, will hold its 
tenth and final meeting on Saturday. * 

December 21, 7:30 p. m., at the Presby- 
terian Mission Home. Children and 
adults from the different churches have 
attended this course with a great deal of 
interest, as is readily seen in the attend- 
ance records. 



December 20, 1935 



CHINE S E D I C EST 



Page \i 



SPORTS 




Young Chinese Teams to 
Start Practice 

Oakland's Young Chinese A. C. will 
hold its first basketball practice of the 
season on Dec. 23. The team this year 
lacks weight and height and is greatly 
weakened by the loss of several star per- 
formers, it is reported. Dave Lem and 
Louis Hong, former Technical Hi stars, 
will be missing from the squad, as Hong 
has gone to China, while Lem is study- 
ing aviation in Glendale. Herbert Louie, 
another mainstay of the past several 
years, is now playing for the Nulite 
Club in San Francisco. 

Despite such dark outlooks, the 
Young Chinese teams are hopeful for 
another successful year, expecting to 
capitalize on its fast breaking offence. A 
series of out-of-town contests will start 
the season for them. A double-header is 
scheduled for Dec. 29 when the team 
meets the San Jose Chinese Students' 
Club and the Agun A. C. of Irvington. 
The Senior team is expecting to be en- 
tered in the East Bay League, while the 
Junior squad will probably enter the All- 
Nations League in January. 

Players on the team this year are: Key 
Chinn, Edwin Chan, George Chan, Ro- 
bert Chow, Hector Eng, Shing Lew Ar- 
thur Lee and Arthur Tom. 

• • 

GEORGIE LEE, BOXER, MANAGER 

We received news from the north that 
Georgie Lee, former Chinese prize- 
fighter, is now working at the State 
Printing Office at Sacramento. 

His active days in the ring over, 
George is still very much interested in 
boxing. He is managing several fighters, 
one of whom has shown promises of 
making good, a 138 pound slinger by 
the name of Roxie Marvel. 

Georgie, who is now 35 years of age, 
fought for more than ten years and was 
widely recognized as the flyweight and 
bantam-weight Chinese champion, be- 
sides being a contender for the world's 
titles at those weights. He fought several 
champions during his career, Pete Her- 
man, Johnny Buff, Pancho Villa, Young 
Corbett, Frankie Klick, and other top- 
notchers. 



• Fred George Woo — — __ 

Second Round of 
League Games 

Nulite A. C. battles the Troop Three 
Scout Juniors, while Shangtai takes on 
the Chi-Fornians this Sunday afternoon 
at the French Court in the Wah Ying 
tournament's second week of play. 

The main event, the affair of the 
Nulite-Scout Juniors, should be a pip of 
a contest. Both teams are evenly matched 
and equally balanced as to height and 
weight. Whatever edge there is should 
go to the Nulites, as they are more ex- 
perienced cagemen. However, the Jun- 
iors are much faster, and they may out- 
endure the Nulite team to win. 

Nulite's starting line-up may be as 
follows: forwards, Jue and Ho; center, 
Wong; guards, Louie and Gee. No pos- 
sible line-up has been named by the 
Junior Scout team yet. 

First game of the afternoon, sche- 
duled for 1 P. M. may be a very good 
or a drab fray. Shangtai rules a top- 
favorite to down the Chi-Fornian team, 
defeated easily in their last appearance 
by the Nanwah A. C. Unless the Chi- 
Fornians turn over a complete reversal 
of their previous form, it will be one of 
those things that happen. Reports are 
having it that they intend to vindicate 
themselves, however, at the expense of 
the great Shangtai five. 

Last Week's Results 
Results of last week's two contests: 
Scout Seniors 38, Nulite 21; Shangtai 
50, Scout Juniors 24. These two games 
came out true to form. As predicted, the 
Nulite A. C. gave the Scout Seniors a 
hard fight, as the Scouts were harder- 
pressed to win than the final score indi- 
cated. For three quarters of the game, 
the Nulites battled on almost even terms 
with their conquerors. 

It was not until the last five minutes 
that the Seniors sank several buckets to 
clinch the contest. Earl Wong and Hin 
Chin, with eleven and ten points, respec- 
tively, starred for the Scouts, while Jue 
was Nulite's high scorer, getting six 
digits. Dan Leong and Howard Ho also 
played well for the losers. 

Shangtai was given a hard battle in 
the first half, leading by a scant 18-10 
tally at half. However, they ran away in 
the second half. Outplayed and out- 
classed, but not out-fought, the Scout 
Juniors put up a valiant battle against a 
much heavier team. Gerald Leong, Char- 
lie Hing, and Fred Wong were Shang- 
tai's mainstays. Al Young and Fred 
Wong, Frank's kid brother, were the 
best for the Juniors. 



Baseball Personalities 

Wa Sung Athletic Club of Oakland 
recently completed its tenth consecutive 
season in organized baseball, playing all 
the strong American nines around the 
Bay Region. This year, the Wa Sung 
nine finished among the leaders in the 
Berkeley International League. 

Infrequently, a locality boasts of a 
Chinese baseball player on a high school 
team. However, a number of the Wa 
Sung team have performed on the East 
Bay prep squads. 

Coached by Tutor AI Hu, a high 
salaried pitcher in his prime, Wa Sung 
has a strong, experienced aggregation 
widely known for its good sportsmanship. 
Following are brief sketches of the team 
personnel: Gerald Chan is the athletic 
manager and catcher. Chan lives for 
only two things: baseball and more base- 
ball. He eats, sleeps, thinks, and talks 
baseball at all times. 

Al Bowen, pitcher, catcher, first base- 
man, proud father, and what have you,, 
is one of Wa Sung's most valuable men. 
The ace flinger of the club, Al compiled 
the second highest batting average in 
league contests. A few years ago, he- 
played on the Oakland Pacific Coast 
League team. 

George Bowen, the second baseman 
and who also catches, is the cleanup man 
in the batting order. Enuf sed! 

The shortstop who answers to the- 
name of Fey Chinn is a diminutive man 
but a spectacular player who is a natural 
crowd-pleaser. Fast, brainy, and a tough 
hitter for opposing pitchers, Chinn is 
one of the best on the team when it 
comes to baseslides. He was an All-City 
second baseman at McCIymonds High. 

Another product of the high school 
varsities is Henrye Bowen, the first 
sacker and also a twirler. Henrye is a 
southpaw and coach of the Wa Sung 
Midgets. 

Note: More interesting sketches about 
the Wa Sung national pastimers will be 
given next week. 



SCOUTS WIN AGAIN 

Continuing its winning streak, the 
Troop Three Scout Seniors scored an 
easy victory over a Balboa district bas- 
ketball team at the high school gym last 
week, by the tally of 59-47. Half-time 
score favored the Chinese, 37-12, and 
gave Coach Don Lee an opportunity to 
use his entire squad, down to the third 
team. 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



SPORTS 



ST. MARYS A. C. 

Another Chinatown athletic club, 
boasting a charter enrollment of 70 
members, who range from 10 to 25 
years of age, will be officially launched 
in a few days. The name of this newcom- 
er in organized sports is St. Mary's A. C. 
and the inauguration will take place 
Sunday, Dec. 22, at its headquarters in 
the Catholic Chinese Social Center. 

This new club is being sponsored by 
the Chinese Catholic Young Men's Asso- 
ciation, which appoints the club's exe- 
cutive officers. The announced purpose 
of this club is to enroll Catholic boys and 
to give them full advantages in such com- 
petitive sports as basketball, volleyball, 
boxing, swimming, and kindred sports 
which are calculated to be of benefit to 
every active boy. Although the club is a 
Catholic organization, it will welcome 
non-Catholic boys into its ranks, pro- 
vided they comply with the club's rules. 

Officers of the club announced that 
the services of a basketball coach from 
the U. S. F. and a boxing instructor from 
the Olympic Club have been secured and 
that preparations are being made to 
start the club's activities with the New 
Year. 

The Chinese Catholic Y. M. A. has 
appointed John Chinn as chairman of 
its athletic committee, and Harry Woo 
as its treasurer. These two, with several 
others, will act as the governing body of 
the St. Mary's Athletic Club. 

• • 

Shangtai's basketball team suffered 
another defeat when it lost to Polytech- 
nic Evening High School last week, by 
the score of 56-51. 

• • 

Fred Wong, who plays forward on 
the Shangtai casaba team, is one of the 
veterans who is out to make the Poly 
High School Varsity five next spring. 
Last season, Fred was a capable reserve 
and we expect him to be a regular for 
his team in the next A. A. A. race. 

• • 

Richard Wong is another Chinese boy 
of Poly who is out for basketball. Rich- 
ard, former outstanding athlete of Fair- 
field Union Hi, is trying out for the 130 
pound squad. 

• • 

There are two Chinese boys who are 
on the 130 pound basketball team of 
the San Rafael High School. They are 
Ed Chong and Stanley Lee, who played 
a strong game against the North Bay 
Chinese lightweights last week. 



LOWA-SCOUTS TO PLAY 

A colorful intersectional basketball 
game will be offered to local fans this 
Sunday evening when the Troop 3 Scout 
Varsity meets the strong Lowa Athletic 
Club of Los Angeles at the French Court, 
with a preliminary scheduled to start at 
7:30 p. m. 

Sport enthusiasts around the Bay Re- 
gion have known the Scouts' strength for 
the past several years. But Lowa is prac- 
tically unknown in these parts. So here's 
some highlights regarding that club: Last 
season Lowa won two championships, the 
Carnival League and Division 2 Athletic 
Club League titles. So far this season 
the Lowas have won nine games and lost 
one in the city round-robin league. Be- 
sides the game with the Scouts, Lowa 
may have a contest on the 23rd with an- 
other strong local club. 

Manager of the team is Taft K. 
Cheung. A possible starting lineup is 
named as follows: forwards, Richard 
Hong and Ken Ung; center, Capt. 
George Tong; guards, George Lee and 
Donald Sue. Remainder of the squad: 
Ben Ho, Don Quon, Chuck Chan, Ted 
Ung, Ray Wong and Vic Wong. 



THE FOLLOWING STORES 

CARRY THE 

CHINESE DIGEST: 

FAT MING COMPANY 
Books and Stationery 
905 Grant Avenue 

• 

SERVICE SUPPLY COMPANY 
Chinese and English Books 
Magazines 
831 Grant Ave. 

• 
CRESCENT PHARMACY 
Drugs and Cosmetics 
Fountain Service 
1101 Powell St. 

* 

UNIQUE MAGAZINE SHOP 
Magazines and Papers 
681 Jackson Street 

Other Agencies to Be 
Announced Later 



A RESUME OF SOCIAL SERVICE 

(Continued from Page 10) 
participation in the efforts to realize the 
purpose of a richer life for all people. 

III. Community programs: Even 
though the Y. W. C. A. is primarily for 
young people, we realize that the Chi- 
nese Community needs a center to which 
all groups of people can go. Therefore, 
there are programs arranged for this 
purpose. The building is available for 
the use of any group provided general 
interests of the whole community are re- 
garded. 

IV. Recreation center: The building is 
open to all girls and women from 10:00 
A. M. to 10:00 P. M. They can enjoy 
basketball, badminton, and other sports 
here. The health education department 
instructs members in the rules of good 
health. All who come in should feel at 
home in the Y. W. C. A., which is main- 
tained for physical and spiritual health. 

All for a Richer Life 
Within the framework of this pro- 
gram, the secretaries of the Y. W. C. A., 
with the approval of the committee of 
management and the board of directors, 
try to meet the needs of the community. 
However, without the cooperation of the 
workers at large, we can do nothing. 

Every agency has its particular func- 
tion, and we hope to merge our efforts 
with others in helping individuals find 
that "something" which enables them to 
grow spiritually and intellectually for a 
better future. 

• • 

CHINESE DISCOVERIES 

(Continued from Page 6) 
metal in general because the general 
term for metal is chien (gold). Iron was 
shipped to Rome during the Han Dy- 
nasty. That, however, was not because 
the Romans had no iron (they received 
the iron status from the Etruscans about 
1100 B. C), but because Chinese iron 
and steel were very superior at that time. 
Han iron utensils, as displayed in many 
Western museums today, have a surpris- 
ingly modern and "mechanistic" style. 
(Next week: The Chinese Brought the 
Playing Cards to Europe.) 



Excellent Meals 

UNSURPASSED IN CHINATOWN 

Famous Dinner* sers-ed in regular 

Chinese Stvle at Reasonable Rat^a 

Also Wines and Liquors 

TAO YUAN RESTAURANT 

82 » CLAY STREFT 
Between Grant and Stockton 



December 20, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 15 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



PROMINENT PASSENGERS 

Among the passengers who arrived 
this week on the President Coolidge were 
the Misses Rosamonde and Jeanette 
Kung, daughters of Dr. H. H. Kung, 
Minister of Finance and one of the 
most prominent men in the Chinese 
Government. They are enroute to Talla- 
hassee, Florida, to enter the State 
Teacher's College there. 

CHINA 'MAIL 

Ships arriving from China: 

President Jackson (Seattle) 
Dec. 24; President Wilson (San Fran- 
cisco) Jan. 7; President Hoover (San 
Francisco) Jan. 15; President Lincoln 
(San Francisco) Feb. 4; President Taft 
(San Francisco) Feb. 12; President 
Cleveland (San Francisco) Mar. 3. 
Ships leaving for China: 

President Monroe (San Fran- 
cisco) Dec. 20; President Coolidge (San 
Francisco) Dec. 27; President Van 
Buren (San Francisco) Jan. 3; Presi- 
dent Garfield (San Francisco) Jan. 17; 
President Hoover (San Francisco) Jan. 
24; President Polk (San Francisco) 
Jan. 31. 



Also among the prominent passengers 
was Mr. Chan Sze-toa, Chinese Vice- 
Consul stationed at Ottawa, Canada, 
passing through San Francisco to Otto, 
wa. 

Colonel Theodore Kong Ching, con- 
nected with the Pan-American Airways 
sailed last Friday to Honolulu, where he 
will join the "China Clipper" as a pass- 
enger to Macao on its first trip to China. 
• • 



SEASON'S CREETINCS 

NEW 

CENTURY 

BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Manufacturers of 

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Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 



820 Pacific St. 



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THE THOUGHTFUL GIFT 

Are you wondering what you will give HIM, HER or THEM 
for Christmas? Then, may we suggest a gift which will not only 
give the recipient a wealth of enjoyable reading, but also serve as 
a weekly reminder of YOU throughout the year? 

It will be educational, stimulating, and chock full of every- 
day news of interest, 

The CHINESE DIGEST is THE Thoughtful Gift. 

EIGHT MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 

THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Enclosed please find the sum of (dollars) for 

which send your special gift offer for eight months' sub- 
scription to 



NAME __ 

ADDRESS 

CITY 

SENDER'S NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY — 

SENDER'S NAME 

ADDRESS 

CITY 



STATE 



STATE 



STATE 



STATE 



With the first issue of each gift offer the CHINESE DIGEST will enclose a 
Christmas card with the name of the sender. This offer expires December 20. 



DIRECTORY OF CHINESE 
BAZAARS 



CITY OF HANKOW, 

406 Grant Avenue — 

Antiques, silk, tea, ginger, gifts 
SUEY CHONG COMPANY, 
5 1 5 Grant Avenue — 

Slippers, pajamas, antiques. 
CHINESE ART SHOP, 
444 Grant Avenue — 

Garments, jewelry, gifts. 
PEKING BAZAAR, 
458 Grant Avenue — 

Decorative art, furniture, gifts 
KWONG TUNG BAZAAR 
528 Grant Avenue 

Curios, novelties, ornaments. 
CHINA MERCANTILE CO. 

543 Grant Avenue — 
Silk goods, souvenirs, curios. 

CHINA TRADING COMPANY 
531 Grant Avenue — 

Porcelain, tableware, gifts. 
KWONG SANG COMPANY 
540 Grant Avenue — 

Art goods, prizes, pajamas. 
GUMLING COMPANY, 

544 Grant Avenue — 
Robes, silk goods, decorations 

FOOCHOW COMPANY, 
550 Grant Avenue — 

Curios, novelties, souvenirs. 
TIENTSIN BAZAAR, 
564 Grant Avenue — 

Baskets, rattan and wickerwork. 
SING CHONG BAZAAR, 
601 Grant Avenue — 

Ceramics, cloissonne, silk, gift 
CANTON BAZAAR, 
6 1 6 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, chests, vases, bronzes. 
SHANGHAI BAZAAR, 
645 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaiware, curios, novelties 
WAH SANG LUNG, 
667 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, antiques, ivory goods 
CHINA-WARE SHOP, 
700 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaware, curios, confections. 
W. YOUNG COMPANY, 
843 Grant Avenue — 
Brassware, rattanware. 
CHEW CHONG TAI, 
905 Grant Avenue — 

Silk hangings, robes, slippers 
THE BOWL SHOP, 
953 Grant Avenue — 

Porcelain, slippers, curios, gifts. 
TAI CHONG COMPANY, 
743 Jackson Street — 

Jewelry, art objects, embroidery. 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 20, 1935 



^ 



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WOMEN'S 

SHEER CHIFFON 

CLOCKED 

STOCKINGS 

$135 



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3 pairs for $3.90 

Sheer beauty for Her Christ- 
mas. A famous Gotham 
Gold Stripe stocking.. sheer 
chiffon with a lovely open- 
work clock. 




RooaBro^ 



SAN FRANCISCO • OAKLAND • HOLLYWOOD 
FRESNO • BERKELEY . SAN JOSE • PALO ALTO 



The ROOS Label adds value to the Gift 






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<->A WEEKLY MM.ICOTIO* 




W£WS - SPOftTS - SOCIAL - COMMCHTu 

feus lueswwios'opw- uteris uce-TsuvvetC .-h 



Vol. 1, No. 7 



December 27, 1935 



Five Cents 




NEWS ABOUT CHINA jg^J 



JAPANESE EXPANSION HITS MONGOLIA 
By Tsu Pan 

North China secured a breathing spell from Japan- 
ese aggression last week with the establishment of the 
Hopei Chahar Political Council under Japanese 
influence. 

The semi-autonomous government of the provinces 
of Hopei and Chahar was formally inaugurated on 
December 20. Seventeen members were appointed by 
the Nanking government, most of them notably pro- 
Japanese, to administer the affairs of the provinces. 
General Sung Cheh-yuan, chairman of the political 
council, announced in his inauguration speech that 
friendly relations must be maintained between the 
council and Japan. Fearing opposition from local 
civilians and student groups, the inauguration service 
took place secretly early in the morning. 

While tension in North China was temporarily sus- 
pended, the scene of Japanese activities had shifted 
from the Hopei Chahar region to Outer Mongolia. 

A dispatch from Ulan Bator, Mongolia, reported 
that a contingent of Japanese and "Manchukuan" 
troops had invaded Mongolian territory on December 
20. A short skirmish took place in which one Mongolian 
officer and five soldiers were killed. The incident was 
considered of grave importance in Ulan Bator, due to 
the recent report of a Japanese threat to occupy Mon- 
golian territory. The Ulan Bator region borders the 
Japanese dominated "Manchukuo", and its occupation 
would carry a threat to the all important Trans-Siber- 
ian railways. 

A dispatch from Khabarovsk, Russia, reported that 
the Japanese army in "Manchukuo" was studying a 
plan for the invasion of Outer Mongolia. Proponents 
of the plan were said to be urging the Japanese gov- 
ernment to carry, it out immediately even if it should 
brihg war with Soviet Russia. The Ulan Bator incident 
was merely a test attack, according to a Soviet report. 

Outer Mongolia, nominally under the jurisdiction 
of China, had since many years a^o formed the so- 
called Mongolian People's Republic (Soviet style). 
A co-iflict between Outer Mongolia and "Manchukuo ' 
will ultimately mean comolications between Japan and 

Russia. The Mongolian Prime Minister and War secre- 



TANG YU JEN ASSASSINATED 

Shanghai, Dec. 25 — "Traitor", "Country-selling 
crook!" With these words three youthful Chinese sent 
eight bullets into Tang Yu Jen just as he was leaving 
his cab to enter his hotel in the French Concession in 
Shanghai. Tang died instantly. The three assassins 
escaped. 

Tang Yu Jen was Vice-Minister of the Wei Chaio 
Po (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) till a month ago 
when his chief, Wang Ching-wei was seriously wounded. 
According to custom, he also handed in his resignation 
when his chief resigned. He had been retained by Nan- 
king for various assignments because of his knowledge 
of the Japanese language and of Japanese affairs. He 
received his education in Japan and was said to have 
many friends in Japanese diplomatic circles. He 
was sent by Nanking to Shanghai two days ago to confer 
with Major General Rensuke Isogai, who was stationed 
at Shanghai. It was claimed that in this interview he 
had given valuable information to the Japanese. 

It was believed that his departure from Shanghai 
Tuesday was wired to Shanghai members of a secret 
patriotic organization whose members have taken the 
"blood oath" to stamp out pro-Japanese officials. The 
members are mostly composed of well educated sons 
of wealthy families. The Shanghai members are said 
to be mostly of men who had lost relatives during the 
last Japanese invasion of Shanghai in 1931. 



tary are now in Moscow to confer with Soviet authori- 
ties regarding the Mongolian situation. 

In Tokio, the enthusiasm of military expansionists 
reached a new height when, on December 20, Japanese 
war representatives, in conference with members of the 
Diet, urged the necessity of bigger army appropria- 
tions. The following day, Emperor Hirohito sanctioned 
"the elevation of General Shigeru Honjo, General Sado 
Araki and Admiral Mineo Osumi to the rank of barons 
for their part in the Manchuria conquest and Shang- 
hai conflict in 1931-1932. General Honjo was comman- 
der of the Japanese army in Manchuria in 1931 and 
General Araki and Admiral Osumi took part in the 
Sino-Japanese conflict in Shanghai in 1932. 



Page 2 






CHINESE D I C EST 



December 27, 1935 



FAR EAST 






Novelist Admires 
Chinese Women 

Because Chinese women dres» pretty 
much alike, from their headgears to their 
footwear, this gives them dignity and 
poise. On the other hand, American 
women as a whole have no uniformity of 
dress, which destroys poise and is not 
conducive to dignity. 

This is the opinion of Kathleen Norris- 
popular American novelist and former 
San Francisco newspaperwoman, now 
touring the Far Hast. Her opinion was 
expressed while she was in Peiping, 
where she sojourned one week, and where 
she was interviewed in the midst of her 
work on her sixty-second novel. 

Discoursing on the point that American 
women lack uniformity of dress, Mrs. 
Norris said that while one will have a 
train three feet long trailing the floor be- 
hind her, another may be wrapped in a 
high collar which obscures half of her 
face; a third may sport a low neck, while 
a fourth may have on a short skirt which 
barely touches the knees. In Mrs. Norris' 
opinion, this variety and differences in 
dress hardly makes for dignity. 

Mrs. Norris likes Peiping, and was 
eager to say so. "Peiping's air is easy to 
breathe, like that of San Francisco," she 
said. 

Asked whether she contemplates writ- 
ing a novel with a Chinese background 
the California writer said, "I wouldn't 
try to write a novel on Chinese life unless 
I had lived in China at least five years." 



MALKASON 

MOTOR COMPANY 

• 

OLDSMOBILE 
Mission Dealer 

See us before you buy 
your new Oldsmobile. 

"It will pay you well." 



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San Francisco California 

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Roy Service Dies 

Roy Service '02, of the University of 
California, died in China last month of 
sclerosis of the liver. For years he had 
served as Secretary of the International 
Committee of the Y.M.C.A., carrying on 
recreational and educational work in 
far-away Chengtu, Szechuan province. 
When he first set out for his post, sedan 
chairs and donkeys were his xrhief means 
of transportation. Being himself a star 
varsity track man he has trained several 
youths for the Far Eastern Olympic Field 
Meet. 

While in China he made a hobby of 
collecting Tibetian objects, and his large 
collection was on display at the De Young 
Museum last year. 

His missionary work in China received 
the enthusiastic support of the University 
Y.M.C.A., which periodically sponsored 
a ''Roy Service Campaign" to raise funds 
for his work. This campaign always re- 
ceived the support of the campus. Roy 
Service is survived by Mrs. Service and 
three sons, all living in China. 

• • 

Margaret Hu Dies 

Word is received that Miss Margaret 
Hu, 22, died of tuberculosis in her na- 
tive Province of Fukien three months 
ago. 

Miss Hu came to the United States 
two years ago to study at U.S.C., and 
while a student, built a tremendous im- 
port business in the south, chiefly selling 
embroideries and textile from her moth- 
er's factory. She was in constant de- 
mand by department stores as a designer 
and demonstrator. Ill in health, she re- 
turned to China in August, 1934. 

• • 

Swatow, China — Villagers in Mej- 
hsien and surrounding districts have 
been terrorized by tigers and other wild 
beasts prowling at night searching for 
food. Inhabitants have been so fearful 
of being eaten alive that many dare not 
leave their homes after dusk. The wild 
animals have been driven from their 
mountain haunts by the Communists 
seeking safety. 

• • 

Scores of Chinese families were periled 
when fire broke out at a photographer's 
studio at 651 Kearny Street last Monday 
evening. The entihe studio was destroyed 
before firemen brought the flames under 
control, and prevented the entire neigh- 
borhood from being endangered. 



SZECHUAN QUAKES SEVERE 

A gigantic earthquake shook the south- 
ern mountainous section of Szechuan, 
destroying entire villages and killing 
thousands. The quake occurred Dec. 18, 
but word was not received in Canton 
till a week later. 

Situated on top of high mountains 
and tablelands are villages of Lolos-^ 
aborigines remotely related to the Malays, 
quite different from the Chinese in ap- 
pearance, custom and manner. They 
have a tribal form of government. Un- 
able to compete with the Chinese they 
had retreated to the mountain fastness 
centuries agb, and they live is mesas 
much as the Pueblo Indians of Arizona 
do today. The earthquake tumbled manv 
of these villages out of existence. 

From Chengtu, the Provincial Capi- 
tal, committees were organized to render 
aid to the unfortunates. Their progress 
was hindered because roads and land- 
marks were destroyed, and certain rivers 
no longer navigable. 

The quake was of such intensity that 
although it centered in the south, it could 
be felt in the north. 

• • 

He returned home one evening from 
a long day with the Chinatown squad 
and walked up to his house, very tired. 
He tapped gently on the bedroom win- 
dow. 

"Who's there?" his wife asked. 

"It's James, honey,' he replied. 

"Oh, no, it isn't," said the wife "and 
if you dont get away from that window 
at once, I'll shoot." 

James walked away and joined some 
of the boys for a drink. They were a 
congenial crew, and the "cup that cheers" 
was passed many times before James de- 
cided to return home again. This time 
he ran up at full gallop, let out an Indian 
war whoop, jumped over the picket 
fence, fell onto the front porch with a 
tremendous bang. His wife's voice 
floated out from the bedroom, "Is that 
you, Jimmie?" 

<?C>^»-«S3^ tfCsw«-^r5 e£s*J&^FS CZ. 
You Are Cordially Invited lo VMl the 

INDIA CHINA TRADING CO S STORE 
At 445 GRANT AVBNTJB 

San Francftco'a Chinatown 

ind Srlrri Gift* from India. China and 

other Oriental Countries 

G. R. Channon. Manager 



December 27, 1935 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



CHINATOWN I A 



Young Leaves for 

C. S. C. A* Convention 

As chairman of the Western Depart- 
ment of the Chinese Students' Christian 
Alliance and first vice-president of the 
central executive board, Victor C. Young 
has been selected to represent the pacific 
coast and Hawaii students at the C. S. 
C. A. central executive board meeting at 
Indianapolis, Indiana, on Dec. 27. After 
the meet, Victor will .join the Chinese 
student delegation to the Quadriennial 
Student Volunteer Movement Conven- 
tion. This conclave will bring together 
students from all parts of the world for 
discussions, forums and international 
fellowship. The convention will be head- 
ed b/j Dr. T. Z. Koo, The Archbishop 
of York, Dr. K. S. Latourette and Dr. 
Toyohiko Kawaga, and will be held from 
Dec. 28 to Jan. 1 at Indianapolis. 

The representation of Chinese stu- 
dents west of the Rockies at this signifi- 
cant meeting was made possible through 
the efforts of T. Y. Tang, Lim P. Lee, 
Dr. Theodore C. Lee, Ira Lee, Charles 
Chao, and Rev. Albert Lau, and by the 
response of the C. S. C. A., Los Angeles 
and Peninsula units, the Chinese Y. M. 
C. A., the Chinese Young Peoples' 
Fellowship Union, the Sunday Morning 
Breakfast Club, Sigma Lambda, Chinese 
Baptist Church, Bay Cities Baptist 
Home Missions Board, University of 
California Calvin Club, First Presbyter- 
ian Church of Berkeley, and Berkeley 
Westminister House. , 

• • 

"Doc" Lee on Institute Board 

The International Institute announces 
the election of Dr. Theodore C. Lee to 
the board of directors. Dr. Lee is the 
first and only Chinese to receive this 
honor. The board is composed of eight 
members, headed by Mr. Frank M. 
Harris, of the Engineering Department 
of the Pacific Gas and Electric Co. 

The organization is established for 
service and convenience to foreign-born 
people. 

Dr. Lee has stated that his aim is to 
establish a Chinese Department within 
the Institute. A present the Inernational 
Institue has Swedish, Russian, German, 
Greek, Spanish, and Polish deparments. 

• • 

A daughter was horn on Dec. 15 to 
the wife of Richard K. Loo, 649 Kearny 
Street, San Francisco. 



Cathay Club's New 
Year's Eve Dance 

Cathay Club, Inc. announced that one 
New Year's Eve Dance will be a five- 
tube table model radio donated by 
Thomas Tong of the Golden Star Radio 
Co. The whole array o prizes is on 
display at Mow Wo and Dere Hardware 
Co. on Grant Avenue. 

"Co-operating with the Chinese Digest 
to further its aims and principles of 
greater opportunities for the San Fran- 
cisco Chinese, the Cathay Club has de- 
cided to make this an all-Chinese event 
by engaging the Chinatown Knights Or- 
chestra", the Club announced. 

The dance is to be held Tuesday night 
at the Trianon Ballroom, 1268 Sutter 
Street, San Francisco, from 9 p. m. to 
2 a. m. 

New Orleans News 

Word received from New Orleans, 
Louisiana, have it that the Chin Bing 
family is doing very nicely down South. 
Elsie Chin Bing has been employed for 
the past five years in a private library 
as secretary. Allan is secretary to the 
Y. M. C. A. Boys' Director. David and 
Stanley are at college. Incidentally. Da- 
vid was captain of his high school basket- 
ball team which won the city prep 
championship. He also holds the broad- 
jump record of 2I'-10". 

Here's some news heretofore unpub- 
lished: Senator Huey Long (before his 
assassination) remarked in one of his 
radio addresses, "Down at L. S. U. we 
have a Chinese student (Stanley) who 
is our best trumpet player. This boy is 
graduating, but I am going to see his 
professors and see if we can't keep him 
from graduating so that we can have him 
in our band next year." 
• • 



CANTON LOW 

CHOP SUEY AND NOODLES 
Tray Service at All Hours 

LUNCHEON AND DINNER 

708 GRANT AVE. CHina 0780 

San Francisco California 



Sole Chinese Civil 
War Veteran Dies 

A 92-year-old Chinese died recently 
in Pierre, South Dakota. His name was 
Edward Day May Cahota; and, accord- 
ing to many of his neighbors who had 
known him for several decades, was said 
to be the only Chinese who served in the 
Union army during the American civil 
war. . 

There is no record of where Cahota 
was born, but he was said to have com* 
to this country at the age of four, in 
1847 — the same year that the first Chi- 
nese student, Yung Wing, came to study 
in this country — in the company of the 
captain of a trading ship. He remained 
with the family of this captain until his 
twenty-first birthday, when he enlisted in 
the Union army in 1864. 

At the close of the civil war Cahota 
was honorably discharged from the army. 
However, he enlisted again and (erred 
the regular army for several years. 

Cahota married a woman of Norweg- 
ian descent, who died while he was sta- 
tioned in Nebraska, leaving several chil- 
dren to his care. It was in the home of 

one of his daughters that Cahota died. 

• • 

Chinese Edits High School Newspaper 

Although he has been in the United 
States but six years, Edwin Louie, 17, of 
Los Angeles, showed such proficiency in 
the writing of English that, recently, his 
school, Polytechnic High, elected him as 
the editor-in-chief of their school jour- 
nal the Polly Optimist. 

This young Chinese, in assuming the 
editorship, has the job of directing a 
staff of fifteen assistants and about 75 
reporters. 

Edwin likes journalism and has ambi-l 
tions of returning to China and bring-, 
ing the standard of American journalism 
into the newspapers there. 

• • 

MRS. TOM RECOVERS 

Mrs. Ruth Tom, who suffered a severe 
eye cut from shattered glass last week in 
an auto accident at Jackson Street below 
Grant Avenue, is reported as recovering. 
She was treated at the Emergency Hos- 
pital, where she was taken by Arthur 
Dick. 



Page 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 27, 1935 



CHINATOWNIA 



CHINESE DICEST 

WISHES YOU 
A HAPPY NEW YEAR 



C D. A. JUNIORS INITIATION 

Twelve Catholic girls became full- 
fledged juniors of the Court Our Lady 
of China branch of the Catholic 
Daughters of America last Sunday after- 
noon when they were initiated into the 
organization. The ceremonies were held 
in the club's assembly in the Catholic 
Chinese Social Center. 

Rev. George W. P. Johnson, chaplain 
of the organization, presided at the cere- 
monies. The new junior members initi- 
ated were: Barbara Yew, Wawona Tang, 
Patricia Yee, Anna Chew, Emily Jung, 
Emily Wong, Frances Leong, Lily Chin, 
Mary Gee, Catherine Fong, Agnes Chew, 
and Mable Lew. 

• • 

U. C. STUDENT ELECTIONS 

At a recent meeting of the Chinese 
Students Club of the University of Cali- 
fornia, the following members were 
elected officers for the ensuing year: 
President, William Jung; vice-president, 
Ruby Yuke; English secretary, Jean 
Lym; treasurer, Victor Young; Chinese 
secretary, Henry Soon; auditor, Grace 
Lowe. 

• • 

A daughter was born on Dec. 15 to 
the wife of Sai Loy, 120 Trenton St., 
San Francisco. 



BEN CHE Y 




"Drive 


in your 


old car 


and Drive out 




in a 


1936 Ford' 






AUTO 


REPAIR 


SHOP 




"25 Pacific St. 

1 j 




GAr. 


4592 



BAPTIST ORDINATION 

The Chinese Baptist Church, 15 Wav- 
erly Place, announces the coming ordin- 
ation of its pastor, Mr. Albert Lau, on 
Dec. 29, at 3:00 p. m. The services will 
be held in the church auditorium, pre- 
sided over by Dr. Charles .R. Shepherd, 
superintendent of the Chung Mei Home 
in El Cerrito. Among the speakers will 
be Dr. Earl Smith, Executive Secretary 
of the Baptist Headquarters in San Fran- 
cisco., Dr. John Bailey and Dr. Sanford 
Fleming of the Berkeley Baptist Divinity 
School. 

Mr. Lau was recently graduated from 
the Moody Institute in Chicago, and is 
now pursuing further study at the Ber- 
keley Baptist Divinity School. He sue- 
Church in August, 1935, after the 
death of Rev. Luke S. Chan. 

• • 

UNION FELLOWSHIP MEETING 

The Chinese Young Peoples' Union 
Fellowship's regular monthly meeting 
will be held this Sunday, Dec. 29. at 
7 p. m. at the Chinese Methodist Church, 
920 Washington Street. Special music 
will be rendered by the male quartette 
from Stewart Memorial Church of San 
Francisco. A special guest speaker has 
been obtained for the occasion. 



m\ 

T A O YUAN 
RESTAURANT 

823 CLAY STREET 

Between Grant and Stockton 

Meals Unsurpassed in 
Chinatown 

Also Wnes and Liquors 
£^<ZT<3£ $£?r-(Zr^±J Si^CST^P 



f 
i 



C. A. C A. OFFICERS ELECTED 

The Chinese American Citizens Alli- 
ance held an election Dec. 14, with the 
following results: president, Thomas 
Jung; vice-president, Yan Chan; secre- 
tary, Dr. Theodore C. Lee; treasurer, 
Dr. James H. Hall. 

The purpose of the organization is for 
the promotion of better American citi- 
zens of Chinese extraction. Over a thou- 
sand votes were polled in the election of 
the present set of officers. 
• • 

Marysville Students 

Realizing the dangerous position China 
is in today, students of the Marysville 
Chinese Public School have formed a 
Chinese Students' Patriotic Movement, 
to unite the Chinese in an effort to save 
the mother country from foreign aggres- 
sion. 

Coinciding with demonstrations by 
Peiping students, the Marysville students 
had already created a National Salva- 
tion Fund before the present crisis arose, 
by holding patriotic meetings in public 
squares. A wire was sent to the Peiping 
students via the China Clipper, encourag- 
ing them to maintain the patriotic move- 
ment and national spirit. 

A high school girl, Wong Suey King, 
is chairman of the movement Two of 
the members of the board are Lim Fook 
Him and Lim Foon Chong. 

• • 

The Chinese M. E. Church presented 
its annual Christmas program last Sun- 
day evening, December 22 The high- 
light of the program was the brother and 
sister piano duet, a boy of four and ■ 
girl of six. After the program, the Ep- 
worth League held a social for its mem- 
bers. 

• • 

CAROLINE CHEW LEAVES 

Miss Caroline Chew, prominent Chi- 
nese dancer of the Bay Region, left last 
week for New York City, where she has 
a feature engagement scheduled in 
"Continentinal Varietn 

• • 

Severn! persons 
Theodore Chin looks so much 1 1 k <~ 
new arrival from Chi- 
such an unusual hair cut. 
must know, he did not come from CI' 
He w.is born in Twin Fall*, Id. 
haps that accounts tor his 



December 27, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



CHINESE FILM DEBUT JAN 1 

Cathay Pictures' first talking film 
production was announced as completed 
and ready for showing. The picture, en- 
titled "Heartaches", has been scheduled 
to appear at the Mandarin Theatre on 
Wednesday, January 1. 

The company has announced that this 
first picture surpassed the hopes of its 
producers in the high quality of the 
cast's performance, artistry, scenic splen- 
dor, and the reproduction of several 
Chinese melodies. 

Chinatown is eager to give its opinion 
on the Cathay Pictures' initial produc- 
tion, and awaits it with high interest. 



TEA AND LANTERNS 



THE FOLLOWING STORES 

CARRY THE 

CHINESE DIGEST: 

FAT MING COMPANY 
Books and Stationery 
905 Grant Avenue 

• 

SERVICE SUPPLY COMPANY 
Chinese and English Books 
Magazines 
831 Grant Ave. 

• 

CRESCENT PHARMACY 
Drugs and Cosmetics 
Fountain Service 
1101 Powell St. 

• 

UNIQUE MAGAZINE SHOP 
Magazines and Papers 
681 Jackson Street 

Other Agencies to Be 
Announced Later 




CATHOLIC DANCE HELD 

Court of Our Lady of China Branch 
of the Catholic Daughters of America 
gave an invitational dance last Friday 
night at the Catholic Social Center audi- 
torium. Miss Edith Chan, Grand Regent, 
presided as hostess. 

Mah jong and card games were 
played. Music was furnished by the 
Chinatown Knights Orchestra. More 
than a hundred persons attended and 
many parents and friends of the Catho- 
lic Daughters were also among those 
present. 

• • 

CHITENA DANCE ANNOUNCED 

An announcement has been made that 
the Chinese Tennis Association will 
sponsor a Chinese New Year's Dance on 
Friday night, Jan. 24, at the N. S. G. S. 
Hall. Music will be furnished by the 
Cathayans. Chitena members remark 
that this coming dance will be a colorful 
social event. 

• '• 

WAH YING XMAS PARTY 

Wah Ying Club gave a surprise 
Christmas party to its members on Tues- 
day night, Dec. 24. Thirty-five members 
were present, and each was presented 
with a little gift. Mah jong, bridge, and 
story-telling was enjoyed by all. 



What is More Thoughtful 

Than a Photograph 

fpr Christmas 

Appointments Made by Telephone 

YEE WONG STUDIO 

57 Brenham Place CHina 1221 



MISSION HIGH DANCE 

Under the sponsorship of Lai Lee, 
social chairman, the Chinese students 
of Mission High School will give a 
dance on Dec. 28 at the Chinese Y. W. 
C. A. Music will be furnished by the 
Rhythm King Orchestra. Robert Young 
is assisting with plans for the event. 

• • 
CELESTIAL CLUB DANCE 

The young folks of Los Angeles will 
start the New Year with a bang, accord- 
ing to the Celestial Club, which is spon- 
soring a New Year's Eve Dance on Dec. 
31, at Roma Hall, Sunset Blvd. and 
Figueroa Street. 

There will be entertainment galore. 
Serpentines and noisemakers will be 
given free to the whoopee-makers. The 
dance will last from ten p. m. to the 
wee hours of the morning. 

• • 

Cathayans Hold Party 

The Cathayans Orchestra held a ban- 
quet last Thursday evening, Dec. 19, at 
the Bal Tabarin Cafe. Those present: 



Messrs. 
Dudley Lee 
Winfred Lee 
Willie Lee 
David Sum 
William Wong 
Kenneth Lee 
Allen Lee 
William Chan 
Robert Wong 
Leon Lym 
Thomas Bow 

Mr. and Mrs. 



Misses 

Bernice Lee 

Caroline Fong 

Constance Won 

Gracie Chew 

Edith Chan 

Betty Won 

Caroline Bow 

Louise Lym 

Cecelia Louie 

Frances Chun 

Helen Yee 

Edward Quon. 



Edward Quon was toastmaster of the 
evening. Cathayans Orchestra -was or- 
ganized three years ago by five boys, 
William Chan, Willie Lee, William 
Wong, Wong Ham Suey and Winfred 
Lee. It now has eleven members. 



* / 


X * 


FDnG<!w 


j=nnG 


FDurrmin #^g 


f BRKERy 


824 GRANT AVENUE 


CHina 1010 


San Francisco - 


- - California 



Page 6 

. — _ s— 



CHINESE DICEST 



December 27, 1935 



C U L T U R E 



CHINGWAH LEE 



THE STORY OF CERAMIC ART 



(V) How Potteries are Fired 

In a previous article we saw how pot- 
tery is shaped from moist clay by various 
methods — basket lining, mat wrapping, 
hand modelling, moulding, and with the 
aid of the turnette or the potter's wheel. 
The finished vessels are then placed in 
the sun to dry for several days, when 
they become fairly hard and are then 
suitable for the storage of grain or other 
dry substances. But they are not true pot- 
tery, and will dissolve rapidly in contact 
with water. They still contain what the 
chemists call "combined moisture" or 
"clay held water". This water is liberated 
only when the wares are submitted to a 
baking or firing process which fixes the 
shape of the wares for all time. 

In the firing process the primitive 
potter merely inverts her vessel over a 
bed of potsherds, heap firewood over the 
whole, and set fire to the pile. Thus the 
Pueblo women potters of today place 
several jars bottom side up over a bed of 
pebbles, cover them with dry sheep man- 
ure, and allow the heap to burn evenly. 
Sometimes fresh fuel is piled over the 
burning pyre and the confined smoke 
then combines with the paint on the pot- 
tery, resulting in a very beautiful black 
coating — the famous Santa Clara black 
pottery. This is a very early stage of a 
series of reduction-oxidation process 
which will be described in more detail 
later. 

The Zuni Indians improved the firing 
process by first digging <a trench in the 
ground. The walls of the trough pro- 
bably serve as reflectors in intensifying 
the heat, besides giving a certain control 
to the draft. The Nicobar Islanders add- 
ed still another improvement by provid- 
ing a wheel-like crate. This is placed over 
the inverted pots before the firewood is 
added and serves to prevent the firewood 
from disturbing the pottery. The above 
potters may be said to have fired their 
wares in the open, for no kiln was used 
in the firing as yet. 

Primitive Kilns 
The lower Congo potters give us an 
idea of a primitive but effective kiln. A 
pit is dug in the ground and this is near* 
ly filled with charcoal. Potteries to be 
fired are then placed on top of this char- 
coal bed and the whole is covered with 
more charcoal till a mound is created. 
From around this mound air passage* 



are dug into the ground until they com- 
municate with the side of the charcoal 
filled pit. Firewood is now placed on top 
of the mound and fired. To increase the 
temperature, air is forced thru the air 
passages with bellows. This bee hive kiln 
has two advantages over the open firing 
process: even heating and high tempera- 
ture. 

We have no record of early Chinese 
kilns. It was probably in use during the 
Chou Dynasty, and was fairly well dev- 
eloped by the Han Dynasty. The Shuo 
Wen, a dictionary compiled by Hsu 
Shen (died, 120 A. D.) listed t'ao as a 
kiln. This ideograph, which was in use 
during the Chou Dynasty, pictures an 
enclosure within which is a pottery vessel, 
fou. By extension, the word t'ao today 
means ceramics as well. Incidentally, the 
Shuo Wen listed 21 words related to fou 
(pottery), and 29 words related to w« 
(pottery or roof tiles), including ch'iu, 
tiles for lining wells. 

The modern word for kiln, yao, prob- 
ably originated after the Han Dynasty, 
and, given in another tone, also means 
a brick lined well, as distinguished from 
an ordinary well. The Chinese term for 
a vagabond is sometimes given as chu p'o 
yao (dwellers of cracked or deserted 
kilns). We may infer that kilns in use 
during the T'ang Dynasty or earlier were 
brick lined chambers, some large enough 
to be used as sleeping quarters. Kilni 
were certainly in use during the T'ang 
Dynasty, for only with a high kiln tem- 
perature is it possible to obtain celadon, 
and other high fired glazes belonging to 
that period. Many Han wares, some 
nearly two feet tall, are stacked in the 
firing process, and this arrangement sug- 
gests a chambered kiln also. 

Origin of Saggers 

The sagger is a cylindrical or bowl- 
shaped, covered container of fire-clay, 
used for protecting the vessels being fired 
from uneven heating in the kiln. It pro- 
vides a chamber within the kiln cham- 
ber. Saggers probably originated in Chi- 
na during the Tang Dynasty, and was 
used extensively from the Sung Dynasty 
on. Many Sung wares have sagger adhe- 
sions (bits of sagger material which be- 
come attached to the glare of the vessel 
being fired as a result of accidental shift- 
ing of the wares during the firing pro- 
cess), and many recovered Sung wasted 
(Continued on Page 12) 



Chinese Discoveries 
and Inventions 

IV. The Chinese Brought Playing Card* 
and Dominoes Into Europe 

From earliest times the Chinese have 
used divination sticks (ts'ien) of bone, 
wood or bamboo. These were probably 
derived from the "guessing sticks"- a 
gambling game of great antiquity known 
throughout the Asiatic northeast as well 
as among the aborigines of the Ameri- 
can northwest. The dice originated in 
Egypt and spread rapidly throughout the 
Orient. When it reached China, the 
Chinese, perhaps in the interest of vari- 
ation, converted the dice into flat slips 
(pei) after the manner of the divination 
sticks. 

The most elementary form of the slips 
are of bone — kwok pei or bone slips. 
These slips still retain the "eyea" of the 
dice, but they are arranged in different 
order, and each pei may have two sets 
of different colored eyes. In Canton 
the game is known as tin kau; in Europe, 
as dominoes. The counters used are still 
"eyes" — loose black and red hemispheri- 
cal beads. Kwok pei is a great advance- 
ment over the dice, for now we have a 
game requiring judgment rather than 
just a series of chance throws. 

A more elaborate form of kwok pei 
is known as "sparrows" (ma ch'aio pei 
or mah jong) — so called because the 
first pei of the first series bears the pic- 
ture of that bird. This is the chief dis- 
tinction of mah jong over dominoes — 
the eyes have evolved into pictures 
(birds, bamboo joints, flowers, etc.) and 
words (winds, seasons, mottoes, etc.). 
The counters are sticks resembling the 
early guessing sticks but eyes are placed 
there to determine their value. As the 
game is started with the throwing of 
dice, it may be said to have incorporated 
within it all its predecessors. 

The third form of pei is yeh txu hsi 
or tzu pei (playing cards) — the sup ng 
wu of the Cantonese. Being printed on 
paper cards it is the most versatile, and 
at a very early date (at least before 969 
A.D.) the eyes have undergone transfor- 
mation — becoming symbols, words, and 
pictures. The king- queen, and jack of 
the modern pack really has a very early 
beginning — a Chinese card of the fif- 
teenth century already bears the picture 
of a knave sporting a "poker face" 

According to Dr. Thomas Francis 
Carter, the distinguished sinologist, 
(Continued on Page 14) 



December 27, 1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 7 



RARE HANGING ON DISPLAY 

A sensational arrfval in San Francisco 
is on display this month at Nathan 
Bentz, veteran collectors of Chinese art 
objects. Every art loving Chinese should 
make a pilgrimage to drink irt the beauty 
of this imperial embroidery, the throne 
wall curtain of the Emperor Ch'ien 
Lung. . 

This drapery was made by order of 
Emperor Ch'ien Lung (A. D. 1736- 
1795), one of China's most cultured em- 
perors, ruler of the greatest empire on 
earth at his time. Patron of art, poet, 
military strategist, and shrewd business 
man, he found time to collect jade and 
bronzes, and to participate in the crea- 
tion of fascinating porcelain and loom 
products. Under his direction he created 
a demand for Chinese art objects within 
the "four seas" — which was to say, all 
the nations he once considered worth 
trading with, including European na- 
tions, India, Persia, the once powerful 
Turkey Empire, Siam, and Java. 

The Making of Imperial Textile 

Tradition has it that he designed the 
curtain himself and gave orders that the 
color of this panel must be the right 
shade of imperial yellow — a cross be- 
tween chrysanthemum yellow and gold, 
and not the heavy poppy yellow so often 
found in commercial objects. Thousands 
of master dyers experimented day and 
night to get the desired shade. Then 
imperial weavers worked over colossal 
looms to produce the brocade. Finally, 
picked maidens started the embroidery 
under close supervision. 

The finished product is so overpower- 
ing, that just to look at it would create 
before the mind's eyes the might of this 
Emperor, who, with the touch of his Ver- 
million pencil could banish a kingdom 
or affect the lives of over 400,000,000 
subjects. The panel is more than thirty 
feet wide. Due to the lack of space it 
was impossible for the photographer to 
do justice to this work. 

The Dragon Motif 

The panel has the dragon motif, the 
dragons being arranged in groups of 
nine — nine five-clawed dragons (kiu 
lung) being the imperial symbol. Besides 
a series of ascending and descending 
dragons there is a large full-faced dragon 
(jing mien lung) holding the sacred 
pearl, and two "marching" dragons 
(hing lung) approaching each other. 
These dragons were embroidered by the 
tacked on process in gold, silk cables 
wrapped with gold foil being used. The 
work is fresh as if it was made last year. 
Scattered over the entire ground are 
conventional clouds, flaming pearls, and 




mystic symbols, done in harmonizing 
shades of pale rose and blue. 
A Powerful Border 
The lower section of the panel is bor- 
dered with a soul satisfying band of 
" eternal waves" in the midst of which 
stands the lone "rocky clift" (shih shan) . 
This is one of the most powerful con- 
ventionalized designs yet devised by the 
hands of man. The restless roar of the 
breakers is captured in the sprays of the 
sea as it dashes against the immovable 
rocks jutting toward the heavens. Both 
are dwarfed by the powerful yet orderly- 
waves which march on in orderly rhythm, 
while the indomitable might of the cos- 
mic universe itself is hinted at by the 
subordination of the whole to the bot- 
tom of the panel. The beholder is made 
to feel a terrestrial world receding from 
under his feet while being ushered into 
the presence of something high, mighty, 
and awesome. 



The rainbow band, which is always 
associated with the eternal waves, is given 
an unusual treatment. Instead of being 
a continuous band it is constricted to 
clusters, the stripes terminating in curls, 
suggestive of the ju-i symbols. 

Now On Display 

"This panel," said Mr. Joseph Bentz, 
"was in the private collection of Hseun 
Tung, then 'Emperor Emeritus' of the 
Republic of China, now, puppet ruler 
of Manchukuo. A decade ago, when the 
China Red Cross Committee appealed to 
him to donate some money for the needy, 
he offered them this heirloom in place 
of cash, with the instruction that it be 
fold to the highest bidder." Mr. Joseph 
B^ntz is the senior partner of the San 
Francisco store. His younger brother, 
O~to. is now in London with his nephew 
viewing the London Chinese Exhibit. 
The hanging is now on display at the 
Nathan Bentz, 441 Grant Avenue. It is 
open to the public. C. W. L. 



Pi*e 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 27. 1935 



EDITORIAL 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published weekly at 868 Washington Street 

San Francisco, California 

Telephone CHina 2400 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, ?2.00; Per copy, 5c 

Foreign, £2.75 per year 

Not responsible for contributions 

unaccompanied by return postage 



STAFF 



CHING WAH LEE ._. 
WILLIAM HOY 
FRED GEORGE WOO 
CLARA CHAN 
ETHEL LUM 



Associate Editor 
Associate Editor 

Sports 

Fashions 

Community Welfare 



ROBERT G. POON Circulation 

GEORGE CHOW Advertising 



AN INCOMPLETE AND MISLEADING 
FILM ON CURRENT EVENTS 

The ninth issue of the "March of Time", which 
seeks to interpret pictorially the background and mean- 
ing of significant happenings in the four corners of the 
learth, was shown at a local theatre last week. 

One of the subjects treated in this issue was what 
the Japanese were doing to transform Manchukuo into 
an highly industrialized state and to instill Japanese 
culture and political philosophy — "always with Chinese 
teachers" — into the minds of its 30,000,000 Chinese 
subjects. 

There were scenes of bustling building construc- 
tion and of agricultural experiments to make the soil 
of Manchukuo produce food which it had never grown 
before. The coal mining industry, employing thou- 
sands of Chinese, is shown operating at fever pitch 
to furnish the anthracite necessary for newly built fac- 
tories and the beehive of ships which ply between 
Darien and Japan. 

On the cultural side this newsreel showed how 
Chinese boys and girls are being educated in rigidly 
supervised schools with native instructors. It also 
showed the pupils at work and at play. A group of 
old Chinese scholars is glimpsed re-learning the Con- 
fucian classics. 

There were glimpses of Foreign Minister Hirota, 
of War Minister Araki, of the Emperor Hirohito, 
symbol of Japanese unity and power, and of other 
military bigwigs of the Japanese regime in Manchukuo. 

Altogether these few short swift scenes, purposely 
dramatic and impressive, serve to give the average 
filmgoer the impression that the Japanese are benevo- 
lent conquerors, ambitious, purposeful, a race born to 
rule, and that they have brought peace and prosperity 
to Manchukuo where before, under Chinese rule, it 
was bandit-ridden and misgoverned. 

The film narrator said "that with the coming of 
the Japanese" modern hospitals have been established 
for the benefit of the Chinese, giving the impression 
that hospitals never existed when "Manchukuo" was 
an integral part of China. Showing the natives in 
peaceful contentment, and most of them supposedly 
gainfully employed, the picture neglected to show how 
the Chinese merchants are "persuaded" to pay exorbi- 
tant taxes to the government and how their business is 



NEON NIGHTMARES 

Chinatown is suffering another attack of neonlite- 
sos — an outbreak of scarlet fever, the patient shouting 
"Chop Suey", "Noodles", and "Here I am". It is high- 
ly contagious and will induce blindness and insanity 
t-e even innocent bystanders. 

The Grant Avenue merchants who put up these signs 
probably said something like this to his admiring son, 
"Congratulate me, sonny. I've just placed an order for 
a colossal, stupendous neon sign. Yes, I paid two grand 
for the thing, besides one dollar to the salesman for 
designing it. Will the town know me from now on? Be 
proud of your father, sonny." 

The palsy-walsy salesman who sold the sign proba- 
bly said something like this to the office stenog; "Con- 
gratulate me, sis. I've just sold that Grant Avenue sap 
a new neon for two grand. Boy, did I lay it on thick? 
Did I suppress the office artist and bring forth the cir- 
cus poster. How about a date?" 

Some future historian will probably say something 
like this: "Once upon a time, there was a Chinatown. 
It was beautiful, unique, and Chinese in style. Trav- 
ellers from all over the world visited the spot and its 
merchants grew rich. Then some Chop Suey Babbits 
and Japanese trinket peddlers started to Americanize 
the place by putting up neon signs all along Grant 
Avenue. They knew no moderation. They did not ap- 
ply the artistic concepts of their forefathers. The place 
looked like a row of Christmas trees on fire. Then the 
travellers stopped coming and the inhabitants died of 
starvation." 



rigidly controlled and supervised by Japanese "advis- 
ors". It failed to picture that, although the Japanese 
military is ever watchful of any tendency of the people 
to rise and revolt, Manchukuo today has more than 
ten thousand guerilla fighters and volunteer soldiers 
who are continually harrassing their conquerors, and 
who are willing to die fighting rather than to live as 
docile Japanese subjects. 

It is for these omissions that this picture is incom- 
plete, misleading and highly unsatisfactory. Of course, 
one cannot blame the editor of the "March of Time" 
for failure to show the other side of the "Manchukuo" 
"paradise," for without a doubt their cameramen had 
to work under the watchful eyes of alert Japanese 
censors, and anything that is considered inimical or 
harmful to the Japanese regime there is not sanctioned. 
Therefore, it was inevitable that the resultant newsreel 
was a greatly distorted notion of Sino-Japanese rela- 
tions as regards Manchukuo. 

The "March of Time" cannot be accused of being 
deliberately biased, because of the conditions and cir- 
cumstances involved in the making of this particular 
sequence. When all is said and done, however, this 
issue of the "March of Time" is grand propaganda for 
the Japanese. W. H. 



December ,27, .1935 



CHINESE DICEST 



'age 9 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



WILLIAM HOY 



China's Students on 

the Present Sino- 

Japanese Situation 

Like an onrushing tidal wave sweep, 
ing across the nation, students of Chi- 
na's largest universities and secondary 
schools during the last two weeks have 
been staging demonstration after dem- 
onstration in an effort to urge the na- 
tional government to take action against 
the establishment of a semi-autonomous 
government in. several provinces of 
North China, and to warn China's popu- 
lace through oral and printed propa- 
ganda of the grave danger now facing 
the country. 

No one who has read the accounts of 
these students' mass demonstrations in 
several .of the chief cities in China could 
fail to sympathize with and be stirred by 
the self -sacrifice, the zeal and the perse- 
verance of these young nationals whose 
love of their land has engendered such 
patriotic fervor that they are completely 
oblivious to personal danger or to the 
danger which their country may have 
to face should their patriotic movement 
overreach the bounds of youthful pru- 
dence. And at this moment, the move- 
ment has gathered such momentum that 
it is not possible to down or quiet these 
students except by force. What will re- 
sult from these student agitations? To 
gain a clear picture of the present situa- 
tion, let us recapitulate and review the 
happenings of the last two weeks. 
Origin of Demonstration 

China's National University in Pei- 
ping, center of the historical student 
movement in 1919 when China faced 
the loss of Shantung to the Japanese, 
again became the focal point of the pres- 
ent student movement against the semi- 
autonomous government which they 
feel is fostered by Japan and which is 
but a prelude to Japanese political 
hegemony over the five northern prov- 
inces. 

Nearby is another famous govern- 
ment institution of learning, the Tsing- 
Hua University, which, like the Na- 
tional University- has several thousand 
students. For months the students of 
these two universities have been brooding 
over the political situation in North 
China, which was daily growing more 
critical. Students are the most politically 
conscious class in China, and they 
understood more than any one else that 
the Japanese were culminating plans for 
the political penetration of North China 
by diplomatically persuading the Chinese 



generals and governors of the five prov- 
inces to secede from Nanking. 

For months these students have lived 
under a feeling of tension and dread. 
Expecting Japanese invasion at any mo- 
ment, yet they were hopeful that, faced 
with the loss of half of its territory, the 
central government would at last take 
measures to prevent such an occurrence. 
The Bubble Bursts 

What unleashed the patriotic fury of 
these students, therefore, was when the 
central government openly acceded to 
the Japanese inspired semi-autonomous 
regime in the provinces of Chahar and 
Hopei. Knowing then that the time had 
come for another movement to rally 
other students in all parts of the coun. 
try in an effort to stir up public opinion 
for armed defense of the north, the 
National University's students called to- 
gether students of Tsing-Hua and all 
secondary school students and went into 
action. 

Then one day two weeks ago, between 
five and six thousand students of 15 
universities and secondary schools, defy- 
ing the warnings of authorities and the 
advice of their teachers, staged their ini- 
tial demonstration in Peiping. All the 
paraphernalia for an effective demon, 
stration were utilized: banners, speeches- 
yells, handbills, posters, etc. Into Pei- 
ping's thoroughfares, against the wintry 
cold, these thousands paraded, shouting 
as they went: "Down with Japanese im- 
perialism !", "Up with Chinese national- 
ism!", "Prohibit the North China inde- 
pendence movement!", "Unite and de- 
fend the nation against the Japanese 
bandits !" 

The demonstration stirred the entire 
city and aroused the sympathy and 
approbation of all. The line of demon- 
strators were several miles long, and they 
marched from dawn to sunset, shouting 
all the time- but yet creating no riots 
which could be used as an excuse for po- 
lice interference. Several were arrested, 
however, when they defied police orders. 
The Students Manifesto 

The students sought an audience with 
General Ho Ying-ching, the central 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 

HOWARD MACEE 

COUNSELLOR-AT-LAW 

Anglo Bank Bldg. - 830 MufcM St. 
EXbrootc 0298 San Francuco 



government's war minister, then in Pei- 
ping, but he was not to be found. How- 
ever, they publicly delivered the follow- 
ing manifesto to General Ho: 

( 1 ) Abolish the Hopei demilitarized 
zone; 

(2) Dissolve the so-called autono- 
mous political council; 

(3) Dissolve the North China inde- 
pendence movement; 

(4) The central government must 
announce a definite foreign policy, 

(5) Permit liberty of speech and free- 
dom of the press; 

(6) Free the students who were 
arrested to-day; 

(7) Stamp out civil strifes in the 
country. 

The Fu-jen Catholic University, also 
located in Peiping, which in previous 
years had always rigidly controlled its 
students from taking part in anything 
which savors of the political, could riot 
restrain several hundred of them when 
they joined the other students in this 
mass demonstration. 

By the following morning, students 
of the universities and secondary schools 
throughout the length and breadth of 
the country had rallied to this spontane- 
ous movement. In Canton the teachers 
and more than 2000 students of the Sun 
Yat-sen University, another government 
institution- walked out of their classes 
and staged a parade through the city, 
supporting the aspirations and demands 
of the students in the north. Within 
twenty-four hours, these students had 
organized those of the other schools and 
had drafted a program of action, viz: 
the organization of- youth propaganda 
corps who will go to the outlying cities 
and spread the news of this movement 
and to enroll volunteers; organizing of 
members to search and denounce native 
purveyors of Japanese goods; organizing 
members to prosecute and punish trai- 
tors; and to call for united action 
against the establishment of the Chahar- 
Hopei political council about to be in- 
augurated. 

Momentum Gathered 

As the students in Canton roused the 
students throughout South China to 
manifest their patriotism in this new 
national crisis, university and secondary 
school students up and down the coun- 
try had rallied to the movement emanu- 
ating from Peiping and had marshaled 
their youthful voices and writing brushes 
to focus public opinion on the why and 
wherefore of the movement. 

(Continued on Page 14) 



Page 10 



CHINESE D'ldE-ST 



' Dece mber 2?, -<9 35 



COM MUNITY WELFARE 



ETHEL LUM 



CHILD WELFARE 
CONFERENCE 

"To keep well babies well", is the spe- 
cial concern of the Child Welfare Con- 
ferences held at the Chinese Health 
Center (a branch of the San Francisco 
Department of Public Health), 1212 
Powell Street, every Tuesday and Friday 
afternoons, from 1 to 3:30. Dr. Mar- 
garet Carlsmith is the attending physic- 
ian, assisted by Mrs. Minnie F. Lee and 
Miss Eunice Gibson, public health nurses 
of the. Chinese district. 




New-born babies and pre-school chil- 
dren are weighed, measured, and exam- 
ined by the doctor. They are also vac- 
cinated against smallpox and diptheria- 
and given the tuberculin test to see if 
rhey have any tuberculosis infection. 
Mothers are instructed about diet, and 
about the importance of right food and 
good hygiene. 

Conferences Invaluable 
To these conferences only well chil- 
dren are admitted, as their function is 
not to treat the sick. They are open to 
all pre-school children who are not under 
a physician's care for feeding and gen. 
eral routine examinations. There is no 
charge as the service is an educational 
one, to make the child physically fit (of 
later life. Children needing medical care 
for the correction of defects are referred 
to their family physicians for treatment. 
The community is rapidly awakening 
to the value of these conferences. When 
they first commenced in March, 1933, at 
the Chinese Hospital, only a few chil- 
dren attended and only one afternoon 
was assigned to the work. As the attend- 
ance increased, two afternoons were 
necessary to accommodate the large 



number. During the last year, as many 
as 3-196 children were brought to these 
conferences. 

Mortality Rate Declines 
It is claimed that the infant mortality 
rate is an index of general health condi- 
tions. A definite relationship is known 
to exist between the well-being of young 
children and the well-being of the entire 
community. Records available from the 
San Francisco Department of Public 
Health reveal that the death rate of Chi- 
nese infants under one year is more 
than twice as high as that of other chil- 
dren. Fortunately, since the establish- 
ment of the child welfare conferences, 
this mortality rate has definitely de- 
clined. A glance at the graph below will 
indicate the drop from 1933 to the end 
of 1934: 




45l His fit lijt riti J't *M *.' -til 'lij 'f/t 
CHI*iS£ IMFAnT niTMi.Ty HATS ?*•* 112* T» /fj* 



This improvement is better appreci- 
ated when one remembers that these 
were years of greatest economic depres. 
•ion for Chinese families. The pre and 
post-natal care of mothers and babies 
through the San Francisco Hospital Pre- 
Natal Clinic has, no doubt- been instru- 
mental in producing these favorable re- 
sults, but it is by all means through the 
successful follow-up of these babies in 
the conferences that so much was accom. 
plished. 

According to Miss Gibson, one of the 
public health nurses, this phase of their 
work is extremely enjoyable, and at the 
same time most satisfying. "We know 
that in building up the health of these 
small children, we are laying a firm foun- 
dation upon which the health of the 
community depends," she stated. The 
conferences have frequently been visited 
by interested friends, both Chinese and 
American. A visit to the Chinese Health 
Center on one of these two afternoons 
will find a roomful of squealing, 
appealing little tots. 

A daughter was born on Dec. 1 1 to 
the wife of Fong Cham Why. 7 Quincv 
Street, San Francisco. 



GIRLS PLAY 
SANTA CLAUS 

Every Christmas, for the last four 
years, rhe girls of the Chinese Presby- 
terian Mission Home at 920 Sacramento 
St. have played Santa Claus to many 
needy families in Chinatown. This year 
15 families were invited to their Christ- 
mas party held at the Home the evening 
of Dec. 23, and came away burdened 
with gifts. 

The four clubs of the Home, consist- 
ing mainly of high school and working 
girls, contribute every year from their 
earnings and savings toward making or 
buying gifts for these families. The gifts 
include food, candy, and useful house- 
hold articles for the whole family, be- 
sides toys and clothing for children un- 
der ten years of age. 

A Christmas pageant entitled the 
"Star of Hope", with scenes depicting 
the story of Jesus, was presented by the 
girls at the Christmas party. Slides of 
nativity events were shown, and carols 
in both Chinese and English were sung. 
The program was thoroughly enjoyed by 
the audience, to whom the real signifi- 
cance of the Christmas festival was con- 
veyed. 

Many of the girls work in the indus- 
trial department of the Home, from 
which source they are able to earn a 
little money for their personal expenses. 

The true Christmas spirit finds ex- 
pression in this generous gesture of the 
girls. To some of them, the contributions 
mean the denial of gifts and pleasures 
for themselves. The planning of the pro- 
gram and the making of the gifts de- 
mand much of their time and efforts. 
Alchough what they have to offer is not 
much, yet they are happy to gire what 
they can. 

• • 



NOTICE 

A number of persons have been 
identifying themselves as representa- 
tives of the CHINESE DIGEST. 

The public is cautioned to ask our 
representatives for their identification 
cards, issued to bona fide members of 
the staff. 

Identification cards are printed on 
brown cards, with four Chinese char- 
acters. If any other information is 
needed, kindly call CHina 2400. 



December 27, 1935 



CHINESE DIC EST 



rsge H 



FASHIONS 



RING IN THE 
NEW YEAR 

Just when we think we can sit back 
and enjoy the lingering festive air of 
Christmas that pervaded our home, we 
have to prepare for another, and an 
almost immediate celebration. I'm not 
even calling New Year's eve a holiday; 
although not a misnomer, yet it differs 
from the holidays of the year's calendar. 
New Year's eve is the one day on which 
the entire world seems to ring with joy 
filled with renewed spirit, fresh hopes; 
and regardless of nationality, every one 
join* in celebration for the incoming 
of the new year. 

Even before the Chinese government 
officially acknowledged the solar system 
in place of the lunar calendar, New 
Year's eve was a much anticipated event 
with the people of our community. 
The New Glad Raff— 

For the women, now is the time when 
we will spend our last penny, if the joy 
of "giving" has not depleted our sav- 
ings of the entire year. The old glad rag 
simply will not do — you must, just must 
be in your most brilliant, dazzling, and 
•tunning outfit, for surely you are to 
attend the gayest, and most hilarious 
party of the year. 

I had no need to spend much time 
this week in looking for a dress gay 
enough, and smart enough for this occa- 
sion. Remembering that the midseason 
mode calls for a dress that is romantic 
in effect yet essentially modern, the dress 
illustrated on this page will be just the 
thing. 
Pleats and More Pleats — 

Made of satin, the gown is accordion 
pleated from waistline to the hemline. 
A low decolletee in front and back with 
two clips or artificial flowers at either 
shoulder, a wide decorative girdle set 
wi*h different colored stones serve as 
brilliant touches. The skirt, because of 
the small accordion pleats is reminiscent 
of the old butterfly skirt of several sea- 
sons. You may well imagine the roman- 
tic as well as graceful swirl of this gown 
if you are dancing the old year out. 

Although fashion designers have 
shown the predomination of the pencil 
silhouette, yet with the revival of pleat- 
ings, clever coutouriers have reconciled 
these two opposing elements. By the use 
of invisible stitches, the pleats on the 
skirt are, sewn in place around the hip 



CLARA CHAN 



line; the skirt below the knees, as in the 
sunburst skirt falls in graceful swirls. 
Chiffon or Satin — 

This gown also comes in chiffon, but 
Satin is the elegant and stunning mater- 
ial to choose. It comes in shades which 
are most nattering to Chinese beauties — 
rich green, simple white, brilliant red, 
and as sketched, the ever fashionable 
black. This gown comes from a local 
shop, and is very reasonably priced. 




Pleats in Other Forms — 

Pleats are used in many delightful 
forms other than an evening gown. In 
the afternoon dress, entire sleeves are 
often seen of accordian pleats. Again, 
in trimmings, such as jabots in fan 
shape, collars, cuffs, and shoulder treat- 
ments to broaden slim shoulders. Narrow 
sections of pleating in the front or back 
of skirt is a smart touch for those who 
would have pleatings but still wish to 
retain the slender silhouette. 




SEASON'S GREETINGS 
from 

HONG KONG 
TAVERN 



At 1125 Franklin St., Oakland 

'We Serve the Best Straight Liquors 
and Mixed Drinks in Town" 

—AT THE TAVERN— 

Tom Donlin Jack Burns 

"Open Day and Night" 

Featuring 
Chinese and American Dishes 



Restaurant 

1701-1703 
Seventh St. 



Restaurant 

1121-1123 
Franklin Street 



Tavern 
1125 Franklin St. 



§ SEASON'S GREETINGS 2 
9 FROM jB 



i 



The Shangtai 



I 



3 * ? 

A 672 Jackson St. CHina 1215 K 



rage 12 



CHINESE DICEST 



December 27, 1935 



POO-POO 

By Bob Poon 



First it was Texas, now it's New York, 
will these out-of-town dames never cease 
to give our local girls competition? The 
boys around town all claim themselves 
"frans" of Clara Chan since her friend 
Miss Kay Lee arrived in town. Clara has 
been raving about the tall slim beauty 
to me, but when I asked for an "intro"> 
she says the gal is leaving for home soon. 
Wow is me . . . always one step behind. 

• • 

Among the friends who went to bid 
Miss Rose Tom adieu were two gentle- 
men. After watching 'Tommy' kiss every- 
one that was present so far> the boys 
edged in to say good-bye, too. And were 
they vexed when she simply shook their 
hands. I suggest the boys find out be- 
forehand, what their friends do or not 
do so as not to be disappointed, again! 

After watching the futile efforts of all 
the passengers trying to throw serpen- 
tines to their friends I came to the con- 
clusion that they should be given instruc- 
tion and practice beforehand. To 
prove my point, one should note the 
happy expression on both the 'passer 
and receiver' when the serpentine finds 
its mark. 

1 A young feller told me 'G. O.' was a 
scream, star. I asked him what he meant, 
and he said "Didn't you know that G. O. 
went to Hollywood to take a test?" (Per- 
sonally, I think the kid is right- you 
know the old proverb, 'Out of the mouth 
. of babes, etc.) 

• • 

I started somethin' when I wrote about 
a certain Miss quitting her job. Several 
young Misses have cornered me so far- 
demanding that I divulge the source of 
my information. Wew, I'm glad that my 
column is read, anyhoo! 

• • 

By the way, ALLEE, the TOWN- 
TROTTER, says: 

It seems that H. K. WONG circles 
around town three times before going to 
work every day; wonder what he's 

driving at (and whom) Being 

absent-minded one evening, GEORGE 
LEE of the Dresswell Shop, set off the 
burglar alarm in front of his shop, 
throwing the whole neighborhood into a 
panic, while passersby were seeking for 
the would-be burglar, only to find that 
it was little Georgie himself walking 
away nonchalantly, a. little red in the 



cheek, but with his usual smile. So better 
be careful next time .... By the way, a 
certain Honolulu "shiek", it is reported, 
returned to the islands to say "Aloha" 
to his folks before leaving for China to 
continue aviation studies. He may be 
Edward Leong to you, but he's just Mr. 
Hunson to his island folks ... A coun- 
try gal who makes good- — JENNEFER 
NG, who came to this town a few years 
ago from Bakersfield, is now in the em- 
ploy of one of the largest chain stores 
in the West . . . DONALD LEE ("town 
Romeo") owns many suits but never 
sits down lest the trousers lose their 
crease .... HENRY HING will be all 
dressed-up for the coming New Year'f 
struggle; he just bought a new suit — 
and paid cash for it ... . EVA LOWE, 
'gal with personality plus' has left 
for Los Angeles (her real home town) 
and it certainly took some of the lights 
out of Chinatown .... SO LONG 
• • 

There is no point in seeing a show 
uncomfortably if one could otherwise. 
This was borne out when a girl in front 
of me tucked her head snuggly on the 
B. F's shoulder. Ah- dear me, I guess my 
shoulders are too boney, for no one has 
ever used them for a cushion yet. 

The height of making oneself at home 
is after having a duck dinner at a 
friend's house .... take the left-overs 
home, bone and all, to make 'joolc'. You 
should have been there. Swell duck 
soop (eh, Wimpy?). 

CERAMIC ART 

(Continued from Page 6) 
(spoiled or discarded wares) show large 
portions of sagger adhesion. 

Sagger may hare originated when 
primitive potters proceeded to protect 
their vessels from the direct heat of the 
fire with large pieces of potsherds. The 
protected areas are found to be superior 
to the unprotected areas, and potters 
may thereafter have his vessels com- 
pletely covered with potsherds before 
adding firewood. Eventually a whole 
vessel may be made as a protector, and 
this would be the first "sagger". 

On the other hand, saggers appeared 
rather late in the history of ceramics, 
and are associated with the kilns. As a 
matter of fact, even if the first sagger 
originated in the method above des- 
cribed, the firing case would really be a 
kiln oven, and not a saggar. More likely, 
the sagger originated when potters found 
that vessels in the middle of the oven 
floor received the most even heating and 
were less likely to be cracked. There- 
after, their finer pieces were always 



placed in the middle of the floor, and 
surrounded by inferior wares. Further- 
more, plates and bowls were often fired 
in stacks, and the top and bottom pieces 
were frequently found to have fared bad- 
ly. From these observations, potters may 
have conceived the idea of placing their 
choice wares within an old, cracked bowl, 
with perhaps, another cracked plate as 
cover. This would be the beginning of 
the true sagger — a chamber within a 
chamber. 

The coming of the sagger is strongly 
associated with two great changes in the 
structure of most vessels: the disappear- 
ance of spur marks, and the replacing 
of flat or beveled flat base with a raised 
foot rim. During the Ming and Ching 
Dynasties saggers were very elaborate 
and complicated apparatus. Some were 
double walled, with the inner wall either 
very porous or cut in screen-like open 
work. The space between the wall may 
be packed with charcoal, sulphur, or 
other oxidation-reduction agents. Some 
had special openings to give controlled 
"spots" to glazes. Others had vents for 
the introduction of smoke and fumes. 
Still others had special arms and sup- 
ports for holding individual movable 
parts, such as the links in a porcelain 
chain. 

References, Note* 

For Articles I and II, "Chinese Art" 
by S. W. Bushell, Victoria and Albert 
Museum, second edition, third reprint, is 
still the best work for giving -a descrip- 
tion of the difference between pottery 
and porcelain. It is almost a household 
set among the British Chinese Art enthu- 
siasts. It is in great need of revision vo 
catch up with recent findings on Chit»e»e 
art. 

I am indebted to the lectures of Mr. 
Edward W. Gifford, curator of the 
Anthropological Museum, University of 
California, for valuable material on 
primitive pottery in Article IV. 

The material for the first half of 
Article V, non-Chinese firing methods, 
is derived from the writings of Pro- 
fessor Camilia H. Wedgewood, Sidney 
University. 

Erratum: Badain should be spelled 
Badarian. 

Answers: Hand modelled vessels were 
probably made by taking a ball of moi«t 
clay and scooping out the inside, then 
enlarging the resultant vessel by thinninj; 
the wall. The Yang Shao period three- 
legged Honan pottery vessels were pro- 
bably hand modelled. The three legs are 
hollow, and communicate with the inside 
of the body, probably the result of a 
(Continued on Page 14) 



December 27. 1935 



C H I NESE DICEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



Fred George Woo 




CHINESE SPORTSMEN'S CLUB 

Chinese Sportmen's Club's fishing 
members, including B. K. Chan, Dr. 
Chang, Dr. Wong, F. Jow, Winston Lee, 
"Slim" Young, Tommy Leong, Lim 
Wing, Red Won, Dr. Fong, A. Low, Leo 
Chan, Wong Hong, Sam Wong, J. 
Chang, Y. Fook, Mack and Quon Soo 
Hoo, and others, report that their sea- 
son up to date has been very successful. 

Although some of the members are 
known as "Black Bottom" (or in the 
common vernacular, "Jinks") , fishes 
were so plentiful that even the "Blacks" 
have caught their limits of striped bass, 
black bass, cod, and salmon. 

From around the bay region and the 
various sloughs of the delta regions, 
these never-say-die fishermen are as crazv 
as they come. On week-ends and holi- 
days, they would be found congregated 
at "Sam Wo" in the wee hours of the 
morning for congee before starting out 
to fi=h. They would fish anytime from 
Saturday after midnight to the following 
night about five or six o'clock. However, 
there is always compensation for the dili- 
gent boys. 

After every trip, they would adjourn 
to a well-known restaurant and have "a 
meal fit for kings", that is, "Hong Sil 
Loo Yee" (broiled striped bass, Chinese 
style, by Tao Yuen Restaurant), and 
"Jing Marng Cho" (or steamed black 
bass) . 

• • 

Another Chinese youngster out for 
basketball in high school is Henry 
Whoe, a Commercite. Henry is trying to 
make the 130-pound team, and has made 
a strong showing so far. 
• • 

And lest you forget, the Chitena 
Roller Skating Party will be held Dec. 
30, in the evening, at Dreamland Rink. 

• • 

Out at the San Francisco State Teach- 
ers' College, Paul Wong, who plays for 
the Chi-Fornians, is on the Varsity bas- 
ketball team, while Joe Lee, an Oakland 
Chinese boy, made the State 145 's. 



Baseball Personalities 

Art Chinn has just completed his 
tenth year in baseball. Not the fastest 
man on the team, Art is, nevertheless, 
a dependable fielder and a steady hitter, 
who plays left-field. 

A mighty mite is Allie Wong who 
covers the center-field position. Allie is 
a southpaw chucker. He is Wa Sung'i 
leading slugger with a batting average 
of .409, and a veteran on the Technical 
High Varsity Nine. Last year Allie 
journeyed to New Orleans with the 
Oakland Post of the American Legion 
nine. 

Tom Hing is the only ambidextrous 
batter on the team. He is an outfielder, 
and hits either left handed or right- 
handed with equal efficiency. 

The president of the club, Joe Lee, is 
the third sacker and the possessor of a 
very strong thowing arm. He insists that 
he made his sweater at the S. F. State 
Teachers' College. 

Ralph Lieu is one of the stellar pitch- 
ers who has perfected a mean and cute 
slow ball that baffles the opposition. 
Frank Dun, who is vice-president of the 
club, is a swell rightfielder, and a poten- 
tial hard hitter. We'll hear more about 
his slugging feats in the near future. 

Eddie Hing, an outfielder, is one of 
the speediest men on the squad. He's 
the man who beat out more grounders 
than anyone on the entire team. And 
believe it or not, Eddie says he can sing, 
too. 

Rob*rt Chow and Sung Wong are two 
utility men who are dependable. Their 
specialty is pinch-hitting when a base 
knock is needed. 

• • 

Two Chinese teams, the Blue Eagles 
and the Dragons, both hundred pound 
teams, are represented in the Y. M. C. A. 
Decathlon, in Division B. 

PALICLIQUE PLAYS NULITE 

Paliclique Club's cage team of Palo 
A'to makes its appearance in San Fran. 
cisco this Friday at the Francisco School 
Gv-m when it plays the local Nulite A. C. 
Tho game will start at 8:00 p. m. and the 
publ'c is invited. 

Palo Alto's starting line-up has been 
announced as follows: Forwards, Won 
Loy Chan and John Chuck; center, 
T^rr.mv Tew; guards, Bill Quon and Ray 
Cht'W. Nulite's line-up: Chew and Jue 
at forward; Wong at center; and Gee 
and Dan Leong at guard. 



Third Week of 
League Play 

Wah Ying Basketball Tournament's 
third week of competition finds the 
Troop 3 Scout Seniors playing the Scout 
Juniors in the first game of the after- 
noon this Sunday, while in the second, 
the Nulite A. C. tangles with the Chi- 
Fornian Club. 

Scout Seniors is a certainty to win, 
although those Juniors may make things 
rather uncomfortable for their big bro- 
thers. This contest is interesting in that 
it will give us an idea of the comparative 
strength of the two teams. Shangtai de- 
feated the Juniors 50-24, and their play- 
ers want to see how much stronger the 
Seniors are over the Juniors. 

The Nulite-Chi-Fornian setto should 
turn out to be very interesting. Having 
practiced hard for the past two weeks, 
the Chi-Fornians are determined to ring 
up a win over the Nulites. 

Tentative starting line-up for the two 
squads: 

NULITE: CHI-FORNIANS: 

Jue F. T. Lee 

Ho F. Hall 

D. Leong C. P. Wong 

Louie G. J. Lee 

Gee G. D. Chinn 

Last Week's Results 

Results of last week's two league games 
a*-e Shangtai 54, Chi-Fornians 33; Nu- 
ll-? A. C. 78, Scout Juniors, 19. 

That Shangtai game was a wow. 
Sh->n<?tai team did not win as easily as 
the final score indicated; it managed to 
"'in af-ir a hard, hard battle. Score at 
the half intermission was 22-22, so just 
imagine, the Chi-Fornians outplaying 
and outclassing their opponents in the 
entire first half. All tired out in the last 
o"arrer. the losers failed to cope with 
th° avalanche of baskets the Shangtais 

Stars for Shancrtai were Charlie Hing 
,->nH Fred Gok with twelve points each, 
vh ; !e Fred Wong sank eleven. Lee Po 
.a"d Gf-oree Lee also turned in a good 
™->me Ted Lee of Chi-Fornians was high 
cr~-a r f or t h e contest, scoring 13 points, 
'"'lowed bv Vic Wong with five. Frank 
CVov ->nd Jack Lee also played well. 

Nulite staged a strong second-half 
-->1v to overtake rhe ScOut Juniors to 
»•••'->. after trailing 16-8 at half. Jue with 
ricrht points. Chew with seven and Leong 
with six were the Nulite's mainstays. For 
rh" ScoMts. Charles Low was outstanding 
>• ■•'h eiqht d'qits, while Al Young and 
F-"d Wong also turned in a good game. 



Pjge 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



December 27, 1935 



SPORTS 






San Jose to 

Play Young China 

San Jose's Chinese Student Club bas- 
ketball team will engage the Young Chi- 
nese Athletic Club of Oakland on Dec. 
29. The probable starting lineup for the 
peninsula team is named as follows: 
Forwards, Gaius Shew and James Chow; 
center, Steve Chow; guards, Jimmy Lee 
and Harry Lee. All five players are form- 
er star* of the- San Jose High School, 
while the Lee brothers were chosen AU- 
Peninsula during their last year of com- 
petition. 

Any team in the Bay Region wishing 
to arrange a contest with the San Jose 
Club is asked to write to Manager Gluyas 
Lee, 99 North 5 Street, San Jose. 



. ST. MARY'S A. C. ESTABLISHED 

The St. Mary's Athletic Club was 
officially launched last Sunday afternoon 
at a party held in the auditorium of the 
Catholic Chinese Social Center. More 
than 60 of the 85 charter members were 
present. John Chinn, chairman of this 
new club, acted as master of ceremonies, 
and opened the meeting with a talk out- 
lining its aims and prospects. 

Present also was Father Johnson, 
director of the Social Center, who in his 
speech emphasized the fact that the S. 
M. A. C. should aim at the highest 
ideals of sportsmanship, fair play, team 
work,, and inter.group harmony at all 
times. He also stated that when the mem- 
bets of the club have proven themselves 
good and worthy athletes that every op- 
portunity will be afforded them to dev- 
elop- their skill. 

John Chinn announced that five bas- 
ketball teams, from 80 to 130 pounds, 
have been formed, and that a coach will 
be secured soon to train them. Initiation 
fees are twenty-five cents, and monthly 
dues are ten cents for each member. 
Charge for lockers are ten cents a month, 
and five cents for each shower. The 
meeting concluded with distribution of 
membership cards and refreshments. 
• • 

ALFRED B. CHONC 

A HAPPY NEW YEAR 

INSURANCE 

Special Agent 

Kansas C'ly Life Insurance Co. 

Office SUtter 3995; Re*. PRoapect 813} 

111 Sutter St., San Francisco 



Scouts Beat Lowa 

Before a large crowd at the French 
court last Sunday night, Troop Three 
Scout Seniors scored a 24-22 victory 
over the Lowa Athletic Club of Los An- 
geles, to remain undefeated so far this 
season. 

Captain Earl Wong with 15 points, 
was the spark plug who carried the 
Scouts to win, followed by Henry Kan 
with eight! The other point was scored 
by Don Lee. 

For the southern team, Captain 
George Tong was the mainstay and high 
scorer, with eight points, while George 
Lee " scored seven. Richard Hong also 
played a good game. 

• • 

CERAMIC ART 

(Continued from Page 12) 
pushing out process. It may have been 
modelled after a bronze li. Primitive pot- 
tery was sometimes moulded by slapping 
a "pancake" shaped piece of moist clay 
over an inverted jar or a piece of globu- 
lar shaped rock. The Chou Dynasty 
"rope impression" vessels resemble the 
Pueblo corrugated wares, but are not 
produced by the coil method. Chou Dyn- 
asty records already spoke of "wheelers 
and moulders". 

Copyrighted, 1935, by Chingwah Lee. 
(Next Week: How to Study Spur 
Marks.) 

• • 

CHINESE INVENTIONS 

(Continued from Page 6) 
cards and dominoes were undoubtedly 
introduced into Europe during the 
Mongol invasion, when both Mongol 
soldiers and Chines^ staff members car- 
ried cards with them into Europe. Chi. 
nese artisans who settled in Tabriz and 
other Persian towns also assisted in itt 
dissemination. Mah jong being such a 
complicated game, it did not leave China 
until our time. The game is destined for 
a revival in the West. (Next week: 
China Had the First League of Nations.) 



SEASON'S CREETINCS 


Happy and Prosperous New Year 


THE 


JADE 


BEAUTY SHOP 


850 JACKSON 


ST - CHina 2233 


iiiiimmiummiiimigjiinimujiimim: nir.in.ni.ift 



CHINESE STUDENTS 
(Continued from Page 9) 

In Tientsin, the several thousand stu- 
dents of the Nankai Middle School 
swung into line. Students in Shanghai, 
Nanking, and Wuhan followed immedi- 
ately, adding more than 10,000 youths 
to the movement. 

In Nanking,. 3000 of them picketed 
government buildings and demanded 
military action to save North China! In 
the other larger cities the students dem- 
onstrated and harangued the populace, 
passing printed propaganda, and send- 
ing telegrams and representatives to 
rally more students. As the movement 
gathered increasing momentum and as 
their patriotic fervor reached the point 
of hysteria, the students in Peiping 
threw reason and prudence to the winds 
and began to incite riots. Bloodshed was 
inevitable. The forces of law and order 
were not heeded. The police attempted 
to drive back the demonstrators with 
clubs and bayonets. From fire hoses 
steady streams of rushing water was em- 
ployed to disperse the students. As the 
melee died down, ten of the youths were 
found killed and more than a dozen 
seriously injured. 

No Let-Down in Sight 

But the demonstrations went on, now 
more heated and furious than ever be- 
fore. Peiping, within and without the city 
gates, became in a few days a city of 
rioting students. 

In Tientsin, 370 students of the Nan- 
kai school decided on a concerted "death 
march" to Nanking, 600 miles south- 
ward. Carrying a blanket each to brave 
the freezing winter cold- they intended 
to march on foot to the capital to plead 
with the government to take action 
against autonomy in the north. It was a 
spectacular action, but it was futile, for 
before they had got very far authorities 
took action and summarily ordered them 
back to their homes. 

And up to this week the country's 
aroused students continued their agita- 
tions unabated. Classrooms remained 
empty and school books were completly 
forgotten, for once more, as in 1919, the 
students have again taken up the respon- 
sibility of rousing the country to action 
■gainer imminent Japanese invasion into 
China proper. 

Of the probable effects of this new 
student movement, a further chapter will 
be taken up in this column next week 



December. 27; 1935: 



CHINESE p ICES J 



r.ga 15 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



UNIQUE GRADUATION ON BOAT 

An innovation, in graduation exercises 
was performed when the HazMore 
School of Dress presented Miss Rose 
Tom her diploma aboard the Steamer 
Lurline on which she sailed Dec. 18. 

The class came en masse to witness 
this ceremony and to wish their friend 
a bon' voyage. Miss Tom has been attend- 
ing the school since her arrival from 
Honolulu a year ago. The regular class 
will graduate some time in Jan. 1936 
after ; the school has been renovated. 
Among those graduating then will be: 
Misses Rosie Chinn, Edna K. Choy, and 
Yim Ling. 

• • 
Olive Wong Returns 

Olive Y. Wong returned to San Fran- 
cisco fast week aboard the S. S. Coolidge 
from China, where she sojourned for a 
lengthy vacation. Olive is remembered 
as one of the most enthusiastic tennis, 
baseball, and basketball players among 
the girls. 

• • 



HEAD OF NANKING MINT SAILS 

Mr. Chung Mong Yin, a Hawaiian- 
born Chinese, and his wife stopped at 
San Francisco for a brief visit ^en route 
to China. Mr. Chung, who is head of 
the coining Department of the Central 
Mint at Nanking, is returning to the Far 
East after having stayed in the Eastern 
states since last March, studying the 
American method of coining. 



i i.juunni i nH i nHiinu i mum i i i ! 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 

NEW 

CENTURY 

BEVERAGE 

CO. 

Manufacturers of 

Orange Crush 

Champagne Cider 

Belfast Products 



820 Pacific St. 



DOuglas 0547 



San Francisco, California 

"~ t "-"t"""""'"""iliin i niinHrllnMulnm im 



THE THOUGHTFUL GIFT 

Arc you wondering what you will give HIM, HER or THEM 
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It will be educational, stimulating, and chock full of every- 
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EIGHT MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 

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Enclosed please find the sum of (dollars) for 

which send your special gift offer for eight months' sub- 
scription to 



NAME 

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DIRECTORY OF CHINESE 
BAZAARS 



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406 Grant Avenue — ■', 

Antiques, silk, tea, ginger, gifts 
SUEY CHONG COMPANY, 
515 Grant Avenue — 

Slippers, pajamas, antiques. 
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444 Grant Avenue — 

Garments, jewelry, gifts. 
PEKING BAZAAR, 
458 Grant Avenue — 

Decorative art, furniture, gifts 
KWONG TUNG BAZAAR 
528 Grant Avenue 

Curios, novelties, ornaments. 
CHINA MERCANTILE CO. 

543 Grant Avenue — 

Silk goods, souvenirs, curios. 
CHINA TRADING COMPANY 
531 Grant Avenue — 

Porcelain, tableware, gifts. 
KWONG SANG COMPANY 
540 Grant Avenue — 

Art goods, prizes, pajamas. 
GUMLING COMPANY, 

544 Grant Avenue — 

Robes, silk goods, decorations. 
FOOCHOW COMPANY, 
550 Grant Avenue — 

Curios, novelties, souvenirs. 
TIENTSIN BAZAAR, 
564 Grant Avenue — 

Baskets, rattan and wickerwork 
SING CHONG BAZAAR, 
601 Grant Avenue — 

Ceramics, cloissonne, silk 
CANTON BAZAAR, 
616 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, chests, vases, bronzes. 
SHANGHAI BAZAAR, 
645 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaware, curios, novelties. 
WAH SANG LUNG, 
667 Grant Avenue — 

Furniture, antiques, ivory goods. 
CHINA-WARE SHOP, 
700 Grant Avenue — 

Chinaware, curios, confections 
W. YOUNG COMPANY, 
843 Grant Avenue — 
Brassware, rattanware. 
CHEW CHONG TAI, 
905 Grant Avenue — 

Silk hangings, robes, slippers. 
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95 3 Grant Avenue — 

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CHINESE DIC EST 



December 27. 1935 





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Vol. 3, No. 1 



January, 1937 



Ten Cents 



THE COMING GENERATION 




Interesting indeed is school to the present-day Chinese children. All day long they may be seen at the 
American public schools. A brief hour or so, and most of them are on their way to attend Chinese classes 

(See Editorial Comment) 



Page 2 


CHINESE DIGEST 




January, 19: 




SOCIOLOGICAL 


DATA 





A SURVEY OF EARLY CHINESE- 
AMERICAN RELATIONS 



By MISS ALICE P. FONG 

The study of the commonwealth of 
California, a veritable nation in itself 
from the very beginning, unfolds un- 
limited and untold fields of research into 
its fascinating history. The peopling of 
this charming chosen land of the Pacific, 
for instance, reveals an interesting pa- 
geant of humanity at once fantastic and 
illuminating. The part played in this 
pageant by the Chinese, as a race and as 
individuals, has occupied the minds or 
writers and research students of the East 
and West from the earliest period of 
human recordings down to the present 
time. 

In the light of present inadequate re- 
search respecting the antiquity and mi- 
grations of man, some facts or deduced 
opinions from myths and beliefs through- 
out the world regarding him, may be 
taken as truths and some, certainly, as 
revealing indications worthy of further 
speculation and study. Interpretations 
of some of the legendary accounts of the 
Chinese, a field vast in significance, by 
early European writers of the early 18th 
century, linked China and America in 
its discovery by Chinese explorers in the 
fifth century A. D. (Narrative and Cri- 
tical History of America. Vol. I Pre- 
Columbia Explorations). Furthermore, 
17th century inquirers into the origin of 
man in America (Origin and Antiquity 
of Man in America — Vol. I of above 
book) early pointed to Asia as the home 
of the American ancestor. 

Be this as it may, nevertheless, we do 
have definite knowledge regarding the 
widespread relations of the Chinese for 
a period of over 2,000 years (China and 
the West — Chapter XV). In this 
period of trading abroad, the Chinese 
have established colonies all over the 
world. 

Ancient Chinese junks explored the 
Pacific Coast into the Equatorial regions, 
plied into the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean 
and points westward. By land, the Chi- 
nese penetrated eastward in all directions. 
In the days when the Roman civilization 
flourished, Chinese silks, spices, and o- 
ther luxuries had made their appearance 
in the Wetern hemisphere and gained 
widespread interest in China. This in- 
terest was later to culminate in a feverish 
period of western exploration and search 
for new passages to China after the fate- 
ful domination and termination of the 
Eastern caravan routes by the emergence 



of Turkish power. Thus, with the discov- 
ery of a western passage, the world was 
made round. The world moves and its 
peoples spread over her resulting in hu- 
man inter-relationships of every kind. 

Electrified by the slogan "On to Ca- 
thay", the Portuguese, the Spanish, the 
Ehitch, the Italians, and the English 
went to China and established trade 
relations with her during the 15 th cen- 
tury. Following the French, the Russ- 
ians, and the Germans, the Americans 
were the last of the European races to 
arrive in search of her trade (China and 
the West — Chapters VI and VII). 
The year 1784 is significant in the 
annals of Chinese - American relations. 
The American clippers, early symbols 
of maritime strength of the new Am- 
erican nation, began vigorously to com- 
pete with English shipping and trade at 
this time. The "Empress of China", 
commanded by Captain Green, sailed 
from New York with a cargo of Ameri- 
can ginseng, and herbal root found effi- 
cacious to the Indians and the Chinese 
as medicine, and arrived in Canton on 
August 28th, 1784. Diplomatic Samuel 
Shaw acted as supercargo and established 
immediate trade relations with China on 
a par with other European nations. 
This relationship increased as carrying 
trade of American ships of Chinese careo 
for the American Pacific coast and the 
Atlantic seaboard i-r.proved. Immediate- 
ly afrer this period, Amerrican trade 
contacts with China became more sig- 
nificant. So much so that in 1786, Sam- 
uel Shaw was appointed by the American 
Continental Congress to be the first Am- 
erican consul to be attached to any for- 
eign land, to China to safeguard further 
expansion of American trade. Further- 
more, Asa Whitney, (Builders of the 
Nation Series: The Railroad. Vol I) a 
New York merchant, returning from a 
residence in China from 1830 to 1835. 
was the first to dream of a continental 
railroad to connect the Atlantic with 
the Pacific and China in the interest of 
capturing the Oriental trade. His breadth 
of vision caused him to realize the mag- 
nitude of this idea and to want to ex- 
pand these pregnant trade possibilities 
for the United States. However, although 
he gave his life, his enthusiasm, and his 
whole fortune to this aim, it was not to 
be realized until many years later. 

In Chinese early relations with other 
peoples, there had always been inter- 
course of ideas as well as commodities 
(The International Relations of the 
Chinese Empire. Vol. I). Therefore, 
the next date of importance in Chinese 



American relations is 1847. On April 
2nd of that year, China sent her first 
three students to New York to study 
American life and insitutions. These 
first students, fore-runners of many more 
to come later to win a better under- 
standing of the far east and a more 
sympathetic endorsement of the aspira- 
tions of the Chinese, were enrolled in 
schools in Massachusetts (The Chinese 
Abroad, pp. 240-267). Yung Wing, 
one of the three, stayed to graduate from 
Yale, the first Chinese to graduate from 
an American college, while the other two 
went on to Europe for advanced study. 
Upon graduation, he returned to China, 
encouraged more students to studv in Am- 
erica. In 1872, Yung Wing headed a 
mission of 30 students to America to 
study, paving the way for their successors 
to discover a common ground for inter- 
racial harmony and cooperation in hu- 
man welfare and relationship between 
China and the United States. 

American trade relations with China 
as compared with those of the Europeans, 
had always been pleasant. She had no 
colonial ambitions and her policy was 
never aggressive. However, absorbed in 
the opening of the west due to gold dis- 
coveries, and later, the Civil War, her 
interest in Chinese trade began to de- 
cline noticeably. While on the other 
hand, economic rivalry and political in- 
trigues of the foreign nations in China, 
caused China to despair of such foreign 
intercourse and entanglements. Subse- 
quent events led to rapid and successive 
unbalancing of the equilibrium of China 
causing great migrations of her people. 
In 1848, an American merchant (Chi- 
nese — Chapter IV) family returning 
from China, brought the first three Chi- 
nese, 2 men and one woman, to the Pa- 
cific Coast and landed them in San Fran- 
cisco. Further migration of traders fol- 
lowed. These early peaceable immi- 
grants formed a respectable and well- 
liked section in the turbulent gold-rush 
days of unsettled Yerba Buena. Recog- 
nizing the worth of these unobtrusive 
strangers as a valuable adjunct to the 
life of the city, Mayor Geary, Vice Con- 
sul Woodworth, and Reverend Albert 
Williams held a novel and interesting 
ceremony on Portsmouth Square on Au- 
gust 28, 1850, to invite them to join in 
the city's funeral ceremonies to be held 
the following day for President Taylor, 
and presented them with religious tracts, 
books and papers printed in Chinese, as 
a gesture of goodwill and friendship 
(Annals of San Francisco - pp 287-288) - 
(To Be Continued) 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 3 



FAR EAST 



PRESENT POLITICAL 
CRISIS IN CHINA 

The action of Rebel Marshal Chang 
Hsueh-liang in detaining Generalissimo 
Chiang Kai-shek at Sian-fu, Shensi prov- 
ince, is clearly an issue of a warlord 
defying the authority of the central gov- 
ernment. The young marshal did not 
realize that the course of action which 
he is pursuing is exactly what the central 
government is dedicated under the teach- 
ings and inspiration of Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
to exterminate in China. The present 
attitude of the government in not order- 
ing the punitive expedition to Sian-fu is 
not the plea of General Chiang to avoid 
a civil war, but to give Madame Chiang 
and T. V. Soong time to exhaust the 
pending negotiations. 

Acting Premier H. H. Kung, although 
a brother-in-law of the detained General, 
clearly expressed the attitude of the gov- 
ernment in a radio broadcast from Nan- 
king that the life of one individual — 
however valuable — will not deter the gov- 
ernment from enforcing its orders. Chang 
Hsueh-liang was impeached by the Con- 
trol Yuan and stripped of all govern- 
ment posts, and regardless of the out- 
come of the present negotiations, he will 
be punished by the government for his 
act. 

The Far Eastern observer of the Chi- 
nese Digest listed the following possible 
motives for the action of Chang Hseuh- 
liang in detaining Generalissimo Chiang 
Kai-shek at Sian-fu: 

1. He is a rich man's son who has 
enjoyed all the privileges of wealth. Per- 
haps his act was prompted by a desire 
for personal exaltation, a desire to re- 
gain the prestige he had lost with the 
loss of Manchuria. 

2. His soldiers, having lost their home 
in Manchuria and being poor men at 
best, may have listened sympathetically to 
Communist propaganda. Perhaps Chang 
Hseuh-liang may have had the co-opera- 
tion of the Chinese Red Armies in this 
move. 

3. It may have been inspired by the 
Japanese, desiring the collapse of China's 



SEASON'S GREETINGS 

from the 

COMFORT SHOE 
STORE 

754 Grant Ave. CHina 2288 



reconstruction, which would facilitate 
further Japanese aggression in China. 

4. It may have been inspired by the 
Russians, preferring to let China lead 
a campaign to halt the Japanese expan- 
sion on the continent. General Chiang 
was detained until such time when he 
would declare war on Japan. 

5. It may be the result of internal poli- 
tical manipulations on the part of the 
Chinese themselves to check any ambi- 
tions of General Chiang to become a 
powerful dictator. 

Whatever may be the motives of Chang 
Hseuh-liang, foreign or domestic, per- 
sonal or patriotic, he has been adjudged 
by the government as a rebel, and the 
concensus of opinion of the Chinese at 
home and abroad concur. Young Chang 
was sent to Shensi province to suppress 
the Communist invaders, and the laxity 
of his campaigns brought the personal 
visit of the Generalissimo to Sian-fu. 
There Chang shot forty-six of the fifty- 
two high military officials of the central 
government in cold blood and detained 
the Generalissimo as a political prisoner. 

In 1931, while Chang was in Peipng, 
the Japanese attacked Mukden on Sep- 
tember 18th, and his subsequent inaction 
and indecision led to the loss of China's 
three Northeastern provinces. He would 
have been impeached then, and stripped 
of his governmental positions, but Gen- 
eral Chiang spared him and sent him 
out of the country to Europe. Upon his 
return in 1933, he was appointed Vice- 
Commander-in-chief of the Bandit Sup- 
pression Forces, and given high positions 
in the Party and the Government. This 
was done in accordance to an old Chinese 
political principle of providing good 
deeds to redeem one's evil ways. In- 
stead of responding to the alturism of 
Generalissimo Chiang, the irresponsible 
Marshal is paving his way in China's 
history as another classical traitor. 

Chang Hsueh-liang thought the central 



ARTHUR CHONC 

OPTOMETRIST 



8 746 Grant Ave. 



CHina 2131s 



government would yield to his demands 
if he detained the Generalissimo, but 
General Ho Ying-ching, the Minister of 
War, was appointed acting Commander- 
in-chief of the armed forces of the na- 
tion to cope with the emergency, and 
the central government's troops and 
bombing planes surrounded Sian-fu with- 
in a distance of twenty-five miles. Mili- 
tary commanders telegraphed their loy- 
alty to the central authorities and their 
denunciations to Chang Hsueh-liang. If 
necessary the government troops will at- 
tack Sian-fu even at the risk of the Gen- 
eralissimo's life. 

The unification of China and the 
strength of the central government are # 
no longer theories, but rapidly becoming 
the strength of a modern state. 



San Francisco 



SEASON'S 
CREETI NCS 



Dr. Chang W. Lee 



SAN 
FRANCISCO 



Page 4 



CHINESE DICEST 



CULTURE 



January, 1937 



CHINGWAH LEE 



THE WILLIAM EDWARD COLBY 
EXHIBIT 

''The period we live in has witnessed the 
destruction of many things that other men 
created and fostered with the whole energy 
and passion of which human beings are cap- 
able, and that once completed they held 
precious and preserved until a young and 
impatient generation destroyed them. Among 
these the fall from power of the Emperor of 
China, who bore no less a title than the Son 
of Heaven, with the repudiation of the tra- 
dition which has been fostered for four 
thousand years or more until it governed the 
lives of some four hundred millions of hu- 
man beings is the most tremendous cultural 
cataclysm in the history of the world. That 
gorgeous court whose every ceremony was 
ordered by sumptuary law and inextricably 
interwoven with the thought and life of the 
race has been swept away, and we have left 
only the inanimate shells to give us an un- 
derstanding of what they were and how they 
lived. Of these, the clothes, both ordinary 
and ceremonial are the quickest and most 
universal, for they appeal to the instinct 
for adornment which seems natural to all 
life . . ." 

— Alan Priest and Pauline Simmons, in 
"Chinese Textile" Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art Handbook. 



San Francisco is fortunate indeed in hav- 
ing an exhibit of Chinese textiles from the 
collection of William Edward Colby, prom- 
inent attorney of this city. This collection 
is the largest private one in the United States, 
and the largest and most important one ever 
assembled on the Pacific Coast. 

The exhibit on display this year repre- 
sents the section on symbolic priest robes, 
temple hangings, and related fabrics. Such 
speciment are seldom seen even in museums 
and are practically non-existent among all 
but the most exclusive dealers of Far Eastern 
art. There are many reasons why this ex- 
hibit is a boom to all connoisseurs of tex- 
tiles: 

1. There is a large Imperial Throne Cur- 
tain which measures 21 feet wide and 16 feet 
high. Of yellow satin brocade, it bears the 
nine-dragon pattern, a design reserved for 
the Emperor only. It belongs to the Ch'ien 
Lung period and was originally the heir- 
loom of Emperor Hseun Tung. No one can 
behold this majestic Throne Curtain without 
feeling something of the power and might 
of hwang ti. Never again will the world be 
able to create another brocade like this — 
not unless millions of gifted subjects bow 
once more before a monarch with unlimited 
resources. 

2. The sacred textiles are particularly 
rich in color and symbolic designs. They 
stand unrivalled by garments the world over. 
The barbaric feather cloaks of the Aztec and 
the headdresses of the Inca priests are said to 
have the same brilliancy, but they lack the 
sublety of symbolic designs and had to de- 
pend on the birds for their colors. "Once a 
year there was a great gathering of high 
priests of China, usually in Peking. On such 




From The William Edward Colby Collection 

K'o suu — The Last Word in Tapestry. Chen Lung 
Period. Visit of The Queen of The Western Paradise 
in The Garden of Immortality. 



occasion the sheer gorgeousness of display 
and pageant of color was one of the out- 
standing human scene? in the whole history 
of the world, rivalled only by the trapping? 



and costumes worn on gab occasions by i In- 
Imperial Court of China itself." 

3. The exhibit is well represented i>\ the 
la>t word in the various types represented 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DICE ST 



Page 5 



CHINESE TEXTILES 



CHINESE DISCOVERIES 
AND INVENTIONS 
Nos. XXVI -XXXI: The Chinese 
achieved sericulture and the bro- 
cade loom; originated the twill 
weave, the satin weave, and other 
weaves; devised the Peking stitch, 
the Peking knot stitch, and other 
embroidery stitches. 
The history of Chinese textiles has yet to 
be written. Rare specimens of early Chinese 
fabrics are closely guarded in museums at 
Nara, New Delhi, Leningrad, London, and 
Berlin. Until data on these materials are re- 
leased for comparative study, little can be 
said about the early loom, dye, and em- 
broidery technics. Silk textiles, whose origin 
probably goes back to the plant and wool 
fabrics of the near and middle east and 
thence to neolithic basketry, may be studied 
under various headings: rugs, brocades and 
other fabrics, tapestry, and embroidery. 

According to popular tradition silk cul- 
ture was attributed to Empress Hsi Ling 
Shih, consort of the legendary Emperor 
Huang Ti (2698-2798 B.C.), and tailored 
clothing was said to have originated at that 
time also. "Previous to that, men went 
around in fur and hemn." More likely seri- 

brocade, velvet, tapestry, and embroideries. 
"It took years of skilled painstaking labor by 
artists to make some of the robes on exhibi- 
tion. The combination of colors are made 
with the same rare judgment that character- 
ize the best in Chinese art." For example, 
there is a satin hanging with a rich plum 
black color, and a velvet palace carpet hav- 
ing a deep cool green as restful as a new cut 
lawn — an answer to those who think all 
things Chinese necessarily have vivid colors. 
Some of the textiles date back to the Ming 
Dynasty. 

4. The rare k'o szu or silk tapestry is 
represented by some marvelous examples — 
specimens which Emperors and Mandarins 
would have treasured. This type of weave is 
exclusively Chinese, and the art of making 
the finer type is gone with the ebb of Dynas- 
tic power. 

5. Of interest, too, is the large drum in 
the main room, over six feet in diameter, the 
body being carved from a single section of a 
tree. "This great drum came from a temple 
just outside Peking, which was attended by 
the Imperial family, and boomed the hours 
of worship for upward of five centuries. It 
could be heard for miles." 

Silk textiles should be of special interest 
to us who are in touch with the bazaars of 
Chinatown and so are in a position to collect 
at least some of the embroideries. The rare 
ones are already disappearing from the mar- 
ket, and one day we will awake to find that 
classic textiles will be as rare as classic por- 
celain. Already the market is filled with 
cheap modern "imitations." The reason is 
obvious. The textile centers, such as Peiping, 
Tientsin, and Canton have already been sub- 
jected to Western influence, and gifted young 
maidens are no longer willing to go blind 
■over seed stitches. 



culture had its start about 3500 years ago. 
Lexigrapher Hsu Shen (died 120 A.D.) 
stated that no ideograph for silk occurred 
before the Chou Dynasty (1122 B.C.). 

Sir Aurel Stein discovered in Chinese 
Turkestan not only woolen twill, damask, 
tapestry, and pile carpet of the Han Dynasty, 
(206 B.C-220 A.D.) but also plain silk cloth 
(rip weave), figured gauze (leno weave), 
figured monochrome damasks (figure 
weave?) , and polychrome figured silk (wrap, 
twill weave). This last weave was copied 
successfully by the Egyptians, but was fin- 
ally introduced into Europe during the 
T'ang Dynasty. 

Both brocades (silk damask) and k'o ssu 
(silk tapestry) probably originated during 
the Han Dynasty also, and represents the 
transfer from wool to silk as a medium. 
Specimens of them dates only to the Sung 
Dynasty, although references were made cen- 
turies earlier. Many varieties of brocades 
are made today, including those using sil- 
ver and gold thread. Many elements in the 
Robert and Jacquard looms could be traced 
back to the early Chinese brocade looms. 

Some of the finer k'o ssu have tied welf 
ends, resulting in a two-faced fabric — a 
very painstaking process. If duplicated in 
wool, a foot-square piece of k'o suu would 
be approximately eight and a half feet 
square (allowing 780 silk threads and 90 
wool threads to a foot). 

Most silk fabrics are of the plain weave 
crepe de Chine, crepe georgette, silk poplin, 
taffeta, China silk, chiffon, faille, Shantung 
(Shan Tung tu ssu or Shantung tussore), 
and pongee (pen chi). The satin weave have 
the welt go over three every time it goes 
under one wrap. Modern satin weaves in- 
clude satin, charmeuse, crepe metior, and 
peau de soie. Foulard is the only twill weave 
I know. 

Satin, said to be named after a Chinese 
city, Zei-tun, by the Arabs, was introduced 
into Europe during the Yuan Dynasty. At 
that time Chinese textiles revolutionized 
the textile designs of Italy, and hence of all 
Europe. Many of the Christian sacred robes 
were made to order in China, and these also 
were under strong Chinese influence. 

The earliest known silk velvet dates only 
to the Ming Dynasty. Speciment included 
the cut voided cloth velvet ( plain or bro- 
caded), cisele solid velvet, and the cut solid 
twill velvet. The technic may have been im- 
ported from Persia. 

During the Han Dynasty the Chinese em- 
broiderers have about eight embroidery 
stitches (loop, knot, couched twist, ap- 
plique, satin, stem, buttonhole, and quilting 
stitches), and the surprising thing is that 
the number has not increased much during 
the past two thousand years. 

The loop or chain stitch is found on the 
first Stein discovery. Many variations are 
in use today. The Peking knot stitch (also 
known as the seed or forbidden stitch) is to 
be distinguished from the French knot in 
that the thread of the former is twisted 
only once around the needle. It is easily 
made and is smaller and more practicable 



than the French knot. 

The Peking knot should also be distin- 
guished from the Peking stitch. The latter 
is done by working a line of slack back 
stitches, and then running another thread, 
either of the same or of another color, in and 
out of the back stitches in the form of a row 
of loops without the thread entering the 
ground fabric except to fasten on and off. 

The simple couched stitch is often seen in 
combination with the satin and split stitch. 
The couched twist stitch is made by twisting 
two silk threads tightly together and then 
couching. Applique is embroidery on sepa- 
rate pieces of paper or scrim for fastening to 
the ground fabric. The buttonhole and quilt- 
ing stitches are rarely used but not unknown. 
The split, the cross, and the back stitches are 
frequently used. The er mien ti ("two-face 
stitch") of the Chinese is the Holbein stitch 
of the West. 

The satin stitch, either short or long, is 
the most frequently encountered one. The 
long stitches gives the design a "furry" ap- 
pearance, especially if a flossy thread is used. 
Likewise, solid quilted ground appears like 
a piece of fur or felt. Great skill was lavished 
on the satin stitches. For example, encroach- 
ments are made to form definite lines which 
aid in giving "structural quality" to petals, 
butterfly wings, etc. Keeping an even width 
of the material between different sections of 
a design also demands unusual attention. 
The marvelous way in which a thread or two 
of the ground fabric is left unworked be- 
tween petals of flowers is still another in- 
stances of tax on skill and eyesight. Some of 
our modern production hurts only the eyes 
of the beholders. 

The finest satin embroidery I ever en- 
countered was the "Head of Christ" dis- 
played at the 1915 Exposition. The young 
lady who did the embroidery employed 
more than 500 differently colored threads, 
dyeing many of them herself to get the right 
shade and hue. Unfortunately, the panel was 
not adequately displayed and escaped the 
notice of most of the visitors. 

After the Ming Dynasty several new 
stitches were imported, probably from Eu- 
rope. Among these we find such counted 
canvas stitches as the Florentine, the petit 
point, and the surface darning stitch. These 
are often used to cover the entire ground, 
thereby completely obliterating the gauze or 
plain weave on which it is done. 

Peacock feathers, gold and silver foils 
wrapped over paper or leather mem- 
brane, brass bound mirrors, metallic discs, 
silver or gold wound threads and cables, tiny 
bells, tassels, fringes, floss balls, and other 
foreign substances were frequently used in 
connection with embroidery, but the chief 
charm of the art lies in the wealth of sym- 
bolic designs, the bold display of colors, and 
the patience and skill displayed. 

Reference: Embroidery, the Embroiderers' 
Journal, London, September, 1935; Chinese 
Textiles, Metropolitan Museum of Art,' 
1934; Romance of Silk, Chinese Digest, 
Vol. 1, No. 5 ; Textiles, by Woolman and Mc- 
Gowan ; Shuo Wen ; Kuo Wen Pen Chi, etc. 



Page 6 



CHIN E S E "D'l CE ST 



January, 1931 



CHINATOWNIA 



ROAMING 'ROUND 

WITH R. R. 

Ho Hum, another month has come and 
gone ... I hear that . . . there remains 
only 7 days more in which a girl can 
propose without being harnessed ... or 
is it embarrassed? Yes, ma'm, four long 
years before the next Leap Year comes 
to our shores again . . . MARGARET 
CHOY of Crockett was in town for the 
holidays. She had a nice time renewing 
old friendships . . . DANIEL WONG 
of Fresno is certainly a regular visitor 
in Hanford. Can it be the girls there? 
. . . FANNIE and ANNIE FOOEY, sis- 
ters of SAMMY, the amateur boxer of 
Red Bluff, were in Marysville for the 
football game and cheered till they were 
hoarse. Good reasons why their team 
won! . . . Can I believe my eyes? If that 
isn't SUSIE LOWE of Stockton and is 
she growing up fast! . . . RAYMOND 
AH TYE is helping his brother, DILLY, 
JR., at the latter's gas station in Stock- 
ton . . .PHIL LEE if Bakersfield was a 
recent visitor up here. I'll keep the "ob- 
ject of your affections" up North a secret 
for you, Phil . . . MAY KO of Bakers- 
field recently gave a card party for a 
trio of popular Frisco boys . . . BOB 
WONG who has won several amateur 
singing contests is slated to appear at 
the Mandarin on New Year's Eve to sing 
in the Special Revue . . . EDWARD 
HEE of Fowler was visiting in San Diego 
last week. By the way, Eddie, aren't you 
going the wrong way? . . . GEORGE 
YOUNG is the new owner of the Chungs 
Market in Salinas; MAYE CHUNG is 
still there . . . The Salinas Waku School's 
Benefit Show proceeds will start con- 
struction of a school building . . . SEY- 
MOUR CHAN, with MAE JANG in- 
terpreting, returned thanks to the Am- 
erican and Chinese merchants who con- 
tr-buted . . . BOB YOUNG and HENRY 
JUNG are taking correspondence courses 



in radio . . . DOROTHY HAW and 
MARY LEE, attired in dainty Chinese 
costumes, are behind the hanky counter 
at the Gimbel Brothers store . . . JOHN 
HAW is at the Philco Radio plant . . . 
GLORIA MARK is one of the Chelten- 
ham High School hockey team's bright 
stars. Gosh and we have no ice out here 
in sunny California . . . RALPH JUNG 
is now attending the Rising Sun Aircraft 
School in Philadelphia. Upon his gradu- 
aton next year, he will leave for China 
to enter some branch of this fascinating 
industry .. . Other Chinese boys attend- 
ing the school are HARRY LEONG, 
HOWARD YICK and PAUL SZE . . . 
Now, boys, "JACKIE" ONG of Sacra- 
mento isn't a boy, it is a MISS Jackie 
Ong . . . WOODROW LOUIE escorted 
two fair damsels to the Sacramento Stu- 
dents Skating Party. By the way, here is 
a tip. Don't shake hands with footballer 
Louie. He is so strong that when he 
shakes hands with you, well — that's why 
I can't type this week . . . We find BEN- 
NY CHOYE, TOMMY LEONG, HER- 
BIE LEE and LEON SHEW behind the 
counter of MYRON CHAN'S Twin 
Dragons Cocktail Temple . . . ANDY 
YUKE and DAVE SUM pound out 
sweet notes on the piano . . . The L. A. 
boys, football team and rooters, 30 
strong, invaded S. F. Sunday. They 
chartered a bus which blew a tire near 
Fresno on their way up and delayed 
their entrance to town somewhat . . . As 
ROLAND GOT, their captain, said on 
the radio broadcast from station KGGC 
the nite before the game, "It's lots of 
fun and we enjoyed it." Most of the 
players were "going to town" at the Vic- 
tory Dance given by sponsor THOMAS 
TONG the same night at St. Mary's 
Auditorium . . . KEN UNG was leading 
the way. Besides being a fine halfback, 
he rhakes a mean hoof! . . . The L. A. 
boys will play the Oliver team which won 
the Japanese championship on Jan. 3rd 





I 


SEASON'S S X GREETINGS 

PHILIP H. FONC / \ JOHN J. KAN 

ACME \^W) BAKERY 

FDnGcWFDnG 

FDUnTRin^^^ BRKERy 

824 GRANT AVE. CHINA 1010 


! 





CATHAY CLUB ELECTS 

With important changes in its admini- 
stration, the Cathay Club held its annual 
election of officers and directors for 1937. 
Those elected were Mr. Dere Sheck, pres- 
ident, Mr. Arthur Hee, vice-president; 
Mr. Herbert J. Haim, secretary; Mr. 
King Wah Lee, financial secretary; Mr. 
Norman D. Chinn, treasurer; Mr. Wah 
Yee, social chairman; Mr. Walter M. 
Hing, sergeant-at-arms; Mr. Ernest M. 
Loo, property custodian; Mr. Thomas L. 
Lym, musical director; and Mr. Francis 
H Louie, athletic manager. 

With the exception of Mr. King Wah 
Lee, the above officers compose the board 
of directors together with Edwar Q. 
Dong and Wilbur D. Yee. 

in L. A . . . FRANK CHAN did all the 
announcing on the public address system 
at the game . . . CHARLES LEONG of 
L. A. assisted him in identifying the 
players . . . JACK FONG and CHAR- 
LEY HING, both of whom played 58 
minutes of swell football came back that 
same evening and played basketball for 
Shangtai which defeated the T3 team. 
MARSHALL LEONG is quite an iron 
man, too, he is at fullback and tackle 
. . . WILLIE GINTGEE played so hard 
that he developed some wide open spaces 
in his football pants . . . Well, here we 
go . . . Merry Christmas and a Happy 
New Year to you all. Affectionately yours, 
"R. R." 




Serve 

BELFAST BEVERAGES 

at your next party or meeting 

Sparkling Cider 

Orange Crush 

Dry Ginger Ale 

NEW CENTURY 
BEVERAGE CO. 

820 Pacific Ave. DOuglas 0547 
San Francisco, California 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Nga 7 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



By William Hoy 



A LIST OF RECOMMENDED BOOKS 

ON CHINA AND THE CHINESE 

PUBLISHED DURING 1936, WITH 

BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OR 

COMMENTS. 

(Books already reviewed in the Chinese Di- 
gest and those to be reviewed later are 
indicated.) 

History, Politics and Current Affairs 

The Manchu Abdication and the Powers, 
1908-1912. By John Gilbert Reid. 497 pages. 
Berkeley: University of California Press. 
$5.00. 

A scholarly and well organized chrono- 
logical history of the events leading up to 
the dissolution of the Manchu dynasty and 
the part which Japan, Russia, United States, 
France and Great Britain played in it. 

China Changes. By Gerald Yorke. 334 
pages. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
$2.50. 

A good journalistic picture of China today, 
with accounts of the Communist movement, 
Chinese Buddhism, Toaism and the New Life 
Movement. The writer also described Chiang 
Kai-shek's crushing of the Fukien rebellion, 
the Central Government's campaign against 
the Chinese Soviet Republic, and the Japa- 
nese invasion of Jehol. 

The Far Eastern Crisis, Recollections and 
Observations. By Henry L. Stimson. 293 
pages. Illustrated, maps, appendices, index. 
New York: Harper & Bros. $3.75. 

Trenchant observations by a former Sec- 
retary of State on the part which the U.S. 
played in international diplomacy vis-a-vis 
Japan's seizure of Manchuria in 1931. A 
carefully documented, frank, straight-for- 
ward and sincere appraisal of the failure of 
organized machinery of peace as repre- 
sented in the League of Nations, to help 
China at a critical moment in her history. 
Written in a language characteristic of the 
man, Stimson pulled no punches. 

Can China Survive? By Hallet Abend and 
Anthony J. Billingham. 317 pages. Illus- 
trated, index. New York: Iver Washburn, 
Inc. S3 .00. 

Two American correspondents who have 
years of experience behind them in reporting 
men and events in China for the NY. Times, 
collaborated in this highly interesting vol- 
ume. It is factually accurate, realistic in 
viewpoint and analytical in tone. The au- 
thors present a rather gloomy picture of 
China's present and probable future. To be 
reviewed later. 

The New Social Order in China. By T'ang 
Leang-li. 282 pages. No. 6 in "China Today" 
Series. Shanghai: China United Press. U.S. 
$3.50. 

In this volume the editor of the People's 
Tribune goes back to ancient Chinese his- 
tory and philosophy to support the thesis 
that China's social order needs changing and 
is being changed under the aegis of the Kuo- 
Min Tang. The first few chapters on the 
civilization and philosophy of ancient China 
has been presented by the same author some 
years ago when he wrote The Foundations 
of Modern China, published in England. 



Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles are condensed 
into a few pages in the chapter on political 
changes. There are also chapters on labor, 
woman's movement and other phases in 
China's changing social order. This book is 
propaganda intelligently presented. A biblio- 
graphy, however, would have enhanced its 
usefulness. 

Drama and Music 

The West Chamber. Translated from the 
Chinese by Henry H. Hart. 236 pages. Stan- 
ford University Press, Palo Alto, California. 
$3.50. 

A competent translation of one of the 
greatest Chinese medieval dramas, beauti- 
fully printed and bound. Reviewed October 
23, 1936. 

The Western Chamber. Translated from 
the Chinese by S. I. Hsiung. New York: 
Liveright. $2.00. 

Another translation of Hsi Hsiang Chi, 
this time by a native playwright, remem- 
bered for his translation and adaptation of 
Lady Precious Stream. 

Foundations of Chinese Musical Art. By 
John Hazedcl Levis. 233 pages. Illustrated 
with musical compositions, appendix, bibl., 
index. Peiping: Henri Vetch. U.S. $6.00. 

An explanation of the basis and principles 
of the music of ancient China, for those with 
a sound knowledge of music. The author also 
explains and transcribes into modern nota- 
tion several ancient native music-poems, 
ending with comments on the value of this 
form of music today. 

Geography and Travel 

Historical and Commercial Atlas of China. 
By Albert Herrmann. 112 pages, bibl., index, 
list of Chinese characters. Cambridge, Mass., 
Harvard University Press. $5.00. 

This valuable atlas is the work of the 
Professor of Historical Geography in the 
University of Berlin and constitutes Vol- 
ume I in a Monograph Series prepared by 
the Harvard-Yenching Institute. In 60 beau- 
tifully executed maps the history of China 
is traced, from 1900 B.C. to the present day. 
The boundaries of China throughout almost 
4000 years of history, the political status and 
various periods are explained in detail. 
Other interesting maps include the home of 
Confucius, historic ruins, Europe in search 
of new routes to India and China, and the 
Chinese abroad. Not the least important 
part of the atlas is the exhaustive biblio- 
graphy given, map by map. There is an in- 
dex of geographical and proper names and 
a list of over 3000 Chinese characters rep- 
resenting the native names of all the known 
places in ancient and modern China. This 
is not an ordinary book of maps but an atlas 
of the history of China. 

News From Tartary: A Journey from 
Peking to Kashmir. By Peter Fleming. 384 
pages, illus. New York: Charles Scribner's 
Sons. $3.00. 

An English journalist-traveler with a vivid 
pen, accompanied by a Swiss woman jour- 
nalist, Ella Maillart, described their hazard- 
ous journey of 3500 miles over one of the 
world's less known and dangerous country. 
Hand in hand with good travel descrip- 



tions and accounts of their hazards, goes re- 
porting of British and Russian Far Eastern 
politics with respect to Chinese Turkestan. 
Illustrated with 50 superb pictures taken 
with the author's Leica camera. 

The Flight of "Big Horse." The Trail of 
War in Central Asia. By Sven Hedin. Trans- 
lated by F. H. Lyon, 263 pages, illus. $3.75. 

The world-famous explorer, now 70, de- 
scribed personal adventures, which he did 
not look for, in the midst of war scarred 
province of Sinkiang. He and his companions 
ran into a Chinese general named Ma 
Chung-yin — "Big Horse" himself — who was 
at war with another general named Chin 
Shu-jen. "Big Horse," in his turn, was being 
chased by White Russian Cossacks. And into 
this theatre of war the explorer and his party 
of Chinese engineers, surveyors and Mongol 
drivers landed. 

Art 

The Chinese on the Art of Painting. 
Translations and comments by Osvald Siren. 
261 pages. Peiping: Henri Vetch. U.S. $4.00. 

A collection of sayings of Chinese artists 
and art critics on the subject of painting, 
beginning from the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.) 
to the founding of the Chinese Republic. A 
valuable book of information on the Chi- 
nese theory of art. 

Some Technical Terms of Chinese Paint- 
ing. By Benjamin March. 56 pages, plates, 
diagrams, index. Washington, D. C, Ameri- 
can Council of Learned Societies. $1.50. 

Painstaking research and a year's experi- 
ence in China learning Chinese painting re- 
sulted in this volume, valuable for its ex- 
planations of technical terms of Chinese 
painting. The terms are listed in Chinese, 
with both translation and romanized equiva- 
lents, and classified under 12 headings, such 
as materials, forms, subjects, etc. The book 
was completed shortly before the author's 
death. 

Fiction 

Shanghai Deadline. By La Selle Gilman. 
273 pages. New York: Dodge Publishing 
Co. $2.50. 

A first novel, by an active American news- 
paper man in China, laid against the back- 
ground of the greatest commercial metrop- 
olis in the Far East. The story concerns an 
American newspaper man's life and loves, 
giving first-hand information on how news 
is obtained and written in China. An inter- 
esting and vivid story in spite of a weak 
plot. 

Yang and Yin. By Alice Tisdale Hobart. 
366 pages. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill 
Co. $2.50. 

The Great Monad of Chinese philosophy, 
the yin-yang principle, serves as the symbol 
for this, the third of a series of four novels 
the author has designed to render a picture 
of China's civilization today as its various 
phases of life come under the irresistible im- 
pact of the West. It tells the story of Peter 
Fraser's life as a man and as a mission doc- 
tor in China. In the larger issue "Yang and 
Yin" is to be taken as the coming together 
of Eastern and Western thought, "the beauty 
and excesses of each, the impact of one upon 



Page 8 



CHINES E DIGEST 



January, 1937 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



the other." 

Biography 

The Last Empress. By Daniele Vare. 320 
pages. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 
Doran & Co. S3 .00. 

The life of Tzu-Hsi, last of the Manchu 
rulers. Contains practically no new mate- 
rial, but its chief merit — which the author 
presumably intended ■ — is in its absorbing 
story told in beautiful prose. It is a dra- 
matic story dramatically told. The author, a 
former Italian minister to China, has studied 
his subject thoroughly. 

The Flight of An Empress. By VVu Yung. 
Translated by Ida Pruitt. 222 pages, illus., 
with Introduction by Kenneth Scott La- 
tourette. New Haven: Yale University 
Press. $2.50. 

A Chinese magistrate gives his account, 
flavored with flowery and euphemistic 
phrases, of the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, of 
the various happenings attendant upon the 
Empress Dowager and her Court's flight 
from Peking, and of his personal observa- 
tions and impressions of the Empress. The 
description of the Boxer's weird rites is one 
of the man}- interesting chapters. 

The Exile. By Pearl S. Buck. 315 pages. 
New York: Reynal & Hitchcock; a John 
Day Book. S2.50. 

A warm, beautifully written biography of 
the author's own mother, who married a 
missionary and spent most of her years in 
China. It has the quality of universality 
which the author achieved in two of her 
novels, "The Good Earth" and "The 
Mother." 

Fighting Angel. By Pearl S. Buck. 302 
pages. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock; a 
John Day Book. $2.50. 

As "The Exile" is the story of her mother, 
this book is the story of the author's father, 
"son of generations of grim Presbyterian 
fathers, Calvinist, predestinarian, believer in 
the second coming of Christ," a product of 
the "preachingest family" in Virginia, who 
"spent all his life being a ruling minority of 
one." 

As portrayed by his daughter, Andrew was 
a passionate figure, his soul wrapped up in 
his Work, spending his life spreading the 
Gospel in inland China, unmindful of hard- 
ships and dangers, serene with the serenitv of 
one who is the chosen of God. These words 
set the whole tone of the biography: "Great 
missionary he was, intrepid soul, but there 
was no fatherhood in him. He had to be 
viewed, to be considered, not as a father but 
as a man." Andrew was a trail blazer in an 
era of spiritual imperialism in China. 

General 

A History of the Press and Public Opinion 
in China. By Lin Yutang. 179 pages. Pub- 
lished for the China Institute of Pacific Re- 
lations. Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, Ltd. U.S. 
$2.00. 

As the title fully explains, this is a study 
of the press and public opinion in China, 
divided into the ancient and modern periods. 
A valuable reference work. To be reviewed 
later. 

Matteo Ricci's Scientific Contribution to 



China. By Henri Bernard, S. J. Translated 
by E. C. Werner. 108 pages. Peiping: Henri 
Vetch. U.S. S2.50. 

With scientific accuracy the author has 
tried to trace the important contribution of 
this Jesuit missionary- — acknowledged found- 
er of the Catholic missions in China — to the 
scientific knowledge of China in the 17th 
century, and the subsequent influence of his 
work. Reviewed August 21, 1936. 

The Romance of Tea. By William H. Uk- 
ers, M. A. Illustrated. 276 pages, New York: 
Alfred A. Knopf. S3. 00. 

The author has called this book An Outline 
of Tea and Tea Drinking Through Sixteen 
Hundred Years. Tea, of course, is always as- 
sociated with China, and this story tells the 
origin of this beverage and its usage through- 
out the centuries. To be reviewed later. 

Oriental Philosophy. The story of the 
Teachers of the East. By Frances Grant. 
300 pages. New York: The Dial Press. S2.75. 

The lives and teachings of the great philo- 
sophers of the East, headed by Sakyamuni, 
Confucius and Loatze, are neatly summar- 
ized in this volume. The religions and philo- 
sophies of India, China, Japan, Iran and 
Islam are succinctly put forth. Reviewed 
June 5, 1936. 

Modern Newspaper Chinese. By J. J. 
Brandt. 321 pages, subject index, index to 
notes, vocabulary index. Peiping: Henri 
Vetch. U.S. S5.00. 

A textbook of no little interest for those 
who read both Chinese and English. Giving 
Chinese texts and English translations, the 
author analyses the way in which modern 
newspaper Chinese is written. Chinese jour- 
nalism is definitely creating a new style of 
Chinese writing, just as American journalism 
is creating a new style in the writing of 
everyday English. This book tells the story. 

Mirror of China. By Louis Laloy. Trans- 
lated by Catherine A. Philips. 308 pases. 
New York: Alfred A. Knopf. S2.75. 

A Frenchman, Professor of Chinese Stud- 
ies in the University of Paris, writes ur- 
banely of various aspects of Chinese civiliza- 
tion and culture, especially Chinese theatre 
and Chinese music, as well as Toaism, Budd- 
hism and Confusianism. His very urbanity 
makes his book more or less tinged with su- 
perficiality, but nontheless entertaining. And 
some of his conclusions are interesting. 

Jen Sheng: The Root of Life. By Mik- 
hail Prishvin. English version by George 
Walton and Philip Gibbons. 177 pages. New 
York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. $1.75. 

A Russian chemist escapes from the hor- 
rors of war to find peace and solace in na- 
ture as it unfolds itself to him in a corner 
of Manchuria. Jen Sheng (in Cantonese. 
Gin-seng), is a plant which grows in the 
shape of a human body and to which the 
Chinese for centuries have attributed a magic, 
revitalizing power over the human system. 
Jen Sheng, therefore, is verily the Root of 
Life, but the author uses it in a mystical 
sense. The story is of the chemist's wander- 
ings in the Manchurian forests, seeine and 
understanding the marvels of nature and out 
of these experiences found his own soul in 



relation to the universe around him. It is a 
story sensitively told, and the translation 
seemed to have retained all the prose beauty 
of the original. 

Annual Customs and Festivals in Peking. 
As recorded by Tun Li-ch'en. translated 
and annotated by Derk Bodde. 147 pages, 
illus., map, bibl., appendices, index. Peiping: 
Henri Vetch. U.S. $4.50. 

An account of the customs and festivals 
of the people of Peking of an age already 
gone, written by a minor Manchu official at 
the beginning of this century. Chinese fes- 
tivals, religious, social, agricultural, are in- 
extricably bound up with the Chinese art of 
living, and in this book one is given a glimpse 
of how the Chinese have regulated their 
lives in accordance with their social genius 
and their humanistic philosophy of life. The 
descriptions are simply but charmingly writ- 
ten and the annotations by the translator 
are an essential part of the book. This is a 
valuable contribution to the study of Chi- 
nese social life as it is mirrored in their fes- 
tivals. 

"Chinatownia" 

China Boy. By Idwal Jones. 132 pages. 
Los Angeles: Primavera Press. $2.50. 

Colorfully woven stories of the old time 
California Chinese, whom the author cher- 
ishes with affectionate regard. Idwal Jones 
is a story writer to whom plot means little, 
but color, atmosphere and pungent phrases 
mean much. In sheer ability to tell a good 
story, the Chinese tales of Bret Harte, Dobie, 
de Bra. Achmet Abdullah and the melodra- 
matic Hugh Wiley pale beside his. 

San Francisco's Chinatown. By Charles 
Caldwell Dobie. Illustrated by E. D. Suy- 
dam. 328 pages. New York: D. Appleton 
Century Co. $5.00. 

An historical, interpretative and descrip- 
tive story of Chinatown and the Chinese in 
California. Reviewed November 13, 1036. 

Chinatown Inside Out. By Leong Gor 
Vun. 256 pages, illus. New York: Barrows 
Mussey. $3.00. 

"This is the first authentic book on China- 
town by a Chinese who know* what goes on. 
It gives the whole story of a world within a 
world: Chinatown gambling, prostitutions, 
characters, business life, newspapers, rack- 
eteering, opium, long war.-. In -hcrt, it tells 
everything about Chinatown A better pic- 
ture of the Chinese in America has never 
been written . . . the author, a Chinatown 
civic leader, has unequalled facilities for 
finding out everything that even most Chi- 
nese do not know . . ." We are quoting from 
the publisher's information on the book 
jacket. 

That this is the first book on Chinatown 
written by one of its own i- true, and it 
give out much inside information which 
many Chinese do not definitely know . But is 
too episodic to be complete, and the style 
shows either hurried or careless writing, or 
both. Nonetheless it i- still ■ worthwhile 
volume because of its revelation <>t China- 
town politics and lor ii> factual data A'* 
viewed October 9, f! 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 9 



EDITORIAL 



EDITORIAL COMMENT ON 
THE NEWS OF THE MONTH 

Seen at their classes last week were little Chinese 
children, all intent upon learning their lessons, 
whether they be at Chinese school or the public 
schools. 

Future leaders of Chinese in America will come 
from their ranks, and the building of continued 
good-will between the Chinese and American pe- 
ople shall be their task. 



Coming at a time when all China was beginning 
to feel the true meaning of the word "united", the 
act of Marshal Chang Hseuh-liang in kidnapping 
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek can best be called 
high treason. Denounced by all, one can but pity 
the poor mother of Marshal Chang, who traveled 
to Nanking "to do what she can to help right the 
huge wrong that her son had done." 

At a time when General Chiang had so advanced 
rural reconstruction, national spirit, and the weld 
ing of the nation into one body, the ending of his 
career would indeed be a loss to the country. 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published monthly at 868 Washington Street 
San Francisco, California (CHina 2400) 

THOMAS W. CHINN, Editor 

Per year, $1.00; Per copy, 10 cents 

Foreign, $1.50 per year 

All articles copyrighted. For reprints, special permission must be 

secured in writing. 

STAFF 

CHINGWAH LEE Associate Editor 

WILLIAM HOY , Associate Editor 

FRED G. WOO Sports Editor, Office Manager 

LIM P. LEE Sociological Data 

HELEN M. FONG Circulation Manager 

WALLACE H. FONG Photographer 

CORRESPONDENTS and REPRESENTATIVES 

Bakersfield .... Mamie Lee 

Berkeley .... .... .... .... Glenn D. Lym 

Fresno . Allen Lew 

Honolulu, T. H _ _. -__. . Grace H. Goo 

Los Angeles Elsie Lee, William Got 

New York _ _ Annabelle Wong, Bing Chan 

Oakland Hector Eng, E. M. Loo 

Portland . Eva Moe, Edgar Lee 

Sacramento Ruth G. Fong 

Salinas . Edward Chan 

Santa Barbara .... Albert Yee 

Seattle Eugene Wong, Edwin Luke 

Watsonville .... Alice Shew 

FOUNDERS and PUBLISHERS: 
Thomas W. Chinn, Chingwah Lee. 




SEASON'S 
GREETINGS 



He who is great, must make humility his base. 
He who is high, must make lowliness his founda- 
tion. Thus princes and kings in speaking of them- 
selves use the terms "lonely," "friendless," "of 
small account." Is not this making humility their 



)ase: 



-Lao Tzu. 



*$ 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 10 



CHINESE DICE ST 



January, 193/ 



CHINESE DIGEST INDEX 



INDEX TO VOLUME I AND II 

November 15, 1935, to November 27, 

1936, inclusive. 

Note: The following is an index of all 
signed and unsigned articles that have ap- 
peared in the Chinese Digest during the 
past thirteen months. This index excludes 
sports and other general news items. Readers 
who desire to obtain copies of back numbers 
containing one or more of these articles can 
still do so by writing immediately to the 
editor. Due to the rapidly diminishing num- 
ber of back issues a charge of ten cents must 
be made for each and every copy. For an 
entire set of Volumes I and II — 55 issues — 
the price is $5.00, postpaid. 

A 

Ah Louis, Story of a California Chinese — 

Wm. Hoy, 4-3-36. 
Aims of the Chinese Painters — Prof. Liu 

Hai-su, 8-7-36. 
American-born Chinese in Hawaii, The — ■ 

Lim P. Lee, 9-11-36. 
Around the World with a Chinese General — 

Wm.Hoy, 7-31-36. 

B 

Book Reviews: 

My Country and My People, 11-15-35. 

Secrets of Chinatown, 11-22-35.' 

Man, The Unknown, 8-7-36. 

Matteo Ricci'i Scientific Contribution to 
China, 8-21-36. 

Reconstruction in China, 9-18-36. 

Western Chamber, 10-23-36. 

San Francisco's Chinatown, 11-13-36. 
Book Notes: 

11-22-35, 11-29-35, 12-6-35, 2-14-36, 
4-17-36, 5-29-36, 6-5-36, 6-12-36. 
Bronze, Chinese — Chingwah Lee, 11-15-36. 

c 

Cathey Club of San Francisco — Herbert J. 

Haim, 3-20-36, 3-27-36, 4-3-36, 

4-10-36. 
Catholic Press in China, The — Wm. Hoy, 

8-28-36. 
CERAMICS— Series by Chingwah Lee- 
How to Identify Pottery, 11-29-35. 
How to Identify Porcelain and Porcella- 
neous Stoneware, 12-6-35. 
How to Judge Body Material of Ceramic 

Wares, 12-13-35 
How Pottery Originated in Early Times, 

12-20-35 
How Potteries Are Fired, 12-27-35. 
How to Study Spur Marks, 1-3-36. 
How Spurs or Props Are Arranged, 1- 

10-36. 
Elimination of Spurs — Early Sung, 1- 

17-36. 
Elimination of Spurs — Ring and Sand, 

1-24-36. 
Evolution of the Hollow Base and the 

Foot Rim, 1-31-36. 
How to Study Glaze on Chinese Ceramics, 

2-14-36. 
Some Standard References on Chinese 

Ceramics, 3-6-36. 
Reference Books on Chinese Art, 3-20-36. 
How to Study Glaze Topography — Raised 

Irregularities, 4-17-36. 



How to Study Glaze Topography — Sunk- 
en Irregularities, 4-24-36. 
How to Study Glaze Topography — Crazes 

and Crackles, 5-8-36. 
How to Study Glaze Texture — Pigment 

Particles and Air Bubbles, 5-15-36. 
How to Study Glaze Texture — Fleckings 

and Iridescences, 5-22-36. 
How to Study Glaze Texture — Firing and 

Surfacing, 5-29-36. 
How to Study Pottery — Technics, Paste 

and Contours, 9-11-36. 
How to Study Pottery — Origin anl Classi- 
fication of Shapes, 10-2-36. 
Shapeliness, Form and Subtlety, 11-27-36. 
Chinese Enamels, 10-9-36. 
Chang Tai-yen: 1867-1936 — Wm. Hoy, 

7-17-36. 
Child Welfare Conference — Ethel Lum, 

12-27-35. 
Chiang Kai-shek: biographical sketch, 11- 

29-35. 
China Off Silver Standard — Tsu Pan, 11- 

15-35. 
China's Foreign Relations: speech by Chiang 

Kai-shek, 1-3-36. 
China's Adoption of Modern Serial Com- 
munication — Henry J. Poy, 1-3-36, 
1-10-36. 
Chinatown, Unite! (Editorial), 1-31-36. 
Chinatown's Telephone Exchange, The 

Story of, Wm. Hoy, 4-10-36. 
China and Her Overseas Nationals — Wm. 

Hoy, 7-24-36. 
China and Her Nationals Abroad: Interview 
with Consul C. C. Huang — Lim P. 
Lee, 11-27-36. 
China's Students on the Present Sino-Japa- 
nese Situation — Wm. Hoy, 12-27-35, 
1-3-36. 
Chinese-American Citizen's Alliance, Its Ac- 
tivities and History — Lim P. Lee, 
10-30-36. 
CHINESE DISCOVERIES AND INVEN- 
TIONS — Series by Chingwah Lee 
China Contributed the Finger Printing 

System, 12-6-35. 
Chinese Invented the Seismograph, 12- 

13-35. 
Chinese Were First to Utilize Natural Gas, 

12-20-35. 
Chinese Brought Playing Cards and Dom- 
inoes Into Europe, 12-27-36. 
China Had the First League of Nations, 

1-3-36. 
Chinese Were the First to Play Football, 

The, 1-10-36. 
Chinese Invented Chief Varieties of Paper, 

The, 1-17-36. 
Chinese Invented Block Printing, Movable 

Type Printing, 1-24-36. 
Chinese Invented Lithography, The, 1- 

31-36. 
Chinese Discovered Circulation of the 
Blood and Practiced Dissection 2000 
Years Ago, 2-7-36. 
China Originated the Informal Garden, 

2-21-36. 
China Had the First Planetarium and 
Relief Map, 2-28-36. 



China Had Board of Public Health 3000 

Years Ago, 3-13-36. 
Chinese Invented the Mongolian Arrow 
Release, the Archer's Ring, the Triple 
Arc Composite Bow, the Balanced 
Wrist Guards and the Repeating 
Cross Bow, 11-6-36. 
Chinese Invented the Leeboard, the Bal- 
anced Rudder and Watertight Com- 
partmental Ship, 11-13-36. 

Chinese During Depression — Ethel Lum, 
11-22-35. 

Chinese Journalism on the West Coast — 
Lim P. Lee, 11-13-36. 

Chinese Language Schools in Chinatown — 
Ethel Lum, 2-7-36. 

Chinese Registrations During Recent Years 
—Ethel Lum, 2-21-36. 

Chinese Theatre, Yesterday and Today — 
Kwok Ying Fung, 7-31-36. 

Chunk of Old China, A— Frank J. Taylor, 
7-10-36. 

Confucius— Dr. Henry H. Hart, 1-17-36. 

Cultural Relations Between United States 
and China: Interview with Chih 
Meng — Lim P. Lee, 11-6-36. 

Cutler, Leland — San Francisco's Bay Expo- 
sition, 4-24-36. 

D 

Does My Future Lie in China or America? 

(Essay)— Robert Dunn, 5-15-36. 
Does My Future Lie in China or America? 

(Essay)— Kaye Hong, 5-22-36. 
Dragon Comes to Fair Harvard, A — Wm. 

Hoy, 9-25-36. 
Dunn, Robert— Does My Future Lie in 

China or America?, 5-15-36. 
Dusen, William Van — Wings to China, 11- 

22-35, 11-29-35, 12-6-35. 



Economic Life of the Chinese in U. S. 
P. Lee, 10-16-36. 



-Lim 



Feng Yu Hsiang (see A Revolutionist 
Among Revolutionists). 

G 

Great Walls of China, The— C. A. Middle- 
ton-Smith, 9-4-36, 9-11-36, 9-18-36. 

H 

Haim, Herbert J.— Cathay Club of S. F., 

3-20-36, 3-27-36, 4-3-36, 4-10-36. 
Hart, Dr. Henry H — 
Confucius, 1-17-36. 
How China Got Its Name, 1 1 
Kuan Yin, Goddess of Mercy, 1-3-36. 
Romance of Silk, 12-13-35, 
Yang Kuci Fei, 1-10-36. 
History of the Chinese Y.M.C \ Henry S. 

Tom, 7-10-36. 
Ho Ying-Chin: biographical sketch, 1-3-36. 
Hong, Kaye — Does My Future Lie in China 

or America?. 5-22-36. 
How China Got lt< Name— Dr. Henry H. 

Hart, 11-22-35. 
Hoy, William— 
Ah Louis, Story of a California Chine-;-. 

4-3-36. 
Around the World With a Chinese Gen- 
eral, 7-31-36. 
Book Notes (see topical heading under 
that title). 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



CHINESE DIGEST INDEX 



Book Reviews (see topical heading under 
that title) . 

Catholic Press in China, The, 8-28-36. 
. Chang-Tai-yen: 1868-1936, 7-17-36. 

Chinatown's Telephone Exchange, 4-10- 
36. 

Chinatown, My Chinatown, 10-9-36. 

China and Her Overseas Nationals, 7- 
24-36. 

China's Students on the Present Sino- 
Japanese Situation, 12-27-35, 1-3-36. 

Dragon Comes to Fair Harvard, A, 9-2S, 
36. 

Feng Yu Hsiang (see Revolutionist Among 
Revolutionists). 

Hui Sien, Discoverer of America, 12-20- 
35. 

Hu Shih and Ch'en Tu-hsiu (in Jottings 
from a Reviewer's Notebook), 11-20- 
(: 36. 

Idwal Jones (notes on) (see Jottings from 
a Reviewer's Notebook), 11-27-36. 

Jottings from a Reviewer's Notebook, 4- 
24-36, 11-20-36, 11-27-36. 

Lady Precious Stream, Random Notes 
on, 2-7-36. 

Lu Shun (China's Greatest Short Story 
Writer), 10-30-36. 

Moy Jin Mun, Life Story of a California 
Chinese, 5-15-36. 

Overseas Chinese, News Notes, 5-8-36, 8- 
14-36, 9-4-36. 

Passing of Chinatown: Fact or Fancy, 1- 
31-36. 

Postscript to the Late Hu Han-min, A, 
6-19-36. 

Rising Industrialism in China, 1-10-36. 

Revolutionist Among Revolutionists, A 
(the career of Feng Yu Hsiang), 1- 
17-36. 

Situation in North China Aggravated by 
Wide Spread Smuggling, 5-22-36. 

Su Mandju (see Jottings from a Review- 
er's Notebook) 11-20-36. 

Ting Wen Chiang, Scientist and Philoso- 
pher, 1-24-36. 

Two Consecrated Lives, 5-1-36. 

What Price Freedom for the Philippines?, 
11-22-35. 

When Rudyard Kipling Saw Chinatown, 
12-13-35. 

Yankee Adventurer and the Living Bud- 
dha, A, 2-28-36. 

Hu Shih (see Jottings from a Reviewer's 
Notebook), 11-20-36. 
Huang Chao-Chin: biographical sketch, 11- 

15-35. 
Hui Sien, Discoverer of America — Wm. Hoy, 
12-20-35. 

I 
Idwal Jones, Notes on (see Jottings from a 

Reviewer's Notebook) 11-27-36. 
Institute of Pacific Relations, Yosemite Con- 
ference of the — Lim P. Lee, 8-28-36. 
Is the Care of the Chinese Our Responsi- 
bility ?— Samuel D. Lee, 12-6-35. 

J 

Japanese Expansion Hits Mongolia — Tsu 

Pan, 12-27-35. 
Jottings from a Reviewer's Notebook — Wm. 

Hoy, 4-24-36, 11-20-36, 11-27-36. 



Journalism on the West Coast, Chinese — 
Lim P. Lee, 11-13-36. 

K 

Kuan Yin, Goddess of Mercy — Dr. Henry 
H. Hart, 1-3-36. 

Kung, H. H., biographical sketch, 12-13-35. 

Kwok Ying Fung — Chinese Theatre, Yes- 
terday and Today, 7-31-36. 

L 

Lady Precious Stream, Random Notes on — 

Wm. Hoy, 2-7-35. 
Lake Tahoe Chinese Christian Conference — 

Lim P. Lee, 8-14-36. 
Lee, Chingwah — 

Bronze, Chinese, 11-15-35. 
Reflections on Chinese Art, 11-29-35. 
See also topical headings under following 

3 titles: CERAMICS, CHINESE 

DISCOVERIES, INVENTIONS and 

REMEMBER WHEN. 
LEE, Lim P.— 

American-born Chinese in Hawaii, The, 

9-11-36. 
Chinese-American Citizens' Alliance, its 

Activities and History, 10-30-36. 
Cultural Relations Between U. S. and 

China: interview with Chih Meng, 

11-6-36. 
China and Her Nationals Abroad; inter- 
view with Consul Huang, 11-27-36. 
Economic Life of the Chinese in U. S., 

The, 10-16-36. 
Institute of Pacific Relations, Yosemite 

Conference of, 8-28-36. 
Journalism on the West Coast, Chinese, 

11-13-36. 
Lake Tahoe Chinese Christian Conference, 

8-14-36. 
Pacific Area Conference of the World's 

Student Christian Federation, The, 

9-4-36. 
Political Rights of American Citizens of 

Chinese Ancestry: as told by Kenneth 

Y. Fung, 10-23-36. 
Problems of the Chinese Students: inter- 
view with Dr. B. C. Wong, 10-2-36. 
Sino-Japanese Issues at Yosemite Con- 
ference of I.P.R.: interview with 

Prof. N. Wing Mah, 9-25-36. 
Social Survey, The, 11-20-36. 
Lee, Samuel D. — Is the Care of the Chinese 

Our Responsibility?, 12-6-35. 
Lin Sen: biographical sketch, 12-20-35. 
Liu Hai-su — Aims of the Chinese Painters, 

8-7-36. 
Lu Shun— Wm. Hoy, 10-30-36. 
Lum, Ethel- 
Chinese During Depression, 11-22-35. 
Child Welfare Conference, 12-27-35. 
Chinese Language Schools in Chinatown, 

2-7-36. 
Chinese Registrations During Recent 

Years, 2-21-36. 
Mei Lun Yuen, 1-17-36. 
Nursery School, Chinese, 2-28-36. 
WPA and Chinatown, 1-10-36. 

M 

1 Mei Lun Yuen — Ethel Lum, 1-17-36. 
Middleton-Smith, C. A.— Great Walls of 
China, The, 9-4-36, 9-11-36, 9-18-36. 

.'Moy Jin Mun, Story of A California Chi- 
nese — Wm. Hoy, 5-15-36. 



N 

Native Daughter of 1869, A, 5-29-36. 

New States in North China— Tsu Pan, 11- 

29-35. 
North China in Danger!— Tsu Pan, 11-22- 

35. 
North China in Deadlock— Tsu Pan, 12-6- 

35. 
Nursery School, Chinese — Ethel Lum, 2-28- 
36. 



Overseas Chinese, News Notes of — Wm. 
Hoy, 5-8-36, 8-14-36, 9-4-36. 

P 

Pacific Area Conference of the World's Stu- 
dent Christian Federation, The — Lim 
P. Lee, 9-4-36. 

Passing of Chinatown: Fact or Fancy — 
Wm. Hoy, 1-31-36. 

Political Rights of American Citizens of 
Chinese Ancestry, The, — Lim P. Lee, 
10-23-36. 

Postscript to the Late Hu Han-min, A — Wm. 
Hoy, 6-19-36. 

Poy, Henry J. — China's Adoption of Mod- 
ern Aerial Communication, 1-3-36, 
1-10-36. 

Problems of the Chinese Students: interview 
with Dr. B. C. Wong— Lim P. Lee-, 
10-2-36. 

R 

Reflections on Chinese Art — Chingwah Lee, 

11-29-35. 
Remember When ? Series by Chingwah Lee, 

1-10-36, 1-17, 1-24, 1-31, 2-14, 2-21, 

2-28, 3-6, 3-27, 9-25, 11-20-36. 
Revolutionist Among Revolutionists, A — ■ 

Wm. Hoy, 1-17-36. 
Rising Industrialism in China — Wm. Hoy, 

1-10-36. 
Romance of Silk — Dr. Henry H. Hart, 12- 

13-35. 

s 

San Francisco's Bay Exposition — Leland W. 

Cutler, 4-24-36. 
v Second Generation Chinese in U.S.: speech 

by Grace W. Wang, 8-7-36. 
Silk, Romance of — Dr. Henry H. Hart, 12- 

13-36. 
Silver Standard, China Off— Tsu Pan, 11-15- 

35. 
Sino-Japanese Issues at Yosemite Confer- 
ence — Lim P. Lee, 9-25-36. 
Situation in North China Aggravated by 

Wide Spread Smuggling — Wm. Hoy, 

5-22-36. 
Social Survey, The— Lim P. Lee, 11-20-36. 
Soong, T. V.: biographical sketch, 12-6-35. 
Su Mandju (see Jottings from a Reviewer's 

Notebook), 11-20-36. 

T 
Taylor, Frank J.— A Chunk of Old China, 

7-10-36. 
Telephone Exchange, Chinatown's — Wm. 

Hoy, 4-10-36. 
Ting Wen Chiang, Scientist and Philosopher, 

1-24-36. 
Tom, Henry Shue — History of the Chinese 

Y.M.C.A., 7-10-36. 

(Continued on Page 15) 



Page 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



January, 1937 



SPORTS 



Fred George Woo. 



NAN WAHS FAVORED TO 
TAKE WAHYING TITLE 

Wah Ying Club's Bay Region Chinese 
Basketball championships go into the third 
week of play Sunday, December 27, at the 
Kezar Pavillion, with the first contest sched- 
uled for 7 p. m. 

That Nan Wah Club is one of the top 
favorites to win the title is the fans' general 
opinion, although the Chinese Y. M. C. A., 
Shangtai and the defending champions, 
Troop Three Scouts, boast of such strong 
teams that they must be reckoned with. 

With such veterans as Fred Gok, George 
Lee, Johnny Wong, Fred H. Wong and 
others in the line-up, the Nan Wahs present 
a formidable outfit. Stiff competition for the 
Nan Wahs is expected to come from the "Y" 
aggregation, which includes such well-known 
cagers as Herbert Tom, Wahso Chan, Frank 
Wong, Ted Chin, Thomas Yep and several 
others of proven ability. 

Murphy Chan, Chauncey Yip, Allen Lee, 
Howard Ho, Frank Chan and Charles Hing 
are expected to carry the Shangtai five into 
the thick of the championship scramble, 
while the Scouts will rely on their vets, Earl 
Wong, Henry Kan, Don Lee, Hin Chin and 
Phillip Chinn to do the heavy work. 

The St. Mary's, Nulite and the Chan Ying 
clubs form the rest of the league. All are dark 
horses, with the possibility that one of them 
may be of championship caliber. The Nulites 
have some fine players in Daniel Leong, Er- 
nest Leong, Harry JLouie, Altred Gee, Charles 
Lew and Wilfred Jue, and St. Mary's greatly 
strengthened by the addition of Stephen 
Way and Eddie Way, will take the court with 
such stalwarts as Jimmy Chew, Arthur Yim, 
and Charles Low. Among Chan Yings' main- 
stays are Charles Louie, Henry Mew, Wil- 
liam Chan and Albert Dere, who may carry 
the team into the thick of battles. 

Here's how the Chinese Digest sports de- 
partment picks the teams to finish: Nan 
Wah, Shangtai, Chinese "Y", Troop Three, 
St. Mary's, Nulite and Chan Yings, in the 
order named. 

Remainder of the league schedule: 

December 27, at Kezar, Chinese "Y" vs. 
Chan Ying, Shangtai vs. Nan Wah, Troop 
Three vs. St. Mary's. 

January 3, at Burke's Gym, St. Mary"; vs. 
Shangtai, Troop Three vs. Nulite, Nan Wah 
vs. Chan Yings. 

January 10, at Burke's Gym. Nan Wah vs. 
Chinese "Y", Shangtai vs. Nulite, Troop 
Three vs. Chan Yings. 

January 17, at Burke's Gym, Chinese "Y" 
vs. Troop Three, Nulite vs. Chan Yings, St. 
Mary's vs. Nan Wah. 

January 24, at Burke's Gym, Chinese "Y" 
vs. Shangtai, Nulite vs. St. Mary's, Nan 
Wahs vs. Troop Three. 



S.F.CHINESE WIN 
RICE BOWL CLASSIC 

Playing under a drenching rain on a thor- 
oughly soaked field, the San Francisco Chi- 
nese football team defeated the Los Angeles 
Chinese at the U. S. F. field Sunday after- 
noon, 6-0, in the Rice Bowl classic. 

On the second play in the second quarter, 
Charlie Hing, San Francisco halfback, 
dashed over right tackle for the score after 
a forty -five-yard run, snaking and eeling his 
way over to elude several would-be Los 
Angeles tacklers. 

Outstanding for the San Francisco eleven 
were Jack Fong and Charlie Hing, backs, 
who executed some nice end runs and off- 
tackle plays, while Marshall Leong proved 
himself a booming line-plunger, opening 
holes many a time himself. In the line, Er- 
nest Lee, tackle, and the ends, Woodrow 
Louie, Ed Yee and Willie Gingee, were stars. 

For the southern team, the Ung brothers, 
Ted and Ken, played fine ball, while in the 
line, Young Yoon was a "rock of Gibraltar" 
on defense and A. Lew performed creditably. 

Following the game, Coach Bill Fischer of 
the S. F. team stated, '"In meeting the L. A. 
Chinese boys, the S. F. Chinese met a well- 
coached team. Their boys played a wonder- 
ful brand of football and it's a tribute to 
their coach and to Los Angeles. The score 

tells the superb plane which the S. F. boys 
executed today. I feel that this team will 
make history on the Pacific Coast for the 
Chinese. I hope to schedule other contests. 
Old man rain did not dampen the spirit of 
my boys, and I feel honored to coach such a 
worthy group of lads." 

Dick Chapman, acting coach of the L. A. 
squad, said, "It was a good all-around clean 
game. The rain hurt us. Being a light team, 
we depend upon speed. For a rainy day, the 
best team won." 

The Rice Bowl turned out to be a "Rain 
Bowl" and the irony of it all was the broad- 
casting of "I Love You (Sunny) California" 
between the halves. The traditional Lion 
Dance was performed by the Boy Scouts of 
the Chinese Catholic Mission, and the Drum 
and Bugle Corps performed exceedingly well 
under the handicap of the pravailing rain. 

This Bowl game was mentioned in an 
NBC broadcast during a football rally held 
in the San Francisco War Memorial Opera 
House for the annual East-West All-Stars 
Shrine Football Game for Crippled Children. 
This game is expected to be the annual 
"Bowl Game" of San Francisco. 



HAWAIIAN STARS SHINE 
IN PORTLAND 

The Hawaiian All-Stars were seen in ac- 
tion at the Portland Y. M. C. A. recently. 
In a tUt with the Y. M. C. A. team, the All- 
Stars were victorious, chalking up a score 
of 30-20. 

This team is composed of strictly native 
Hawaiian. The rest of the personnel is com- 
posed of Russell J. Mingee, promoter and 
business manager; Manager Willie Kilgore 
and Coach Al Miller. 

The team is led by Captain Walter Wong, 
who is fast, a natural dribbler and a good 
shot. Combined with the strategic plays of 
Chew Chong Ching, the consistency of Larry 
Eddie Akau and Al Chew Goo, the sharp 
shooting of Jow Cabral, the passing of 
Swanne Pang and the excellent all-around 
playing of Foro Moriguchi the invaders are 
a hard team to beat. 

• • 

PORTLAND SPORT FLASHES 

The Chung Wah basketball team of Port- 
land practice workouts are well under way. 
This girls' ball club is the "A" team in the 
City of Roses, and one which has held un- 
disputed claim to the championship of the 
Northwest for the past two years. During 
this time the "Chung Wahs" have never been 
defeated by any Oriental team. 

This year the team will be led by honorary 
captain La Lun Chin. Miss Chinn started her 
basketball career in 1928 as a member of the 
Beaverton High team. Because of her in- 
spirational fighting spirit together with her 
natural ability to handle the ball and to 
shoot with uncanny accuracy, she • 
named captain in the last two years at 
Beaverton. Both seasons the school team 
won the championship of the Washington 
County League. Since graduation until the 
present time La Lun has played for the 
Chung Wah. 

The Chung Wah team is contemplating a 
trip throughout California in February, and 
would like to schedule games against the 
different Chinese girls' teams. The Portland 
team can be reached at 608 S. W. Alder 5 
in care of Leah Hing or Ed 

The Wah Kiang Club opened theii 
with a 14 to S win over the Japan,- \ C. 
at the Y. M. C. A. courts December 4. but 
lost the second game the following dtj to 
the Neighborhood House. 22-21, 

Although the young Chinese team showed 
a powerful defense in their two -'.arts, their 
offense was ragged at times and can stand 
a lot of improvement before the annual 
games with the Seattle teams, one of which 
is now scheduled lor December 




EASTERN BAKERY 

Chinese Novelty Pastries 
Rice Cakes Almond Cakes 

720 Grant Ave., San Francisco, Calif 



YOUR 

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January, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



SPORTS 



OUTSTANDING ATHLETES OF THE MONTH 

Miss Lalun Chin of Portland captains the Chung Wah basket- 
ball team which has been undefeated for two years. 

Barnstormers from the Hawaiian Islands were members of 
the Hawaiian All-Stars which completed a successful trip to 
the Pacific Northwest. Players are, from left to right: Eddie 
Okau, Richard Tom, George Ching, Swanne Pang, Joe Cabral, 
Walter Wong, Sonny Lee, Chew Chong Ching, and C. Mongushi 

San Francisco's gridders emerged from several years' hibern- 
ation to hang up a close win over the Los Angeles gridders on 
December 20 in San Francisco. The victors are shown below. 




<* 




Page 14 



CHINESE D'.oEST 



January, 1937 



SPORTS 



SPORTSHORTS 

Dr. D. K. Chang, Mac Soo Hoo, Fred 
Jow, Tong Loy, Tommy Leong and others 
got their limits in the duck hunting season. 
. . . Fred Jow, kingfish in striped and black 
bass, won cash prizes for the year of the 
Chinese Sportsmen Club. . . . Slim Young 
and Quon Soo Hoo have Irish water spaniels, 
and have donated the services to the club's 
forthcoming hunt. . . . Some sort of a record 
is claimed by the Chinese "Y" 80-pound 
basketball team. Recently the Chinese 
eighties trounced the Mission branch in a 
Decathlon game to the remarkable tune of 
64-0. Well, it's something to brag about any- 
way. Previous to that, the Chinese had two 
shut-out wins, defeating Salesians, 44-0, and 
the St. Mary's A. C, 16-0. . . . Trailing 30-22 
at half, the Locke Chinese School came back 
strong in the second half to overcome the 
lead of Sacramento to win, 54-44, in a re- 
cent cage game. P. Lee, W. Jang and H. Jang 
starred for the winners, while Edmund Yee, 
G. Louie and E. Fong stood out for the 
capital boys. ... A large crowd turned out to 
witness the Lowa Chinese hoopsters of Los 
Angeles administered a recent beating to the 
Bears, a Japanese team, 43-22. . . . Watson- 
ville's Chinese basketball team is getting 
ready for another season with but two veter- 
ans, Earl Goon and Parker Chan, the rest of 
the players being players of unknown qual- 
ity. The others on the squad are Johnson 
Chinn, Joe Chin, Henry Lew, Lew Shew, 
Edward Chinn, Henry Leong, Walter Lew, 
Harry Goon, Elmer Shew, Bock Jang, Wil- 
liam Shew and Robert Lew. . . . Three bas- 
ketball teams have been organized this sea- 
son by the Chinese of Locke, the Chinese 
School "A" and "B" teams, and the Town 
Team, which is a recently formed aggrega- 
tion. The Tow r n Team is composed of How- 
ard Chan, Bill King, Kimball Owyang, Ches- 
ter King and Albert Low. Chan and Bill 
King are former Sacramento County all- 
conference players for Courtland Hi, while 
Chester King was a star from a Canton, 
China, college five. . . . Fairly large crowds 
have been treking to the Kezar Court every 
Sunday evening to witness the Wah Ying 
League games. On December 27, three con- 
tests are on tap at Kezar, while on January 
3, 10, 17 and 24, games will be played at the 
Burke's Gym. . . . The Santa Barbara's Sun 
Wah Club is planning to enter the City Boys 
Cage League again this year. The team 
showed up well in vanquishing a number of 
strong teams and hopes to wind up near the 
top of the league. . . . Senation! Sammy 
Fooey was in the recent Golden Gloves Box- 
ing Tournament ! From the fans' standpoint, 
Sammy is some battler, or he wouldn't have 
reached the semi-finals against such keen 
competition. . . . The Scouts Varsity meets 
the S. F. J. C. Chinese in a cage game, with 
the preliminary at 2 p. m. at the Salvation 
Army court on Christmas Dav. 



MONTEREY FIVE LOSES 

Handicapped by the absence of Benson 
Choye, star forward, the Monterey Chinese 
quintet dropped a 32-30 decision to the 
Monterey Y. M. I., composed of former 
high school stars, recently. The Chinese 
staged a rally during the closing minutes of 
play, but fell short by two points of tying 
the count. 

Paul Mark, with seventeen points, and 
Tommy Gee, Paul Chinn, Edwin and 
Howard Low gave stellar performances. 

• • 

BOWLING MEET 

Looking futuristically toward the Ameri- 
can Bowling Congress Meet in New York 
City in March with enthusiastic anticipa- 
tions, numerous Chinese bowling teams have 
been formed in that city. The Chinatown 
league, numbering eight competing teams, 
holds its weekly meeting every Wednesday 
evening. 

Quoting from Captain George Sing, leader 
of the team entered in the A. B. C. tourney, 
"With such a steady scoring team, the Chi- 
nese will be well represented in the coming 
contests." 

• • 

THE UNKNOWN PACKERS 

One of the reasons why San Francisco's 
Chinatown is so keen about football this 
year may be attributed to the Unknown 
Packers, a pigskin team averaging 100 
pounds. Young though they are, they take 
their football as seriously as the college 
gridmen do. 

Coached by Edwin Bing Dong, former 
backfield star of the Lick-Wilmerding High 
School, the Packers have won their last two 
starts, defeating the Y. M. C. A. Tigers 48-0, 
and Hip Wo School, 13-6. The young grid- 
iron men have two games remaining on the 
schedule, although no dates have been set — 
one against the Chinese Playground team of 
Fred Mah and the other against Chung Wah 
School, coached by Leon Lym. 



American Nat'l Insurance Co. 

333 Montgomery Street 

FRANCIS B. LAI 

District Manager Oriental Dept. 

Honest — Dependable Service 

DOuglas 4423 or CHina 1850 



Season's Greetings 

LAWRENCE MAH 

INSURANCE 
315 Montgomery Street 



FOUL SHOT CHAMPS 

Arnold Lim and Jack Seid were crowned 
champions of the third annual Chinese Y. M. 
C. A. Foul Shooting Tournament held early 
this month. Arnold won in the senior divi- 
sion, while Jack was winner in the junior 
class. 

Following are the winners of first, second, 
third and fourth places, named in order: 
Senior, Arnold Lim, Bing Chin, Me Sing, 
and Frank Wong; Junior, Jack Seid, Lok 
Jung Ghin, Harry Chin and Fred Hong. 

Both first place winners caged twenty out 
of twenty-five tries, quite a difference from 
the world's record of 499 consecutive free 
throws made in Chicago by Harry Leavitt. 



BEST HOLIDAY WISHES 


FROM THE 


CANTON NOODLE 


FACTORY 


Jack Eng, Mgr. 


1135 Stockton St. San Francisco 



LEE b QUAN CO. 



Insurance Brokers 



Lee, 



Louis A. Quan - Richard L. 

Proprietors 
All Forms of Insurance 

867 Washington St. CH. 2071 



GREETINGS 

AN D 

SALUTATIONS 



THE 

TWIN 
DRAGON 

WISHES YOU 

A 

MERRY CHRISTMAS 

AN D A 

HAPPY 

NEW YEAR 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 15 



CHINATOWNIA 



REMEMBER WHEN? 

~"" By Chingwah Lee 

Remember when our girls used to have 
"embroidery circles," and how they used to 
exchange patterns and gossip over their 
needles ? 

Ja-jum or silk embroidery was considered 
a primary requisite for a cultured lady, and 
her matrimonial merits were often judged as 
much by the charm of her needlework as by 
the daintiness of her features. "A girl who 
cannot ja-jum is not fit for marriage. If poor 
she cannot contribute to the support of the 
family; if wealthy, she does not know what 
to do with her leisure" — so says the old 
timer. 

Girls of marriageable age would carry 
their sewing baskets and portfolios of ban 
(patterns cr samplers) to the home of one of 
the girls, preferably one with several eligible 
brothers. The samplers are tracings on tis- 
sue paper, done with the Chinese ink and 
brush, and some of them are exquisite work 
by themselves. They not only exchange 
samplers but consult the older ones as to 
what stitch to use for a given design — how 
to give "body" to deers and kilins, how to 
put "structural qualities" into dragons and 
butterflies. Very important is the confer- 
ence on colors: how to bring out the un- 
earthly tinge to a kingfisher's feathers; how 
to make the peacock's plumage realistic and 
yet not flashy (lo-lo sut-sut), how to bring 
out the central design ; how to put life into 
flowers. 

It is surprising how much of the finer 
points on needlework decoration the older 
girls can carry in their heads. Off hand they 
can name hundreds of motives, scores of 
pleasing combinations, and appropriate de- 
signs for different objects or different occa- 
sions. Remember the patterns on some of the 
things sister made? 

a. Younger brother's cap with the eight 
genii (pa shien) decoration. 

b. Father's tobacco pouch with the mal- 
low design (symbol of quietude). 

c. The four panels with the flowers of 
the four seasons (mei Ian kuk, juk). 

d. Brother's bedspread with the hawk and 
sun pattern (symbols of vision) . 

e. The tea cosy cover with the eight tri- 
gram (pa kwa) design. 

f. Mother's headband (tou pau) with the 
azalea and butterfly pattern (grace). 

g. Milady's slippers with the peony de- 
sign (spring, youth, and romance). 

h. Baby carrying strap (mei tai) with the 
pomegranate (fruitfulness) pattern. 

i. The heung pou (sachel) and ho pou 
(purses) with gold appliques. 

During the stitching there would be a 
great deal of random remarks and whisper- 
ing as to what is going on. "Have you heard ? 
So and so is already expecting a blessed 
event?" "So and so is asking So and So's 
father to 'jo chun.' The poor suiter, she's a 
real yuk po (medicine pot." "So and So 
brought his wife another jade bracelet, 
nearly half an inch thick, and well veined." 
"So and so plucks her eyebrows, and really, 



Chinese Digest Index 

(Continued from Page 11) 
Tsu Pan — 

China Off Silver Standard, 11-15-35. 
Japanese Expansion Hits Mongolia, 11- 

27-35. 
North China in Danger!, 11-22-35. 
North China in Deadlock, 11-6-35. 
New State in North China, 11-29-35. 
See also TOPICAL heading under FAR 
EAST for period from 11-15-35 to 
2-28-36. 
Two Consecrated Lives — Wm. Hov, 5-1-36. 

u 

U.S. Branch of Bank of China Opens, 7-17- 
36. 

w 

Wang Ching-Wei: biographical sketch, 11- 

22-35. 
What Price Freedom for the Philippines? 

11-22-35. 
When Rudyard Kipling Saw Chinatown, 

12-13-35. 
Why the Digest: Editorial, 11-15-35, same in 

issue of 11-13-36. 
Wings to China — Wm. Van Dusen, 11-22- 

35, 11-29, 12-6-36. 
WPA and Chinatown— Ethel Lum, 1-10-36. 
World's Student Christian Federation, Pa- 
cific Area Conference of the — Lim P. 

Lee, 9-4-36. 

Y 

Yang Kuei Fei— Dr. Henry H. Hart, 1-10- 

36. 
Yankee Adventurer and the Living Buddha, 

A— Wm. Hoy, 2-28-36. 

she still uses powder." "So and So is already 
settling down; the other day her hair looked 
like a hen's nest." "So and So's mother 
wanted 200 lai bang hop (gift boxes) for 
her wedding; such nerve." "Number two of 
rich So and So is taking over his father's 
business; they say he can work the abacus 
with his left hand and write with his right." 
"Young So and So can speak the devil's talk 
like a white man, but they say he also acts 
like one." 




Our home office pur- 
chased a large quan- 
tity of used type- 
writers which en- 
ables us to make 
some very attractive 
offers. Example: Cor- 
ona Portable, $14. We have all makes. 
New portables, also all makes. Guaran- 
teed terms as low as $3. Rentals, 3 
months $5.00. This ad good for $2 credit 
if you buy. 

AMERICAN WRITING 

MACHINE CO. 

Since 1880 

522 Market St. DOuglas 0648 



OUR LITTLE THEATER 

By Lien Fa 

"FASHIONS" 
Scene — Square and Circle Dance 
Place— Chinese Y. W. C. A., S. F. 
Date — December 5, 1936 

Featuring an imported Mandarin wrap, 
Miss May Jung wore a colorful creation 




with heavy thread embroidery, an all 
over pattern on a background of ebony, 
and trimmed with neat frog buttons down 
the front. Silver cord-like threads form- 
ed exquisite designs. 

This lovely wrap was lined wth soft 
white lapin, giving Miss Jung all the 
warmth and comfort as well as the smart- 
est wrap we have seen n a long time. 



The beauty of lace wa exemplified by 
Miss Margaret Tarn's gown of white, 
straightly styled with narrow shoulder 

straps. 



A jacket of glittering gold, nicely fitted 
with short puff sleeves and pleated pep- 
lum, featured Miss Helen Fong's outfit, 
With this, she wore a flared skirt of black 
crepe. 



Simple elegance marked Miss Daisy K. 
Wong's black gown, with a rhinestone 
clip as a contrast on the neckline. The 
accessories were also of rhinestones. 



rage 16 



CHINESE DICE ST 



January, 1937 



C H I N A T 



N I A 



PHILADELPHIA,— The annual bridge 
and dinner dance sponsored by the Chi- 
nese-American Republican Club was held 
at the Cathay Tea Garden, December 18. 
Livingston Chunn was installed as presi- 
dent of the club. 

Mrs. Ina Shih recently opened her 
Pagoda College of Beauty Culture. She 
owns and operates three beauty shops in 
the City. 

NEW YORK, N.Y.— The Jeune Doc 
Society, Ging Hawk Club, and the Chi- 
nese Campfire Girls gave an informal 
tea in honor of China's "Joan of Arc," 
the heroine of the North China crisis in 
Peiping last year, on December 3. Miss 
Pearl Horn presided. 

SEATTLE, WASH.— The Chinese 
Students' Club met at the home of Vice- 
Consul Leong on December 4. Mr. Frank 
Nipp, president of the club, introduced 
the Vice-Consul who spoke on the curr- 
ent conditions in China. 

The Cathay Club held a Christmas 
party in the home of Mr. Edwin Woo, 
December 12. 

PORTLAND, ORE.— A Yuletide 
party was given by the Misses Ella and 
Rose Coe at the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Louis Lee. December 5. Entertainment 
was provided by the Lotus Blossom Trio, 
the Hawaiian basketball players, and a 
mock wedding performed by Tunnie Lee, 
Mabel Lee and Joe Sato. 

The Chinese Girls' Club gave a card 
party for the new pledges at the home 
of Mrs. Benjamin Lee. The neophytes 
are Pearl Lee Yem, Isabelle Lee Hong, 
Marjorie Chinn, Dorothy Wong, Mildred 
Goon and Irene Chin. The club sponsor- 
ed the Wun Long Hop on December 21. 
The Chinese Girls' Reserve held their 
annual dinner at the home of Mrs. Stan- 
ley Chin. Their semi-formal dance was 
given on December 26 in the City Wo- 
men's Club. 

LOS ANGELES, CALIF.— The mon- 
thly meeting of the China Society of 
Southern California was held in Soochow 
Cafe, December 7th. Miss Pearl H. 
Wong, dean at Hwa Nam College in 
Foochow, Fukien province, spoke on 
"Women and Education in China." Miss 
Soo Yong, Chinese cinema actress, read 
some Chinese poems, while the Messrs. 
Yu Feng Sung and Young H. Chui of 
U. S. C. played a duet on Chinese flutes. 
The Lowa Athletic Club gave a benefit 
dance which was well supported by the 
Angelos, on December 19 at the Macca- 
bee Temple. 

Rev. B. Y. Leong, pastor of the Chi- 



nese Congregational Church and presi- 
dent of the Chinese Christen Union of 
San Francisco, is visiting in the city. 
Miss Amy Chinn of Seattle was also in 
town. 

The Chinese Tennis Club gave their 
annual dinner dance at the Blue Room 
Supperr Club on December 11. The win- 
ner of the men's singles was Mr. Elmer 
Gee, and the winner of the women's sin- 
gles was Miss Mamie Sing. 

STOCKTON, CALIF.— The Tau 
Lambda, Chinese girls' club under the 
sponsorship of Dr. Dora Lee, invited 
the "Tri-C" boys' club to a hike held in 
Louis Park. The girls made the lunches 
which were auctioned to the boys for a 
fair price. 

Dr. Dryden Phelps, professor at the 
West China University in Chengtu, Sze- 
chuan, spoke to the Breakfast Club on 
the major problems confronting China 
today. The Breakfast Club is attracting 
the attention of the Chinese youth of 
Stockton with its many interesting pro- 
grams. 

The following are officers of the newly- 
formed International Club: Rev. Jose 
Deso, pastor of the Filipino House of 
Friendship, president, Clarence Comp- 
ton, vice-president, Miss Mildred Jann, 
secretary, and Kenneth Jann, treasurer. 

The Stockton Community Chest will 
appoint a Chinese division manager to 
head the 1937 drive in the Chinese sec- 
tion, according to Mr. C. M. Menzies, 
president of the local Chest. Mr. Harry 
Hoffman, general manager of the Com- 
munity Chest, was approached by Mr. 
Joseph H. Won, local newshawk, for 
Chinese leadership in this year's cam- 
paign, and Mr. Hoffman replied, "This 
is a good suggestion, and I will appoint 
some prominent and interested Chinese 
to act as division manager for the 1937 
Community Chest Campaign." 

EERKELEY, CALIF.— The semi- 
annual elections of the Chinese Students' 
Club of the University of California 
were held and the following were elected 
officers of the club for the Spring seme- 
ster, 1937: Mr. David Lee, president, 
Miss Jessie Fung, vice-president, Miss 
Ruby Yee, secretary, Mr. Elmer Lee, 
treasurer, Mr. Earl Wong, auditor, and 
Mr. Freeman Hon house manager. The 
officials promise more interesting meet- 
ings, inter-club basketball games, inter- 
club socials, and the annual Spring In- 
formal for the coming semester, as re- 
lated by the new president, Mr. Lee. 
Dr. C. M. Li was given a bon voyage 



party and left Berkeley for his new post 
as professor of Economics at Nankai 
University, Tientsin, China. He left by 
way of Vancouver, B. C. Dr. Li received 
his M. A. and Ph. D. degrees at the 
University of California. 

Mr. Andrew Poon having received his 
M. S. in Police Administration from the 
University has left the west coast to 
further his studies in that field at the 
University of Chicago. He will visit the 
Police departments of Chicago, New 
York City, Boston, and other eastern 
cities with introductions from Professor 
August Vollmer, internationally famous 
(Continued on Next Page) 

GREYHOUND 

announces^ 



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P A C I F I C 

GREY/HOUND 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 17 



CHINATOWNIA 



police chief and criminologist. 

OAKLAND, CALIF. — Extensive plans 
are being made by the Waku Auxiliary 
for their annual Chinese New Year 
Dance to be held on February 13. The 
place will be announced later. 

The Chinesse Youth Circle met at the 
home of Dr. and Mrs. Raymond L. Ng 
and planned a dance to be given this 
Spring, tentatively set for March 6. Mr. 
Henry Chew, president of the club ap- 
pointed Mr. Edwin Gee general chair- 
man of the affair. 

Mrs. Beaulah Ah Tye Jung recently 
opened an office and became the first 
Chinese real estate agent licensed by the 
State of California. Mrs. Jung is the 
only known Chinese woman engaged in 
this business, and the first of her race 
to qualify under the new laws of the state. 
She recently passed the East Bay Real 
Estate Board examinations prescribed by 
the state division of real estate of Coli- 
fornia. 

WATSONVILLE, CALIF. — The 
Watsonville Boys' Club held its annual 
dinner dance at the Resetar Hotel on 
December 4. Mr. Parker Chan was re- 
elected president of the club. 

FRESNO, CALIF.— The Hi-Jinks 
given by the Fay Wah Juniors at the 
Chinese Center was a big success. Over 
250 members of the community were 
present. The orchestra members were 
Messrs. Francis Dott, Guy Lai, Edward 
Bowen, Wesley Chow, Clarence Mah, 
and Robert Hall. The "girls" who sang 
were Edward Young, Harold Sam, Law- 
rence Lew, and Raymond Lee. The im- 
personators were a big hit. A skit in 
Chinese was rendered by Clarence Mah, 
Wesley Chow, Lew Hang, and Leonard 
Louie. It was one of the big events of 
the Fall season. 

SANTA BARBARA, CALIF.— Mrs. 
Walter Kong gave an informal "Pot 
Luck" party at Paradise Camp. Guests 
were the Misses Irene Soo Hoo and Elsie 
Tom, and the Messrs. Frank Yee, James 
Yee, Sam Yee, and Jain Wong. 

Mr. Henry Tomm, a former resident 
of the city, has returned to his hometown 
from Mendota for a short stay with his 
parents. 

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.— The 
International Institute was "at home" to 
the folks of San Francisco on Sunday, 
December 20. The program offered a 
glimpse of the cosmopolitan life of the 
"city that knows how." The afternoon 
tea was presided over by Chinese hostesses 
with a New Year motif in a typical Chi- 



nese home. The International Institute 
offers service and information to the 
foreign-born public. 

More than thirty boys and girls attend- 
ed the recent weenie roast at the beach 
near Fleishacker Zoo given by the Nu- 
lite Club. Among those present were, 
the Misses Mabel Leong, Mary Chan, 
Agnes Leong, Rita Yuan, Hazel Lee, 
Genevieve Chong and Alice Chew. 

A grad dance was given by the Chinese 
Fran-Laicos Club of the Francisco Jun- 
ior High School at the N.S.G.S. Hall, 
on Dec. 19. Miss Phoebe Wong was on 
the committe of arrangements. 

Under the supervision of Miss Polly 
McQuire, director of the Chinese Play- 
ground produced a play, "Christmas 
Candle," at Commerce High School. On 
the 22nd, a program was given at the 
playground wijth a Punch and Judy 
Show, a magician, Christmas storie*, 
Juggles and Rhumba Band, and other 
entertainments. Santa Claus visited the 
Chinese children on December 24. This 
was a gala affair. 

Diminutive Sun Loy Chan, popular 
ten year old singer and tap dancer of 
the famous O'Neill Kiddies, appeared 
in a local theater recently. Featured as 
one of the solos of the program, Sun 
Loy gave a clever professional tap and 
a violin solo. 

• • 

BACCALAUREATE SERVICE 
FOR GRADUATES 

Dr. Tully C. Knoles, president of the 
College of the Pacific, and one of Cali- 
fornia's foremost educators, will be the 
speaker for the baccalaureate service for 
the Chinese graduates of the San Fran- 
cisco high schools, Sunday, Dec. 27, 
2:00 p.m. at the Chinese Baptist Church, 
1 Waverly Place. 

This is the first time such an event 
has ever been planned for the Chinese 
high school graduates of San Francisco. 
They will be the guests of honor at the 
service. Rev. Albert Lau, pastor of the 
church, has planned a special program 
of music for the occasion. Mr. Ira C. 
Lee will preside. 

Alumni of the College of the Pacific 
and the University of Southern Cali- 
fornia are specially invited to hear Dr. 
Knoles. Immediately after the service 
they will honor Dr. Knoles with a re- 
ception at the Far East Cafe, where Dr. 
Margaret Chung will act as toastmistress. 
Lake Tahoe delegates are welcome to the 
occasion, also. 



DANCE STUDIO 
ANNOUNCES OPENING 

Miss Helen M. Fong, recent graduate 
of the University of California in Phy- 
sical Education-Hygiene, has opened a 
studio where she is giving private lessons 
in social and classical dancing at 664 
Powell St. Miss Fong is a member of 
Orchesis, honorary dance society. 

Courses to be offered by Miss Fong 
are Fundamentals of Ballet, Modern 
Dance, Aesthetic Dance, Fundamentals 
of Chinese Classical Dance, and Ball- 
room Dancing. Miss Fong's office hours 
at the studio are, Fridays, 4-5 p.m., and 
7:30-10:00 p.m. She is available for 
conference at the Chinese Y.W.C.A., 
Phone SUtter 9843. 

Start your New Year with this delight- 
ful form of erercise for health, pleasure, 
and poise. 

• • 

DIVISION B., B. S. A. TROOP 3, 
PLANS STAG PARTY 

The third annual Stag Rally of "Di- 
vision B" of Troop 3, B. S. A., will be 
held on New Year's Day on schedule, 
according to Henry Owyang, chairman 
of arrangements. The former Boy Scouts, 
once the pride of Chinatown in com- 
munity service and emergency calls, are 
looking forward to this annual event. 

Organized ten and a half years ago 
by Chingwah Lee, Thomas A. Wong, 
Thomas W. Chinn, Lim P. Lee, and Roy 
S. Tom, this division of Troop 3 has 
produced leaders in social service, pro- 
fessional and business men, and many 
good athletes for the Chinese communi- 
ties of California. 



ALFRED B. CHONG 



INSURANCE 



"No obligation rests more heavily 

upon a man than to provide security 

for those dependent on him." 



SUtter 2995 
Suite 1701-2 



111 Sutter St. 
San Francisco 



Page 18 



CHINESE DIGEST 



January, 1937 



CHINESE ARTIST STRUGGLES FOR FAME 



By William Hoy 



Among the small group 
of local Chinese artists there 
are at most only half a dozen 
whose talents bear watching. 
One of these is a 26 year 
old water - colorist whose 
name sounds Nordic and 
whose art does not bear any 
Chinese feeling or influence. 
The artist is Dong King- 
man, who recently won the 
first prize of $50 in the San 
Francisco Art Association's 
second annual exhibition 
held at the Museum of Art. 
He won it with a picture en- 
titled "Church," a water co- 
lor of the Sts. Peter and Paul 
Church in North Beach, a 
short distance from China- 
town. 

Two years ago Dong was 
almost unheard of among 
San Francisco's art lovers 
and unknown to the regular 
visitors to art galleries. But 
since that time, however, one 
after another of his water colors, rang- 
ing in subjects from Chinatown scenes 
to studies of the Bay Bridge and Tele- 
graph Hill environs, have been exhibit- 
ed in such galleries as the Palace of Le- 
gion of Honor, De Young Museum, S. 
F. Museum of Art, the art gallery of 
the University of California, the Oak- 
land Art Gallery and the S. F. Art Cen- 
ter. 

At present 7 of his recent works are on 
exhibit at Gump's gallery. One of these, 
entitled, "Parkside," is shown on this 
page. 

Young Dong held a one-man exhibi- 
tion of 20 of his water colors early this 




W***i(j 



* " ■ * <■» t ai ^tiiMwi * 



year at the Art Center, 730 Montgomery 
Street. After viewing his work, Junius 
Craven, the well-known art critic, who 
has since died, thus expressed his opin- 
ion of this Chinese artist: "There is no- 
thing in Kingman's painting which be- 
trays the Oriental . . . while his approach 
is that of a Westerner, there is nothing 
in the result which hints at an attempt 
on the part of the artist to imitate any- 
thing that is foreign to him. 

"... probably Kingman already has 
developed that universal quality which 
may place a sincere artist's work above 
the limitations of either racial character- 
istics or 'schools.' Kingman's art belongs 



to the world-at-large of today. 

"He handles hs color fluently, in 
broad, telling masses. He is completely 
sincere and never superficial. Here is a 
real water color painter." 

Dong Kingman is a Cantonese (Toy- 
shan district) born in Oakland. He went 
to China when still a child and attended 
school in Hongkong for many years. It 
was while there that he discovered and 
developed his talent for water color 
painting. Fortunately he studied under 
a native art teacher who had studied his 
subject in Paris. Later Dong studied 
for a short time at Lingnan University 
in Canton. 



TRADE BETWEEN CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES 



Resume of speech delivered by Mr. Patrick 
Pichi Sun to a group of the Institute of 
Pacific Relations, on the evening of De- 
cember 8, 1936, at the St. Francis Hotel, 
San Francisco. 

The trade relations between China and the 
United States can be reviewed under three 
main headings: First, from the point of view 
of their historical development, the begin- 
nings of trade between the two nations, the 
early trade, and the early treaty relations; 
second, with an eye to the types and quanti- 
ties of commodities exchanged and the 
changing character of that exchange through 
the development of the trade, the balance 
of payments between the two countries, and 
the relative importance of the tradj of each 
to the other; and third, with a view to the 
possibilities of further expanding and devel- 
oping that trade from its present condition. 
Americans were late-comers in the history 



of Chinese foreign trade. By the beginning of 
the seventeenth century, the Dutch, Portu- 
guese, and British were already in the field, 
while the Americans did not open their 
trade relationship with China until 1784. In 
that year, the Boston ship, "Empress of 
China," arrived at Canton with a cargo of 
ginseng from the southern colonies. On her 
return voyage she carried tea and spices to 
inaugurate the new commerce. 

American enthusiasm knew no bounds at 
the successful conclusion of this voyage. 
Here was another field in which the col- 
onists' familiarity with the sea could be put 
to use; here was an opportunity for the 
trade expansion so necessary since the sever- 
ance of trade relations with England during 
the Revolutionary War. The Continental 
Congress attached so much importance to 
this development that it immediately ap- 
pointed Samuel Shaw, supercargo of. the 



"Empress of China." consul at Canton, and 
passed legislation to encourage the China 
trade. Later, Oregon, in the opinion of many, 
was acquired in the hope of establishing a 
West Coast port to facilitate the expansion 
of the trade. But, taken by and large, the 
early trade with China was not protected by 
legislation, and American traders \\i.-e left 
to shift for themselves on the fringe of com- 
merce conducted largely by thr established 
traders of England, Holland, and Portugal. 
At the close of the Opium Wars, there was 
a definite attempt on the part of England 
and other countries to divide China into 
spheres of influence, and it became apparent 
that the future of American trade with 
China required the enactment >>\ treaties 
that would give American rights equivalent 
to those enjoyed by nationals of other coun- 
tries. In 1S44, the dishing Treaty was signed, 
giving America access to certain points and 



January, 1937 



CHINESE DIC EST 



Page 19 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



the right of extra-territoriality, and achiev- 
ing amicably the very results for which 
Great Britain had resorted to force. As a re- 
sult, America's trade with China grew by 
leaps and bounds. This initial treaty was fol- 
lowed by others in 18S8, 1868, 1894, and 
1903, which reaffirmed and expanded the 
Cushing Treaty. In 1927 the United States 
was the first Nation to relinquish her treaty 
right of interferring in China's tariff legisla- 
tion, and the Soong-McMurray agreement 
exemplifies the genuine friendly spirit of the 
United States toward China. The treaty his- 
tory, in general, is a record of amicable and 
constructive relationship throughout. 

America's commercial policy toward China 
has developed with the increase of Amer- 
ican interests in China and the China trade. 
The purchase of Alaska, the acquisition of 
the Philippines, and the opening of the Pan- 
ama Canal have all played their part in the 
development of trade with China. Geograph- 
ically, they brought China closer to the 
United States, and commercially, they in- 
creased the opportunities for a lucrative 
trade between the two nations. But America 
still had to contend with attempts by other 
nations to partition China for their own use, 
and in 1899, was forced to adopt a formu- 
lated policy in China. This, the Open Door 
policy, has been the keynote of America's po- 
sition ever since, and the Root-Takahira 
Agreement, in which Japan agreed to re- 
spect America's interests in China, the Wash- 
ington Treaty, in which nations agreed to 
respect China's administrative and terri- 
torial integrity, and the Hoover-Stimson 
policy of non-recognition of Japan's acqui- 
sition of Manchuria, all tend to reaffirm and 
extend that policy. 

When we come to consider the actual con- 
ditions of trade between China and the 
United States, it becomes important that we 
give at least some consideration to the 
amounts, value, and kinds of goods inter- 
changed. For example, we find that the bal- 
ance of payments between the two nations 
has changed to a marked degree since 1875. 
In that year, America imported $12,000,000 
worth of goods from China, while she ex- 
ported only $1,500,000 worth of goods. In 
1935, we find that the picture has changed 
radically, with the United States importing 
$49,000,000 worth of goods, as against an 
export figure of $62,000,000. Thus we find 
that together with a phenomenal increase in 
the total value of the China trade, there has 
been a change in the direction of the balance 
of payment. Where China had enjoyed what 
is popularly known as a favorable trade bal- 
ance in the early years of Sino-American 
trade relations, in the latter years that bal- 
ance has been reversed in favor of the 
United States. But, curiously enough, the di- 
rection of specie shipments has always been 
toward China. Even in recent years, Amer- 
ican investments in China, immigrant remit- 
tances, and certain other invisible items 
have been sufficient to more than make up 
1 for the trade balance in favor of America. 
Of course, these figures really do not mean 
much — both the dollar and the tael have 
depreciated in value in the course of these 
trade relations; more invisible items have 
entered into the picture; and the nature of 
the trade has changed; but they do serve to 



show the general trend which relations be- 
tween the two nations have taken. 

If we consider the changing nature of the 
commodities interchanged between the two 
countries and think of it in connection with 
the figures just quoted, it may be that we 
will get a clearer picture of the relationship 
between China and the United States. Dur- 
ing the period from 1784 to 1844, for ex- 
ample, the United States sent to China gin- 
seng, furs, and skins, sandal wood from 
Hawaii, beche de mer, and quicksilver. All 
of these things were raw materials that were 
to be converted into finished commodities 
at the hands of the Chinese. China, on the 
other hand, sent tea, silk, nankeen, china- 
ware, cassia, sugar, to the United States. 
These were all partially or fully manufac- 
tured goods and foodstuffs, and the balance 
of trade was heavily in favor of China. The 
difference was paid in specie or exchange on 
London. From 1845 to 1894, however, the 
picture changed, and we find a quite differ- 
ent list of commodities entering into the 
trade. During that period, America sent to 
China cotton manufactures, coal, iron and 
steel manufactures, mineral oils, tobacco, 
wheat, and flour ; she received in return silk, 
a smaller amount of tea than had formerly 
been the case, drugs, dyes, chemicals, straw 
materials for the manufacture of hats, and 
vegetable oils. The whole situation was in- 
verted, and we find that America was send- 
ing manufactured goods to China, whereas 
she had formerly been an important source 
of raw materials for China ; and that she 
was receiving raw materials from China, 
whereas her previous imports had been 
manufactures. 

In the modern period from 1895 to 1935, 
the change becomes even more marked, and, 
together with certain key raw materials, we 
find the United States exporting to China a 
list of increasingly complicated heavy ma- 
chinery, such as motor cars, trucks, and in- 
dustrial equipment. Certain manufactures, 
like cotton piece goods, have fallen off in 
importance because of native and Japanese 
competition. At the same time, China seeks 
an increasingly varied list of raw materials 
for export to the United States. Raw silk, 
in decreasing amounts due to Japanese com- 
petition, tea, hides, skins, tung oil, eggs and 
egg products, bristles, rugs, sesame seeds, 
and intestines make up a large part of Chi- 
nese exports to the United States, and this 
list serves to show the variety of export ma- 
terials upon which China now depends. This 
diversification is one of the strong points in 
China's trade with the United States and is 
one of the best indications of the sound basis 
upon which it rests. China has many things 
which the United States needs, and there is 
small likelihood that she will be replaced as 
a source of certain materials for American 
industry. 

America has always been an important 
factor in China's foreign trade, and the post- 
war period has found that importance grow- 
ing until today America is both the greatest 
market for Chinese goods and the greatest 
source of the commodities that China needs. 
In 1935, for example, 19 per cent of China's 
imports came from the United States and 
22>y 2 per cent of China's exports went to 
the United States. Of her imports in 1934, 
China bought 97 per cent of her tobacco, 85 
per cent of automotive machinery, 80 per 
cent of her lubricating oil, 65 per cent of her 
wheat, and 58 per cent of her cotton from 
the United States. Of her exports in 1934, 
China sent 92 per cent of her wool, 68 per 



cent of her hides and skins, 61 per cent of 
her tung oil, and 43 per cent of her sesame 
seeds to the United States. These figures 
show very clearly that China is quite de- 
pendent upon the United States in both as- 
pects of her trade. 

When we consider the position of China 
from the point of view of the United States, 
however, we find that the picture is quite 
different. During the past five years, only 2 
to 3 per cent of her total imports came from 
China, and only 3 to 4 per cent of her ex- 
ports went to China. These figures are not 
very reassuring, but figures do not always 
tell the whole story. The fact remains that 
China is an important supplier of some of 
the things that America needs. Sesame seeds, 
tung oil, eggs and egg products have their in- 
disputable plane in the American economy, 
and there seems to be small probability that 
China will be supplanted as an important 
source of these materials in the near future. 

What, then, is the future of Chinese- 
American trade ? It is impossible to deny the 
fact that China's immense area and popula- 
tion offer great possibilities for an expansion 
of the American market in China. Although 
China's imports now amount only to $1.50 
per capita, there is reason to hope that this 
condition will be changed in the future. The 
political instability of China has been given 
as a reason for discounting her potentiality 
as a market, but this is only a question of 
time, and the rate of Chinese reconstruc- 
tion seems to indicate that the time required 
for political stabilization will not be as long 
as has been expected. With the construction 
of expensive railroads under way, with the 
construction of almost one hundred thou- 
sand miles of highways since 1921, and with 
the continued extension of commercial avia- 
tion, China being unified politically, the 
standard of living will automatically be 
raised, and the demand for American manu- 
factures, especially heavy machinery, will in- 
crease. With the progress of reconstruction 
there will be a heavy demand for capital 
goods, machinery, iron and steel, lumber, 
asphalt for roads, gas and oil, and airplanes. 
The stabilization of the price of silver alone 
will do much to stimulate trade between the 
two countries. China's currency will be 
stable and traders and investors will be more 
confident in the execution of their business. 
Thus we see that China will almost inevi- 
table become a more important market for 
the United States. 

Expansion for China as a source of mate- 
rials is more problematical. Vested interests 
in the United States demand high tariff 
against imports and have fostered a nation- 
alistic spirit and economy that constitute a 
serious obstacle to the improvement of 
trade relations. But whether this nationalism 
is economically expedient or not is a matter 
of speculation. Despite this present handi- 
cap, it is to be noted that China has monop- 
olies on some of the things of which the 
United States is in need, and these things 
will continue to serve as the cornerstone of 
China's transpacific trade. In addition to 
this fact, we can see that China has always 
managed to find new articles that have been 
welcomed in the American market. There is 
no reason to suppose that China's ingenuity 
has been exhausted. 

All in all, it can be said that both China 
and America have an important stake in 
their present and future interchange of com- 
modities. The question of protecting and 
fostering that stake is one that will become 
increasingly important as time goes on. 



Page 20 



CHINESE DIGEST 



January, 1937 




THE CATHAYANS ORCHESTRA "Distinctive Dance Music" 

1st row, left to right: Mai Sum, Robert Wong, Kenneth Lee, William Chan, William Wong, Winfred 

Lee, William Lee and Edward Quon 

2nd row, left to right: David Sum, Harold Loo, Frances Chun, Fred Wong, Teddy Lee and Dudley Lee 

EDWARD W. QUON, MANAGING DIRECTOR - - DAVID SUM, LEADER 
750 Grant Avenue - - Telephone CHina 0500 - - San Francisco 

Chinatown's Favorite Orchestra 
Favors Moore Clothes! 




May I wish you and 
yours happy holidays! 
If you still have some 
holiday shopping to 
do, let me know, and 
I'll be glad to help. 
And please be sure to 
call for me when you 
come into Moore's. 
"Colday" Leong 



T T was only natural that the smartest orchestra in China- 
-*- town should want smart clothes. That's why they went 
to Moore's to get them. And so do the young moderns of 
Chinatown. They like the cut and the fit of Hart Schaffner 
8C Marx quality clothes. They like their reasonable prices. 
They like the pleasant friendly salesmen who serve them at 
Moore's (that includes "Colday" too!) 



141 Kearny - San Francisco 
840 Market - San Francisco 
1450 Baoadway - Oakland 



MOORFS 



Chinese representative at 
San Francisco Kearny Street 
store only: "Colday" Leong 







<g-^ 



Vol. 3, No. 2 




COMMENT-- SOCl&t, • • SCOliTS 
tt£WS * * CULTUC€ - - UT£££7UCL£ s»« »a»Ncisso.ci»ufcoiu» t£] 

Ten Cents 



February, 1937 







Chinatown Prepares For Chinese New Year 

For three-quarters of a century San Francisco's Chinatown has 
celebrated 2 new years every 365 days, and this year this custom will 
prevail as of yore. Chinese New Year will occur on February 11. 

Miss Bertha Wong is seen above preparing to set off a giant fire- 
cracker. The aged immortal on the richly embroidered wall hanging 
in the back is the Chinese symbol of longevity. 



Page 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



February, 1937 



EDITORIAL 



NEW EDITOR 
The Chinese Digest takes pleasure in presenting its 
new editor for this year, Mr. William Hoy. 

Our retiring editor, Mr. Thomas Chinn, after a year 
of conscientious effort, is now Managing Editor. Mr. 
Chinn has done his work well as editor. Against tre- 
mendous odds he has put the Digest, as it were, on the 
map. A true pioneer, he now desires to concentrate 
on opening new territories for the Digest. Especially 
will he concen trate on the building up of the Advertis- 
ing Department, the life blood of every paper. 

Mr. William Hoy is already well known to Digest 
readers through his regular column, "Reviews and Com- 
ment," and through occasional editorials. Many are 
well acquainted with his discerning observation of cur- 
rent events, his occasional features on the lives of well- 
known Chinese in America and in China, and his im- 
partial evaluation of current literature — all this pro- 
jected against a rich background of specialized know- 
ledge and personal experience on two continents. 

From the very inception of the Digest, many of Mr. 
Hoy's contributions have been quoted, translated or 
reprinted, either in full or in condensation form, by 
other publications in America and in China. The latest 
instance is to be found in the December, 1936 — Janu- 
ary, 1937 issue of the Chinese Students' Christian Asso- 
ciation Bulletin, in which a condensed form of his re- 
view of "San Francisco's Chinatown" appears. Also, 
in the January, 1937 issue of Westways magaine there 
is an article entitled "Moy Jin Mun, Liege Lord of Old 
Chinatown," by Idwal Jones, author of "China Boy," 
in which the story was based mostly on the short bio- 
graphy written by William Hoy of this grand old man 
of Chinatown. After writing the article Idwal Jones 
wrote to William Hoy, stating that "there wouldn't 
have been any story if you hadn't written that piece on 
Moy Jin Mun, and I drew heavily upon it." 

The Digest is definitely fulfilling a long felt need 
for information and interpretation of China and of 
the Chinese in America, and we are looking forward 
to another year of exciting journalism with our new 
editor. 



IMPROVEMENT KEEPS PACE WITH 
POPULARITY OF DIGEST 

According to Mr. Henry S. Tom, popular secretary 
at the Chinese Y. M. C. A. in San Francisco, the 
Digest is a "hot number", being in constant perusal in 
the "Y" reading room from morning to night, often 
necessitating replacement with a fresh copy within a 
short time. Investigation shows that this is also gen- 
erally true of other reading rooms in Chinatown. As a 
result of this popularity our advertisers are reaping a 
golden havest. 

Such realization spurs our workers to put forth their 
best to make the Digest consistently worthy of its pre- 
sent reception. This is why each issue of the Digest 
finds us with added improvements. 

(Continued on Page 19) 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published monthly at 868 Washington Street 
San Francisco, California (CHina 2400) 

WILLIAM HOY, Editor 

Per year, jSl.OO; Per copy, 10 cents 

Foreign, {SI. 50 per year 

All articles copyrighted. For reprints, special permission must be 

secured in writing. 

STAFF 

CHINGWAH LEE Associate Editor 

FRED G. WOO Sports Editor, Office Manager 

LIM P. LEE . Sociological Data 

THOMAS W. CHINN Managing Editor 

HELEN M. FONG Circulation Manager 

WALLACE H. FONG Photographer 

CORRESPONDENTS and REPRESENTATIVES 

Bakersfield . Mamie Lee 

Berkeley . _ __ ._ __ ._ . Glenn D. Lym 

Fresno Allen Lew 

Honolulu, T. H. ___ Grace H. Goo 

Los Angeles .__ __. ____ .._ ____ Elsie Lee. Bernice Louie 

New York ._ _. Annabelle Wong, Bing Chan 

Oakland . Hector Eng, E. M. Loo 

Portland __ Eva Moe, Edgar Lee 

Salinas _ .„. ..._ . Edward Chan 

Santa Barbara .„ . ._ Albert Ye« 

Seattle _ Eugene Wong, Edwin Luke 

Watsonville _ _ Alice Shew 

FOUNDERS and PUBLISHERS: 

THOMAS W. CHINN. President; CHINGWAH LEE, Treasurer 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Editorial 2, 19 

China Faces 1937 Hsieh Wei-lum 3 & 17 

Chinese Inventions &C Discoveries: No 

XXXII Chingwah Lee 4 & 5 

Opportunities for American Born 

Chinese in China Interview with 

Dr. Charles R. Shepherd Lim P. Lee 6 

A Survey of Early Chinese-American 

Relations (conclusion) Alice P. Fong 7 

Chinatownia 8, 9, 10, 1 1. 12, 1 3 

Saga of a Boy Photographer . C. W. L. 14 

Sports Fred G. Woo 15 & 16 

Miscellaneous 18 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICE ST 



Page 3 



FAR EAST 



CHINA FACES 1937 

By Hsieh Wei-lum 

China faces 1937 in a much more op- 
timistic mood and in a far more different 
situation, both internally and externally 
speakng, than she did in the year before. 

In the 10 years since the establishment 
of the central government at Nanking 
the country has not started a new year 
as hopefully as she did this one. As late 
as the latter part of 1936 China's place 
in Far Eastern politics was still loaded 
with ominous potentialities: a powder keg 
liable to explode any minute, and in- 
volving in its conflagration both Japan 
and Soviet Russia. But suddenly the 
political pendulum swung. China found 
herself almost the mistress of her destiny. 

Yet, actually, what is the country's 
situation at present and what are her 
prospects for 1937? 

First of all, the country's hopeful ele- 
ment, both at home and abroad, are 
pointing with pride at what to them is 
an acknowledged fait accompli: the poli- 
tical unity of China. For a decade, they 
said, China was not able to achieve na- 
tional unity due to the semi-autonomous 
Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces. These 
were the rebellious provinces, indepen- 
dent financially and politically of Nan- 
king, and giving only lip service to the 
central government. "No national unity 
was possible until control of these prov- 
inces could be exercised. 

Then a quasi-miracle happened. The 
two southern provinces, feeling them- 
selves strong enough to challenge the 
authority of Nanking, set out for the 
scalp of General Chiang Kai-shek, head 
of the national army and the one really 
strong man of the country. Camouflaged 
as an anti-Japanese expedition, General 
Chen Chia-tang of Kwangtung and Gen- 
erals Pai Chung-hsi and Li Chung-jen 
of Kwangsi raised the standard of revolt. 

What then transpired is history, too 
well remembered to be recounted here. 
The intelligent masses saw through the 
real motive behind the southern military 
leaders' plan and refused material or 
moral support. Various military units 
of the southern leaders' armies, includ- 
ing scores of war planes and pilots, went 
over to Nanking. The revolt was crushed 
without bloodshed. The most critical 
threat to the unity of the nation in a de- 
cade of history was prevented. 

But the removal of this threat did not 



achieve unity for the country. In the 
North the military expansionists of Jap- 
an have not receded from their policy 
of gaining control of the northern prov- 
inces, by diplomatic maneuver and pres- 
sure if possible, and by military force 
if necessary. General Chiang's master- 
ful stroke in achieving control of the 
southern provinces did not stop Japan's 
political design in the North, but merely 
hasten it. The second stumbling block 
to national unity is represented by the 
Communist armies in the interior. The 
The number of Communists in arms has 
always been a mystery, and still is. But 
it has been given as at least 10,000 and 
as many as 50,000; though a good guess 
may be 30,000. 

At any rate, against the Communist 
armies General Chiang has fought 
for the better part of 10 years, at first 
sporatically, but since 1930 with relentless 
energy. Better than any other national 
leaders, Chiang understood the actual 
and potential danger of Communism to 
the central government, a fear corres- 
ponding to the same feeling the Japanese 
militarists entertain for the Communists 
in their own country. This was the rea- 
son Chiang fought and continued to 
fight the Communists even while Jap- 
an's sword- rattlers ran over the bound- 
aries of Jehol into North China. 



At the zenith of their power the Com- 
munist armies had occupied the provinces 
of Kiangsi, Fukien and parts of Hunan, 
and had set up a Chinese Soviet Repub- 
lic. They later penetrated Hupeh and 
Szechwan. From these strongholds they 
were driven out by Chiang. Northwest- 
ward they marched and now are shifting 
between Kansu, Ningsia and Shensi prov- 
inces. And since the defection of Chiang 
Hsueh-liang's army leaders, the Com- 
munsits have found new allies, arms and 
money with which to buy needed food 
and ammunitions. 

Geographically, the Chinese Soviet Re- 
public may no longer be a fact, but those 
who give allegiance to it are still active 
and many, driven hither and yon though 
they still are by government forces. And 
their erstwhile leaders are still alive — 
with the possible exception of Chu Teh — 
and are still leading the armies. 

The most brilliant political organizer 
of the Communists is Mao Tse-tung, the 
one person whom Chiang must eventually 
crush before the latter can claim victory 
for his fight against the Red armies. Mao 
is as full of Communist principles as 
Chiang is full of Kuomintang principles, 
and compromise between the two, at this 
juncture, is beyond possibility. 

There is strong sentiment in the coun- 
( Continued on Page 17) 



IF YOU ARE IN DOUBT 

If you do not quite understand your insurance policies; 
if you are not quite sure just what they cover or just 
what they do not cover ... a few minutes spent in our 
office will prove a good investment. We will be glad to 
give you an impartial report on your insurance contracts 
and explain them to you in detail. 

We'll tell you if you have too much or too little insurance 
and whether it is properly written. There is no charge 
for this service and you will be subjected to no high- 
pressure selling schemes. It is a service we offer free to 
those who wish to be SURE OF THEIR INSURANCE. 

EDWARD W. QUON 

Insurance 
Counsellor - Underwriter - Broker 

750 Grant Avenue Phone CHina 0500 

San Francisco, California 



Page 4 



CHINESE D I CE ST 



February, 1937 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



Chinese Inventions and 
Discoveries 

XXXII: THE CHINESE HAD A MATERIA 
MEDICA 2,500 YEARS ACO; THEY ANTI- 
CIPATED PAVLOV'S EXPERIMENT, THE 
CERM THEORY, THE BINOMINAL SYSTEM 
OF NAMINC, AND THE NATURAL SY- 
STEM OF CLASSIFICATION 



The first known Materia Medica or 
Herbal Treaty is credited to Emperor 
Shen Nung of 2,700 IB. C, a legendary 
figure who, anticipating Pavlov by some 
4,600 years, inserted a glass window in 
his abdominal wall so that he could study 
the effect of the various herbs on the in- 
ternal organs. He is also said to have 
invented the plow and to teach his people 
agriculture. 

More likely, the first Materia Medica 
was published about 2,500 years ago, at 
the end of the Chou Dynasty. This was 
a great period in the development of 
Chinese medicine. Chou physicians dis- 
covered the circulation of the blood, 
practiced dissection, and produced a book 
of anatomy (Chinese Digest, 2-21-36). 
They also had a Board of Public Health 
and a Vetinary Department (Chinese Di- 
gest, 3-13-36). 

According to one account the first 
Materia Medica has 347 entries; 43 on 
minerals, 239 on vegetables, and 28 on 
animals. According to another there 
were 365 entries, one for each day in 
the year. At that time the Chinese had 
a calendar based on the solar system; it 
was not till later that they developed a 
luni-solar calendar. 

The herbal treaty grew with the cen- 
turies, and by the time of the Mings had 
over 1,500 entries. An herbal doctor, 
one Li Shih-Chen, worked 26 years in 
producing the present Materia Medica or 
"Pen T'sao Kang Mu". It has 52 vol- 
umes, and cites some 950 publications by 
some 800 authorities, besides listing 42 
previous works of a similar nature. There 
are 1,100 woodcuts, and some of the 
plants reproduced are so accurate that a 
botanist can easily identify the genus of 
each. 

This Materia Medica was presented to 
the Emperor Wan Li (Cantonese: Man 
Lik) in 1596 and it was ordered printed 
the following year. During the Ch'ing 
Dynasty four important editions were 
made, and even today the Pen T'sao is 
considered a standard work by Chinese 
herbalists. My late father, a throat spe- 



M » 





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s%= 




n « 




# 5 







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X 



Uj 



% m m & 




£ 




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Jt K 




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Two pages from the Chinese Materia Medica, late 
Ch'ing dynasty edition, showing type of illustrations 



cialist, had one of the early editions, and 
during the fire of 1906 he fled San Fran- 
cisco with a roll of blankets strapped 
to his back, my younger brother on his 
right arm, a bundle of necessities on his 
left, and the Pen T'sao and other medical 
books hanging from his neck in front of 
him! 

There is much dispute as to the rela- 
tive merits of the early Chinese and West- 
ern medicine. Henderson, writing in 
1865, believed that the medical art of 
Greece in the time of Hippocrates, with 
its Egyptian, Persian, and Arabian heri- 
tage, was superior to that of China. On 
the other hand, Dr. B. E. Reading, writ- 
ing in the Far Eastern Association of 
Tropical Medical Transactions in 1924, 
stated that so far as the Materia Medica 
was concerned, the Pen T'sao is compar- 
able to European medicine at the begin- 
ning of the nineteenth century. "In 
fact, when there has been a proper an- 
alysis of its contents and claims as com- 
pared with most recent therapeutical and 
biological standards, the Chinese Materia 
Medica holds a place second to none." 

The Materia Medica is divided into 
three sections: The Animal, Vegetable, 
and Mineral Kingioms. The Mineral 



Kingdom has 308 entries and is divided 
into three sections, water, fire, and min- 
erals, and the latter are divided into 
earth, metals, gems, and sttones. Among 
the chemicals mentioned are acconite, 
alum, arsenic, borax, calomel, nitre, su- 
gar of lead, and sulphate of coppar. The 
metals have 28 entries, including alloys 
and oxides of various bronze utensils. 
Besides precious stones, some 14 kinds 
of jade are listed. 

As may be surmised, the vegetable king- 
dom occupies the greater portion of the 
book. The plants are divided into herbs 
(591 entries), grains (79), vegetables 
(105), fruits (123), and trees (160). 
Herbs are divided into Hill (70 entries), 
fragrant (56), marshy (126), poisonous 
(47), climbing (82), aquatic (22), stony 
(19), mossy (16), miscellaneous plants 
(9) and weeds (153). Many adjuvants, 
coloring agents, aromatics, and edibles 
are mentioned among the herbs, but all 
are said to have therapeutic values. 

From the standpoint of nomenclature 
and classification the section on the ani- 
mal kingdom is most interesting. The 
animals, with 293 entries, are divided in- 
to five divisions or phyla, as follows: 

I Ch'ung (worms and arthropods) (99 
entries) : 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 5 



CULTURE 



/ 



1. Egg born insects: bees, butterflies, etc. 
(23). 

2. Metamorphic: glow-worms, gnats, (31). 

3. Aquatic: Amphibia (toads), water 
beedles, (23). 

4. Arachinada: Spiders, grasshoppers, 
(22). 

II Scaly animals (85): 

1. Dragon, lizards, etc. (9). 

2. Scaled snakes (17). 

3. Pisces — all scaled fishes (31). 

4. Scaleless fishes, eels, squids, (28). 

III Shelled animals (46) : 

1. Mollisca: clams, oysters, (29). 

2. Testudinatea: Turtles, tortoise, (17). 

IV Aves (77): 

1. Domestic fowls (23). 

2. Water fowls (23). 

3. Forest birds (17) . 

4. Mountain birds (14). 

V Mammalia (86): 

1. Rodentia: Squirrels, rabbits (12). 

2. Domestic animals (28). 

3. Wild animals (38). 

4. Apes and monkeys (8). 

5. Man (1, with 35 sub-entries). 

The section on scaleless animals is a 
convenient pocket into which are poured 
all the "in-between" animals: jellyfish, 
lampreys, dogfish, sharks, and rays. The 
bats and flying squirrels are placed with 
the aves group, but a sea mammal (dol- 
phin?) is properly placed with the beasts. 

Each animal mentioned has many sub- 
entries. Every part of the animal which 
has medicinal value is listed: heart, pan- 
creas, liver, brain, bone, hoof, milk, 
blood, urine, excreta, hair, etc. 

If the classification appears arbitrary 
it should be remembered that the system 
was devised merely to catalog the book. 
Even so, the author came very close to 
a naturalistic classification. In the in- 
troduction he pointed out that from the 
"elements'' (water, fire, and earth), all 
things arise; first the metal and ores, 
then the living things in this order: grass, 
grains, vegetables, fruits, trees, artifacts, 
ch'ung (worms.bugs, and insects), scaly 
animals, shelled animals, feathered birds, 
furry beasts, apes, and man (from sav- 
ages to civilized men) . 

Thus Li Shih-Chen gave a more de- 
tailed conception of evolution than does 
Chuang Tzu who preceeded him by el- 
e»en hundred years. What surprises 



many is that he interposed artifacts (ap- 
parels and utensils) between the plants 
and animals. Physicians of the time were 
aware of them as having a virus more 
powerful than plants. They were on the 
threshold of arriving at the germ theory: 
the use of boiled water and the boiling 
of left over food to keep were universal, 
and they attributed the decaying of teeth 
to microscopic "worms". The Materia 
Medica listed sick men's clothes as cap- 
able of producing physiological effects 
(See "The inocculation against small pox 
with infected garments" and "Chinese 
Discoveries in Medicine", soon to appear 
n these columns). 

It is interesting to note here that the 
Chinese language is ideally suited for the 
binominal system of nomenclature. Each 
word generally has two halves, an ideo- 
graphic classifier which gives a character- 
istic of the class to which the object be- 
longs, and a phonetic component which 
gives the sound or a specific characteristic 
of the object named or both. This is 
most clearly seen in the names of plants. 
A novice knows instantly whether a given 
plant belongs to the grass, grain, wheat, 
bamboo, or tree class by merely examin- 
ing the ideographic constituent. 

References: "Pen T'sao Kang Mu", 
Ch'ing Dynasty and Commercial Press 
editions. The "Pen T'sao Kiu Tsin", 
"Pen T'sao Pei Yu", "Tang Ya Pen 
T'sao", etc. 



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Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



February, 1937 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA 



LIM P. LEE 



OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE 

AMERICAN BORN CHINI/SE 

IN CHINA 

(An interview with Dr. Charles R. Shep- 
herd, superintendent of Chung Mei Home 
for boys. El Cerrito, California.) 

After an absence of 20 years, 
where he once was on the faculty 
of Pui Ching Academy in Canton, 
Dr. Shepherd recently made a spe- 
cial trip to China to acquaint him- 
self with present conditions there. 
He studied the adjustments many 
American-born Chinese have made 
there and inquired into the oppor- 
tunities for those intending to re- 
turn to their homeland. Less than 
a month ago Dr. Shepherd returned 
here and the following interview, 
packed with pertinent facts gather- 
ed at first-hand, should be of con- 
siderable interest to thousands of 
CHINESE DIGEST readers. Exi- 
gency of space has made it necessary 
to limit the interview to essentials. 
Who are some of the American- 
born who have made good in China, 
was the first question asked of Dr. 
Shepherd. 

"My list is not all-inclusive, but 
they include the following: Dr. 
John Y. Lee, owner and manager 
of the China Scientific Instruments 
Co., Ltd., of Shanghai; his brother, 
Joses. who holds an important po- 
sition with the government railways; 
his sister, and Sarah, who teaches 
in a government school in Canton. 
Then there is Bill Poy, of Portland, 
who, about to finish his first term 
with the Hackett Memorial Medical 
College in Canton, was offered and 
has accented the concurrent posts 
of Chief Surgeon of the Govern- 
ment Military Hospital and Chief 
Anatomist at the new Sun Yat-sen 
Memorial Medical College, both in 
Canton. Lai Sun, brother of Mrs. 
George Fong of Berkeley, Californ- 
ia, holds a good position with the 
Texaco Co. in Hongkong; James 
Wong, brother of Anna May Wong, 
is Professor of Foreign Trade at 
the Shanghai University School of 
Commerce; Norman T. Soong helps 
edit the Nanking edition of the Chi- 
na Press (Shanghai) ; while Charles 
K. Wang is a professor at both the 
Catholic (Fu-jen) University and 
the Central University at Peiping. 
Sarah Lee, daugher of the Rev. Lee 



S. Hong of Oakland, California, 
teaches in Canton; while two Wong 
boys from Chicago whose initials 
I have forgotten, are in the bank- 
ing business in Hongkong. Agnes 
Mark, a Canadian born girl, holds 
an important secretarial position in 
the Shanghai Hospital, and James 
W. Young is employed in the larg- 
est architectural firm in Shanghai. 
There are many others, including 
a number of Canadian born Chi- 
nese, but I have mentioned just 
those who come to my mind at pre- 
sent." 

How should the American born 
prepare themselves for careers in 
China, was the next question asked 
Dr. Shepherd. 

"Except in the rarest instances, 
they should not be encouraged to 
make preparation along academic 
lines with a view to teaching or kin- 
dred professions. It was interesting 
to find that leaders of the nation 
expressed the thought that the coun- 
try was already overburdened with 
political scientists and theorists. If, 
however, there should be rare in- 
stances where an American born 
feels convinced that his future lies 
in such fields, the sooner he comes 
back to China the better. He 
should come back in time to do the 
latter part of his high school work 
in China." 

"In medicine, pharmacy, surgery 
and engineering of every type," Dr. 
Shenherd continued, " the Ameri- 
can born Chinese should secure the 
best that American universities are 
able to give before going to China. 
He will have to work hard after he 
returns to make up for his deficien- 
cies in the language and culture. 

"There was one thing that was 
stressed over and over again, from 
the most prominent national leaders 
to the most humble American born 
who is trying to get a start in China, 
and it is this: he or she, whether 
expecting to go to China to serve 
his country or to get gain, if the 
individual is to take his place readi- 
ly in the scheme of things, and to be 
successful and happy, he or she 
must, during the davs of youth here 
in America, give diligence to the 
study of the language, history and 
culture of China. I cannot tell you 
how many times I have heard, from 
the lips of American born Chinese 



now in China, the lament that they 
had not given themselves more seri- 
ous thoughts to these things while 
in America." 

A final question was asked of Dr. 
Shepherd: "From your own convic- 
tion, do you think it is better that 
the American born remain here or 
do you think they should go back 
to China?" 

"That depends upon a number of 
things. If the economic opportuni- 
ties in America were not so limited 
I should be less disposed to urge 
them to return to China, for oppor- 
tunities are also limited there. If, 
however, the American born Chi- 
nese fails to find an adequate field 
for self expression and achievement 
in this country, or if many Ameri- 
can born come to feel a deep sense 
of responsibility to their own na- 
tion, and desire to make a contribu- 
tion toward the welfare of their fel- 
low countrymen, then by all means 
go back to China. But there are 
certain fundamental requirements 
which must be met, and certain fatal 
errors which must be avoided. As 
to requirements, in addition to the 
study of the language and culture, 
there must be a willingness to make 
sacrifices, to endure hardship and 
to work assiduously. One national 
leader has expressed it .this way: 
Send us men, not so-called white- 
collar men, but men who are experts 
in their line, men who are not above 
putting on overalls and soiling their 
hands; men who are willing to go in- 
to the interior to work and merge 
themselves in the lives of the people, 
and to forget if necessary that there 
are such things as movies, cabarets 
and mah jong parties." The error 
that must be steadfastly guarded a- 
gainst is the felling among manv 
American born that they are a bit 
better than the native born, and that 
their college degrees are an open 
sesame to easy jobs and comfortable 
salaries. Such an attitude upon 
their part is in a measure responsi- 
ble for their inability to find hos- 
pitality and to adjust themselves in 
China. The American born Chinese 
should rather feel that his superior 
education and advantages place up- 
on him a greater responsibility tor 
service to his fellow countrym 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA 



Ng* 7 



SURVEY OF EARY CHINESE- 
AMERICAN RELATIONS 
By Alice P. Fong 

(Concluded from last issue) 

The following day a large company of 
Chinese residents took part in the funeral 
procession and made a notable contri- 

I bution to the affair, following which a 
learned document setting forth the grati- 

1 tude and appreciation of the Chinese for 
American friendship, and protection in 
their pursuit of life and happiness on 
.American soil, and expressing bereave- 

| ment for the loss of its President, was 
presented to Mayor Geary. This event 
marked henceforth considerable interest 

1 in public affairs taken by the Chinese 
community. Hence, on October 29, 1850 
when the "Oregon" brought the exciting 
news of California's admission to the 
Union (Annals of San Francisco- pp 
293-295). a great procession and appro- 
priate celebration in honor of the occa- 
sion was held in which the Chinese 
formed another striking feature. 

As a general effect of the gold dis- 
coveries, San Francisco saw constant ar- 
rivals of more Chinese, Americans, Euro- 
peans, and other nationalities. Many 
turned to mining pursuits, and those who 
remained, settled in San Francisco. This 
admixture of races gave San Francisco 
a pleasant aspect, a certain levity of 
cheerfulness, nd in general a law-abid- 
ing and useful group of citizens. 

By nature, inaggressive, Chinese early 
took to a quiet, peaceful work which was 
not welcomed by the whites. They wash- 
ed, cooked, tilled the soil, planted veget- 
ables and flowers, filled the swamps with 
sand, and worked with brick and granite. 
The merchants transacted business in a 
polite, shrewd, and businesslike manner. 
Many of them were learned, rich, gener- 
ousd and respectable men who spoke good 
English. They lived in dwellings many 
frames of which were brought directly 
from China. Colorful Chinese touches 
and lanterns made them distinctly and 
characteristically Chinese. A rapid dis- 
appearnce of this distinction, however, 
is now evincing much protest from those 
who wish to preserve Chinatown as a 
colorful and attractive spot for modern 
San Francisco. 

By 1852, the Chinese community be- 
came sufficiently large to support two 
dramatic companies (Annals of San 
Francisco —pp 378-387). They were 
fond of amusement, ceremonies and mu- 
sic. Many national festivals and holi- 



days were observed with ftasting and 
burning of firecrackers. Twice a year 
elaborate processions were made to the 
cemetery to pay honor to their dead. 

In social organization, the Chinese 
transplanted their simple democratic pa- 
triarchal control in social relations to 
Amerrica. The only difference, how- 
ever, is in the multiplicity of authority 
as the immigrant residents were drawn 
from several dstricts in Canton, the most 
southern seacoast province which wat 
opened to foreign intercourse from the 
beginning. Each district represented by 
the settlers had a council of elders which 
attended to all matters pertaining to the 
well-being of the immigrant from the 
home district. These societies, for lack 
of proper interpretation of terms were 
called companies. When interests inter- 
lapped among the various district mem- 
bers, a super council composed of re- 
presentatives from the six societies, a 
mutual league council, to excercise su- 
preme control, was organized. 

Elaborate extension of this district pa- 
triarchal control covered all territories 
throughout the United States where Chi- 
nese residents appeared. For a closer 
unity of purpose and mutual protection 
and enlightenment of the Chinese in 
America, the first newspaper "The Gold 
Hill News" came out in April 29, 1854. 
The same year saw the actual bridging 
of the Pacific between the United States 
and Asia by the establishment of mail 
steamers to Shanghai and the opening 
of Japan to American trade by Perry. 

The Chinese immigrants considered 
heathens by their white brothers were 
exteremely religious in that their expres- 
sions was manifested in proper treatment 
of their fellowmen and in divine venera- 
tion of their ancestors and great sages 
of the past. The many temples dedicate- 
ed to their various great heroes canonized 
in China's glorious past were symbolic 
of their great reverence for the brave, 
the wise, and the good, ever reminding 
the Chinese wherever they are, that wise 
words and noble deeds can never die. 

Even in the early uncultured mining 
days, the San Francisco Chinese exhibit- 
ed rare tapestries, gilted carvings, ebony 
furniture inlaid with mother of pearl, 
beautiful embroidered wall hangings, e- 
laborately carved figures, urns, and hand- 
some brass bells and gongs in their many 
temples called Joss Houses, Joss being 
a corruption of the Portuguese word deos 
meaning God. 

By 1892, in spite of continued mal- 
treatment of the Chinese immigrant, phy- 



sically, verbally, and legally, in the hands 
of the ignorant and unliberal men in 
power, whether in the mines, in the towns 
or cities where the Chinese congregated, 
there were enough thinking citizens in 
California who were cognizant of the 
legends, traditions, and contributions of 
the Chinese as one of its early peoples. 

To judge the whole so-called Chinese 
Question in a sane and unbiased fashion, 
all sides must be viewed. The side chieflly 
emphasized by most writers, other than 
the one presented here, is clearly justifi- 
able in the light of the type of hysteria, 
greed, fear and short-sighted view of life 
prevailing in that hard period of Cali- 
fornia's birth. In view of this fact, more- 
over, it is true that the Chinese, being 
human, were also not immune from their 
proper share of human vice and degrada- 
tion. The female population never be- 
ing preponderant in any pioneer group 
an dwhatever ones appeared being of 
the dissolute species, the Chinese females, 
therefore, were no exceptions to this rule. 
For respite from hard work, Chinese mu- 
sicians, prostitutes, and gambling gave 
them their principal recreation and pas- 
time, and consequently, as sufficiently 
publicized, their undue disrespectability. 

All in all, the Chinese contribution to 
the founding, the development, and 
growth of the western empire, whether 
in their quiet, unobtrusive cultural pat- 
tern, or in their man power, making it 
possiblefor the huge changes wrought by 
structural improvement and railroad im- 
petus, it cannot be said to be of no sig- 
nificance, which to this day is still ar- 
ticulate. No convention to San Francis- 
co today is replete without a visit and 
celebration in artistic Chinatown is no 
empty exaggeration, as the Californians, 
Inc., well knows. An old Chinese philo- 
sopher once said," Knowledge without 
wisdom is dangerous". In human rela- 
tions especially, its true import and sig- 
nificance cannot be over-estimated. Wis- 
dom and knowledge make for the under- 
standing and reciprocity. As a matter 
of fact, how different histories of na- 
tions would be if only educational com- 
missions and cultural ideas were also 
interchanged as peoples contact one an- 
other for the interchange of commodities! 



The CHINESE DIGEST gives the current 
history of your generation in your own China- 
town. Keep it filed for future references. 

Spread the word! Mention us to our 
advertisers! He'll feel pleased — and we too! 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



February, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



NAMES OF THE MONTH 

Honolulu, T. H. — Professor Shao 
Chang Lee, professor of Oriental studies 
at the University of Hawaii, has been 
elected a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Institute of Pacific Rela- 
tion, it has been announced. 

Prof. Lee is a Tsing Hua graduate, 
with degrees also from Yale and Col- 
umbia Universities. From 1918 to 1922 
he served as executive secretarry for the 
Chinese Y. M. C. A. in San Francisco, 
resigning to accept a teaching position 
with the University of Hawaii, where he 
has been since. 



of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, 
also a division of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, in Honolulu. Chang is 
a younger brother of Dr. D. K. Chang 
of San Francisco. 



Honolulu, T. H. — When the national 
conference on venerearal disease control 
was held in Washington D. C. from 
December 28-30, a young Chinese re- 
presented the Honolulu Territorial Board 
of Health. He was Dr. Richard K. E. 
Lee, deputy health officer of Honolulu, 
now attending Yale University. 



New York, N. Y. — Establishing a 
precedent, a Chinese woman church and 
social worker in Chinatown here recently 
donated $200 to set up the Edwin R. S. 
Seligman Prize Fund in the Department 
of Economics at Columbia University. 

The woman was Dr. Mabel Peng-hua 
Lee, only Chinese girl to obtain a Ph. D. 
in Economics at Columbia. She also 
wrote one of the few outstanding theses 
ever penned by Chinese students in Am- 
erica. It was entitled The -Economic 
History of China and was published in 
1921 by the China Trade Bureau. 

While in Columbia Dr. Lee studied 
under Prof. Seligman.. After her gradu- 
ation she spent several years in teaching 
in Canton, but later returned to New 
York to work among the Chinese there. 



New York, N. Y — Because "of his 
more than friendly interest in advancing 
the specialty of anesthesia and in recog- 
nition of his splendid research work in 
surgery and anesthesia, as well as his 
most resultful good offices in helping to 
retore medical anesthesia to the New 
York College of Medicine and Bellevue 
Hospital," Dr. Frank Co Tui was elected 
honorary president of the International 
Anesthesia Research Society at the 15th 
Annual Congress of Anesthetists held re- 
cently in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dr. Co Tui was also chosen as the 
presiding officer for the 1937 Congress. 
The Congress is composed of the Asso- 
ciated Anesthetists of the United States 
and Canada, the International Anesthe- 
sia Research Society, The Eastern Society 
of Anesthetists, the Mid- Western Associ- 
ation of Anesthetists, and the Southern 
Association of Anesthetists. 

The first Chinese to be thus honored, 
Dr. Co Tui is Associate Professor of Sur- 
gery at New York University College 
of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital. 



Chinese Learn "Sit-Down'' 
Strike Strategy 

Calgary, Alta. — This city witnessed its 
first "sit-down" protest one day last 
month when a score of Chinese squatted 
in the middle of the car tracks on Eighth 
Avenue, the main thoroughfare. They 
held up tram and motor traffic and at- 
tracted a throng of shoppers intrigued 
by this unusual spectacle. 

The Chinese were homeless indigents 
on relief, receiving $1.12 a week from 
the Alberta Relief Commission. The "sit- 
down" protest was made presumably to 
ask for more relief. However, police 
soon removed the demonstrators, making 
no arrests. 



San Francisco, Calif. — Mrs. Lily K. 
Jean is the only Chinese employed as a 
social service worker under the Social 
Security program in this city. She was 
formerly employed for several years as 
Chinese case worker on the county re- 
lief administration, and has intimate 
knowledge of the social needs among the 



Chinese here. 

Mrs. Jean is the wife of Wong Jean, 
prominent in the Cathay Post, American 
Legion affairs. She is active in the Ca- 
thay Post Women's Auxiliary. 

Honolulu, T. H— Theodore C. H. 
Char, chief field auditor in the Territorial 
Auditing Department here, a position he 
has held since December, 1934, resigned 
recently to enter private practice. Prior 
to his appointment as chief field auditor. 
Char had served 2 years as first deputy 
city and county auditor. 



OPENING SPECIAL 



I (Jan. 29 to Feb. 28, 1937) 

1 

go 

1 MEN'S overcoats, suits 

1 LADIE'S coats, dresses 

H (Thoroughly cleaned and pressed! 

1 CHILDREN'S suits, coats, 

I overcoats, dresses 

ft (Thoroughly cleaned and pressed 



49c '-p 



30 cup 



Honolulu, T. H. — D. Y Chang, assis- 
tant clerk in the Hawaii Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station of the U S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture here, was recently 
transferred to a clerkship in the office 
of the entomologist in charge, Bureau 



i? 



HATS cleaned and blocked 39 c 

LAUNDRY SERVICE — We call and deliver FREE 

KWONC KWONC CLEANERS 

664 Jackson Street Telephone CHina 2366 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICE ST 



Page 9 



CHINATOWNIA 



Chinese 3rd Highest Salar- 
ied Man In Bay Area 

San Francisco, Calif. — Joe Shoong of 
Oakland, president iof the National Dol- 
lar Stores, Ltd., was one of the three "big" 
men in the bay district whose salaries 
exceeded #100,000 in 1935. This was 
made known when the U. S. Treasury 
Department made a report of the salaries 
of the nation's big business men and wo- 
men for 1935 to Congress recently. This 
report, released by the House Ways and 
Means Committee, contained entries of 
more than 15,000 names. 

Joe Shoong's salary was given as 
#126,807. This was exceeded only by 
that given for John Francis Neylan, local 
attorney, and K. R. Kingsbury, president, 
Standard Oil of California, who earned 
#157,520 and #150,000, respectively. 

Joe Shoong operates close to 2 scores 
of chain dry goods stores throughout the 
Pacific Coast, employing hundreds of 
Chinese and American workers, in ad- 
dition to many garment factories. 

At present the head of National Dollar 
Stores is visiting China with his family. 
While traveling through the districts near 
his own ancestral village in Chungshan 
District, Kwangtung province, recently, 
he noted appaling poverty and human 
misery among his people as a result of 
several years of depression and poor 
crops. To the elder of his district he 
gave #2,000 and instructed that the mon- 
ey be spent for food relief. Those who 
applied for it numbered 2,200, including 
300 from distant villages. 



Stockton Calif. — An indication that 
prosperity is greeting this city's China- 
town again is evidenced by the opening 
of two new restaurants in the community 
recently. Choy Norn, of Rio Vista, has 
opened the Roosevelt Cafe, while Wong 
Foon and Jones Lowe has opened the 
Gum Inn. 



| SUN WAH KUE | 

% CHOP SUEY and NOODLES % 

Best coffee and pastry ^ 
i* in Chinatown ^ 

% 848 Washington St. Phone CHina 1137 ^ 
j San Francisco, California % 



Local Girl Enters Convent 

San Francisco, Calif. — Professing her 
desire to become a missionary nun, a 
young San Francisco born Chinese girl 
left her native city last month to enter 
the Maryknoll Convent at Ossining, N.Y. 

She was Miss Edna Jung, who was 
converted to the Catholic faith only 2 
years ago, receiving her Baptism at the 
Chineese Catholic Mission, 902 Stockton 
St. She is the first Chinese girl from 
Chinatown to enter this vocation, accord- 
ing to Rev. George Johnson, C. S. P., 
director of the Mission. 

Maryknoll is the familiar title of the 
Catholic Foreign Mission Society in Am- 
erica. It has hundreds of priests and 
sisters working in several missions in 
South China and other parts of the Far 
East. It is expected that Miss Jung, after 
her profession, will be sent to China to 
work among her own people in Canton. 
• • 

San Francisco's only Chinese Tennis 
Club is giving its second annual Chinese 
New Year's Eve dance Wednesday eve- 
ning, February 10, at the N. S. G. S. 
Hall, 1044 Stockton St., according to 
Dr. Theodore C. Lee, club chairman. 

• • 

"GOOD EARTH" O. K'd BY CHINA 

The Chinese government has given its 
stamp of official approval to the filmiza- 
tion of "The Good Earth," Pearl S. 
Buck's world famous story of the life 
of a Chinese farmer, according to Con- 
sul-General C C. Huang, of San Fran- 
cisco. The picture, which took several 
years to complete, will have its world 
premiere in Los Angeles on January 29. 

Many of the Chinese feature players 
in "The Good Earth" are San Francis- 



Chinese In Two Cities 
Win Parade Prizes 

Fresno, Calif. — This city held the fif- 
tieth anniversary of its founding recently 
with a county wide celebration, at the 
same time holding dedication ceremony 
ftor its new million-dollar auditorium. A 
night parade was held in which the Fres- 
no Chinese Association participated with 
a Chinese float, with Nellie Lee as queen 
and 4 other girls as attendants. This 
entry was later adjudged the best float 
in the parade and the first prize of a 
trophy was awarded to the Chinese. 



El Paso, Texas — The Second Annual 
Sun Carnival was held here recently, with 
scores of floats entered, including one 
entered by the Chinese colony in that 
city . The occasion was made important 
by the attendance of the Governor of 
Texas, James V. Allred, who acted as 
Grand Marshal. The Chinese float won 
second prize in the carnival. 

• • 

WILL PAY 25 cents for the first five 
copies of unfolded Chinese Digest in good 
condition, of the following issues: 
Vol. 2, No. 28 (July 10, 1936) 
Vol. 2, No. 29 (July 7, 1936) 
Box 20, Chinese Digest, 868 Washington 
St., San Francisco. — Ad. 

• • 

cans, including William Law, Mary 
Wong and C. W. Lee. All these players 
will attend the world premiere, it is 
learned. 



WE THANK YOU 

We sincerely appreciate your patronage and good will. 

Roos Bros, is now better equipped than ever to serve 

your apparel needs. 

With sincere wishes that you may enjoy a 

"real Chinese New Year" 



Henry Shue Tom 
Dorothy Wing 



Horace Fong 

(Oakland) 



with 



Roo^Bco* 

Market at Stockton 



Page 10 



CHINESE DIGEST 



February, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



"Ah Louis" Passes on at 
Age of 97 

San Luis Obispo, Calif. — Ah Louis, 
one of the oldest citizens of this century 
old California town, and patriarch of 
the 139th generation of his clan, has 
passed on. He was within three years 
of the century mark and had lived for 
more than 3 score years in San Luis 
Obispo and played a major part in the 
building of this city. 

Ah Louis belonged to the generation 
who, amidst hardships known only to 
pioneers, helped built the state of Cali- 
fornia. Born Wong On, in a little vill- 
age in Kwangtung province, Ah Louis 
came to this country as a youth of 21 
and, except for a short trip back to his 
ancestral hearth in 1934, had lived here 
ever since. The nickname of Ah Louis 
was given him by an American store 
owner when he was gold mining in the 
1860's in Oregon, a name which he there- 
after bore until his death. 

From gold mining Ah Louis turned 
to cooking. But his career really began 
when he became contractor for supply- 
ing Chinese laborers to work on rail- 
roads then being built in the state. He 
settled in San Luis Obispo and built a 
house as lodging place for his country- 
men laborers. This house, on Palm 
Street, still remains and is a landmark 
in the city. 

Ah Louis played an important role 
in the agricultural development of San 
Luis Obispo. His men built the old 
Cuesta grade and constructed roads in 
the Cambria-Paso Robles district. He 
operated ranches at Oceano, Oso Flaco, 
Edna, Santa Fe, Chorro and the Anholm 
tract; raised prize cattle and developed 
seedraising of vegetables and flowers. 
Descendants of generations of farmers, 
Ah Louis had an instinctive love of the 
soil and the earth of the new world 
possessed few secrets for him. 

One of the last of the old California 
Chinese, Ah Louis will live in the mem- 
ories of later pioneers. He is survived 
by 5 sons, 3 daughters and 3 grand- 
children. 

(For a short account of Ah Louis' life, 
see "Ah Louis," by William Hoy, in 
the Chinese Digest, April 3, 1936.) 



Wong Lee, Justice of 
the Peace 

Boston, Mass. — Wong Lee is just an 
average middle-age Chinese laundryman, 
doing an average business in the little 
town of Melrose. Like thousands of his 
dountrymen all over the U. S., he is a 
patient, industrious, frugal, honest and 
peaceful creature, and he treated his 
customers like old friends. 

But Wong Lee is not an obscure little 
laundryman, but well known and well 
liked by the old and young of his com- 
munity, which was his own little world, 
for he has been there for many summers. 
He was a popular man. 

It was not surprising, therefore, that 
his community decided upon him to be 
its Democratic delegate to the Democratic 
National Convention last year. Being a 
citizen by birth, Wong Lee had learned 
the American habit of quick action. He 
did not consult the stars or the book of 
good and bad omens — he didn't know 
these things, anyway — but accepted his 
appointment. He made some personal 
deliveries of newly laundered shirts, clos- 
ed up his laundry for the time, and 
journeyed to Philadelphia, his suitcase in 
his hand, and in his heart the responsi- 
blity of an important obligation to dis- 
charge. 

Leong Gor Yun, in his book, "China- 
town Inside Out," stated that anything 
is leable to happen to any Chinese in 
these United States, and cited Wong Lee, 
Democratic delegate, as an unusual ex- 
ample. A Chinese laundryman becomes 
the first of his race to represent an 
American community to a big political 
caucus! What was more, Wong Lee was 
fortunate in picking his party affiliation, 
for in 1936 the thousands of Chinese 
voters in the country had suddenly gone 
Republican, just as suddenly as they had 
gone Democratic in 1932. 

Wong Lee conducted himself with the 
utmost decorum becoming one who had 
official duty to perform. He mixed with 
his fellow representatives from all over 
the land but did not participate with 
them in the imbibing of intoxicants, 
which everybody seemed to be doing. 
After a time he discharged his duty and 
returned home as quietly as he had come. 



For Wong Lee was first and last a laun- 
dryman and he was worried lest in his 
absence many of his friends should be 
lacking in clean shirts and underwears. 

And recently, as he toiled slowly once 
more in his laundry, news came to Wong 
Lee that he had been given a political 
plum for his work of many moons ago. 
He was made local Justice of the Peace 
by appointment of Governor James M. 
Curley. 

Thus Wong Lee again made history a- 
mong- his race in this country for being 
the first Chinese to receive such an ap- 
pointment. 

• • 

BANNER YEAR ENJOYED 
BY CATHAYANS 

Chinatown's smartly groomed orches- 
tra, the Cathayans, is facing the new 
year with confidence and there is music 
in the air, as far as the boys are con- 
cerned, says Edward Quon, enterprizing 
business manager of the orchestra. 

Lat year the orchestra made a record 
for itself by keeping their calendar to 
the bursting point with engagements. 
They would have had an even more im- 
pressive record if conflict in dates did 
not keep them from accepting all the 
offers. 

According to Mr. Quon this year holds 
an even more favorable outlook. With 
five engagements on schedule already for 
the first month and a half of the year, 
the quota exceeds that of 1936. He gives 
the patrons for the last year as follows: 

January: Chinese Y. M. C. A. Dance: 
Graduation, Japanese Students; Chitcm 
New Year Dance. 

February: Wah Ying Award Dance. 

March: Chinese "Y" Sport Dance. 

April: Nan Wah Club Dance. 

May: Girls' Reserve Dance; Waku 
Auxiliary Dance; Bakersfield Girls Club. 

June: Mr. Bowen's Wedding; Galileo 
High Dance; Oakland Chinese Center: 
Wobber's Woodside Celebrity. 

July: Boys' Club, Watsonville; Chinese 
"Y" Anniversary; Pre-Dental Conven- 
tion Rally at St. Francis Hotel: National 
Dental Convention Day in Chinatown 

August: 965 Club Dance. 

September: Cathay Dance of Dances; 
Chitena Dance; Chinese Sportsmen Club. 

October: Dr. D. K. Chang's Reception; 
Commerce High School; Mission High 
School. 

November: Lowell High School; S. F. 
Junior College; U. C School of Pharma- 
cy; "Y" Barn Dance; Girls' High School. 

December: Galileo High School: Fran- 
cisco Junior High. 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 11 



CHINATOWNIA 



Over 600 Theses and Dis- 
sertations by Chinese Stu- 
dents in U. S. in 5 Years 

New York, N. Y. — During the acad- 
emic years 1931-1936 there were 619 
theses and dissertations written by Chi- 
nese students in the colleges and univer- 
sities in America, according to a recent 
bibliography published by the China In- 
stitute in America, New York City. This 
bibliography is the fourth of a series en- 
titled Theses and Dissertations by Master 
Students in America. 

Of the 619 papers 396 are masters' 
theses and 223 are doctoral dissertations, 
the bibliography showed. They are clas- 
sified into 4 main divisions: 3 3 are these 
and dissertations in the humanities; 3 30 
are in the social sciences; 51 are in the 
bological sciences, and 175 are in the 
physical sciences. 



Lily-Foot to Ledgers 

By Florence W. McGehee 

(In the Woodland Daily Democrat recently) 
We dined with Dolly Gee recently. 
What? Well, maybe you DON'T know 
her but we should say — oh, definitely — 
that that is your hard luck, particularly 
if you like to collect interesting people. 
Miss Gee is Chinese and manager of 
the Chinatown branch, Bank of America, 
in San Francisco. She has held this po- 
sition since the days when it was called 
"the old French Bank" and if you think 
he does not know her stuff, excuse our 
smirk. The gal is something of a fem- 

Between 1902 and 1931 Chinese stu- 
dents of higher learning in America wrote 
a total of 1,162 theses and dissertations, 
according to the information of the Chi- 
na Institute. 



inist and has about her only women as 
helpers — all 'of her own nationality, of 
course, and she is to them "the little 
corporal." Nope; she's not a gray-haired 
harridan. She's a young thing in her 
early thirties, ultra-smart in manner and 
the details of dress and knowingness. If 
Asia should ever produce a Faith Bald- 
win, Dolly would get on page one as 
the spirit of the feminine in business. 
"... And, excuse our glove, but we 
think Dolly Gee should be put down a- 
long with the Cliff House, the Coit Mem- 
orial, the Palace of the Legion of Hon- 
or and the view from Twin Peaks on 
those gay "See San Francisco" pamphlets. 
• • 

Fresno, Calif. — The Lok Kwan girls' 
club will give a benefit Chinese language 
play on Chinese New Year's Eve, Feb. 
11, the proceeds to be turned over to the 
community Chinese school. 



It's Not Too Late to Save at 

FLORSHEIM SHOPS 




FLORSHEIM SHOES! 




7— 

^m SOME 
^* STYLES 



$ 8 



65 



This sale can't last for- 
ever . . . but while it 
does last every size and 
every style's included. 
Nothing held back . . . 
no special sale mer- 
chandise thrown in. 

756 MARKET ST. 
NEAR GRANT 



680 MARKET ST. 
NEAR KEARNY 



120 POWELL ST. 
NEAROFARRELL 



Page 12 



CHINESE DICE ST 



February, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



ROAMING 'ROUND 

WITH R. R. 

S. F. experienced its coldest January 
on record . . . and into this polar wea- 
ther came Mr. and Mrs. Edward Chan 
(Irene Wong), newly weds of Vancou- 
ver, to spend their honeymoon . . . and 
exclaimed: "It's so nice and warm here" 
. . . Members of the S. F. Chinese Tennis 
Club (Chitena) are getting all pepped 
up for their annual Chinese New Year's 
Eve Dance . . . and dance chairman and 
chief pepper-upper is H. K. Wong . . . 
Lily Sui of Suisin will leave for China 
upon settlement of the maritime strike 
. . The Hanford C. S. C. wll play the 
Bakersfield Cathayans basketball team on 
Feb. 5th at Hanford. Ernest Wing and 
Henry Leong are in charge of the dance 
that follows . . . Selected on the basis 
of leadership, scholarship and charac- 
ter, Hong Kwun Wong, U. of Hawaii 
senior was the only Chinese among 4 
girls to be recently elected to the Hui 
Pookelas, women's honorary society . . . 
Kam See Pang of Honolulu toots the 
trombone in the U. of Wisconsin band 
. . . Lillian Yuen is in charge of all girls' 
recreational activities at the Chinese Ca- 
tholic Center . . . CONGRAT-ORCHIDS 
to Hattie Chun of Sacramento and Ed- 
ward Owyang of Locke, Helen Yee and 
David Low of Monterey, George Young 
and Maye Chung of Salinas, Ruth Fong 
of Sacramento and Vincent Chinn of 
San Francisco. Also to Lani Park of Sac- 
ramento . . . These lucky young people 
have announced their intentions to wed 
in the very near future. Lots of luck! 
... A word about our capable Sacramen- 
to correspondent, who is resigning with 
utmost regrets but for the best of reason, 
as shown in this last news item she turn- 
ed in: "The Cheng Sen Club gave a 
shower at the home of Mrs. Anna Loo 
Jan recently for Miss Ruth Fong, who 
will be the bride of Mr. Vincent Chinn 
soon." — A quiet wedding was held in Sac- 
ramento on January 22 — . . . With Paul 
Yuke in charge, the Chinese Student 
Ass'n and the 20-30 Club of Sacramento 
each gave a very successful skating party 
. . . Kong Fong, Francis Jong, Edmund 
Yee and Stanley Jong, graduating sen- 
iors of the Sacramento Hi, were recently 
honored by the Chinese Student Club 
with a party . . . David Wing returned 
to Cal after a brief vacation . . . John 
Kan of Fong Fong Bakery went to Cal 
Aggie at Davis for a week's advanced 
study of ice cream manufacturing . . . 
Lina Jang spent her holidays with the 
family at Courtland . . . Georgi Hee of 



Fowler is a recent visitor to Bakersfield 
. . . where Mabel Mew is still at the $ 
store there . . . Most of you have viewed 
Shirley Temple's latest "wah" entitled 
"Stowaway" . . . many have written in 
for the name of the Chinese tap dancer 
seen in the amateur contest scene . . . the 
beauty is 17 year old Dora Young, sister 
of L. A.'s popular Frank Young's dance 
orchestra . . . She sings in the orchestra, 
too . . . The capable master of ceremony 
in the same scene was Honorable Wu, 
while the would-be Bing Crosby was Sam- 
my Tong. Don't be fooled by the picture, 
tho, Sammy has a pleasing voice and can 
really warble . . . Allen Chan, on the 
L. A. Chinese football team, weighs only 
110, but he made the Class C Division 
all-star guard in L. A. while in Hi school 
... A midget Cotton Warburton . . . 
Dave Louie, Roland Got and Paul King 
of L A. tobogganed up Mt. Baldy the 
other week, hiking 5 miles up and back. 
Such gluttons for punishment! . . . Nui 
Bo Tang, of Phoenix, Arizona, was seen 
in L. A. recently . . . Kim Hong Soong, 
secretary of the Chinese Six Companies 
of Stockton, was so alarmed at the re- 
cent kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek that 
he made a phone call to CHINA for the 
latest report . . . Tho little Eslun Chin 
of Stockton has taken dancing lessons 
for only 2 months, she is quite a tap 
dancer already . . . Jimmy Chew of San 
Mateo is taking flying lessons at the S. 
F. Airport . . . May and Nellie Sum of 
San Carlos are at the San Mateo J. C., 
where Frances Jung is quite a tennis star 
. . . Clara W. was learning how to drive 
one day. Said she: "This mirror over 
the windshield is no good. I can't seen 
a thing in it but the car behind." My 
goodness, Clara, what did you expect to 
see? . . . Sarra Sam and Mrs. B. Y. Lew 
are directors of the Fay Wah Club's show 
. . . Fresno's Lok Kwan club benefit play 
is directed by Sam Mar with Mrs. Allen 
Mar and Mrs. Emily Chinn as assistants 
. . Mr. and Mrs. James Richard Lee 
(nee Eva Wong), announced the birth 
of a boy Friday, January 15 . . . The 
future architect's name L Melvin — Con- 
grats, Jimmie! 



ON THE CALENDAR 



January 30, Saturday. College Infor- 
mal — S. F. J. C. Chinese at St. Francis 
Hotel. Admission charged. 

February 10, Wednesday. Chinese New 
Year's Eve Dance — S. F. Chinese Ten- 
nis Club at N. S. G. S. Hall. Admission 
charged. 

February 11, Thursday. Benefit Play — 
Lok Kwan girls' club at Chinese Com- 
munity Center, Fresno. Admission chgd. 

February 12, Friday. Benefit Show and 
Dance — Fay Wah Club at Woodman's 
Hall, Fresno. Music by Cathayans. Ad- 
mission charged. 

February 13, Saturday. Dance — Oak- 
land Waku Auxiliary at Trianon Ball- 
room, S. F. Music by Cathayans. Ad- 
mission charged. 

February 14, Sunday. Scout Program 
— National Scout Sunday Service by Boy 
Scout Troops 3-11-34 and 45 of Oak- 
land, at Chinese M. E. Church, Washing- 
ton and Stockton Streets. Public invited. 

February 20, Saturday. Award Dance 
— Wah Ying Club at Native Sons Audi- 
torium, Mason Street. Music by Cathay- 
ans. Admission charged. 
• • 

REDUCED FARE TO FRESNO 
DANCE 

San Francisco, Calif. — The Cathay- 
an Orchestra of this city will furnish the 
music for the coming Fay Wah Club 
dance in Fresno, Edward Quon, orchestra 
manager, has announced. He also re- 
vealed that persons wishing to go to 
Fresno for the affair can do so at a 
special round-trip train fare of #4.30 
provided they go with the orchestra on 
Friday morning, February 11. For fur- 
ther information get in touch with Mr. 
Quon. 

Sincere Wishes 

for a most happy 

CHINESE NEW YEAR 

CHINATOWN KNIGHTS 
ORCHESTRA 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICE ST 



Page 13 



CHINATOWNIA 



Legend of the Sacred Lily 
of China 

The sacred lily is a conspicuous fea- 
ture in the celebration of the Chinese 
New Year, the time of universal peace 
and goodwill in the Flowery Kingdom. 
This beautiful flower prosper only in 
the land of a noble Fukien family, and 
it has been growing there for the last 
five hundred years. 

Now the place where these delicate 
lilies grow is a very stony ground which 
spreads out below the mouth of a deep 
canyon. The bulbs are gathered after 
the September rain, and some are shipped 
to great distances in a plastic mud cas- 
ing. When it is desired to grow the 
flower this casing is broken and the bulbs 
are placed in shallow water. In a few 
weeks they become a mass of beautiful 

snowy white lilies with hearts of gold. 
The Chinese have made it the sacred 
flower of their country because of its 
great beauty, its subtle fragrance, and 
its divine origin, for the flower is regard- 
ed as a gift of the Gods. 

The story is told that five hundred 
years ago Cum T'i Fong and his younger 
brother Cum Ying Fong were saddened 
by the passing of their widowed mother. 
They were to divide the family's planta- 
tion by lots, but in doing so, the older 
boy secured the productive half by trick- 
ery, leaving the younger one with a 
worthless portion. 

Cum Ying was aware of this trickery, 
but forgave his brother and took his loss 
good naturedly. He even hired himself 
out, and from his meager earnings sup- 
ported his family, end even managed to 
help the poor. But soon misfortune over- 
took him, and the family was on the 
verge of starvation. He wandered out 
to his barren land and there found some 
mysterious bulbs which made its appear- 
ance for the first time in the land. These 
he gathered home with the intention of 
cooking them for food. His wife in- 
formed him: "While you were gone, 
some neighbors whom you have once 
helped have brought us some grain." So 
he planted the bulbs to see what kind of 
plants they were. 

A month afterwards the lilies were 
blooming, and the family was awed by 
the great beauty of the blossom. Then 
tots came running in from all directions 
and said, "This is a sacred flower. The 
God is very grateful for your good deeds, 



and has given you everlasting happiness". 
It seemed that an angel made them say 
so. People came from many lis around 
to see the blossoms, and many bought 
some to celebrate the new year. So after 
several years it went all through China, 
and Ying Fong prospered. 

Yng Fong's good conduct was conta- 
gious and soon all the surrounding coun- 
try became like him, and the jails were 
empty all the time. His children and his 
children's children were all prosperous, 
and from this family came high judges 
and wise men. Thus the goodness of 
one man brought him and his descend- 
ants untold happiness. (Digest of a 
story, as told to Helen O'Brien by Elder 
T. Foo Yuen.) 

• • 

CHINESE WELL DRESSED, REPORT 

Conscious of the need of the modern 
Chinese young men, Roos Bros, has or- 
dered a large supply of distinctive suits 
of the latest style which will fit the sturdy 
physique of the Chinese. 

Mr. Henry Tom has made a survey of 
the needs of the progressive Chinese here 
and reported that Chinese taste runs to 
sober color and latest cuts. The Chinese 
young men and business men have re- 
sponded enthusiastically, as shown by the 
heavy sales. ■ — Ad. 




The above sketch is a Chinese artist's 
conception of the theme of the coming 
annual Parila artists' ball to be held in 
San Francisco, in which members of the 
Chinese Art Association will participate. 
The Parila will take as its imaginary 
locale that of "Barbaric Oceania." The 
sketch is by Stella Wong, of Oakland. 



THE CATHAYANS ORCHESTRA 

750 Grant Avenue 

San Francisco, California 

January 25, 1937 
Subject: Greetings and Thanks to our Patrons and Friends. 

Dear Friends: 

The year of 1936 was made memorable and delightful 
because of your esteemed patronage and help, and this has 
inspired us always to present the best in music. 

We regret that previous bookings prevented us from 
serving other distinguished organizations whose need we hope 
we shall be able to fulfil in the future. 

We wish to express our sincerest appreciation for your 
patronage and cooperation and to wish you a very happy 
Chinese New Year. 

Very sincerely yours, 

THE CATHAYANS ORCHESTRA 

By: Edward W. Quon, 
Business-manager 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 

C H I N A T O 



February, 1937 



N I A 



SAGA OF A BOY PHOTOGRAPHER 

By Chingwah Lee 

"Initiative is rare among human be- 
ings — rarer still is forethought. This I 
learnt when I was a member of the Lion's 
Club at the Chinese Y. M. C. A." Mo- 
desty prevents Eddie Jung, just stepping 
out of his teens, from stating that he 
was of the Club and that while 

there he had done a lot in the way of 
boys work. The sagely remark was made 
in answer to a question placed before 
him as to what is the secret of his suc- 
cess in getting a job as a photographer 
for Uncle Sam. 

"A year ago I read of a competitive 
examination to be held for a government 




Mr. Eddie Jung 

photographer, to take shots of govern- 
ment projects in Alaska. I lost no time 
in getting my camera and equipment to- 
gether and checking to see if I had all 
the necessary equipment", he said simply. 

"And then you were all set for the 
examination?", I asked. 

"Far from it. T went over to the Uni- 
versity of • California and made myself 
a pest among the profs. I said I must 
know all about the practical formulas for 
arctic work. I wanted to learn all I could 
about northern lighting conditions, anti- 
freeze mixture, snow filters, etc., got a 
handful of literature ..." 

"And then you memorized all of them, 
no doubt." 

"Not exactly. I digested the whole 
thing and then did a little experiment- 
ing to see which solution was the best. I 
even put plates and chemicals in my mo- 



ther's ice box overnight to test the for- 
mulas. I am sorry to say that my family 
didn't enjoy their breakfast the next day. 
They were sure I mixed developing so- 
lution into their butter and cream." 

"And then you were all set." 

"All set to study the geography and 
people of Alaska. You see, I had to 
leave high school before graduation, be- 
ing the oldest son of a large family. So 
I went to the library to absorb all I could, 
but it was lots of fun anyway." 

It was the day of the examination, and 
our Eddie approached the Federal Build- 
ing not without a little misgiving. He 
was the youngest, the shortest and the 
most out of place photographer among 
a group of over two hundred. All eyes 
were on him, and not a few asked if he 
owned a Brownie or if he wasn't afraid 
the truant officers would find him. A few 
were ndly and even steeled him 

agai ;at too seriously in ad- 

vance, the sneers that help me the 

most. It's just what I needed to remove 
that funny fe?!ing inside my belt. The 
were just as I anticipated. 
T t ens on arctic photogra- 

ph in - i! and questions on arctic 
phc y in particular. There were 

on the flora and fauna of 
Al as ka '■ 

"And did you pass?" I asked excitedly, 
fo- - : he had just returned after 

a year of successful work. 

"It was just plain luck. If the rest 
of the two hundred were equally well pre- 
pared I would not have a chance. By 
the grace of God and my mother's ice 
box I got the appointment." Eddie did 
not mention that he headed the list. 

"What is Alaska like. Is it so cold 
that when you throw a cup of water on 
the ground it becomes icicles before it 
reached the earth?" 

"Not at all. Parts of Alaska is actually 
hot during the summer. Then the fields 



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upon request 

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Chewing Cum 
Wrapping paper 



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are luxuriant with giant-sized flowers, 
huge vegetables, and overgrown mos- 
quitos. 

"But in the winter it is very cold. 
That's when we do quite a bit of hunt- 
ing. But we have to guard against in- 
sufficient clothing and being lost." 

"And the Eskimos, are they cannibals 
— do they chase you up totem poles?" 

"The natives are just like Orientals 
when they are young. As they grow 
older they become quite different, their 
face appear flat and their head is rather 
hideous. As a group they are suspicious 
of the Chinese; we are a little too smart 
to suit them. They consult their Russian 
priests on everything. But a few do learn 
to become very friendly." 

"What is a salmon cannery like?" 

"Each cannery generally has a Chinese 
foreman, about a score of Chinese work- 
ers and twice that many Filipinos. Then 
there is a crew of Eskimos who do all 
the fishing. It is very dangerous work, 
but they prefer that to working indoors. 
Maybe one or two Eskimos will serve as 
machine operators. They are very skil- 
ful, manually. All of them like to gam- 
ble. On holidays the Chinese parade 
with a handmade Buddha lion and about 
a dozen musical instruments fashioned 
from tin cans and driftwood." 

"Now that you are back in San Fran- 
cisco, what are you doing?" 

"I maintain a studio for portrait and 
general photography. That's my busi- 
ness. But as a hobby, I like to experi- 
ment with lighting and the use of various 
niters." 

"Ever try photographing a negro in 
the dark?" I made a parting jibe. 

"No, but I have photographed freaks 
with an ivory filter and got nothing; 
drop into my studio sometime." 




Our home office pur- 
chased a large quan- 
tity of used type- 
writers which en- 
ables us to make 
some very attractive 
offers. Example: Cor- 
ona Portable, $14. We have all makes. 
New portables, also all makes. Guaran- 
teed terms as low as $3. Rentals, 3 
months $5.00. This ad good for $2 credit 
if you buy. 

AMERICAN WRITING 

MACHINE CO. 

Since 1880 
522 Market St. DOuglas 0648 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



SPORTS 



Page 15 



Fred George Woo 




The Chinese Student's tejm of the 
University of Washington, consisting of 
Raymond Wong, T. Sing, Henry Luk-2, 
Bob Wong, Art Louie, Edwin Luke and 
Vincent Goon, scored a double victory 
in Portland, one against the Wah. Kiang 
Club 29-21 and one against the Eagles, 
29 to 14. In both contests the Seattle 
team was spaced by Bob Wong, former 
Portland star. Wong registered 10 
points average in two games. 

Following the Chinese Students the 
Waku Club of Seattle invaded Portland 
with their first and second teams. In 
the preliminary game, the Waku seconds 
bested the Portlanders 21-14, while the 
feature fray was captured by the Wah 
Kiang hoopsters by a 36-27 score. 

PLAYGROUND ELEVEN WINS 

A 30-yard pass from Captain Bo On 
to Ed Louie, who then ran 20 yards to a 
score, enabled the Chinese Playground 
football team to defeat Galles Club's ele- 
ven, on January 10 by a 6-0 score. The 
winning team is coached by Fred Mah 
and the Galles Club by the Leong bro- 
thers. 

Brilliant tackling by Frankie Low, fine 
line work by George Jang and Ming 
Chew, and the Playground's intricate off- 
ense deceiving its heavier opponents were 
the features of the game. For the losers, 
George Nam, Winston Wong and Din- 
gee Leong stood out. 

The Chinese Playground gridders have 
for their next opponents the Scouts and 
a Japanese team. 



In a rerent series of basketball games 
played in Portland, Oregon, the local 
boys and girls teams lost a majority of 
the tilts to their old rivals from Seattle. 

In one of the most exciting games ever 
played on he Y. W. C. A. court, the Girl 
Reserves lost a heartbreaking match to 
their sister team from Seattle 16 to 10. 
Trailing 10 to 4 at the half, the Portland 
team, led by the one-arm shooting of 
Jessie Lee tied the score at the beginning 
of the third quarter only to lose in the 
final three minutes of play when Ruby 
Mar scored three fast baskets to cinch 
the first of the home and home series. 

Member of the Seattle team included: 
Ruby Mar, Delia Eng, Helen Wong, Rose 
Louie, Mary Mar and. Ella Sue. The 
Portland lineup consisted of: Madeline 
and Maxine Chin, Jessie and Nellie Lee, 
Irene Chin, Maxine Chew, Ada Lee, 
Dorothy and Isabelle Lee Hong. 



Election of officers for 1937 was re- 
cently held by the Chinese Sportsmen 
Club of San Francisco. Officers for this 
year are: F. B. Lowe, president; Fred 
Jow, vice-president; Clarence B. Chan, 
secretary; Maurice Choye, treasurer; 
Yummie Lee, sergeant-at-arms; and Dr. 
D. K. Chang, Thomas Moran, Oliver 
Chang and Frank Chan, directors. 



Closing 1 936 with a most 
successful basketball sea- 
son, the Los Angeles Lowa 
Club team shown here have 
every reason to point to- 
wards new laurels with this 
group of veterans. 

They won the title of Southern 
California Oriental Champion last 
)ear. They are, left to right, back 
row: Taft Cheung, manager, George 
Lee .George Tong, Don Quan, Doc 
Wong, and co-manager Tommy Lee. 
Front row: Victor Wong, George 
Wong, Ben Ho, and Frank Don. 

* • 

FAY WAH CLUB 

Fresno's Fay Wah Club basketball 
team, playing in one of the city cage 
leagues, has been enjoying a comfortable 
lead over their opponents. Since the 
beginning of the season, it has lost one 
game out of ten starts. 

Members of the squad are Hiram 
Ching, Toy Wong, George Wong, Ches- 
ter Lew, Irwin Chow, Rex Gee, Floyd 
Sam, James Huie, George Leong and 
Guy Lai. Negotiations are under way 
to bring the Bakersfield Cathayans five 
to play on the night of the dance on 
February 12. 



ALFRED B. 


CHONC 




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dividends if we 


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and gives protection to those 




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behind 


SUtte 


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rage 16 



CHINESE D'.OEST 



February, 1937 



SPORTS 



SPORTSHORTS 

Wah Ying Club's second annual Bay 
Region basketball championships tourna- 
ment swung into the final week of action 
Sunday evening, Jan. 24, at the Burke's 
Gym, 2350 Geary St., with three games 
played. The Chinese "Y" met the 
Shangtai five and Troop Three took on 
Nan Wah in crucial games while Nulite 
and St. Mary's also tangled . . . The Chi- 
nese "Y" unlimiteds quintet was nosed 
out of the Y. M. D. Decathlon cage 
title by the Central branch by a score of 
23-22 at the Japanese Y. M. C. A. court 
Believe it or not, the Willits Town 
Team defeated the Chinese "Y" team 
recently at its home court by the tally 
of 77-73! The fans, jamming the audi- 
torium to its capacity, rooted hard for 
the Chinese, heavy underdogs, and booed 
the referee for turning in a home-town 
decision. Bing Chin led in scoring by 
counting up 27 points, while little Frank 
Wong tanked 25 digits . . The unlimited 
casabamen of the Young Chinese A. C. 
of Oakland divided two recent games 
with San Francisco Chinese fives. At 
the Salvation Army Court, San Fran- 
cisco, the East Bay boys dropped a 39-38 
decision to the Troop Three Scouts, while 
at Oakland, they handed the St. Mary's 
quintet a 39-34 beating ... At the three- 
day bird dog events of the Central Cali- 
fornia Field Trial Association at Fresno, 
the bird committee was headed by a Chi- 
nese, Raymond Wong, of Fresno . . . The 
St. Mary's midget boxers are just about 
the bay region's most popular ring cards. 
David Dong and Joseph Yew, slugging 
and mauling forty-five pounders, have 
been taking part in many exhibitions. 
According to Coach Sammy Lee, another 
promising leather pusher, Paul Oka, a 
welter, has been added to the club roll . . . 
In view of the fact that no official all- 
stars teams will be named by the sponsor 
of the Bay Region Basketball Tourney, 
Wah Ying Club, the Chinese Digest 
sports department will publish two selec- 
tions, a first and a second string, in our 
March issue. Names of the league's 
highest scorers will also be published . . . 
Earl Quong is captain of the unlimited 
basketball team of Placer Union High, 
at Auburn, California . . . Within a few 
short weeks, tennis will be holding sway 
again as king of sports, and baseball and 
Softball enthusiasts will be cleaning their 
gloves and bats for a busy season . . . 
Four Chinese boxers of the St. Mary's 
A. C, coached by Sammy Lee, have been 
entered in the P. A. A. Junior Boxing 



WHAT ABOUT IT? 

We read the January 8 issue of the 
Willits News, a weekly publication, 
contaning ah account of the Willits 
Lions-Chinese Y. M. C. A. basketball 
game. We just about blew up (and 
so would you protest vigoriously, if 
you had read it) when the Chinese 
players were referred to as "Chinks". 

We did not know there could be 
such an ignorant editor in America 
as the man who edits the Willits 
"slander-sheet". For an editor to let 
this get into public print constitutes 
a disgrace to the journalistic profes- 
sion. Moreover, is is an insult to 
the Chinese race. 



Tournament, to be held on Jan. 25, Feb. 
1, Feb. 8, and Feb. 15. They are Paul 
Oka Fred Lowe, Edwin Bing Dong and 
Robert Chin, a weet little 105 -pound bat- 
tler who may surprise the fight fans . . . 
Hearsay that the Chinese football team 
of San Francisco may engage in a Chi- 
nese New Year's battle with some strong 
Japanese aggregation . . . Both Shangtai 
and Nanwah, playing under the China 
Emporium, are entered in the current 
Recreation Basketball League, with the 
latter conceded a good chance to romp 
away with the Class D crown . . . Mon- 
terey's Chinese quintet downed the Salin- 
as Chinese basketeers recently, 34-27. 
Jack Huey and Tommy Gee scored nine 
points each for Monterey, with Paul 
Mark turning in a fine all-around game. 
For Salinas, George Young and Frank 
Chinn starred . . . Led by Clarence Ung, 
former Los Angeles boy, the Salinas five 
defeated the Japanese Y. M. B. A. of 
Salinas, 36-26. Ung hit the hoop for 
eleven points . . . The Misses Fannie and 
Annie Fooey of Red Bluff were in San 
Francisco during the recent Examiner 
Golden Gloves tournament to see their 
brother, Sammy, box. Both were almost 
in tears when he lost in the semi-finals 
... By defeating David Chung, Ying 
Wong became the champion of the se- 
cond annual Salinas Union High School 
Ping Pong tournament. Scores were 21-9 
and 21-7. Other Chinese who partici- 
pated were Stanley Chung, Waymond 
Jang and Gage Wong, Jr. . . . Henrietta 
Jung, diminutive Chinese tennis star, has 
been ranked No. 9 in singles for girls 
under fifteen years of age for Northern 
CalSornia for 1936 . . . John Wong and 
Albert Sun Lee are the mainstays for 
the Galileo High School 130's cagemen. 



CHINESE WOMEN'S CLUB IN- 
STALLATION 

The Portland Chinese Women's Club 
held an installation dinner at the Hung 
Far Low on January 10 when the follow- 
ing were installed by the past president, 
Mrs. Park Chin: president, Mrs. Margar- 
et Seito Wong; first vice-president, Dr. 
Goldie H. Chan; second vice-president, 
Mrs. Lee Hong; Chinese secretary, Mrs. 
Park Chin; assistant, Mrs. Lee Hong; 
English secretary, Mrs. Stanley Chin; 
assistant, Mrs. Lee Fong; treasurer, Dr. 
Goldie H. Chan; assistant, Mrs. Jennie 
Lew; auditor, Mrs. Lee Park Lum; hos- 
pitality and sergeant-at-arms, Mrs. Lee 
Bing Duck and Mrs. Jue Bow; telephone, 
Mrs. Lee Loy and Mrs. Lee Jack; repre- 
sentatives, Mrs. Robert Luck, Mrs. Lum 
Deen and Mrs. Lee Heen. 

• • 

GREATER SHANGHAI'S 
FOURTH ANNUAL MEET 

Organized on a much larger scale than 
ever before, the fourth annual Athletic 
Meet, promoted by the Bureau of Edu- 
cation and Bureau of Social Affairs of 
the Municipal Government of Shanghai 
was held recently in that city, requiring 
two days to be run off. 

Fairly large crowds attended the meet, 
contributing materially to the success of 
it. On the whole, the girls showed a 
remarkable improvement, especially in 
the Physical Directors category. On the 
other hand, however, the boys gave an 
exceedingly poor showing. 

By winning both girls' divisions for 
College Special and Physical Training, 
The Great China University captured the 
college championship, while the Tung 
Ya Physical Training School took both 
physical categories for boys and girls. 

The boys' senior middle school title 
was won by the Shanghai Middle School 
and the girls' championship went to the 
Ming Lih Girls' School. In the junior 
middle schools, the Woo Pung Girls' 
School won honors for girls, and Tsung 
Nan Middle School won for the boys. 
In the college division, the Tse Chi took 
top honors. 

A new record in baseball throw was 
the brightest spot of the meet. Miss 
Chen Yung-Dong bettered the former re- 
cord, held by Miss Pan Ying-chu, by 
1.08 metres. Miss Chen's new mark is 
51.53 metres. Another performance 
worthy of mention was the 80 metres low 
hurdles for girls, won by Miss Chiao Yu- 
ling, in 14.04 seconds, a fraction of a 
second over the national record, which 
is held by Miss Chen Han-su. 



February, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 17 



FAR EAST 



(Continued from Page 3) 
try now for the central government and 
Communist forces to join hands in a 
united front against Japan. This is not 
possible as long as Chiang Kai-shek is 
in power, becaue for ten long years he 
has fought them, fought against their 
political and social principles as well as 
well as their armies. In recent years, it 
is true, Chiang has compromised with 
various rebel elements for the good of 
the country, but he believes he has the 
situation in hand now in such a manner 
that compromise with the Red forces for 
a conflict with Japan — assuming such a 
conflict is inevitable — is not necessary. 

Aside from the questionable fact of 
natonal unity, China also is threatened 
internally by another destructive force 
which is undermining the vitality of the 
people. This evil is opium, opium 
smuggled from foreign countries as well 
as opium grown within the country. All 
over the nation one is again witnessing 
the recurrence of a tragic situation which 
once before had reduced China to almost 
spineless helplessness. 

For a decade China has talked of 
opium suppression, and, until recently, 
it was just talk. China has attempted to 
suppress this vice, but the forces against 
suppression were too great. Without ef- 
fective political control of all the prov- 
inces, the central government could not 
prevent various semi-independent prov- 
incial tuchuns from growing opium in 
order to raise revenue. And even with 
control of the provinces achieved, sup- 
pression was still almost impossible with 
smuggled opium coming from eastern 
and western countries. Of vessels known 
to be smuggling opium into Chinese 
ports regularly, 45 per cent are reported 
to be British, 30 per cent Chinese and 18 
percent Japanese. What hope for sup- 
pression when the sources of supply are 
not effectively controlled? 

The present drastic measures adopted 
to combat the effects of opium represent 
a last resort, since more peaceful mea- 
sures have failed. Yet even execution 
of addicts who have failed to take vol- 
untary cures is only doing away the effect 
or this evil. International cooperation 
is needed to wipe out the cause of the 
opium scourge. Once before, through 
international agreement, China had suc- 
cessfully combatted this vice, and there 
is no reason why it cannot be done again. 



Turning to China's external situation, 
it can be noted that in her international 
relations she has won resurgence of con- 
fidence for her immediate future from 
Europe and America. Since the Man- 
churian incident in 1931 international 
confidence in China had been slowly ebb- 
ng and did not rise again until last 
summer, when the southern provinces 
were abruptly brought under the control 
of Nanking. The psycological effect was 
tremendous, for it showed the West, as 
nothing else could, that at last China's 
people were becoming definitely nation- 
alistic in outlook. This outlook is the 
result of 10 years of intensive Kuomin- 
tang propaganda. 

The only dark and ominously uncer- 
tain factor in China's external situation 
is, of course, her present relations with 
Japan. If Japan continues pressing her 
demands, which are the recognition of 
her special rights in North China, coop- 
eration against Chinese Communists, and 
consultation regarding China's financial 
dealings with foreign powers, and China 
continues to accept and make counter 
demands of her own with the view of 
resolving "fundamental adjustments" in 
the relations between the two countries, 
anything may happen. In Sino-Japanese 
relations as they are today, to make pre- 
dictions is sheer foolishness. 

But one thing is certain where China 
is concerned: she cannot back down on 
her counter-demands which she has made 
known to Japan, for to do so would 
certainly mean political disaster for the 
central government. Never in China's 
modern history has her people been so 
united in nationalism as they are today. 
As for Japan, her relations with China 
in the immediate future depends a great 
deal on the outcome of her present in- 
ternal political dissentions. The world 
is witnessing a life and death struggle 
in that country between parliamentarism 
and a Japanese form of Facism. Which- 
ever side wins will mean a great deal for 
the future of Sino-Japanese relations. 

* y * 

In retrospect, one can say this of Chi- 
na's prospects in 1937: internally, nom- 
inal unity has been achieved, but she 
still faces three major menaces in the 
form of Japanese aggression in the North, 
the Communists in the interior, and the 
opium menace which has millions in its 
grip. But it is a definitely hopeful sign 
that the central government is coping 



with all three problems which are threat- 
ening national reconstruction and pro- 
gress. 

Externally, with the newly won con- 
fidence of Western nations an actuality, 
more foreign financial aid may be ex- 
pected to spur reconstruction work in the 
country. 

Only from Japan is China faced with 
an ever probable threat to her existence 
as a nation. But China learned this 
bitter lesson in 1931: if she wishes to 
ward off external aggression she cannot 
depend on any other nation except her- 
self. Since she has this knowledge she 
is preparing for eventualities, so that 
even in respect to the strained relations 
between China and Japan, the former 
can look forward to the immediate fu- 
ture with something like self assurance. 
And it is this self assurance that prompt- 
ed General Chiang Kai-shek, on the oc- 
casion of his 50th birthday last October, 
to make this remark in the course of a 
public speech: "We can wholly dismiss 
any insinuation that some exterior Great 
Power is needed to help China maintain 
order within her own borders. Forward, 
fellow citizens, to revive our old national 
traits of self-reliance, of self-government, 
temperance and self-consciousness. Show 
the world that the Chinese people can 
do great things!" 




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Page 18 



CHINESE DIGEST 



February, 1937 



CONSUL-GENERAL GAVE TALK 
TO AMERICAN SOCIETY 

San Francisco, Calif. — Starting the 
first of its International Dinners for this 
year, the Sequoia Club selected China 
as an apropriate subject. The speaker 
and guest of honor was Consul-General 
C. C. Huang, who spoke on "Religious 
Freedom in China". 

• • 

Chinatown greeted a brand new dry 
cleaning firm when the Kwong-Kwong — 
2 similar characters meaning bright, 
cleain, sparkling — opened for business 
Jan. 29. Located at 664 Jackson Street, 
in the heart of Chinatown's "eating" dis- 
trict, the new cleaning establishment is 
equipped with up-to-date finishing ma- 
chineries, according to Fred Moy, man- 
ager. A 30-day price reduction is an- 
nounced, commencing with the date of 
opening. 



Recent books on China and 
things Chinese: 

Selling Wilted Peonies, Bio- 
graphy 6C Songs of Yu Hsuan- 
chi. By Genevieve Wimsatt. 120 
pp., illus., notes. New York: Col- 
umbia University Press. $3.00. 

The story of the outstanding 
poetess of the T'ang Dynasty, 
translated into English for the 
first time. 

Chinese Shadow Shows. By 

Genevieve Wimsatt. Cambridge, 
Mass.: Harvard University Press. 
$3.50. 

A comprehensive study of a 
Chinese folk art, with illustra- 
tions. 

Chinese Influence on Euro- 
pean Garden Structures. By Ele- 
anor von Erdgerg. Cambridge, 
Mass.: Harvard University Press. 
$5.00. 

A study of chinoiserie in 18th 
century gardens. 

Landlord and Peasant in China. 

By Chen Han-seng. New York: 
International. $2.00. 

A study of agrarian crisis in 
South China. 

Shrines of a Thousand Bud- 
dhas. By Dr. Giuseppe Tucci in 
collaboration with E. Ghersi. 272 
pp.; illus.; map, index. New 
York: Robert M. McBride 8C Co. 
$3.00. 

Account of a journey into 
Tibet. 



MME. CHIANG KAI SHEK COMING 
TO U. S. 

South Hadley, Mass. — In preparation 
for the one hundredth anniversary of 
the founding of the institution, the head 
of Mount Holyoke College here recently 
telegraphed iMme. Chiang Kai-shek, 
(Soong Mei-ling) wife of China's prem- 
ier, asking her to attend this celebration. 
Recently Mme. Chiang telegraphed her 
acceptance. 

Mount Holyoke College's 100th anni- 
versary will be celebrated on May 7 and 
8, 1937, it has been announced. 

Pardee Lowe, author and sociologist, will 
speak on "Costly Cultural Treasure from 
China," in opening the World Tomorrow 
Symposium of San Francisco State Col- 
lege on Monday night, Feb. 1, at 7:30 
p. m. at the Frederic Burk auditorium of 
the college. 



Interesting articles in recent 
publications : 

"Peiping's Happy New Year," by 
George Kin Leung. 31 illustra- 
tions. National Geographic Maga- 
zine, December, 1936. 

"A Peiping Panorama in Vivid 
Pigments." 16 camera paintings 
by H. C. & J. H. White. In same 
publication as above. 

"China's Progress," By T'ang 
Leang-li. Current History, Janu- 
ary, 1937. 

"Japanning China," by Will- 
ard Price. Harpers, January, 
1937. 

"Forgotten Ancestors of the 
Chinese," by John B. Shackford. 
Travel, January, 1937. 

"Can China survive?" by Hu 
Shih. Forum, January, 1937. 

"Moy Jin Mun, Liege Lord of 
Old Chinatown," by Idwal Jones. 
Westways, January, 1937. (An 
account of Moy Jin Mun's life 
based on the short biography 
which originally appeared in the 
CHINESE DIGEST, issue of 
May 15, 1936). 

In Asia magazine for January. 
1937: 

1) "Mixed Marriage," by Par- 
dee Lowe. First of two articles. 

2) "Peasant Embroideries of 
China," by Carl Schuster. 

3) "China at Bay," by Nathan- 
iel Peffer. 

4) "Within Chinese Red Ar- 
eas," by Norman Hanwell. 

"Jade," by Herbert P. White. 
Natural History, January, 1937. 



Articles and Features Scheduled 

for Early Publication in the 

CHINESE DIGEST 

Mr. Y. T. Wu, editor of the 
Association Press of Shanghai, 
who is now in the United States, 
will give some firsthand informa- 
tion on the trend of present-day 
journalism in China. 

Mr. T Y. Ni, formerly associ- 
ate professor of philosophy in the 
University of Nanking, will write 
on the Story of Chinese Philoso- 
phy. 

Historical information of sci- 
be revealed 
Ink Culture. 



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February, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 19 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



(Continued from Page 2) 

To be sure, all improvements can only come gradu- 
ally. All changes denote extra expenses and we need 
■to proced slowly. Readers will be interested to know 
that we have mapped out a four year Growth Plan, 
aiming at fulfilling the cultural and sociological needs 
of the Chinese in America. 

"'How can we contribute to this growth?" is a fre- 
quent question asked by well wishers and supporters 
of the Digest. First of all we want to hear from our 
readers, telling us what they want to read, keeping us 
informed on their reactions, and supplying us, where- 
ever possible, with leads and data of Chinese life in 
America. Next, we want more subscriptions, the very 
life blood of the Digest. And finally, readers can help 
immensely by telling our advertisers that you appre- 
ciate their patronage. — C.W.L. 

GOOD WORK! 

News came from Los Angeles recently that the Rev. 
T. T. Taam, pastor of the Chinese Congregational 



Church there, has been able, at long last, to secure 
facilities for a children's playground in his district. The 
city Board of Education has appropriated three thou- 
sand dollars to equip the Ninth Street School with 
day and night playground facilities. 

For the many children who will frequent this play- 
ground it is planned that they will be organized into 
various groups and that play and group work will be 
supervised by an adequate staff. 

Readers of the Digest will recall in a recent article 
(The Social Survey, By Lim P. Lee, issue of Nov. 20, 
1936) that the Rev. Taam had completed a survey of 
the Chinese population of Los Angeles not long ago 
and had found that the Chinese children in that city's 
two Chinatowns were sadly in need of playgrounds. 
Because of this lack these children were compelled to 
play in the streets and in imminent danger from traffic 
hazards every minute. 

Thus in securing a playground at this time the first 
step in remedying this situation has been taken. It is to 
be hoped that much more may be done in this direction 
in the immediate future. — W. H. 



OBSERVATIONS 

It has been said that one of the 
proofs that a paper or a magazine 
has intrinsic merit is to see whether 
the contributions appearing therein 
are ever quoted or mentioned by 
other publications. In this respect 
the Digest can claim such merit, al- 
though we are only in our fifteenth 
month of publication. Not only 
have we been quoted and mentioned 
by our contemporaries, but our fea- 
tures and articles have also been 
translated, reprinted, and used as 
sources of references. 

To back up our modest boast we 
present the following record for 
those who may care to scan it: 

The Chinese Invented the Mon- 
golian Arrow Release, the Archer's 
Ring, the Triple Arc Composite 
Bow, the Balanced Wrist Guards, 
and the Repeating Cross Bow. Being 
Nos. XVII to XXI of Chinese In- 
ventions and Discoveries, by Ching- 
wah Lee. Reprinted in full by The 
American Bowman (Albany, Oreg.) 

The Economic Life of the Chinese 
in the United States, by Lim P. Lee. 
Reprinted in condensed form and 
re-titled The Chinese Struggle A- 
broad in the China Digest (Shang- 
hai English monthly); 

Grand View of San Francisco, an 
illustrated feature "Chinatownia" 



item. Reprinted in full in the China 
Press weekly supplement (Shang- 
hai); 

My Country and My People, a 
book review by William Hoy. Re- 
printed in part in The Rock monthly 
(Hongkong) ; 

The Passing of Chinatown: Fact 
or Fancy, by William Hoy. Reprint- 
ed in full in the Shanghai Evening 
Post & Mercury daily; also trans- 
lated into Chinese by the Young 
China (San Francisco); Catholic 
Center Gives Report of Year's Work 
by William Hoy. Rewritten and 
released as a feature news item by 
the NCWC (National Catholic Wel- 
fareConference) news service to the 
Catholic press throughout the U. S. 
Later translated into Chinese and 
released to the Catholic press in 
China through the Lumen (Catho- 
lic) news service (Peiping) ; 

Ah Louis, by William Hoy. Trans- 
lated into Chinese by the Young 
China daily (San Francisco) ; 

Moy Jin Mun, by William Hoy. 
Reprinted in full in the Pony Ex- 
press Courier monthly (Placerville, 
Calif.); 

San Francisco's Chinatown, a book 
review by William Hoy. Reprinted 
in part in the Chinese Christian Stu- 
dent Bulletin (New York). 



ALMOST 300 STUDENTS LEFT 

CHINA FOR AMERICAN 

STUDIES IN 1936 

Last summer a total of 296 Chinese 
students left their homeland for further 
studies in the colleges and universities in 
America, a recent report from the Mini- 
stry of Education of the central govern- 
ment revealed. These students are study- 
ing the following subjects: 

Engineering __ — — __ 70 

Law, Politics, Economics .... 52 

Pure Sciences - 40 

Liberal Arts ..._ 36 

Agriculture .... — . — — 25 

Commerce .— — — . 38 

Education _„ 23 

Medicine — . — . - 12 

During the same year 286 Chines* stu- 
dents went to Europe. Of this number 
102 went to England, 101 to Germany, 
while the rest are distributed in France, 
Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, 
Holland, Poland and Denmark. 

• • 

From time to time there have been 
complaints from various readers that the 
typography of the Chinese Digest is too 
small and consequently difficult to read 
without occasioning eyestrain. In this 
issue one article is being printed in a 
larger type to test readers' reactions. The 
editor would welcome comments relative 
to this particular type. If it meets with 
favorable reactions future issues of the 
Digest may be printed in this larger type. 



Page 20 CHINESE DIGEST February, 1937 



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Ten Cents 



GOOD EARTH NUMBER 




O-LAN SEES HER FIRST DAUGHTER-IN-LAW 
As her second son takes unto himself a wife, 
O-Lan, the mother and heroine of "The Cood 
Earth," lay dying in her bed, while those par- 
taking in the marriage feast make merry outside 



her room. This is the climax of the motion 
picture version of Pearl S. Buck's world famous 
novel. Luise Rainer plays O-Lan, and Mary 
Wong is the Little Bride. This production is 
now released after three years' preparation. 



Page 2 



CHINESE DICEST 



March, 1937 



EDITORIAL 



IN PRAISE OF THE "GOOD EARTH." 

The picturization of Pearl Buck's novel, "The Good 
Earth," has been acclaimed from coast to coast by emi- 
nent critics as a great work of art and an outstanding 
achievements in the annals of the motion picture indus- 
try. These critics have spared no superlatives in de- 
scribing the picture as a triumph of the cinema art, and 
some were well-nigh bubbling over with enthusiasm and 
lavish praise. And since most of these critics referred 
to are of the New York variety, noted for their cynic- 
ism and severity as well as real artistic insight, the tribute 
and panegyrics which they have lavished on the picture 
must have been well deserved. 

We noted with more than passing interest such 
comments as the following: " 'The Good Earth' brings 
the baffling and remote Chinese into our sympathetic 
understanding as if they were our other selves;" "... a 
revealing study of a great and ancient people;" "The 
story of Wang and his love for the land ... is thee 
story of civilization;" "It is the story of China, new and 
old, and it still is universal in theme and in effect;" 
". . . the picture is neither of the Orient or the Oc- 
cident as a study of mankind;" "Searchingly human, a 
saga of womanhood. . . ." Words like these speak 
volumes. 

Tons of publicity copy have been released during the 
past four years to acquaint and keep the public informed 
about the making of this production. . The public has 
been told that a veritable expedition was sent to China 
to photograph the background and purchase necessary 
properties; that this work took more than a year and 
at the end of that time some 200,000 feet of film were 
taken; that it took several years of research and re- 
writing of the novel to adapt it for the screen; and 
that, finally, the production cost in the neighborhood of 
#3,000,000. 

But the greatness of "The? Good 1 Earth" as a picture 
does not lie in the fact that prodigious labor and a vast 
sum of money were spent in its making. 

The real greatness of the picture lies in the fact that 
one of the great novels of our time could be so faith- 
fully and minutely translated on the screen. All the 
greatness of the novel — : in its ability to communicate 
emotions and in its realistic revelation of an aspect of 
life that might have been — was visualized on the screen 
as few other great stories could have been done. 

Two generations before Rudyard Kipling, a news- 
paperman in India, raised journalism — a lowly profes- 
sion — to the heights of literature through his creative 
genius. The motion picture, which also had a lowly 
beginning but a generation ago, have already been recog- 
nized as an art, but an art not yet reaching fulfillment. 
We venture the hope that, with "The Good Earth" as 
its most supreme achievement thus far, the cinema has 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

EDITORIAL 2, 23 

THE C. E. C. SESSION AT NANKING 
Hsieh Wei-lum 4 

CHINA'S LOST MILK CULTURE 
Chingwah Lee 6 

CHINA HAD THE FIRST MOTION 
PICTURE Chingwah Lee 7 

CHINATOWN I A 8, 15, 17, 20, 21 

WHO'S WHO AMONG THE CHINESE 
I N 'GOOD EARTH' 9 

THE JADE BOX 

P'mgYu 10, 11 

AN 'INSIDE VIEW OF A MOTION 
..PICTURE STUDIO Lim P. Lee 12 

SAMPAN b CARAVAN 1 3 

SPORTS 

Fred G. Woo 18. 19 

MONTHLY LISTING OF CURRENT 
ARTICLES b BOOKS 22 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published monthly at 868 Washington Street 
San Ftancisco, California (CHina 2400) 

WILLIAM HOY, Editor 

Per year, J1.00: Per copy, 10 cents 

Foreign, £1.50 per year 

All articles copyrighted. For reprints, special permission must be 

secured in writing. 

STAFF 

Associate Editor 

.... Sports Editor. Office Manager 

_ _ Sociological Data 



CHINGWAH LEE 
FRED G. WOO _ 
LIM P. LEE 



THOMAS W. CHINN 
HELEN M. FONG _ 
WALLACE H. FONG . 



Managing Editor 

Circulation Manage! 

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March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 




Younger Son (Roland Lui) reading Chinese Digest to O-Lan (Luise Rainer) and "Little Fool" (Suzanna Kim) 

CHINESE STAR* IN "THE GOOD EARTH" 
WRITES ABOUT MOORE CLOTHES 

^Chingwah Lee, playing the most important part assigned to a Chinese actor in "Good Earth" 



\l N the above picture, Roland Lui is read- 
■*■ ing a recent article in the Chinese Di- 
gest. Among other things Chingwah Lee 
wrote: ,! . . . Then I rushed back to my 
room to remove my disguise and to pro- 
ceed to make myself presentable for the 



reception. First, I put on my Sunday suit 
which is all mine except for six Moore 
stalled installments." Thank you Mr. Lee 
for mentioning us so pleasantly — and we 
trust others will follow your example in 
choosing their Sunday suit at Moore's 



1000 Suit Purchase 
of "Meaty" worsteds 
far below their worth 



$ 



28 



75 



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840 Market - San Francisco 
1450 Broadway - Oakland 



MOORE'S 



Chinese representative at 
San Francisco Kearny St. 
store only: "Colday" Leong 



Page 4 




CHINESE DICEST 




March. 1937 




F 


A R E A S 


T 





THE C. E. C. SESSION 
AT NANKING 

By Hsieh Wei-lum 

All observers of Chinese politics, na- 
tive or foreign, expected momentous de- 
cisions to come forth from the recent 
session of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee (Chung Yang Chap Hsing Wei 
Yuan Hui) of the Nanking national 
government, held February 15 to 21. 

As a result of the clamor of Com- 
munist elements for a united front 
against Japan, a clamor made all the 
more loud by the Anti-Japanese National 
Salvation organization, it was to be ex- 
pected that the C. E. C. would consider 
this matter as the most important one on 
its agenda. All other questions, military 
and political, were of secondary import- 
ance. 

But what happened ? When the com-, 
mittee adjourned the following impor- 
tant points were given as the national 
government's present declaration of na- 
tional policy: 

1. Active punitive warfare against 
Chinese communists shall cease, but the 
government shall do all in its power to 
suppress and crush opposition (meaning 
Communist) propaganda against the 
Nanking regime; 

2. Conscription of the nation's youths 
shall be actively pushed to build up po- 
tential fighting strength; 

3. The government shall adopt a pol- 
icy of watchful self-defense in respect to 
its foreign relations. 

Thus, on close analysis, the C. E. C. 
session decided nothing new to change 
the course of the governments present 
policy of national unification and mili- 
tary preparedness. In effect the C. E. C. 
decided that Gen. Chiang Kai-shek's 
policy of unification and preparedness 
was the only course possible to pursue at 
this time, and that any sort of a strong 
policy against Japan would prove disas- 
trous to the nation. 

Last month this writer stated in these 
columns that although there is strong 
sentiment in the country today for 
a Nanking-Communist united front 
against Japan, yet this was not possible 
as long as (Jen. Chiang was in power. 
And since the recent C. E. C. decision in 
reality reflects the policy of Gen. Chiang, 
the statement has been proven to be cor- 
rect. 

With any other leader than General 
Chiang at the helm of the government 
today, the C. E. C. would have capitu- 
lated to the demands of the Communists 
and radical elements. Not only was pub- 
lic sentiment for it but even many of 



Nanking's leaders worked actively in 
the hope of steam-rolling a resolution at 
the C. E. C. session calling for a united 
front. Marshall Feng Yu-hsiang, still as 
independent and bellicose as ever, would 
have the government abandon its present 
wars against the Communists, join hands 
with them against Japan, and also reach 
an "understanding" with Soviet Russia. 
The voice of Madame Sun Yat-Sen 
was heard in denouncing Nanking's 
present policy of virtual national suicide. 
Madame Sun's political influence is no 
longer strong in Nanking today, but her 
voice in the radical movement is greater 
than ever. 

But the most insistent clamoring for a 
united front came from the Anti-Jap- 
anese National Salvation Association. 
This is a semi-legal organization, with 
branches in all large Chinese cities and 
also abroad, including the United States. 
This association declares as its main pur- 
pose to work for a struggle with Japan 
in order to recover territories wrested by 
that country from China since 1931. It 
aims to achieve its purpose by all avail- 
able means, including propaganda, 
strikes, boycotts and political persuasion. 
Its membership includes both Commun- 
ists and left-wing Kuomintang-ites. and. 
to this extent, serves as a link between 
the ruling party in China and the radi- 
cals. 

On the strength of its membership, 
therefore, and the fact that it has the sup- 
port of thousands of patriotic citizens, 
the National Salvation Association 
drafted this resolution and sent its dele- 
gates to present it at the C. E. C. meet- 
ing: 

The formation of a "Popular Front" 
government which would seek the sup- 
port of other democratic governments 
throughout the world; 

Immediate cessation of open warfare 
against Chinese Communists and their 
inclusion into the Popular Front: 

Diplomatic efforts to achieve an un- 
derstanding with Britain and the United 
States — a sort of tri-partc entente — to 
curb Japan s imperialism. 

But in spite ot this strong support, in 
spite of the Communists' apparently sin 
cere promise to tone down its agrarian 
program and abandon its class wart. ire 
policy, the demand for a united front 
was rejected. The C. E. C. did not con- 
cede a single point. True, the C. E. C. 
did decide to stop the government's war- 
fare against the Reds, but the rider to 
that declaration nullified the first part 
of the statement completely. 



One cannot help observing, as China's 
internal politics stand today, that the 
Communists, all reports to the contrary 
notwithstanding, are losing ground. 
They are losing ground in spite of the 
party's switching of tactics, which is 
that of abandoning its class warfare 
against capitalists, landlords and rich 
merchants and greatly modifying its 
agrarian program. They are losing 
ground in spite of their declaration to co- 
operate with the Kuomintang and the 
organization of a national anti-Japanese 
association to assure Nanking of the 
Communists' support in case of an early 
war with Japan. 

Chinese Communism's present polic\ 
vis-a-vis Nanking may be summed up 
by quoting two of the eight-point pro- 
gram promulgated by the Reds at Sianlu 
last December when Gen. Chiang was 
captured. These two points arc: 1 ) re- 
organization of the Nanking govern- 
ment to include anti-Japanese represen- 
tatives from all parties, groups, and or- 
ganizations throughout the country: and 
2) the immediate realization of the last 
will and testament ot Sun Yat-Sen. 
which calls for an alliance between 
China and all countries that believe in 
its Irecdom. 

It can be seen that with such a pro- 
gram Gen. Chiang and China's Com- 
munists simply cannot see eye to eye. 
The struggle between Nanking and the 
Communists, therefore. >:oes on. 




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March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 5 



DRESSWELL TO FIT THE OCCASION 
GOOD EARTH' IS ONE — SPRINC'S ANOTHER 




iPaul Muni. and Luise Rai.uer in a scene from "The Good Earth" 



Dresswell is in the heart of Chinatown Dresswell all wool suits have style and 
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Page 6 



CHINESE DICE ST 



March, 1937 



CULTURE 



Chinese Inventions and 
Discoveries 

_ No. 33-34: China's Lost Milk 
Culture includes the invention of 
junket and oleomargine; she has had 
milk powder, butter, cheese, and 
koumiss; and prescribed milk diet and 
bath. 

China is said to be one of the few 
agricultural countries representative of 
"massa civilization" — as distinguished 
from cattle raising "tundra civilization" 
which successfully resisted the inroad of 
the dairy complex — such as the use of 
milk, cheese, and butter as food. But an 
examination of her history shows that 
the milk complex was not entirely un- 
known to her, and surprising as it may 
seem, her milk culture was actually 
more extensive than that of cattle rais- 
ing countries. What happened was that 
she rejected this valuable gift of the cat- 
tle raisers. 

The Materia Medica of the Ming 
Dynasty, for example, shows that her 
physicians had studied milk produced 
from all the domestic animals. Physi- 
cians of the time analyzed to the best of 
their knowledge the milk of human be- 
ings, sows, water buffalo, sheep, mare, 
ass, camel, and even dogs. All the known 
medicinal values were listed and they 
are classified as either saline or sweet, 
cooling or warming. 

A diet of sow's milk is recommended 
as a cure for alcoholics. A milk bath is 
recommended to whiten the complex- 
ion, soften the skin, and preserve the 
hair. The captive wife of Emperor 
Ch'ien Lung is said to have bathed daily 
with milk from sheep of her own coun- 
try in Central Asia. Her beauty was 
famous throughout the Orient, and she 
is said to have had the fragrance of an 
infant. 

As a diet milk is said to prevent fever, 
convulsion, and a certain form of cold. 
It is also said to be mildly laxative, un- 
less mixed with acid, when it has the 
opposite effect. It is praised as a bone 
and ligament builder; a tonic to the 
heart, kidney, and navel; and as a mild 
aphrodisiac. 

A fermented wine of mare's milk 
called koumiss or ma ju chiu was made 
during the Han Dynasty. It is probably 
the result of her being invaded by the 
milk-using Tartars during the later part 
of the Chou Dynasty. Koumiss is used 
extensively in Mongolia and Siberia to- 
day. 

Milk junket is made by adding a small 
amount of plaster of Paris to heated 



CHINGWAH LEE 



4f>* . - 






f- 




A portion of the Chinese farm 
"set" built for the "Good Earth." The 

milk. It must be prepared with extreme 
care. The powder must be stirred in 
evenly yet the milk must not be agitated 
or it will curdle. This technique is very 
likely a transfer from the soy bean cul- 
ture of China. Milk powder is also pro- 
duced. Oleomargarine is made as it is 
being made in the West today, by adding 
suet and a little coloring matter called 
huang ki tzu to butter. Oleomargarine 
did not make its appearance in Europe 
until Napoleon's time. 

Cream is called ju p'i or milk skin. 
Lao or lo is a term generally applied to 
a creamv curd make by boiling the milk 
repeatedly, adding a little fresh milk 
with each boiling. After the tenth boil- 
ing it is poured into a jar and allowed 
to cool. The upper half called "su" is re- 
moved, while the lower half soon forms 
a creamy curd called lao or lo. Lao is 
not fermented. 

There is a dry form of lo called kan 
lo, and this is made by placing the milk 
in the sun and repeatedly removing the 
layer which forms on the surface. This 
collected skimming is placed in a pot 
and heated, then poured into a howl and 
allowed to cool. It is finally strained, 
and the precipitate is a solid product 
called kan lo. 

Dried cream is called su. It is prac- 
tically the same as butter, which is called 
iu yu (milk fat), or huang yu (yellow- 
fat), but is sometimes called ma ssu yu 
(Hindu: muska). It is made by heating 
the milk, skimming, and heating the 
collected cream. This process is said to 
have come from Szechuan and Kwei- 
chow provinces during the Han Dynasty. 



water buffalo in the foreground was 
imported from the Orient. 

Readers will recall that at that time this 
region, then known collectively as 
Ichow, was occupied by pioneering Chi- 
nese and indigenous yak-raising tribes — 
the Pa, Shu, Pantung, Liao, and Yailang 
tribes. Today, Tibet, which once also 
overlapped into Szechuan, is the yak- 
raising center, and their religious activi- 
ties include the display of very colorful 
butter-sculptures of Buddhas and pil- 
grims. 

Butter fat, called t'i hn. is the oil 
which is separated from hutter. It is 
similar to the India Ghee (or ghrita). 
This was brought into China by the 
Buddhist monks from India. As ti hu 
comes from lao and lao from su. and su 
from milk, t'i hu is considered the es- 
sence of milk and is said to prolong life 
it taken regularly. 

Cheese is called yu pink (milk cake) 
or nai toufu (milk soy custard). Milk is 
boiled repeatedly lor live times ami a 
little vinegar added. It is strained 
through cloth ami squeezed between 
stones to form a cake. There are many 
other methods of making cheese, and 
some arc made in combination with soy 
sauce. Cheese str.iws were also made .it 
that time. 

It is difficult to think ol China as a 
cheese exporter, especially it the destm.i 

tion is America. Yet, tor the last thirty 
years Sam Wo ('ale, in San Francisco, 

famous shop lor rice gruel, imports .i 
variety called niu yu ping or COW milk 

tablet. It is made by adding salt to 
curdled buffalo milk, straining, sejiu 
ing in a cloth sack, pounding, and 
(Continued on Page 17) 



March, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Pact 7 



CULTURE 



CHINESE DISCOVERIES 
AND INVENTIONS 

No. 35-41 : The Chinese Invented 
puppetry, and has the equivalent of 
magic lantern, silent movies, animat- 
ed cartoons, talkies, colored talkies, 
and radio plays. 

Far fetched as it may seem the first 
screen picturization of the "Good Earth" 
took place in China nearly a thousand 
years ago. At that time the Chinese were 
enjoying puppet shows, which type of 
entertainment, together with the peep 
shows, spread all over the Orient. 

Puppetry soon developed into "shad- 
ow plays" where the puppets were 
of cardboard, manipulated between a 
screen and a lantern. The larger screens 
are four feet in length and three feet in 
height and may be of silk or paper. This 
type of "silent movies" had the same 
name that modern cinema bears in 
China today — "y m g hua" or shadow pic- 
tures. Ying hua is probably a Yuan 
Dynasty (1278-1368 A. D.) achieve- 
ment, a great period in the development 
of Chinese drama. The background is 
either missing or very simple, but furni- 
ture, trees, and other props are often 
realistically fashioned. 

The montage or presentation of intro- 
ductory atmospheric scenes forms a very 
important part of the shadow plays, so 
much so that one wonders if this out- 
growth of the peep-show is not the pro- 
genitor of shadow puppetry. It is called 
pui ching. By using cut-outs of various 
degrees of transparency very pleasing 
light and shadow effects are produced — 
a bright moon against a dark sky, a dim 
lantern in a temple yard, or a group of 
lowly huts against a river bank. Move- 
ment, if any, is of the simplest type — a 
willow tree is made to sway its branches 
by blowing gently on it; a sampan is 
drawn across a lazy stream, or a row of 
swallows is seen crossing the sky. 

P'ui ching, then, is a form of magic 
lantern, but it should be distinguished 
from the chao-ma tung or "running- 
horse" lantern. The chao-ma tung is a 
paper lantern with an inner revolving 
frame on the side of which are fashioned 
running horses or other figures. This 
frame has a roof of radiating vents, and 
is made to revolve by a current of hot 
air issuing from a candle placed to one 
side of the axis of the lantern. (Such lan- 
terns, now rare, are on sale at the China 
Emporium and the Columbia Company 
in San Francisco's Chinatown.) 

Animated cartoons were probably pro- 
duced shortly after the appearance of 
the shadow plays in the interest of vari- 
ety. The characters are highly distorted 
(Continued from Page 17) 



THE 5HfW0W 
SCREEN 

Pui Ching' or 
* Atmospheric 

flontaye" 
preceding 
introduction 
of characters . 

8EL0IV. 

Warrior <sind 
some of his 
uniform and 
equipment . 

y ) 





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Page 8 



CHINESE DICEST 



March, 1937 



PERSONALITIES 



ROAMING 'ROUND 

WITH R. R. 

And so "The Good Earth" came to 
San Francisco! . . . The picture for which 
we have eagerly waited months and 
months took S. F. by storm! It is really 
a marvelous picture and no doubt will 
be the number one picture of the year. 
. . . Don't miss it. . . . Over radio station 
KSFO, Ching Wah Lee gave his im- 
pression of the picture. Quite a nice chat. 
. . . When Soo Yong and Mary Wong 
walked up the corridor of the Carthay 
Circle Theatre at the world premiere of 
the picture in Los Angeles recendy, they 
made the spectators gasp, for never had 
they seen such gorgeous and brilliant 
hued Chinese gowns. . . . Even I was 
speechless at the spectacle! . . . Roland 
Got, L. A.'s football hero, proved that 
he is quite an actor in the picture, too. 
(His screen name is Roland Lui.) In 
case you don't know it, Got is quite an 
archer. . . . Frank Tang was retained 
by MGM to take care of some of the de- 
tails incident to the opening of the Good 
Earth here. His brother, Kam, was also 
a S. F. visitor. . . Chinese New Year 
was celebrated here and everywhere with 
vim, vigor, lion dance, firecrackers, feast 
and the ever lucky Lai Shee. . . . China- 
town went on the air amid the firing of 
our traditional firecrackers on New 
Year's Eve. None other than Bob Poo 
Poo was in the background furnishing 
the sound effect. . . . Shootin' up again 
eh. Bob? ... Li Po, "Where Friendly 
Spirits Reign," is Chinatown's newest 
cocktail lounge. The managers, Wilbert 
Wong and W. Jack Chow rushed the 
lounge to completion just in time to han- 
dle the huge New Year's throng. . . . 
Stockton boasted of a fine new modern 
Chinese cafe, the Gum Ling. It made 
it's debut during New Year and has a 
fine dance floor and orchestra. Stockton 
must be quite a dancing town, for the 
Gold Dragon also has a large dance floor 
and ork. . . . The Chinese Tennis Club 
(Chitena) has prepared a clever pro- 
gram and record book which was pre- 
sented to the members at their annual 
meeting recently. Quite an interesting 
booklet, with many sports data and other 
activities. . . . The club's star player, 
Erline Lowe, will be unable to defend 
her Coast tennis crown this year. The 
tendon on her right foot snapped while 
she was practicing over at Cal. Everyone 
is pulling for your speedy recoverv, 
Erline! . . . They tell me that Earl Wong, 
who manages a large market in Bakers- 
field, is letting all of his Chinese clerks 
go. They are to be replaced by American 
clerks. Well, well! Why so? . . . We hope 



that Mr. and Mrs. John Louis of Bakers- 
field enjoyed their stay here. Come 
again! . . . Pearl Wong, captain of the 
Chung Wah girls basketball team, with 
Phoebe Wong, May and Edna Yee were 
recently entertained by little Eslin Chinn 
who gave a special performance of her 
Cane dance in their honor. . . . Just a 
fair sized crowd attended the S. F. J. C. 
Dance at the Hotel St. Francis. ... A 
celebrated stage star was scheduled for 
the Chitena New Year's Eve dance, but 
was unable to appear as the "flu" got her 
too. ... A ladies' tag was one of the 
unique features of the Waku Aux. Chi- 
nese New Year Dance. . . . The heavy 
rain and threatened flood in L. A. failed 
to dampen the holiday spirit of the 
dancing crowd at the Lowa New Year's 
dance there. . . . Awards were presented 
to the basketball champions, Nan Wah, 
at the Wah Ying Award Dance. . . . 
Congratulations with orchids to the fol- 
lowing "we - feel - that - way-about-each- 
other," newly-weds and brides and bride- 
grooms-to-be. . . . Herbert Gee and Ada 
Look, Esther Chew and George "Red" 
Wong, Genevieve Chin and Roy Tong, 
Fran Che Lee and Thomas "Gim" Yep, 
Esther Lew and Taft Leung, Holly 
Leung and Dr. Edward Lee, Lucille Soo- 
Hoo and Eugene Yee, Jessie Soo-Hoo 
and Ed Ming, Dora Tom and David Soo 
Hoo. . . . Mrs. Thomas S. Wong gave a 
surprise triple engagement party for the 
last three couples. . . . Angelenos are still 
talking about the lovely Lew-Leung 
wedding. . . . Dashing Wilbur Mar and 
exotic Bo Ling were one of the best Chi- 
nese ballroom dance teams. Their excel- 
lent performance in various exclusive 
nite clubs amazed and delighted many a 
crowd. But the team is no more, for Bo 
Ling couldn't resist the call of the Kleig 
lights and has retired from the team to 
act in the movie once more. . . . Fred 
Quin of L. A. was a recent visitor in 
town. Fred is an excellent long distance 
swimmer, as is his pal, Freddie Lee. . . . 
The plumbing in the apartment over the 
Cathay Club's locker room burst one 
day. Result: uniforms of the whole 
band had to be sent to the cleaners after 
being soaked in the indoor deluge. . . . 
A large delegation attended the annual 
Artists' Parilia Ball held recently at the 
Exposition Auditorium. ... In the gay 
throng were Ed Chan, Victor Young. 
Walter Wong, James R. Lee. David Lee, 
Mary and Wahso Chan, Ira Lee. Miriam 
Lum, Doris Lowe, Pearl Chan. Florence 
Jung, Eva Chan, Helen Fong ami. of 
course, you can't miss big 6 foot 3 Harold 
Hee with his Missus, Stella Wong. Her- 
bert Lee had a swell time. too. banging 



TO "GOOD EARTH" 
with a 

RooaBro* 

SUIT 



For perfect poise and 

relaxation when viewing 

the "GOOD EARTH epic 

an all wool hand tailored 

Thos. Heath, Castlerock, 

"Varsity" or Worsted-Tex 

British Lounge model is 

the vogue. 

There is satisfaction in 

possessing a style-supreme 

long wearing suit from 

RooaBtoa 

MARKET AT STOCKTON 



Chinese Representatives: 

Henry S. Tom 

Dorothy Wing 

Horace Fong (Oakland 1 






March, 1937 



CHINESE DICE ST 



Page 9 



HOLLYWOOD REVIEW 



WHO'S WHO 

AMONG THE CHINESE IN 

"THE GOOD EARTH'' 

Soo Yong is an A.B. from the Uni- 
versity of Hawaii and an M.A. from 
Columbia University. Her major is bot- 
any, and she has taught in high schools. 
She made her bow to America when she 
served as curtain raiser for Mei Lan 
Fang, and America is still loud in praise 
of her fine English diction — "better than 
the best among the English and the 
American." She made history again 
when she appeared as a Manchu prin- 
cess in the picture, "Painted Veil." After 
that performance M-G-M chained her 
by a "Good Earth" contract to play both 
the ancient Mistress and the sloppy 
sharp-tongued aunt. 

Mary Wong is the prettiest Chinese 
girl appearing in "The Good Earth." In 
San Francisco she is a buyer and an ex- 
pert sales manager at the China Em- 
porium, of which she has a partnership. 
In "The Good Earth" she radiated so 
much charm as the Little Bride that no 
cutting of even an inch from her acting 
was possible without removing some- 
thing of the uniqueness from the picture. 
However, they had to make her speech- 
less for the simple reason that Chinese 
brides are supposed to be seen but not 
heard. "That's the most difficult thing 
for me to do — remaining silent," said 
Mary, afterward. 

Keye Luke is known to the world 
through his Charlie Chan series of 
thrillers, in which he plays the Chinese 
detective's son. But a new personality 
emerged in the Elder Son of "The Good 
Earth." The part being more in keeping 
with his personality he did a very fine 
portrayal. Keye was an artist from Seat- 
tle before he took up acting. His paint- 
ing has that subtle touch which charac- 
terizes a Sung. An intellectual of the 



JTU. 




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some very attractive 
offers. Example: Cor- ^ 
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New portables, also all makes. Guaran- 
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months $5.00. This ad good for $2 credit 
if you buy. 

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Some of the Chinese players and technical staff of "The Good Earth." Left 

to right are Roland Lui (Got), Caroline Chew, Chingwah Lee, Mary Wong, 

James Z. M. Lee, Soo Yong, William Law, Lotus Liu and Frank Tang. 



first order, his vocabulary would put the 
average American to shame. An intro- 
vert, he likes a good smoke, a quiet con- 
versation among friends, and a laugh at 
the antics of Sinclair Lewis's children. 

Roland Liu is typical of the second 
generation Chinese — a good athlete, a 
high school graduate, the personification 
of health and pep. Plays football and 
basketball with relish. He received a 
year's training at the Motion Picture 
Academy (with pay) before participat- 
ing in "The Good Earth." 

William Law is a representative to the 
Chinese Six Companies; a Chinese divi- 
sion manager of the Pacific Coast Paper 
Company, and a career man at the Co- 
lumbia Importing Company. A good 
singer, he was on the Orpheum Circuit 



in the good old days before the depres- 
sion. He enjoys a good cigar and a good 
joke — and excels in these two fine arts. 

Caroline Chew is a graduate of Mills 
College, a daughter of the late famous 
Chung Sa Yat Po publisher, Ng Poon 
Chew. She studied dancing under both 
European and Oriental masters and has 
given many concerts here and in the 
East. She plays the part of a dancer in 
"The Good Earth" tea house scene. 

Lotus Lui is from Shanghai and was 
(Continued on Page 20) 



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Page IP 



CHINESE DICE ST 



March, 1937 



THE JADE BOX 



P'ing Yu 



COLOR— CHAFING TO 
CLUBWOMEN 

Just when the world, the intelligent 
world, was getting nauseated with the 
patriotic purity purgings and the shame- 
ful spread of race hatred among the less 
democratic nations, and when we were 
vociferously praising the more enlight- 
ened ways of life and government in this 
country where we can still doff our hats 
to whomever we like, this had to happen 
to take the joy out of life. The "color 
line" once more became a point of issue 
and definitely caused a battle in the 
ranks of local American clubwomen 
when the constitution of the City and 
County Federation of Women's Clubs 
was amended to bar non-Caucasian clubs 
from membership. Some of the much 
heated clubwomen, doing considerable 
chest-heaving, said that though they 
would be willing to work for "colored 
women," they wished — oh, so ardendy 
— to reserve the right to choose their own 
club friends, and so on, ad nauseum. 

It's just this high and mighty "holier 
than thou" attitude of "working for" 
and not "working with" people that 
makes this world so divided in spirit. 
I am sorry for the Federation. It had a 
wonderful chance, in this cosmopolitan 
San Francisco, to make world history for 
the cause of international peace and good 
will, but that's gone with the wind. 

I don't like living alone, so I think I 
shall join the Commonwealth Club. Its 
members are talking of an Asia House 
where they can expand their inter-racial 
contacts — with no constitutional amend- 
ment to restrict them! I doff my bonnet 
to Mrs. Richard Simons, Mrs. W. F. C. 
Zimmerman, Mrs. Letitia Farber and 
Mrs. S. S. Abrams, leaders in the losing 
batde. Thank goodness, I can still do 
that. 

• • 

PEACEMINDEDNESS 

Speaking of peace and goodwill, 500 
people braved a driving rainstorm to 
get to Dreamland Auditorium on a re- 
cent evening to hear Maude Royden 
(only woman D. D. in England), and 
Sherwood Eddy, both eminent workers 
for world peace, tell them to keep Amer- 
ica out of war and to keep war out of the 
world. 

War is not only poor business but it 
makes the world less safe for democracy, 
as we have already learned. War gives 
nothing, takes everything, and costs like 
anything. Woman can prevent war if 
they make up their minds not to send 
their sons to be killed for other people's 
quarrels. And, we can all fight it by 
(Continued on Page 11) 



FASHION TIDBITS 
Prevue of the Easter Parade 

Spring is here And how do we know ? 
In the midst of February sunshine and 
showers, haven't we seen a sprig of 
daphne pinned to a smart lapel (or if 
you'll digest the latest Paris note, you'll 
be doubly smart by pinning on two 
boutonnieres, one for each of your own 
smart lapels) and aren't hyacinths and 
tulips, true forerunners of spring, bloom- 
ing gaily in florist show windows: 

But we aren't too enchanted by the 
season's loveliness to note that brilliant, 
flower-splashed prints are appearing all 
over the landscape from smart Grant 
Avenue stores to equally smart Market 
Street shops. And for you blessed souls 
who are determined to have your Easter 
outfit in all its glory and perfection it 
isn't a bit too early to plan it now. 

To begin with, choose the basic note 
of your costume, and mind that cos- 
tumes are THE essential this year. The 
standard trio is navy, beige, and grey, 
with perhaps the first two running a 
shade ahead in milady's favor . . . any- 
how you can't go wrong with any of 
them. For those fair one (and we mean 
"fair" both literally and figuratively) an 
experiment with the new thistle shade 
might prove helpful. This definitely es- 



tablished color is a cross between a dulled 
orchid and ashes-of-roses. And it com- 
bines beautifully with navy. 

Now you can let your imagination 
run rampant on your splashy prints or 
solid color dresses. Boleros and reding- 
otes can't be beaten in point of popular- 
ity. Necklines are either very high or 
very low. They may be trimmed with 
lingerie touches or unadorned .... 
that's up to you. Skirt lengths vary from 
13 to 14 inches from the ground. For 
you 'n me, 12 or 13 inches are dandy. 
Don't be afraid of shortening your last 
year's skirts ... a few inches may be the 
difference between your looking "Oh, 
pret-ty good" and really chic. 

Suits are going bigger than ever in 
the fashion limelight BUT get yours 
with excellent fabric and tailoring be- 
cause it is something you'll derive joy 
from each time it returns from a trip to 
the cleaner's . . . it'll have that "just 
bought today' look. The charming feat- 
ure about suits is that you can vary them 
with a change of accessories . . . that's 
real economy. AND, speaking of ac- 
cessories, those are all-important little 
things that can make or mar an outfit. 
Hats, thank heaven, are styled with the 
idea of being becoming as well as attrac- 
Continued on Page 11) 



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March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 



THE ]ADE BOX 



GOOD RICE 

AND HOW TO COOK IT 



handed down from generation to gener- 
ation, the question of how much water 
should be used is answered by "experi- 
ence" — depending on the grade and type 
of rice used — and, ladies, therein lies the 
secret of cooking rice that is rice and not 
mush. It is, however, safe to say that 
the amount of water should not rise 
more than one to one and a half inches 
above the grains. 

The pot is put on a medium fire. Al- 
low it to simmer rapidly until all the 
water has evaporated. Refrain from lift- 
ing cover to peek at it, but as soon as you 
hear it crackling, turn the fire very low. 

Your worries are now over. You may 
tune in on Ben Bernie or even finish a 
few squares of that quilt you started — 
was it last Spring? 

Come back in 20 minutes. Lift up the 
cover, and you have a pot of rice fit for 
the KING — of your household and your 
heart! 

FASHION TIDBITS 

(Continued from Page 10) 
tively feminine to all of us rather than 
to just a few. We've previewed the new 
collection and, take our word for it, it's 
de-lovely. 

Luise Rainer as O-lan in the "Good 
Earth" does not have to worry about her 
clothes from one season to another, but, 



Beggar, commoner, lord, or king, one 
can hardly resist a bowl of steaming hot 
rice. So it was with Wang Lung in "The 
Good Earth." Perhaps you wondered 
how he could relish so many bowls of 
rice — why, you even thought: it's just 
like eating plain boiled potatoes with 
neither salt, cream, nor butter. 

Ah! But Wang Lung is eating rice 
prepared the way it has been prepared 
for as many thousands of years in China 
as you can count on your ten little fingers 
— the way the finest culinary wizards 
prepared it for the emperors — the way 
the peasant woman cooks it for her fam- 
ily — the way we cook it in San Fran- 
cisco's Chinatown. 

We think of it as a simple everyday 
operation. But many of us have often 
asked, "How do YOU Chinese cook 
rice?" 

To which we endeavor to explain: 

First, use an ordinary covered pot, 
NOT a double boiler. Next, the grains 
must be cleaned and rinsed until the 
water runs clear. (China rice is a finer, 
smaller and shorter grain, and not as 
glutinous as Texas or California rice.) 

Since the art of Chinese cooking is 

CONGRATULATIONS 

CHINESE TALENTS IN THE "GOOD EARTH" 

Direct importers of Chinese fine arts, antique, brocades, 

embroideries, Mandarin coats and skirts, Chinese garments made 

to order, jewelries. 



PEACEMINDEDNESS 

(Continued from Page 10) 
making the world peaceminded by con- 
verging on these three fronts: educa- 
tion, organization, and paying for peace. 
After all, isn't it better to pay for peace 
than to pay for war? Authoress Kath- 
leen Norris, chairman of the meeting, 
thought so and so did I. As a matter of 
fact, who doesn't? Only, we need people 
to help us think so, especially people like 
Maude Royden and Sherwood Eddy. 

Chinese philosophy, too, can help us 
on the road toward peacemindeness. 
Twenty-three hundred years ago the 
great Mencius made this observation: 
"There has never been a good war, 
though some may be considered as being 
better than others. Those who are skilled 
in fighting should suffer the highest pun- 
ishment. Even if they should succeed in 
conquering a whole empire, they could 
not keep it a single day." 

World history since Mencius' time has 
amply proven how true this philoso- 
pher's words were. 

fortunately or unfortunately, you 'n I 
have to. We've previewed the coming 
trend in feminine fashions, and your 
Easter will be all the more happier if 
you choose the proper costume to wear. 



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Page 12 



CHINESE DICEST 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA 



March, 1937 



AN INSIDE VIEW OF A 
MOTION PICTURE STUDIO 

An interview with Mr. Frank Tang, 
art technician, "The Good Earth," 
M-G-M Studios, Culver City, Calif. 

A great deal of glamour is wrapped 
around Hollywood and a great deal of 
praise is lavished on the picture stars, 
yet there is a large group of people in 
the studio that seldom gets into the 
papers but who have much to do to 
bring the motion picture industry to 
where it stands today. A studio will 
spare no expense to get at the authen- 
ticity of a scene, and they will comb the 
far corners of the world to obtain the 
original background for a worthwhile 
picture. 

"The Good Earth" is considered one 
of these painstaking productions, re- 
quiring three years to complete and an 
expenditure of over two and a half mil- 
lion dollars. 

Before the production of "The Good 
Earth" was started, 200,000 feet of film 
were taken in China to guide the work 
of the art department of M-G-M in 
building the sets for the picture. Exten- 
sive research into the customs of China 
for the past 40 years was undertaken to 
insure the authenticity of the scenes in 
the picture. 

Sociological Data called on Mr. Frank 
Tang, artist, calligrapher, and a member 
of the technical staff of the art depart- 
ment of M-G-M to describe some of the 
'behind the stage" scenes of a motion 
picture production for the readers of the 
Chinese Digest. 

Mr. Tang has spent something like 15 
years in the motion picture mecca, be- 
ginning as a screen extra and working 
up to his present position. He is one of 
the very, very few Chinese who knows 
all the intricate and complicated machin- 
ery which is necessary in the making of 
pictures. But let Mr. Tang speak in his 
own words. 

"When the script of the picture is ap- 
proved by the producers and a director 
has been selected," relates Mr. Tang, "it 
goes to the art department first — this de- 
partment is often called the intelligence 
department in the studios. The head of 
the art department finds the most capa- 
ble unit art directors to supervise the 
drafting of the plans for construction. 
These unit art directors consult with the 
artists and draftsmen and have the mod- 
els of the various sets built. These sets 
are submitted to the director of produc- 
tion for approval. 

"At this point the camera angles are 



LIM P. LEE 




The street scene during the revolution as depicted in "The Good Earth." 
The banners by Frank Tang furnish the real Chinese touch, saving M-G-M 
thousands of dollars by eliminating the necessity of an elaborate set. 



worked out to guide the director and 
the cameraman. If so approved by them, 
such plans are moved to the construc- 
tion department. When the construction 
department completes the job, the as- 
sembling is done in the mill and prop- 
erly painted. The property department 
sends the 'props' over and the 'set is 
dressed.' Then the actors are called in 
and the set is ready for shooting." 

"What constitutes a 'set' in Holly- 
wood?" I asked Mr. Tang. 

"A set is a complete atmosphere where 
action can take place, such as the Chi- 
nese village in "The Good Earth" lo- 
cated at Chatsworth, or Wang Lung's 
farmhouse in that village, or the Shrine 
of the gods. All these are sets." 

Since the coming of talking pictures 
a great deal of progress has been made 
in the sound work of the movies. The 
music to accompany a production like 
"The Good Earth" must have been a 
complicated matter, so I asked Mr. Tang 
to comment on this phase of motion pic- 
ture production, since "The Good 
Earth" being foreign in background 
must have rendered the task an exceed- 
ingly difficult one. 

"The musical score was made by Mr. 
Herbert Stothart, who has done success- 
ful work in such productions as 'Rose- 
Marie,' 'Naughty Marietta,' 'Night at 
the Opera,' and others. Mr. Sothart's 
plan was to use Occidental principles in 
music, work for dramatic effects through 
instrumentation, and bring the Chinese 
flavor with subtle introduction of 
minors, and changes in tempo, and in 



some cases melodic strains based on Chi- 
nese themes. The music scoring was 
done by an American orchestra with a 
group of Chinese musicians playing na- 
tive music. The Chinese were asked to 
play by themselves, then the Americans 
tried to play the Chinese melodies so 
that the composers could get the idea 
of Chinese music in their head. This is 
the chief reason why 'The Good Earth' 
is more true to the music of China than 
any other Chinese picture so far shown 
on the American screen." 

"Who were the technicians, men and 
women who were responsible for the 
production of "The Good Earth' but of 
whom we do not read about in the 
papers?" Mr. Tang was asked. 

"There's Mrs. Cedric Gibbons, the 
head of the art department of M-G-M, 
and the unit art directors, the Messrs, 
Harry Oliver. Arnold Gillespie, and Ed- 
win B. Willis, all conscientious workers 
whom I have enjoyed working with. 
There's Mr. John Arnold, camera chief 
whose 'light library' gave many new 
camera angles to Mr. Karl Freund, A. S. 
C, chief cameraman of the production. 
He is one ot Europe's greatest camera- 
men. The scenarist was Miss Fra 
Marion, and Mr. Frank Messenger was 
the capable production manager. Tl 
arc a tew of the 'unsung heroes' of 'The 
Good Earth.' The recording director 
was Douglas Shearer. Among our own 
people on the technical staff were Major 
General Tu Ting I [sui, Mr. lames Zee — 
Min Lee. .\nd Yet On. the practical 
farmer, who built the Chinese farm at 
Chatsworth." 

( Continued on Page 17) 



March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



CHINA'S CREDIT STANDING 

The national unification of China has 
stabilized her finances and her credit 
standing abroad is sound. Unofficial re- 
ports from Nanking stated that China 
has paid $200,000,000 Chinese currency 
on her foreign loans in 1936. It is also 
reliably reported that China has $300,- 
000,000 in foreign banks in China and 
another $500,000,000 abroad based on 
bullion and foreign securities. 

The three government banks, namely, 
the Bank of China, the Central Bank of 
China, and the Bank of Communica- 
tions have been operating exchange in 
a favorable manner after having been 
granted the right by the government to 
buy and sell foreign exchange in un- 
limited quantity dictated by the needs 
of changing conditions. The funds in 
the foreign banks enable the government 
to cover its foreign trade balances ade- 
quately. 

The monetary system in China seems 
to be firmly established since its inaugu- 
ration in November, 1935, and the na- 
tionalization of private silver holdings 
enabled the Ministry of Finance to give 
to China a managed currency, and the 
Chinese yuan for the past year has been 
consistently maintained in the neighbor- 
hood of $29.75 gold. 

The profits of the government banks 
for 1936 were, Central Bank of China, 
$10,000,000; Bank of Communications, 
$10,000,000; the Bank of China, $3,000,- 
000. 

• • 

Shanghai, China— Mr. T. J. Holt, 
vice-president and general manager of 
Shanghai United Amusements, Inc., ar- 
rived in the United States recendy 
aboard the Empress of Japan, to spend 
a year abroad in the interests of the Chi- 
nese Ministry of Education. 

A pioneer in the Chinese cinema in- 
dustry, Mr. Holt was appointed to make 
a study of the American and European 
moving picture industry and will spend 
considerable time in Hollywood and 
New York. He is also endeavoring to 
interest Hollywood in sending their 
script containing Chinese parts to China 
for approval, thus eliminating much of 
the censorship placed on American films 
due to unfavorable impressions por- 
trayed of the Chinese. 

The "Good Earth" is the first picture 
to be accorded official Chinese apprvoal. 

He was greeted while in San Francisco 
by his son, John, who is enrolled at the 
University of California. 



RAILROAD PROGRESS IN CHINA 

A series of foreign loans have been 
concluded recently by the Ministry of 
Railway in Nanking for further railroad 
developments in China. A loan was con- 
cluded with the Campagnie Generale de 
Chemin de Fer et Tramways en Chine, 
a Belgian concern, for $5,000,000 for the 
purchase of railway materials for the 
extension of the Lunghai railway from 
Paochi in Shensi province to Chengtu 
in Szechuan province. A French syndi- 
cate, the Banqua Franco-Chinoise pour 
le Commerce et L'Industrie, will furnish 
$34,000,000 to build a railway from 
Chungking, at the head of the Yangtse, 
to Chengtu. Chinese capital will advance 
$20,000,000 to complete the project. 

From the British Boxer Indemnity 
Funds, $13,500,000 were obtained for 
railway materials for the Canton-Han- 
kow Railway in an agreement between 
the Ministry of Railway and the Board 
of Trustees for the administration of that 
Fund, the Hangkong and Shanghai 
Banking Corp., and the Jardine Engi- 
neering Corp. A dispatch from Berlin 
also reported that the German firms con- 
sisting of Ferrostahl, Friedrick Krupp, 
Stahlunion-Export and Otto Wolf have 
concluded an agreement to build a 625 
mile line from Chuchow, Hunan prov- 
ince, to Kweiyang, Kweichow province. 

ALONG CHINA'S 
ECONOMIC FRONT 

China is the United States' best cus- 
tomer in airplanes for 1936, according to 
the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. China 
bought $6,872,000 worth of airplanes in 
1936 as compared with $4,590,000 in 
1935. 

• • 

The Chinese National Aviation Cor- 
poration in a 10-month report from Jan- 
uary to October stated that the company 
had flown 2,018,064kilometers in 1936 
as compared with 1,906,452 kilometers 
in 1935, and carried 14,817 passengers 
in 1936 as compared with 1 1,004 in 1935. 
However freight dropped from 75,045 
kilograms in 1935 to 60,541 in 1936. 

• • 

The Min Foong Paper Manufacturing 
Co. of Shanghai is out to capture some 
of China's $2,000,000 cigarette paper 
trade. They were producing 1,500 reams 
daily or 420,000 reams annually. The 
company doubled its machinery to pro- 
duce 840,000 reams this year. 



SAMPAN NOTES FROM CHINA 

Nanking, China — It is reported that 
the Ministry of Finance has recently ac- 
ceded to the request of the United States 
Department of Commerce for refunds of 
duties paid on American films but which 
were rejected by the Central Board of 
Film Censors. The decision of the Min- 
istry will be made public as soon as the 
approval of the Central Publicity Bureau 
is secured. 

• • 

Products valued over $20,000,000 were 
turned out by Kwantung Province fac- 
tories. Some of the leading products were 
sugar commodities, $7,000,000; cement, 
$6,000,000 and wolfram ores, $3,000,000. 

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Page 14 



CHINESE DICE ST 



March, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



CONGRATULATIONS 
MARY WONG 

as Little Bride' in Good Earth 
and our Sales Director 



CHINA EMPORIUM 

' DIRECT IMPORTERS 
Wholesale and Retail 



Goods from all parts of Ghina 
733 GRANT AVE. S. F., CALIF. 




(Continued, from Page 7) 
and the body or garments are covered 
with patterns of pierced work. The pup- 
pets in use in Java today are probably 
derived from figures of this period. I 
have no doubt but that some form of 
"mickey mouse" was shown at that 
time, especially when one recalls this 
popular nursery rhyme: 

"Cry and laugh, cry and laugh; 
While mousey crosses the bridge 
And flies perform the Mass." 
The highest form of Chinese screen 
drama is reached with the "all-color 
talkies." This is done by using variously 
colored horn sheets to form the puppets. 
These sheets are derived from the horns 
of the water buffalo and are of the same 
material as those used in the famous 
horn lanterns of China. They resemble 
cellophane, but are stiff and heavier. 

The puppets are generally bare figures 
with hooks on the bodv and limbs for the 



attachment of garments, slots across the 
hands for insertion of tools or weapons, 
and notches on the head for attachment 
of hats or caps, and even for beards and 
whiskers. Facial features are painted on 
with Chinese ink. 

There is generally one manipulator for 
each puppet appearing on the screen, 
and he gives the lines of his characters 
as well. The voice is identified with the 
character by appropriate gestures as well 
as by certain conventions, such as a low 
voice for a general and a falsetto for a 
lady. It is necessary for the figures to be 
very close to the screen for the colors to 
show through as well as to have sharp 
definition. For this reason the puppets 
are moved by bamboo sticks attached at 
right angles to the figure instead of by 
strings from above. On the screen a very 
pleasing pastel effect is produced. 

In this connection it is interesting to 
note that a form of "radio play" is given 



in China by the wealthy for the enter- 
tainment of their guests. A loud 
speaker" or megaphone is placed so that 
the mouth piece would communicate 
with an adjacent room or a closet. Gen- 
erally one performer gives the entire 
play, although sometimes several enter- 
tainers participate. A good actor could 
produce many sound effects with little 
mechanical aid. 

The plays uiven are so similar to the 
modern radio play .is to require no (k 
scription except that thej are longer. In 
comparison with the traditional Chines 
drama it is more exciting and is given 
in the colloquial dialect. A clever enter- 
tainer will often make up his plav as lie 
goes along, choosing the host's hom< as 
the setting. Sometimes an imaginary es 
capade or burglary is described, with 
different members of the patty drawn 
into the ilra ma, the lover or thid dodg 
ing others from room to room. 



March, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 15 



CHINATOWNIA 



A WORLD FAMOUS CHINESE 
WROTE THIS 

The Gee Tuck Sam Tuck Chung 
Rung Saw is an organization compos- 
ed of three different clans who have 
binded themselves together for mutual 
interests and protection, the Choys, 
Ngs, and Jues. The local as well as 
the national headquarters are located 
in San Francisco's Chinatown, on Wa- 
verly Place (called by Chinese the 
Street of the T'ien Hau Temple). After 
more than a year's efforts and through 
the offices of influential members of 
the group in Nanking, the Association 
was able to get Generalissimo Chiang 
Kai-shek, premier of China, to write 
the above Chinese characters, which is 
the name of the association. 

This having been written, Chiang's 
calligraphy was indented into a costly 
slab of marble and brought over here 
Before taking out the old and putting 
in the new sign, the association cleaned 
the face of the building, lest not e- 
nough honor be shown the personage 
who wrote the name in marble. 

Now this new marble sign looks 
down on the street from the top floor 
of the association headquarters. Gen. 
Chiang signed the title with his second 
name, Chiang Chung-Ching. 

It is the proud boast of the Gee 
Tuck Association that their title is the 
only one so written by China's most 
famous soldier and statesman. 

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&WILBERT WONG 



W. JACK CHOWgi 




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rjge 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



March, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



HOSPITALIZATION FIGURES 

SAN FRANCISCO.— A total of 556 
patients, including private and charity 
patients, were admitted for treatment 
and hospitalization at the community's 
Chinese Hospital here during 1936. 
Treatment of private or pay patients 
totaled 4808 days, while part-pay pa- 
tients totaled 856 days. Two hundred 
seventy-six visits were recorded in the 
out-patient clinic. 

Babies born in the hospital totaled 71, 
including 34 boys and 37 girls. The 
number of deaths in the hospital for the 
whole year was 67. 

Mr. Lee Sing Hing, well-known mer- 
chant, heads the board of 15 directors 
for the year 1937. 



The Chinese Motor Manufacturing 
Company with a capital of $6,000,000 
has been organized at Pang Sung Yuan 
in Nantao (a suburb of Shanghai) and 
has already commenced operations. With 
the co-operation of a German firm, it will 
produce 100 trucks a month. 



CLEVELAND, MISS.— The Chinese 
community here, under the leadership of 
the Rev. S. Y. Lee, has been campaign- 
ing for several months to raise funds 
with which to build a Chinese language 
school for the children of the residents. 
Thus far the contributions from Ameri- 
can friends and business concerns as well 
as the Chinese in surrounding cities 
have been encouraging. One meat com- 
pany, the Abraham Bros. Packing Co., 
has pledged that for every dollar spent 
by Chinese in their store during 1937 
one-half cent will go toward this Chi- 
nese school fund. This company does 
an annual trade of $200,000 among the 
Chinese throughout the state. 



St. John's University in Shanghai, 
once strictly a man's academy of learn- 
ing, has turned co-educational. Its first 
Dean of Women is Mrs. Caroline Tsu, 



wife of Y. Y. Tsu, well-known educator. 
Some of China's national leaders today 
are graduates of St. John's. 



AFTER 

THE 

GOOD 

EARTH 

COMES 

GOOD 

LIQUOR 

GOOD 

SERVICE 

GOOD 

TIMES 

AT THE 

TWIN DRAGON 



CONGRATULATIONS TO GOOD EARTH NUMBER 
AND TO NEW EDITOR WILLIAM HOY 




Father Wang, Wang Lung, and Ching 



DR. CHANG WAH LEE 

DENTIST 



750 Grant Avenue 



San Francisco 



March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 17 



CHINATOWNIA 



CHINESE DISCOVERIES AND 
INVENTIONS 

(Continued from Page 6) 

moulding into wafers. Its taste closely 
resembles the white of salted duck's 
eggs. It serves essentially as a condiment 
for the rice gruel. 

The Chinese anticipated Metchni- 
koffs idea of adding lactic bacillus (the 
bacteria found in the digestive tract of 
healthy, aged Bulgarians) to milk. A 
Chinese mother, on the first birthday of 
her child, would bring a bowl of rice 
gruel to a healthy old man and ask him 
to taste it before feeding it to her infant. 
The idea is to let a bit of his saliva enter 
the food, thus giving the child the "es- 
sence of long life!" Chinese mothers 
also indirectly modify the milk diet of 
their children. Infants are given bits of 
"wan pin ko," a wafer of rice flour and 
sugar. 

The question arises as to why the Chi- 
nese rejected the valuable milk complex 
of her neighbors. The general explana- 
tion by the Chinese is that humane 
reasons prevented them from eating beef 
or taking milk from their beasts of bur- 
den (the water buffalo is used in plow- 
ing). This is, of course, rationalization 
to hide the natural tendency of human 
beings to reject what is foreign to their 
scheme of things. But it is a rationaliza- 
tion which has gained currency. Public 
opinion is so strong against the slaugh- 
tering of water buffalo (the cattle of the 
Orient) that mobs have been known to 
seize and destroy beef when found; and 
magistrates will have the culprits 
flogged. 

A more likely reason is economic. The 
Chinese have found by long experience 
that hogs may be raised on less ground 
than cattle. It will eat nearly every kind 
of food. In addition, the soy bean culture 
has already a firm foothold in China, 
and it parallels milk in all its various 
forms — cheese, butter, milk, and junket 
— and this hinders the transplantation of 
a foreign rival. 

A remote reason lies in the hyper-sen- 
sitive smell of the Chinese toward cer- 
tain types of odor. Cattle, sheep, yak, 
and buffalo are said to have a peculiarly 
disgusting odor called "so," a word 
which might be translated as "rancid" 
or "cheesy." All cattle raisers and beef 
eaters have this odor and only "messa 
men" can detect it. Pearl Buck, in her 
book "The Exile," tells of Chinese who 
preferred death by starvation to eating 
cheese within their reach. 




Hon. Consul-Ceneral and Mrs. C. 
C. Huang at the World Premiere of 
the "Good Earth". Many notables 
and stars were present. Some $15,- 
000 were spent in lining the avenue 
leading to the Carthay Circle Theater 
with properties from the Good Earth 
Set. 



Reference: Chinese Materia Medica, 
by B. E. Read, French Book Store. Pen 
Ts'ao of the Ming Dynasty, by Li Shih- 
chen. Man and Culture, by Clark Wiss- 
ler. Read also Chinese Soy Bean Cul- 
ture, soon to appear in these columns. 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA— 

(Continued from Page 12) 

Changing the subject, I maneuvered 
Mr. Frank Tang in discussing the possi- 
bilities of the Chinese making motion 
pictures in Hollywood and elsewhere. 
He answered: 

"The Chinese have a great opportun- 
ity to learn how to make good pictures if 
they know how to go about it. The big 
asset is that they are so near Hollywood. 
Foreign companies with large financial 
backing get Hollywood studios to help 
them, and they even send their men 
right to Hollywood to study." 

"Well, what about the 'closed shop' 
in Hollywood?" 

"The Chinese could organize their 
own companies," he answered, "and em- 
ploy Hollywood technicians to advise 
and guide them in their productions, but 
the Chinese must produce English- 
speaking pictures in order to make 
money. The market for Cantonese pic- 
tures is too small. If the Chinese utilize 
American talent and technical skill and 
produce English-speaking pictures, they 
can increase their box-office receipts. 
With an increase in revenue, the Chinese 
can train their own technical staff em- 
ploying American instructors. The over- 
seas Chinese can experiment with this 
project first, and when they are success- 
ful they can return to China and help in 
the motion picture industry back home." 



Affiliated Shop 








Telephone 


NATHAN BENTZ 








Sutter 4652 


Santa Barbara, Cal. 










NATHAN 


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Philip G. 


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Page 18 



CHINESE DICEST 



March, 1937 



SPORTS 



Fr*d George Woo 



THREE NANWAH PLAYERS 
ON FIRST ALL-STARS 

Going through the entire league 
schedule without a defeat, the Nan- 
wah A.C. of San Francisco won the 
second annual Wah Ying Bay Re- 
gion Chinese Basketball champion- 
ship tournament, which was recently 
concluded after seven weeks of play 
at the Kezar Pavilon and the Burke's 
Gym. Nanwah's record was six wins, 
and as a result of the winning of the 
title, was awarded the perpetual 
trophy and gold medals. 

Shangtai Coffee Shop, with a rec- 
ord of five victories and one loss, 
captured second position, with the 
Troop Three Scouts in third place 
and the Chinese Y.M.C.A. fourth. 

With no official all-stars to be 
picked by the league sponsor, the 
sports department of the Chinese 
Digest presents a first and second 
string mythical all-stars: 

First team: Forwards: Fred H. 
Wong, Nanwah, and John Wong, 
Shangtai. Center: George Lee, Nan- 
wah. Guards: Fred Gok, Nanwah, 
and Stephen Way, St. Mary's. 

Second team: Forwards: Francis 
H. Chin, Scouts, and Allen Lee Po, 
Shangtai. Center: Earl W°ng. 
Guards: Ted Chin, Chinese "Y", 
and Don Lee Yuen, Scouts. 

There were many players who 
merited much consideration in the 
selections, and were hard to leave 
off the two squads. There were such 
outstanding performers as Charles 
Louie, Chan Ying; Silas Chinn, St. 
Mary's; Richard Wong, St. Mary's; 
Henry Kan, Scouts; Albert S. Lee, 
Nanwah; and a few others at for- 
wards: Herbert Tom, Chinese "Y' 
and William Chan, Chan Ying, at 
center; and such stalwart guards as 
George Wong, Nanwah; Daniel 
Leong and Alfred Gee, of Nulite; 
Edwin Chan of Chan Ying; and 
Thomas Yep of the Chinese "Y" 
five. Placing of any of the above 
mentioned men would not in any way 
weaken the strength of either the 
first or second teams. 
League standings: 

Team W. L. 

Nanwah 6 

Shangtai 5 1 

Troop Three 4 2 

Chinese "Y" 3 3 

St. Marv's 2 4 

Chan Ying 1 5 

Nulite 6 



GAME AND DANCE 
AT HANFORD 

Bakersfield's Cathayans basket- 
ball team managed to eke out the fas t 
and diminutive Hanford Students 
Club by a score of 31-27 after an 
overtime period. Members of the 
student clum team are: James 
Dunn, Henry Leong, Ernie Wing, 
Dorian Lew, Woodrow Wing, Will- 
iam Ying, Charles Quinn, William 
Dung, Gilbert Lee, Richard Wing 
and Frank Ko. 

Following the game, a gala time 
was had by all those attending the 
dance at the Veteran Memorial 
Hall at Hanford, dancing to the 
soft, sweet music of The Roser's. 

The dance, sponsored as the first 
social undertaking of the newly-or- 
ganized Chinese student club, was 
under the leadership of the follow- 
ing officers: James Dunn, president; 
Grace Ying, vice-president; Maye 
Gong, secretary; William Lowe, 
treasurer; and Henry Leong, man- 
ager of athletics. 

SPORTSHORTS 

William Wong (You Kwock^ of 
San Francisco is a professional 
fighter, battling under the name of 
Young William. He's been fighting 
quite regularly, and is a fair pros- 
pect to make a name for himself . . . 
On the West Alameda ground of 
the Golden Gate Gun Club, several 
Chinese have been ranking high in 
skeet shooting. They are Mack 
Soo Hoo, Dr. D. K. Chang, and Art 
Wong. Dr. Chang is quite a trap 
shooter, also . . . Hock Ong, by win- 
ning his matches, led the Berkeley 
Badminton Club to the Northern 
California Badminton League title 
at Oakland last month. Together 
with George Lee they won the Uni- 
versity Badminton championship for 
the Chinese Student Club. Ong is 
a former student at Cambridge Uni- 
versity and was runner-up for the 
All-England championship last year 
. . . Both the Shangtai and Nanwah 
quintets have been eliminated from 
championship consideration in the 
San Francisco Recreation Cage 
League . . . Robert Chin, Edwin 
Bing Dong and Paul Oka of the 
Chinese C.Y.O. (St. Mary's) took 
part in the P. A. A. Junior boxing 
tournament, and did quite well in 
(Continued on Page 20) 



FRANCIS CHIN CAPTURES 
HIGH SCORING HONORS 

Francis Hin Chin of the Troop 
Three Scouts, by scoring a total of 
61 points, captured high scoring 
honors in the recent Wah Ying Cage 
Tournament. Second place went to 
George Lee of Nanwah, third place 
was taken by Fred Wong, also of 
Nanwah. Johnny Wong of Shangtai 
took fourth by tanking fifty digits. 

Following are the players who 
scored twenty points or more in the 
league: Francis H. Chin, Troop 
Three, 61; George Lee, Nanwah, 57; 
Fred Wong, Nanwah, 56; Johnny 
Wong, 50; Allen Lee Po, Shangtai, 
48; Earl Wong, Troop Three, 47; 
Chauncey Yip, Shangtai, 44; Rich- 
ard Wong, St. Mary's, 42; Herbert 
Tom, Chinese "Y", 39; Henry Kan, 
Troop Three, 35; Albert S. Lee, 
Nanwah, 34; Silas Chin, St. Mary's, 
33; Ted Chin, Chinese "Y", 31; 
Charles Louie, Chan Ying, 31; Bing 
Chin, Chinese "Y", 29; Charles Low, 
St. Mary's, 28; Henry Mew, Chan 
Ying, 28; Philip Chinn, Troop 
Three, 28; Charlie Hing. Shangtai, 
27; Frank Lee, Chinese "Y", 25; Don 
Lee Yuen, Troop Three, 24; Fred 
Gok, Nanwah, 24; William Chan, 
Chan Ying, 23; Wilfred Jue Yuen, 
Nulite, 22; Edwin Chan, Chan Ying, 
22; Stephen Way, St. Mary's, 21; 
Murphy Quon, Shangtai, 20. 
• • 

ST. MARY'S WALLOPS 
O.C.A.C. HOOPMEN 

By a score of 30-19. the St. Mary's 
A.C. basketeers handed the Oakland 
Chinese A.C. a trimming at the 
French Court on Sunday, February 
14, in a Chinese New Year's basket- 
ball attraction. 

With Charles Low leading the at- 
tack, the Saints forged to an early 
lead from which they were never 
headed. Jimmy Chew, Richard Wong 
and Stephen also played bang-up 
ball for the winners. The losers' out- 
standing performer was Gum Wong, 
center. 

In the preliminary, the St. M.irv's 
twenties lost to the Chung Wah Chi- 
nese School '20s. Final score was 
26-19. For the winning outfit, 
George Lee and Fay Lee starred, 
while for St. Mary's, Charles Low 
and Otto Fung gave creditable per- 
formances. 



March, 1937 



CHINESE D '. « E S T 



Page 19 



SPORTS 



CHINESE "Y" VARSITY 

Led by Bing Chin and Frank 
Wong, forwards, the Chinese 
Y.M.C.A. varsity hoopsters nosed 
out the S.F.J. C. Chinese, 26-23 at 
the French Court, Sunday night, 
Feb. 21. 

On defense, Thomas Yep starred 
for the winners. Stephen Way and 
Arthur Yim stood out for the junior 
collegians. 

In the main preliminary, the Chi- 
nese "Y" junior varsity lost to Fran- 
cisco Junior High School. Final 
tally was 20-19. Ye Foo tanked the 
winning goal for the school team. 

The Chinese "Y" 80's scored an 
8-4 victory over the Flying Eagles 
in another preliminary tilt. Maurice 
Young and Henry Sing Wong were 

outstanding for the winning five. 

• • 

GOLF HANDICAP TOURNEY 

The third annual Chinese Golf 
Handicap Tournament this year is 
scheduled for Feb. 28. With the 
contestants qualifying on Feb. 20 to 
allow time for handicap adjust- 
ments, a large field is expected. 

Trophies have been donated by 
the Emporium and the National 
Dollar Stores, while golf balls will 
be sought by those left out of the 
running. The trophies have been 
displayed, according to the commit- 
tee. 

Information for joining the golf 
tourney were to have been obtained 
from M.C.C. Wing, Dr. James Hall, 
or Thomas Leong, at the Postal 
Office, at Grant Avenue and Sacra- 
mento Street. 

Match play will begin Sunda • 
February 28, at noon. No gallery 
fee. Sixteen contestants. 
• • 

SPRING TENNIS TOURNA- 
MENT STARTS ON MARCH 20 

Sponsored by Chinese Consul 
General C. C. Huang, the first 
Spring Chinese Tennis Tournament 
will get under way on Saturday, 
March 20. Under the auspices of 
the Chinese Tennis Club, the tour- 
ney will conclude on March 27. 

It has been announced that first 
and second permanent prizes will 
be awarded in the various events. 

Further details may be obtained 
at the Chinese Tennis Club at 876 
Sacramento Street, from Hattie 
Hall. 




__ Chinese Digest Photo 

CHINATOWNS KNIGHTS OF THE HARMONIOUS FISTS IN ACTION 
Two pictures showing St. Mary's Chinese boxing team in practice in the 
gymnasium of the Chinese Catholic Center. The flyweights are, left, Joe 
Yew and Richard Tung (lower picture), while the heavier sockers are Edwin 
Bing Chin and Robert Chin. 

The boxing team is coached by Sammy Lee, formerly known in professional 
fight circles as Hip Sing Lee. Sammy is entering his proteges in the coming 
CYO (Catholic Youth Organiation) boxing tournament, and his hopes are 
high. Besides the four boys shown above, Sammy has another dozen in 
active training. 



Page 20 



CHINESE DIGEST 



March, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



CHINA PRESS JUBILEE 
EDITION ON SALE 

Last October the China Press of 
Shanghai, an English daily founded by 
an American journalist and now edited 
by Chinese, celebrated its 25th anniver- 
sary. On that date, also, China cele- 
brated the 25th year of its life as a re- 
public. 

Upon that occasion the China Press 
put out a special Jubilee Edition in mag- 
azine form measuring 15 by 20 inches, 
and containing 204 pages of reading 
material. Fully 86 articles made up its 
contents, with many illustrations. The 
articles discussed practically every phase 
in China's reconstruction work today, 
economic, industrial, scientific, cultural, 
political, social, and educational. Sev- 
eral also dealt with past and present 
journalism in China. 

Although published more than four 
months ago, no copies of this edition ar- 
rived in this country until recently, so 
great was the demand for them in China, 
where the price was $10 Chinese cur- 
rency per copy. 

Recently a consignment of 100 copies 
of this Silver Jubilee Edition of the 
China Press arrived in San Francisco, 
and the Chinese Digest has been author- 
ized to handle their sale. 

The price is $2.50 per copy, as long as 
they last, including postal charges. 
Readers may call, phone or mail in their 
orders with their checks for copies. 



SPORTSHORTS 

(Continued from Page 18) 
their first appearances among classy 
competition ... In a practice game, 
Arnold Lim led the Chinese "Y" 
tens to a 31-25 win over the Mission 
"Y" 110's at the Chinese Y.M.C.A. 
court last week. Lim rang the hoop 
for thirteen digits . . . Among the 
athletes in the cast in "Good Earth", 
now playing at the St. Francis Thea- 
tre, is Roland Got . . . Keye Luke, of 
the "Good Earth" cast, plays the 
part of an Olympic athlete in a pic- 
ture now being filmed at Hollywood 
. . . Harry Jung, sensational little 
battler, won the 105 -pound class title 
of the recent Junior P. A. A. Boxing 
Tournament, knocking out his final 
opponent. Little Jung is also the 
champion of the P. A. A. 105-pound 
novice class, which was held last 
summer . . . Peter Shinn, a Korean 
boy, annexed the 188-pound boxing 
championship last month in the 
P. A. A. Junior Tournament by belt- 
ing out his opponents for knock- 
outs in the semi-final and final 
rounds . . . Fighting on the Univers- 
ity of California boxing team is Kai 
Kim, who is a bantamweight . . . 
• • 

A big dance is being planned for the 
Saturday evening of May 29th, during 
the Golden Gate Bridge celebration for 
the many out of town visitors and lo- 
cal dancing set. Definite details will 
appear in our next issue. 



ffi 



nm 



CONGRATU LATION S 
Chinese Talents in "The Good Earth" 

DR. RAYMOND L. NC 

Optometrist 

Eye Examinations 

Oakland, California 



J] 



*£* 

'.li M fy 

JjT 



HOLLYWOOD REVIEW 

(Continued from Page 9) 

attending U. S. C. when signed by 
M-G-M to appear in "The Good Earth/' 
moon, mandolin and all. Originally, she 
was to play the part of "Lotus," but the 
studio executives considered her too 
sweet for so worldly a role. 

Chingwah Lee is a zoologist, ethnolo- 
gist, ceramic art authority and one-time 
social worker. He is a University of Cali- 
fornia graduate — the alma mater of 
more California second-generation Chi- 
nese than can be counted by this time. 
He is director and manager of the 
Chinatown Trade and Travel Bureau, 
active head of the oldest Chinese bov 
scout troop in the United States, a pub- 
lisher and associate editor of the Chinese 
Digest. 

A San Franciscan all his life he is a 
fount of information on old Chinatown 
days. He possesses the best private col- 
lection of ceramic wares in Chinatown. 
He bears a close resemblance to two 
of China's outstanding men — Dr. Wu 
Lien-teh and Dr. Hu Shih. 

James Z. M. Lee was attending U. S. 
C. as a Shakespearean scholar when 
signed by M-G-M to be the technical ad- 
visor for "The Good Earth" company. 
For three long years he assisted with the 
production, joining the expedition to 
China for background shots anil props. 
He is considered the most reliable ex- 
pert on things Chinese in movicland to- 
day. 

Frank Tang is a member of the art 
department. A graduate of Mission 1 Ugh 
of San Francisco and of the Sun Chung 
Academy, his calligraphy is second to 
none in southern California. The Chi- 
nese banners and other native writings 
in "The Good Earth" scenes are prod- 
ucts of his fine brush. — H. A. C 

EXPORT 
and 

WHOLESALE 
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March, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 21 



CHINATOWNIA 



ROAMING ROUND WITH R. R.— 

(Continued frem Page 8) 
away at the bfg drum. . . . The Chinese 
group enacted a "Sea-Serpent" scene 
which drew many rounds of applause. 
Anyone caught cold? . . . Chas. Leong, 
a feature writer of the San Jose State 
College "Spartan," is prexy of the jour- 
nalistic fraternity there. ... Is there any- 
one in S. F.'s Chinatown who operates 
a short wave radio set? ... If so, please 
get in touch with the Chinese Digest. 
. . . John Yiep recently sailed for China. 
He left a charming Miss at the pier, 
amissing him very much! . . . Paul Toy 
is the lucky winner of $50 in a guessing 
contest at Stockton. . . . Kenneth Jann, 
former prexy of the Tri-C Club, has 
moved from Stockton to Hollywood 
where his parents will go into the safe 
business. . . . The Stockton Tau Lambda 
Girls' Club, with Dr. Dora Lee as ad- 
visor, recently installed its new officers. 
. . . Mr. and Mrs. Wong Foon (Elsie 
Lowe) of S. F. are now making their 
home in Stockton. . . . Pauline Wong of 
Newcastle is an ardent tennis fan and 
quite a player too. She was a New Year's 



visitor. . . . Max Lee and Owen Yuen 
are the present doubles ping pong cham- 
pions of Chico State College. . . . When 
in action, the pair is unbeatable. . . . Dr. 
P. S. Chung has been prexy of the Fresno 
Fay Wah Club for the last five years. His 
interest and support of the club won him 
undisputed leadership of the club. . . . 
Allen Lew, our go-getter Digest corre- 
spondent in Fresno, is the vice-prexy. . . . 
Lucille Lee of Spokane is setting the L. 
A. courts on fire with her hot sizzling 
baseline drives and all around game. . . . 
Most of the boys are showing renewed 
interest in tennis. . . . Francis Mark is 
part owner of an airplane and is learning 
how to fly. . . . Albert Foey is quite a 
basketball star at Red Bluff Hi School. 
. . . The towering center of the L. A. 
Iowa basketball game is George Tong. 
He is so tall that his teammates nick- 
named him "City Hall." . . . Wotta 
name! . . . and wotta player! . . .The 
negro who ran amuck the other day at 
Union Sq. and shot an officer and a truck 
driver gave Yee Wong, the photog- 
rapher, an uneasy moment. The de- 
mented negro, only six feet away, 
pointed his gun at Yee, but at the last 



moment, turned, saw the truck driver 
and shot him. Unlucky Yee, and he 
didn't even have a camera along either! 
. . . Did you buy a ticket for the "Y" 
Varsity vs. SFJC Chinese yet? It'll help 
the boys get out of a huge deficit caused 
by two traffic tags in the last trip to Wil- 
lits. . . . During the recent flood in Wat- 
sonville, Hattie Hall made a hurried trip 
to her home town, just to see "if the 
river had come up to her door." . . . 
Everything is O. K. The water didn't 
even reach the first step. . . . Greetings, 
Fresno, so Marion Leong of Hanford 
moved over to your town! Can it be the 
weather? . . . 13-year-old Emerson Wong 
was playing around with a loaded gun 
when he accidentally tripped the trigger 
and shot himself through the head. . . . 
The Tri Chi Club, an organization of 
the Chinese students of U. C. in the 
College of Commerce, has as its prexy, 
William L. Wong with Ken Lee as vice- 
prexy. The U. C. Chinese Students Club 
recently held a meeting to complete 
plans for the Spring Informal, under 
dance chairman Jessie Fung. . . . Ho 
hum, see U in the Sun! 



CONGRATULATIONS 



1 


4&\ \ 'i 

i4 «- i 


' i 


V* " ■ v .1 


L Vi 


m 




V 









Chingwah Lee as Ching captures the Soul of China 

To JAMES Z. M. LEE as TECHNICAL ADVISOR 
FRANK TANG AS ART - CALLIGRAPHER and 

CHINGWAH LEE « CHING 
DR. R. SCHWARTZMANN 

Optometrist 



8 Powell Street 



San Francisco 



= L 



Page 22 



CHINESE DIGEST 



March. 1937 



REVIEWS AND COMMENT 



INTERESTING ARTICLES IN 
RECENT PUBLICATIONS: 

"The Fascinating Chinese War- 
lord," by Pearl S. Buck. World Di- 
gest, February, 1937. 

"Why I Am a Pagan," by Lin 
Yutang. Forum, February, 1937. 

"Wisdom of Chinese Doctors." 
In Readers' Digest Annual. 

"Fighting Angel." A condensa- 
tion of a biography by Pear) S. 
Buck. In Book Digest of Best 
Sellers, February, 1937. 

"Yang and Yin." Condensation 
of a novel by Alice Tisdale Hobart. 
In Books in Brief, February, 1937. 

"My Country and My People." 
Condensation from the book by Lin 
Yutang. In Books in Brief, March, 
1937. 

"Intelligentsia Sinica," by Mou- 
sheng Hsitien Lin. In Chinese Stu- 
dent Christian Ass'n Bulletin, Feb- 
ruary, 1937. 

In Asia magazine for February, 



1937: 

1 "The Course Is Set In China," 
by Norman D. Hanwell; 

2 "In a Chinese Prison," by Shih 
Ming; 

3 "A United Front in China?" by 
Y. T. Wu; 

4 "The Good Life in Chinatown," 
by Pardee Lowe. Second of two 
articles. 

"How Chiang Was Captured," by 
Agnes Smedley. In Nation, Febru- 
ary 13, 1937. 
RECENT BOOKS ON CHINA 
AND THINGS CHINESE: 

The Quest for Cathay. By Sir 
Percy Sykes. New York: Macmillan 
Co. #5.00. 

An account, illustrated, of early 
and medieval expeditions to China. 

The Political Doctrines of Sun- 
Yat-Sen. By Paul M. W. Linebar- 
ger. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins 
University Press. #2.75. 

An exposition of the San-Min- 
Chu-I. The author is an American 



who has been closely identified with 
the republican revolution. 

Gold of Ophir. By Sidney Green- 
bie 6C Marjorie B. Greenbie. New 
York: Wilson-Erickson. #3.50. 

A revised edition of a history deal- 
ing with the Chinese trade and its 
influence in the making of America. 

Ling: Grandson of Yen-Foh. By 
Ethel J. Eldridge. Pictures in color 
by Kurt Wiese. 32 pages. Chicago: 
Albert Whitman. #1.00. 

An educational story designed for 
promoting international cultural 
understanding among children. 

The New Monetary System of 
China. By W. Y. Lin. University of 
Chicago Press. #2.00. 

A personal interpretation of 
China's present monetary standard. 

Shanghai: 1935. By Ruth Day. 
Paper covers (in Chinese red). 86 
pp. Claremont, Calif.: Saunders 
Studio Press. #2.00. 

Personal impressions of the city. 
Edition limited to 200 copies. 



^ 




CONGRATULATIONS 

Mary Wong as The Litte Bride, Soo Yong as The 

Ancient Mistress and Aunt, Keye Luke as The Older 

Son, Roland Got (Lui) as The Younger Son and Wm. 

Law as The Gatekeeper 

CHINGWAH LEE AS CHING 



Embroidered Mandarin coats, skirts, and shawls 

Pajamas, padded garments, fancy slippers 

Ivory and soapstone carvings, Peking glass 

Jade, jewelries, souvenirs, novelties 



Screens and teakwood and rattan furniture 

Cloissonne, hammered brass wares, old bronzes 

Cymbals, gongs, tom-toms, flutes, and drums 

Royal Canton, satsuma, antique porcelain 



SING CHONG IMPORTING CO. 

WHOLESALE and RETAIL 



San Francisco, Calif. 



60 1 Grant Avenue 



March, 1937 



CHINESE DICEST 



Page 23 



EDITORIAL 



OLD CHINATOWN IN LOS ANGELES 
TO BE RAZED 

Below Alameda street, Marchessault and Ferguson 
alleys, un-Oriental names all, lies what is still left of 
Los Angeles' old Chinatown. A none too attractive 
quarter, if one judge by 1937 standards, yet this China- 
town is an historic landmark of Los Angeles, as much 
so as San Francisco's Chinatown is an historic land- 
mark of this city. Today it is not a romantic spot to 
behold, yet the history of the founding of that China- 
town carries with it a faint aura of romance and 
adventure. 

In the 1860's the first Chinese trekked into Los 
Angeles from the northern cities and the mines. They 
were a picturesque if ignorant lot, and they chose the 
first available and centrally located space to camp, 
which happened to be next to the seat of authority of 
the Mexican government that once ruled the state. 
Later, when some of the shrewd ones decided that it 
would be good business to build some substantial quar- 
ters there, buildings were erected near the Plaza, center 
of tbe early social and commercial life of the city. Thus 
old Chinatown came into existence. Later a new China- 
town came into being, some distance from the old one. 

With the coming of the new quarters, most of the 
old Chinatown residents moved there. In fact, many 
moved so that at last old Chinatown was reduced to a 



quarter of provision stores, restaurants and bachelor 
quarters, and little more. 

But old Chinatown is soon to go out altogether. By 
the middle of March all residents must vacate below 
Alameda Street, and the old quarter will be razed to 
make way for a new U. S. post office and the Union 
depot. 

As long as three years ago old Chinatownians were 
informed that their properties had been purchased and 
they were given notice to vacate. But they have clung 
on, month after month, in the hope that time may 
change the course of things. But now its fate has been 
sealed and the residents will have to go after all. 

Progress has a way of obliterating old landmarks, 
which serve to remind people of other times and events. 
With the razing of old Chinatown will go the house 
where the first civil Mexican governor of California 
lived, and also the place where the American military 
commanders resided when the Stars and Stripes were 
raised in Los Angeles. Only historic building to remain, 
located a stone's throw from Chinatown, will be the 
Mission founded by the Franciscans, the oldest church 
in Los Angeles. 

We know that to a few young Chinese, whose ambition 
it is to eventually set down in writing the history of the 
Chinese in California, the passing of old Chinatown in 
Los Angeles will be sad tidings, indeed. But such is the 
march of progress. 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



Do not think that because we made 
this issue of the Chinese Digest a "Good 
Earth" number that we have succumbed 
to the fascination and glamour of Holly- 
wood. Far from it. The chief reason was 
this: we recognize that the motion pic- 
ture version of Pearl S. Buck's story of 
Man and the Soil will, like the novel, do 
an immeasurable amount of good in 
eliciting western understanding of and 
sympathy for China and the Chinese. 
This one reason alone, we believe, should 
justify this "Good Earth" number. We 
hope you will gain as much knowledge 
of the novel and the picture as we did 
while gathering the information for 
these pages. 

On page 10 of this issue you will find 
a new department. It is designed for our 
Chinese young girls and women readers, 
and is in response to repeated requests. 
Two young ladies co-operate in editing 
this new department, and since both of 
them wish for anonymity, they have, 



after considerable meditation, invented 
the fictitious but nonetheless charming 
name of P'ing Yu. The title of the de- 
partment is slightly puzzling at first 
glance, but in reality is very appropriate. 
To Chinese women jade is the most 
precious and beautiful gem in all the 
world. A jade box is therefore an orna- 
ment of great price. Into it must be stored 
precious things, things both spiritual 
and material. The charming ladies who 
edit the department will set down their 
thoughts calculated to interest the fem- 
inine readers, will give many practical 
advices, such as how to. cook rice prop- 
erly (as they are doing in this issue) 
or what to wear in order to be both 
charming and fashionable. 

We may also add that the two fem- 
inine writers of this department are both 
quite active in social and educational 
groups in the community. Beyond that 
we can tell no more at this time. 

If you like this new column the editor 
would be glad to have you tell him. It 



not — tell him anyway. 

It seems to the editor that the most 
interesting magazine article of the month 
was the one by Agnes Smedley in a re- 
cent issue of The Nation. The article was 
apparently mailed from Sianfu on De- 
cember 15, 1936, and in it the writer 
told how Chiang Kai-Shek was cap- 
tured by Marshal Chang Hsueh-liang. 
It is a dispassionate account, giving 
names, places and dates and is appar- 
ently the first and only bona fide report 
of this amazing affair so far appearing 
here. Although Agnes Smedley is an 
American radical who has worked 
among Chinese Communists for years, 
yet, being a good reporter as well, she 
has very little reason to give out a fabri- 
cated version of Chiang's capture. The 
report has the feel of authenticity about 
it and is a far cry from the melodramati- 
cally barbled version given out by the 
Literary Digest last December 19, four 
days after Agnes Smedley 's report was 
written. 



Page 24 





cw«ese 




<3 



COMMENT ► - SOCIAL • - SPOfcTS 



Vol. 3. No. 4 



April, 1937 



Ten Cents 






Spring rains came to Chinatown early this year, at the 
time of the Feast of the Lanterns. The busy lens of Wal- 
lace H. Fong, expert Chinese Digest cameraman, caught 
this rare picture on a night when the rain and atmospheric 
changes had formed a filmy blanket of mist over the quar- 
ter. The eerie glow of the lantern-shaped street lamps, 
the subdued glare of the neon lights, the wet, shiny street, 
all combined to make this picture an unusual and beauti- 
ful camera portrait. It was taken along Grant Avenue, 
looking north. 



- \& 



Poge 2 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



EDITORIAL 



ON THE "CHINESE PROGRESS" 

On February 25th a twelve page English weekly pub- 
lication called Chinese Progress made its initial appear- 
ance in Chinatown. Because much confusion and 
misunderstanding have arisen in the minds of many 
of Chinatown's citizens as to the exact relationship be- 
tween the CHINESE DIGEST and this new publica- 
tion, which makes the extravagant claim to being "The 
only Chinese Newspaper Printed in English," we wish 
to clarify the issue for the benefit of our readers in 
this city. 

First of all. the CHINESE DIGEST is in no way 
connected or affiliated with this new publication. The 
CHINESE DIGEST is 100 per cent Chinese-owned 
and edited by a 100 per cent Chinese staff. It is a 
monthly journal serving to give information on China, 
Chinese culture and the life, problems and activities 
of the Chinese throughout the United States. The 
CHINESE DIGEST is not subsidized by any organi- 
zation, commercial, or political interests. In its editorial 
policy it is independent and progressive, always seeking 
to work for the welfare and enlightenment of all 
Chinese in America, with special emphasis on the sec- 
ond-generation American born. In its treatment of 
news and current topics the CHINESE DIGEST is 
the sole English medium of useful and significant in- 
formation for all American-born Chinese. No other 
publication of this nature exists in America. 

The CHINESE DIGEST is a non-profit publica- 
tion, and all its revenues from advertisements and sub- 
scriptions are devoted to making it a better and more 
useful journal. Its entire staff are voluntary workers 
who see in the journal a cause worth laboring for. 
When it began publication in 1935 the CHINESE 
DIGEST was only a 16-page publication. This was 
increased to 20 pages after the first year. 

On the other hand, what of the Chinese Progress? 
In its initial issue its publishers gave forth a state- 
ment which, among other things, contained the fol- 
lowing: 

"The Chinese Progress is decidely NOT a 'foreign- 
language' or 'class' publication. . . . 

"An overwhelming majority of the Chinese in Amer- 
ica cannot read any other language than English. 
Imagine over 50,000 people without their own paper 
until we came along! 

"The Chinese Progress is the first and only news- 
paper printed in the English language. 

"Our sincere aim is to make the Progress ... a com- 
plete, interesting district newspaper which will carry 
a full and detailed resume of each week's happenings 
in the community life of San Francisco Chinatown." 
How true to actual facts is the claim of the Chinese 
(Continued on page 19) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Editorials 2,19 

Far East 3 

Sampan and Caravan 4 

Culture 5, 6 

Sociological Data 7, 8 

The Jade Box 9,10 

Reviews and Comments 11 

Chinatownia 12, 13, 14, 15 

Anti-Alien Land Bill 12 

China Press Jubilee 12 

Anti-Foreign Language Bill 13 

China Press Weekly 13 

Recommended Articles 14 

Recent Books on China 15 

Sports 16, 17 



THE CHINESE DIGEST 

Published the 26th of each month at 868 Washington Street 
San Francisco. California iCHi.na 2400> 

WILLIAM HOY. Editor 

Per year, SI. 00; Per copy. 10 cents 
Foreign, SI. 50 per year 

All articles copyrighted. For reprints, special permission must be 

secured in writing. 

STAFF 



CHINGWAH LEE 
LIM P. LEE 
THOMAS W. CHINN 
HELEN M. FONG 
WALLACE H. FONG 



Associate Editor 

Sociological Data 

Managing Editor 

Circulation Manager 

Photographer 



CORRESPONDENTS and REPRESENTATIVES 

Bakersfield . . . Mamie Lcc 

Berkeley Glenn D Lym 

Chicago Bcotricc Moy 

Fresno Allen Lew 

Hollywood Frank Tong 

Honolulu, T. H Grace H. Goo 

Los Angeles Elsie Lcc, Bcrnicc Louie 

New York Binq Chan 

Portland Eva Moc. Edgor Lee 

Salinas Edword Chan 

San Diego Walter N. Horn 

Santa Barbara Albert Ycc 

Seattle Eugene Wong, Edwin Luke 

Watsonville Alice Shew 

FOUNDERS and PUBLISHERS: 
THOMAS W. CHINN, President CHINGWAH LEE. Trcosurcr 




April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 3 



FAR EAST 



CHIANG COMPROMISES 
A NEW SPIRIT IN SINO- 
JAPANESE RELATIONS 

"We have had too much internal 
squabbling and warfare within China, and 
I am ready to forgive much and go a long 
way to prevent more." 

So spoke Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek in an 
interview granted not long ago to an 
American journalist. And early in March 
Gen. Chiang's declaration that he was 
willing to give the Chinese Communists 
a chance to show their real patriotism by, 
first, abandoning the government's policy 
of active punitive warfare against them 
and, secondly, to give freedom of speech 
and pardons to political offenders, seems 
to bear out his statement. 

At that time Nanking's long conflict 
with Communists within the country ap- 
peared near a settlement. A re-establish- 
ment of the status quo of 1927 for the 
Reds seemed imminent then. 

On the Communists' side, they had 
shown a willingness to merge their armies 
— estimated at 75,000 — and "govern- 
ment" under Nanking's control, and were 
also reported ready to pledge their word 
for the cessation of Communist propa- 
ganda and the promotion of class strug- 
gles. 

This apparently conciliatory attitude 
and new liberal policy toward the Com- 
munists seemed to add one more link 
to the chain of national unity which 
Chiang has sought to effect for a decade. 
For ten years up to the end of December, 
1936, Gen. Chiang had held that the 
greatest threat to the unity of the na- 
tion and the existence of the present gov- 
ernment was Chinese Communism, di- 
rected by native communist organizers. 
Has he now reversed his previous policy? 
As yet, the lack of detailed information 
regarding the exact nature of Chiang's 
liberal policy toward the Communists 
makes a definite conclusion at this time 
a useless guess. 

But one thing is certain. Gen. Chiang, 
by this new switch of attitude toward 
those whom he has fought without ces- 
sation for 10 years has shown his 
ability as a political strategist. At a time 
when the pro-Japanese and the anti- Jap- 
anese elements within the government and 
the Kuomintang had made his position 
almost an untenable one, Chiang has, by 
this one political stroke, swung the gov- 
ernment and party behind himself again 
and emerged victorious. 

The internal political situation remains 
a delicate one now, however. The anti- 
Japanese bloc in the Nanking government 
seems to be gaining more support than 
the pro-Japanese element. Which side 



will win will depend a great deal on 
Chiang's ultimate decision. As one Chi- 
nese writer has expressed it, "A desperate 
struggle between the pro-Japanese and the 
anti-Japanese forces seems to be immi- 
nent in Chinese politics." 

* * * * 

The relations between China and Japan 
seem to be more hopeful at this time 
than at any period during the last six 
years, if pronouncements by the foreign 
ministers of both nations recently can 
be taken as a gauge of the real situation. 
At Tokyo the new Japanese Foreign 
Minister, Naotake Sato, formerly am- 
bassador to France, recently declared that 
he was determined to carry out a foreign 
policy toward China "based on equality." 
Mr. Sato made known this policy in a 
speech to the Diet, and it was significant 
that he was loudly applauded for it. It 
would seem to mean that some of the 
leaders of Japan are beginning to see 
that, after all, a friendly China may ulti- 
mately pay better dividends to Japan 
than a hostile one. 

On the same date that Mr. Sato made 
his speech to the Japanese diet, China's 
new Foreign Minister, Wang Chung-hui, 
also announced his foreign policy. He 
declared that "China and Japan should 
cooperate on terms of equality to improve 
the mutual relationship and protect the 
peace in the Orient." 

What the New Chinese Foreign Min- 
ister said was nothing new, of course. 
China has always sought to adopt a pol- 
icy of mutual friendship with other na- 
tions, particularly Japan, on the basis of 
equality and respect of China's territor- 
ial integrity. It is the Japanese new For- 
eign Minister's announcement which 
shows an orientation in Japan's policy 
toward China, at least in principle. 

Nanking, however, expects that Japan's 
deeds will match her words in her present 
and future foreign policy toward China. 
Already initial confidence in Japan's sin- 
cerity has been shattered by the fact that 
hardly had Foreign Minister Sato made 
his declaration of foreign policy in the 
Diet, 2,000 Japanese troops were landed 
in China in the Tientsin-Peiping area. The 
Japanese military claimed that the troops 
were merely replacements but the action 
was highly suspicious. 

If such is the way in which Japan in- 
tends to put her new foreign policy toward 
China into action, then Sino-Japanese 

relations can never improve. 

* * * * ^ 

Wang Chung-hui. China's new Foreign 
Minister, succeeded Chang Chun on 
March 8. Wang was born in Kwangtung 
(Continued on page 18^ col. 1) 




AT LAST! 



In answer to repeated requests 
by the public, the Chinese Di- 
gest is introducing a new ad- 
vertising section — a 

CLASSIFIED DIRECTORY 

that will enable scores of ad- 
vertisers to present their needs 
and wants to our readers. 



WHAT SHALL IT BE? 

• Real Estate? 

• Merchandise? 

• Help Wanted? 

• Car for Sale? 

• Beauty Shop Needs? 

Almost everything can be ad- 
vertised here! 

Exceptionally low rates . . 
just call 

China 2400 

1 to 3 p. m. 
for information 



CHINESE DIGEST 

Classified Directory 
868 Washington Street 




m 



Poge 4 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



SAMPAN AND CARAVAN 



EXPORT TRADE SHOWS 
BIG INCREASE 

Dr. P. W. Kuo, director of the Bureau 
of Foreign Trade, presented a report 
recently to Minister of Industries Wu 
Tingchang, showing that China's export 
trade had made a 28 per cent increase 
over that of previous years for a similar 
period. 

The report also stated that China 
bought 15 per cent less of imported goods 
during the first six months of 1936 as 
compared to a similar period for 1935. 

Tung oil and hides, skins and furs 
were the principal commodities of export, 
owing to the increased demands from 
abroad, which sent prices soaring. 

A shrinkage in all imports is seen for 
this year, pa-ticularly in rice and wheat, 
owing to the exceptionally good crops 
in the country last year. As a result, the 
adverse balance of trade is rapidly throw- 
ing the scales into a more even keel. 



The report declared that "such a phe- 
nomena was undoubtedly brought about 
mainly by the successful execution of the 
currency reform measures. It is expected 
that our foreign trade will continue to 
progress, as China is now a united coun- 
try, having achieved stability in her cur- 
rency system and made great strides in 
the task of economic reconstruction." 

On the economic condition of China, 
Dr. Kuo reported that during the first 
part of 1936 many signs of economic 
recovery were evident, with financial mar- 
kets achieving increasing stability and 
the wheels of industry and commerce 
revolving faster. In announcing the rea- 
son for this turn of economic trends Dr. 
Kuo believed that the first factor was 
due to the effects of the monetary reform 
put into effect by the government in 
November, 1935. Commodity prices tend- 
ed to rise, the money markets breathed 
easier, foreign exchange has been estab- 



lished, and the psychological effect im- 
proved general economic conditions. 

The second important factor he attrib- 
uted to the combined efforts of the gov- 
ernment and the people in seeking eco- 
nomic advancement. Much has been 
done, he pointed out, in the promotion 
of native goods, improvement of agri- 
culture methods, marketing, transporta- 
tion and general progress in the' other 
fields of trade and commetce. 

The total volume of trade, according 
to Dr. Kuo's report, amounted to $791,- 
711,713 during the first two quarters of 
1936. This figure shows an increase of 
1.63 per cent over the corresponding 
period for 1935. 

Import trade during the period totaled 
$459,000,244, or more than 15 per cent 
as compared with the first six months of 
1935. The aggregate export trade for 
the first part of 1936 was $332,711,469. 



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New York Herald-Tribune. 




I 



April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 5 



CULTURE 



CHINGWAH LEE 



CHINESE INVENTION 
AND DISCOVERIES 

No. 41-45: The Chinese had a New 
Deal Three Thousand Years Ago: 
They Tried Boondoggle, the Dole Sys- 
tem, and Inflation of Metallic Coins: 
They Distinguished a Real Depression 
from One Based on Fear: and they 
Discovered the Cyclical Nature of 
Depression Two Hundred Years Ago. 

In her long history China has endured 
three major and scores of minor nation- 
al depressions. Between 108 B. C. and 
1911 A. D. there were 1,828 years when 
food shortage was felt in some part of 
China. As far back as the Chou Dy- 
nasty (B. C. 1122-255) the Chinese 
distinguished the difference between a 
depression based on actual want or un- 
employment and one based on the psy- 
chology of fear. The word for depres- 
sion (or desolation) is huang; chi huang 
is a depression of want; k'ung huang, 
a depression based on fear. 

China has tried many plans to com- 
bat depressions. One of the earliest is 
recorded in the Chou Li, a classic which 
gives the organization ritual regulation 
of the Chou Dynasty. While there is 
some doubt as to the authorship and ex- 
act date of this important work, scho- 
lars agree that it was written before the 
end of the Chou Dynasty and that the 
gefieral constitution of the Chou gov- 
ernment is described with a fair degree 
of accuracy. I am indebted to my friend 
Dr. Kiang Kang-hu, for the interpreta- 
tion of much of the following "New 
Deal" measures adopted by the Chou 
Dynasty ministers: 

1. INAUGURATION OF THE DOLE 
OR DIRECT RELIEF SYSTEM 
The government not only provided 

for relief work, but also opened all 
storages of surplus treasuries, accumu- 
lated grains, and other necessities of life 
for direct relief. 

2. THE LOWERING OF THE TAX 
RATE 

"This will relive people from public 
bu-den and thus enable them to be 
self-supporting. The average land tax 
was less than ten per cent of its produc- 
tive value and there were many other 
taxes. During the time of depression 
the land tax was usually halved, or from 
famine stricken regions totally exemp- 
ted." 

3. A CHECK ON CRIME WAVE 
Since hard times always brew more 



thieving and banditry, unrest and upris- 
ing, an effective check of these from 
the very beginning would save the coun- 
try from crime waves, revolutions, and 
war. 

4. TEMPERING JUSTICE 
WITH MERCY 

Because the people are more easily 
driven to crime when in distress, the 
mitigation of the severity of criminal 
punishment was recommended to the 
magistrates. 

5. OPENING OF NATIONAL 
RESOURCES TO THE PEOPLE 
According to the law of the Chou 

Dynasty, all mountains, rivers, forests, 
and mines we-e public owned and were 
prohibited from private exploitation. This 
prohibition would be lifted and the peo- 
ple would be allowed to enjoy the pro- 
ducts of the state property. 

6. THE WITHHOLDING OF LABOR 
CONSCRIPTION 

In ancient times all male citizens, ex- 
cepting officials and scholars, were sub- 
ject to government conscription for pub- 
lic works between the planting and the 
harvesting seasons. This conscription 
should be withheld in time of depres- 
sion so that the people might work more 
profitably. 

7. THE REMOVAL OF TRADE 
RESTRICTION 

Although there were no custom duties 
in the Chou .period, inspection and re- 
striction were in force on both imports 
and exports between states. These would 
be abandoned in times of depression to 
facilitate free transportation and quick 
exchange. 

8. THE ELIMINATION OF NEED- 
LESS POMPS AND SOCIAL 
CEREMONIALS 

This measure aims at the saving of 
state funds on needless extravagant state 
functions so that they may be applied to 
more urgent needs. 

9. THE PROHIBITION OF PUBLIC 
AMUSEMENTS OF ALL FORMS 
Aside from sacrificial and educational 

purposes, theatricals and musical per- 
formances for amusement would be 
banned in times of depression. The Chou 
Li did not explain why that should be 
so; it may be due to fear of angering 
the gods or it may be that the ministers 
did not distinguish expenditure from 
waste. 

10. THE SIMPLIFICATION OF 
FUNERAL RITES 

It was customary to spend great sums 
on funeral and burial services, the rich 
burying many expensive jade artifacts, 
garments, and utensils with their de- 
parted relatives; hence this measure. 



It is interesting to note the gradual 
substitution of clay, wood, and paper 
effigies for the real things in the burial 
customs in China. 

11. THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF 
SIMPLE MARRIAGE RITES 

As marriage in old China was expen- 
sive and difficult this would be a great 
relief for the poor people in hard times. 
Last year, Major Wu of Shanghai re- 
adopted this plan, marrying hundreds 
of couples in a "mass ceremony" to 
save them from the expense of separate 
ceremonies. 

12. THE HOLDING OF PUBLIC 
PRAYER SERVICE 

"When the emperor led the officials 
and the people to pray to heaven and 
to the national patron gods for the 
speedy return of prosperity, it would 
have a psychological effect on the pop- 
ulace." 

By the time of Confucius they prac- 
ticed the inflating of metallic coins dur- 
ing a period of dep r ession. Coins were 
made lighter, thinner, or smaller during 
hard times, and in some instances, cop- 
per and iron coins were made as substi- 
tutes. 

The periodic occurrence of depression 
and prosperity was fully realized by the 
Han Dynasty (B. C. 206-A. D. 220). 
In his "Historical Record" (Shin Chi) 
Ssu-ma Ch'ien, the Herodotus of China, 
described the cyclical nature of depres- 
sion in somewhat the following manner: 

"The rise of the Han Dynasty carries 
with it much of the evils of the former 
government. Men a^e called to war as 
before, and the young and old at home 
were engaged in transportation of food 
to the front. Production was at a low 
ebb and money became scarce. The 
coins changed from heavy to lighter is- 
sues, the fixation of the values being 
left to private financial institutions. But 
the laws were lax, and it was impossible 
to prevent the greedy from manipulat- 
ing coinage and controlling the markets. 
Prices went up on everything. 

"His Majesty Kao Tzu put severe re- 
strictions on the merchant class, and 
even for a long time afterward, they 
were disqualified from holding political 
offices. Meanwhile taxes were increased 
enormously to meet the ever mounting 
public expenditures. There were all 
kinds of taxes — -land tax, custom duties, 
tribute grains, etc. Yet even in hard 
time a certain stability was reached. 

"At length the coinage deteriorated 
beyond recovery. A rebellion threatened 
the country for a while and during this 
period rebel coins flooded the country. 
The northern borders were harassed by 



L 



Page 6 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



CULTURE 



invading Huns, resulting in greater food 
shortage. And on top of this there oc- 
curred a great drought. 

"But soon signs of wealth and luxury 
made their appearance in public places 
and private halls once more. Horses be- 
gan to appear in officials' stables. The 
empire was in peace, there was neither 
flood nor drought, and the seasons were 
plentiful. The public granaries were 
overflowing and the treasuries were full; 
money was everywhe-e. The streets were 
thronged with happy people, and the 
highways were thick with horses and 
travellers. Villagers ate meat and drank 
wines. 'The people had developed a 
spirit of self-respect and of reverence 
for the law, while a sense of charity and 
of duty toward one's neighbor kept men 
aloof from crime and shame.' " 

"At length, under the lax laws the 
wealthy began to abuse their riches. 
They used it for the evil purposes of 
pride and self-aggrandizement and 
oppression of the weak. Everyone tried 
to outdo their neighbors in lavishing 
money on large houses, appointments, 
and apparels, altogether beyond the 
limit of his means. Such is the everlast- 
ing law of the sequences of prosperity 
and depression. 

"Then followed military preparation 
in various parts of the empire. There 
was nothing but war and rumors of war 
in the air. Attempts were made to es- 
tablish trade route with the barbarians 
of the southwest, and mountains were 
hewn through for many miles with the 
object of opening up the resources of 
these remote regions, but the result was 
to swamp the inhabitants in hopeless 
ruins. Money was constantly leaving 
the country. People were driven to 
crime. Those with money received ap- 
pointments for high positions; those 
who could pay escaped the penalties of 
their guilt. Merit had given way to 
money. Shame and scruples of con- 
science were laid aside." 

Note: Related articles in preparation: 
China's experiment with dictatorship 
and bureaucracy; the invention and in- 
flation of paper money; communistic, 
anarchistic and democratic doctrines; 
companionate marriage and eugenic ba- 
bies; state socialism of Wang An Shih. 



References: The "Chou Li" or Rites 
of the Chou Dynasty; the "Shih Chi" 
or Historical Records; "A Short His- 
tory of China" by E. T. Williams; 
"History of Chinese Literature" by 
H. A. Giles; "Outlines of Chinese His- 
tory" by Li Ung Bing. 



HOWELL, DOUGLASS & CO. 

• 

Members 

New York Stock Exchange San Francisco Stock Exchange 

San Francisco Curb Exchange Chicago Stock Exchange 



SAN FRANCISCO 
30th Floor Russ Bldg., 225 Columbus Ave. 

PALO ALTO, 561 Romona St. 



Telephone Douglas 0131 
NEW YORK, 40 Wall St. 



WHY don't you concentrate on one good 
tailored suit for Spring? This season it isn't 
how masculine but how feminine! 



RooaBroa 

Market at Stockton 
Dorothy Wing Chinese Representative 







1 m> 




DIXIE DEB 
5.50 

Lots of stunning styles to com- 
plement your Easter ensemble! 
The model sketched in black or 
blue gabardine. Also in gleam- 
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Market St. Store, only 
UM 



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I 



April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 7 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA 



CURRENT INTELLECTUAL 
TRENDS 

(An interview with Mr. Y. T. Wu, 
editor-in-chief, Association Press, Na- 
tional Committee of the Y. M. C. A. in 
China.) 

What do the serious-minded edu- 
cated youths of China think about to- 
day? With the influx of so many sys- 
tems of Western philosophies and philo- 
sophic ideas, from atheism to Marxian 
dialectic materialism, bombarding the 
uncertain minds of the country's young 
intellectuals during the past decade or 
more which of these ideas finds the 
most hospitable reception by these youth? 
Much has been said about radical 
thoughts among the youth in China to- 
day, but what kind of radical thoughts? 
Socialism? Fascism? Communism? 

China's existing system of education 
has much to do with its intellectual 
trends. How is Young China being 
educated? And how successful is illiter- 
acy being fought by the government? 

The press, too, has something to do 
with the thoughts of China's youths to- 
day. What can be said of it? 

It was with these questions in mind 
that the writer approached Mr. Wu. But 
first let us introduce Mr. Wu. 

Last summer the Conference of the 
World Student's Christian federation 
was held at Mills college, in Oakland, 
California. There the American dele- 
gation approached the Chinese group 
asking for a representative Christian in- 
tellectual leader to come from China to 
speak at conferences and in the colleges 
and universities of America. The name 
of Y. T. Wu of Shanghai was recom- 
mended by the Chinese delegation. 
Since Mr. Wu's arrival he has lectured 
at the Pacific Southwest Y. M. C. A.- 
Y. W. C. A. student-faculty confer- 
ence at Asilomar, and delivered a series 
of Earl Foundation lectures at the Paci- 
fic School of Religion in Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia. 

Y. T. Wu is editor of the literature 
division of the National Y. M. C. A. 
in China, and it is his responsibility to 
translate the current intellectual trends 
of the West to Chinese youths, as well 
as to edit Chinese literature so that it 
will reach China's youths through the 
printed word. He is a graduate of the 
Customs college (when it was in Pek- 
ing) and also of Columbia university. 

Three Tendencies 

When questioned on the current in- 
tellectual trends in China today, Mr. 



Lim P. Lee 

Wu said that there are three dominant 
trends. 

The first and, at the present, the 
most influential trend is the radical 
trend. This trend represents the think- 
ing of the people who are influential by 
Marxism. This group has grown in 
number since 1931. Most of these 
people are not Communists; neverthe- 
less, they are very sympathetic toward 




Y.. T. Wu 



Communism and wholeheartedly ac- 
cept the Marxian doctrines. They are 
very critical of the Nanking govern- 
ment especially, after the Manchurian in- 
cident; but within the past year or so, 
they have begun to advocate the so- 
called "united front" which means the 
admission of the Communists into the 
government, some form of cooperation 
with Soviet Russia, and immediate re- 
sistance to the aggression of Japan. The 
leaders of this group are the leftist 
writers under the leadership of the late 
Lu Shun. Current literature in China 
as expressed in books and periodicals is 
ve~y much dominated by this radical 
trend. 

The second trend may be called the 
liberal trend. This trend represents the 
thinking of the people who stand for 
national liberation but wholeheartedly 
follow the leadership of the present cen- 
tral government in the person of Gen- 
eral Chiang Kai-shek. They would ad- 
vocate social reforms but they are de- 
finitely opposed to the Communists. 
While the radicals get their inspiration 
from Soviet Russia, the liberals get 
theirs from democratic nations in 
Europe and the United States. The 



leading figure in this group is the well- 
known Dr. Hu Shih. The influence of 
this liberal group is on the wane, and 
they do not appeal to the youths of 
China today as they did in the days of 
the May 4th movement, 18 years ago. 

The third trend can hardly be called 
an intellectual trend. It is reactionary 
and looks back to the golden past of 
China, trying to adopt the old Con- 
fucian virtues to contemporary life. 
This group stands for the status quo. 
They have no outstanding leaders of 
brilliance, but find expression among old 
scholars, some retired officials and 
wealthy merchants. Even the New Life 
movement has a touch of this trend of 
thinking. 

Regimentation In Education 

Closely allied with intellectual trends 
of the nation is the educational policy 
of the government. It is through edu- 
cation that the thinking of the youth of 
the nation is moulded. The writer 
queried Mr. Wu on the educational 
policy of the government. He reported 
his observations in the school life of 
China, but said they do not represent 
any personal opinions of his own in this 
matter. 

The dominant educational policy of 
China today is regimentation. This 
is expressed through compulsory mili- 
tary drills, tightened curriculum, and 
"joint examinations" given by munici- 
pal authorities. (The "joint examina- 
tions" must be passed by all students 
before they can graduate. They . are 
given by education officials and not by 
local school teachers.) The students are 
kept frightfully busy, and have neither 
time for social life, nor for extra curri- 
cular activities. More pronounced is the 
intellectual life of the students: they 
are almost told what they ought to be- 
lieve. A number of the so-called leftist 
books a r e prohibited in the schools. 
While the students seem to have sub- 
mitted to this process of regimentation, 
without much grumbling, even with ap- 
preciation in some cases, there are to be 
found many instances of inward revolt. 
This is especially true in regard to anti- 
Japanese expressions which are regarded 
as reactionary by certain officials of the 
government. 

The Fight Against Illiteracy 

The masses of China constitute the 
real backbone of the matter. Properly 
guided and educated they will be the 
strength of a modern nation. Mr. Wu 
was questioned on the problem of illit- 
eracy and mass education in China. He 
answered thus: 



^^-~- ~. 



Page 8 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



SOCIOLOGICAL DATA 



Tlie percentage of illiteracy in China 
is still very high, over 80 /V , in spite of 
efforts of many literacy movements in 
the last ten years. In view of the diffi- 
culty of the Chinese language, during 
the past year or so, a new system has 
been devised. The Chinese characters 
in blocks are done away with, and an 
alphabet is used in their place so that 
the Chinese language becomes "Latin- 
ized." This new language may be 
learned in a month and the equipment 
costs but a few cents. The students and 
the common people have used this lan- 
guage a g-eat deal since the student 
movement of December 9, 1935. The 
government looks upon this language 
with suspicion since it originated in 
Vladivostok and was first used among 
the Chinese in Soviet Russia. Because 
of its o'igin, the government has pro- 
hibited its use in publications and per- 
iodicals. 

But in spite of the high percentage 
of illiteracy, the social intelligence or 
the people has advanced a great deal. 
Due to the aggression of the Japanese, 
mass education has progressed through 
the Chinese movies, popular songs, lec- 
ture groups conducted by students, and 
other mass appeals. The people are be- 
ginning to awaken to what is happening 
to their country. 

Severe Press Censorship 

Intellectual trends, education, and 
mass movements find their reactions and 
direction in the press of the nation. As 
an editor Mr. Wu is well qualified to 
comment on the press of China. 

The press is anything but free in 
China, as the freedom of the press is 
understood in America. This is partic- 
ularly so after the Manchurian inci- 
dent. The daily editions are severely 
censored, day by day, and one often 
sees blank spaces in the daily papers 
which indicates censorship of the press. 
Because of this control, the people a;e 
kept in the dark about many things in 
internal politics and foreign policies. 
This censorship applies to Chinese pa- 
pers published in Chinese territory as 
well as in foreign settlements where 
extrater-itoriality still prevails. But the 
foreign press in China is exempt from 
this censorship and for this reason, the 
English-reading Chinese generally go to 
the foreign press to get the news they 
cannot get from the Chinese press. It 
is the unanimous opinion of the news- 
paper men and educated public that 
there should be freedom of the press 
as prescribed in the existing codes of 
China. 



CHINATOWN'S MORTALITY 
RATE IN 1936 

A total of 179 Chinese died in 
San Francisco during 1936, accord- 
ing to the annual figures recently 
tabulated by the San Francisco 
Health department. Of the num- 
ber of deaths, 145 were males and 
34 were females. The total mor- 
tality rate among Chinese here in 
1936 was 16 less than in 1935. 

Pulmonary and other forms of 
tuberculosis head the list among 
the chief causes of death of Chinese 
in this city last year, its toll being 
44 victims. Deaths from heart dis- 
ease, 37, follow a close second. 
Deaths from other causes include 
pneumonia, cerebral hemorrhage, 
syphilis, meningitis, accidental 
deaths, and suicides. 

Two hundred twenty-six babies 
were born during 1936, including 
127 boys and 99 girls. 



THE HEALTH OF CHINATOWN 

By Edwin Owyang 

(The following article is the first of a 
series on community welfare problems 
written by guest contributors for this 
department. Edwin Owyang is a native 
cf San Francisco and at present is a 
medical student at the University of Cali- 
fornia, Berkeley. Readers' opinions and 
helpful criticisms are welcomed by this 
department. — L. P. L.) 



Health, although of vital importance, 
is regarded lightly by Chinatown 
as a whole. There are obviously many 
conditions that are common to both 
Chinese and Americans; but if one 
should make a more thorough investi- 
gation, he would find conditions more 
or less peculiar to Chinatown alone, 
many of which reflect unfavorably on 
our community. Because of this reason, 
it is important that such facts should 
be known by all, with the hope that 
attempts would be made to remedy such 
conditions. 

The statistics given here are from 
the latest compilations of the Public 
Health depa-tment, with some from a 
general Chinatown survey conducted in 
1934. Both show that pulmonary tu- 
berculosis is the main "scourge" among 
the Chinese. More Chinese die from 
this disease than from any other, the 
T. B. mortality rate being almost three 
times as high as that of San Francisco 
in gene-al, or 146 Chinese deaths to 



59 for San Francisco, according to the 
figures of 1935. 

Recent T. B. Survey 

A survey made in April, 1936, of the 
tuberculosis cases in the San Francisco 
hospital shows that the Chinese district, 
with about 16,000 inhabitants, contrib- 
utes to the T. B. wards in the follow- 
ing manner: 

Between the ages of 0-5 years, 14.7 
per cent; 6-10, 34 per cent; 11-15, 39 
per cent; 16-25, 13 per cent. In view 
of the relatively small population, the 
percentage is astoundingly high. 

There must be a great many un- 
treated cases as well as those under pri- 
vate care but not reported. This is 
shown by the low proportion of re- 
ported cases to correlate with the great 
number of deaths. Overcrowding, poor 
hygiene and sanitation, and inadequate 
diets all contribute to lower resistance 
and high incidence. There is a gradual 
but definite decrease of T. B. in the 
entire countrv, but no significant drop 
among the Chinese. Incidentally, the 
prevalence of T. B. in New York citv 
is also led by the Chinese there, which 
gives one the idea that there may be 
a racial susceptibility involved. 

In contrast to pulmonary T. B. as 
the chief cause of death among the 
Chinese, it is only sixth in the entire 
city and national. The other lead- 
ing causes of death are common to 
both except that heart disease is the 
predominant cause throughout the 
country as a whole. Both groups have 
cancer, pneumonia, and kidney diseases 
as other important causes. 

Contagious Diseases and Mortality' 

Chinatown had a low incidence of 
contagious diseases in 1935-36, in spite 
of widespread epidemics throughout 
the city. For example, it escaped from 
a scarlet fever epidemic. Of the minor 
diseases, the rates are suprisingly low. 
During the last four years there has 
been no widespread measles epidemic 
in Chinatown, although the three-vear 
evele was carefully watched for. It is 
possible that the close contact in con- 
gested houses may tend to develop im- 
munity among the children; however, 
this is hypothetical, and it should not 
be used as a support for the existing 
ove-crowded conditions. 

Although the local Chinese popula- 
tion has decreased, the Chinese have a 
relatively high birth rate and a relative 
ly low death rate, the latter being 
greatly due to a decreasing infant mor- 
( Continued on page ti ) 




it 



April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 9 



THE JADE BOX 



SPRINGTIME 

Windsor's Wally, on a shopping tour 
recently flatly denied she was preparing 
a trousseau. However, she said that wo- 
men everywhere at this time are going 
over their wardrobes and are having a 
renewed interest in clothes. Truly, 
Springtime spells new clothes for wo- 
men — for us as well as for the world's 
charm woman number one. 

But Spring has other spells for us if we 
but call "time out" long enough to re- 
spond to her other tantalizing charms as 
mother nature casts her magic wand and 
transforms this season into the loveliest 
of all seasons. 

Spring brings joyousness and music! 
Youthful hearts, listening, turn to laugh- 
ter and love. Sunsets draw us to quiet 
meditations, happy thoughts. Moonlit 
nights become glorious interludes. The 
soft caresses of Spring wind whisper 
poetry into our ears which language can- 
not convey. 

Spring spells beauty and peacefulness! 
Nature, quickening again to the call of 
growth and activity, brings us a new 
awakening which sends our souls heaven- 
ward. 

Spring — soft rains and streaming sun- 
light, rainbows of ethereal beauty and 
sweet healing breezes: all these have 
their magical powers, enjoyable and ir- 
resistible. 

So, "time out" for Springtime and 
music with Li Po (701-762) of the glor- 
ious Tang dynasty as he sang^— 

On Hearing the Flute at Lo-Cheng 

One Spring Night 

(Translation by Obata) 

Whence comes this voice of the sweet 

bamboo, 
■Flying in the dark? 
It flies with the Spring wind, 
Hovering over the city of ho. 
How memories of home come back, to- 
night! 
Hark! the plaintive tune of "Willow- 
breaking ". . . 
"Ohs" and rr Ahs" when Ladies meet. 

o 

COLOR COMBINATIONS of car- 
nelian red and dim grey; pale pink or 
pale blue with black; flame orange and 
navy blue. 

o 

COLORED SHOES with daytime 
frocks; peeping toes; a red evening san- 
dal on the left foot and a green one on 
the right. 

o 

ANKLE LENGTH evening dresses 
in flounces of chiffon or gay stripes. 



P'ing Yu 



BEAUTY IN THE HOME 

Almost every home in Chinatown has 
a beautiful plant but unfortunately every 
plant has not a good home. 

To provide an attractive environment 
for, say, a pretty Chinese "Doe-Guen" 
(azalea), so popular this season, certain 
conditions are essential. 

To begin with give it plenty of light. 
Allow room for everything so nothing wil' 
be in its way. As sunlight is necessary for 
growing things don't forget to see that 
your room is flooded with it. 

Neither too much heat nor cold is 
good. The ideal temperature calls for 
warmth but with fresh air. Above all, 
ventilation must not be sacrificed as 
plants, too, must breathe. In order that 
the plant does not suffocate, keep the 
leaves clean as dust clogs the pores. 

Regular care is better than a spasmodic 
overdose. A simple daily examination 
works wonders whereas excessive coax- 
ing whenever one is in the mood deters 
proper growth. 

Innately, the Chinese people are 
attuned to a deep appreciation of beauty. 



The growing of <beautiful flowers is but 
one of their many good old fashioned 
virtues. Gardens and their relations with 
the home and mode of living have long 
been a cultivated art with the Chinese. 

Some of Chinatown's favorite flowers 
are the peony, (mow din) ; the chrysan- 
themum (gook fah) ; the Chinese water 
lily (suey sin fah) ; the camelia (chah 
fah) ; and the daphne (gum been suey 
heong) . 

Flowers can indeed transform a home, 
giving it a more pleasing and civilizing 
influence. Such a center for our homey 
activities gives one not only beauty and 
serenity, but satisfaction which knows no 
bounds. 



HATS with vivid wings veils flowing 
chiffon tails, cherries, flowers, and more 
flowers. 



CLEVER CLIPS, exotic lapel decora- 
tions, buttons and belts, loud sashes, be- 
wiching boleres, jaunty jacket or cape 
ensembles in stripes or plaids, multi-col- 
ored scarfs of paisley or peasant design. 




New Officers of Portland Chinese Women's Club 

The C. W. C. is considered one of the most active organizations among the 
Portland Chinese. This group was formed during China's flood disaster in 1931 to 
help gather clothing and other material necessities for the flood sufferers. Recently 
a house to house canvass was made by the members to raise funds in behalf of the 
Red Cross to aid flood refugees in midwestern states. 

The officers are, seated, left to riaht: Mrs. Margaret Seito Wong, president; 
Mrs. Stanley Chin. Standing, left to right, Mrs. Winge Hong Lee, Mrs. Park Chin, 
and Dr. G. H. Chan. 



Poge 10 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



THE JADE BOX 



GOUCHUNG GOH • 

A pudding 9 layers high! Can you 
picture anything so deliciously fasci- 
nating? Gouching Goh is a fitting dessert 
for any dinner, or even for just a snack 
with a nice, hot cup of oolong tea. 

Before you slip on that adorable blue 
ap-on let's go down to one of our Chi- 
nese grocery stores and get: 

1 package "mah tu fun" 

1 % pounds "Wong Tong" 

First put 4 cups of "mah tu fun" 
(Chinese flour) in a mixing bowl. Dis- 
solve the "wong tong" (Chinese brown 
sugar) in % cup of water over a slow 
fire. 

With a little water knead the flour 
into dough. Gradually add more water 
until the dough becomes of a consis- 
tency a little thicker than waffle batter. 
Now add the dissolved "wong tong." 

Using a 10 inch pan (aluminum or 
enamel, about 3 or 4 inches deep) pour 
in just enough batter to form a V% inch 
layer. Place pan in a covered kettle 
with enough rapidly boiling water to 
steam cook the batter. This should re- 
quire about 10 minutes, when the batter 
becomes transparent. (As the water 
evaporates in the kettle add more boil- 
ing water.) 

Remove pan from kettle. Pour in an- 
other layer of batter, replace and steam 
cook this layer. Repeat until there are 
5 or 9 or as many layers as you wish. 

There is something to remember. Be 
sure each layer is done before pouring 
on the next. Unless this is observed the 
undone layer will not become cooked 
no matter how long you steam it after- 
wards. 



JADETTES 

. . . .To the Chinese Christian Young 
People's Breakfast group I sauntered 
one Sunday morning last month 
(March 14th) to hear Dr. C. S. Mei, 
Chinese representative of the Narcotics 
commission of the League of Nations. 
When asked how the percentage of wo- 
men opium addicts in China compared 
with that of the men, he replied very 
convincingly, "Women are better 
EVERYWHERE!" (That's something 
to tell friend husband.) 

.... I was trying to collect Jadettes 
around some of our community centers 
and discovered that the Square and 
Circle club of professional and business 
girls are organizing their Circus Var- 
ieties to be presented on May 23 rd at 
the Great China Theater, according 
to Mrs. Thomas W. Chinn, chairman 



of the show. Not satisfied with an all- 
English program, this group will in- 
clude in its repertoire a Chinese play. 

.... Oh^ yes — the community has been 
privileged to hear a series of health 
talks at the Chinese Y. W. C. A., of 
which Mrs. James Lee (Jane Kwong 
Lee) is the very active coordinator. 
Two talks were given in March on 
"Food for Health" and "Fatigue and 
Relaxation." The remaining two talks 
will be given this month on "Personal 
and Community Health" by two nurses 
from the French hospital and "Ma- 
ternal Health" by Dr. Pennington of the 
Maternal Health clinic. 



FASHION TIDBITS 

by Dorothy Wing 

This month's discourse is on a subject 
that grows in importance as time flits 
by. . . . "chapeaux", "head-gear", or 
plain, ordinary "hat", as you will, 
mad'moiselle! We honestly believe that 
no one item can do as much toward en- 
hancing your wardrobe or lifting your 
morale as a new hat. In the milline.:v 
world, last year's hat is as definitely 
outmoded as the horse 'n buggy and all 
because the frilly, feminine mode of '37 
has supplanted the severer and less flat- 
tering one of '36. Head-pieces accom- 
panying tailored suits often have crisp 
net veils designed to make the efficient 
working girl appear a bit less intent en 
scurrying to the office. There's sumpin' 
about veils which is glamorous, intrigu- 
ing, and saucy. Thus, because we want 
to be all of those things, we'll linger 
over lovely little afternoon bonnets with 
floaty wisps attached. And your prac- 
ticed eye won't miss out on the posies 
blooming in profusion atop perky little 
straw affairs. These two items alone 
should gladden the feminine heart be- 
cause what can be more flattering than 
they? 

We've heard remarks time and again 
about the ageless quality of Chinese wo- 
mankind ... in fact, the average Ameri- 
can finds it an almost insurmountable 
task to judge accurately any given 
young Chinese woman's age offhand. 
And this piece of sagacity leads up to 
the fact that, generally speaking, we 
can wear off-the-face hats with more 
facility than mest. There's a definitely 
youthful quality about this type and 
many times you'll find a school-girl 
bow perched at the back to add even 
mo-e to the illusion. More 'n more, 
large brims are invading the picture 
but about all we can do is sigh, sit back 



and admire the effect because our col- 
lective stature prevents us from doing 
more than that. However, if you're tall 
enough (let's say 5 ft. 4 in. or more) then 
by all means attempt it provided your 
heart yearns in that direction. There's 
really nothing more ludicrous than to 
watch a small girl trying to balance a 
hat which looks like an oversized laun- 
dry basket. S-O-O, a final word of 
caution when you're purchasing a nou- 
veau chapeau, get up and walk about 
with it on and gaze critically at yourself 
in a full-length mirror to obtain the 
end-result. Too many of us are inclined 
to be a bit lax and survey the effect 
from a sitting position. After all, doesn't 
it follow that you'll be wearing your hat 
most of the time when you're walking? 
In any event, we'll be USING OUR 
HEADS! 



Philadelphia, Pa. — Dr. Livingstone 
Chunn, M. D., is the only practicing 
Chinese physician of this city. 




Serve 
BELFAST 



BEVERAGES 



at your next party or meeting 

Sparkling Cider 

Orange Crush 

Dry Ginger Ale 

NEW CENTURY 
BEVERAGE CO. 

820 Pacific Ave. DOuglas 0547 
San Franci»co, California 





A 



Ap il, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 11 





HARRY 
FAUNG 
■l-E£ 






SKETCH OF PEARL BUCft 

An ink sketch of Mrs. Pearl S. 
Buck, author of "The Good Earth." 
The sketch is made by Harry F. Lee. 



REVIEWS AND COMMENTS 

and a half old now, but even in such a 
short time it has printed valuable articles 
on Chinese philosophy, art, architecture, 
the drama, fiction, poetry, unpublished 
letters from Justice Holmes to Judge 
Wu and also unpublished letters from 
D. H. Lawrence to Max Mohr. The 
three other editors of this magazine are 
Lin Yutang (at present on leave), T. K. 
Chuan and Wen Yuan-ning. 

Pearl S. Buck, who is always interested 
in any manifestation of the creative mind 
in modern China, paid this worthy trib- 
ute to T'ien Hsia not long ago: "Here 
are leading Chinese minds, deliberately 
holding themselves free from political 
bias, to work upon ideas, and through 
the presentation of ideas to extend world 
understanding. . . . They do so in bean- 
tiful and cultivated English, which is 
a pleasure for those readers to whom 
English is a native tongue." 

Chinese Recently, in a conversa- 

Painting tion in which the subject 

of appreciation of Chin- 
ese painting was brought up, there was 
practically no one in our Chinatown here 
who could, in truth, be called an expert on 
the interpretation and criticism of Chin- 
ese painting, ancient or modern. Not 
long ago we had Mr. Kang S. Hong, 
who was an art collector and who had 
studied Chinese painting for many years. 
Unfortunately, Mr. Hong suffered a par- 
alytic stroke some months ago and has 
since been confined in a hospital, and is 
said to be a practically incurable case. 

With so many Americans and our 
second generation young people inter- 
ested in Chinese art today, it would be 
useful, and perhaps even profitable, for 
some of us to take up an extensive study 
of Chinese painting and become authori- 
ties on the subject. It is not as hard as 
it would seem. One has to start by read- 
ing up all the books available in English 
on Chinese painting. And fortunately 
there are a good many such tomes, writ- 
ten by world reknown authorities which 
should be digested with care and their 
contents thoroughly grasped. 

As a starter, I may mention a recently 
published book on this very subject which 
has gained a rather wide American aud- 
ience. This volume is called The Chinese 
Eye, an interpretation of Chinese paint- 
ing, and is, happily, written by a Chin- 
ese who is himself an artist, Chiang Yee. 

The author undertakes to explain the 
o-igin, technique and symbollisms of 
Chinese painting to the West. He traces 
the beginning of Chinese picture writ- 
ing from 2500 B. C. and on down the 
centuries. He shows the deevlopment 



Believe it or not, "The Good Earth" is 
supporting the Irish! For Wang Lung's 
farm at Chatsworth is being converted 
into an Irish village for the coming pic- 
ture "Parnell," starring Myrna Loy and 
Clark Gable. Montague Love, whose 
self-portrait you see above plays the part 
of Gladstone. 

JOTTINGS FROM A REVIEWER'S 
NOTEBOOK 

John Wu and "Reading is an art as 
Tien Hsia much as writing. If a 

man had attained the 
spiritual stage of selflessness, he could en- 
joy the writings of another just as whole- 
heartedly as if they were his own pro- 
ducts; for they are but a record of the 
heart throbs of humanity, of which every 
individual forms an integral part. As 
Spengler so beautifully puts it, 'one great 
pulse-beat operates through all the de- 
tached souls.' " 

This beautiful paragraph, an expres- 
sion of a philosophical mind, comes from 
the pen of one of China's best writers 
in English, John C. H. Wu, lawyer and 
essayist. It appears in his newest book 
of essays entitled "The Art of Law and 
Other Essays, Juridical and Literary," 
published by the Commercial Press. 

Judge Wu is better known as a literary 
man than as a lawyer. He is an editor 
of T'ien Hsia, an English monthly which 
is devoted to the "traffic of ideas" and 
sponsored by the Sun Yat-Sen Institute 
for the Advancement of Culture and 
Education. Of all the periodicals now 
published in China, whether in Chinese 
or English, T'ien Hsia easily heads the 
list in the cultural field. It is but a year 



of the line and brush stroke as the 
fundamental technique of Chinese paint- 
ing. He reveals how the art of painting 
has been influenced by China's long his- 
tory, her philosophy and her religions. 
He contrasts and explains the diffe-ences 
between Chinese and Western painting. 

This book was not written for art 
experts but for laymen interested in 
studying Chinese painting, and serves 
such a purpose admirably. 

It has been said that Chinese art alone 
will make a permanent contribution to 
universal culture. If such is the case 
then a comprehensive knowledge of this 
subject should be made a sine qua non 
for every educated Chinese. 

New Drama We have mentioned Dr. 
In China Shih I. Hsiung several 

times in these columns, 
he who adapted "Lady Precious Stream" 
for the London stage. After spending 
several years on the Continent, during 
which time he translated "Lady Precious 
Stream" and "The Western Chamber" 
(Hsi-hsiang Chi) into English and had 
them published in both England and 
America, he returned to China some 
months ago. There he found that the 
modern drama is being introduced into 
the remote interiors of the country by 
the aid of much government money. In 
other words, he found that the drama 
was being subsidized, through the Na- 
tional Academy of Dramatic Arts, in 
much the same way as the Federal The- 
atre Project is being subsidized by the 
WPA (Works Progress Administration) 
in America. 

Mr. Yui Shang-yuen, director of the 
NADA, is an advocate of the new 
(Continued on p. 18, col. 2) 



Poge 12 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



CHINESE FIGHT ANTI-ALIEN 
LAND BILL IN TEXAS 

Houston, Tex. — On Feb. 16, a bill 
known as S. B. No. 266 was introduced 
in the Senate of the Texas legislature 
by Sen. J. Franklin Spears of San An- 
tonio. It was referred to the State Af- 
fairs Committee. 

On Feb. 22, another bill, H. B. No. 640, 
exactly similar to S. B. No. 266, was 
introduced in the House of Representa- 
tives of the Texas Legislature by Repre- 
sentative P. E. Dickson of San Antonio. 
This was referred to the Judiciary Com- 
mittee. 

The provision of this bill was ostensibly 
to amend Title 5 of the Revised Civil 
Statute of Texas of 1925 to limit the 
ownership of land in that state by aliens 
ineligible for naturalization — Chinese, 
Japanese, Hindus — to reduce the time for 
which property may be held by such aliens, 
and to further change the rights, limita- 
tion and exceptions of such aliens. 

Articles 166 to 177 of Title 5 of the 
present Statute specifies that aliens are not 
permitted to own any land in Texas, but 
exceptions are made to certain classes of 
aliens and in certain incorporated towns 
or cities. Therefore, under present laws, 
Chinese as well as Japanese aliens have 
acquired properties within such incorpor- 
ated areas. 

Under the bill introduced by Spears 
and Dickison, however, these exceptions 
are to be removed altogether so that no 
aliens of any classes or aliens ineligible 
for naturalization — Chinese, Japanese, 
and Hindus — will be permitted to hold 
any property in Texas. Spears explained 
that his bill would not affect property 
owners now owning property but only 
those aliens who come into the state from 
now on. Supporters of this amendment 
declared the bill would enact similar laws 
now in force in California, New Mexico, 
Oregon and other Western and Pacific 
states. 

Following the introduction of the 
Spears and Dickison bill the Chinese 
Vice-Consulate in Houston, Texas, se- 
cured full details of the bill and transmit- 
ted the information to the Chinese com- 
munities in the state, located mainly in 
San Antonio, El Paso and Houston. 
Immediately three Chinese organizations 
were set up to protest the enactment of 
the bill. The Wah Kew Lun Hup Wui 
(United Chinese League) was organized 
in San Antonio; the Wah Kew Tuan 
Tigh Wui (Chinese Association) was set 
up in El Paso; and a third, composed of 
American-borns, known as the Chinese- 



CHINA PRESS JUBILEE 

As announced in our last issue, 
a consignment of 100 copies of 
the Silver Jubilee edition of the 
China Press arrived here from 
China recently, and the Chinese 
Digest was designated to act as 
agent in handling their sale. 
This special edition is printed in 
magazine form^, size 15 by 20 
inches, contained 204 pages, 86 
informative and valuable articles, 
and lavishly illustrated. 

A few of the articles are as fol- 
lows: "The New Life Movement 
in China," by Madame Chiang 
Kai-Shek; "Financial Recon- 
struction of Modern China," by 
H. H. Kung; "History of Jour- 
nalism in China," by Hin Wong; 
"The Government and Overseas 
Chinese," by Lin Yu; "China's 
Foreign Trade Since 1911," by 
P. W. Kuo. 

A limited supply of copies is 
still available. This special edi- 
tion of the China Press is invalu- 
able to all overseas Chinese inter- 
ested in the various problems and 
aspects of modern China from 
1911 to the present. 

Price is $2.50 per copy, plus 
postal charges. Readers may call, 
phone or mail in their orders 
with their checks for copies. 



American Citizen League of Texas, was 
also established at San Antonio. 

On March 9 the State Affairs Commit- 
tee met to consider the Spears bill. Chief 
supporters of it were: A. L. Becker, head 
of the Handy-Andy Company, chain 
store system of San Antonio; and former 
Senator Walter Woodward, representing 
the Texas Retail Merchants Association. 
Many of the senators present did not 
favor the bill. Senator Small piped up: 
"I want to be careful about what we do — 
if the Supreme Court is changed a lot 
of us may want to move to a friendly 
land and buy property!" 

Opposition to the bill came from two 
sources. The Chinese, naturally, wanted 
to defeat it. But organizations directly 
connected with Texas export trade to 
China and Japan sent telegrams of heat- 
ed protests to the committee. They came 
from Dallas, Fort Worth, Corpus Christi, 
Corsicana, Greenville, Waco, Galvaston 
and Houston, centers of cotton and oil 
export centers which sell more than $15,- 



000,000 worth of products to China an- 
nually. 

Testified Mr. Becker: "We are not 
trying to persecute anyone. We are just 
trying to protect the influx of aliens from 
the Pacific Coast states." 

Questioned Sen. Holbrook: "What are 
these aliens doing — getting a root in the 
grocery business in San Antonio?" 

Replied Becker: "Yes. There are some 
112 stores there owned chiefly by the 
Chinese; one or two by the Japanese." 

Holbrook: "Well, haven't most of these 
stores been established a long time?" 

Becker: "Most of them since Gen. 
Pershing brought the 500 Chinese from 
Mexico just before the World War." 

"How many Chinese live in San An- 
tonio?" asked Sen. W. B. Collie. 

"Senator, that is hard to answer," re- 
plied Becker. "But in the NRA parade 
in San Antonio there were 2500 Chinese." 

First to speak against the bill was Mrs. 
D. T. Swain, chairman of the local Inter- 
national Institute as well as organizer of 
the League of United Latin-American 
Citizens. She refuted Becker's statement 
that there were 2500 Chinese in San An- 
tonio. She declared that there were only 
700 Chinese in the entire state of Texas 
and approximately 300 are in San Antonio. 
She added that no Chinese citizen was 
on relief and few of them were ever in 
criminal courts. 

The most dramatic speaker during the 

entire hearing was a Chinese woman, Mrs. 

T. H. Wu, wife of a Chinese merchant. 

an American-born and chairman of the 

local Chinese Division of the Women's 

Democratic Committee. She was formerly 

Rose Don of Tucson, Arizona. 
o 

CHINESE NAMED TO REPRESENT 

U. C. AT NATIONAL MEETING 

OF MATHEMATICIANS 

Berkeley, Calif.— Dr. B. C. Wong, as- 
sociate professor of Mathematics at the 
University of California, has been K- 
lected by the University of California to 
represent the institution at a national 
conference of mathematics professors to 
be held at Columbia university, New 
York city, from April 24-26th, 1937. 
Dr. Wong is reputed to be one of the 
best minds in analytical geometry (See 
Chinese Digest Oct. 2, 1937) and will 
read a paper at the national conclave of 
mathematicians. Mathematicians from 
Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia. 
New York and other leading universities 
will be present. 

The University of California Alumni 
association of New York will honor Dr. 
B. C. Wong with a dinner and a reunion 
when he arrives in New York citv. For 




April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 13 



CHINATOWNIA 



over a score of years Dr. Wong has 
taught modestly at the Berkeley campus 
and has made many friends among his 
former students who are now in all walks 
of life. With this national recognition 
thrust upon him the Californians of the 
Empire State will give an appropriate 
reception to a distinguished member of 
their Alma Mater's faculty. Dr. Wong 
received his M. A. and Ph. D. from the 
University of California, and is the 
counsellor of the Chinese students at the 
University. 

Canton, China — A recent census taken 
by the provincial authorities showed the 
population of Kwangtung as 31,882,899 
persons. 



The China Press Weekly is the 
English supplement to the China 
Press Daily. Its weekly editions 
cover the following subjects: 

Current events, both political and 
otherwise, throughout the country 
are comprehensively reported. 

Letters from special correspond- 
ents stationed in all parts of China 
serve to give first-hand informa- 
tion not usually carried in outgoing 
news cables from China. 

Each issue contains many news 
pictures of outstanding personali- 
ties and scenes of current impor- 
tant happenings. 

Translations of contemporary 
Chinese literature is presented in 
a section entitled "Fiction and 
Poetry." In poetry the Chinese 
originals are published alongside 
the English translations. 

Editorials of the week reprinted 
from the China Press Daily. 

"We are desirous that the Chi- 
nese abroad should be adequately 
informed on current events in 
China which are shaping forcefully 
and swiftly towards a gigantic end. 
To those of our countrymen in 
the United States who are English- 
speaking, my colleagues and I take 
pleasure in presenting the China 
Press Weekly." 

M. T. Z. Tyau, Editor 
China Press Weekly. 

The office of the Chinese Di- 
gest has copies of the China Press 
Weekly and anyone interested is 
invited to inspect them. Subscrip- 
tions may. be placed with the Chi- 
nese Digest. Rate in U. S. $7.50 
per year, including postage. 



CHINESE AND JAPANESE FIGHT 
ANTI-FOREIGN LANGUAGE BILL 

San Francisco — A Senate bill intro- 
duced in the 52nd session of the Calif- 
ornia legislature now meeting in Sacra- 
mento and designed to control the foreign 
language schools in the state, has created 
apprehension and alarm through Chinese, 
Japanese, and Italian educational bodies. 
In one respect, it may even affect aca- 
demic freedom in California. 

Introduced as Senate bill 540 by Sena- 
tor Jack Metzger of Tehama, Glenn, and 
Colusa Counties, the bill, adopted, would 
compel the licensing of all foreign lan- 
guage schools by the State Board of Edu- 
cation, and the denial by law of any li- 
cense to any foreign language schools 
for minors or adults who are citizens of 
the United States. 

Section 3 of the bill provides for cer- 
tain exemptions, such as the public 
schools, state endowed universities and 
subdivisions, those established by reli- 
gious denominations and certain enumer- 
ated institutions such as Stanford uni- 
versity, California School of Mechanical 
arts, California Academy of Science, 
Cogswell Polytechnical college, "or any 
other college or unive r sity receiving aid 
from the State of California." 

Section 4 provides for the visitation and 
supervision of the licensed schools by the 
State Department of Education. Section 
5 states that appeals regarding decisions 
of the State Board of Education could 
only be made review in the State's Su- 
preme Court. 

That the bill is highly discriminatory 
in nature is the belief of many foreign 
language educators, chiefly Chinese and 
Japanese groups. They pointed out that 
the passage of the bill would perhaps 
open the way for similar actions against 
American language schools in foreign 
countries. Certain foreign language edu- 
cators believed it may even lead to the 
surrender of the American tradition of 
academic freedom in the state and 
pointed to Section 1 of the bill. This 
section states that no person, firm, or 
corporation shall conduct any school, in- 
stitute, or class "wheein any foreign lan- 
guage is taught" without license. This 
can mean that any private institutions 
of learning NOT cove-ed by the exemp- 
tions must be licensed and supervised be- 
fore any foreign language could be 
taught, whether German, French, Italian, 
Chinese, or Japanese. The numerous pri- 
vate junior colleges, the colleges and uni- 
versities that have left previous church 
affiliations, and institutions for the promo- 



tion of international cultures are not cov- 
ered by the exemptions stated in the Metz- 
ger bill. If the bill is passed, will it give 
dictatorial power to the State Board of 
Education in the control of the teaching 
of foreign languages in California? 

Evidently cultural and foreign lan- 
guage teaching groups think so. The 
Northern California Japanese Gakuen 
federation and the Japanese-American 
Citizens' league are studying the bill and 
taking measures to defeat its passage. 
Sylvester Andriano, former San Francis- 
co supervisor and at present attorney for 
the Italian Consulate-General here, 
voiced the sentiments of the Italian 
people that the bill was objectionable. 
The Chinese Educational association has 
asked that Chinese Consolidated Bene- 
volent association (Six Companies) take 
the lead in the interests of the Chinese 
language schools, of which there are ten 
in San Francisco and many in other parts 
of the state, to combat the bill. 

The International institute was heard 
from as Miss Annie Clo Watson, its sec- 
retary, voiced her protest that the bill 
would engender anti-alien feelings in the 
state of California. — L. P. L. 

NEW DORMITORY OF CHINESE 
OLD MEN'S HOME OPENED 

Honolulu, T. H. — Amid the loud 
blasts of fire-crackers, Chinese music, and 
melodious Hawaiian music, the new dor- 
mitory of the Palolo Old Men's home for 
Chinese was opened. Clad comfortably 'n 
loose shirts and dungarees, slippers to 
slide around in, the inmates stood by 
while visitors inspected the new quarters. 
A feature of the celebration was music 
of the Royal Hawaiian band. Tea, can- 
dies, and other Chinese delicacies were 
served by Chinese women. 

The new dormitory houses 40 people, 
in addition to 107 who are housed at pres- 
ent in the main building. The oldest and 
youngest men are 97 and 68, respectively. 
All the inmates were born in China and 
came to the islands over fifty years ago, 
the majority to work in the sugar cane 
fields. 

The construction of the new quarters 
was made possible by the local Chinese 
organizations, led by the Hawaiian Chi- 
nese Civic association and the Hawaiian 
Suga- Planters' association. These or- 
ganizations aided in the collection of 
about $10,000 for the erection of the dor- 
mitory. 

The new dormitory was designed by 
Y. T. Char, local Chinese architect. 
Total c >st of the building was $12,000. 



Page 14 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



CHINATOWNIA 



THE CHINATOWN IAN 

R,aa+n'd. An&uwd 

We start with an earthquake this 
month, for a miniature one rolled a lot 
of us out of our beds one early morning 
recently. It frightened many an old- 
timer, for the severe rolling motion in 
Chinatown from Stockton St. up re- 
minded them for several vivid seconds of 
the 1906 disaster. . . .Then for days after- 
ward everybody around me seemed to be 
talking of earthquake experiences. . . . 
Which reminds me that Herbert Fong 
was in L.A. when the '32 quake hit that 
town. He and a friend were in a car 
pa^kt'd on Spring St. in the shadow of 
an old building, when the earth began to 
shake. He didn't like his situation, so 
grabbed the wheel and raced out of his 
parking place. About 20 feet away he 
looked back. The spot where he was 
parked was buried under tons and tons 
of bricks! L.A. nearly had a crush on 
you, Herbie!. . . . Wedding bells have 
pealed for Sammy Yee of Marysville 
and Esther Lee of Chico. . . . Wedding 
banquets were held in Sac'to and Locke 
to celebrate the marriage of Hattie Chan 
of Sac'to to Leonard Owyang of Locke 
.... And nearer home Wing Lew of 
Oakland and Clara Tom of Vallejo have 
stepped to the altar. Both are U. C. 
grads. Another pair of new Mr. and Mrs. 
are Charles Kee and Jennie Ng. . . . 
Close friends of Willie Gee and Marion 
Tong are whispering congratulations 
to the happy couple. They were sup- 
posed to be secretly married across the 
state line, but his friends got wise to him! 
Happy Congrats from this column to 
you all! .... 

Francis Louie Hay passed out seegars 
for the third time while the Missus 
(nee Emma Wong) looked proudly on. 
It's a 7 pounder baby girl named Merle, 
yes sir! .... The S. F. Chinese Tennis 
club (Chitena) is putting on a popularity 
contest that will cover lots of territory. 
Some of the contestants for the honor of 
being named Miss Chitena are Violet 
Yee, former Marysville girl, with Kern 
Loo as manager; Janie Koe, former Port- 
land and Astoria girl now visiting in L.A. 
with Tommy Leong AND Dan Lee as 
managers; Lily Leong, honor student of 
her class at Lux Institute, has Chickie 
Ch : nn as manager; Marionne Dong, 
Watsonville lass now at Cal with Her- 
bert Lee, leader of the Young Repub- 
licans, as manager; and Alice M. Chew 
of Menlo Park and a track and tennis 
star, is managered by Bob Woo, insur- 
ance man. . . . Emma Wong of Vallejo 



has another Vallejoan, Frank Tom, as 
her manager; while Rubye Foo, formerly 
of Marysville, has Art Hee, local sports- 
man. . . . And last but not least, Esther 
Tom, popular senior at Galileo, is man- 
aged by Fred G. Woo, local newspaper 
reporter. . . . 

Jimmie Lee of San Jose escorted not 
one, but 4 gals to the recent Chitena 
skating party! "Did you fall yet?" was 
everybody's chorus at both the Oakland 
Chinese A. C. and Galileo skating re- 
vels. . . . The Wah Ying club had an 
open house recently, with Dan Yee, 
George LLm, and Park Leong doing some 
nice work on the reception committee. . . . 
Ever courteous Lee Him in spick and 
span uniform was the only Chinese 
greeter on board the streamlined S. P. 
train "The Daylight" when it was placed 
here on exhibition before going in ser- 
vice. ... A happy throng was at Oak- 
land Chinese Youth Circle's spring 
dance to do honor to their Queen, tiny 
Miss Lily Soo Woo. . . . Tommy Hing 
and Gladys Quock trotted off with the 
coveted Waltz prize. . . . 

Grace and Lona Lowe are burning up 
the Cal courts with a nice brand of ten- 
nis. . . . And P. K. Wong, local import 
man, has been practicing badminton at 
the playground on sunny week-ends. 
The game is not as bad as the first syllable 
of its name sounds, no sir. . . . Allen 
Chan, Kuon Dong and Fred K. Wong of 
Sac'to were in town one Sunday, coming 
here just for the purpose of looking at 
the freighter Frank H. Buck, recently 
wrecked off Land's End. 

Are you still listening? ... A house to 
house salesman was trying to sell Mrs. 
Joe Leong (nee Daisy Leong) of Sac'to a 
can of flea powder for her dog. But 
while the lady was making up her mind 
it was found her dog had been stolen and 
a good sales talk came to naught. Dog- 
gone it, I'd say. . . . Earl Goon and 
Chin Hong of Watsonville were seen 
visiting friends and relatives at Auburn 



and Sac'to. . . . Annabelle Wong, Chi. 
Dig's N. Y. C. correspondent, left that 
city to go back to her home town, Wat- 
sonville, where she now is. . . . The N.Y. 
Chinese A. C. had a wonderful time at 
its annual dinner in the Skyroom atop 
the St. Moritz hotel. 



Interesting Articles in Recent 
Publications 

In Amerasia magazine for March 
(Vol. 1, No. 1): 

1. "China and American Far 
Eastern Policy," by Frederick V. 
Field; 

2. "Political Strategy of Tokio 
vs. Nanking," by Owen Latimore; 

3. "New Alignment in Chinese 
Politics," by Ch'ao-ting Chi. 

"A Chinese Man of Letters," 
(interview with Lin Yutang,) by 
Vincent Starrett. Globe (Vol. 1, 
No. 1) for March. 

"A Chinaman Takes an Ameri- 
can Wife," by Pardee Lowe. A con- 
densation of two articles that 
appeared in January and February 
1937 issues of Asia. Magazine 
Digest for March. 

''Doing Business in China," by 
H. R. Gola. Condensed in Maga- 
zine Digest for March. 

In Asia magazine for March 
(20th anniversary issue) : 

1. "The New Road," by Pearl 
S. Buck; 

2. "How to Weigh an Ele- 
phant," by Berthold Laufer; 

3. "I learned about China from 
Then," by Nathaniel Peffer; 

4. "Tragic Mountain," by P. K. 
Mok. 

"Free Samples in China," by Carl 
Crow. In Harpers for March. 

"Under Chiang's Hat," by Jim 
Marshall. In Colliers for March 6, 
1937. 



UNlvEfcSIT)' OP 
<AUF»QN1A <H»NESE 
STUDENTS CLUB 



INFORMAL 



APRIL 3, 1937 
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE 

LEN RAPOSE'S 



3:00-1:00 



pei* cpik 

TAX »NCL 



mu Si c 



V a- 




April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Page 15 



CHINATOWNIA 



The L. A. Chinese Tennis club has 
Geo. Chan as new prexy and Ralph 
Wong as vice-prexy. . . . While the same 
city's Mei Wah outfit recently had a 
grand skating party at the Shrine audi- 
torium, and plenty of liniment and pad- 
ding were used the next day. . . . But 
skating continues to be popular with the 
younger set. . . . 

The L. A. Chinese Students gave 
their annual collegiate prom in honor of 
L. A.'s Vice-Consul and Mrs. Yi-seng 
Kiang. . . . New officers of the U. S. C. 
Chinese Student club are Young Chiu, 
president; Guy Ho, vice-president, Elsie 
Young, secretary; and Edwin Dju, treas- 
urer . . . 

Bill Jing is new prexy of Bakersfleld's 
Cathay club. A new organization was 
formed in Bakersfield recently called just 
plain Chinese Students' Club. . . . From 
the same town we hear complaints from 
Al Lee and Caesar Jung that "S. F. is too 
far away." . . .And how true is the rumor 
that Kay Lee is causing a break between 
some nice-looking Romeos? . . . Larry 
Sue had a great appetite for chow mein 
but since a certain gal left town he has 
lost his fondness for this dish. Now 
he's drinking bitter tea, I presume? . . . 
For the title of "Curley Top" we nom- 
inate Adam Wu and Snooky Leong. 
Who are your candidates? ... A large 
crowd from Bakersfield, Fresno, Visalia, 
and surrounding points graced the Han- 
ford Chinese Student Club dance. Ern- 
est Wing toastmastered at the party given 
by the Hanford CSC to the Bakersfield 
Cathay club in the newly opened Lotus 
Bowl at the former city. . . . Yep, they 
have a Lotus Bowl in Hanford, too, 
owned by Jimmie and Gladys Lunn. . . . 

Bill Got, of L. A. and points north, 
was seen sitting down in front of Dr. 
Ted Lee's dental office. On a sitdown 
strike, Bill? . . . The Chinese girls in 
Fresno turned out en masse at the recent 
basketball games of the Fay Wahs and 
cheered for the boys of their favorite 
team to win. . . . Charles Leong has been 
elected the editor of his school paper, 
The Spartan, of San Jose State college. 
Congrats, Charles, we knew you'd do 
it! . . . 

Spring rains failed to prevent the 
Tri-Chi Spring Frolick from being a 
gay party. . . . Frank B. Lim, Eli 
Eng, P. S. Chinn, Al Fong and K. C. 
Kim saw to it that everybody enjoyed 
themselves. . . . Chickie Qhinn and 
Smoky Joe Wong are taking over the 
management of the popular Shanghai 
Coffee shop soon and plans to have a 
swell cook there. Well, we'll be having 
chicken with you soon, Chickie! 



RECENT BOOKS ON CHINA AND 
THINGS CHINESE 

"Introductions to Literary 
Chinese." By J. J. Brandt, 352 pp. 
Peiping, Henri Vetch. U. S. $5.50 

A study of the best in ancient 
and modern Chinese literary writ- 
ings, with the Chinese originals. 
Invaluable to English students of 
Chinese Literature. The same 
author wrote "Modern News- 
paper Chinese." 

"China Hand." By James 
Lafayette Hutchison. 418 pp. 
Boston; Lothrop, Lee 6C Shepard 
Co. $3.50 

Reminiscences of a former 
American tobacco company agent 
in. China. Illustrations by the 
author. 

"A History of the Far East. By 
Harold Vinacke. N. Y.: Crofts. 
Revised edition of a textbook. 

"Interracial Marriage in Ha- 
waii." By Romanzo Adams. N. 
Y.: Macmillan. $4.00. 

"A study of mutually condi- 
tioned processes of acculturation 
and amalgamation." Contains a 
chapter on Chinese interracial 
marriages in the Islands. 

"Heroic China." By P. Miff. 
Pamphlet. N. Y.: Workers Li- 
brary. P. O. Box 148, Station D. 
15 cents. 

An account of 15 years of the 
Communist party in China from 
a pro-Communist viewpoint. 

"The Romance of th Calendar." 
By P. W. Wilson. 251 pp. N. Y.: 
W. W. Norton & Co. $3. 

A comprehensive, readable ac- 
count of the calendar's history from 
its beginning. Contains one chap- 
ter on China's calendar. 

"John E. Williams of Nan- 
king." By W. Reginald Wheeler. 
Revell. $2. 

Biography of an American mis- 
sionary's life in China. 



LAKE TAHOE CONFERENCE 
FACULTY ANNOUNCED 

San Francisco — -The Lake Tahoe Sum- 
mer conference for Chinese youth, an 
annual gathering sponsored by the West- 
ern Department of the Chinese Student 
Christian association and the Chinese 
Christian youths of California, will meet 
for the fifth year at Zephyr Point, Lake 
Tahoe, from August 8 to 15th, 1937, 



Mr. Edwar Lee, president, has an- 
nounced. 

The faculty appointments for this 
year's conference are as follows: Mr. 
T. Y. Tang, General Secretary of the 
Chinese Y. M. C. A. in San Francisco, 
as Dean of the Conference; Prof. George 
H. Colliver of the College of the Paci- 
fic; Mr. Lawton D. Harris, Executive 
of the Oakland Church Federation; 
Prof. T. Y. Ni of the University of 
Nanking; Dr. Charles R. Shepherd, 
Superintendent of the Chung Mei Home 
at EI Cerrito; Prof. James Muilen- 
burg of the Pacific School of Religion 
in Berkeley; and Rev. T. T. Taam of 
Los Angles. 

The 1936 conference was attended by 
some 125 young Chinese people, and it 
is expected a like number will participate 
this year, according to Lim P. Lee, pub- 
licity chairman fer the Conference. 



CHINATOWNIAN CHINESE 
STUDENT CLUBS HOLD 
JOINT MEETING 

Berkeley, Calif. — A joint meeting of 
the Chinese students of the S. F. Junior 
college and the U. of C. Chinese Student 
club members was held on March 24, 
with the latter playing host at the Ber- 
keley campus. 

This was the second affair of its kind, 
according to David K. Lee, the U. C. 
club president, and is intended to foster 
better social relations between the stu- 
dents of these two institutions. He an- 
nounced that the students have spared 
neither time nor expenses in making this 
an exceptional affair. 

The LJ. C. Chinese students will hold 
their Spring Informal dance this year on 
April 3, at International house in Ber- 
keley, it was announced at this meeting. 

o 

Oregon College Has Exchange Students 

Portland Ore. — The Phi Kappa Phi 
chapter of Oregon State college launched 
an exchange scholarship program with 
Lingman university, Canton, China, two 
years ago. Since that time three students 
from Oregon have studied in China and 
two from Lingnan have come to Oregon 
State. 

Miss Lai Sheung Luk came from Can- 
ton for the 1936-37 sessions, and Miss 
Chung Kwai for the 1937-38 sessions at 
the Oregon State College. 
o 

Stockton, Calif. — Joseph Won was the 
winner of the first prize in a literary 
contest recently conducted by the Stock- 
ton California Western States Life In- 
surance company. 



Page 16 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



SPORTS 



CHINESE GOLFERS BRIGHTEN 
TOURNAMENT 

Playing in the face of a driving rain 
and wind that sent many a less experi- 
enced golfer to the showers, Thomas 
Kwan won the third annual Chinese Golf 
Tournament March 21, at Harding Park, 
San Francisco, disposing of Glenn Lym, 
last year's champion, 3-2. 

Lym had the day before disposed of 
Charles Lowe, 2-3, but could not cope 
with Kwan's exceptionally straight game 
and sensational approach shots. 

The annual San Francisco Golf 
championships held in March saw the 
special Chinese flight go into their third 
annual tournament which concluded on 
the 20th. 

Sixteen Chinese players started, and as 
this is being written, three players go into 
the final rounds of the tourney. Charles 
Lowe meets Glenn Lym to decide who 
shall meet Thomas Kwan, veteran sharp- 
shooter, who, on the nineteenth hole, 
gained the final round by virtue of a win 
over Dr. Daniel Yuke. 

Started three years ago, the special 
Chinese flight has been of particular in- 
terest to the golf fans of the city. The 
first year saw top honors go to C. C. 
Wing, attorney; in 1936, Glenn Lym, 
youthful University of California grad- 
uate, took home the trophies. 

Golf in this city has been indulged in 
by a small group of Chinese many years 
ago, but the inauguration of the Chinese 
Golf club and the first tourney did not 
take place until 1935. Prior to that time, 
not more than a dozen players were swing- 
ing clubs. It remained for C. C. Wing 
and a few of his cohorts to bring about 
the formation of the club. In this they 
were eminently successful, as adjudged 
by the faithful attendance of almost 
every one of its charter members in the 
game today. 

Most of the sixteen members have 
gone over the par 69 Lincoln course in 
the very low seventies and, it would seem, 
will be able to compete on at least even 
terms with anyone by next year, a close 
observer stated. 

The following players competed in 
this year's play: George Jue, Dr. Collin 
Dong, Charles Lowe, Henry Lum, B. K. 
Chan, Glenn Lym, William Law, Chin 
Yat, C. C. Wing, Hubert Dong, Thom- 
as Y. Kwan, Dr. Lester C. Lee, Dr. 
James Hall, Thomas Leong, Dr. Daniel 
Yuke, and Dr. Theodore C. Lee. 

The defeated eight will play a conso- 
lation medal round on the 21st at Lin- 
coln Park, while the finals will be be 




Coming into the final rounds of the Chinese Golf Tournament, the four players 
pictured here played off for the right to meet in the final round March 21. 
They are, left to right: Thomas Y. Kwan, Dr. Daniel Yuke, Charles Lowe, and 
Glenn Lym. Lym is last year's winner. 



played on that same day at Harding 
Park. It was also announced that the 
awards will be given immediately after 
the match. 

Trophies for the winner and the run- 
ner-up were donated by the Emporium 
(S. F.) and the National Dollar stores. 
In the consolation round, golf balls were 
donated by Lim Foong. 

o 

SOFTBALL GAMES WANTED 

According to Manager Frank B. Lim, 
the University of California Chinese Stu- 
dent club softball team, now engaged in 
playing intramural game, desires to have 
a few outside games also. Lim may be 
reached at 606 25th St., Oakland, or by 
phoning Lakeside 2972. 



CHINESE WINS STATE 
CHAMPIONSHIP 

Hock Ong, Singapore Chinese, won 
the California State Badminton cham- 
pionship March 21st at Oakland by de- 
feating last year's champion and pre- 
tourney favorite, Chet Goss, of Bever- 
ley Hills, 12-15, 15-4, 15-8. 

A former Cambridge student and at 
present a post-graduate student at the 
University of California, Ong covered 
too much territory for the hard hitting 
Goss. Ong was also a semi-finalist in 
the All-England tournament last year. 



HANFORD BOWS TO BAKERSFIELD 

Staging a last quarter comeback, the 
Cathay club, Bakersfield, defeated the 
Hanford Chinese Student club for the 
second time this year by the close score 
of 31 to 27 dn February 5. It took an 
extra five minutes to break a tie. 

H. Leong, J. Dunn, and E. Wing 
starred for the losers while Adam Wu of 
Bakersfield was outstanding for the 
Cathays. 



FAY WAH FRESNO BASKETBALL 
CHAMPIONS 

For the first time in history, a Chinese 
team managed to garner a championship 
in the City of Raisins, Fresno, when the 
Fay Wah team became citv champions in 
the minor division of the Playground 
league. 

Small, but fast and elusive. Fay Wall 
defeated last year's winner, the tall 
Woodsmen of the World, bv the score 
of 25-17. It was a play-off, both teams 
having tied with two losses apiece. 
Heroes for the Chinese were Tov Wong. 
Hiram Ching, and Floyd Sam, with Ir- 
win Chow and George Wong starring on 
defense. Mr. Albert Chinn, coach and 




April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Pos« 17 



SPORTS 



manager, deserves all the credit for put- 
ting out such an excellent team, close 
friends of the team stated. 

The Fay Wah club, most active group 
in Fresno, sponsored the Chinese Play- 
ground and Recreation program held 
March 18 at the new Fresno Memorial 
auditorium. A song and dance number 
was auspiciously presented by Chinese 
girls in native costume under the direc- 
tion of Miss Sarra Sann, Mrs. B.Y. Lew, 
and Mrs. Raymond Wong. 

WAH YENS UNDEFEATED 
QUINTET 

With Edmund and Walter Yee cast in 
the starring roles, the Wah Yen club of 
Sacramento captured the city basketball 
league championship recently. The team, 
managed by Woodrow Louie, went 
through the hoop season undefeated. 
The following players were awarded with 
medals: 

Edmund Yee, Walter Yee, Yuk Fong, 
Fred Fong, Joe Fong, Melvin Lee, and 
Benjamin Yuke. 

o 

Irwin Chow, Fresno State Chinese stu- 
dent, earned his numeral in football, be- 
sides being an exceptional star athlete 
in basketball and tennis. 
Sports Activities at the Chinese "Y" 

Athletic activities were many and var- 
ied during the past month at the Chinese 
Y. M. C. A. Basketball was the main 
sport, indulged in by more boys than in 
any other sport, such as boxing, wrestling, 
gymnastics, volley ball, and swimming. 

In the short period of three months, 
the Chinese "Y" 90-pounder basketball 
team took two championships, the De- 
cathlon and the Junior Athletic Federa- 
tion. The team is coached by Frank 
Wong, varsity forward. Regulars of the 
squad are Harry Chin, Theodore Fung, 
Jack Seid, Maurice Young, David 
Chang, William Lum, Donald Fong, and 
Mow Keum. 

Every Monday, Wednesday, and Fri- 
day night is Business Men's Gym Class 
night. Volley ball is the favorite pastime 
of the group. The Men's Volley Ball 
squad is composed of these members: 
S. L. Wong, Andrew Wu, P. K. Wong, 
Kaye Hong, Philip Leong, Peter Lau, 
Alfred Lee, James Mah, and others. New 
members are invited to learn this popular 
game. 

In the recent Decathlon Swimming 
meet, the Chinese "Y" swimmers took 
second places in Class "A" and "B" and 
were third in Class "C". Central branch 
won first places in all classes. The Chi- 
nese swimmers are coached by Francis 
Mark. 



SPRING TENNIS 

As this magazine reaches you, the 
Spring Tennis tournament will be under 
way unless the weather holds it up. 
Scheduled to start March 20^ the day 
before saw strong winds and rain in the 
city. 

Sponsored by Consul-General C. C. 
Huang of San Francisco, the matches are 
to be played off at the Chinese play- 
ground under the direction of the Chi- 
nese Tennis club. 

In the men's singles, seeded players are 
as follows: John Tseng, Peter Gee, Ben 
Chu, Wahso Chan, Vincent Chinn, 
Thomas Wong, Thomas Leong, and 
John Lee. Tahmie Chinn, last year's 
Pacific Coast champion, did not enter, 
nor did Walter Wong, the runner-up. 
In men's doubles, last year's titlists, Ben 
Chu and Fay Lowe, again occupy the top 
list while Thomas Leong and Bill Chinn, 
Walter Wong and John Lee, and Wahso 
Chan and Thomas Wong are the other 
seeded teams. Jennie Chew, Lucille Jung, 
Hattie Hall, and Francis Jung were the 
seeded players in the women's singles. 
Last year Erline Lowe won in the wo- 
men's division. She pulled a tendon 
while playing basketball earlier this year 
and it has not healed well enough to 
permit her entering. Mary Chan, another 
top notch player, is also not entered. 



LOCKE HOOPSTERS DEFEAT 
COURTLAND 

In February the Locke, California, 
Chinese "A" basketball team made it a 
fifth staight victory over Courtland in a 
thrilling game played at Locke. Except 
for the third quarter, the game was quite 
one-sided, the final score being 33-23. 
Ping Lee and William Jang were the 
big guns of the Locke attack, while 
George Hing featured for the losers, 
sinking five basket from beyond the cen- 
ter of the court. 

In the "B" encounter, the Locke team 
also managed to come through with an 
unexpected victory. Ernest Chan and 
Henry Choy were the stars for Locke, 
while Edward Jang starred for Court- 
land, the final score being 26 to 16. 

o 

SACRAMENTO ATHLETIC 
ACTIVITIES 

A ping pong tournament, sponsored by 
the Sacramento Chinese Students' asso- 
ciation, ended recently with Fred Fong 
taking top honors from Melvin Lee. 

The association is now sponsoring a 
softball and volleyball tournament, with 
a Yue Po trophy to be awarded to the 
one who amasses the most points. 



EDITORIAL NOTES 

International Week at U. C. 

The idea of internationalism is a theme 
which seldom fails to arouse the enthu- 
siasm of idealistic university students in 
America. Too often, however, it remains 
just a theme to be talked and written and 
bandied about, and stopped short at the 
practice point. 

Where the fault lies in the university 
students' failure to practice international- 
ism we hesitate to say. Perhaps one of the 
reasons is that internationalism as a prac- 
tical ideal has never been properly and 
adequately presented to them. There 
are a variety of other reasons, of course, 
but this seems to us a major one. In this 
era of nationalism how can internation- 
alism be created and sustained in the 
minds of the students. 

We are gratified to learn that an Inter- 
national week will be held at the Uni- 
versity of California during April 14, 15, 
and 16. It is eminently appropriate that 
this institution should sponsor such a pro- 
gram, since it has one of the largest 
foreign student enrollments in this coun- 
try. An International week will natur- 
ally bring this foreign student group 
into contact with each other and with 
their American fellow students. 

We are doubly gratified to learn that 
the general chairman for this Interna- 
tional week program is one of our own 
second-generation American-born Chi- 
nese, Victor Young of San Francisco. 
It was Victor Young who first suggested 
such a program, and as a consequence 
was elected to carry it out. 

There are some 160 Chinese students 
at U. C, and it is our hope that they, 
under the leadership of a member of 
their own race, will cooperate with en- 
thusiasm and sincerity to make this Inter- 
national week an occasion to be remem- 
bered long after it is over. 
o 

Have you a moustache? If not, would 
you like to grow one? In either case you 
are eligible for membership in the Chin- 
ese Moustache league recently organized 
in New York city. Tsnue-Chi Yu, Con- 
sul-General for China there, is the hon- 
orary president. 

"Song of China" is a sound picture 
with English titles and music by the Wei 
Chung-lo orchestra, assisted by the 
Shanghai Student chorus. The produc- 
tion was directed by Lo Ming-Yau, one 
of China's greatest motion picture direc- 
tors. 



Poge 18 



CHINESE DIGEST 



April, 1937 



CONTINUATION PAGE 



FAR EAST 

(Continued from page 3) 
in 1882, and is one of the best living 
legal minds in the country. He studied 
in America (Yale), Germany, and Eng- 
land. While in America he translated 
the German Civil code into English and 
acted as co-editor of the Journal of the 
American Bar association. He was Min- 
ister of Foreign Affairs in the Nanking 
Provisional government and Minister of 
Justice in the first Republican cabinet. 
For several years he was a Judge of the 

International Court at the Hague. 
o 

CONTAGIOUS DISEASES 

(Continued from page 8) 
tality rate. The sex death ratio is five 
males to every female. A knowledge of 
prenatal care is always essential, but 
Chinese women are only beginning to 
realize it now. The small number of 
puerperal deaths and stillbirths is due 
more to the constitution of the Chinese 
woman than to actual obstetrical skill. 
It may be interesting to know that 
60 per cent of all Chinese babies are 
born at home; 75 per cent of all deaths 
occur in hospitals, of which about 15 
per cent are non-resident Chinese of 
San Francisco. 

There is a high incidence of myopia 
(near-sightedness) among the Chinese. 
Bad teeth is another problem, due 
chiefly to a faulty diet. Several cases 
of liver fluke infestations were found 
recently, probably having been infected 
while these men were in China, rather 
than having been infected here. Since 
no symptons are manifested, many 
more individuals may be harboring the 
parasites unknowingly. 

Suggestions for Better Health 
Chinatown should keep pace with the 
city and national health programs, es- 
pecially in the prevention of tubercu- 
losis. A nation-wide educational cam- 
paign on cancer is to begin soon, in 
which the Chinese community should 
participate. Another important campaign 
is that against venerial or so-called 
"social" diseases. Newspapers, maga- 
zines, clubs, along with government 
organization are attempting to stem the 
tide of this group of infections. They 
are endeavoring to show that syphilis 
alone is responsible for half a million 
disabled Americans annually, including 
10 per cent of all insanity, 18 per cent 
of all heart and vascular diseases, and a 
large percentage of stillbirths and deaths 
of babies in the first weeks of life. 
Chinatown shauld play a part in eradi- 
cating this and other preventable and 
avoidable human ills. 



It is apparent that much of the exist- 
ing poor health conditions in Chinatown 
itself can be attributed to housing con- 
gestions, inadequate medical facilities, 
economic factors, and general indifference 
of the community in regard to social and 
personal improvements. Public health 
authorities and health-minded individ- 
uals agree that, if these conditions are 
corrected, Chinatown could be one of 
the healthiest and socially-stablized cen- 
ters in the entire city. 



(This department welcomes contribu- 
the Chinese in your community. Such 
.-ontributions, of course, are subject to 
tions pertinent to the public welfare of 
editorial condensation and revision. 
Please communicate in advance with 
Lim P. Lee before writing an article. 
Factual data and original research infor- 
mation are also solicited. It is the ex- 
pressed hope that this page may hereafter 
act as an open forum for discussions on 
community welfare.) 

o 

JOTTINGS 

(Continued from page 11) 

drama. He is adapting for his use many 
Western stage ideas which he learned 
during a tour of Europe and America 
not long ago. In Dr. Hsiung's opinion, 
the NADA is now taking the lead in 
the development of the new theatre in 
China. 

The eminent playwright admitted, 
however, that the new drama still has 
a long way to go before it could equal 
the popularity of the traditional dramas. 
Since compromise between the new and 
the old drama is practically impossible, 
each is carrving on its activities side bv 
side and the theater-loving people can 
take their choice. 

It is encouraging to see, though, that 
the new drama is winning over many 
converts through sheer artistic merit. 
It is aided, too, by good plays, some 
written by university professors such as 
Dr. Hsiung himself, T'ing H si-ling. Ma 
Yen-hsiang and Hsiung Foo-hsi. T'ien 
Hah, a prolific writer of poetry, fiction 
and drama, is also closely associated with 
the new drama movement. So are Hung 
Shen and Chen Ta-pei, who write as 
direct plays. 

The NADA is helped in its develop- 
ment of the new drama by a private 
organization known as the China Travel- 
ing Dramatic Association. This group 
was organized in 1934 under the lead- 
ership of T'ang Huai-chiu, who is a 
French trained aviator turned actor. In 
its three years of life the CTDA has 



found that their audiences liked Chinese 
adaptations of western plays the most. 
Their repertoire, therefore, includes such 
western plays as Lady Windemere's Fan, 
Camille, Eugene Walter's The Easiest 
Way, Moliere's The Miser, Corneille's 
he Cid and Tolstoy's Resurrection. Ca- 
mille has been a popular play ever since 
the new drama came into being in China. 
Recently, another of Tolstoy's master- 
pieces, Povser of Darkness, was presented 
for the first time on the Chinese stage 
in Shanghai. The adapter and director 
of this play was Ouyang Yu-ch'ing (also 
O'Yang Luchien) , a founder of the new 
drama movement in China. 

^,. , Ten years ago ldwal 

Chinatowns , '. . B - „, . 

r^., Jones (author or China 

Odor d \ • l l- 

Boy) , writing a short his- 
torical account of San Francisco's China- 
town, penned, among other things, the 
following: 

"For two generations San Francisco's 
famous Chinatown, a realm of banners 
and scarlet balconies, as colorful as Soo- 
chow and twice as odorous, has main- 
tained its aloof identity." 

Recently, in a review, he wrote this: 

"For three generations this famous 
quarter, a realm of bazaars, alleys, joss 
houses, banners and vermillion balconies, 
as colorful as Soochow, but these days 
odorless, has kept its identity. 

Has Chinatown eliminated the odors 
of Soochow from its midst in the space 
of 10 short years? Contradiction, please, 
as Charlie Chan would say. Chinatown's 
odor is still there, though not as heavv 
as in the years gone by. And it is none 
the worse for that. Chinatown's smell 
is one of its great charms, and goes with 
the banners and scarlet balconies and joss 
houses. One cannot possiblv conceive of 
our Chinatown without that peculiar odor 
all its own. If you have ever read Kip- 
ling you will remember that one of the 
great charms of his India was his abilitv 
to almost make you sense the smell of 
that far-off land. 

I would advise that ldwal Jones should 
come back and poke around Chinatown 
cnce more, for he has been awav too 
long. 



RICE REALTY CO. 

Real Estate and Business 
Opportunities 



Mrs. Beulah Jung 

Chinese Representative 

• 

Residence Office 

1129 69th St. 2714 E. 14th St. 

Sweetwood 3054 Fruitvale 8841 

OAKLAND 



O. 




i i 



April, 1937 



CHINESE DIGEST 



Poge 19 



EDITORIAL 



(Continued from page 2) 
Progress as evidenced by the . foregoing partial state- 
ment of its publishers? Or, putting the question nega- 
tively, how untrue is its claim? 

FACT No. 1: The Chinese Progress is one of 18 
San Francisco district weekly papers distributed free 
of charge and published by the Henry F. Budde Publi- 
cations. The publishers and editor of the Chinese Pro- 
gress are NOT Chinese. Therefore, while the Progress 
cannot technically be labelled a foreign-language publica- 
tion, yet it can make no claim to being a Chinese newspa- 
per. That claim is highly misleading. 

FACT No. 2: An overwhelming majority of the Chi- 
nese in America do read Chinese. This is proven by the 
very fact that 10 Chinese language dailies are published 
in this country, five of which are located in San Francis- 
co. T